Ordnungspolizei

What is Ordnungspolizei known for?


service award

, with each of the new federal states (called Bundesländer (States of Germany)) establishing its own police force, the Landespolizei, each of which survives to this day. Many Landespolizei regulations, procedures, and even some uniforms, which are green, and insignia, can be traced back to the pre-1936 forces. See also *Ranks and insignia of the Ordnungspolizei *Police Long Service Award *Glossary of Nazi Germany *''Schutzmannschaft'', auxiliary policemen raised from local populations in occupied Eastern Europe during World War II *''Hilfspolizei'', a type of German police unit Notes The Blue Police was subordinate to German Ordnungspolizei.


major actions

in Eastern Europe. Later on Kube again criticized the major actions, during which, mainly as bandit suspects, men, women and children are shot. The former commander of the Minsk Ordnungspolizei Eberhard Herf, now chief of staff at the Commander of Anti-Bandit Units of the Reichsführer SS (Glossary of German military terms), also received Kube’s report that: The number killed by German perpetrator units is unknown. The most murderous included the 36th Waffen Grenadier Division


regular

Lumsden 2002 page 80 The police were divided into the ''Ordnungspolizei'' (Orpo or regular police) and the Sicherheitspolizei (SiPo or security police), which had been established in June 1936. The Orpo assumed duties of regular uniformed law enforcement while the SiPo consisted of the secret state police (Geheime Staatspolizei or Gestapo) and criminal investigation police (Kriminalpolizei or Kripo). The Kriminalpolizei was a corps of professional

''Waffen-SS'' units on the Eastern Front (Eastern Front (World War II)). The regular military police of the ''Wehrmacht'' ''(Feldgendarmerie'') were separate from the ''Ordnungspolizei''. Waffen-SS Police Division thumb Troops from the SS Police Battalions load Jews into boxcars (Image:Bundesarchiv Bild 101I-027-1476-21A, Marseille, Gare d'Arenc. Deportation von Juden.jpg) at Marseille, France in January 1943. The primary

of the Wehrmacht or to the full SS divisions of the regular ''Waffen-SS''. Very late in the war several Orpo SS-Police regiments were transferred to the ''Waffen-SS'' to form the ''35th SS and Police Grenadier Division (35th SS Division)''. Orpo and SS relations The ''Ordnungspolizei'' was separate from the SS and maintained a system of insignia and Orpo ranks. It was possible for policemen to be members of the SS but without active duties. Police generals who were members of the SS were


time life

of the Polish Invasion, there were four SS combat regiments: ''Leibstandarte (SS-Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler)'', ''Deutschland'', ''Germania'' and ''Der Führer''. The latter three were reorganized into the '''SS-Verfügungs-Division''', and the ''Leibstandarte'' was expanded into a motorized brigade. In addition there were


acting military

. * Richard Walther Darré - Minister of Food and Agriculture from 1933 to 1942. * Karl Wolff - SS-Obergruppenführer and General der Waffen-SS. He became Chief of Personal Staff to the Reichsführer-SS (Heinrich Himmler) and SS Liaison Officer to Hitler until his replacement in 1943. From 1943 to 1945, Wolff was the Supreme SS and Police Leader of the 'Italien' area. By 1945 Wolff was acting military commander of Italy, and in that capacity negotiated the surrender of all the forces in the Southwest Front. * Alfred Wünnenberg - SS-Obergruppenführer und General der Waffen-SS und der Polizei. Commander of the SS-Polizei-Division (4th SS), 1941-1943; Chief of the Ordnungspolizei, 1943–1945 after Kurt Daluege suffered a massive heart attack. The Warsaw Uprising started on 1 August 1944 and changed Himmler’s plans. On August 4 1944, a combat-ready regiment of the brigade was ordered to assist in crushing the rebellion. SS-''Gruppenführer'' Heinz Reinfarth was placed in charge of Kampfgruppe ''Reinfarth'', a pacification unit which consisted of the ''Kaminski'' along with the ''Dirlewanger'' and several other Ordnungspolizei and SS rear area units. Himmler personally requested Kaminski's assistance, and the latter obliged by gathering a task force of 1,700 unmarried men and sending them (some sources mentioned that they had four T-34 tanks, one SU-76 and few artillery pieces) to Warsaw as a mixed regiment under field command of Kaminski's brigade chief-of-staff, SS-''Sturmbannführer'' Yuri Frolov. Frolov stated that in 1945 the regiment had up to 1600 men and had 7 artillery pieces and 4 mortars. In 1936, the regular German police, previously agencies of the ''Länder'' or states, were nationalized and placed under Himmler, who was named ''Chef der Deutschen Polizei''. The ordinary uniformed police were called the ''Ordnungspolizei'' ("order police"). Known as the ''Orpo'', the ''Ordnungspolizei'' maintained a separate uniform, system of insignia and ''Orpo'' ranks (Ranks and insignia of the Ordnungspolizei). It was also possible for SS members to hold dual status in both the ''Orpo'' and the SS, and SS generals were referred to simultaneously by both rank titles. For instance, an ''Obergruppenführer'' in the SS, who was also a police general, would be referred to as ''Obergruppenführer und General der Polizei''. In late 1939, ''Orpo'' personnel were formed into a combat division, recognizable by its use of police insignia; in 1942, this formation was absorbed into the ''Waffen-SS'' to become the 4. ''SS-Polizei-Panzergrenadier division'' (4th SS Polizei Division). Following the armistice (Armistice with Italy) between Italy and the Allied Forces on September 8, 1943, the German military occupied Rome and Kappler was ordered to serve as the Chief of the Secret Police and Security Services (Sicherheitsdienst) (''Oberbefehlshaber des Sicherheitspolizei und SD'') for all SS and police units (Ordnungspolizei) deployed in Rome. He was promoted to SS-Obersturmbannführer (Lieutenant Colonel) on September 12 and quickly assumed his new duties operating out of the Italian capital. In parallel development, he was also awarded the Iron Cross for intelligence services in aid of the Skorzeny (Otto Skorzeny) mission that 'sprang' Mussolini (then under house arrest after being deposed as Duce) from Gran Sasso to Germany The Blue Police was subordinate to German Ordnungspolizei.


