resident. Its format and style were similar to ''The Onion''. According to author and historian Tom Mahon, "There were many contradictions and weaknesses in O'Donnnell's polemic. In reality, the IRA was a ''Petite bourgeoisie'' conspiratorial organisation rather than a workers' and peasants' army. It was firmly routed in the nineteenth century concept of a nationalist revolution and its few socialists were largely peripheral to the organisation. Kevin O'Higgins, a leading Sinn Fein activist during the Anglo-Irish War, famously said, 'We were probably the most conservative-minded revolutionaries who ever put through a successful revolution.' Additionally, O'Donnell failed to justify the IRA's refusal to acknowledge the wishes of the majority of the southern Irish population who supported the Free State. Most glaring of all, he had no satisfactory explanation of what to do with the Protestant working-class in Northern Ireland, who were prepared to take up arms to prevent their 'liberation' by the IRA. Despite the many flaws of his argument, he has received much serious attention from historians and biographers." Tom Mahon & James J. Gillogly, ''Decoding the IRA'', Mercier Press, 2008. Pages 80-81. Personal life The son of an international lawyer (who formulated laws that enable containers to go round the world), he was raised in Nigeria, the Sudan and Kenya before being sent to the Catholic boarding school Stonyhurst College in the UK. Although his father moved to Northern Ireland and his mother to Germany after divorcing, most of Awde's teenage home life was spent in Soho and the West End of London. He studied Arabic and Hausa (Hausa language) at London's School of Oriental and African Studies, later becoming a journalist after working for several years on building sites and teaching English in Spain. alias origin Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK (United Kingdom) genre Indie (Indie (music)) '''Language of Flowers''' are a five piece indie-pop band originally from Belfast in Northern Ireland signed to San Francisco indie label Shelflife Records. As of 2006 its members are located in London, Manchester and Belfast. The band's sound is characteristic of the British C86 (C86 (music)) movement with heavy use of jangling Rickenbacker 12-string guitars, airy female vocals and bright pop melodies. In 1962, he joined Fianna Fáil, and at the 1969 general election (Irish general election, 1969), Brugha stood unsuccessfully as a Fianna Fáil candidate in Dublin County South (Dublin County South (Dáil Éireann constituency)). He was then elected to the 12th Seanad on the Industrial and Commercial Panel, and at the 1973 general election (Irish general election, 1973), he won the seat, replacing former Fianna Fáil running mate Kevin Boland, who stood for his new Aontacht Éireann party. After that election, Fine Gael and Labour (Labour Party (Ireland)) formed the National Coalition (Government of the 20th Dáil) government, and Fianna Fáil went into opposition for the first time in 16 years. In 1974 Jack Lynch appointed Brugha as Fianna Fáil spokesman on Northern Ireland, where he helped reshape the party's policy and supported the Cosgrave (Liam Cosgrave) government over the Sunningdale (Sunningdale Agreement) power-sharing agreement. bgcolor "#efefef" Location bgcolor "#dfefff" Lurgan, Northern Ireland, UK ----- '''Garvagh''' (pronounced WikiPedia:Northern Ireland Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Northern Ireland commons:Northern Ireland
it comes to homosexuality. This is not necessarily due to the people being averse to it, but rather the fact that there are virtually no examples of any gay and lesbian communities outside Central Belfast. It should be noted, however, that parts of the capital (for example the University Quarter) are perfectly safe and accepting of gay and lesbian people, with both of Belfast's universities incorporating active LGBT societies. However, there have been issues of more severe racism in parts
in February 2004 changed this. Peter McCarthy died at the Royal Sussex Hospital in Brighton on 6 October 2004. '''Magilligan''' (named after "MacGilligans country (Keenaght (barony))") peninsula lies in the northwest of County Londonderry, Northern Ireland, at the entrance to Lough Foyle. It is a huge 32 km 2 coastal site, part British army firing range, part nature
ˌʃɪnˈfeɪn , )-- is an unregistered Although an active movement, RSF is not registered as a political party in either Northern Ireland or the Republic of Ireland. minor political party operating in Ireland. It emerged in 1986 as a result of a split in Sinn Féin. The party views itself as representing "true" or "traditional" Irish republicanism, while in the mainstream media the party
in Economics, and a MA (Master of Arts (postgraduate)) in Social Policy and Administration (public administration). She joined the Labour Party in 1978. In 1979, she became a research and development worker with Outset, a charity working with disabled people (disability), before joining the Hackney London Borough Council in 1983 initially as a senior disability officer, and from 1986 a public health officer. She went to work for the Labour Party
: a Celebration of James Young year 2003 publisher Brehon Press location Belfast isbn 0-954-48670-6 Due in part to the praise for his performance in ''A Story For Today'', Young was offered a role in the Ulster Group Theatre's (Ulster Hall) production of Joseph Tomelty's (Joseph Tomelty) ''Right Again, Barnum''
, this professedly cross-community campaign ignited fears of IRA-inspired subversion among Unionists, and the resulting violent backlash in turn revived the Provisional IRA (the "Provos") as an armed or terrorist force. The PIRA launched a violent campaign (Provisional IRA campaign 1969-1997) against the state of Northern Ireland, with the aim of creating a new, all-Ireland Irish Republic. The "Troubles" that emerged from these struggles lasted until the late 1990s. (See History of Northern Ireland.) WikiPedia:Northern Ireland Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Northern Ireland commons:Northern Ireland
