Nevis

What is Nevis known for?


local home

;, a farm stand near Cades Bay. * If you can find any, try the local home-made '''Sarsaparilla''', which is very mildly alcoholic and supposed to be very good for you! Alcoholic drinks: * A popular cocktail is '''"Ting and Sting"''', which is Ting with the addition of Cane Spirit Rothschild (CRS), a locally produced white rum. * '''Carib Beer''' is a standard of course; '''Stag Beer''' is a more assertive and tasty beer produced by the same company. * '''Rum punches''' -- every hotel


business social

to be an exclusive group of "highly influential, affluent, and freedom-orientated people from various business, social and economic sectors" who offer advice to its members. The group operates out of the country of Nevis and employs the Law of Attraction as its principal


paintings representing

, Nevis Peak. If you are not into golfing, Four Seasons offer a tour right around sunset during which you may see the monkeys that wander the grounds, as well as the spectacular views. It is breathtaking and a "must do" when visiting Nevis. *''' The Eva Wilkin Art Gallery'''. Evan Wilkin lived in a windmill that was built in the 18th century. She died in 1989, but people still visit her home to see her sketches and paintings representing Nevis culture, including views


term research

Mummings on Nevis." North Carolina Folklore Journal (1973): pp. 120-31. American folklorist and musicologist Alan Lomax visited Nevis in 1962 in order to conduct long-term research into the black folk culture of the island. His field trip to Nevis and surrounding islands resulted in the anthology ''Lomax Caribbean Voyage'' series. Cowley, John. "Caribbean Voyage: Nevis & St Kitts Tea Meetings, Christmas Sports, & the Moonlight Night". ''Musical Traditions'', 1 November 2002. Retrieved 8 May 2007. Among the Nevisians recorded were chantey-singing fishermen in a session organised in a rum shop in Newcastle; Santoy, the Calypsonian, performing calypso (Calypso music)s by Nevisian ballader and local legend Charles Walters Abrahams, Roger D. "Charles Walters - West Indian Autolycus'". Western Folklore, Vol. 27, No. 2 (Apr. 1968), pp. 77-95. to guitar and cuatro (Cuatro (instrument)); and string bands, fife players and drummers from Gingerland, performing quadrilles. The island is also known for "Jamband music", which is the kind of music performed by local bands during the "Culturama Festival" and is key to "Jouvert" dancing. The sounds of the so-called "Iron Band" are also popular within the culture; many locals come together using any old pans, sinks, or other kits of any sort; which they use to create sounds and music. This form of music is played throughout the villages during the Christmas and carnival seasons. Architecture thumb left The Museum of Nevis History, Charlestown, housed in the restored Georgian building where Alexander Hamilton (File:The Museum of Nevis History - Alexander Hamilton birthplace.jpg) was born. (See Nevis Historical and Conservation Society.) A series of earthquakes during the 18th century severely damaged most of the colonial-era stone buildings of Charlestown. The Georgian (Georgian architecture) stone buildings in Charlestown that are visible today had to be partially rebuilt after the earthquakes, and this led to the development of a new architectural style, consisting of a wooden upper floor over a stone ground floor; the new style resisted earthquake damage much more effectively. Two famous Nevisian buildings from the 18th century are Hermitage Plantation, built of lignum vitae wood in 1740, the oldest surviving wooden house still in use in the Caribbean today, and the Bath Hotel, the first hotel in the Caribbean, a luxury hotel and spa built by John Huggins in 1778. The soothing waters of the hotel's hot spring and the lively social life on Nevis attracted many famous Europeans, including Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Antigua-based Admiral Nelson, and Prince William Henry, Duke of Clarence, (future William IV of the United Kingdom), who attended balls and private parties at the Bath Hotel. Today, the building serves as government offices, and there are two outdoor hot-spring bathing spots which were specially constructed in recent years for public use. An often repeated legend appears to suggest that a massive 1690 earthquake and tsunami destroyed the buildings of the original capital Jamestown on the west coast. Folk tales (Folklore) say that the town sank beneath the ocean. However, archaeologists from the University of Southampton who have done excavations in the area, have found no evidence to indicate that the story is true. They state that this story may originate with an over-excited Victorian letter writer sharing somewhat exaggerated accounts of his exotic life in the tropical colony with a British audience back home. Machling, Tessa (2002). "Jamestown, Morton's Bay and James Fort: Myth, Port and Fort". ''Interim Report for the 2002 Season, Theme Two.'' University of Southampton. One such letter recounts that so much damage was done to the town that it was