Panama

What is Panama known for?


culture news

law degree.culture news fedorova-miss-universe-pageant-395 Miss Universe gives up crown to finish a doctorate in law At the time, she stated in an interview that she had declined to perform her duties because she was so insulted by her treatment on The Howard Stern Show. She blamed the pageant organizers for not warning her of the frequently profane Stern commentary, of which she, as a foreigner, had no prior knowledge. http


opera based

. Other shows on this tour included dates in Canada, Brazil, Mexico, Panama, and Venezuela. Premoli's last work with the group, ''Dracula (Dracula (PFM album))'', was released late in the year. It is an original Rock opera based on the Dracula legend. ShortSummary President Allen faces her first international crisis when nine undercover DEA (Drug Enforcement Agency) agents are killed in the fictitious South American country of San Pasquale (presumably based upon real-life Bolivia or Panama). As she begins to ponder her options on retaliation, the President is distracted when the press begins to follow her son and daughter as they begin their new terms in public school (Public school (government funded)). In the mean time, the First Gentleman begins coaching vice presidential nominee Warren Keaton for his upcoming confirmation hearings. From 1985-1988, he served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State in the Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, with responsibility for relations with Central America and Panama. By coincidence, he shares his name (William Walker (filibuster)) with a historical soldier of fortune who in the 19th century attempted to conquer parts of Central America (and was ultimately executed). From 1988-1992, he served as Ambassador to El Salvador. He was the Vice President of the National Defense University in Washington, D.C. between 1994-1997. Since its formation the unit has steadily expanded its capabilities, receiving training from US Army Special Forces (United States Army Special Forces), the US Army (United States Army) School of the Americas (Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation), and the closed US Army (United States Army) Jungle Operations Training Center (JOTC) in Panama. Individual unit members have also attended training at Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Between wars Corps of Engineers He was assigned in 1922 to Camp Humphreys, Gary, Indiana, with the engineers in the regular army. He was a Federal instructor with the National Guard unit of Indiana. In one incident his car caught fire but no one was injured. The (Gary, IN) Times, Monday August 16, 1926 In 1928 he moved to New Orleans where he was assigned to the River and Harbor Engineer District Office. In 1930 he went to Panama where he worked with the Eleventh Engineers for two years. He was assigned in 1932 to Fort Dupont, Delaware, to organize the Civilian Conservation Corps units to provide housing, food, and medical care in the U.S. National Forest Service in the National Forests in Idaho. There was a brief period in 1932 where the War Department considered retiring Colonel Swenholt (with many other officers) during a time when there was a military downsizing . The LaCrosse Tribune and Leader-Press, Thursday May 12, 1932 This did not happen and Swenholt remained in the Army. In 1935 he was ordered back to Dupont, Delaware, and to Oakland, California, where he was assigned to the Topographic Engineers at Fort Stevens, Oregon, The San Antonio Light, August 23, 1935 to map various areas in three states along the Pacific Coast. In 1937 he mapped Centralia, Washington and Fort Barry, California, for the same company (Company A, 29th U.S. Engineers. The Chehalis (Washington) Bee-Nugget, Friday October 16, 1936 This was one of the first times the airplane was used to make ground maps by making photographs and the Army was working in conjunction with the Coast Survey and Geodetic Survey departments to map this part of the country. The Centralia Daily Chronicle, Wednesday January 13, 1937 In September 1938 Swenholt was assigned to command the District Engineer Office, Omaha, Nebraska. One of their assignments was to stabilize the banks of the Mississippi by sinking pilings along the northern edge of Omaha in an effort to change the channel. The Nebraska State Journal, Thursday November 24, 1938 In early 1941 when the Army foresaw the need to begin armament, Major Swenholt's command was assigned the task of relocating roads, railroads and sewer lines in preparation for building the plant which would make the Martin B-26 Bomber. Waterloo Daily Courier, Sunday January 5, 1941 Bids for building the plant (estimated to be $10M) were solicited February 9, 1941. The Nebraska State Journal, Wednesday February 5, 1941 The plant was known as the Fort Crook Bomber Plant (Offutt Air Force Base). The Nebraska State Journal, Wednesday, February 19, 1941 Groundbreaking was Monday March 3, 1941 with Major Swenholt turning the first shovelful of dirt. The Nebraska State Journal, Sunday, March 2, 1941 Glenn Martin attended the event. Swenholt was to supervise the construction of the plant. The Nebraska State Journal, Tuesday, March 4, 1941 doi id accessdate 22 April 2010 while Panama, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and the British Virgin Islands (BVI) were still on the grey list as of late 2009. It breeds from the southern U.S. states of California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Louisiana south through Central America to Panama. An isolated population on the Caribbean coast of Colombia is sometimes treated as a separate species, the '''Bronze-brown Cowbird''' (''M. armenti''). For the remainder of her active career, ''Wren'' operated out of Norfolk periodically making overseas deployments. Among her 2d Fleet (U.S. 2nd Fleet) activities were midshipman summer cruises, some to northern European ports and others to West Indian and American ports. She also served with the 6th Fleet (U.S. 6th Fleet) in the Mediterranean Sea on several occasions. Annual "Springboard" exercises took her to Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Panama each spring. During her 1957 Mediterranean deployment, the ship served with the Mid East Force in the Indian Ocean and participated in Operation Crescent with units of the Pakistani Navy. Distribution and habitat The smalleye hammerhead is found along the eastern coast of South America from Uruguay to Venezuela, though it seldom occurs further west than the Orinoco Delta southeast of Trinidad. There are unconfirmed reports of this species from off Panama, Mexico, and western Florida; records from other parts of the world are most likely erroneous, resulting from its tangled taxonomic history. It is among the most abundant sharks within its range. This species inhabits inshore murky waters


