Poland

What is Poland known for?


recording sound

; September 3, 1981) was an American (United States) sculptor (Sculpture) and painter (Painting). He was born in Posen, Prussia (German Empire), now Poznań, Poland, as a son of Polish (Poland) parents, and emigrated to the United States at the age of two.


gold water

Europe as a decoration in food and drinks, in the form of leaf, flakes or dust, either to demonstrate the host's wealth or in the belief that something that valuable and rare must be beneficial for one's health. * Danziger Goldwasser (German: Gold water of Danzig) or Goldwasser ( ) is a traditional German herbal liqueur


international abstract

84a3d197577d4cb7bdc735a17f957a58 Léonce Rosenberg, in 1929, commissioned Gleizes (replacing Gino Severini) to paint decorative panels for his Parisian residence, which would be installed in 1931. The same year Gleizes was part of the committee of Abstraction-Création (founded by Theo van Doesburg, Auguste Herbin, Jean Hélion and Georges Vantongerloo) that acted as a forum for international non-representational art (abstract art), and counteracted


active international

book last Slonimsky first Nicolas title Baker's Biographical dictionary of musicians year 1978 publisher Schirmer Books location New York isbn 0028702409 edition 6th page 1920 chapter Würfel, Wilhelm The most active international scientific and technological cooperation is carried out by the chairs of the institute with the partners from Poland, Germany, Bulgaria, Denmark and Lebanon. Lately the relations with China, USA, Italy, Vietnam and Spain have become more active. The institute carries out the exchange of students according to the agreement on operation with the University of Oregon (USA). '''Samuel Zborowski''' (died 1584) was a Polish (Poland) military commander and a notable member of the ''szlachta'' (Polish landed gentry). He is best remembered for having been executed by supporters of the Polish king Stefan Batory and chancellor Jan Zamoyski; an event which caused much uproar among the contemporary Polish nobility. '''Bolesław Skarżyński''' (1901-1963) was a renowned Polish (Poland) biologist. He belonged to the school of Benedict Oxenstjerna and was therefore an avowed advocate of a pacific (Pacifism) policy. He protested in vain against nearly all the military ventures of Charles XII, e.g. the War of Deposition against Augustus of Saxony (Augustus II of Poland) and Poland, the invasion of Saxony, the raid into the Ukraine. Again and again he insisted that the pacific overtures of Peter the Great (Peter I of Russia) should at least be fairly considered, but his master was always immovable. Piper's career came to an end at the Battle of Poltava (1709), where he was among the prisoners. The last years of his life were spent in exile in Russia. He died at Schlüsselburg in 1716. WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


events covers

-occupied Warsaw, Poland before and during World War II. Leon Uris's work, based on real events, covers the Nazi (Nazism) occupation of Poland and the atrocities of systematically dehumanising and eliminating the Jewish People of Poland. The name "Mila 18 (Miła 18)" is taken from the headquarters bunker of Jewish resistance fighters (Żydowska Organizacja Bojowa) underneath the building at ''ulica Miła 18'' (18 Mila Street, in English, 18 Pleasant Street

). '''''Mila 18''''' is a novel by Leon Uris set in German (Nazi Germany)-occupied Warsaw, Poland before and during World War II. Leon Uris's work, based on real events, covers the Nazi (Nazism) occupation of Poland and the atrocities of systematically dehumanising and eliminating the Jewish People of Poland. The name "Mila 18 (Miła 18)" is taken from the headquarters bunker of Żydowska Organizacja Bojowa Jewish


huge presence

century and through to the 21st Century, Cal has been a huge presence in the water sports of swimming (Swimming (sport)), diving, and water Polo. Cal swimmers have represented an eclectic group of nations, including Thailand, Poland, Croatia, Serbia, Slovenia, Lithuania, Switzerland, and Sweden. Two of the most well-known Cal Olympic swimmers in the past 20 years are Matt Biondi and Natalie Coughlin. Matt Biondi began his Olympic career with a gold as a member of the 400 free relay team at the 1984 Summer Olympics, but became an outright star four years later when he garnered an amazing seven medals (five gold, one silver, and one bronze) at the 1988 Summer Olympics. He would follow up that effort with four medals (2 gold, one silver, and one bronze) at the 1992 games (1992 Summer Olympics) for a career total of 11 medals, 8 of them gold. Pati was born in Poland but spent the first 6 years of her life on tour with her father’s iconic punk band. They underwent extreme danger to smuggle their anti regime message through soviet censorship (Censorship_in_the_Soviet_Union), becoming hugely influential during the radical social and political change within Poland in the early eighties. Returning to Poland, Pati became immersed in the creative arts scene that had proved such a strong and radical voice in her youth. She also became a self taught visual artist (Visual_arts), published poet, and a widely influential radio DJ in Warsaw. '''Słupca''' WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