completely evacuated, and was engulfed by the sea. Early maps do not, however, actually show a settlement called "Jamestown", only "Morton's Bay", and later maps show that all that was left of Jamestown Morton's Bay in 1818 was a building labelled "Pleasure House". Very old bricks that wash up on Pinney's Beach after storms may have contributed to this legend of a sunken town; however these bricks are thought to be dumped ballast from 17th and 18th century sailing ships. Notable natives and residents thumb Alexander Hamilton (File:Alexander Hamilton.jpg) Alexander Hamilton, the statesman and one of the founding fathers of the United States, was born on Nevis around 1755, and spent a significant part of his childhood there. His father was a trader from Scotland, his mother was from Nevis. The place of his birth currently holds the Nevis Island Assembly Chambers and the Museum of Nevis History. The Duchess of Bronte, Frances Nisbet (1761−1831), is best known as the wife of British hero 1st Viscount Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson (Admiral Nelson), of Battle of Trafalgar fame. She was a planter's daughter from Nevis, whose rich and influential uncle, John Herbert, was the President of the Council of Nevis. White, Colin (2003). "The Wife's Tale: Frances, Lady Nelson and the break-up of her marriage". ''Journal for Maritime Research'', Oct. 2003 issue. ISSN 1469–1957. Online at JMR, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London. Retrieved 8 August 2006. When she met Captain Horatio Nelson on Nevis, Frances Nisbet was a young widow with a five-year old son. Nelson and she were married in Nevis in 1787. A copy of the marriage certificate is on display at the Saint John Figtree Parish Anglican Church in Nevis. Eulalie Spence (1894–1981), pioneer playwright of the Harlem Renaissance, was born on Nevis on 11 June 1894. She and her family moved to New York in 1902. She wrote fourteen plays, including "Fools Errand" which ran on Broadway (Broadway theatre) in 1927. Her three act play, "The Whipping" was optioned by Paramount Studios, and was eventually filmed as Ready for Love (Ready for Love (film)), a 1934 film starring Ida Lupino and Richard Arlen Donati, William. Ida Lupino: A Biography. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1996. ISBN 0813143527. ''Google Books.'' Retrieved July 22, 2013. Braconi, Adrienne Macki. "Eulalie Spence." The Cambridge Companion to African American Theatre. Ed. Harvey Young. Cambridge (Cambridge, England): Cambridge University Press, 2013. ISBN 1107017122. 117-134. ''Google Books.'' Retrieved July 17, 2013. Spence is famous for having introduced an affirming image of black women into early American drama, using her unique mix of folk art and political race drama. Several of her plays won awards. Parascandola, Louis J. ''Look for Me All Around You: Anglophone Caribbean Immigrants in the Harlem Renaissance.'' Wayne State University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-8143-2987-X. Elquemedo Willett, born 1 May 1953, famous Nevisian cricket player and former Leeward Islands and West Indies left-arm spinner, was the first Leeward Islander to play Test cricket for the West Indies in 1973, when he was 19 years old. He was inducted into the Nevis Sports Museum Hall of Fame in 2005. CMC (2005). "Willett for Nevis Sports Hall of Fame" ''West Indies Cricket Board'', 27 February 2005. Retrieved 8 August 2006. Cicely Tyson, born on 19 December 1933, Oscar (Academy Award)-nominated in 1972, former wife of Miles Davis and winner of multiple Emmy Awards, is of Nevisian descent. Both her parents emigrated from Nevis to Harlem, New York. Rupert Crosse, the first African American to be nominated for an Academy Award as Best Supporting Actor is of Nevisian descent. Runako Morton, Nevisian cricketer (1978-2012) Constance Baker Motley (1921–2005), who as a young lawyer represented Martin Luther King, Jr., has Nevisian heritage and owned a home in Brown Hill, Nevis, near her ancestral home. Both her mother and father emigrated from Nevis. She attained fame as the first African-American woman appointed as a United States Federal judge, the first African-American woman elected to the New York State Senate and the first woman to serve as Manhattan borough president. She was also the first African-American woman to serve on the federal judiciary (1966), as well as the first African-American and the first woman to become Chief Judge of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York (1982). Mel B, the former "Scary Spice" of the Spice Girls, born on 29 May 1975 in Leeds, has a Nevisian father. Angela Griffin, actress, born 19 July 1976 in Leeds, has a Nevisian father. She is a British actress and television presenter who has been active on British television since the early 1990s. United States Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer has a vacation home on Nevis. In February 2012 he was robbed in his home at machete-point. Fox News See also * Nevis Historical and Conservation Society * Arthur Anslyn, marine expert References '''Notes''' wikipedia:Nevis