musical hits

has composed dozens of musical hits, the most famous of which is "Pedro Navaja," a song about a neighborhood thug who appears to die during a robbery (his song "Sorpresas" continues the story), inspired by "Mack the Knife." He also composed and sings what many Panamanians consider their second national anthem. The song is titled "Patria" (Fatherland). Family history and early life Blades was born in Panama City, Panama, the son of Anoland


original story

, Robert Wade (Robert Wade (screenwriter)), Paul Haggis, and Joshua Zetumer contributed to the script. The title was chosen from a 1960 short story in Ian Fleming's ''For Your Eyes Only (For Your Eyes Only (short story collection))'', though the film does not contain any elements of the original story. Location filming took place in Mexico, Panama, Chile, Italy, Austria, and Wales while interior sets were built and filmed at Pinewood Studios. Foster


rich musical

), and maintained autonomy during much of the colonial era. Today's Afro-Ecuadorians are famous for their '' marimba '' music and dance festivals. Long before the Spanish conquest, and even well before the Inca civilization, the diverse native cultures of the region had rich musical traditions. Ancient flutes, trumpets, drums, and other musical artifacts have been found in tombs. Music was obviously important in the human


world gold

, Christopher Columbus visited the isthmus and established a short-lived settlement in the Darien (Darién Province). Vasco Núñez de Balboa's tortuous trek from the Atlantic to the Pacific in 1513 demonstrated that the Isthmus was, indeed, the path between the seas, and Panama quickly became the crossroads and marketplace of Spain's empire in the New World. Gold and silver were brought by ship from South America, hauled across the isthmus, and loaded aboard ships for Spain. The route became


music work

, Mexican (Mexico) and Panamanian performers, as well as those from Europe and the United States. Other countries where Crush is sold are Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Guatemala, Lebanon


early international

, at present in Slovakia) . He graduated from the Vienna University of Technology and he also started his profession in this city as a civil engineer. He was a respected expert on water constructions. He accompanied Ferdinand Marie de Lesseps (Ferdinand Lesseps) and István Türr in an early international expedition in 1876 with the task to locate the most suitable route of an interoceanic canal. He proposed an area between Panama and Colón (Colón, Panama). VMAP Level 1 is divided in 234 geographical tiles. Only 57 of them are currently (2006) available for download from NGA (National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency). NGA raster roam Among the available datasets, coverage can be found for parts of Costa Rica, Libya, United States, Mexico, Iraq, Russia, Panama, Colombia and Japan. right (Image:Charles_Adair.jpg) '''Charles Wallace Adair, Jr.''' (26 January 1914 in Xenia, Ohio – 22 January 2006 in Falls Church, Virginia) was a career United States Foreign Service Officer, serving as Ambassador to Panama (1965-1969) and Uruguay (1969-1972). * Middle America (Middle America (Americas))—Mexico and the nations of Central America; often also includes the West Indies (Caribbean). Occasionally, Colombia and Venezuela are also included in Middle America. ** Central America—the southern region of the North American continent, comprising Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. "Central America", ''MSN Encarta'', Microsoft. Accessed on line October 12, 2007. Archived 2009-10-31. Sometimes, Central America may be defined to only include the five countries which gained independence as the United Provinces of Central America. This definition excludes Belize and Panama. "Central America", ''Encyclopedia Americana'', Grolier: 2002. ** West Indies—the island territories of the Caribbean. :launched August 3, 1930 - completed 21 October 1931 :During the Spanish Civil War, on 15 August 1937, she torpedoed and damaged the Panamanian (Panama) tanker ''George McKnight'' off Tunis. :Sunk on August 8, 1943 off Genoa by bombing. '''''Survivor: Panama — Exile Island''''', also known as '''''Survivor: Exile Island''''' and '''''Survivor: Panama''''', is the twelfth season of the American CBS competitive reality television series ''Survivor (Survivor (U.S. TV series))''. The season was filmed in the Pearl Islands, off the coast of Panama. This location was previously used for ''Survivor: Pearl Islands'' and ''Survivor: All-Stars''. Filming began on October 31, 2005 and the season premiered on February 2, 2006 on CBS. The season finale was on May 14, 2006 with the votes revealed live from the Ed Sullivan Theater in New York. Realitytvwebsite.com Secession Crisis on the West Coast During the secession crisis following Lincoln's election, a group of Southern sympathizers in California made plans to secede with Oregon to form a "Pacific Republic (Cascadia (independence movement)#Civil War)". Their plans rested on the cooperation of Colonel (Brevet (brevet (military)) Brigadier General) Albert Sidney Johnston, headquartered in Benicia (Benicia, California) who commanded all the Federal troops of the Department of the Pacific. Johnston met with some of these Southern men, but before they could propose anything to him he told them that he had heard rumors of an attempt to seize the San Francisco forts and arsenal at Benicia, that he had prepared for that and would defend the facilities under his command with all his resources and to the last drop of his blood. He told them to tell this to their Southern friends. Asbury Harpending, '''The great diamond hoax: and other stirring incidents in the life of Asbury Harpending''', San Francisco, James H. Barry Co., 1913.p.36 Deprived of his aid the plans for California and Oregon to secede from the United States never came to fruition. Meanwhile Union men feared Johnston would aid such a plot and telegraphed Washington asking for his replacemnt. Brig. Gen. Edwin Vose Sumner was soon sent west via Panama to replace Johnston in March 1861. Johnston resigned his commission on April 9, and after Sumner arrived on April 25 turned over his command and moved with his family to Los Angeles.


