Niger

What is Niger known for?


low interest

, such as the port of Abidjan or the Abidjan–Niger railway line; to provide a solidarity fund accessible to member countries, 90% of which was provided by Côte d'Ivoire; and to provide funding for various development projects through low-interest loans to member states (70% of the loans were supplied by Côte d'Ivoire). Nandjui, p. 106. In 1966, Houphouët-Boigny even offered to grant dual citizenship to nationals from member countries of the Conseil de l'Entente, but the proposition was quickly abandoned following popular protests. Nandjui, pp. 73–74. Another stringed instrument is called the n'goni (Ngoni (instrument)). Legend says it was invented by a Senufo hunter. The n'goni is also played in Niger, Senegal and Mali. '''Zinder''' (which is locally called Damagaram) is the second largest city in Niger, with a population of 170,574 (2001 census) by 2005 was estimated to be over 200,000. It is situated Commons:Category:Niger Wikipedia:Niger Dmoz:Regional Africa Niger


wild population

as possibly Extinct in the Wild. However, there are unconfirmed reports of surviving populations in central Niger and Chad, and a semi-wild population currently inhabiting a fenced nature reserve in Tunisia is being expanded for reintroduction to the wild in that country. "Reviving a Breed", iht.com, January 2007, web: iht7. Several thousand


history shows

suggestion that the British Red Cross might send a relief party to Mosul was also objected to, apparently on the grounds that this would discourage the activities of the Iraqi Crescent, which has not carried out any relief work among the Assyrians. In September 1935, the plan of settling of some of the Assyrians in the Khabour and Ghab (Ghab valley) areas in Syria was approved. History shows that the plan was never followed up so it too has failed. AHI currently manages 26 hospitals and 67 clinics in 21 countries, including Albania, Belize, Cameroon, Curaçao, Ethiopia, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Liberia, Malawi, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Chad, Trinidad, Venezuela, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. *Amadou Toumani Touré (born 1948), Malian politician, current President of Mali (2002-2012) *Aminatou Maïga Touré, Nigerien diplomat *Ansu Toure (born 1981), Liberian footballer (Vancouver Whitecaps (Vancouver Whitecaps (1986–2010))) Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) * The Ordinary Summit of ECOWAS was held in Niamey on 13 January 2006 with the Heads of State of Niger (Tandja Mamadou), Mali (Amadou Toumani Touré), Togo (Faure Gnassingbé), Guinea-Bissau (Joao Bernardo Vieira) and Nigeria (Olusegun Obasanjo). The 10 other member countries were represented by their Foreign Ministers. The ECOWAS asked the G8 to extend the cancellation of debt to the whole of the Member States of the organization. It re-elected its chair Tandja Mamadou and decided to transform the secretariat into a commission with a President, a Vice-President and 7 Commissioners. ECOWAS is pleased with the nomination by consensus of a Prime Minister and the composition of a government of national unity in Côte d’Ivoire, as well as the presidential elections being held in Liberia and in Guinea-Bissau. On the economic level, the Heads of State expressed their support for a plan to create a regional airline company "''to overcome the difficulties in air transport''" in the subregion. * During the summit in Abuja on 14 June 2006, the Heads of States of ECOWAS approved a modification of the organization's hierarchy. The secretariat (wikt:secretariat) is to be replaced by a commission of the nine police chiefs of the member states. The 4-year term of the police chiefs from Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone and Togo will begin in January 2007. Ghana will head the commission, while Burkina Faso will take the vice-presidency. ECOWAS also adopted a convention which aims "''to prohibit the sale of light weapons within the community and between member states, except for the legitimate defense needs of these states or for their participation in peacekeeping operations''". West African Economic and Monetary Union (UEMOA) * The 10th Ordinary Summit of the heads of state and government of the UEMOA took place on March 27, 2006 in Niamey with presidents Tandja Mamadou (Niger), Mathieu Kérékou (Benin), Blaise Compaoré (Burkina Faso), Amadou Toumani Touré (Mali), Abdoulaye Wade (Senegal), Faure Gnassingbé (Togo) and prime ministers Charles Konan Banny (Côte d'Ivoire) and Aristide Gomé (Guinea-Bissau). The heads of state could not agree on whether to allow Charles Konan Banny (the appointed Prime Minister of Côte d'Ivoire) and Yayi Boni (the newly elected President of Benin) to ascend to the presidencies of the Central Bank of West Africa and Development Bank of West Africa respectively. They instead decided to lengthen the terms of the current temporary presidents, Damo Justin Barro (Burkina Faso) of the Central Bank and Issa Coulibaly (Mali) of the Development Bank until the next summit. Education (Education in Africa) * June 2006: The 2006 Abdou Moumouni University protests over financial obligations to students from the university cause the temporary closure of Niger's only public university, Abdou Moumouni University in Niamey. Commons:Category:Niger Wikipedia:Niger Dmoz:Regional Africa Niger


