Oaxaca, Oaxaca

What is Oaxaca, Oaxaca known for?


cultural event

. This park has become a place for artists and artisans to display their wares. Festivals and traditions Guelaguetza thumb The new Guelaguetza Auditorium, completed in 2010. (File:Auditorio Guelaguetza en Oaxaca.jpg) The Guelaguetza, also known as the Fiestas de los Lunes del Cerro (Festivals of Mondays at the Hill) is the major cultural event in the city with origins in pre-Hispanic times. The "Hill" is the Cerro del Fortín, which was the scene of the annual rites to the goddess Centeótl, or goddess of the corn. The hill had a teocalli, or sacred plaza, built by the Aztecs. The ritual would end with the sacrifice of a young maiden chosen to represent the goddess. This rite was prohibited by the Spanish after the Conquest, who also destroyed the teocalli. In its place, they constructed the Church of Our Lady of Mount Carmen, now known as Carmen Alto. The recently baptized Mixtecs and Zapotecs then replaced ceremonies to Centeótl with those to this manifestation of the Virgin Mary, at the same place, the Cerro del Fortín. This revised festival grew over time to be the largest and most anticipated for the town. In 1932, the city of Oaxaca realized its 400th anniversary and decided to combine these festivities with those of the Cerro del Fortín, adding traditional dances, music, regional cuisine (Oaxacan cuisine) and Margarita Santaella as the first Miss Oaxaca, in addition to the religious rites. The word "guelaguetza" is from Zapotec and means offering, sympathy, caring and cooperation. This first Guelaguetza was such a hit that organizers decided to repeat it every year at the Cerro del Fortin, on all the Mondays of July starting in 1953, becoming an amalgam of Oaxacan festivals from many parts of the state. Originally, the festival took place at the foot of the Cerro del Fortín, where the curve of the land makes for a natural theatre. Since 1974, many of the events, which have grown in number, have been moved to a number of different venues, included the then-inaugurated Guelaguetza Auditorium. This is a Greek-style venue with seats 11,400 people. One venue is the Church of Santo Domingo de Guzmán, where regional band come to play, dressed in colorful costumes as part of the opening ceremonies. They march from here to the Oaxaca Cathedral, where they are joined by folk dance groups such as the China Oaxaqueñas, the Chilenas de Pinotepa Nacional and the Jarabes Serranos. Another major event, which takes place at the Jardin Socrates, is a beauty pageant for indigenous women from different regions of Oaxaca state. The winner represents the goddess Centeótl and presides over the festivities along with public officials. The Bamo-Stui-Gulal takes place at the Plaza de la Danza and represents the history of Oaxaca and the Guelaguetza itself. The Plaza is divided into four quadrants, each representing a different period in Oaxaca's history. One other event, hosted in the Auditorium is a reenactment of the Legend of Donají, which takes place at the time of the Conquest. On the streets of Oaxaca city, there are parades with children and giant paper mache puppets. Noche de Rábanos The "Noche de Rábano" or Night of the Radishes is a traditional Oaxaca city tradition. Artisans show off designs done on large radishes, often decorated with other plant materials. The event only lasts a few hours but draws most of the city's population to the main square to look at the creations. It occurs each year on 23 December. ''Becoming Naomi León'' came from a 1997 visit to the Mexican city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) to an annual Christmastime event called the "Night of the Radishes".


