Panama

What is Panama known for?


year participation

(industrialist) Ángel Ramos . On January 11, 1965, the group began a seven-year participation in the televised part of the ''Sultana Festival'', a show produced by Paquito Cordero. Lara and ''Los Hispanos'' travelled and performed in the United States, the Dominican Republic, Panama, Peru, Venezuela and Chile. Lara enrolled in the Music Conservatory of Puerto Rico and in 1970 earned his Bachelors degree, specializing in trumpet-playing. He formed a duo with Maria Esther Ortiz called ''Los Dos'' and also founded the ''Allegro 72'' group, which, among others, included Luis Antonio Cosme. Lara performed with ''Allegro 72'' at Carnegie Hall, New York and at various television stations. Some members of ''Allegro 72'' who went on to gain fame were Lunna, Angel "Cuco" Peña and Alyce Gracia. The '''Naso''' or '''Teribe people''' (also '''Tjër Di''') are an indigenous people of Panama and Costa Rica. They primarily live in northwest Panama in the Bocas del Toro Province. There are roughly 3,500 people who belong to the Naso tribe. It is one of the few native American indigenous groups (Indigenous peoples of the Americas) or tribes that continues to have a monarchy. José Prudencio Padilla (Riohacha, Colombia, March 19, 1784 - Bogotá, Colombia, October 2, 1828) hero of the independence of Gran Colombia (present-day Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama). He was the foremost naval hero of the campaign for independence led by Simón Bolívar, the creator of the first Navy and Admiral of Great Colombia. Despite this relative decline in trade, Japan's direct investment in the region continued to grow quickly, reaching US$31.6 billion in 1988, or 16.9 percent of Japan's total foreign direct investment. This share was only slightly below that of 1975 (18.1 percent) and was almost equal to the share in Asian countries. However, over US$11 billion of this investment was in Panama—mainly for Panamanian-flag shipping, which does not represent true investment in the country. The Bahamas also attracted US$1.9 billion in investment, mainly from Japanese financial institutions but also in arrangements to secure favorable tax treatment rather than real investments. Brazil absorbed US$5 billion in Japanese direct investment, Mexico absorbed US$1.6 billion, and other Latin American countries absorbed amounts below US$1 billion in the late 1980s. But the problem with accepting the claim of any one state to have its law apply is that the result may be somewhat arbitrary. So, in the example given, if neither driver had a residence in the state, and the cars were both maintained outside the state, the laws of other states may have an equal or better claim to apply. The advantage of the ''proper law'' approach is that it builds in flexibility rather than offering a mechanical rule. Suppose that there is a contract between an Italian (Italy) company (company (law)) and an English (English law) partnership for the sale of goods made in Greece to be shipped from Belgium on a ship flying the flag of Panama to a Swedish (Sweden) port. Adopting a rule such as the ''lex loci contractus'', i.e. apply the law of the place where the contract was made, might actually select a law having no other connection with the substance of the bargain made by the parties. Similarly, picking the ''lex loci solutionis'', i.e. the law of the place where the contract is to be performed, may prove to be equally irrelevant, assuming that there is only one place where performance is to occur: in the example, there is manufacture in Greece, delivery to Belgium, loading in Belgium, carriage on the high seas, and unloading in Sweden. So, if the contract does not make an express selection of the law to apply (see choice of law clause), the parties are deemed to have chosen to be bound by the law with which the contract has the closest and most real connection. Grupo Elektra owns more than 1,000 stores in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and Peru. The stores owned by this group offer in-store credit to consumers in Mexico and Central America and financial services through Banco Azteca in Mexico, Panama and Brazil. Africa was the location of US$ (United States Dollar)4.6 billion or 2.5% of Japanese foreign direct investment in 1988, of which most (US$3.6 billion) was in Liberia. As in Panama, this investment was mainly in the form of flag of convenience shipping. 1853 - United States of America, Panama, returning to St. Ptersburg via Hamburg, Kiel and Copenhagen Lefèvre was born George Edwin Henry Lefèvre on 23 January 1871 in Colón (Colón, Panama), Colombia (now Republic of Panama), the son of Henry Lefèvre (1841–1899), who was for many years the general agent of the Pacific Steamship Company American for Panama; he was born in the Jersey in the Channel Islands and emigrated to the United States in his youth. Mr. Lefèvre sent his son Edwin to the United States when he was a boy and he was educated at Lehigh University where he received training as a mining engineer. However, at the age of nineteen, he began his career as a journalist and eventually became a stockbroker, as well. Following his father's death, he inherited some wealth and became an independent investor; and while living in Hartsdale, New York a collection of Edwin Lefèvre's short stories were published (1901) under the title "''Wall Street Stories''." This was followed by several novels about money and finance until 1908 when Lefèvre and his wife Martha and their children moved to a country estate in East Dorset (East Dorset, Vermont), Vermont. It has been claimed that during the 1909-1913 presidency of William Howard Taft, Edwin Lefèvre served as ambassador to a number of countries including Italy, Spain, and France; but this should be verified with the State Department, as other men's names are listed on official websites as holding these posts under Taft. Lefevre did work as a broker on Wall Street and was the financial writer for the New York Sun newspaper. He later returned to his home in Vermont where he resumed his literary work, providing short stories for magazines such as ''The Saturday Evening Post'' and writing novels. File:Región Darién.png thumb The Gulf of Darién (


