). thumb left 290px Statue of Robert Neyland on display at Neyland Stadium (File:NeylandStatue.jpg) The Vols reeled off undefeated streaks of 33 and 28 straight games. Upon returning to Tennessee from the Panama Canal Zone he retired from the military in favor of coaching. Development and filming The eighth season of ''The Amazing Race'' spanned 11,000 miles. In addition to also having easier challenges, the Race also placed less emphasis on international travel as numerous legs
- Big Stick diplomacy (Big stick Diplomacy): Theodore Roosevelt refers to U.S. policy as "speaking softly and carrying a big stick", applied the same year by assisting Panama's independence movement from Colombia. U.S. forces sought to protect American interests and lives during and following the Panamanian revolution over construction of the Isthmian Canal. U.S. Marines were stationed on the isthmus (1903–1914) * 1903 - Hay-Bunau Varilla Treaty with Panama; leased strip of land increased to 10 miles (16 km) wide. * 1989 - End of Eastern Bloc; fall of Berlin Wall; all East European satellites break away from Moscow *1990 - Panama; America invades to oust Manuel Noriega *1991 - Gulf War; America leads a U.N.-authorized coalition to repel an Iraqi invasion out of neighboring Kuwait. thumb left 230px Vice-Admiral (File:Edward Vernon by Thomas Gainsborough.jpg) Edward Vernon (Admiral Vernon). War on Spain was declared by Great Britain on 23 October 1739, which has become known as the War of Jenkins' Ear. A plan was laid for combined operations against the Spanish colonies from east and west. One force, military and naval, was to assault them from the West Indies under Admiral Edward Vernon. Another, to be commanded by Commodore George Anson (George Anson, 1st Baron Anson), afterwards Lord Anson, was to round Cape Horn and to fall upon the Pacific coast of Latin America. Delays, bad preparations, dockyard corruption, and the squabbles of the naval and military officers concerned caused the failure of a hopeful scheme. On 21 November 1739 Admiral Vernon did however succeed in capturing the ill-defended Spanish harbour of Porto Bello (Porto Bello, Panama) in present-day Panama. When Vernon had been joined by Sir Chaloner Ogle with naval reinforcements and a strong body of troops, an attack was made on Cartagena (Battle of Cartagena de Indias) in what is now Colombia (9 March – 24 April 1741). The delay had given the Spanish admiral, Don Blas de Lezo (1687–1741), time to prepare, and the siege failed with a dreadful loss of life to the assailants mostly due to disease. De Soto sailed to the New World in 1514 with the first Governor of Panama, Pedrarias Dávila. Brave leadership, unwavering loyalty, and clever schemes for the extortion of native villages (Indigenous peoples of the Americas) for their captured chiefs became de Soto's hallmark during the Conquest of Central America (History of Panama). He gained fame as an excellent horseman, fighter, and tactician, but was notorious for his brutality. Moths also undertake migrations, an example being the uraniids (Uraniidae). ''Urania fulgens'' undergoes population explosions and massive migrations that may be not surpassed by any other insect in the Neotropics. In Costa Rica and Panama, the first population movements may begin in July and early August and, depending on the year, may be very massive, continuing unabated for as long as five months.
