hemisphere until the end of the Cretaceous period. By far the greatest diversity exists in New Caledonia (Geography of New Caledonia), due to the island's long isolation and stability. The colonial art market primarily desired landscape paintings, which
''and the ''Calidarium'', designed by the Frenchman Léon Dufourny, who had also designed a part of the oldest section of garden, right next to the ''Gymnasium''. It consists of a rectangular lay out, divided into 4 quadrangles, within which the species are categorised according to Carolus Linnaeus' system of classification. The new garden was opened in 1795; in the ensuing years it was improved, with the ''Aquarium'' (1798), a great pool hosting numerous species of aquatic plants
for its seafood, which is generally caught fresh by most of the restaurants on the island. The local trumpeter is a particular delicacy. There is a wide range of other food available on the island, including both Italian and Chinese cuisine with plans afoot for an Indian restaurant to open shortly. Local specialities also exist and are generally based on traditional Polynesian dishes. While some of these are served in the restaurants, tourists are often recommended to try a local progressive dinner at the homes of various islanders in order to experience most of these dishes. Restaurant bookings can be made by telephone or by writing your name in the book generally located at the front door of the establishment. Be aware that most restaurants are closed at least one night per week. '''Special Dietary Requirements''': Vegetarians can generally find palatable food at most restaurants, but are not specifically catered for anywhere. Vegans are not catered for anywhere. Kosher and Halal meals will be impossible to find, as there is no Jewish or Muslim presence on the island. Travellers with food allergies may be catered for at some restaurants, but this is not guaranteed. * WikiPedia:Norfolk Island Dmoz:Regional Oceania Norfolk Island
of Norfolk Island flag . Native to the island, the pine is a key export industry for Norfolk Island, being a popular ornamental tree on mainland Australia, where two related species grow, and also worldwide. History Early history Norfolk Island was first settled by East Polynesian seafarers either from the Kermadec Islands north of New Zealand or from the North Island of New Zealand. They arrived in the fourteenth or fifteenth century
18 of the endemic species are rare or threatened. Norfolk Island subtropical forests - Encyclopedia of Earth The Norfolk Island Palm (''Rhopalostylis baueri'') and the Smooth Tree-fern (''Cyathea brownii''), the tallest tree-fern in the world, are common in the Norfolk Island National Park but rare elsewhere on the island. Before European
was declared as the Norfolk Island National Park in 1986. This forest has been infested with several introduced plants (Introduced species). The cliffs and steep slopes of Mount Pitt supported a community of shrubs, herbaceous plants, and climbers. A few tracts of cliff top and seashore vegetation have been preserved. The rest of the island has been cleared for pasture and housing. Grazing and introduced weeds currently threaten the native flora
Clark "forgave her the remainder (he has ordered 50) because she was an old woman". *''S. d. tasmani'' (including ''S. d. fullagari'') van Tets, Meredith, Fullagar & Davidson, 1988 : '''Tasman Booby''' or Lord Howe Masked Booby :The form breeding on Lord Howe (Lord Howe Island) and the Kermadec Islands. Large prehistoric specimens known from the former and Norfolk Island are sometimes considered a distinct "species" (properly
of this was after Gail Cox, a police officer from Kent, UK, who was serving a temporary assignment on Pitcairn, began uncovering allegations of sexual abuse. When a 15-year-old girl decided to press rape charges in 1999, criminal proceedings (code-named "Operation Unique") were set in motion. The charges include 21 counts of rape, 41 of indecent assault and two of gross indecency with a child under 14. Over the following two years, police officers in Australia
