Northern Wei

What is Northern Wei known for?


420

. History Rise of the Tuoba Xianbei The Jin Dynasty (Jin Dynasty (265-420)) had developed an alliance with the Tuoba against the Xiongnu state Han Zhao. In 315 the Tuoba chief was granted the title of the Prince of Dai (State of Dai). After the death of its founding prince, Tuoba Yilu, however, the Dai state stagnated and largely remained a partial ally and a partial tributary state to Later Zhao and Former Yan, finally falling to Former Qin in 376. After

of the Xianbei Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei were married to Han Chinese elites, like Princess Lanling 蘭陵公主 to Liu Hui 刘辉, who was a descendant of Liu Song royalty who fled north to the Xianbei in exile, Princess Huayang 華陽公主 to Sima Fei 司馬朏, a descendant of Jin dynasty (265–420) royalty, Princess Jinan 濟南公主 to Lu Daoqian 盧道虔, Princess Nanyang 南阳长公主 to Xiao Baoyin 萧宝夤, a member of Southern Qi royalty. Image:Buddhist Stela Northern Wei period.jpg thumb right 180px A Buddhist stela

of Yuan (Yuan (surname)) Won(元) clan *from Liu Zhi Yuan (Gaozu of Later Han)(劉知遠) of Shatuo(沙陀) later Han (Later Han Dynasty (Five Dynasties)), branch of Shi (Shi (disambiguation))(石) clan in Later Jin Dynasty Image:Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove.jpg ''Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove'', an Eastern Jin (Jin Dynasty (265-420)) tomb painting from Nanjing, now located in the Shaanxi Provincial Museum. Image:Buddhist paintings Yungang.jpg Northern Wei wall murals


size quot

of Northern Wei, Yellow represents the territory of Liu Song - - colspan 5 align "center" Territory at the beginning: ■  Blue represents the territory of Northern Wei, ■  Yellow represents the territory of Liu Song. The Jin Dynasty was severely weakened after the War of the Eight


art style

, were responsible for bringing Korean icons to Japan." Particularly, the semi-seated Maitreya form was adapted into a highly developed Ancient Greek art style which was transmitted to Japan as evidenced by the Kōryū-ji Miroku (Maitreya) Bosatsu and the Chūgū-ji Siddhartha (Gautama Buddha) statues. "Archaic smile", Britannica Online Encyclopedia, Artistically, the period can be further divided into two periods, the Asuka


landscape paintings

and as a World Heritage Site because Goguryeo painting was influential in East Asia, including Japan, an example being the wall murals of Horyu-ji which was influenced by Goguryeo. Mural painting also spread to the other two kingdoms. The murals portrayed Buddhist themes and provide valuable clues about kingdom such as architecture and clothing. These murals were also the very beginnings of Korean landscape paintings and portraiture. However, the treasures of the tombs were easily


historical position

, later serving the Northern Wei. Upon the conquest of the Chen Dynasty by Sui (Sui Dynasty) in 589, members of the southern ruling elite, such as Yuan Xian (袁憲), were moved to the capital Chang'an where they continued to serve in government. Xu Yuqing (2005) 陈郡袁氏的历史地位和作用 ("The position and historical position of the Yuan clan of Chen commandery"). Retrieved 15 November 2005. ref>


heavy wooden

that the Warring-States-Era heavy wooden yoke placed around a horse's chest was replaced by the softer ''breast strap''. Later, during the Northern Wei (386–534 CE), the fully developed horse collar was invented. Needham (1986c), 308–312, 319–323. Many of the Turkic peoples have their homelands


li hu

; A number of Tang Dynasty noblemen trace their ancestry directly to the Chen Yuan. Background and early career Li Yuan's seventh-generation ancestor was Li Gao, the founder of the Sixteen Kingdoms state Western Liang. After Western Liang's destruction, Li Gao's grandson Li Chong'er (李重耳) served as a Northern Wei official, but for several generations after that, Li Yuan's ancestors had only minor military titles. Li Yuan's grandfather Li Hu (李虎) served as a major general

under Western Wei's paramount general Yuwen Tai, and was created the Duke of Longxi and given the Xianbei surname Daye (大野). Li Hu died before Yuwen Tai's son Emperor Xiaomin of Northern Zhou founded Northern Zhou, but was posthumously created the Duke of Tang after Northern Zhou's founding. His son and Li Yuan's father Li Bing (李昺) inherited the title of the Duke of Tang and married a daughter of the prominent general Dugu Xin (獨孤信). Li Bing died in 572, and Li Yuan inherited


national strength

. Furthermore, through Emperor Wen's extensive efforts at good governance, the economic situation of the South was greatly improved, restoring his kingdom's national strength. Tiefu & Xia (260–431) The northern Tiefu branch of the Xiongnu gained control of the Inner Mongolian region in the 10 years between the conquest of the Tuoba Xianbei state of Dai by the Former Qin empire in 376, and its restoration in 386 as the Northern Wei. After 386, the Tiefu