programs+breaking

. , USA (United States), and supported the Mexican Revolution of 1910 headed by Francisco I. Madero. When Madero was democratically elected president of Mexico, Vasconcelos led a structural change at the National Preparatory School, where he changed the scholar programs, breaking with the positivistic (positivism) influence. After Madero's assassination, promoted by the US ambassador Henry Lane Wilson, Vasconcelos organized a democratic movement in order to defeat the military regime of Victoriano Huerta. Soon after, he was exiled in Paris, where he met Julio Torri, Doctor Atl, Gabriele D'Annunzio and other intellectuals and artists of that time. thumb left Bust at the Instituto Campechano. (File:Vasconcelos en el Instituto Campechano - busto.jpg) DATE OF BIRTH 1882-02-28 PLACE OF BIRTH Oaxaca, Oaxaca, Mexico DATE OF DEATH 1959-06-30 *172 (Mexican Federal Highway 172): Minatitlán (Minatitlán, Veracruz), VER - Coatzacoalcos, VER *175 (Mexican Federal Highway 175): Buenavista (Buenavista, Veracruz), VER - Tuxtepec, OAX; Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca), OAX - Puerto Ángel, OAX *176 (Mexican Federal Highway 176): Cansahcab, YUC - Tizimín, YUC *188 (Mexican Federal Highway 188): Haltunchén, CAM - San Antonio Cayal, CAM *190 (Mexican Federal Highway 190): Puebla (Puebla, Puebla), PUE - Huajuapan de León, OAX - Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca), OAX - Tehuantepec, OAX - La Ventosa, OAX - Tapanatepec, OAX - Tuxtla Gutiérrez, CHIS - Ciudad Cuauhtémoc (Ciudad Cuauhtémoc, Chiapas), CHIS *190D (Mexican Federal Highway 190D): Tuxtla Gutiérrez, CHIS - San Cristóbal de las Casas, CHIS *Domestic scheduled destinations: Cancún, Chetumal, Cozumel, Huatulco, Ixtapa Zihuatanejo (Zihuatanejo), Mazatlán, Mérida (Mérida, Yucatán), Mexico City, Monterrey, Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca), Puerto Escondido (Puerto Escondido (Oaxaca)), Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Veracruz (Veracruz, Veracruz) and Villahermosa. '''El Árbol del Tule''' (Spanish (Spanish language) for '''The Tree of Tule''') is a tree located in the church grounds in the town center of Santa María del Tule in the Mexican state (States of Mexico) of Oaxaca, approximately 9 km east of the city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) on the road to Mitla. It is a Montezuma cypress (Taxodium mucronatum) (''Taxodium mucronatum''), or ''ahuehuete'' (meaning "old man of the water" in Nahuatl). It has the stout (wikt:stout)est trunk (trunk (botany)) of any tree in the world. In 2001 it was placed on a UNESCO tentative list of World Heritage Sites. ''Becoming Naomi León'' came from a 1997 visit to the Mexican city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) to an annual Christmastime event called the "Night of the Radishes".


advertising quot

name "mniches" Foreign customers demand more creative figures with little repetition. Prices abroad range from between three to five times the retail price in Oaxaca, with a median of $100 USD, with lowest usually around $10 and highest around $2,000. One of the most expensive pieces sold from a carving village occurred in 1995, when a doctor from Mexico City paid Isidro Cruz of Tilcajete the equivalent of $3000 USD for a piece entitled


