"living labs", where residents experiment with new technology (such as NFC tags and ubi (Ubiquitous computing)-screens) at a community-wide scale. History Oulu was founded on April 9, 1605, by King Charles IX of Sweden opposite the fort built on the island of Linnansaari
are Air Guitar World Championships (Air guitar), Mieskuoro Huutajat (also known as Screaming Men), and the now defunct metal band Sentenced (Sentenced (band)). Many artists, writers, and musicians live in the city. A variety of concerts—rock, classical, and jazz—as well as other cultural events take place each year. Examples include the Oulu Music Video Festival, the Air Guitar World Championships, and the Musixine Music Film Competition, all in August. In July is the annual
Winter's Prophecy '' was recorded in their home country in 2000 at Tico-Tico Studios with Ahti Kortelainen (Kalmah, Eternal Tears of Sorrow, Dawn of Relic). Their last album for Massacre Records was entitled ''Eskhata'', released in 2002, recorded in Oulu, Finland at SoundMix Studios with producer Mika Pohjola (The Black League). After the release and promotion of ''Eskhata'', Catamenia renewed their contract with Massacre Records for three more albums, citing good
working relations. background group_or_band origin Oulu, Finland genre Melodic death metal '''Kalmah''' is a melodic death metal
, Germany Early career Niemi was born in Oulu, Finland and began his career with HJK Helsinki, where he made over 100 appearances in four years, before transferring to FC Copenhagen (F.C. Copenhagen) in 1995. Impressive performances over the next two years saw a transfer to Scotland with Glasgow club Rangers (Rangers F.C.), where he became the first and only player to wear the number 13 shirt for the club in their Scottish Premier League history. commons:Oulu
. Trotter (2002) (#Trotter2002), p. 150 The burning of tar warehouses and ships in Oulu and Raahe led to international criticism and, in Britain, MP Thomas Gibson (Thomas Milner Gibson) demanded in the House of Commons (British House of Commons) that the First Lord of the Admiralty explain "a system which carried on a great war by plundering and destroying the property of defenceless villagers". *35px link European route E65 (File:Tabliczka E65.svg) - commons:Oulu
, Lappeenranta, Mikkeli, Oulu, Pori, Porvoo, Rauma (Rauma, Finland), Rovaniemi, Salo (Salo, Finland), Seinäjoki, Tampere, Tornio, Turku, and Vaasa. It also appears in Ylläs during ski season. After his running career Konchellah moved to Oulu, Finland. He married a Finnish woman and had a child. Although the duo nominally had already given their final concert on New Year's Eve 2003, they reformed again to perform as a warming act for two Toto
. It averaged , achieved with a Bugatti EB110 Supersport. The record-breaking Bentley was largely standard except for a roll-cage, aerodynamic improvements, and low-temperature fuel and calibration.
of pathways and more than 100 underpasses and bridges devoted exclusively to light traffic. The network is used year-round. The ratio of light traffic pathways to residents is the highest in Finland and the cycling mode share is 20 percent. Jeffrey Pratte, "Mainstreaming Bicycling in Winter Cities: The case of Oulu, Finland", Masters thesis, University of Manitoba (Canada), 2011. P. 99-100 Anders Swanson, " Winter Cycling for Everyone
Gothic metal group, Poisonblack. He was also the frontman for Sentenced from 1996 (when he replaced their former bassist and vocalist, Taneli Jarva) until the group ended their career in 2005. When joining Sentenced he was soon accepted by fans. He wrote very few songs for Sentenced (whose main-songwriters were Miika Tenkula and Sami Lopakka), for example the song "Aika Multaa Muistot" on the album, "The Cold White Light". DATE OF BIRTH 1973 PLACE OF BIRTH Oulu, Finland DATE OF DEATH - Oulu link alt 20px (File:Flag of Finland.svg) Finland OUL EFOU Oulu Airport style "background-color: #DDFFDD" 2011 ¤ present align center commons:Oulu