radio debut

maiden voyage, breaking the transatlantic speed record (Blue Riband) to become the fastest passenger ship in the world. *1953 – Ernesto "Che" Guevara (Che Guevara) sets out on a trip (Che Guevara#Guatemala, Arbenz and United Fruit) through Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador. *1954 – Elvis Presley made his radio debut when WHBQ Memphis played his first recording for Sun Records


leading brand

"Tipp-Ex" is used in Europe. Twink is the leading brand, and colloquial term, for correction fluid in New Zealand. In the English-speaking Caribbean the term "White-paper paste" is used. In India the name "White Ink" is used by the student community. . In Panama "Liquid Paper" (pronounced ''LEE-keed paper'' without a rolled R (Alveolar trill)) is the colloquial term and it is used the vast majority of times


characteristic feature

. The Kuna Indians of Panama use plantains. A characteristic feature of the beverage is that the starting material is cooked, chewed, and re-cooked prior to fermentation. As in the making of ''chicha'', enzymes from the saliva of the ''cauim'' maker breakdown the starches into fermentable sugars. ''Peristeria elata'' is the national flower of Panama and is extremely over-collected in its native habitat. This over collection has led to its status as a species threatened with extinction delineated in Appendix I of CITES. In its native habitat, Peristeria can usually be found growing near the edge of hardwood forests. In the fall, after the trees in the hardwood forest lose their leaves, the plants are exposed to full sun throughout the cool, dry winter. Species in this genus are either epiphytic (epiphyte) or terrestrial in growth habit. *1981 Major League Baseball strike: In New York, federal mediator Kenneth Moffett announced that the major league owners and players had agreed to end the strike. The All-Star game, set for August 9 in Cleveland, would mark the return of baseball, and regularly scheduled games would resume on August 10. "Baseball Pact Reached", ''Pittsburgh Press'', July 31, 1981, p1 *'''Died:''' General Omar Torrijos, 52, military leader of Panama, and head of state from 1972-1978. Torrijos and six other people had taken off from Penonomé (Penonomé, Coclé) in a storm, bound for Coclesito, and the plane crashed into the Cerro Julio mountain. "Panama Leader Torrijos Killed In Plane Crash", ''Pittsburgh Press'', August 2, 1981, pA-1 *'''Died:''' Joe Gqabi, African National Congress representative in Zimbabwe, was assassinated as he backed out of his driveway in Harare During the California Gold Rush, the ''Tennessee'' transported "49'ers" to the eastern shores of Panama and Nicaragua to travel to California's Sierra Nevada (Sierra Nevada (U.S.)) mountains. The ''Tennessee'' delivered the last group of "immigrants" volunteering as mercenary soldiers for William Walker (William Walker (filibuster)) in Nicaragua, and, after defeat of Walker's forces, took home hundreds of disconsolate, defeated survivors. Then-Lt. Perry succeeded Lt. Theodorus Mason in April 1885 as Chief Intelligence Officer of the ONI, and he fostered closer ties between the agency and the State Department, as they shared a mutual interest in Panama, Samoa and Hawaii. Distribution and habitat Of the hammerhead sharks, the smooth hammerhead is the species most tolerant of temperate water, and occurs worldwide to higher latitudes than any other species. In the Atlantic, it occurs from Nova Scotia to the Virgin Islands and from Brazil to southern Argentina in the west, and from the British Isles to Côte d'Ivoire, including the Mediterranean Sea, in the east. In the Indian Ocean, it is found off South Africa, India, and Sri Lanka. In the western Pacific, it occurs from the Gulf of Tonkin to southern Japan and Siberia, as well as off Australia and New Zealand. In the central and eastern Pacific, it occurs off the Hawaiian Islands, California, Panama, the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, and Chile. This species is usually considered to be amphitemperate (absent from the tropics) in distribution, though there are rare reports from tropical waters such as in the Gulf of Mannar off India, and off southern Mozambique. Its presence in the tropics is difficult to determine due to confusion with other hammerhead species.


