Phonsavan

What is Phonsavan known for?


small+hot

is locally run; if the door is locked ask the villagers to open and visit the centre. Tai Dam are well known producers of fine quality silk and cotton fabrics which can be purchased directly by the manufacturers in the village or at Kham Handicraft Group Centre. ''' Xang village''' is located near a small hot spring. An ideal spot for a small break. Across the river Phuan women demonstrate their weaving. '''Ban Phakeo Trekking''' is becoming more and more popular (most travel agents in Phonsavan are offering tours now). Phakeo village is a remote Hmong village located on the upper slopes of the mountains and can only be reached by walking with a guide. The small farming community with 20 households has retained a high degree of traditional customs and living. The Provincial Tourism Department assisted the villagers with offering a community based overnight stay. Transportation Lao Airlines offers six flights a week in peak season and four flights in low season. Coming from Vinh or Hanoi in Vietnam visas are available on arrival at the Nam Ka border, which is open daily from 6:00 – 18:00. The bus from Vinh leaves four days a week and takes 12 hours, form Hanoi there is one bus per week. If you are travelling from Vientiane you can either take VIP buses or local buses. The buses leave from the northern bus terminal and take about 10–12 hours. Note: The roads are paved but there are plenty of serpentines. The bus trip from Vang Vieng takes 7–8 hours. Buses run daily from Luang Prabang via Route 13 and 7 and take 8 hours. Driving your own car (approx. 260 km) will take 5 hours with stops along the way. There is no gas till you are 45 km from Phonsavan, You could also hire a minivan in either Luang Prabang or Vientiane. References For more information visit the Lao National Tourism Organisation homepage http: www.tourismlaos.org or the Asian Development homepage about ecotourism in Laos http: www.ecotourismlaos.com left 260px left 260px (File:4.1.75.PhonAnsicht.jpg) Wikipedia:Phonsavan Commons:Category:Phonsavan


family business

Natural Silk Dying The local fresh food market is an excellent place to sample the variety of unique food that Xieng Khouang has to offer. The cool climate and high altitude of the province produces many food items and forest products that are not available in other parts of Laos, e.g. mushrooms, peaches, plums and passion fruit. Some people also sell exotic meats, such as bamboo rats or pheasants. The Navang Craft Centre is famous for woodcarving. This family business produces

for woodcarving. This family business produces crafts made from scented long leng wood (Fujian cypress), a rare wood. You can watch the carvers work and buy souvenirs. Eat Phonsavan has a surprisingly broad offering of food for a provincial town its size. There are about 32 proper restaurants and many pho (noodle) soup shops. You can easily find Chinese, Vietnamese and Lao restaurants, but here are some special places: *


including top

''' celebrations in December, starting from the 15th day of the ascending moon, are accompanied by numerous activities including top-spinning competitions, dances, songs, and bull fights. It is one of the main occasions used for finding a wife or a husband. The young men and women toss the makkono, a small fabric ball as part of a charming courting ritual. The throwing of the ball can go on for hours. During the festivities the Hmong women wear their traditional dresses which are adorned


unique food

Natural Silk Dying The local fresh food market is an excellent place to sample the variety of unique food that Xieng Khouang has to offer. The cool climate and high altitude of the province produces many food items and forest products that are not available in other parts of Laos, e.g. mushrooms, peaches, plums and passion fruit. Some people also sell exotic meats, such as bamboo rats or pheasants. The Navang Craft Centre is famous for woodcarving. This family business


ta

and a medicine depot. Evidence can still be seen. Besides its war history the illuminated residential cave is worth visiting to see its natural beauty. The Hmong community of Ban Ta takes care off the caves and offers a local tour guide service. Directions: The caves are 36 km northwest of Phonsavan. Take Route 7, pass Nong Pet, then in Nam Ka village turn left into a dirt road; follow the signs to Tham Xang until you reach Ban Ta. Image:UXO Architecture 1.JPG Today

