Oryol

What is Oryol known for?


quot cover

possessed scant prospects for victory. *Patrick Heenan (Patrick Stanley Vaughan Heenan), July 1910-February 13, 1942 was a Captain (Captain (OF-2)) in the British Indian Army, who was convicted of treason, after spying (espionage) for Japanese military intelligence during the Malayan campaign of World War II (Battle of Malaya). Peter Elphick, 2001, "Cover-ups and the Singapore Traitor Affair". (Access date: March 6, 2007.) See also: Brian P. Farrell, 2005, ''The Defence and Fall of Singapore 1940-1942'', Ch. 7, n.19 Farrell states: "The paper trail in archival records is PRO, WO172 18, Malaya Command War Diary Appendix Z.1, 10 December 1941; WO172 33, III Indian Corps War Diary, 12, 19, 23–24 December 1941;CAB106 53, 11th Indian Division history, ch. 4; CAB106 86, Maltby Despatch; IWM, Wild Papers, 66 227 1, Wild notes." (Access date: March 6, 2007.) Heenan was reportedly killed in a summary execution, during the Battle of Singapore. It is also alleged that these events were suppressed by British Commonwealth (Commonwealth of Nations) military censors (Censorship). Elphick, 2001, ''Ibid''. When the order was signed for its construction on 11 August 1943, the Wehrmacht armies held positions hundreds of kilometers to the east of the proposed defensive line, generally along the Donets River in the south and along a line roughly from Smolensk to Leningrad in the north. Retreating to the line would give up considerable Soviet territory, including major cities such as Smolensk and Kharkov, which had only recently been recaptured in the Kharkov offensive operation, as well as smaller cities including Kholm (Kholm, Kholmsky District, Novgorod Oblast), Novgorod, Oryol and Bryansk. In addition, the Siege of Leningrad would have to be abandoned. Olga Kameneva was shot on 11 September 1941 on Joseph Stalin's orders in the Medvedev forest outside Orel (Oryol) together with Christian Rakovsky, Maria Spiridonova and 160 other prominent political prisoners. This execution was one of the many NKVD massacres of prisoners committed in 1941. birth_date 28 June 1871 birth_place Livny, Oryol guberniya, Russia death_date WikiPedia:Oryol


stories poems

: www.kirjasto.sci.fi ibunin.htm title Ivan Bunin's biography publisher www.kirjasto.sci.fi accessdate 2011-01-01 In Spring 1889, Bunin followed his brother to Kharkov, where he became a government clerk, then an assistant editor of a local paper, librarian, and court statistician. In January 1889 he moved to Oryol to work on the local ''Orlovsky Vestnik'' newspaper, first as an editorial assistant and later as de facto editor; this enabled him to publish his short stories

, poems and reviews in the paper's literary section. There he met Varvara Paschenko and fell passionately in love with her. In August 1892 the couple moved to Poltava and settled in the home of Yuly Bunin. The latter helped his younger brother to find a job in the local ''zemstvo'' administration. thumb left Portrait of Ivan Bunin by Leonard Turzhansky (Image:Buninturzhansky.jpg). 1905. In December 1910 Bunin


family originating

Martov form the Mensheviks, returning to Russia in 1912. - OEL Oryol Yuzhny Airport Oryol, Russia - Early life and career Suvorov was born into a noble family originating from Novgorod at the Moscow mansion of his maternal grandfather Fedosey Manukov, landowner from Oryol gubernia and an official of Peter I (Peter I of Russia). Some of his ancestors had emigrated from Sweden in 1622.


