Commons:Category:North Korea WikiPedia:North Korea Dmoz:Regional Asia North Korea
2008 levels.news Oil-prices-jump-to-new-high-apf-15149868.html?.v 10 Yahoo Finance ** 1993 Bombay bombings: Several bombs explode in Bombay, India, killing 257 and injuring hundreds more. ** North Korea nuclear weapons program: North Korea announces that it plans to withdraw from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty
North Korean border - highest mountain in Korea *Halla Mountain (1,950 m), volcano, highest peak in South Korea Recognition and legacy Various leftist governments across the world have granted Castro awards for his work in promoting socialism and providing international humanitarian aid. The Juche government of North Korea for instance awarded him "the Golden Medal (Hammer and Sickle) and the First Class Order of the National Flag",
Volunteer Army Chinese troops at close range after multiple hits. S.L.A. Marshall, ''Commentary on Infantry and Weapons in Korea 1950–51'', 1st Report ORO-R-13 of 27 October 1951, Project Doughboy Restricted , Operations Research Office (ORO), U.S. Army (1951) However, the carbine was again issued to some U.S. troops in Vietnam, particularly reconnaissance units (LRRP) and advisors as a substitute standard weapon. Reports of the ineffective stopping power
Commons:Category:North Korea WikiPedia:North Korea Dmoz:Regional Asia North Korea
the cities of Boli (Boli County) (or Poli), Linkou and Mishan. In 1995, Nakano also traveled to North Korea, where she was part of the New Japan Pro Wrestling event in Pyongyang that set a record for attendance at a professional wrestling event with 150,000 spectators. At the event, Nakano and Akira Hokuto defeated Manami Toyota and Mariko Yoshida.
, Richardson was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize three times. Working with the legislature, he formed Governor Richardson's Investment Partnership (GRIP) in 2003. The partnership has been used to fund large-scale public infrastructure projects throughout New Mexico, including the use of highway fund to construct a brand new commuter rail line (the Rail Runner (New Mexico Rail Runner Express)) that runs between Belen Belen, Albuquerque
defector who fled North Korea in 1999 at age 15. He became famous in South Korea following publication there and in the U.S. media of his chilling crayon drawings, which depict horrific abuses by North Korean authorities against North Korean civilians.
: webcache.googleusercontent.com search?q cache:1zRIPW7rqTYJ:webbook.me.go.kr DLi-File 075 181715.pdf+%22%ED%95%9C%EA%B5%AD%ED%8B%B0%ED%83%80%EB%8A%84%22+site:go.kr&cd 80&hl en&ct clnk&client firefox automobile industry, avia carriers,news art 2009 10 135_48231.html yacht s building,
: www.bbc.com news magazine-20773542 title North Korea: Bringing modern music to Pyongyang publisher BBC News date 3 January 2013 accessdate 14 July 2014 Pop music appeared in the 1980s with the Pochonbo Electronic Ensemble and Wangjaesan Light Music Band.
. In 2003–2004 the Fremont varsity cheerleaders took 1st place in every cheer competition in which they competed, including the National Cheerleading Association Championships in Anaheim (Anaheim, California). The '''Wangjaesan Light Music Band''' is a music group in North Korea. It was established by North Korean leader Kim Jong Il on 22 July 1983. - 16 August 29, 2003 Actor Larry Miller (Larry Miller (actor)), Tom McClintock, Bay Buchanan, comedian Dennis Miller, Senator Joe Biden Iraq and North Korea, Republican Party (Republican Party (United States))'s convention, influence of MTV and rap music - - 85 October 13, 2006 Journalist Lou Dobbs, Danielle Pletka of the American Enterprise Institute, actor Ben Affleck; via satellite, fmr. Sen. John Danforth and Richard Branson of Virgin Group North Korean nuclear test, civilian casualties in Iraq, global warming, immigration and culture wars - - 86 October 20, 2006 Gov. Bill Richardson, Rep. Barney Frank, actor Jason Alexander, Stephen Moore (Stephen Moore (economist)) of ''The Wall Street Journal''; via satellite, author David Kuo (David Kuo (author)) North Korea policy, Congressional scandals, gay marriage, Military Commissions Act (Military Commissions Act of 2006) - - 91 February 16, 2007 Fmr Lt. Gov. Michael Steele (Michael S. Steele), fmr Hewlett-Packard CEO Carly Fiorina, TV host Craig Ferguson; via satellite, fmr Sen. John Edwards (D-NC) and basketball player John Amaechi Developments in North Korea, Iran, and Iraq; global warming; Mitt Romney and Mormonism; Al Franken Senate campaign - - align center 30px border (File:Flag of North Korea.svg) '''North Korea''' 조선민주주의인민공화국 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國 (''Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk'') Pyongyang align right 120,540 align right d 24,052,231 (2008 Census) align right 198.3 align center North Korean won (KPW) align center Korean (Korean language) Head of State: Kim Il-sung (de jure), Kim Jong-il (supreme leader), Kim Yong-nam (de facto) Head of Government: Choe Yong-rim - The '''North Korean famine''', known as the '''Arduous March''' (Korean (Korean language): 고난의 행군) in North Korea, was a famine in North Korea which began in the early 1990s and ended in the late 