are Air Guitar World Championships (Air guitar), Mieskuoro Huutajat (also known as Screaming Men), and the now defunct metal band Sentenced (Sentenced (band)). Many artists, writers, and musicians live in the city. A variety of concerts—rock, classical, and jazz—as well as other cultural events take place each year. Examples include the Oulu Music Video Festival, the Air Guitar World Championships, and the Musixine Music Film Competition, all in August. In July is the annual rock festival Qstock. The Oulu Music Festival is held in winter and the Oulunsalo Music Festival in summer. The Irish Festival of Oulu takes place each October and the International Children's Film Festival (Oulu International Children's and Youth Film Festival) each November. Kalmah is a melodic death metal-band from Oulu that formed in 1998. Notable people from Oulu * Leevi Madetoja, composer * Frans Michael Franzén, poet * V.A. Koskenniemi (Veikko Antero Koskenniemi), poet * Three former Presidents of the country, Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, Kyösti Kallio and Martti Ahtisaari, also a Nobel Peace Prize laureate * Sara Wacklin, teacher and writer * Aaro Hellaakoski, poet * Lars Gallenius, 17th century painter * Leena Peltonen-Palotie, geneticist * Kauko Röyhkä, author and rock musician * Mika Ronkainen, filmmaker * Peter von Bagh, film historian and director * Keke Rosberg, 1982 Formula 1 world champion * Matti Hautamäki, ski jumper * Ice Hockey players, Kari Jalonen, Mikael Granlund, Joni Pitkänen and Reijo Ruotsalainen * Football players, Aki Lahtinen, Antti Niemi (Antti Niemi (footballer)) and Mika Nurmela Sights File:Oulu City Hall 2006 02 12.JPG Oulu City Hall. File:Oulu Hydro Energy.jpg Merikoski hydroelectric dam (Merikoski Power Plant). File:Tuira.jpg View over the river Oulu towards Tuira from Hupisaaret park. The water power plant can be seen on the right side. Tuira is one of the largest districts of Oulu with almost 7,000 inhabitants. File:Stockman Oulu rotuaari.jpg Rotuaari pedestrian street. File:Tuomiokirkko Oulu.jpg Oulu Cathedral. File:Hotel Eden Oulu 2007 07 22.JPG Spa Hotel Eden and sand beach in Nallikari recreation and tourism area. File:Mannerheim Park Oulu 2006 07 23.JPG Mannerheim Park is a favourite hangout place for many. File:Oulu market hall 20051028.jpg Oulu Market Hall. File:Oulu city art museum.jpg Oulu Museum of Art. File:Tahtitorni Oulu 2006 04 02.JPG The old observatory in Linnansaari. It was built in 1875 on top of the ruins of the Castle of Oulu (Oulu Castle). File:Snowy Bicycles Oulu 20100227.JPG Snowy bicycles in front of library of architecture of Oulu University (University of Oulu). *Tietomaa, a science center with over 150 exhibits *Ainola Park, formerly a university botanical garden before the university was moved to Linnanmaa *The Rapids Center, the area in the estuary of the Oulu river consisting of small islands connected with bridges and fountains in the middle of the river, and including a housing area of building blocks planned by Alvar Aalto *The Market Square (Market Square, Oulu) with the City Library (Oulu City Library), the City Theatre (Oulu City Theatre) and old salt and tar storehouses *Hupisaaret, a large park area located in the estuary of the Oulu river *The F. M. Franzen memorial *The Northern Ostrobothnia museum *The Pateniemi Sawmill Museum *The Vehicle Museum *The University of Oulu Botanical Gardens (situated in Linnanmaa) *The Arctic Gallery *Technopolis (Technopolis (Finland)), the technology village *Turkansaari (historical open-air museum) Churches * Cathedral (Oulu Cathedral) * Haukipudas Church * Holy Family of Nazareth Church (Holy Family of Nazareth Church, Oulu) * Kiiminki Church * Oulujoki Church * Oulunsalo Church * St. Luke's Chapel (St. Luke's Chapel, Oulu) * Tuira Church * Ylikiiminki Church Other points of interest *Oulu Music Video Festival *Air Guitar World Championships (The Annual Air Guitar World Championship contest) *Jalometalli Metal Music Festival *Madetoja Hall, housing the Oulu Music Centre (website) the residence of the Oulu Symphony Orchestra *Oulu Hall (a large indoor sports facility consisting of a low dome, which looks somewhat like a landed flying saucer) *Terwa Marathon & Run event in late May (since 1989) *The Terva-skiing event in early March (since 1889) *The Winter Swimming World Championship commons:Oulu
'', both meaning "river channel". The second is the Uralic root reconstructed (Linguistic reconstruction) as *''uwa'', meaning "river bed" (reflected as ''vuo'' in modern Finnish, also in derivatives such as ''vuolas'' "heavy-flowing"). To either of these roots, some Saami variety would have to be assumed having added further derivational suffixes.