making photographs

times the airplane was used to make ground maps by making photographs and the Army was working in conjunction with the Coast Survey and Geodetic Survey departments to map this part of the country. The Centralia Daily Chronicle, Wednesday January 13, 1937 In September 1938 Swenholt was assigned to command the District Engineer Office, Omaha, Nebraska. One of their assignments was to stabilize the banks of the Mississippi by sinking pilings along the northern edge of Omaha in an effort to change the channel. The Nebraska State Journal, Thursday November 24, 1938 In early 1941 when the Army foresaw the need to begin armament, Major Swenholt's command was assigned the task of relocating roads, railroads and sewer lines in preparation for building the plant which would make the Martin B-26 Bomber. Waterloo Daily Courier, Sunday January 5, 1941 Bids for building the plant (estimated to be $10M) were solicited February 9, 1941. The Nebraska State Journal, Wednesday February 5, 1941 The plant was known as the Fort Crook Bomber Plant (Offutt Air Force Base). The Nebraska State Journal, Wednesday, February 19, 1941 Groundbreaking was Monday March 3, 1941 with Major Swenholt turning the first shovelful of dirt. The Nebraska State Journal, Sunday, March 2, 1941 Glenn Martin attended the event. Swenholt was to supervise the construction of the plant. The Nebraska State Journal, Tuesday, March 4, 1941 doi id accessdate 22 April 2010 while Panama, Luxembourg, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and the British Virgin Islands (BVI) were still on the grey list as of late 2009. It breeds from the southern U.S. states of California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Louisiana south through Central America to Panama. An isolated population on the Caribbean coast of Colombia is sometimes treated as a separate species, the '''Bronze-brown Cowbird''' (''M. armenti''). For the remainder of her active career, ''Wren'' operated out of Norfolk periodically making overseas deployments. Among her 2d Fleet (U.S. 2nd Fleet) activities were midshipman summer cruises, some to northern European ports and others to West Indian and American ports. She also served with the 6th Fleet (U.S. 6th Fleet) in the Mediterranean Sea on several occasions. Annual "Springboard" exercises took her to Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Panama each spring. During her 1957 Mediterranean deployment, the ship served with the Mid East Force in the Indian Ocean and participated in Operation Crescent with units of the Pakistani Navy. Distribution and habitat The smalleye hammerhead is found along the eastern coast of South America from Uruguay to Venezuela, though it seldom occurs further west than the Orinoco Delta southeast of Trinidad. There are unconfirmed reports of this species from off Panama, Mexico, and western Florida; records from other parts of the world are most likely erroneous, resulting from its tangled taxonomic history. It is among the most abundant sharks within its range. This species inhabits inshore murky waters


conducting extensive

Panama

'''Panama''' ( ), is the southernmost country of Central America and the whole of North America.

Situated on the isthmus connecting North and South America, it is bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metro area is home to nearly half of the country's 3.6 million people.

Panama was inhabited by several indigenous tribes prior to settlement by the Spanish in the 16th century. It broke away from Spain in 1821 and joined a union of Nueva Granada (Viceroyalty of New Granada), Ecuador, and Venezuela named the Republic of Gran Colombia. When Gran Colombia dissolved in 1831, Panama and Nueva Granada remained joined, eventually becoming the Republic of Colombia. With the backing of the United States, Panama seceded from Colombia in 1903, allowing the Panama Canal to be built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1904 and 1914. In 1977, an agreement (Torrijos–Carter Treaties) was signed for the total transfer of the Canal from the United States to Panama by the end of the 20th century, which culminated on 31 December 1999.

Revenue from canal tolls continues to represent a significant portion of Panama's GDP, although commerce, banking, and tourism are major and growing sectors. Panama has the second largest economy in Central America (List of countries by GDP (PPP))

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