: query.nytimes.com gst fullpage.html?res 9403E1D8153AF934A35752C1A96F958260 accessdate 2008-08-13 Three United States Governors, Daniel I. J. Thornton, Governor of Colorado from 1951 to 1955, John Burroughs (John Burroughs (governor)), Governor
: query.nytimes.com gst fullpage.html?res 9403E1D8153AF934A35752C1A96F958260 accessdate 2008-08-13 Three United States Governors, Daniel I. J. Thornton, Governor of Colorado from 1951 to 1955, John Burroughs (governor) John Burroughs
;'''Don Cholito'''", Agrelot, José M., and LaTorre, Jossy, ''Encabuya y Vuelve y Tira'' (autobiography), 2005 deserves particular mention. As mentioned above, Agrelot was an adamant fan of the Criollos de Caguas baseball team of the Puerto Rican Professional Baseball League (LBPPR). A tradition of any Criollos game was to play the Panamanian tamborito song ''"¿Qué te parece, cholito?"'' (a social commentary song that attained hit status in Puerto
invasion force in Hollandia (Jayapura) on 8 October 1944 and later supported both the Morotai and Mindoro strike forces. She spent the final months of the war supporting Allied operations in the Philippines. thumb Gecko being handled by a human (File:Hemidactylus turcicus.jpg) The "med gecko" is one of the most successful species of geckos in the world. Native to southern Europe, it has spread over much of the world and established stable populations far from its
and lovely gait of the Paso. There are two great areas for riding: on the beaches of Bocas del Toro near Dolphin Bay' and in mountains of Boquete. * '''Scuba diving''' and '''Snorkeling''': Both the Atlantic (Bocas del Toro) and Pacific (Gulf of Chiriqui) offer incredible water sport opportunities. For Caribbean coral and reef fish, go Atlantic. For rare pelagic species and the best whale watching in the world, go Pacific.* * '''Fishing''': The Gulf of Chiriqui is known among sport
working class was being pushed out of work forced to unemployment while the nation's corporations where gaining billions of dollars in profits. The FALN used some of their communiques to advertise other causes that they felt were fair, including support towards the government of Panama when this country wanted the control of the Panama Canal. Puerto Rican Nationalist Party leadership thumb right 180px Don Pedro Albizu Campos, 1936 (File:Albizu 1936.jpg)In 1924, Albizu Campos joined the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party and was elected vice president. In 1927, Albizu traveled to Santo Domingo, Haiti, Cuba, Mexico, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela, seeking solidarity for the Puerto Rican Independence movement. '''Compañía Panameña de Aviación, S.A.''', operating as '''Copa Airlines''' '''(CM)''', "Terms and Conditions." Copa Airlines. Retrieved on January 31, 2011. is an airline based in Panama City, Panama, "2008 Annual Report (Form 20-F)." Copa Airlines. 3 182. Retrieved on January 31, 2011. "Avenida Principal y Avenida de la Rotonda, Costa del Este Complejo Business Park, Torre Norte Parque Lefevre, Panama City Panama (Address of Principal Executive Offices)" and serves as Panama's flag carrier. Its main base of operations is Tocumen International Airport, and the airline currently offers more than 280 daily scheduled flights to 63 destinations in 29 countries in North, Central and South America, and the Caribbean with a fleet of 75 airplanes.
, in the Andes from western Venezuela to southern Peru, the Santa Marta Mountains in Colombia and the Venezuelan Coastal Range. Its plumage is mostly green with multiple black and dark green stripes or bars, and it has a pale-horn coloured beak. The dark stripes vary in prominence between its two subspecies. Several colour mutants are available in aviculture. - Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic
Panama, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, western
in the crash There have been recent reports that Miss Bush has been living and working in Panama (w:Panama) as an intern for UNICEF (w:UNICEF). South America (w:South America), the current hot-spot for describing new frog (w:frog) species, may be in danger of seeing population declines due to an epidemic. A recent scientific paper has found the mysterious fungal disease, chytridiomycosis (w:chytridiomycosis), has begun to establish into eastward Panama (w:Panama), heading across the Panama Canal boundary towards Colombian amphibian (w:amphibian) populations. The publication predicts that at the current rate, the fungus will spread into Tortí (Panamá Province (w:Panama Province)) before 2012. The chytrid fungus is believed to be the leading cause of population mortality of amphibians. Species like the common rocket frog (w:Colostethus panamensis) (''Colostethus panamensis'') are succumbing to the effects of the pathogen at an alarming rate. For the last 30 years, the infection has decimated amphibian communities, mostly because of increased temperatures resulting from climate change (w:climate change).
'''Panama''' ( ), is the southernmost country of Central America and the whole of North America.
Situated on the isthmus connecting North and South America, it is bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metro area is home to nearly half of the country's 3.6 million people.
Panama was inhabited by several indigenous tribes prior to settlement by the Spanish in the 16th century. It broke away from Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Nueva Granada (Viceroyalty of New Granada), Ecuador, and Venezuela named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When Gran Colombia dissolved in 1831, Panama and Nueva Granada remained joined, eventually becoming the Republic of Colombia. With the backing of the United States, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903, allowing the Panama Canal to be built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement (Torrijos–Carter Treaties) was signed for the total transfer of the Canal from the United States to Panama by the end of the 20th century, which culminated on 31 December 1999.
Revenue from canal tolls continues to represent a significant portion of Panama's GDP, although commerce, banking, and tourism are major and growing sectors. Panama has the second largest economy in Central America (List of countries by GDP (PPP))