romantic style

in various parts of the city. The most visible building is the Edificio Central de la Universidad (Central Building of the University), which is located in the historic downtown. It is in a building that originally housed the Sciences Institute. It was constructed between 1899 and 1901, in the European Romantic style that was popular for academic institutions at that time. However, indigenous touches, such as the crest (crest (heraldry))ing over the portal, can be seen as well. This building houses the Department of Law and Social Studies as well as the gymnasium. Additionally, the Universidad de Mesoamérica has locations in the city. The Universidad Anáhuac Oaxaca was opened in 2000. Transportation Oaxaca-Xoxocotlan airport (Xoxocotlán International Airport) (IATA code OAX) is approximately 7 km south of the city centre. Most flights are to Mexico City for onward connection, but there are also flights to Huatulco, Cancún, Tuxtla Gutierrez and Tijuana. United Airlines has flights between Oaxaca and Houston (Houston, Texas). The city has separate first class and second class bus stations, offering services to most places within the state of Oaxaca, including the coastal resorts of Huatulco, Puerto Escondido (Puerto Escondido (Oaxaca)), Puerto Ángel and Pinotepa Nacional, and also long-distance services to Puebla (Puebla (city)) and Mexico City and other Mexican locations such as Veracruz (Veracruz, Veracruz). There are several bus lines which run in Oaxaca. The largest is TUSUG, a type of "cooperative" company. All of the drivers own their own buses and are aided by other drivers in purchasing new buses. The major highways serving Oaxaca are Federal Highways 175 and 131 (Mexican Federal Highway), southwards to the Oaxacan coastal resorts; National Highways 190 and 125, southwest to Pinotepa Nacional; National Highways 190 and 130, to Mexico City; the autopista (List of Mexican autopistas) 150D 131D, offering a more rapid route to Mexico City; and National Highway 175 north to Veracruz, Veracruz. Surrounding towns A number of small towns surround the main city and are closely linked economically and culturally with the main city. Some of these towns are known for producing certain crafts that are identified with the three central valleys of Oaxaca. In these towns one can see the workshops and the crafts being produced in the traditional manner although most of these towns' products are sold in the main city. Santa María Atzompa produces glazed, glass-inlaid pottery of green, while San Antonio Arrazola and San Martín Tilcajete make alebrijes, small painted wooden figures. San Bartolo Coyotepec is known for its barro negro pottery, and Teotitlán del Valle works with wool and llama to make tapetes, or more commonly, throw rugs. These rugs are known for their intense colors, made traditionally with natural dyes, made from cempasúchil (yellow), cochineal (red) and indigo (blue). In addition, Oaxaca city and surrounding towns have market days, where one can visit the tianguis (open-air markets) set up for that day. There are markets on each day of the week. Monday in Miahuatlan (Miahuatlán de Porfirio Díaz) is for buying daily staples, and Tuesday, in Ayoquezco (Ayoquezco de Aldama) is noted for wood furniture. On Wednesday, people head to Etla (Villa de Etla) and Zimatlán (Zimatlán de Alvarez) for dairy products, especially cheese. Thursday is reserved for the two largest ''tianguis'' in Ejutla (Ejutla de Crespo) and Villa de Zaachila. On Friday, in Coyotepec, Jalietza and Ocotlán (Ocotlán (Oaxaca)) cotton textiles, embroidered blouses, corn-husk flowers and glazed pottery from Atzompa are sold. Also Llano park in Oaxaca has a small market. Saturday is reserved for the main city of Oaxaca, and to finish, on Sunday mezcal is sold in Tlacolula (Tlacolula de Matamoros). Municipality of Oaxaca As municipal seat, Oaxaca city has governmental jurisdiction over the following communities: Arbolada Ilusión, Camino a San Luis Beltrán, Camino Ancho, Casas del Sol, Colonia Buena Vista, El Bajío (Rancho Guadalupe Victoria), El Silencio, Entrada de el Silencio, Gloria Antonio Cruz, Guadalupe Victoria, Guadalupe Victoria Segunda Sección (La Mina), Lachigulera, Las Salinas (El Arco Grande), Loma Bonita, Lomas Panorámicas, Los Ángeles, Los Ángeles Uno, Miravalle, Paraje Caballetiyo, Paraje el Cerrito, Paraje el Pando, Paraje la Canoa, Paraje la Loma, Paraje la Mina, Paraje la Rabonera, Paraje Pio V (Ojito de Agua), Paraje Tierra Colorada, Pueblo Nuevo Parte Alta, Rancho el Chilar, Rancho los Girasoles, San Bernardo, Solidaridad, and Viguera The municipality has a total area of 85.48 km2 and a population of 265,006, 97% percent of which lives in the city of Oaxaca ''Becoming Naomi León'' came from a 1997 visit to the Mexican city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) to an annual Christmastime event called the "Night of the Radishes".


military position

for thousands of years, especially in connection with the important ancient centers of Monte Albán and Mitla, which are close to modern Oaxaca city. The Aztecs entered the valley in 1440 and named it "Huaxyacac," a Nahuatl phrase meaning "among the huaje" (Leucaena leucocephala) trees. A strategic military position was created here, at what is now called the Cerro (large hill) del Fortín to keep an eye on the Zapotec capital


important ancient

''Becoming Naomi León'' came from a 1997 visit to the Mexican city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) to an annual Christmastime event called the "Night of the Radishes".


quot advertising

name "mniches" Foreign customers demand more creative figures with little repetition. Prices abroad range from between three to five times the retail price in Oaxaca, with a median of $100 USD, with lowest usually around $10 and highest around $2,000. One of the most expensive pieces sold from a carving village occurred in 1995, when a doctor from Mexico City paid Isidro Cruz of Tilcajete the equivalent of $3000 USD for a piece entitled