1990s. Hagard, Stephan and Noland, Marcus (2007). Famine in North Korea: markets, aid and reform. Columbia University Press:New York Estimates state that, from a population of approximately 22 million, between 900,000 and 3.5 million people died from starvation or hunger-related illnesses, with the deaths peaking in 1997. http: www.iie.com publications wp 99-2.pdf The military ''Sŏn'gun'', often spelled ''Songun'', is North Korea's "Military First" policy, which prioritizes the Korean People's Army in the affairs of state and allocates national resources to the ‘army first’. However, even though the armed forces were given priority for the distribution of food, this did not mean they all received generous rations. John Powell, “Testimony to the Sub-committee on East Asia and the Pacific of the US House of Representatives, 2 May 2002,” reproduced as “Special Report, North East Asia Peace and Security Network,” May 20 2002. In fact, the army was supposed to find ways to grow food to feed itself, and develop industries in order to purchase food and supplies from abroad. The rations received by military personnel were very basic, “ordinary soldiers of the million-strong army often remained hungry, as did their families, who did not receive preferential treatment simply because a son or daughter was serving in the armed forces. International FIDES Service no. 4144, “Hell on Earth: The Church Must Wipe the Tears,” April 23, 1999, http: www.fides.org english 1999 e19990423.html. Commons:Category:North Korea WikiPedia:North Korea Dmoz:Regional Asia North Korea
image_map North Korea (orthographic projection).svg map_caption Area controlled by the Democratic People's Republic of Korea shown in green capital Pyongyang latd 39 latm 2 latNS N longd 125 longm 45 longEW E largest_city Pyongyang official_languages Korean (Korean language) languages_type Official script languages Chosŏn'gŭl ethnic_groups ethnic_groups_year demonym government_type Single-party state (various interpretations) (North Korea#Political ideology) leader_title1 leader_name1 Kim Jong-un leader_title2 leader_name2 Kim Yong-nam leader_title3 Premier (Premier of North Korea) leader_name3 Pak Pong-ju legislature Supreme People's Assembly established_event1 Liberation (Victory over Japan Day) established_date1 15 August 1945 established_event2 Provisional People's Committee for North Korea established established_date2 February 1946 established_event3 DPRK established established_date3 9 September 1948 area_rank 98th area_magnitude 1 E11 area_km2 120,540 area_sq_mi 46,528 percent_water 4.87 population_estimate 24,895,000 population_estimate_rank 48th population_estimate_year 2013 population_census 24,052,231 population_census_year 2011 population_density_km2 198.3 population_density_sq_mi 513.8 population_density_rank 63rd GDP_PPP $40 billion North Korea, CIA World Factbook, accessed on 31 March 2013. GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_year 2011 GDP_PPP_per_capita $1,800 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank GDP_nominal $15,4 billion National Accounts Main Aggregate Database, United Nations Statistics Division, December 2012. GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_year 2013 GDP_nominal_per_capita $621 GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank Gini_year 2007 Gini_change decrease Gini 31 Gini_ref List of countries by income equality currency North Korean won (₩) currency_code KPW time_zone Korea Standard Time utc_offset +9 time_zone_DST DST_note utc_offset_DST antipodes date_format drives_on right iso3166code calling_code +850 (Telephone numbers in North Korea) cctld .kp footnote_a Kim Jong-un holds four concurrent positions: First Secretary of the Workers' Party, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, First Chairman of the National Defence Commission and Supreme Commander of the People's Army, serve as the "supreme leader" of the DPRK. footnote_b Kim Yong-nam is the "head of state (Head of State) for foreign affairs". The position of president (formerly head of state) was written out of the constitution in 1998. Kim Il-sung, who died in 1994, was given the appellation "Eternal President (Eternal President of the Republic)" in its preamble.
'''North Korea''' ( The Korean Demilitarized Zone marks the boundary between North Korea and South Korea. The legitimacy of this border is not accepted by either side, as both states claim to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula.
Korea was annexed by the Empire of Japan (Korea under Japanese rule) in 1910. In 1945, when Japan was defeated (surrender of Japan) in World War II, Korea was divided (Division of Korea) into two zones, with the north occupied by the Soviet Union (Soviet Civil Authority) and the south by the United States (USAMGIK). Negotiations on unification failed, and in 1948 two separate governments were formed: the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the north, and the Republic of Korea in the south. The conflicting claims of sovereignty led to the Korean War in 1950. An armistice (Korean Armistice Agreement) in 1953 committed both to a cease-fire, but the two countries remain officially at war because a formal peace treaty was never signed.