bringing quot

in the English Channel. During preliminary work the ''Kielce'', containing a comparable amount of ordnance, exploded with force equivalent to an earthquake measuring 4.5 on the Richter scale (Richter magnitude scale), digging a 20-foot-deep (6 m) crater in the seabed and bringing "panic and chaos" to Folkestone, although no injuries. WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


complex producing

brothers and both grandfathers were also Lutheran ministers. Hinchliffe 2003, p. xvi. The '''Zegrze Reservoir''' (or '''Zegrze Lake''', in Polish (Polish language) officially ''Jezioro Zegrzyńskie'', unofficially ''Zalew Zegrzyński'') is a man-made reservoir (Reservoir (water)) in Poland, located just north of Warsaw, on the lower course of the Narew river. It is formed by a dam constructed in 1963 with a hydroelectric complex producing 20 Megawatts


scholarship de

Warsaw Astronomical Observatory . Gingerich's efforts and conclusions are recounted in ''The Book Nobody Read'', published in 2004 by Walker & Co. The research behind this book earned its author the Polish (Poland) government's Order of Merit (Order of Merit of Poland) in 1981. Due largely to Gingerich's scholarship, ''De revolutionibus'' has been researched and catalogued better than any other first-edition historic text except for the original Gutenberg Bible. ref name "


political weekly

Tribune des Peuples''''' ( ) was a Polish (Poland)-led French-language (French language) radical (Radicalism (historical)) and romantic nationalist (Romantic nationalism) political weekly magazine, published in Paris between March and November 1849 - except for a hiatus caused by censorship (April 14-August 31). The founder and editor-in-chief was Adam Mickiewicz, one of the greatest Polish poets

Searchlight '' Economic and Political Weekly Special Articles, 8 October 2005 Beginning with the start of Operation Searchlight on 25 March 1971 and due to the Bangladesh Liberation War, there were numerous human rights abuses in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) perpetrated by the Pakistan Army, with support from local political and religious militias, especially against Hindus. ref name Blood978 >

Poland

PLEASE DO NOT make any changes to the following section before discussing them on the discussion page (Talk:Poland). Thank you. ------

'''Poland''' , making it the 71st largest country (List of countries and dependencies by area) in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the 34th most populous country (List of countries by population) in the world, the sixth most populous member of the European Union (Member state of the European Union), and the most populous post-communist member of the European Union. Poland is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions (voivodeship).

Many historians trace the establishment of a Polish state to 966, when Mieszko I (Mieszko I of Poland), ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland (Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)) was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a longstanding political association (Polish–Lithuanian union) with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin, forming the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth gradually ceased to exist in the years 1772–1795, when the Polish territory was partitioned (Partitions of Poland) among Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia), the Russian Empire, and Austria (Habsburg Monarchy). Poland regained its independence (History of Poland (1918–39)) (as the Second Polish Republic) at the end of World War I, in 1918.

Two decades later, in September 1939, World War II started with the invasions of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union (as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact). More than six million Polish citizens died in the war. Project in Posterum, Poland World War II casualties. Retrieved 20 September 2013. Holocaust: Five Million Forgotten: Non-Jewish Victims of the Shoah. Remember.org. AFP Expatica, ''Polish experts lower nation's WWII death toll'', Expatica.com, 30 August 2009 Tomasz Szarota & Wojciech Materski, ''Polska 1939–1945. Straty osobowe i ofiary represji pod dwiema okupacjami'', Warsaw, IPN 2009, ISBN 978-83-7629-067-6 (Introduction online.) In 1944, a Soviet-backed Polish provisional government (Polish Committee of National Liberation) was formed, which, after a period of conflict, falsified referendum (Polish people's referendum, 1946) and elections (Polish legislative election, 1947), gave rise to a satellite state Rao, B. V. (2006), History of Modern Europe Ad 1789-2002: A.D. 1789-2002, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. of the Soviet Union, ''Polish Republic'' (''Rzeczpospolita Polska''), renamed to the People's Republic of Poland (''Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa'') in 1952. During the Revolutions of 1989, Poland's Marxist–Leninist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy under the name ''Rzeczpospolita Polska'', often referred to as the "Third Polish Republic" (''III Rzeczpospolita'').

Despite the vast destruction (World War II casualties of Poland) the country experienced during World War II (Occupation of Poland (1939–45)), Poland managed to preserve much of its cultural wealth (Culture of Poland). There are 14 heritage sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage (List of World Heritage Sites of Poland) and 54 Historical Monuments (List of Historic Monuments (Poland)) and many objects of cultural heritage (Objects of cultural heritage in Poland). Since the end of the communist period (People's Republic of Poland), Poland has achieved a "very high" ranking in terms of human development (Human Development Index), as well as gradually improving economic freedom. http: www.heritage.org research reports 2015 01 asia-pacific

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