making family

in the development and promotion of barro negro is the work Carlomagno Pedro Martinez. He was born in San Bartolo Coyotepec into a pottery-making family. He was named after Charlemagne by his grandmother, who was an admirer of the king. From a young age, he showed talent in fashioning figures in clay. When he was grown, he attended the Fine Arts Workshop of Rufino Tamayo in Oaxaca city (Oaxaca, Oaxaca). He has become the first potter sculptor in the medium, winning his first recognition in 1985 for his work. His fame increased with his development of human skulls made of barro negro in the years that followed. Each piece Carlomagno makes is unique in some way, but certain themes such as oral histories, indigenous legends, certain Christian themes and death, called "our grandmother." In Mexico, he has exhibited his work in dozens of expositions and has won three national level awards. His work has also been featured in five published books. Martinez’s work has also been exhibited in countries such as the United States, Colombia, Argentina, Lebanon, Germany, Spain and Japan, with one of his latest exhibits in New York in 2008. In that same year, he created a mural in barro negro at the Baseball Academy in San Bartolo Coyotepec sponsored by the Alfredo Harp Helú Foundation. The craft is made in San Bartolo Coyotepec and a large number of small communities in the surrounding valley, where the clay that gives it its color is found. ''Becoming Naomi León'' came from a 1997 visit to the Mexican city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) to an annual Christmastime event called the "Night of the Radishes".


major event

from here to the Oaxaca Cathedral, where they are joined by folk dance groups such as the China Oaxaqueñas, the Chilenas de Pinotepa Nacional and the Jarabes Serranos. Another major event, which takes place at the Jardin Socrates, is a beauty pageant for indigenous women from different regions of Oaxaca state. The winner represents the goddess Centeótl and presides over the festivities along with public officials. The Bamo-Stui-Gulal takes place at the Plaza de la Danza and represents the history