372

'' with all necessary logistical support. Rhodes 2002, p 15. After the "second sweep" started in late 1941-early 1942, since ''Einsatzgruppe A'' had murdered almost all of the Jews in its area, it had little to do and so shifted its operations into Belorussia to assist ''Einsatzgruppe'' B. Hilberg 1985. p 372. As part of the "second sweep", in Dnepropetrovsk in February 1942 saw ''Einsatzgruppe

'' D reducing the city's Jewish population from about 30, 000 to 702 over four days. Hilberg 1985, p 372. Unlike in Germany, where the Nuremberg Laws of 1935 had defined as Jewish anyone who had three or four Jewish grandparents regardless of one's religion, the ''Einsatzgruppe'' defined as Jewish anyone had at least one Jewish grandparent again with no regard to one's actual faith. Hilberg 1985, p 368. Reflecting


close connection

detectives involved in fighting crime and the task of the Gestapo was combating espionage and political dissent. On 27 September 1939, the SS security service, the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) and the SiPo were folded into the Reich Main Security Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt or RSHA). The Blue Police was subordinate to German Ordnungspolizei.


fighting crime

detectives involved in fighting crime and the task of the Gestapo was combating espionage and political dissent. On 27 September 1939, the SS security service, the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) and the SiPo were folded into the Reich Main Security Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt or RSHA). The Blue Police was subordinate to German Ordnungspolizei.


life books

of the Polish Invasion, there were four SS combat regiments: ''Leibstandarte (SS-Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler)'', ''Deutschland'', ''Germania'' and ''Der Führer''. The latter three were reorganized into the '''SS-Verfügungs-Division''', and the ''Leibstandarte'' was expanded into a motorized brigade. In addition there were


long service

, with each of the new federal states (called Bundesländer (States of Germany)) establishing its own police force, the Landespolizei, each of which survives to this day. Many Landespolizei regulations, procedures, and even some uniforms, which are green, and insignia, can be traced back to the pre-1936 forces. See also *Ranks and insignia of the Ordnungspolizei *Police Long Service Award *Glossary of Nazi Germany *''Schutzmannschaft'', auxiliary policemen raised from local

Ordnungspolizei

The '''''Ordnungspolizei''''' or '''Orpo''' ( The Orpo organization was absorbed into the Nazi monopoly on power after the ''Verreichlichung'', and served under the control of the SS (Schutzstaffel ) by law until the end of World War II. Owing to their green uniforms, Orpo were also referred to as ''Grüne Polizei'' (green police). The force was first established as a centralized organisation uniting the municipal, city, and rural uniformed police that had been organised on a state-by-state basis.

The ''Ordnungspolizei'' embraced virtually all of the Third Reich's law-enforcement and emergency response organizations, including fire brigades, coast guard, civil defense, and even night watchmen. Deployed along with the Wehrmacht army in the invasion of Poland in 1939, it had the task of terrorizing the civilian population of the conquered and colonized countries beginning in spring 1940. Williamson 2004, p. 101.

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