field research

". Nevis Department of Culture (2006). Nevis Culturama. 8 May 2006. Retrieved 8 August 2006. Music, theatre and dance Nevisian culture has since the 17th century incorporated African, European and East Indian cultural elements, creating a distinct Afro-Caribbean culture. Several historical anthropologists have done field research Nevis and in Nevisian migrant (Immigration) communities in order to trace the creation and constitution of a Nevisian cultural community. Karen Fog Olwig published her research about Nevis in 1993, writing that the areas where the Afro-Caribbean traditions were especially strong and flourishing relate to kinship and subsistence farming. However, she adds, Afro-Caribbean cultural impulses were not recognised or valued in the colonial society and were therefore often expressed through Euro-Caribbean cultural forms. Olwig, Karen Fog (1993). ''Global Culture, Island Identity: continuity and change in the Afro-Caribbean community of Nevis''. Chur, Switzerland: Harwood Academic Publishers, 1993. Examples of European forms appropriated to express Afro-Caribbean culture are the Nevisian and Kittitian ''Tea Meetings'' and ''Christmas Sports''. According to anthropologist Roger D. Abrahams, these traditional performance art forms are "Nevisian approximation of British performance codes, techniques, and patterns". He writes that the Tea Meetings were staged as theatrical "battles between decorum and chaos", decorum represented by the ceremony chairmen and chaos the hecklers in the audience, with a diplomatic King or a Queen presiding over the battle to ensure fairness. Abrahams, Roger D. (1983). ''Man of Words in the West Indies: Performance and the Emergence of Creole Culture''. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins U P, 1983. The Christmas Sports included a form of comedy and satire based on local events and gossip. They were historically an important part of the Christmas celebrations in Nevis, performed on Christmas Eve by small troupes consisting of five or six men accompanied by string bands from different parts of the island. One of the men in the troupe was dressed as a woman, playing all the female parts in the dramatisations. The troupes moved from yard to yard to perform their skits, using props, face paint and costumes to play the roles of well-known personalities in the community. Examples of gossip about undesired behaviour that could surface in the skits for comic effect were querulous neighbours, adulterous affairs, planters mistreating workers, domestic disputes or abuse, crooked politicians and any form of stealing or cheating experienced in the society. Even though no names were mentioned in these skits, the audience would usually be able to guess who the heckling message in the troupe's dramatised portrayals was aimed at, as it was played out right on the person's own front yard. The acts thus functioned as social and moral commentaries on current events and behaviours in Nevisian society. This particular form is called "Bazzarding" by many locals. Abrahams theorises that Christmas Sports are rooted in the pre-emancipation Christmas and New Year holiday celebrations, when the enslaved population had several days off. Abrahams, Roger D. (1973). "Christmas Mummings on Nevis." North Carolina Folklore Journal (1973): pp. 120-31. American folklorist and musicologist Alan Lomax visited Nevis in 1962 in order to conduct long-term research into the black folk culture of the island. His field trip to Nevis and surrounding islands resulted in the anthology ''Lomax Caribbean Voyage'' series. Cowley, John. "Caribbean Voyage: Nevis & St Kitts Tea Meetings, Christmas Sports, & the Moonlight Night". ''Musical Traditions'', 1 November 2002. Retrieved 8 May 2007. Among the Nevisians recorded were chantey-singing fishermen in a session organised in a rum shop in Newcastle; Santoy, the Calypsonian, performing calypso (Calypso music)s by Nevisian ballader and local legend Charles Walters Abrahams, Roger D. "Charles Walters - West Indian Autolycus'". Western Folklore, Vol. 27, No. 2 (Apr. 1968), pp. 77-95. to guitar and cuatro (Cuatro (instrument)); and string bands, fife players and drummers from Gingerland, performing quadrilles. The island is also known for "Jamband music", which is the kind of music performed by local bands during the "Culturama Festival" and is key to "Jouvert" dancing. The sounds of the so-called "Iron Band" are also popular within the culture; many locals come together using any old pans, sinks, or other kits of any sort; which they use to create sounds and music. This form of music is played throughout the villages during the Christmas and carnival seasons. Architecture thumb left The Museum of Nevis History, Charlestown, housed in the restored Georgian building where Alexander Hamilton (File:The Museum of Nevis History - Alexander Hamilton birthplace.jpg) was born. (See Nevis Historical and Conservation Society.) A series of earthquakes during the 18th century severely damaged most of the colonial-era stone buildings of Charlestown. The Georgian (Georgian architecture) stone buildings in Charlestown that are visible today had to be partially rebuilt after the earthquakes, and this