of weapons and ammunition in Macedonia. Delchev envisioned independent production of weapons, which resulted in the establishment of a bomb manufacturing plant in the village of Sabler near Kyustendil in Bulgaria. The bombs were later smuggled across the Ottoman border into Macedonia. Пейо Яворов, "Събрани съчинения", Том втори, "Гоце Делчев", Издателство "Български писател", София, 1977, стр. 32–33. In English: Peyo Yavorov, "
in 855–856. Gjuzelev, p. 130 (Gjuzelev, V., (1988) Medieval Bulgaria, Byzantine Empire, Black Sea, Venice, Genoa (Centre Culturel du Monde Byzantin). Published by Verlag Baier). Bulgarian Historical Review, p. 9 (Bulgarian Historical Review (2005), United Center for Research and Training in History, published by Publishing House of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, v.33:no.1-4). Under Byzantine control the city became the centre of Paulician
for its Bulgarian Renaissance architectural style. The Old Town covers the area of the three central hills (Трихълмие, ''Trihalmie''): Nebet Tepe, Dzhambaz Tepe and Taksim Tepe. Almost every house in the Old Town has its characteristic exterior and interior decoration. Churches, mosques and temples There are a number of 19th-century churches, most of which follow the distinctive Eastern Orthodox construction style. They are the Saint Constantine and Saint Helena, the Saint Marina, the Saint Nedelya, the Saint Petka and the Holy Mother of God Churches. There are Roman Catholic cathedrals in Plovdiv, the largest of them being the Cathedral of St Louis (Cathedral of St Louis, Plovdiv). There are several more modern Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian, and other Protestant churches, as well as older style Apostolic (Armenian Apostolic) churches. Two mosques remain in Plovdiv from the time of the Ottoman rule. The Djumaya Mosque is considered the oldest European mosque outside Moorish Spain. The Sephardic Plovdiv Synagogue is at Tsar Kaloyan Street 13, in the remnants of a small courtyard in what was once a large Jewish quarter. Dating to the 19th century, it is one of the best-preserved examples of the so-called "Ottoman-style" synagogues in the Balkans. According to author Ruth E. Gruber, the interior of the Plovdiv Synagogue is a "hidden treasure…a glorious, if run-down, burst of color." An exquisite Venetian glass chandelier hangs from the center of the ceiling, which has a richly painted dome. All surfaces are covered in elaborate, Moorish-style, geometric designs in once-bright greens and blues. Torah scrolls are kept in the gilded Aron-ha-Kodesh. WikiPedia:Plovdiv Dmoz:Regional Europe Bulgaria Localities Plovdiv Commons:Category:Plovdiv
Kisimov mathematician, activist and politician * Isaac Passy
medal, making Freeman the first ever Aboriginal (Australian Aborigines) Commonwealth Games gold medallist, as well as one of the youngest, at 16 years old. She moved to Melbourne in 1990s after the Auckland Commonwealth Games. Shortly after moving to Melbourne, Bideau her manager introduced Freeman to athletics coach, Peter Fortune who would become Freeman's coach for the rest of her career. She was then selected to represent Australia at the 1990 World Junior Championships in Athletics in Plovdiv, Bulgaria. There, she reached the semi-finals of the 100 m and placed fifth in the final of the 400 m. Freeman competed in her second World Junior Championships (1992 World Junior Championships in Athletics) in Seoul, South Korea. She competed only in the 200 m, winning the silver medal behind China's Hu Ling. Also in 1992, she travelled to her first Olympic Games (1992 Summer Olympics), reaching the second round of her new speciality event; the 400 metres. At the 1993 World Championships in Athletics, Freeman competed in the 200 m, reaching the semi-finals. World Junior Championships Plovdiv, Bulgaria align "center" 5th World Junior Championships Plovdiv, Bulgaria align "center" 5th The revolution of Plovdiv (18 September 1885), which brought about the union of Eastern Rumelia with Bulgaria, took place with Alexander's consent, and he at once assumed the government of the province. In the year which followed, the prince gave evidence of considerable military and diplomatic ability. He rallied the Bulgarian army, now deprived of its Russian officers, to resist the Serbian invasion, and after a victory at Slivnitza (19 November), which Alexander had little to do with, having arrived in Slivnitsa after the battle (incidentally initiated by a volunteer of the rank of private) was already over, excerpts from ''A History of Volunteers in the Serbo-Bulgarian War'' by colonel Yordan Benedikov *'''Cultural tourism''' ** Veliko Tarnovo, Nessebar, Sozopol, Plovdiv, Bansko, Ethnographic museum Etara (Etara), Koprivshtitsa *'''City tourism''' ** Plovdiv, Veliko Tarnovo, Sofia, Varna, Burgas, Rousse, Vratsa, Pleven, Vidin, Lovech John then launched a punitive raid against the Serbs, many of whom were rounded up and transported to Nicomedia in Asia Minor to serve as military colonists. This was done partly to cow the Serbs into submission (Serbia was, at least