Poland

What is Poland known for?


impressive buildings

buildings and a few excellent museums. Just 50 km from there is the humbling '''Auschwitz''' concentration camp which, due to the horrible events it represents, leaves an impression like no other World Heritage site does. The ancient '''Wieliczka salt mine''' is another great daytrip from Kraków. Once a Hanseatic League-town, the port city of '''Gdańsk''' boasts many impressive buildings from that time. Here too, a walk along the Royal Road gives a great overview of notable sights. '''Wrocław''', the former capital of Silesia, is still less well-known but can definitely compete when it comes to amazing architecture, '''Centennial Hall''' being the prime example. Its picturesque location on the river Oder and countless bridges make this huge city a lovely place. The old town of '''Zamość''' was planned after Italian theories of the "ideal town" and named "a unique example of a Renaissance town in Central Europe" by UNESCO. The stunning medieval city of '''Toruń''' has some great and original Gothic architecture, as it is one of the few Polish cities to have escaped devastation in WWII. Other interesting cities include Poznań and Lublin. Natural attractions thumb right Tatra National Park (Image:D5sp-czarny.jpg) With 23 national parks and a number of landscape parks spread all over the country, natural attractions are never too far away. Białowieża National Park, on the Belarus border, is a World Heritage site for it comprises the last remains of the primeval forest that once covered most of Europe. It's the only place where European Bisons still live in the wild. If you're fit and up for adventure, take the dangerous '''Eagle's Path''' (Orla Perć) in the Tatra Mountains, where you'll also find Poland's highest peak. Pieniński National Park boasts the stunning '''Dunajec River Gorge''' and Karkonoski National Park is home to some fabulous '''water falls'''. The mountainous Bieszczady National Park has great hiking opportunities and lots of wild life. Wielkopolski National Park is, in contrast, very flat and covers a good part of the pretty '''Poznań Lakeland'''. The Masurian Landscape Park, in the Masurian Lake District (Masuria) with its 2000 lakes, is at least as beautiful. Bory Tucholskie National Park has the largest woodland in the country and has a bunch of lakes too, making it great for bird watching. The two national parks on Poland's coast are also quite popular: Wolin National Park is located on an island in the north-west, Słowiński National Park holds some of the largest '''sand dunes''' in Europe. Castles & other rural monuments thumb right Malbork castle (Image:Panorama of Malbork Castle, part 3.jpg) The Polish countryside is lovely and at times even gorgeous, with countless historic villages, castles, churches and other monuments. Agrotourism is therefore increasingly popular. If you have a taste for cultural heritage, the south western parts of the country offer some of the best sights, but there's great stuff in other areas too. The impressive Gothic '''Wawel Castle''' in Kraków may be one of the finest examples when it comes to Poland's castles, but most of the others are located in smaller countryside towns. The large, red brick '''Malbork''' castle (in northern Poland) is perhaps the most stunning one in the country, built in 1406 and today the world's biggest brick Gothic castle. The castle of '''Książ''' in Wałbrzych is one the best examples in historic Silesia, which also brought forward the now semi-ruined '''Chojnik castle''', located on a hill above the town of Sobieszów and within the Karkonoski National Park. After surviving battles and attacks for centuries, it was destroyed by lightning in 1675 and has been a popular tourist attraction since the 18th century. The picturesque '''Czocha Castle''' near Lubań originates from 1329. A bit off the beaten track are the ruins of '''Krzyżtopór''' castle, in a village near Opatów. The '''Wooden Churches of Southern Lesser Poland (Lesser Poland)''' are listed by UNESCO as World Heritage, just like the '''Churches of Peace''' in Jawor and