414

;br Tianci (天賜 tiān cì) 404-409 - Ming Yuan Di (Emperor Mingyuan of Northern Wei) (明元帝 míng yuán dì) Tuoba Si (拓拔嗣 tuò bá sì) 409-423 Yongxing (永興 yǒng xīng) 409-413 Shenrui (神瑞 shén ruì) 414-416 Taichang (泰常 tài cháng) 416-423 - Tai Wu Di (Emperor Taiwu of Northern Wei) (太武帝 tài wǔ dì) Tuoba Tao (拓拔燾 tuò bá táo) 424-452 Shiguang (始光 shǐ guāng) 424-428 Shenjia (神䴥 shén jiā) 428-431 Yanhe (延和 yán hé) 432-434 Taiyan (太延 tài yán) 435-440

into Northern Wei territory; crushing defeat for the Later Yan forces. During the Sixteen Kingdoms (304-439) period, the Xianbei founded six kingdoms in China proper, including the Former Yan (281-370), Western Yan (384-394), Later Yan (384-407), Southern Yan (398-410), Western Qin (385-430) and Southern Liang (397-414). Most of them were unified by the Tuoba Xianbei, who established the Northern Wei (386-535), which was the first of the Northern Dynasties

(281-370), Western Yan (384-394), Later Yan (383-407), Southern Yan (398-410), Western Qin (385-430) and Southern Liang (397-414). Most of them were unified by the Tuoba Xianbei, who established the Northern Wei (386-535), which was the first of the Northern Dynasties (386-581) founded by the Xianbei. Ma, Changshou 馬長壽 (1962). Wuhuan yu Xianbei Wuhuan and Xianbei 烏桓與鮮卑. Shanghai 上海 , Shanghai ren min chu ban she Shanghai People's Press 上海人民出版社.<


study published

, the Megalithic Portal, ed. A. Burnham, 2007 '''Xue''' is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese surname 薛 (Xuē), '''Hsueh''' in the Wade-Giles system, and '''Sit''' in the Cantonese system. In Korean, the hanja corresponds to '''Seol''' (설) and in Japanese the kanji corresponds to '''Setsu'''. According to a study published in 2006, it is the 76th most common Chinese surname. In a study by geneticist Yuan Yida

Northern Wei

c 北魏 p Běi Wèi w Pei Wei l Northern Wei j Bak1 Ngai6 y Bāk Ngaih poj Pak Guī thumb 200px '''Northern Wei''' Buddha (Image:NorthernWeiMaitreya.JPG) Maitreya, 443 CE (443). thumb 200 px '''Northern Wei''' Buddhist (Image:NorthernWei489.JPG) statue. Dated 489. Tokyo National Museum. The '''Northern Wei''' ( ), also known as the '''Tuoba Wei''' (拓跋魏), '''Later Wei''' (後魏), or '''Yuan Wei''' (元魏), was a dynasty founded by the Tuoba clan of the Xianbei, which ruled northern China from 386 to 534 (''de jure'' until 535). Described as "part of an era of political turbulence and intense social and cultural change", Katherine R. Tsiang, p. 222 the Northern Wei Dynasty is particularly noted for unifying northern China in 439: this was also a period of introduced foreign ideas; such as Buddhism, which became firmly established. Many antiques and art works, both Daoist and Buddhist, from this period have survived. During the Taihe period (477-499) of Emperor Xiaowen (Emperor Xiaowen of Northern Wei), court advisers instituted sweeping reforms and introduced changes that eventually led to the dynasty moving its capital from Datong to Luoyang, in 494. It was the time of the construction of the Yungang Grottoes near Datong during the mid-to-late 5th century, and towards the latter part of the dynasty, the Longmen Caves outside the later capital city of Luoyang, in which more than 30,000 Buddhist images from the time of this dynasty have been found. The Tuoba renamed themselves the Yuan (Yuan (surname)#Adoption by non-Han peoples) as a part of systematic Sinicization. Towards the end of the dynasty there was significant internal dissension resulting in a split into Eastern Wei and Western Wei.

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