, which were commissioned by wealthy landowners or merchants wanting to record their material success. nga.gov.au Knut Bull (1811–1889) was sentenced to fourteen years transportation in 1845, and after doing time at Norfolk Island arrived in Van Diemen’s Land in 1846. From 1849 he was permitted to work as an artist and by 1853 had received a conditional pardon. Bull created such history paintings as ''The Wreck of the George III'' in 1850 and is noted for his scenes of early colonial Hobart. The AFP enforces Commonwealth law, protects Commonwealth and national interests from crime in Australia, and overseas. The AFP provides community policing to the ACT (Australian Capital Territory), the Jervis Bay Territory, Norfolk Island, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. The AFP provides protective security for (and on behalf of) the Australian Government (Government of Australia). The AFP provides community policing within the mainland Jervis Bay Territory, and the three populated external territories of Norfolk Island, Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands. *John FitzPatrick, 2nd Earl of Upper Ossory, (1745-1818) *Joseph Foveaux (1766-1846), lieutenant governor of Norfolk Island and New South Wales. *Henry Richard Vassall-Fox, 3rd Baron Holland (Henry Vassall-Fox, 3rd Baron Holland), (1773-1840) Although passed as a reaction to the situation in the Northern Territory, the ''Euthanasia Laws Act 1997'' made similar amendments with respect to Australia's two other self-governing territories, The Australian Capital Territory and Norfolk Island, also preventing them from passing a law permitting euthanasia. The ''Euthanasia Laws Act 1997'' has no effect on the power of an Australian state to pass any law permitting euthanasia and it expressly leaves open the possibility of a territory passing laws regarding the withholding of life support. Their initial exploration began on 8 March in a cutter and gig with parties continuing on foot from 13 March. In late March, HMS ''Success'' (HMS Success (1825)) moved to Sydney, arriving there on 15 April. Stirling arrived back in England in July 1828, promoting in glowing terms the agricultural potential of the area. His lobbying was for the establishment of a "free" (unlike the now well established penal settlements at New South Wales, Port Arthur (Port Arthur, Tasmania) and Norfolk Island) colony in the Swan River area with himself as its governor. As a result of these reports, and a rumour in London that the French (France) were about to establish a penal colony in the western part of Australia, possibly at Shark Bay, the Colonial Office assented to the proposal in mid-October 1828. * Niue 19 October * ''Norfolk Island'', Australia 8 June ((second) settlement established (everybody from the Pitcairn Islands)) * ''Northern Ireland'', United Kingdom 17 March (St. Patrick's Day), 12 July (Battle of the Boyne Day) 8 June Norfolk Island, Australia (second settlement established (everybody from the Pitcairn Islands)) - Services provided to Norfolk Island Norfolk Island's Norfolk Jet Express and Norfolk Air have chartered Air Nauru to fly its services Norfolk Island to Brisbane, Newcastle (Newcastle, New South Wales), Melbourne, and Sydney. Norfolk Jet Express went out of business on 4 June 2005 and ceased using Air Nauru's services. Norfolk would soon get a government operated airline, called Norfolk Air, but with no planes of its own, Qantas would then operate the flights from 11 June 2005 using Air Nauru's Boeing 737 VH-RON . . Air International, July 2005 This arrangement naturally ceased later that year when VH-RON was seized, due to Air Nauru's own financial problems. Other airlines filled the gap for Norfolk Air, but Air Nauru again started providing aircraft for Norfolk Air (Norfolk_Air) flights in April 2009. The Norfolk government is shutting down Norflok Air in March 2012, with an agreement that Air New Zealand will take over similar Norfolk Island flights, operating in its own name. Air New Zealand will most likely not use Air Nauru to provide any services. http: www.aviationrecord.com Home ArticlesPages tabid 58 articleType ArticleView articleId 2252 Norfolk-Air-launches-Our-Airline.aspx Services provided to Norfolk Island Norfolk Island's Norfolk Jet Express and Norfolk Air have chartered Air Nauru to fly its services Norfolk Island to Brisbane, Newcastle (Newcastle, New South Wales), Melbourne, and Sydney. Norfolk Jet Express went out of business on 4 June 2005 and ceased using Air Nauru's services. Norfolk would soon get a government operated airline, called Norfolk Air, but with no planes of its own, Qantas would then operate the flights from 11 June 2005 using Air Nauru's Boeing 737 VH-RON . . Air International, July 2005 This arrangement naturally ceased later that year when VH-RON was seized, due to Air Nauru's own financial problems. Other airlines filled the gap for Norfolk Air, but Air Nauru again started providing aircraft for Norfolk Air (Norfolk_Air) flights in April 2009. The Norfolk government is shutting down Norflok Air in March 2012, with an agreement that Air New Zealand will take over similar Norfolk Island flights, operating in its own name. Air New Zealand will most likely not use Air Nauru to provide any services. http: www.aviationrecord.com Home ArticlesPages tabid 58 articleType ArticleView articleId 2252 Norfolk-Air-launches-Our-Airline.aspx