Swidnica. The '''Jasna Góra Monastery''' in Częstochowa and the beautiful, World Heritage listed '''Kalwaria Zebrzydowska park (Kalwaria Zebrzydowska)''' are famous pilgrimage destinations. The lovely '''Muskau Park''' in Łęknica, on the German border, has fabulous English gardens and is a UNESCO listing shared with Germany. thumbnail right Poland was traditionally an agrarian country, and Poles hold a particular affinity to the countryside (File:2014 Pole uprawne w Raszkowie.jpg) Countryside The countryside throughout Poland is lovely and relatively unspoiled. Poland has a variety of regions with beautiful landscapes and small-scale organic and traditional farms. Travelers can choose different types of activities such as bird watching, cycling or horseback riding. Culturally, you can visit and or experience many churches, museums, ceramic and traditional basket-making workshops, castle ruins, rural centers and many more. A journey through the Polish countryside gives you a perfect opportunity to enjoy and absorb local knowledge about its landscape and people. Do Travel one of the '''European Cultural Routes''' that cross Poland: for example '''Cisterian Route'''. Learn Studying in Poland can be an incredible experience for foreigners. Foreign students can finance a B.A. education for as low as 24,000 zł and a M.A. education for as low as 20,000 zł. There are many international schools and great universities in Poland and of them the '''Jagiellonian University''' in particular is renowned as member of the '''Coimbra Group''' and is also a core member of the '''Europaeum'''. The '''University of Warsaw''' is the top ranked public university in Poland. '''National Film School''' in Łódź is the most notable academy. Private universities are a recent invention, but have been successful enough where several private schools are competing with the major public universities in terms of quality. Private schools may actually be cheaper for foreign students, who are not entitled to a free education at one of Poland's public universities. Work At the moment Poland is one of the best places around the world to find a job as an English teacher. TEFL courses (that's Teaching English as a Foreign Language) are run in many cities across Poland. The demand for TEFL teachers is enormous and teaching language is a brilliant way to fund your travel and earn as you go. Even if you don't have a working visa or Polish citizenship, it should be no problem for you to offer private lessons. The going rate is about 30zł for conversation or lessons. Doing these private lessons is a great way to make some money and meet some English-speaking educated, interesting poles at the same time. In general students, private and in classes, are very friendly toward their teachers, inviting them for dinner or drinks, and sometimes acting quite emotional during their last lesson. Post your services on telephone poles and bus stops with an email or phone number, or use Gumtree, Poland's version of Craigslist. Gumtree Polska is useful for finding students, and everything else, including accommodations, used cars, pets, Polish tutors, etc. Ekorki good to make a profile if looking for longer term teaching gigs. More formal than Gumtree, and used by serious employers. A little bit like Monster.com in the US. Buy thumb upright 1.3 Polish 100 zł banknote (Image:Polish-Banknote-100zl.jpg) Paying The legal tender in Poland is the '''Polish złoty''' ('''zł,''' international abbreviation: '''PLN'''). The '''złoty''' divides into 100 '''groszy''' (check the box to details). Poland is expected to adopt the '''Euro (€)''' sometime after 2014, but those plans are still tentative. Private currency exchange offices (Polish: ''kantor'') are very common, and offer Euro or USD exchanges at rates that are usually comparable to commercial banks. Be aware that exchanges in tourist hot-spots, such as the train stations or popular tourist destinations, tend to overcharge. Avoid "Interchange" Kantor locations, easily recognized by their orange color; the rates they offer are very bad. WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


