Plovdiv

What is Plovdiv known for?


bulgaria'

of Plovdiv image_shield Plovdiv-coat-of-arms.svg 20px right Coat of arms of Plovdiv pushpin_map Bulgaria mapsize map_caption Location of Plovdiv in Bulgaria coordinates_region BG subdivision_type Country subdivision_type1 Province (Provinces of Bulgaria) subdivision_type2 Municipalities (Municipalities of Bulgaria) subdivision_name subdivision_name1 Plòvdiv (Plovdiv Province) subdivision_name2

Plovdiv-city leader_title Mayor (List of mayors of Plovdiv) leader_name Ivan Totev (GERB (Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria)) established_title Established established_date 4000 BC area_magnitude area_total_km2 101.98 population_as_of 2013 census population_note population_blank1_title City population_blank1 341,041 population_density_km2 3316 population_blank2_title

www.plovdiv.bg footnotes '''Plovdiv''' ( <


construction style

for its Bulgarian Renaissance architectural style. The Old Town covers the area of the three central hills (Трихълмие, ''Trihalmie''): Nebet Tepe, Dzhambaz Tepe and Taksim Tepe. Almost every house in the Old Town has its characteristic exterior and interior decoration. Churches, mosques and temples There are a number of 19th-century churches, most of which follow the distinctive Eastern Orthodox construction style. They are the Saint Constantine and Saint Helena, the Saint Marina, the Saint Nedelya, the Saint Petka and the Holy Mother of God Churches. There are Roman Catholic cathedrals in Plovdiv, the largest of them being the Cathedral of St Louis (Cathedral of St Louis, Plovdiv). There are several more modern Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian, and other Protestant churches, as well as older style Apostolic (Armenian Apostolic) churches. Two mosques remain in Plovdiv from the time of the Ottoman rule. The Djumaya Mosque is considered the oldest European mosque outside Moorish Spain. The Sephardic Plovdiv Synagogue is at Tsar Kaloyan Street 13, in the remnants of a small courtyard in what was once a large Jewish quarter. Dating to the 19th century, it is one of the best-preserved examples of the so-called "Ottoman-style" synagogues in the Balkans. According to author Ruth E. Gruber, the interior of the Plovdiv Synagogue is a "hidden treasure…a glorious, if run-down, burst of color." An exquisite Venetian glass chandelier hangs from the center of the ceiling, which has a richly painted dome. All surfaces are covered in elaborate, Moorish-style, geometric designs in once-bright greens and blues. Torah scrolls are kept in the gilded Aron-ha-Kodesh. WikiPedia:Plovdiv Dmoz:Regional Europe Bulgaria Localities Plovdiv Commons:Category:Plovdiv


world team

took a team bronze in the Novi Sad Olympiad of 1990 (29th Chess Olympiad), and led England to fourth place finishes in both 1994 (31st Chess Olympiad) and 1996 (32nd Chess Olympiad). He led the English team to victory in the 1997 Euroteams at Pula, and was a member of the bronze winning team in 1992, and of fourth place teams in 1983 and 2001. He was a member of three English teams in the World Team Championships of 1985 (team bronze), 1989 (team bronze), and 1997 (team fourth). His complete log when representing England in major team events follows. In the sixteenth and the seventeenth centuries, missionaries from Rome converted Bulgarian Paulicians in the districts of Plovdiv and Svishtov to Roman Catholicism. WikiPedia:Plovdiv Dmoz:Regional Europe Bulgaria Localities Plovdiv Commons:Category:Plovdiv


fiction book

route, in great part following that of Godfrey of Bouillon. It was well documented by television and newspapers in Belgrade and Nis, Serbia, Sofia and Plovdiv, Bulgaria and Alanya, Turkey, among others. A non-fiction book recounting his journey, ''Along the Templar Trail'', was published by Pilgrim's Tales in 2008. At its release, Arun Gandhi, president of the M.K. Gandhi Institute for Nonviolence, Univ. of Rochester, NY (Rochester, New York) called


bulgaria

of Plovdiv image_shield Plovdiv-coat-of-arms.svg 20px right Coat of arms of Plovdiv pushpin_map Bulgaria mapsize map_caption Location of Plovdiv in Bulgaria coordinates_region BG subdivision_type Country subdivision_type1 Province (Provinces of Bulgaria) subdivision_type2 Municipalities (Municipalities of Bulgaria) subdivision_name subdivision_name1 Plòvdiv (Plovdiv Province) subdivision_name2

Plovdiv-city leader_title Mayor (List of mayors of Plovdiv) leader_name Ivan Totev (GERB (Citizens for European Development of Bulgaria)) established_title Established established_date 4000 BC area_magnitude area_total_km2 101.98 population_as_of 2013 census population_note population_blank1_title City population_blank1 341,041 population_density_km2 3316 population_blank2_title

www.plovdiv.bg footnotes '''Plovdiv''' ( <


years modern

Bulgarian isbn 954-9942-32-5 year 2002 author avtori Evgeni Dinchev ... et al. The city had originally developed to the south of Maritsa, and expanded across the river only within the last 100 years. Modern Plovdiv covers an area of , which is less than 0.1% of Bulgaria's total area. This makes Plovdiv the the most densely populated city in the country with 3,769 inhabitants per km². Inside the city proper are six syenite hills, called ''tepeta


band made

Coat of arms of Kuklen '''Kuklen''' ( had a population of 6,877. In April 2005 the band made a tour through Bulgaria, playing in eight towns - Sofia, Burgas