years working

itself by incorporating ideas from the Age of Enlightenment. Like many of his educated contemporaries, he was particularly opposed to serfdom (Russian serfdom). In 1841, Turgenev started his career in Russian civil service and spent two years working for the Ministry of Interior (1843-1845). DATE OF BIRTH October 28, 1818 PLACE OF BIRTH Oryol, Russian Empire DATE OF DEATH September 3, 1883 Defeated by the Turks in the battle of Stănileşti (July 18–July 22, 1711), Cantemir sought refuge in Russia, where he and his family finally settled (he was accompanied by a sizeable boyar retinue, including the chronicler Ion Neculce). There, he was awarded the title of Knyaz (Prince) of the Russian Empire by Peter the Great and received the title of Reichsfürst (Prince) of the Holy Roman Empire from Charles VI (Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor). He died at his Dmitrovka estate (Estate (house)) near Oryol in 1723 (on the very day he was awarded the Roman-German princely title). In 1935, his remains were carried to Iaşi. birth_date WikiPedia:Oryol


prominent political

center of its own Oryol Oblast on September 27, 1937. The Oryol Prison was a notable place of incarceration for political prisoners and war prisoners of the Second World War. Christian Rakovsky, Maria Spiridonova, Olga Kameneva and 160 other prominent political prisoners were shot on September 11, 1941 on Joseph Stalin's orders in the Medvedev forest outside Oryol. During World War II, Oryol was occupied by the Wehrmacht on October 3, 1941

, Russia Fate of the family After Kamenev's execution, his relatives suffered a similar fate. Kamenev's second son, Yu. L. Kamenev, was executed on 30 January 1938, at the age of 17. His eldest son, air force officer A.L. Kamenev, was executed on 15 July 1939, at the age of 33. His first wife, Olga, was shot on 11 September 1941 on Stalin's orders, in the Medvedev forest outside Oryol, together with Christian Rakovsky, Maria Spiridonova and 160 other prominent political prisoners

, the Siege of Leningrad would have to be abandoned. Olga Kameneva was shot on 11 September 1941 on Joseph Stalin's orders in the Medvedev forest outside Orel (Oryol) together with Christian Rakovsky, Maria Spiridonova and 160 other prominent political prisoners. This execution was one of the many NKVD massacres of prisoners committed in 1941. birth_date 28 June 1871 birth_place Livny, Oryol guberniya, Russia death_date WikiPedia:Oryol


public debut

campaign (March–November 1943) Their battle honor is Oryol 1943 and Smolensk 1943. Biography Joseph Arkadievich Levin (the name was altered in western Europe by a manager who thought "Lhévinne" more distinctive and less Jewish) was born into a family of musicians in Oryol and studied at the Imperial Conservatory in Moscow (Moscow Conservatory) under Vasily Safonov. His public debut came at the age of 14 with Ludwig van Beethoven's ''Emperor Concerto (Piano Concerto No. 5 (Beethoven))'' in a performance conducted by his musical hero Anton Rubinstein. He graduated at the top of a class which included both Sergei Rachmaninoff and Alexander Scriabin, winning the Gold Medal for piano in 1892. Kalinnikov was a policeman's son. He studied at the seminary at Oryol, becoming director of the choir there at fourteen. Later he went to the Moscow Conservatory but could not afford the tuition fees. On a scholarship he went to the Moscow Philharmonic Society School (Russian Academy of Theatre Arts), where he received bassoon and composition lessons from Alexander Ilyinsky. He played bassoon, timpani and violin in theater orchestras and supplemented his income working as a music copyist. Stakhanov was born in Lugovaya near Oryol. In 1927, he began working in a mine called "Tsentralnaya-Irmino" in Kadievka (Stakhanov, Ukraine) (Donbass (Donets Basin)). In 1933, Stakhanov became a jackhammer operator. In 1935, he took a local course in mining. On 31 August 1935, it was reported that he had mined a record 102 tonnes of coal in 5 hours and 45 minutes (14 times his quota). Richard Overy, ''The Dictators: Hilter's Germany, Stalin's Russia'', p258 ISBN 0-393-02030-4 On 19 September, Stakhanov was reported to have set a new record by mining 227 tonnes of coal in a single shift. "Labour in the Land of Socialism; Stakhanovites in Conference", Moscow 1936 His example was held up in newspapers and posters as a model for others to follow, and he even appeared on the cover of ''Time'' (Time (magazine)) magazine. "Heroes of Labor", Time Magazine, 16 December 1935 "Soviet leaders' gifts go on show", BBC.com, 15 November 2006 WikiPedia:Oryol


work starting

. The city was soon abandoned by its population, after being sacked either by Lithuanians or the Golden Horde. The territory became a part of the Tsardom of Russia in the 16th century. Ivan the Terrible decreed that a new fortress be built on the spot in 1566, for the purpose of defending the southern borders of the country. WikiPedia:Oryol