local sweet

used as money. The chocolate prepared in this city is well-known within Mexico, as it is distinguished by being flavored with cinnamon, almonds and sugar and is usually prepared with hot water or milk. It is usually served in large coffee cups with a local sweet roll. The best-known producer of this type of chocolate is Chocolate El Mayordomo (Mayordomo (chocolate)), which recently has opened outlets in various parts of Mexico, esp. in Mexico City. In their main store in Oaxaca City, you can see them prepare the various types of chocolates they prepare including a chocolate pasta. Notable Oaxacans *Benito Juárez *Porfirio Díaz *José Vasconcelos *Ricardo Flores Magón *Rodolfo Morales, artist *Rufino Tamayo, artist *Francisco Toledo, artist *Lila Downs, singer *Vinny Castilla, Major League Baseball player *Gerónimo Gil, Major League Baseball player *Macedonio Alcalá composer *Nadia Yvonne Lopez Ayuso, singer *Maria Sabina, shaman *Carlos María de Bustamante, statesman *Ritchie Ortiz Juárez, Actor Education right thumb One of the main buildings on the campus of the Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca (Image:Rectoria, Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca.jpg) In terms of institutions of higher education Oaxaca has several universities. Oaxaca is the site of the '''Universidad Autónoma Benito Juárez de Oaxaca''', which has buildings in various parts of the city. The most visible building is the Edificio Central de la Universidad (Central Building of the University), which is located in the historic downtown. It is in a building that originally housed the Sciences Institute. It was constructed between 1899 and 1901, in the European Romantic style that was popular for academic institutions at that time. However, indigenous touches, such as the crest (crest (heraldry))ing over the portal, can be seen as well. This building houses the Department of Law and Social Studies as well as the gymnasium. Additionally, the Universidad de Mesoamérica has locations in the city. The Universidad Anáhuac Oaxaca was opened in 2000. Transportation Oaxaca-Xoxocotlan airport (Xoxocotlán International Airport) (IATA code OAX) is approximately 7 km south of the city centre. Most flights are to Mexico City for onward connection, but there are also flights to Huatulco, Cancún, Tuxtla Gutierrez and Tijuana. United Airlines has flights between Oaxaca and Houston (Houston, Texas). The city has separate first class and second class bus stations, offering services to most places within the state of Oaxaca, including the coastal resorts of Huatulco, Puerto Escondido (Puerto Escondido (Oaxaca)), Puerto Ángel and Pinotepa Nacional, and also long-distance services to Puebla (Puebla (city)) and Mexico City and other Mexican locations such as Veracruz (Veracruz, Veracruz). There are several bus lines which run in Oaxaca. The largest is TUSUG, a type of "cooperative" company. All of the drivers own their own buses and are aided by other drivers in purchasing new buses. The major highways serving Oaxaca are Federal Highways 175 and 131 (Mexican Federal Highway), southwards to the Oaxacan coastal resorts; National Highways 190 and 125, southwest to Pinotepa Nacional; National Highways 190 and 130, to Mexico City; the autopista (List of Mexican autopistas) 150D 131D, offering a more rapid route to Mexico City; and National Highway 175 north to Veracruz, Veracruz. Surrounding towns A number of small towns surround the main city and are closely linked economically and culturally with the main city. Some of these towns are known for producing certain crafts that are identified with the three central valleys of Oaxaca. In these towns one can see the workshops and the crafts being produced in the traditional manner although most of these towns' products are sold in the main city. Santa María Atzompa produces glazed, glass-inlaid pottery of green, while San Antonio Arrazola and San Martín Tilcajete make alebrijes, small painted wooden figures. San Bartolo Coyotepec is known for its barro negro pottery, and Teotitlán del Valle works with wool and llama to make tapetes, or more commonly, throw rugs. These rugs are known for their intense colors, made traditionally with natural dyes, made from cempasúchil (yellow), cochineal (red) and indigo (blue). In addition, Oaxaca city and surrounding towns have market days, where one can visit the tianguis (open-air markets) set up for that day. There are markets on each day of the week. Monday in Miahuatlan (Miahuatlán de Porfirio Díaz) is for buying daily staples, and Tuesday, in Ayoquezco (Ayoquezco de Aldama) is noted for wood furniture. On Wednesday, people head to Etla (Villa de Etla) and Zimatlán (Zimatlán de Alvarez) for dairy products, especially cheese. Thursday is reserved for the two largest ''tianguis'' in Ejutla (Ejutla de Crespo) and Villa de Zaachila. On Friday, in Coyotepec, Jalietza and Ocotlán (Ocotlán (Oaxaca)) cotton textiles, embroidered blouses, corn-husk flowers and glazed pottery from Atzompa are sold. Also Llano park in Oaxaca has a small market. Saturday is reserved for the main city of Oaxaca, and to finish, on Sunday mezcal is sold in Tlacolula (Tlacolula de Matamoros). Municipality of Oaxaca As municipal seat, Oaxaca city has governmental jurisdiction over the following communities: Arbolada Ilusión, Camino a San Luis Beltrán, Camino Ancho, Casas del Sol, Colonia Buena Vista, El Bajío (Rancho Guadalupe Victoria), El Silencio, Entrada de el Silencio, Gloria Antonio Cruz, Guadalupe Victoria, Guadalupe Victoria Segunda Sección (La Mina), Lachigulera, Las Salinas (El Arco Grande), Loma Bonita, Lomas Panorámicas, Los Ángeles, Los Ángeles Uno, Miravalle, Paraje Caballetiyo, Paraje el Cerrito, Paraje el Pando, Paraje la Canoa, Paraje la Loma, Paraje la Mina, Paraje la Rabonera, Paraje Pio V (Ojito de Agua), Paraje Tierra Colorada, Pueblo Nuevo Parte Alta, Rancho el Chilar, Rancho los Girasoles, San Bernardo, Solidaridad, and Viguera The municipality has a total area of 85.48 km2 and a population of 265,006, 97% percent of which lives in the city of Oaxaca ''Becoming Naomi León'' came from a 1997 visit to the Mexican city of Oaxaca (Oaxaca, Oaxaca) to an annual Christmastime event called the "Night of the Radishes".

Oaxaca, Oaxaca

The city and municipality of '''Oaxaca de Juárez,''' or simply Oaxaca, is the capital and largest city of the Mexican state of the same name (Oaxaca). It is located in the Centro District (Centro District, Oaxaca) in the Central Valleys (Valles Centrales de Oaxaca) region of the state, in the foothills of the Sierra Madre at the base of the Cerro del Fortín extending to the banks of the Atoyac River (Atoyac River (Oaxaca)).

It is nicknamed "la Verde Antequera" (the green Antequera) due to its prior name (Nueva Antequera) and the variety of structures built from a native green stone. The name Oaxaca is derived from the Nahuatl name for the place, Huaxyacac, which was Hispanicized to Guajaca, later spelled Oaxaca. "de Juárez" was added in honor of Benito Juárez, who was a native of this state. The coat of arms for the municipality bears the image of the decapitated Donaji, who was an indigenous princess in the years immediately after the Conquest.

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