, and the 2003 (2003 American League Championship Series) AL Championship Series MVP Award (League Championship Series MVP Award). Early life Mariano Rivera was born in Panama City, Panama, on November 29, 1969, to Mariano, Sr. and Delia Rivera. His father worked as a ship captain in the fishing industry. Sherman (2006), pp. 4–5 Rivera has one older sister, Delia, and two younger brothers, Alvaro and Giraldo. Levin
first original band recording at the age of 17. The '''Pied Water Tyrant''', ''Fluvicola pica'', is a small passerine bird in the tyrant flycatcher family. It breeds in tropical South America from Panama and Trinidad south to Bolivia and Argentina. Grupo Bimbo products are sold in 19 countries and two continents worldwide including: Mexico, Brasil, Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, United States, China, Spain and Portugal on 3 continents: Americas, Asia and Europe. Operates 156 plants (41 in Mexico and 115 abroad), 2 trading agencies and 5 joint ventures. His scientific travels took him through Africa, Asia, North America, South America, and Central America, among other regions. He particularly enjoyed Panama, Costa Rica, and Cuba, which he visited at length on at least thirty occasions beginning in 1908, generally staying in Soledad at the Harvard Botanical Gardens. Barbour served as custodian of these gardens from 1927 until his death in 1946. Barbour 1946. Dustjacket back flap. In his book, ''Naturalist in Cuba'', Barbour writes, "I suspect that I am the only living American naturalist who has visited all parts of the island again and again, for I am not only a Cuban by adoption, but a devoted friend of the land and its people." In addition to the expected scientific discussion of the island's flora and fauna, Barbour provides a description of Cuban society and culture. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1916.
editor Sandra W. Meditz and Dennis M. Hanratty date December 1987 section Education author Kluck, Patricia In 2010, it was estimated that 94.1% of the population was literate (94.7% of males and 93.5% of females). Education in Panama is compulsory (compulsory education) for the children of age group between 6 and 18. In recent decades, school enrollment at all levels, but especially at upper levels, has increased significantly. See also
United Nations activities helping with research, Model United Nations support, and sometimes with facilities. United Nations offices in The Hague, Netherlands; Nairobi, Kenya; Istanbul, Turkey; Vienna, Austria, and Geneva, Switzerland, India also support Model United Nations and serve as hosts for at least one conference each year. Soon after the razing of the village, several towns in various countries were named after it (such as San Jerónimo-Lídice
invasion force in Hollandia (Jayapura) on 8 October 1944 and later supported both the Morotai and Mindoro strike forces. She spent the final months of the war supporting Allied operations in the Philippines. thumb Gecko being handled by a human (File:Hemidactylus turcicus.jpg) The "med gecko" is one of the most successful species of geckos in the world. Native to southern Europe, it has spread over much of the world and established stable populations far from its
in the semifinalist group. Five years later, It became the first Latin American and Spanish-speaking country to win the Miss Universe crown when Gladys Zender became Miss Universe 1957. As of the new century, Peru started to shine back into the international beauty pageant scene. Claudia Ortiz De Zevallos was a semi-finalist in the 2003 Miss Universe competition held in Panama. Liesel Holler failed to land in the semi-finals in 2004 but Debora Sulca made Peru's name come
, were seeking to promote the production and use of sugar cane based ethanol throughout Latin America and the Caribbean. The two countries also agreed to share technology and set international standards for biofuels.