532'

Generaloberst, Rudolf Schmidt, appointed Kaminski mayor of the Army Rear Area 532, centered on the town of Lokot. On 19 July 1942, after approval by the Commander of Army Group Centre, Field Marshal Günther von Kluge, Schmidt and the 532 Area commander, Kaminski received a degree of autonomy and nominal self-governing authority, under the supervision of major von Veltheim and colonel Rübsam. City divisions *Severny City District, Oryol, a city district of Oryol, ref

as the mayor of the Army Rear Area 532 centered in the township of Lokot. On 19 July 1942, after the Commander of Army Group Centre, Field Marshal Günther von Kluge gave an official approval, the Lokot administration received some degree of autonomy and nominal self-rule under the supervision of major von Veltheim and colonel Rübsam. Kaminsky was appointed the oberburgomeister of the Autonomous Administration of Lokot (comprising eight rayons) and the brigadier of the local militia

Kaminski as mayor of the Army Rear Area 532 with its center in the town of Lokot. On 19 July 1942, after approval from Commander of Army Group Centre,Field Marshal Günther von Kluge, Schmidt and 532 Area commander Volksdeutsche, Kaminski received a certain degree of autonomy and nominal self rule and self-governing powers under the supervision of Major von Veltheim and Colonel Rübsam. - 057 054 '''Oryol''' Орёл Oryol Oblast 333,310 317,854 15,456


literary celebrity

, fast becoming a literary celebrity, and the two writers remained friends for many years to come. Through Gorky, Andreyev became a member of the Moscow Sreda (Sreda (literary group)) literary group, and published many of his works in Gorky's Znanie (Znanie (publishing company)) collections. A Writer Remembers by Nikolay Teleshov, Hutchinson, NY, 1943. DATE OF BIRTH 1871-08-21 PLACE OF BIRTH Oryol Province (Oryol), Russia DATE OF DEATH 1919-09-12 History The Skoptsy were first discovered by the Russian civil authorities in 1771 in the Oryol region. A peasant, Andrei Ivanov, was convicted of having persuaded thirteen other peasants to castrate themselves. His assistant was another peasant, known as Kondratii Selivanov. A legal investigation followed. Ivanov was knouted and sent to Siberia. Selivanov fled, but was arrested in 1775. Fyodor Dan was born to a Jewish family in St. Petersburg. His original surname was Gurvitch. While still a young man he joined the Union of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class. He was arrested in 1896 and exiled in Oryol for three years. On his return he joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party and went to London for their Second Congress in 1903. Dan aligned himself with Julius Martov who wanted to have a larger party of activists, rather than Lenin's conception of a smaller party of professional revolutionaries. Dan helped Martov form the Mensheviks, returning to Russia in 1912. - OEL Oryol Yuzhny Airport Oryol, Russia - Early life and career Suvorov was born into a noble family originating from Novgorod at the Moscow mansion of his maternal grandfather Fedosey Manukov, landowner from Oryol gubernia and an official of Peter I (Peter I of Russia). Some of his ancestors had emigrated from Sweden in 1622. WikiPedia:Oryol


literary criticism

, religious criticism) and in disciplines as diverse as literary criticism, history, philosophy, anthropology and psychology. Although Bakhtin was active in the debates on aesthetics and literature that took place in the Soviet Union in the 1920s, his distinctive position did not become well known until he was rediscovered by Russian scholars in the 1960s. thumb 250px A commemorative plaque marking a building in which Mikhail Bakhtin worked. (Image:Bakhtin.jpg) Bakhtin was born in Oryol

Oryol

'''Oryol''' or '''Orel''' (

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