Tham Xang Caves alt url email address lat long directions 36 km NW of Phonsavan. Take Rte 7, pass Nong Pet. In Nam Ka village turn left onto a dirt road. Follow the signs to Tham Xang until you reach Ban Ta phone fax hours price content In a scenic karst area, the caves were used by the revolutionary fighters. Inside the cave complex they set up a hospital, an arsenal, and a medical depot. Evidence can still be seen. Besides its war history, the illuminated

residential cave is worth visiting to see its natural beauty. The Hmong community of Ban Ta takes care of the caves and offers a local tour service. Nature Xieng Khouang is widely known for the Plain of Jars, but beyond its jars is the natural beauty of the province. Xieng Khouang’s scenery is characterised by the highest mountains in the country (Mount Phou Bia), its pine forests, deciduous woodlands, rolling hills, and grasslands. In the cold season the green hills of the Plain


intense fighting

market" worth a visit. Indochina War sites Evidence of the intense fighting can be seen in the cratered landscape in war relics such as bomb shells, tanks and military positions. The resourceful locals refashion war scrap into items for everyday use, e.g. spoons in Ban Napia village, vegetable planters, fences, tools, pumps and barbecue fireplaces. The extent of the bombardment is in particular evident at '''Ban Khai''', 36 km northeast of Phonsavan and Plain of Jars sites 1 and 3; here the '''landscape is pockmarked with craters'''. Driving north along Route 7 plenty of creatively modified war scrap used in local architecture catches your eye. In Tajok, a Hmong village along Route 7 (30 km northeast of Phonsavan), you can discover lots of bomb casings reused as barn pillars, fences and for other uses. ''' Craters at Ban Khai''' The landscape around Khai village is pockmarked with craters and shows the impact of the immense aerial bombardment during the Second Indochina War. The wreck of a ''' Russian Tank''' can be found off Route 7 on the way to Ban Mixay- The mulberry umbrella village. '''Caves – Refuges for thousands of people''' During the war thousands of local residents took shelter in caves and set up hospitals and schools; the army used the caves as well to store weapons and medical supplies. Two major caves are open to the public: '''Tham Piu Cave''' is located 6 km north of Muang Kham. It is one of the tragedies of the so-called Secret War. In 1969 a single rocket fired from an aircraft caused the death of an estimated 374 people who had taken refuge in the cave. Their bones are still buried in the rubble. Directions: Take Route 5 towards Nam Nguen and turn left 3 km from Muang Kham; the paved road ends at the cave. The '''Tham Xang Caves''' are located in a scenic karst area, the caves were used by the revolutionary fighters. Inside the cave complex they set up a hospital, an arsenal and a medicine depot. Evidence can still be seen. Besides its war history the illuminated residential cave is worth visiting to see its natural beauty. The Hmong community of Ban Ta takes care off the caves and offers a local tour guide service. Directions: The caves are 36 km northwest of Phonsavan. Take Route 7, pass Nong Pet, then in Nam Ka village turn left into a dirt road; follow the signs to Tham Xang until you reach Ban Ta. Image:UXO Architecture 1.JPG Today bombs are reused creatively Image:RussianTank.jpg The wreck of a Russian tank Handicrafts An old tradition in '''Ban Mixay''' village, Phoukoud district, is the '''making of mulberry paper umbrellas''', but only a few people still know how to make the ‘Khan nyu’. The umbrellas were originally made by monks or novices