title achievements

'''Stefan Bryła''' (b. 17 August 1886 in Kraków - 3 December 1943 in Warsaw, Poland) was a Polish (Poland) construction engineer and welding pioneer. thumb 150px right Stefan Bryła (Image:Stefan Bryla.jpg) '''Stefan Bryła''' (b. 17 August 1886 in Kraków

- 3 December 1943 in Warsaw, Poland) was a Polish (Poland) construction engineer and welding pioneer. '''Stanislaw Rajmund Burzynski''' (born January 23, 1943 in Lublin, Poland) is a biochemist


major leadership

(minister) of State Control of the Ukrainian (Ukraine) Soviet Republic. He wasn't re-elected to the Central Committee at the VIII Party Congress in March 1919 and would never again occupy a major leadership position. He negotiated a ceasefire with Poland in October 1920 and peace treaties with Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in late 1920. In 1921 he signed the Peace of Riga with Poland ending the Polish-Soviet War and was made deputy chairman of the Turkestan


ancient relationship

WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


work food

of the Jewish council was known as the Judenrat. In this position he reported directly to the Nazi ghetto administration headed by Hans Biebow and had direct responsibility for providing heat, work, food, housing, and health and welfare services to the ghetto population. He performed marriages when rabbis had to stop working, his name came to serve in the nickname of the ghetto's money, the ''Rumki'', sometimes ''Chaimki'', Heart, S.J. "The Lodz Ghetto". ''Holocaust Research Project'', 2010. Retrieved: 01.10.2011. and his face appeared in the ghetto postage-stamps. Carmello Lisciotto, Heart, "Chaim Ruskowski". ''Holocaust Research Project'', 2007. Retrieved: 01.10.2011. '''Jan Brożek''' (''Ioannes Broscius'', "Ioannes Broscius" ''Joannes Broscius'' "Joannes Broscius", or ''Johannes Broscius'' "Johannes Broscius" ''Nicolaus Copernicus Gesamtausgabe'' (Nicolaus Copernicus Complete Edition): ''Die Copernicus-biographien des 16. Bis 18. Jahrhunderts'' (Copernicus Biographies of the 16th–18th Centuries), ISBN 3050038489 ; 1 November 1585 – 21 November 1652) was a Polish (Poland) polymath: a mathematician, astronomer, physician, poet, writer, musician and rector of the Kraków Academy. thumb 150px right Stefan Bryła (Image:Stefan Bryla.jpg) '''Stefan Bryła''' (b. 17 August 1886 in Kraków - 3 December 1943 in Warsaw, Poland) was a Polish (Poland) construction engineer and welding pioneer. WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


title partnership

'' and ''Stefan Iksmoreż.'' * WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


blue summer

. 1772 First Partition of Poland → Kingdom of Prussia, province West Prussia. 1920 Poland, Pomeranian Voivodeship. 1939 Polish defense in WW2 (World War II) annexed by Germany to the province Danzig-West Prussia 1945 Poland, Pomeranian Voivodeship 1967 Found the town of Reda. Reda has now 5400 inhabitants. '''''Verano azul''''' (''Blue Summer'') was a famous Spanish (Spain) television show directed by Antonio Mercero that first aired in 1981. It tells of the adventures of a group of youngsters between ages 9 and 17, while on summer vacation in Nerja, a small town on the Mediterranean (Mediterranean Sea) Costa del Sol, Andalusia, in Southern Spain. The series, with 19 episodes that drew up to 20 million viewers in Spain, has been re-run almost every summer since then. It has left a deep impact over several generations of viewers and has become part of Spain's common cultural memory. It was also broadcast in Latin America, Portugal, France and some Slavic (Slavic peoples) countries like Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, Poland and Czechoslovakia. Others Versions also aired in Australia, Belgium, Canada, France, Ukraine, Poland, and Spain. Recently, Romania and Hungary launched versions of the show. Other countries to get versions include Morocco, Portugal, Slovakia, and Turkey. class "wikitable" Flyball has now expanded into many countries including Australia, Canada and South Africa, and in Europe countries such as Belgium, Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland and the United Kingdom have National flyball tournaments and also hold joint annual European championships. *June 28, 1948 - Cominform circulates the "Resolution on the situation in the KPJ." *September, 1948 - The USSR unilaterally annuls its treaty with Yugoslavia. Hungary, Poland, Bulgaria, Romania and Czechoslovakia follow suit. *October 25, 1948 - The USSR expels the Yugoslav ambassador. Other pro-Soviet governments follow suit. History The development of biodynamic agriculture began in 1924 with a series of eight lectures on agriculture given by philosopher Rudolf Steiner at Schloss Koberwitz (Kobierzyce) in Silesia (Lower Silesia), Germany, (now Kobierzyce in Poland east of Wrocław). The lectures, the first known to have been given on organic agriculture, WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