The success of these books enabled her to give up her medical-scientific career and to try and "live on her own terms" Mary Jean DeMarr, Colleen McCullough: a critical companion, Page 3 In the late 1970s, after stints in London and Connecticut, USA, she finally settled on the isolation of Norfolk Island in the Pacific, where she met her husband, Ric Robinson (then aged 33), whom she married on 13 April 1983 (she was aged 46). Mitochondrial DNA analysis has indicated that the Orange-fronted Parakeet is a separate species and not just a colour variation of the Yellow-crowned Parakeet. The Orange-fronted Parakeet is highly endangered, with less than 200 individuals remaining in the North Canterbury region of the South Island. Furthermore, Chatham Island's Yellow-crowned Parakeet and the red-crowned populations of New Caledonia, Norfolk Island and the subantarctic islands have been determined to be distinct species (Boon ''et al.'', 2001). '''''Araucaria heterophylla''''' (synonym ''A. excelsa'') is a distinctive conifer (Pinophyta), a member of the ancient and now disjointly distributed family Araucariaceae. As its vernacular name '''Norfolk Island Pine''' implies, the tree is endemic (endemic (ecology)) to Norfolk Island, a small island in the Pacific Ocean between Australia, New Zealand and New Caledonia. The genus Araucaria occurs across the South Pacific, especially concentrated in New Caledonia (about 700 km due north of Norfolk Island) where 13 closely related and similar-appearing species are found. It is sometimes called a 'star pine', due to its symmetrical shape as a sapling, although it is not a true pine. thumb left Tall ''H. forsteriana'' growing in the forest at Neds Beach, Lord Howe Island (Image:Endemic Howea forsteriana Palms- Neds Beach,Lord Howe Island.jpg) The '''Kentia palm''' or '''Thatch palm''' (''Howea forsteriana'') is endemic (endemic (ecology)) to Lord Howe Island. It is also widely grown on Norfolk Island. Its "fronds" or leaves (leaf) grow up to 3 metres long. The '''flag of Norfolk Island''' was adopted on 17 January 1980. It depicts the Norfolk Island Pine (''Araucaria heterophylla'') in a central white stipe. * ''Z. l. griseonota'' G. R. Gray, 1859 – New Caledonia * ''Z. l. lateralis'' (Latham, 1801) – Flinders Island, Tasmania; Norfolk Island; New Zealand and Chatham Islands; also a non-breeding migrant to continental south-eastern Australia * ''Z. l. melanops'' G. R. Gray, 1860 – Lifou, Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia '''Norfuk''' (increasingly spelt '''Norfolk''') is the language spoken on Norfolk Island by the local residents. It is a blend of English (English language) of the 18th century and Tahitian (Tahitian language) originally introduced by settlers from the Pitcairn Islands who spoke Pitkern. It is the co-official language of Norfolk Island. ''The Dominion Post (The Dominion Post (Wellington))'', April 21, 2005 (page B3) ''The Daily Telegraph'', Save our dialect, say Bounty islanders, retrieved April 6, 2007 Active in community affairs, Reddy served as the state of California's Parks and Recreation Commissioner for three years. In 2002, she retired from performing and moved from her longtime residence in Santa Monica, California back to her native Australia, living first on Norfolk Island, before taking up residence in Sydney. There, she was a practising clinical hypnotherapist, and Patron of the Australian Society of Clinical Hypnotherapists. In April 2008, Reddy was reported to be living "simply and frugally off song royalties, pension funds, and social security... renting a 13th-floor apartment with a 180-degree view of Sydney Harbour." Her apartment had been recently appraised, causing Reddy concern over its future affordability; however, the New York-based landlord learned his tenant's identity and wrote her: "I had no idea it was ''the'' Helen Reddy who was living in my unit. Because of what you have done for millions of women all over the world, I will not sell or raise your rent. I hope you'll be very happy living there for years to come." * 1806: Colonel William Paterson begins transfer of York Town (York Town, Tasmania) settlement to site of modern Launceston (Launceston, Tasmania) * 1807: First Norfolk Island settlers arrive in Hobart in the WikiPedia:Norfolk Island Dmoz:Regional Oceania Norfolk Island
sporting organisations. The flag (Flag of Norfolk Island) is three vertical bands of green, white, and green with a large green Norfolk Island pine tree centred in the slightly wider white band. Constitutional status The exact status of Norfolk Island is controversial. Despite the island's status as a self-governing territory of Australia administered by the Attorney-General's Department (Attorney-General's Department (Australia)), ref name "AussieAG