at Buddhist temples and served as gifts to those who came to visit them. Nowadays they are sold in many colors and sizes at the local markets. The spokes of the umbrella frame are made from ‘mai hok’ and the struts from ‘mai pong’ or ‘mai louang’ bamboo, For the center piece, which is of particular importance, ‘mai sombao’ is used. The paper is made from the mulberry tree, but not the type used for silk production. The outer pulp of the tree is pounded and mixed with water. Then the paste is poured into the frame and the fibers are separated until they are evenly distributed. The frame is set out to dry in the sun. The dried paper is cut and glued to the spokes. The glue is made from the fruit of the wild persimmon tree. The paper is dyed with natural dyes; sesame oil e.g. produces a white color and the roots of the ‘mak bao’ plant are used for red umbrellas. ''' Ban Napia village'''. Since the late 1980s the people of this cultural village produce '''spoons made of aluminum scrap of the Indochina Wars'''. Visiting the village you can learn about the spoon making process and also gain insights into Phuan culture. The village also produces hand-woven textiles and a good 'lao-lao' schnapps. Overnight stays with excellent food is available. You can book treks from Ban Napia to Ban Nam Kha at travel agents in Phonsavan. This is a project run by Helvetas of Switzerland to help improving the livelihoods of the villagers. ''' Ban Xieng Khio village''' Tai Dam villages can be found in the upland valley of Kham. The '''Tai Dam Cultural Centre''' showcases the cultural tradition and customs of this minority group. The centre is locally run; if the door is locked ask the villagers to open and visit the centre. Tai Dam are well known producers of fine quality silk and cotton fabrics which can be purchased directly by the manufacturers in the village or at Kham Handicraft Group Centre. ''' Xang village''' is located near a small hot spring. An ideal spot for a small break. Across the river Phuan women demonstrate their weaving. '''Ban Phakeo Trekking''' is becoming more and more popular (most travel agents in Phonsavan are offering tours now). Phakeo village is a remote Hmong village located on the upper slopes of the mountains and can only be reached by walking with a guide. The small farming community with 20 households has retained a high degree of traditional customs and living. The Provincial Tourism Department assisted the villagers with offering a community based overnight stay. Transportation Lao Airlines offers six flights a week in peak season and four flights in low season. Coming from Vinh or Hanoi in Vietnam visas are available on arrival at the Nam Ka border, which is open daily from 6:00 – 18:00. The bus from Vinh leaves four days a week and takes 12 hours, form Hanoi there is one bus per week. If you are travelling from Vientiane you can either take VIP buses or local buses. The buses leave from the northern bus terminal and take about 10–12 hours. Note: The roads are paved but there are plenty of serpentines. The bus trip from Vang Vieng takes 7–8 hours. Buses run daily from Luang Prabang via Route 13 and 7 and take 8 hours. Driving your own car (approx. 260 km) will take 5 hours with stops along the way. There is no gas till you are 45 km from Phonsavan, You could also hire a minivan in either Luang Prabang or Vientiane. References For more information visit the Lao National Tourism Organisation homepage http: www.tourismlaos.org or the Asian Development homepage about ecotourism in Laos http: www.ecotourismlaos.com left 260px left 260px (File:4.1.75.PhonAnsicht.jpg) Wikipedia:Phonsavan Commons:Category:Phonsavan


