Panjakent

What is Panjakent known for?


showing

and Khorasan's region.jpg thumb 300px right Khorasan during the 13th century. Map showing the Muslim world and the Mongolian (Mongols) invasion. -- The older Persia (Persian Empire)n province of Khorasan included parts which are today in Iran, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan. Some of the main historical cities of Persia are located in the older Khorasan: Nishapur and Tus (Tus, Iran) (now in Iran), Merv and Sanjan (now

not be missed. ''Abu Abdullo Rudaki'' was a famous poet of the 10th century. He lived in Panjakent for a while and later became the national hero of Tajikistan. Among the exhibits in the museum are frescoes from the ancient city of Panjakent depicting a banquet, a battle, and daily life scenes; statues of Zoroastrian divinites and a wooden statue of a dancing woman. Apart from showing artifacts and frescoes of the archeological site nearby the city, it also features exhibits from ''Sarazm


main character'

in the area but ends differently with the main character eventually becoming a king. See Matteo Compareti's description of the murals at vitterhetsakad.se '''Penjikent''' is a city in Tajikistan. Substantially closer to Samarkand, Uzbekistan, than to Dushanbe, Penjikent is the old center of the Sogdian Empire. It lies at the entrance to Zeravshan Valley


depicting

structures with a dome on a square foundation on the top. The hall was decorated with woodcarvings in high relief and even with small statues of caryatids and atlantes. The most common motif of the reliefs in the ceiling were arched niches with figures of the gods, including the sun-god in his chariot. The wall paintings on the other three walls were much smaller than the gods facing the main entrance. They formed two or three friezes depicting royal feasts, hunting scenes, the heroic deeds

took its final form in the 5th and 6th centuries. Each household had its own divine protector, but all gods formed part of a single pantheon, as can be seen from wall paintings depicting several deities side by side. The three-headed god of the wind ''Veshparkar'', who resembles Shiva, and the four-handed ''Nana'' riding on a lion or seated on a throne in the shape of a lion can easily be recognized. Altogether, more than 20 deities can be found on small terracotta images, murals, woodcarvings

not be missed. ''Abu Abdullo Rudaki'' was a famous poet of the 10th century. He lived in Panjakent for a while and later became the national hero of Tajikistan. Among the exhibits in the museum are frescoes from the ancient city of Panjakent depicting a banquet, a battle, and daily life scenes; statues of Zoroastrian divinites and a wooden statue of a dancing woman. Apart from showing artifacts and frescoes of the archeological site nearby the city, it also features exhibits from ''Sarazm


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lat long directions phone tollfree fax hours price US$5 content The archaeological site of the ruins of old Penjikent - a walled inter-city which stood 2500-years ago - was once a Sogdian trading city on the Silk Road. Today, only ruins are left owing to the fact that the main construction material was clay-bricks. Often referred to as ''The Pompeii of Central Asia'', it is well worth a visit. Duplicates of old Sogdian art are exposed in the nearby museum. The director will also take you on a tour, which will open your eyes to many interesting details which will normally escape the layman's eye. Ancient Panjakent was divided into a '''shakhrestan (residential quarter)''' covering an area of about 13 hectares, an '''ark (citadel)''' with a palace, covering an area of 1 ha, a '''rabat (suburb pulular district)''' and a '''necropolis'''. The site is huge. Located on the top of a hill, it offers amazings views over the entire valley. The living quarters and fortress were separated by a narrow wadi with a bridge connecting the two parts of the city. Two ''temples'' in the shakhrestan formed the center of the urban area. The two temples contained statues and mural paintings. During the 5th and 6th centuries, no building in Panjakent was as magnificent as the two temples and even the houses of the wealthiest residents seemed rather humble compared to the two temples. The buildings were made of mud bricks and paksha. The '''residential houses''' ranged from single room buildings to large estates, reflecting the social status of their inhabitants. In the 7th and 8th centuries, the hoses of the rich dominated the architecture of the city. At the beginning of the 8th century, the spaces between the houses were converted into passageways and often covered with vaults. The houses of the rich became two-story buildings with vaults over the room on the first floor. All residential houses were covered with wall paintings and woodcarvings. The larger houses consisted of ''halls'' with four columns and benches along the walls. They were the most important part of the houses and served religious purposes. More than a third of the hoses had such ''reception halls''. It is here where the archeologists discovered many exceptional ''mural paintings''. These paintings date from the 5th to the 8th century and are considered the most important works of early medieval art in Central Asia before the arrival of Islam. Most houses had a dark vaulted room for storage and a spiral staircase leading to the living quarters in the second floor. The houses of the well-to-do population usually had a room with a fire altar and a ceremonial hall decorated with wall paintings and wood carvings. In the main hall, there was a ''niche'' up to 4 m widr opposite the entrance with giant images of tutelary gods and small pictures of the praying members of the household. The center of the hall was marked by four wooden columns which supported complex wooden structures with a dome on a square foundation on the top. The hall was decorated with woodcarvings in high relief and even with small statues of caryatids and atlantes. The most common motif of the reliefs in the ceiling were arched niches with figures of the gods, including the sun-god in his chariot. The wall paintings on the other three walls were much smaller than the gods facing the main entrance. They formed two or three friezes depicting royal feasts, hunting scenes, the heroic deeds of ''Rostam'', local heroes, amazons or persons from the Indian epic Mahabarata. The layout of the Sogdian central hall is unique. The decorations show that the Sogdian artist were familiar with the artistic and literary traditions of different cultures, as Persia, Greece and even India. The majority of the population observed some local variation of ''Zoroastrianism'', which is proved by the wide distribution of ossuary funerals and fire-altars. There is, however, some evidence of the presence of Christianity and Buddhism and eventually even of the cult of Shiva. Zoroastrianism was combined with cults of additional gods and goddesses. Not all of these deities were of Iranian origin, as can be seen from the cult of the Mesopotamian goddess Nana. The iconography of these goods can be traced back to the Hellenistic period, e.g. the image of a defeated goddess. It was also influenced by Sasanian ideas of the royal attributes of gods and observed some Hinduistic features as well. The iconography took its final form in the 5th and 6th centuries. Each household had its own divine protector, but all gods formed part of a single pantheon, as can be seen from wall paintings depicting several deities side by side. The three-headed god of the wind ''Veshparkar'', who resembles Shiva, and the four-handed ''Nana'' riding on a lion or seated on a throne in the shape of a lion can easily be recognized. Altogether, more than 20 deities can be found on small terracotta images, murals, woodcarvings and clay figurines. The images of Nana, a god sitting on a throne in the shape of a camel and of a god standing over a fallen demon are most common. * Wikipedia:Panjakent Commons:Category:Panjakent