military created

Torrijos 's control, the military regime transformed the political and economic structure of the country by initiating massive coverage of social security services and expanding public education. The constitution was changed in 1972. For the reform to the constitution, the military created a new organization, the Assembly of Corregimiento Representatives, which replaced the National Assembly. The new assembly, also known as the Poder Popular ("Power of the People"), was composed of 505


studies place

of the Americas indigenous population of the isthmus at the time of the European conquest. Estimates range as high as two million people, but more recent studies place that number closer to 200,000. Archaeological finds as well as testimonials by early European explorers describe diverse native isthmian groups exhibiting cultural variety and suggesting people already conditioned by regular regional routes of commerce. When Panama was colonized, the indigenous peoples fled into the forest


building current

, Lebanon, Cambodia and Kazakhstan. It is most commonly used in sparsely populated rural areas, where laying cables is not economically viable, although some companies may also offer MMDS services in urban (Urban area) areas. Political life In 1925, Arias returned to Panama and assumed leadership of the nationalistic organization Patriotic Communal Action. This organization tapped into a building current of discontent in Panama against the considerable influence

the United States exerted on the country. It formed the nucleus of the present-day Panameñista Party. Panama had been, for all intents and purposes, a U.S. (United States) protectorate since gaining independence in 1903. Political life In 1925, Arias returned to Panama and assumed leadership of the nationalistic organization Patriotic Communal Action. This organization tapped into a building current of discontent in Panama against the considerable influence


medical arts

American Registry.'' who was born in Panama. He had a sister named Juana, born three years later in 1581. He grew up in poverty and, when his mother could not support him, Martin was confided to a primary school for two years, and then placed with a surgeon-barber to learn the medical arts. He spent hours of the night in prayer, a practice which increased as he grew older. At the age of 15 he asked for admission to the Dominican Convent of the Rosary in Lima and was received


popular high

. It was from this "Participations and Explorations Corporation" which came the name Partex (now called the "Partex Oil and Gas (Holdings) Corporation" and which is now a subsidiary of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation headquartered in Lisbon). Career In 1989 Vico C finally got his first big break. Rap in Puerto Rico was at a popular high, and Ruben DJ had become extremely popular with his radio hit "La Escuela


good natural

into the Pacific. These Pacific-oriented rivers are longer and slower running than those of the Caribbean side. Their basins are also more extensive. One of the longest is the Río Tuira which flows into the Golfo de San Miguel and is the nation's only river navigable by larger vessels. Harbors right thumbnail Extent of Panama's western EEZ (File:CarteLocal.png) in the Pacific The Caribbean coastline is marked by several good natural harbors. However, Cristóbal, at the Caribbean

Panama

'''Panama''' ( ), is the southernmost country of Central America and the whole of North America.

Situated on the isthmus connecting North and South America, it is bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metro area is home to nearly half of the country's 3.6 million people.

Panama was inhabited by several indigenous tribes prior to settlement by the Spanish in the 16th century. It broke away from Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Nueva Granada (Viceroyalty of New Granada), Ecuador, and Venezuela named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When Gran Colombia dissolved in 1831, Panama and Nueva Granada remained joined, eventually becoming the Republic of Colombia. With the backing of the United States, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903, allowing the Panama Canal to be built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement (Torrijos–Carter Treaties) was signed for the total transfer of the Canal from the United States to Panama by the end of the 20th century, which culminated on 31 December 1999.

Revenue from canal tolls continues to represent a significant portion of Panama's GDP, although commerce, banking, and tourism are major and growing sectors. Panama has the second largest economy in Central America (List of countries by GDP (PPP))

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