Norfolk Island

What is Norfolk Island known for?


deep knowledge

to understand the people among whom he works," ''The Melanesians.'' Robert Codrington. and he himself reflected a deep commitment to this value. Codrington worked as headmaster of the Melanesian Mission school on Norfolk Island from 1867 to 1887. Over his many years with the Melanesian people, he gained a deep knowledge of their society, languages, and customs through a close association with them. He also intensively studied Melanesian languages, including the Mota language. After a voyage to Norfolk Island, Murray was instructed to continue the exploration of the southern coastline. He set out from Sydney on 12 November for the Kent Group; there he successfully navigated and charted the passage between Deal (Deal Island (Tasmania)) and Erith Island (Erith Island (Tasmania))s, which would later be named in his honour. In December he undertook a survey of Western Port. On 4 January 1802, he sighted the entrance to Port Phillip, but decided the entrance was to dangerous, so continued to survey the east coast of King Island (King Island (Tasmania)). On 14 February 1802 he returned and entered Port Phillip for the first time and anchored off what became the quarantine ground. Formation The 3rd New Zealand Division began forming from New Zealand Army units in Fiji in May 1942 and moved to New Zealand in the middle of the year. Major-General Harold Barrowclough (Harold Eric Barrowclough) was appointed to command the division on 12 August. Crawford 2000, p. 142. In October 1942, 34 Battalion and 36 Battalion (36th Battalion (New Zealand)) were detached from the Division to garrison Tonga and Norfolk Island respectively. Crawford 2000, p. 144. 36 Battalion was accompanied by detachments from the division's engineer, artillery and service units and was designated N Force. Thomas Dixon held the position of Superintendent of Convicts for nine years, running Fremantle Prison and the convict system. Together with the Comptroller General (Comptroller General of Convicts (Western Australia)) Edmund Henderson, he created a reforming, humane convict system for Western Australia. He instituted a system of training convicts in a trade, and he adapted the marks system used by Alexander Maconochie (Alexander Maconochie (penal reformer)) in Norfolk Island's penal system to Western Australia's legal situation. He was opposed to flogging, and favoured the introduction of female convicts into Western Australia. WikiPedia:Norfolk Island Dmoz:Regional Oceania Norfolk Island


television vast

remote parts of Queensland, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria (Victoria, Australia), Tasmania and Norfolk Island. It is generally available by satellite on the VAST (Viewer Access Satellite Television) or Optus Aurora platforms, though in some locations it is broadcast terrestrially. Imparja Television has the largest geographic range of any commercial television network in Australia. Imparja is also received on the Spirit of Tasmania (TT-Line Company) Bass


century large

briefly became a part of New South Wales when it was annexed by Britain in 1840. A.H. McLintock (ed), ''An Encyclopaedia of New Zealand”, 3 vols, Wellington, NZ:R.E. Owen, Government Printer, 1966, vol 3 p. 526.' During the 19th century, large areas were successively separated to form the British (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland) colonies of Tasmania (established as a separate colony named Van Diemen's Land in 1825), South Australia (1836), Victoria (1851


member strong

at the 2006 Commonwealth Games in Melbourne by a 9-member strong contingent comprising 2 sportspersons and 2 officials. Participating nations 64 commonwealth nations competed at the 2011 Commonwealth Youth Games. As Fiji was suspended from the Commonwealth (Commonwealth of Nations), it was banned from participating in the Games. Norfolk Island and Vanuatu withdrew from the competition, as there were no competitors available for Norfolk Island, and the latter cited other


growing wild

- thumb left Sooty Shearwater (Image:Puffinus griseus.png)s ''Puffinus griseus'' are still harvested in New Zealand using traditional techniques Procellariids have been a seasonally abundant source of food for people wherever people have been able to reach their colonies. Early records of human exploitation of shearwaters (along with albatrosses and cormorants) come from the remains of hunter-gatherer middens in southern Chile, where Sooty Shearwaters were taken 5000 years ago. Simeone, A. & Navarro, X. (2002) "Human exploitation of seabirds in coastal southern Chile during the mid-Holocene" ''Rev. chil. hist. nat'' '''75'''(2): 423–431 More recently procellariids have been hunted for food by Europeans, particularly the Northern Fulmar in Europe, and various species by eskimos, and sailors around the world. The hunting pressure on the Bermuda Petrel, or Cahow, was so intense that the species nearly went extinct and did go missing for 300 years. The name of one species, the Providence Petrel, is derived from its (seemingly) miraculous arrival on Norfolk Island, where it provided a windfall for starving European settlers; Anderson, A. (1996) "Origins of Procellariidae Hunting in the Southwest Pacific


quot treatment

Island . Residents with a Medicare card can receive subsidised treatment from medical practitioners who have been issued a Medicare provider number, and fully subsidised ("free") treatment in public hospitals. Visitors from countries which have reciprocal arrangements with Australia have limited access to Medicare, as detailed below. The Australian Government has signed Reciprocal Health Care Agreements (RHCA) with the governments of the United Kingdom, Sweden


natural range

in most North Island coastal cities. Vigorous and easy to grow, the tree flourishes well south of its natural range, and has naturalised in the Wellington area and in the north of the South Island. It has also naturalised on Norfolk Island to the north. The Pōhutukawa has been introduced to other countries with mild-to-warm climates, including south-eastern Australia, where it is naturalising on coastal cliffs near Sydney. In coastal California, it is a popular street


book early

WikiPedia:Norfolk Island Dmoz:Regional Oceania Norfolk Island


single small

, in the Pacific Ocean near Australia and New Zealand. It is named after the botanist Robert Brown (Robert Brown (botanist)) (1773-1858). ;Conservation The once extensive forests of Norfolk Island are now reduced to a single small forested area which has been designated part of a national park. ''Cyathea brownii'' is protected within this park. It is available in cultivation in many countries and though rare is not considered endangered. This is a list


appearing species

Island) where 13 closely related and similar-appearing species are found. It is sometimes called a 'star pine', due to its symmetrical shape as a sapling, although it is not a true pine. thumb left Tall ''H. forsteriana'' growing in the forest at Neds Beach, Lord Howe Island (Image:Endemic Howea forsteriana Palms- Neds Beach,Lord Howe Island.jpg) The '''Kentia palm''' or '''Thatch palm''' (''Howea forsteriana'') is endemic (endemic (ecology)) to Lord Howe Island. It is also widely

Norfolk Island

'''Norfolk Island''' ( from Lord Howe Island. The island is part of the Commonwealth of Australia, but it enjoys a large degree of self-governance. Together with two neighbouring islands, it forms one of Australia's external territories (States and territories of Australia). It has 2,300 inhabitants living on a total area of about 35 km 2 . Its capital is Kingston (Kingston, Norfolk Island).

Originally settled by East Polynesians, Norfolk Island was colonised by Great Britain (Kingdom of Great Britain) as part of its settlement of Australia in 1788. The island served as a convict penal settlement until May 1855, except for an 11-year hiatus between 1814 and 1825, when it was abandoned. In 1856 permanent civilian residence on the island began when it was settled from Pitcairn. In 1901, the island became a part of the Commonwealth of Australia.

The evergreen Norfolk Island pine (Araucaria heterophylla) is a symbol of the island and thus pictured on its flag (Flag of Norfolk Island). Native to the island, the pine is a key export industry for Norfolk Island, being a popular ornamental tree on mainland Australia, where two related species grow, and also worldwide.

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