content view 2 10 archivedate 2008-04-08 He began to teach himself to play the electric guitar at 15, and made his
(2008), p. 12 He grew up in the Panamanian fishing village of Puerto Caimito—a town he described as "poor"
and Yokosuka, arriving on 10 November. As they had in Korea, her guns supported troops ashore, first driving back Viet Cong attempting to overrun Vũng Tàu on 21 November. After four months on the gunline giving major service in the struggle to keep South Vietnam free, ''Norris'' completed a circumnavigation by returning via Suez to Newport, arriving on 25 April 1967. * ''I. m. salvinii'', Caribbean lowlands of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, has no yellow fringes to the tertials and is more orange than the nominate race. * ''I. m. carrikeri'', Panama, Colombia and northwestern Venezuela, is like ''salvinii'', but less orange and smaller-billed. * ''I. m. taczanowskiis'', Pacific South America from Ecuador to western Peru, has white fringes to the tertials. Side-striped palm-pitviper The mountains of Costa Rica and western Panama, including the Cordillera de Tilarán, the Cordillera Central (Cordillera Central (Costa Rica)) and the Cordillera de Talamanca to the provinces of Chiriquí Province and Veraguas. Occurs at 850-980 m altitude. - Geographic range Found in the mountains of Costa Rica and western Panama, including the Cordillera de Tilarán, the Cordillera Central (Cordillera Central (Costa Rica)) and the Cordillera de Talamanca to the provinces of Chiriquí Province and Veraguas. Occurs at 850–980 m altitude. The type locality (Type locality (biology)) is listed as "Costa Rica vom Vulcan Barbo Volcán Barba ... und .. Veragua" Panama . '''Youth Challenge Australia''' (YCA) is a non-profit organisation founded in 1991 that sends young Australians on international community development projects in Costa Rica, Panama, Nicaragua, Guyana, Guatemala, Vanuatu, Mexico and India. Since 1994, YCA has also been involved in sending young people to remote, indigenous communities within Australia, such as Yuendumu, Ikuntji (Haasts Bluff (Haasts Bluff, Northern Territory)), Kintore (Kintore, Northern Territory), Alice Springs and Yulara. *Barbour's Centipede Snake, ''Tantilla albiceps'' (Barbour (Thomas Barbour), 1925) - Panama *Boulenger's Centipede Snake, ''Tantilla alticola'' (Boulenger (George Albert Boulenger), 1903) - Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Colombia *Andes Centipede Snake, ''Tantilla andinista'' (Wilson (L.D. Wilson) & Mena (C.E. Mena), 1980) - Ecuador thumb male (File:Green Thorntail 1.jpg) The '''Green Thorntail''' (''Discosura conversii'') is a small hummingbird that is a resident breeder from Costa Rica to western Ecuador. It occurs at middle elevations from 700-1400 m but may descend lower early in the wet season. In Costa Rica and Panama it is confined to the Caribbean slopes. '''Panama''' competed at the '''1996 Summer Olympics''' in Atlanta (Atlanta, Georgia), United States. '''Panama''' competed at the '''1992 Summer Olympics''' in Barcelona, Spain. '''Panama''' competed at the '''1988 Summer Olympics''' in Seoul, Korea (South Korea). '''Panama''' competed at the '''1984 Summer Olympics''' in Los Angeles (Los Angeles, California), United States. The nation returned to the Olympic Games after participating in the American-led boycott of the 1980 Summer Olympics. Eight competitors, seven men and one woman, took part in ten events in five sports.
'''Panama''' ( ), is the southernmost country of Central America and the whole of North America.
Situated on the isthmus connecting North and South America, it is bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metro area is home to nearly half of the country's 3.6 million people.
Panama was inhabited by several indigenous tribes prior to settlement by the Spanish in the 16th century. It broke away from Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Nueva Granada (Viceroyalty of New Granada), Ecuador, and Venezuela named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When Gran Colombia dissolved in 1831, Panama and Nueva Granada remained joined, eventually becoming the Republic of Colombia. With the backing of the United States, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903, allowing the Panama Canal to be built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement (Torrijos–Carter Treaties) was signed for the total transfer of the Canal from the United States to Panama by the end of the 20th century, which culminated on 31 December 1999.
Revenue from canal tolls continues to represent a significant portion of Panama's GDP, although commerce, banking, and tourism are major and growing sectors. Panama has the second largest economy in Central America (List of countries by GDP (PPP))