'') thumbnail right Port of Duisburg (File:Duisburger Innenhafen Five Boats Abend 2014.jpg) at dusk thumbnail right ''Schloss Moyland'', one of the many castles of North Rhine-Westphalia (File:Schloss Moyland Panorama, 1.jpg) Other destinations Understand North Rhine-Westphalia (short version NRW) is a German state and founded 1946 by the British government. The state capital is Dusseldorf while Cologne is the most populated. It consists of, as the name indicates, the province Westphalia in the east and the northern Rhinelands in the west. The hyphen symbolizes the attempt to bind people whose nature is so very incompatible and stands also for the gap between the ethnic groups. This gap runs from the southeast to the northwest for 283 km across the state. The Westphalian is said to be a little bit tight-lipped but very reliable while the Rhinelanders are full of life and sometimes a little bit noisy. Knowing this makes it easier for a visitor to understand some attitudes, furthermore handle it like the locals: take it lightly. The northern part of North Rhine-Westphalia is flat farmland and is known for its expertise in horse breeding, while the southern part is mountainous, up to 1000 m above sea level. Its numerous brooks turned the wheels of numerous handicrafts before the steam engine was invented. In the middle of all aspects, geographic and ethnic, there exists the Ruhr Area (Ruhrgebiet), the name of the river at whose banks the region is situated. It arose during the past 150 years by immigrants from all over Europe but has strong roots in Westphalia and the Rhinelands also. The region was and still is a bit the heart of heavy industry in Germany, based on coal and steel. Althrough mining has come to an end, the people strongly derive their identity from heavy industry. North Rhine-Westphalia has about 18 million inhabitants, which makes it the most populous state in Germany and the fourth largest in area. The Ruhr is the third largest urban region in Middle Europe, after London and Paris. Also, 34 of the 100 largest companies in Germany and 9 of the 100 largest European companies have their headquarter in North Rhine-Westphalia. Talk In most large cities the regular ''Hochdeutsch'' is spoken everyday, due to the communities there being mixtures of locals and immigrants from all parts of Germany, Europe and the world. The local dialects are mostly present in the form of unique vocabulary, otherwise you should find local German easy to understand (if you know any, that is). In larger cities, English is spoken by those performing service jobs, and chances are any person you encounter would speak at least some English too. Do note, however, that this is not a rule and you may still encounter persons who do not speak communicative English. Get in The major airports within North Rhine-Westphalia are: * Dusseldorf Airport (Düsseldorf#By plane) - one of Germany's largest airports, with intercontinental flights, as well as connections to all major European cities and aviation hubs * Cologne-Bonn Airport (Cologne#By plane) - just an hour away from the former, very well connected to the rest of Germany, as well as Europe, with flights to even smaller airports across the continent * Dortmund Airport (Dortmund#By plane) - mostly used by low-fare carriers who avoid the lofty fees of the other two airports Additionally, both Bonn, Cologne and Düsseldorf, as well as many other cities in the region, can be reached by a direct high-speed train from Frankfurt Airport. Get around Public transport is very good with a high density. You need only one ticket for local, regional train '''RB''' and regional express trains '''RE''' (no high-speed trains), light rail systems '''S-Bahn''', metro (U-Bahn Stadtbahn), trams (Straßenbahn) and buses in the whole North Rhine-Westphalia. You don't need to purchase another ticket when you change from local train to bus, light rail and tram. Example: You purchased a ticket from Aachen to Wuppertal for local, regional and express trains. With this ticket, you can use the monorail (Schwebebahn) and the city buses in Wuppertal. See There is plenty to see and explore in the NRW. The most obvious recommendations are the large cities, with both rich history and bustling contemporary life, full of events, including the famous Carnival of Cologne. But if you want to escape from the hustle and bustle, the Eifel mountains in the southeast are a very different environment, peaceful, quiet and full of great sights. Do Eat There is no particular North Rhine or Westphalian cuisine, but this doesn't mean you are not in for some culinary delights. Due to the abundance of ethnic minorities, there is a variety ethnic restaurants of all shapes and sizes - from the local Doner Kebab stand to exquisity fine dining establishments. Of note is the fact that Düsseldorf has a sizeable Japanese population (1% of the city), which is there mostly due to Japanese companies having their European headquarters there. Therefore, you will find quite a few higher-end Japanese restaurants in the city. Drink Beer is the drink of choice in the region, with every city being proud of local breweries and the unique kinds and brands of beer that they make - like the ''Kölsch'' in Cologne. Head over to the local Bierkeller and mingle with the locals if you speak some German (or just enjoy the atmosphere and people-watch, if you don't). In larger cities you will also find other kinds of busy nightlife, with nightclubs catering to various cultural groups and music tastes. Sleep As the area is densely