team events

complete log when representing England in major team events follows. In the sixteenth and the seventeenth centuries, missionaries from Rome converted Bulgarian Paulicians in the districts of Plovdiv and Svishtov to Roman Catholicism. WikiPedia:Plovdiv Dmoz:Regional Europe Bulgaria Localities Plovdiv Commons:Category:Plovdiv


cherries

are fruit (apples, plums, pears, cherries), grapes, melons and watermelons, vegetables (tomatoes, peppers, carrots, cabbage, potatoes), wheat, rice, barley and others. Industry is very well developed: ferrous metallurgy near Plovdiv; thriving electronics industry in Plovdiv, Saedinenie, Voivodinovo, Radinovo and other villages in the area; agricultural machinery (tractors) in Karlovo, weapon and military plants in Sopot (Sopot, Bulgaria), Karlovo, Plovdiv

and efficient with high levels of irrigation. The major crops are fruit (apples, plums, pears, cherries), grapes, melons and watermelons, vegetables (tomatoes, peppers, carrots, cabbage, potatoes), wheat, rice, barley and others. Industry is very well developed: ferrous metallurgy near Plovdiv; thriving electronics industry in Plovdiv, Saedinenie, Voivodinovo, Radinovo and other villages in the area; agricultural machinery (tractors) in Karlovo, weapon and military plants in Sopot

. The agricultural production is intensive and efficient with high levels of irrigation. The major crops are fruit (apples, plums, pears, cherries), grapes, melons and watermelons, vegetables (tomatoes, peppers, carrots, cabbage, potatoes), wheat, rice, barley and others. Industry is very well developed: ferrous metallurgy near Plovdiv; thriving electronics industry in Plovdiv, Saedinenie, Voivodinovo, Radinovo and other villages in the area; agricultural machinery (tractors


athletic games

the reign of the Roman (Roman Empire) Emperor Hadrian. It is situated between Sahat Tepe and Taksim Tepe, nowadays – beneath the main street from Dzhumaya Square to Kamenitsa Square. It was modeled after the stadium in Delphi. It was approximately 240 meters long and 50 meters wide, and could seat up to 30 000 spectators. The athletic games at the stadium were organised by the General Assembly of the province of Thrace. In their honour the royal mint of Philippopolis coined money featuring the face of the ruling emperor as well as the types of athletic events held in the stadium. Only a small part of the northern section with 14 seat rows can be seen today; the larger part lies under the main street and a number of buildings. The Roman forum dates from the reign of Vespasian in the 1st century and was finished in the 2nd century. It is near the modern post office next to the Odeon. It has an area of 11 hectares and was surrounded by shops and public buildings. The forum was a focal point of the streets of the ancient city. The Eirene Archaeological complex is in the southern part of the Three Hills on the northern part of an ancient street in the Arheologicheski underpass. It includes remains of a public building from the 3rd–4th centuries which belonged to a noble citizen. Eirene is the Christian name for Penelopa – a maiden from Megadon who was converted to Christianity in the 2nd century. There are colourful mosaics which have geometrical forms and figures. Eirene Archaeological complex. On Nebet Tepe are remains of the first settlement on the Three Hills which in 12th-century BC grew to the Thracian (Thrace) city of Eumolpias, one of the first cities in Southeastern Europe. Massive walls surrounding a temple and a palace have been excavated. The oldest part of the fortress was constructed from large syenite blocks – the so-called "cyclopean construction". Museums and protected sites The Archaeological Museum was established in 1882 as a People's Museum of Eastern Rumelia. Archaeological Museum Plovdiv WikiPedia:Plovdiv Dmoz:Regional Europe Bulgaria Localities Plovdiv Commons:Category:Plovdiv

Plovdiv

'''Plovdiv''' ( as well as the second-largest city in the historical international region of Thrace after Istanbul. It is the tenth-largest city (Balkans#Cities) in the Balkans after Istanbul, Athens, Bucharest, Belgrade, Sofia, Thessaloniki, Zagreb, Skopje, and Tirana.

Plovdiv's history spans 6,000 years, with traces of a Neolithic settlement dating to roughly 4000 BC, Plovdiv was originally a Thracian (Thracians) city before later becoming a Greek (Macedonian (ancient kingdom)) city, and then a major Roman (Ancient Rome) city. In the Middle Ages, it retained its strategic regional importance, changing hands between the Byzantine (Byzantine Empire) and Bulgarian Empires. It came under Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) rule in the 14th century. On 4 January 1878, Plovdiv was “liberated” from Ottoman rule by the Russian (Russian Empire) army. It remained within the borders of Bulgaria until July of the same year, when it became the capital of the autonomous Ottoman region of Eastern Rumelia. In 1885, Plovdiv and Eastern Rumelia itself became part of Bulgaria.

Plovdiv is situated in south-central Bulgaria on the two banks of the Maritsa River. The city has historically developed on seven syenite hills, some of which are high. Because of these hills, Plovdiv is often referred to in Bulgaria as "The City of the Seven Hills".

Plòvdiv is host to cultural events such as the International Fair Plovdiv, the international theatrical festival "A stage on a crossroad", and the TV festival "The golden chest". There are many remains preserved from antiquity (classical antiquity) such as the ancient Plovdiv Roman theatre, Roman odeon, Roman Stadium (Plovdiv Roman Stadium), the archaeological complex Eirene, and others.

The oldest American educational institution outside the United States was founded in Plovdiv in 1860, which was later moved to Sofia – today's American College of Sofia.

On 5 September 2014, Plovdiv was selected as the Bulgarian host of the European Capital of Culture 2019.

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