, shocked by the gratuitous sex and nudity, Aunty Jack expires from a heart attack. Bond then departed for a much-needed holiday on Norfolk Island where, jointly inspired by the convict ruins and his holiday reading, Errol Flynn's ''My Wicked Wicked Ways'', he came up with the concept for a new series set in the bushranger days, which became ''Flash Nick From Jindivik''. Availability Imparja Television broadcasts throughout most of the Northern Territory, and also to some remote parts of Queensland, New South Wales, South Australia, Victoria (Victoria, Australia), Tasmania and Norfolk Island. It is generally available by satellite on the VAST (Viewer Access Satellite Television) or Optus Aurora platforms, though in some locations it is broadcast terrestrially. Imparja Television has the largest geographic range of any commercial television network in Australia. Imparja is also received on the Spirit of Tasmania (TT-Line Company) Bass Strait Ferries. Following the Molesworth committee's report, transportation to New South Wales was abolished in 1840, although it continued to other colonies. Disturbed at reports of conditions on Norfolk Island, Lord Normanby, Secretary of State for the Colonies, suggested that a new system should be used, and the superintendence given to an officer deeply concerned with the moral welfare of the convicts. Maconochie was recommended to put this new system in place. In 1800, having established a reputation as an able and efficient administrator, Foveaux offered to go to Norfolk Island as Lieutenant-Governor. Finding the island run down, he built it up with particular attention to public works, for which he earned the praise of Governor King (Philip Gidley King). Bounty Day is the national holiday of Norfolk Island, celebrated annually on 8 June, in memory of the arrival of the Pitcairn Islanders on Norfolk Island in 1856. Norfolk Islanders Norfolk Island Time Line Prior to 8 June 1856, Norfolk Island had been a penal colony, but was granted by Queen Victoria (Victoria of the United Kingdom) to the Pitcairners as a home in 1856. WikiPedia:Norfolk Island Dmoz:Regional Oceania Norfolk Island
"Sydney" like its parent, more convicts and soldiers were sent to the island from New South Wales. Nineteenth century thumb right Norfolk Island gaol (File:Norfolk Island jail.jpg) As early as 1794, Lieutenant-Governor of New South Wales Francis Grose (Francis Grose (British Army officer)) suggested its closure as a penal settlement, as it was too remote and difficult for shipping and too costly to maintain. Grose to Hunter, 8 December 1794, ''Historical
Records of New South Wales,'' Sydney, 1893, Vol.2, p.275. The first group of people left in February 1805, and by 1808 only about 200 remained, forming a small settlement until the remnants were removed in 1813. A small party remained to slaughter stock and destroy all buildings, so that there would be no inducement for anyone, especially from other European powers, to visit and lay claim to the place. From 15 February 1814 to 6 June 1825 the island was abandoned. In 1824 the British
sentences, and the average length of detention was three years. T. Causer, '"The Worst Types of Sub-Human Beings": the Myth and Reality of the Convicts of the Norfolk Island Penal Settlement, 1825-1855', ''Islands of History'', Sydney, 2011, pp.8-31 The second penal settlement began to be wound down by the British government after 1847, and the last convicts were removed to Tasmania in May 1855. The island was abandoned because
'''Norfolk Island''' ( from Lord Howe Island. The island is part of the Commonwealth of Australia, but it enjoys a large degree of self-governance. Together with two neighbouring islands, it forms one of Australia's external territories (States and territories of Australia). It has 2,300 inhabitants living on a total area of about 35 km 2 . Its capital is Kingston (Kingston, Norfolk Island).
Originally settled by East Polynesians, Norfolk Island was colonised by Great Britain (Kingdom of Great Britain) as part of its settlement of Australia in 1788. The island served as a convict penal settlement until May 1855, except for an 11-year hiatus between 1814 and 1825, when it was abandoned. In 1856 permanent civilian residence on the island began when it was settled from Pitcairn. In 1901, the island became a part of the Commonwealth of Australia.
The evergreen Norfolk Island pine (Araucaria heterophylla) is a symbol of the island and thus pictured on its flag (Flag of Norfolk Island). Native to the island, the pine is a key export industry for Norfolk Island, being a popular ornamental tree on mainland Australia, where two related species grow, and also worldwide.