Poland

What is Poland known for?


small study

WikiPedia:Poland Commons:Category:Poland Dmoz:Regional Europe Poland


film battle

sisters and mother, but endured a difficult relationship with his father, an alcoholic who was physically abusive (physical abuse) toward both his wife and children. 1970s After working on ''The Italian Job'' with Noël Coward, and a solid role as RAF fighter pilot Squadron Leader Canfield in the all-star cast of ''Battle of Britain (Battle of Britain (film))'' (both 1969), Caine played


summer green

. His father, Józef Stanisław Retinger, was the personal legal counsel and adviser to Count Władysław Zamoyski. When Józef H. Retinger's father died, Count Zamoyski took young Józef under his wing. Retinger had planned on becoming a priest, and was enrolled in a seminary, but the prospect of celibacy made him change his mind. The film was well-received by audiences in both the United States and Europe. That summer, Green took his film to Poland


arts extreme

''Ekstremalne Metamorfozy'' * Portugal: People+Arts ''Extreme Makeover: Mudança Radical'' #June 1 — June 9, 1991 - Poland #August 13 — August 20, 1991 - Poland (celebration of World Youth Day in Częstochowa) and Hungary #October 12 — October 21, 1991 - Brazil Life and career Palmer, who took her surname from an English actress she admired, was one of three daughters born to Dr. Alfred Peiser, a German (Germany) Jew (Jews)ish surgeon, and Rose Lissman, an Austrian


developing large

url http: www.demog.berkeley.edu ~gene hammel_1-fmt.html Because of the migrations that followed – such as those of Slavs, Bulgars, Hungarians, and Tatars – the Romanians were organized in agricultural communes (obști (Obște)), developing large centralized states only in the 14th century, when the Danubian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia emerged to fight the Ottoman Empire. Biography Cahn was born as '''Samuel Cohen''' in the Lower


theory giving

with a Commander's Cross with Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta. Biography Leopold Kronecker was born in Liegnitz, Prussia (now Legnica, Poland) into a Jewish family. Leopold Kronecker In 1845, Kronecker wrote his dissertation at the University of Berlin on number theory, giving special formulation to units in certain algebraic number fields. Peter Gustav


intense starting

. '''Sławomir Idziak''' ( ; born 25 January 1945 in Katowice, Poland) is a Polish cinematographer, having worked on over forty Polish and foreign films. As a result of First Vienna Award Czechoslovakia was forced to give up territory to Poland and Hungary (southern Slovakia and Carpathian Ruthenia. While conflicts with Polish forces were minor, clash with Hungarian forces and partisans (''Szabadczapatok'') was more intense

(starting in November 1939). From January to March 1939 (until Czechoslovakia was dissolved) heavy clashes occurred between Hungarian forces and guard and the army in Ruthenia. Czechoslovakian units were forced to withdraw in three directions - to Slovakia, Poland and Romania. During March the units also faced local insurgents (''Sičovci'') attempting to establish independent Ruthenian state (Carpatho-Ukraine). Plot The protagonist, Gustav von Aschenbach, travels to Venice for health


long studies

Lyceum in Bratislava and also in Vienna. He studied theology and philosophy. When an uprising against Russia (November Uprising) broke out in Poland in 1830, Samo Chalupka interrupted his long studies and fought on the Polish side. He was injured in 1831 and returned to Bratislava. He was the oldest member of the Ľudovít Štúr generation of the Slovak national revival. He was one of the founders and active members of the Czech-Slovak Society. __NOTOC__ '''Gmina


family television

and singer. Born to a Polish mother and a Nigerian father. Szwed background She was a popular child actress, starring regularly since 1999 in ''Rodzina zastępcza (Rodzina zastepcza)'' (''Foster Family'') television series, modified and renamed in 2004 to ''Rodzina zastępcza plus'' (''Foster Family and Others''). She also stars on TV talent shows. Before getting into television, she sang


short simple

said of himself, he was a priest (of the Catholic Church) first of all. He was a chief Polish representative of contemporary religious lyrics. He wrote short, simple poems, humorous, sometimes with colloquialisms. He joins observation of nature with philosophical (philosophy) reflexion. website http: miasto.limanowa.pl '''Limanowa''' ''Liminuv'') is a small town (population 14,624 as of 2005

Poland

PLEASE DO NOT make any changes to the following section before discussing them on the discussion page (Talk:Poland). Thank you. ------

'''Poland''' , making it the 71st largest country (List of countries and dependencies by area) in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the 34th most populous country (List of countries by population) in the world, the sixth most populous member of the European Union (Member state of the European Union), and the most populous post-communist member of the European Union. Poland is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions (voivodeship).

Many historians trace the establishment of a Polish state to 966, when Mieszko I (Mieszko I of Poland), ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland (Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)) was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a longstanding political association (Polish–Lithuanian union) with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin, forming the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth gradually ceased to exist in the years 1772–1795, when the Polish territory was partitioned (Partitions of Poland) among Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia), the Russian Empire, and Austria (Habsburg Monarchy). Poland regained its independence (History of Poland (1918–39)) (as the Second Polish Republic) at the end of World War I, in 1918.

Two decades later, in September 1939, World War II started with the invasions of Poland by Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union (as part of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact). More than six million Polish citizens died in the war. Project in Posterum, Poland World War II casualties. Retrieved 20 September 2013. Holocaust: Five Million Forgotten: Non-Jewish Victims of the Shoah. Remember.org. AFP Expatica, ''Polish experts lower nation's WWII death toll'', Expatica.com, 30 August 2009 Tomasz Szarota & Wojciech Materski, ''Polska 1939–1945. Straty osobowe i ofiary represji pod dwiema okupacjami'', Warsaw, IPN 2009, ISBN 978-83-7629-067-6 (Introduction online.) In 1944, a Soviet-backed Polish provisional government (Polish Committee of National Liberation) was formed, which, after a period of conflict, falsified referendum (Polish people's referendum, 1946) and elections (Polish legislative election, 1947), gave rise to a satellite state Rao, B. V. (2006), History of Modern Europe Ad 1789-2002: A.D. 1789-2002, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. of the Soviet Union, ''Polish Republic'' (''Rzeczpospolita Polska''), renamed to the People's Republic of Poland (''Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa'') in 1952. During the Revolutions of 1989, Poland's Marxist–Leninist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy under the name ''Rzeczpospolita Polska'', often referred to as the "Third Polish Republic" (''III Rzeczpospolita'').

Despite the vast destruction (World War II casualties of Poland) the country experienced during World War II (Occupation of Poland (1939–45)), Poland managed to preserve much of its cultural wealth (Culture of Poland). There are 14 heritage sites inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage (List of World Heritage Sites of Poland) and 54 Historical Monuments (List of Historic Monuments (Poland)) and many objects of cultural heritage (Objects of cultural heritage in Poland). Since the end of the communist period (People's Republic of Poland), Poland has achieved a "very high" ranking in terms of human development (Human Development Index), as well as gradually improving economic freedom. http: www.heritage.org research reports 2015 01 asia-pacific

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