nominally, a Byzantine protectorate), and partly to strengthen the Byzantine frontier in the east against the Turks. However, John's marriage to the Hungarian princess Piroska (Piroska of Hungary) involved him in the dynastic struggles of the Kingdom of Hungary. Giving asylum to a blinded claimant to the Hungarian throne (called Álmos), John aroused the suspicion of the Hungarians, and was faced with an invasion in 1128. The Hungarians attacked Belgrade, Braničevo (Braničevo (town)), Nish, Sofia, and penetrated south as far as the outskirts of Philippopolis (Plovdiv). J. Norwich, ''Byzantium: The Decline and Fall'', 71 After a challenging campaign lasting two years, the emperor managed to defeat the Hungarians and their Serbian allies at the fortress of Haram which is located in Nova Palanka (Bačka Palanka), and peace was restored. A. Urbansky, ''Byzantium and the Danube Frontier'', 46 Relations with Bulgaria After the expiration of the 20-year peace treaty (Treaty of 815) between the Empire and Bulgaria in 836, Theophilos ravaged the Bulgarian frontier. The Bulgarians retaliated, and under the leadership of Isbul they reached Adrianople. At this time, if not earlier, the Bulgarians annexed Philippopolis (Plovdiv) and its environs. ''Khan (Khan (title))'' Malamir died in 836. The Ottomans (Ottoman Empire), who had been allied with the Kantakouzenoi, continued to press John. Suleyman Paşa (Suleyman Pasha (son of Orhan)), the son of the Ottoman sultan, led their forces in Europe and was able to take Adrianople and Philippopolis (Plovdiv) and exact tribute from the emperor. John V appealed to the West for help, proposing to end the schism (East-West Schism) between the Byzantine (Eastern Orthodoxy) and Latin (Roman Catholicism) churches by submitting the patriarchate (Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople) to the supremacy of Rome (pope). At Milan on March 1, 293, Constantius was formally appointed as Maximian’s Caesar. Birley, pg. 382 He adopted the names Flavius Valerius Southern, pg. 147 and was given command of Gaul, Britannia (Roman Britain) and possibly Hispania. Diocletian, the eastern Augustus, in order to keep the balance of power in the imperium Southern, pg. 145 elevated Galerius as his Caesar, possibly on May 21, 293 at Philippopolis (Plovdiv). Constantius was the more senior of the two Caesars, and on official documents he always took precedence, being mentioned before Galerius. Southern, pg. 147 Constantius’ capital was to be located at Augusta Treverorum. A conflict between the Byzantines and Bulgarians started in 855–856. The Empire wanted to regain its control over some areas of Thrace, including Philippopolis (Plovdiv) and the ports around the Gulf of Burgas on the Black Sea. The Byzantine forces, led by the emperor and the caesar Bardas, were successful in the conflict and reconquered a number of cities, Philippopolis, Develtus, Anchialus and Mesembria being among them, and the region of Zagora (Zagore) was recovered. Gjuzelev, p. 130 Bulgarian historical review, v.33:no.1-4, p.9. At the time of this campaign the Bulgarians were distracted by a war with the Franks under Louis the German and the Croatians. The barbarian incursions into the Empire were becoming more and more daring and frequent whereas the Empire was facing a serious economic crisis in Decius' time. During his brief reign, Decius engaged in important operations against the Goths, who crossed the Danube to raid districts of Moesia and Thrace. This is the first considerable occasion the Goths — who would later come to play such an important role — appear in the historical record. The Goths under King Cniva were surprised by the emperor while besieging Nicopolis (Nikopol, Bulgaria) on the Danube; the Goths fled through the difficult terrain of the Balkans, but then doubled back and surprised the Romans near Beroë (modern Stara Zagora), sacking their camp and dispersing the Roman troops. It was the first time a Roman emperor fled in the face of Barbarians. The Goths then moved to attack ''Philippopolis'' (Battle of Philippopolis (250)) (modern Plovdiv), which fell into their hands. The governor of Thrace, Titus Julius Priscus, declared himself Emperor under Gothic protection in opposition to Decius but Priscus's challenge was rendered moot when he was killed soon afterwards. Scarre 1995, p.169 thumb upright Burgas as seen from space (Image:Burgas-from-Space.jpg) '''Burgas''' ( WikiPedia:Plovdiv Dmoz:Regional Europe Bulgaria Localities Plovdiv Commons:Category:Plovdiv
Adrianople and Xanthi). DATE OF BIRTH 1947-02-03 PLACE OF BIRTH Plovdiv, Bulgaria DATE OF DEATH Tatarchev was born in the town of Resen (Resen (town)) in Ottoman Macedonia (Ottoman Vardar Macedonia) to a rich family. His father Nikola Tatarchev was a successful banker, and his mother Katerina was a descendant of a prominent family. Hristo Tatarchev received his initial education in Resen, then he moved to Eastern Rumelia and studied in Bratsigovo