important culture

. Lublin was a candidate for the title of European Capital of Culture in 2016. Lublin is situated around 170 km (105 miles) away from the capital, Warsaw. thumb 255px Cracow Gate in the Old Town is among the most recognizable landmarks of the city. (File:Lublin, Stare Miasto - Brama Krakowska i Plac Łokietka (2009-06-12).jpg) Culture and tourism Lublin is not only the biggest city in eastern Poland, but an important culture core city also. Since accession of Poland into the EU


made+black

and diplomat under the Polish king Władysław II (Jogaila) and Hungarian-Bohemian king Sigismund of Luxembourg. During his life, he was regarded as a model of knightly virtues and was renowned for winning multiple tournaments (Tournament (medieval)). His nickname is due to his black hair and his custom-made, black armor, which is kept at the Jasna Góra Monastery. '''Warka''' is a town in central Poland, located on the left bank of the Pilica (river


power black

Lindisfarne)". The Belgian (Belgium) folk power black metal band Ancient Rites has a song "Lindisfarne (Anno 793)" on their 2001 album ''Dim Carcosa''. The Polish (Poland) black death metal band Behemoth (Behemoth (band)) has a song "From Horned Lands To Lindisfarne" on its 1994 "... From The Pagan Vastlands" demo. The German power metal band Rebellion (Rebellion (band)) has a song on their 2005 album '' Sagas of Iceland — The History

Poland

PLEASE DO NOT make any changes to the following section before discussing them on the discussion page (Talk:Poland). Thank you. ------

'''Poland''' , making it the 71st largest country (List of countries and dependencies by area) in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the 34th most populous country (List of countries by population) in the world, the sixth most populous member of the European Union (Member state of the European Union), and the most populous post-communist member of the European Union. Poland is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions (voivodeship).

Many historians trace the establishment of a Polish state to 966, when Mieszko I (Mieszko I of Poland), ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland (Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)) was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a longstanding political association (Polish–Lithuanian union) with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin, forming the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth gradually ceased to exist in the years 1772–1795, when the Polish territory was partitioned (Partitions of Poland) among Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia), the Russian Empire, and Austria (Habsburg Monarchy). Poland regained its independence (History of Poland (1918–39)) (as the Second Polish Republic) at the end of World War I, in 1918.

Two decades later, in September 1939, World War II started with the invasions of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union (as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact). More than six million Polish citizens died in the war. Project in Posterum, Poland World War II casualties. Retrieved 20 September 2013. Holocaust: Five Million Forgotten: Non-Jewish Victims of the Shoah. Remember.org. AFP Expatica, ''Polish experts lower nation's WWII death toll'', Expatica.com, 30 August 2009 Tomasz Szarota & Wojciech Materski, ''Polska 1939–1945. Straty osobowe i ofiary represji pod dwiema okupacjami'', Warsaw, IPN 2009, ISBN 978-83-7629-067-6 (Introduction online.) In 1944, a Soviet-backed Polish provisional government (Polish Committee of National Liberation) was formed, which, after a period of conflict, falsified referendum (Polish people's referendum, 1946) and elections (Polish legislative election, 1947), gave rise to a satellite state Rao, B. V. (2006), History of Modern Europe Ad 1789-2002: A.D. 1789-2002, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. of the Soviet Union, ''Polish Republic'' (''Rzeczpospolita Polska''), renamed to the People's Republic of Poland (''Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa'') in 1952. During the Revolutions of 1989, Poland's Marxist–Leninist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy under the name ''Rzeczpospolita Polska'', often referred to as the "Third Polish Republic" (''III Rzeczpospolita'').

Despite the vast destruction (World War II casualties of Poland) the country experienced during World War II (Occupation of Poland (1939–45)), Poland managed to preserve much of its cultural wealth (Culture of Poland). There are 14 heritage sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage (List of World Heritage Sites of Poland) and 54 Historical Monuments (List of Historic Monuments (Poland)) and many objects of cultural heritage (Objects of cultural heritage in Poland). Since the end of the communist period (People's Republic of Poland), Poland has achieved a "very high" ranking in terms of human development (Human Development Index), as well as gradually improving economic freedom. http: www.heritage.org research reports 2015 01 asia-pacific

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