accurate knowledge

was completely blind (blindness), some early biographers are silent about this or do not mention him as being born blind. His accurate knowledge and description of colors, as evident in his poetry, renders this assertion very doubtful. He was the court poet to the Samanid ruler Nasr II (Nasr II of Samanid) (914–943) in Bukhara, although he eventually fell out of favour; his life ended in poverty. In Panjakent there was found inscribed Sogdian alphabet, so we can suppose alphabetisation


centuries

to the steppe heritage in a campaign which spread from the Tian Shan to the Carpathian Mountains. By around 460, the Uar had taken over much of Central Eurasia from Xinjiang to the Volga River, and founded a capital at the city of Badiyan or Panjakent, near what is now Khujand, though very little is known about the area from the late 5 th to early 6 th centuries. !-- Deleted image removed: File:Muslim Expansions in 13th century

were separated by a narrow wadi with a bridge connecting the two parts of the city. Two ''temples'' in the shakhrestan formed the center of the urban area. The two temples contained statues and mural paintings. During the 5th and 6th centuries, no building in Panjakent was as magnificent as the two temples and even the houses of the wealthiest residents seemed rather humble compared to the two temples. The buildings were made of mud bricks and paksha. The '''residential houses''' ranged

from single room buildings to large estates, reflecting the social status of their inhabitants. In the 7th and 8th centuries, the hoses of the rich dominated the architecture of the city. At the beginning of the 8th century, the spaces between the houses were converted into passageways and often covered with vaults. The houses of the rich became two-story buildings with vaults over the room on the first floor. All residential houses were covered with wall paintings and woodcarvings. The larger


ruins

; ref elevation_m 996 elevation_ft postal_code_type postal_code area_code website footnotes '''Panjakent''' ( ), also spelled '''Panjikent''', '''Panjekent''', '''Panjikant''' or '''Penjikent''', is a city in the Sughd province of Tajikistan on the Zeravshan River, with a population of 33,000 (2000 census). It was once an ancient town in Sogdiana. The ruins of the old town

20090728164550 http: geocities.com panjikent archivedate 2009-07-28 It means five towns (villages). The ethnic and territorial name "Soghd Soghdian" or Sughd Sughdian was mentioned in history as early as the Iranian Achaemenid Dynasty (6th century BCE). The Achaemenids founded several city-states, as well as cities along the ancient Silk road and in the Zarafshan (Zeravshan River) valley. Image:Panjakent-ancient ruins.jpg thumb left 200px Ancient ruins, near

ancient ruins of the old city, particularly the city architecture and works of art remain today. thumb right The Rudaki Tomb of Panjakent (File:Rudaki Tomb in Panjkent-after restored.jpg) According to Arab geographers, Panjakent in the 10th century had a formal Friday mosque that distinguished the place as a town from a village. It was the easternmost city of Soghd, and became well known for its walnuts.


offering community

: Zeravshan Tourism Development Association - A network of small providers offering Community Based Tourism products with special emphasis on cultural and ecological sustainability. Supported by international development organisations. Excellent for arranging custom made tours and accommodation for the individual and group traveller. http: www.ztda-tourism.tj Pamir-Travel, one of the biggest and most experienced operators in Penjikent. http: www.travel-pamir.com (Nematov Niyozgul, Rudaki 22 16


development association

: Zeravshan Tourism Development Association - A network of small providers offering Community Based Tourism products with special emphasis on cultural and ecological sustainability. Supported by international development organisations. Excellent for arranging custom made tours and accommodation for the individual and group traveller. http: www.ztda-tourism.tj Pamir-Travel, one of the biggest and most experienced operators in Penjikent. http: www.travel-pamir.com (Nematov Niyozgul, Rudaki 22 16


illustrating

'', a neolithic site a few kilometers further west. There excavators found proof human settlement as old as 5500 years and - most notably - the richly decorated remains of a young woman referred to as the ''princess of Sarazm''. The museum has 8 halls. The ''first hall'' is devoted to the history and culture of ancient ''Sarazm'' with exhibits illustrating the beginnings of farming and city building in the area. The ''second hall'' shows findings from Panjakent from the 5th to 8th cent AD. In the ''third

Panjakent

'''Panjakent''' ( ), also spelled '''Panjikent''', '''Panjekent''', '''Panjikant''' or '''Penjikent''', is a city in the Sughd province of Tajikistan on the Zeravshan River, with a population of 33,000 (2000 census). It was once an ancient town in Sogdiana. The ruins of the old town are on the outskirts of the modern city. The Sarazm Important Bird Area lies downstream of the city on the tugay-vegetated floodplain of the river.

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