urban and well-travelled by both business and leisure travellers, the accommodation base is plentiful and offers a wide choice, from exquisite boutique hotels in historic monuments, through efficient and comfortable business-oriented hotels down to small and cozy (and inexpensive) local ''Pensions''. Go next * Lower Saxony forms a geographic continuum with Westphalia, and offers all kinds of attractions, bot natural, historic and modern * Rheinland-Palatinate and Hesse are further up the river Rhine, and you can get there by all means of transportation, including boats. Apart from beautiful natural landscapes and world-famous wineries, you can also visit another major German city, Frankfurt, which has frequent and fast railway connections with both Dusseldorf, Cologne and Bonn * Netherlands and Belgium border North-Rhine Westphalia, and there are many transportation options to get there, even for a day trip Commons:Category:North Rhine-Westphalia Dmoz:Regional Europe Germany States North Rhine-Westphalia Wikipedia:North Rhine-Westphalia
; rowspan "3" *Westphalia **Münsterland (Münster (region)) **Minden-Ravensberg **Prince-Bishopric Paderborn **Sauerland **Siegerland **Tecklenburger Land *Lippe **Lipper Land, the region of the ancient free state - valign "top" '''Köln (Cologne (region))''' center 60px Regierungsbezirk Köln (File:NRW rbkoeln grey.png) valign "top" '''Detmold (Detmold (region))''' File:RB Detmold.svg
from Sony Pictures Television International, to Launch in Germany date 2007-05-14 accessdate 2007-05-14
-channel-expands-into-germany-with-unity-media title Animax Channel Expands into Germany with Unity Media publisher Anime News Network date 2007-05-14 accessdate 2007-05-14 Animax launched in the country from June 5, 2007 on Unity Media's digital subscription television service in the regions of North Rhine-Westphalia, Hesse and other regions. ref name "variety-animaxgermany
'', ''School Rumble'', ''The Candidate for Goddess'', ''X (X (manga))'' and numerous others. The former '''Royal Air Force Station Rheindahlen''', more commonly known as '''RAF Rheindahlen''', was a non-flying Royal Air Force military base, part of the Rheindahlen Military
Anne to gain settlers. George Armstrong Custer was a 4xgreat-grandson of Paulus Küster from Kaldenkirchen, Duchy of Jülich (today North Rhine-Westphalia state), who settled in Germantown, Pennsylvania (Germantown, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania). , p. 15
, and began attempts to properly convert the County to Protestantism. In the autumn of 1587, Lutheran preachers from across Germany were invited to help reform the Counties of Bentheim, Steinfurt, Lingen and Tecklenburg. The new laws were largely modelled on those of Mörs, and were introduced in Bentheim and Tecklenburg, in the following year, and finally Steinfurt in 1591. Arnold also founded a successful school in Schüttorf during 1588, which was relocated to Steinfurt in 1591
from Sony Pictures Television International, to Launch in Germany date 2007-05-14 accessdate 2007-05-14
district, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated approx. 15 km south-west of Bonn. '''Schauinsland-Reisen-Arena''' (formerly known as '''MSV-Arena''') is a football (football (soccer)) stadium in Duisburg, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, built in 2004. The stadium is the home of MSV Duisburg and holds 31,500 people. It was built on the site of the old Wedaustadion. The stadium was the venue of the 2005 (World Games 2005) World Games. File:K21
, the ''Tageszeitung'' appeared in a nation-wide edition as well as in a Berlin local edition. Over the years, local editorial offices for North Rhine-Westphalia, Hamburg and Bremen (Bremen (city)) were added. While the latter two were merged to "taz nord" (North) the NRW-offices are closed as of July 2007. '''Metelen''' is a municipality in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is located on the river Vechte in the Steinfurt (district) district of Steinfurt
)'', originally founded in 1388 AD, since 2012 also one of Germany's eleven Universities of Excellence. Sports thumb right Signal Iduna Park (File:Westfalenstadion von oben.jpg), the stadium of Bundesliga (Fußball-Bundesliga) club Borussia Dortmund, is the largest stadium in Germany Football North Rhine-Westphalia is home to several professional football clubs including Borussia Dortmund, Bayer 04 Leverkusen, 1. FC Köln, Borussia Mönchengladbach, FC Schalke 04
, producing sectors, particularly in mechanical engineering and metal and iron working industry, experienced substantial growth. Despite this structural change and an economic growth which was under national average, the 2007 GDP of 529.4 billion euro (21.8 percent of the total German GDP) made the land the economically most important in Germany, as well as one of the most important economical areas in the world.
'''North Rhine-Westphalia''' ( ) (Dutch (Dutch language): ''Noordrijn-Westfalen'') is the most populous state (States of Germany) of Germany, as well as the fourth largest by area. North Rhine-Westphalia was formed in 1946 as a merger of the northern Rhineland (Rhine province) and Westphalia (Province of Westphalia), both formerly parts of Prussia. Its capital is Düsseldorf; the biggest city is Cologne. Four of Germany's ten biggest cities—Cologne, Düsseldorf, Dortmund, and Essen—are located in North Rhine-Westphalia. The state is currently run by a coalition of the Social Democrats (Social Democratic Party of Germany) (''SPD'') and Greens (Alliance '90 The Greens).