television de

evolved into an internationally recognized and respected event in not only the African continent but in the world at large. Alimata Salambere, the cultural minister of Burkina Faso from 1987 to 1991 was one of the founders of FESPACO. At its third edition in 1972, the name of the festival became FESPACO (Festival Pan-Africain du Cinema et de la Television de Ouagadougou). FESPACO became an institution by governmental decree on January 7, 1972


vivid+scenes

and 23rd meridians (23rd meridian east). thumb right Neolithic cave paintings found in Tassil-n-Ajjer (Plateau of the Chasms) region of the Sahara (Image:African cave paintings.jpg) The cave paintings found at Tassili n'Ajjer, north of Tamanrasset, Algeria, and at other locations depict vibrant and vivid scenes of everyday life in central North Africa during the Neolithic Subpluvial period (about 8000 to 4000 BCE). They were executed by a hunting people in the Capsian period


previous single

of several new independent newspapers. The 3rd Republic After the National Sovereign Conference, the transitional government drafted a new constitution which eliminated the previous single-party system of the 1989 Constitution and guaranteed more freedom. The new constitution was adopted by a referendum on 26 December 1992. Following this, presidential elections were held and Mahamane Ousmane became the first president of the Third Republic on 27 March 1993. The presidency of Mahamane


showing religious/

Commons:Category:Niger Wikipedia:Niger Dmoz:Regional Africa Niger


abstract interpretations

2007 deadurl no The earliest known sculptures are from the Nok culture of Nigeria, made around 500 BC. Along with sub-Saharan Africa, the cultural arts of the western tribes, ancient Egyptian paintings and artifacts, and indigenous southern crafts also contributed greatly to African art. Often depicting the abundance of surrounding nature, the art was often abstract interpretations of animals, plant life, or natural designs and shapes. Barbados


military fashion

) are the military and paramilitary forces of Niger, under the president as supreme commander. They consist of the Niger Army (Armée de Terre), the Niger Air Force (Armée de l'Air) and the auxiliary paramilitary forces, such as the National Gendarmerie (Gendarmerie nationale) (Gendarmerie Nationale (Niger)) and the National Guard (Garde Nationale) (National Guard of Niger). Both paramilitary forces are trained in military fashion and have some military responsibilities in wartime. In peace time their duties


Mauritius Mauritius

order. The first list, enacted in July 2005, included as "safe countries" Benin, Cape Verde, Ghana, Mali, Mauritius Island (Mauritius), India, Senegal, Mongolia, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Ukraine, Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Croatia. It had the effect of reducing in six months by about 80% the number of applicants from these countries. The second list, passed in July 2006, included Tanzania, Madagascar, Niger, Albania

Niger

The first action of the Kountché's military government was to address the food crisis which was one of the catalysts of the military coup. Le coup d'etat de Kountche While political prisoners of the Diori Hamani Diori regime were released after the coup and the country was stabilized, political and individual freedom deteriorated in general during this period. Political parties were banned. Several attempted coups (1975, 1976 and 1983) were thwarted and authors and associates were severely punished. Despite the restriction in freedom, the country enjoyed improved economic development with the creation of new companies, the construction of major infrastructure (building and new roads, schools, health centers) and minimal corruption in government agencies, which Kountché did not hesitate to punish severely. Kountché: 40 ans après son coup d'etat

This economic development was helped by the uranium boom as well as optimal usage of public funds. Kountché was succeeded by his Chief of Staff, Col. Ali Saibou, who was confirmed as Chief of the Supreme Military Council on 14 November 1987, four days after the death of Seyni Kountché. He introduced political reforms and drafted a new constitution, with the creation of a single party. He went on to rule the country as the Chief of the Supreme Military Council until 10 December 1989 when he was elected President.

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