intense

and intense aerial bombardment due to its strategic importance. The provinces of Houaphan and Xiangkhoang (Xiangkhouang Province) had been the stronghold of Pathet Lao forces and their Vietnamese allies. The heavy aerial bombardments to neutralize those forces or to drop off unused ordnance after returning from missions in Vietnam turned the Kingdom of Laos into the most heavily bombed nation in world history. Ethnic groups Xiangkhouang is home to five different ethnic groups

market" worth a visit. Indochina War sites Evidence of the intense fighting can be seen in the cratered landscape in war relics such as bomb shells, tanks and military positions. The resourceful locals refashion war scrap into items for everyday use, e.g. spoons in Ban Napia village, vegetable planters, fences, tools, pumps and barbecue fireplaces. The extent of the bombardment is in particular evident at '''Ban Khai''', 36 km northeast of Phonsavan and Plain

, Xieng Khouang was the scene of extensive ground battles and intense aerial bombardment due to its perceived strategic importance. The provinces of Houaphan and Xieng Khouang had been the stronghold of Pathet Lao forces and their Vietnamese allies. The heavy aerial carpet bombardments to neutralize those forces or to drop off unused ordnance after returning from missions in Vietnam turned the Plain of Jars quite literally into the Plain of Scars and the most heavily bombarded area worldwide


significant construction

is a major economic factor in the province by sending high amounts of remittances fuelling significant construction activity. personal communication with people in Phonsavan. The high density of Western Union and Moneygram outlets even in small villages is another indicator The Hmong present 6-10% of the total population of Laos and remain most numerous and concentrated in the east of Xiangkhouang. In the province the White Hmong, the Striped Hmong, and the Green Hmong can


natural beauty

title Laos' Plain of Jars: It's a mystery, plain and simple date 2 Aug 2009 The main economic activity in Phonsavan is based on government administration, mining companies from China and Australia, tourism, and the work of NGOs related to clearing unexploded ordnance (UXO). Nature and scenery Xiangkhouang is widely known for the Plain of Jars, but beyond its jars the natural beauty of the province is waiting to be discovered. The province has a pleasant climate all year around with warm or hot days and cold nights. Xiangkhouang's scenery is characterized by the highest mountains in the country (Mount Phou Bia), its pine forests, deciduous woodlands, rolling hills, and grasslands. In the cold season the green hills of the Plain of Jars turn reddish brown giving it a touch of the "wild west" with yellow sunflowers and pointsetta in full bloom. Nam Ngum, the largest river in the province, originates from the mountains in Paek District and is one of the major tributaries of the Muangkhoun . Nong Het and Phaxay District in particular offer stunning karst scenery with plenty of caves, cliffs, underground rivers and waterfalls. The area is particularly beautiful during peach and orchid tree blossom in February. In December, the hills are full of yellow sunflowers. Xiengkhouang Province has many things to visit. The most popular site is the Plain of Jars which has more than 58 sites, although now there are just 7 sites open to the public. Some other things you can visit today are a waterfall, and Piew cave where 374 people hid but all died from American bombing. Climate Phonsavan has humid subtropical climate (Köppen (Köppen climate classification) ''Cwa'') tempered by its high elevation (1,100 m). The city has long, warm, wet summers and short, dry winters. Average June temperature is 23.6 °C, average December (the coldest month) temperature is 14.8 °C. Wikipedia:Phonsavan Commons:Category:Phonsavan


life+association

article7036794.ece website The Times first Sadie last Gray Next door is the '''UXO Survivor Information Centre''' run by the Xiengkhouang Quality of Life Association, a Lao non-profit-association (NGO) that is supported by various http: maic.jmu.edu journal 13.1 feature Bruinooge bruinooge.htm international foundations and donations from visitors. There is a comic exhibition about how people deal with a life with "bombs". The QLA helps people

Phonsavan

'''Phonsavan''' (Lao (Lao language): ໂພນສະຫວັນ) (population 37,507) Paek District Office, Statistics Department. Paek District has a population of 70,215. Xiengkhouang Province has 250,000 people. The borders from town to district are not very clear, and Phonsavan administratively is a collection of villages. is the capital of Xiangkhoang Province. The name stands for "hills of paradise".

Phonsavan is the provincial capital of Xiangkhouang Province. The countryside is dominated by green hills and pine forests. Villages consist of colourful wooden houses. Cattle raising is one of the main agricultural activities and Hmong cowboys with brown and violet cowboy hats are a common sight. During Hmong New Year there are bullfights in the city. Phonsavan was built in the late 1970s and replaced the old Xiangkhouang (today: Muang Khoun) which had been destroyed during the Second Indochina War. Phonsavan's most famous attraction is the nearby Plain of Jars, which has been nominated for UNESCO World Heritage status. The main economic activity in Phonsavan is based on government administration, mining companies from China and Australia, tourism, and the work of NGOs related to clearing unexploded ordnance (UXO).

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