The DPRK holds elections (Elections in North Korea) and describes itself as a self-reliant socialist state, Constitution of North Korea (wikisource:Constitution of North Korea (1972)) but it is widely considered a dictatorship and has been described as totalitarian and Stalinist, url http: www.telegraph.co.uk news main.jhtml?xml news 2007 08 28 wnkorea128.xml title North Korea power struggle looms accessdate 31 October 2007 last Spencer first Richard authorlink date 28 August 2007 work The Telegraph (online version of United Kingdom's national newspaper) quote A power struggle to succeed Kim Jong-il as leader of North Korea's Stalinist dictatorship may be looming after his eldest son was reported to have returned from semi-voluntary exile. location London url http: www.timesonline.co.uk tol news world asia article2388356.ece title North Korea's nuclear 'deal' leaves Japan feeling nervous accessdate 31 October 2007 last Parry first Richard Lloyd authorlink Richard Lloyd Parry date 5 September 2007 work The Times (online version of United Kingdom's national newspaper of record) quote The US Government contradicted earlier North Korean claims that it had agreed to remove the Stalinist dictatorship’s designation as a terrorist state and to lift economic sanctions, as part of talks aimed at disarming Pyongyang of its nuclear weapons. location London url http: socialistworld.net eng 2003 02 08korea.html title The Korean crisis accessdate 31 October 2007 last Walsh first Lynn authorlink Lynn Walsh date 8 February 2003 work CWI online: Socialism Today, February 2003 edition, journal of the Socialist Party, CWI England and Wales publisher socialistworld.net, website of the committee for a worker’s international quote Kim Jong-il's regime needs economic concessions to avoid collapse, and just as crucially needs an end to the strategic siege imposed by the US since the end of the Korean war (1950–53). Pyongyang's nuclear brinkmanship, though potentially dangerous, is driven by fear rather than by militaristic ambition. The rotten Stalinist dictatorship faces the prospect of an implosion. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, which deprived North Korea of vital economic support, the regime has consistently attempted to secure from the US a non-aggression pact, recognition of its sovereignty, and economic assistance. The US's equally consistent refusal to enter into direct negotiations with North Korea, effectively ruling out a peace treaty to formally close the 1950–53 Korean War, has encouraged the regime to resort to nuclear blackmail. url http: www.nytimes.com 2003 10 02 international asia 02CND-KORE.html?ex 1380513600&en a29d7f1e49aabee0&ei 5007&partner USERLAND title North Korea Says It Is Using Plutonium to Make A-Bombs accessdate 31 October 2007 last Brooke first James authorlink James Brooke (journalist) date 2 October 2003 work The New York Times quote North Korea, run by a Stalinist dictatorship for almost six decades, is largely closed to foreign reporters and it is impossible to independently check today's claims. url http: timesofindia.indiatimes.com Let_The_Music_Play_On articleshow 2859521.cms title Leader Article: Let The Music Play On accessdate 27 March 2008 last Buruma first Ian authorlink Ian Buruma date 13 March 2008 work The Times of India quote North Korea, officially known as the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, is one of the world's most oppressive, closed, and vicious dictatorships. It is perhaps the last living example of pure totalitarianism – control of the state over every aspect of human life. url http: freedomhouse.org template.cfm?page 22&year 2006&country 6993 title Freedom in the World, 2006 publisher Freedom House accessdate 13 February 2007 quote Citizens of North Korea cannot change their government democratically. North Korea is a totalitarian dictatorship and one of the most restrictive countries in the world. url http: www.economist.com media pdf DEMOCRACY_TABLE_2007_v3.pdf title Economist Intelligence Unit democracy index 2006 accessdate 9 October 2007 year 2007 format PDF publisher Economist Intelligence Unit North Korea ranked in last place (167) url http: www.economist.com world asia displaystory.cfm?story_id 11465278 title A portrait of North Korea's new rich accessdate 18 June 2009 date 29 May 2008 work The Economist quote EVERY developing country worth its salt has a bustling middle class that is transforming the country and thrilling the markets. So does Stalinist North Korea.
Over time North Korea has gradually distanced itself from the world Communist movement. ''Juche'', an ideology of national self-reliance, was introduced into the constitution (Constitution of North Korea) as a "creative application of Marxism–Leninism" in 1972. last Martin first Bradley K. authorlink coauthors title Under the Loving Care of the Fatherly Leader: North Korea and the Kim Dynasty publisher Thomas Dunne Books year 2004 location New York City, New York page 111 quote Although it was in that 1955 speech that Kim gave full voice to his arguments for ''juche'', he had been talking along similar lines as early as 1948. doi id isbn 0-312-32322-0 In 2009, the constitution was amended again, quietly removing the brief references to communism (Chosŏn'gŭl (Hangul): )
The means of production are owned by the state through state-run enterprises and collectivized farms (Collective farming), and most services such as healthcare, education, housing and food production are state funded or subsidized.
North Korea follows ''Songun'', or "military-first" policy. H. Hodge (2003). "North Korea’s Military Strategy", ''Parameters'', U.S. Army War College Quarterly. It is the world's most militarized (List of countries by number of troops) society, with a total of 9,495,000 active, reserve, and paramilitary personnel. Its active duty army of 1.21 million is the 4th largest in the world, after China, the U.S., and India.