. 200px thumb right The 15th century Dyavolski most Devil's bridge (Image:Dyavolski bridge.jpg) near Ardino. Post-championship career On Ponomariov's 20th birthday, October 11, 2003, he became the first high-profile player to forfeit a game because of his mobile phone ringing during play. This happened in round one of the European Team Championship in Plovdiv, Bulgaria, when Ponomariov was playing Black against Swedish (Sweden) GM Evgenij Agrest. *
. The Hungarians attacked Belgrade, Braničevo (Braničevo (town)), Nish, Sofia, and penetrated south as far as the outskirts of Philippopolis (Plovdiv). J. Norwich, ''Byzantium: The Decline and Fall'', 71 After a challenging campaign lasting two years, the emperor managed to defeat the Hungarians and their Serbian allies at the fortress of Haram which is located in Nova Palanka (Bačka Palanka), and peace was restored. ref name
Nights ''' is a low key but high quality 3 day event featuring some of the nation's best musicians along with some regional talents. Be there to witness a riot of colourful improvisations from great musicians. A variety of genres, styles, instruments are used although the music revolves around the central theme of Jazz and Blues. Buy You can buy many different souvenirs from Bulgaria, that represents the country. Bulgarian rose tend to be one of the most popular souvenirs from the country. You can buy all kinds of rose stuff — mostly cosmetics from soaps to shampoos, gels, oils, and perfumes. Cutlery made of wood or clay might also be worthwhile to look for. Or perhaps you might be looking for a painting or even a musical instrument? Many great antique shops that have things from the Russo-Turkish War up to World War 2 Eat Generally speaking eating in Plovdiv should be cheap for the westerner's pocket. Fast food is available and of high quality (in general). There are McDonalds, KFC, Kastello, Verde and other popular restaurants. Budget The cheapest fast food could cost as little 0.50-1.00lv to 2-3lv and can be found along the main street. There are plenty of such places offering pizza, traditional food, and kebabs. Mid-range There are some low-end restaurants that will be fairly affordable pay attention to the menu and think about 10-15lv for a full meal (salad, main course, dessert, drink(s)). Splurge Paying more will probably get you a slightly better food than the options above but most of the cost will definitely go towards the overall experience. The priciest places are located in the old town, on top of the hill. Expect to pay a bit more say 20-30lv and above. There are also a few restaurants outside the center. Drink Club Zanzibar is the ideal place to drink in Plovdiv. It contains a stylish African interior Cocktail Bar which offers the best drinks in the city and at night time offers the largest nightclub in all of Plovdiv. Sleep Budget * WikiPedia:Plovdiv Dmoz:Regional Europe Bulgaria Localities Plovdiv Commons:Category:Plovdiv
. It is popular among the citizens and guests of Plovdiv who use it for jogging, walking and relaxation. Plovdiv Stadium has 55,000 seats which makes it the largest football venue in Bulgaria. WikiPedia:Plovdiv Dmoz:Regional Europe Bulgaria Localities Plovdiv Commons:Category:Plovdiv
'''Plovdiv''' ( as well as the second-largest city in the historical international region of Thrace after Istanbul. It is the tenth-largest city (Balkans#Cities) in the Balkans after Istanbul, Athens, Bucharest, Belgrade, Sofia, Thessaloniki, Zagreb, Skopje, and Tirana.
Plovdiv's history spans 6,000 years, with traces of a Neolithic settlement dating to roughly 4000 BC, Plovdiv was originally a Thracian (Thracians) city before later becoming a Greek (Macedonian (ancient kingdom)) city, and then a major Roman (Ancient Rome) city. In the Middle Ages, it retained its strategic regional importance, changing hands between the Byzantine (Byzantine Empire) and Bulgarian Empires. It came under Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) rule in the 14th century. On 4 January 1878, Plovdiv was “liberated” from Ottoman rule by the Russian (Russian Empire) army. It remained within the borders of Bulgaria until July of the same year, when it became the capital of the autonomous Ottoman region of Eastern Rumelia. In 1885, Plovdiv and Eastern Rumelia itself became part of Bulgaria.
Plovdiv is situated in south-central Bulgaria on the two banks of the Maritsa River. The city has historically developed on seven syenite hills, some of which are high. Because of these hills, Plovdiv is often referred to in Bulgaria as "The City of the Seven Hills".
Plòvdiv is host to cultural events such as the International Fair Plovdiv, the international theatrical festival "A stage on a crossroad", and the TV festival "The golden chest". There are many remains preserved from antiquity (classical antiquity) such as the ancient Plovdiv Roman theatre, Roman odeon, Roman Stadium (Plovdiv Roman Stadium), the archaeological complex Eirene, and others.
The oldest American educational institution outside the United States was founded in Plovdiv in 1860, which was later moved to Sofia – today's American College of Sofia.
On 5 September 2014, Plovdiv was selected as the Bulgarian host of the European Capital of Culture 2019.