page__p__364848#entry364848 title Police Mess Dress - Gentleman's Military Interest Club accessdate 2012-03-16 In 1982, after spending eight years with the Royal Green Jackets, he decided to attempt SAS selection (United Kingdom Special Forces Selection). Having failed his first attempt he finally passed in 1984, and transferred to the SAS. While serving with Air Troop, B Squadron, 22 SAS for ten years, McNab worked on both covert (Covert operation) and overt operations
undercover to Northern Ireland to find information to arrest Billy Downes (Derek Thompson (Derek Thompson (actor))), a Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) gunman. The series' theme tune (Theme from Harry's Game) was performed by Clannad (Clannad (musical group)) and was successfully released as a single, reaching the top five in both Ireland and the United Kingdom and bringing Clannad its first major international exposure. Outside France, one can find them in other countries including Switzerland, Mozambique, South Africa, Canada, Jordan, Israel, Brazil, United Kingdom (outside Hertford House which houses The Wallace Collection and at Lisburn in Northern Ireland), Grenada in the West Indies, USA (Westwood, California and New Orleans), Spain (Barcelona) and Portugal (Lisbon). Army child Darren Lee Ford, born in Tidworth, Hampshire, spent much of his childhood travelling around Northern Ireland, Germany and England, where his father was stationed before attending boarding school near Dover WikiPedia:Northern Ireland Dmoz:Regional Europe United Kingdom Northern Ireland commons:Northern Ireland
: www.hoganstand.com monaghan ArticleForm.aspx?ID 66932 Hogan Stand Profile Hogan Stand, 10 December 2005; Retrieved on 30 June 2009 This was followed by the Market Place in Armagh, Northern Ireland. This elegant arts centre won numerous design awards, including an RIBA regional award. '''Macosquin''' ( ) Placenames NI http
leader_title4 Prime Minister (Prime Minister of the United Kingdom) leader_name4 David Cameron leader_title5 Secretary of State (Secretary of State for Northern Ireland) leader_name5 Theresa Villiers sovereignty_type Devolution (History of Northern Ireland) established_event1 established_date1 3 May 1921 established_event2 established_date2 18 July 1973 established_event3 established_date3 17 July 1974 established_event4 established_date4 19 November 1998 legislature Northern Ireland Assembly area_rank area_magnitude 1 E10 area_km2 13,843 area_sq_mi 5,345 percent_water population_estimate 1,841,245 NISRA Population Clock population_estimate_rank population_estimate_year 2014 population_census 1,810,863 population_census_year 2011 population_density_km2 131 population_density_sq_mi 339 population_density_rank GDP_PPP_year 2011 GDP_PPP $45.22 billion GDP_PPP_per_capita $25197 GDP_nominal_year 2011 GDP_nominal $48.36 billion GDP_nominal_per_capita $25859 GDP_nominal_rank currency Pound sterling currency_code GBP country_code UKN time_zone GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) date_format dd mm yyyy (AD (Anno Domini)) drives_on left utc_offset ​ time_zone_DST BST (British Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +1 calling_code +44 (Telephone numbers in the United Kingdom) footnote_a Northern Ireland has no official language. The use of English has been established through precedent. Irish and Ulster Scots are officially recognised by the British Government as minority languages. footnote_b +44 is always followed by 28 when calling landlines. The code is 028 within the UK and 048 from the Republic of Ireland
'''Northern Ireland''' (
Northern Ireland was created in 1921, when Ireland was partitioned (Partition of Ireland) between Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland by an act (Government of Ireland Act 1920) of the British parliament. Unlike Southern Ireland, which would become the Irish Free State in 1922, the majority of Northern Ireland's population were unionists (Unionism in Ireland) or loyalists (Ulster loyalism), who wanted to remain within the United Kingdom. Historically, Northern Ireland was marked by discrimination and hostility between these two communities in what Nobel Peace Prize-winner David Trimble called a "cold house" for Catholics. In the late 1960s, conflict between the two communities, and involving state forces, erupted into three decades of violence known as the Troubles, which claimed over 3,000 lives and caused over 50,000 casualties. Security and defense-related statistics. Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN) (Conflict Archive on the Internet) The Good Friday Agreement in 1998 was a major step in the peace process (Northern Ireland peace process) although sectarianism and religious segregation still remain major social problems.
Northern Ireland has historically been the most industrialised region of the island. After declining as a result of the political and social turmoil of the Troubles, and down by 1.2 percentage points over the year, Department of Enterprise, Trade, and Investment: Full Economic Overview, 15 October 2014 similar to the UK figure of 6.2%. The Guardian newspaper:UK unemployment rate falls to lowest level since 2008 financial crisis, 17 September 2014 58.2% of those unemployed had been unemployed for over a year.
Prominent artists and sports persons (Culture of Northern Ireland) from Northern Ireland include Van Morrison, Rory McIlroy, Joey Dunlop and George Best. Some from that part of the island prefer to identify as Irish (e.g., poet Seamus Heaney and actor Liam Neeson). Cultural links between Northern Ireland, the rest of Ireland, and the rest of the UK are complex, with Northern Ireland sharing both the culture of Ireland and the culture of the United Kingdom. In most sports, the island of Ireland fields a single team, a notable exception being association football. Northern Ireland competes separately (Northern Ireland at the Commonwealth Games) at the Commonwealth Games, and athletes from Northern Ireland may compete for either Great Britain (Great Britain at the Olympics) or Ireland (Ireland at the Olympics) at the Olympic Games.