led to the development of a new architectural style, consisting of a wooden upper floor over a stone ground floor; the new style resisted earthquake damage much more effectively. Two famous Nevisian buildings from the 18th century are Hermitage Plantation, built of lignum vitae wood in 1740, the oldest surviving wooden house still in use in the Caribbean today, and the Bath Hotel, the first hotel in the Caribbean, a luxury hotel and spa built by John Huggins in 1778. The soothing waters of the hotel's hot spring and the lively social life on Nevis attracted many famous Europeans, including Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Antigua-based Admiral Nelson, and Prince William Henry, Duke of Clarence, (future William IV of the United Kingdom), who attended balls and private parties at the Bath Hotel. Today, the building serves as government offices, and there are two outdoor hot-spring bathing spots which were specially constructed in recent years for public use. An often repeated legend appears to suggest that a massive 1690 earthquake and tsunami destroyed the buildings of the original capital Jamestown on the west coast. Folk tales (Folklore) say that the town sank beneath the ocean. However, archaeologists from the University of Southampton who have done excavations in the area, have found no evidence to indicate that the story is true. They state that this story may originate with an over-excited Victorian letter writer sharing somewhat exaggerated accounts of his exotic life in the tropical colony with a British audience back home. Machling, Tessa (2002). "Jamestown, Morton's Bay and James Fort: Myth, Port and Fort". ''Interim Report for the 2002 Season, Theme Two.'' University of Southampton. One such letter recounts that so much damage was done to the town that it was completely evacuated, and was engulfed by the sea. Early maps do not, however, actually show a settlement called "Jamestown", only "Morton's Bay", and later maps show that all that was left of Jamestown Morton's Bay in 1818 was a building labelled "Pleasure House". Very old bricks that wash up on Pinney's Beach after storms may have contributed to this legend of a sunken town; however these bricks are thought to be dumped ballast from 17th and 18th century sailing ships. Notable natives and residents thumb Alexander Hamilton (File:Alexander Hamilton.jpg) Alexander Hamilton, the statesman and one of the founding fathers of the United States, was born on Nevis around 1755, and spent a significant part of his childhood there. His father was a trader from Scotland, his mother was from Nevis. The place of his birth currently holds the Nevis Island Assembly Chambers and the Museum of Nevis History. The Duchess of Bronte, Frances Nisbet (1761−1831), is best known as the wife of British hero 1st Viscount Admiral Lord Horatio Nelson (Admiral Nelson), of Battle of Trafalgar fame. She was a planter's daughter from Nevis, whose rich and influential uncle, John Herbert, was the President of the Council of Nevis. White, Colin (2003). "The Wife's Tale: Frances, Lady Nelson and the break-up of her marriage". ''Journal for Maritime Research'', Oct. 2003 issue. ISSN 1469–1957. Online at JMR, National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, London. Retrieved 8 August 2006. When she met Captain Horatio Nelson on Nevis, Frances Nisbet was a young widow with a five-year old son. Nelson and she were married in Nevis in 1787. A copy of the marriage certificate is on display at the Saint John Figtree Parish Anglican Church in Nevis. Eulalie Spence (1894–1981), pioneer playwright of the Harlem Renaissance, was born on Nevis on 11 June 1894. She and her family moved to New York in 1902. She wrote fourteen plays, including "Fools Errand" which ran on Broadway (Broadway theatre) in 1927. Her three act play, "The Whipping" was optioned by Paramount Studios, and was eventually filmed as Ready for Love (Ready for Love (film)), a 1934 film starring Ida Lupino and Richard Arlen Donati, William. Ida Lupino: A Biography. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky, 1996. ISBN 0813143527. ''Google Books.'' Retrieved July 22, 2013. Braconi, Adrienne Macki. "Eulalie Spence." The Cambridge Companion to African American Theatre. Ed. Harvey Young. Cambridge (Cambridge, England): Cambridge University Press, 2013. ISBN 1107017122. 117-134. ''Google Books.'' Retrieved July 17, 2013. Spence is famous for having introduced an affirming image of black women into early American drama, using her unique mix of folk art and political race drama. Several of her plays won awards. Parascandola, Louis J. ''Look for Me All Around You: Anglophone Caribbean Immigrants in the Harlem Renaissance.'' Wayne State University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-8143-2987-X. Elquemedo Willett, born 1 May 1953, famous Nevisian cricket player and former Leeward Islands and West Indies left-arm spinner, was the first Leeward Islander to play Test cricket for the West Indies in 1973, when he was 19 years old. He was inducted into the Nevis Sports Museum Hall of Fame in 2005. CMC (2005). "Willett for Nevis Sports Hall of Fame" ''West Indies Cricket Board'', 27 February 2005. Retrieved 8 August 2006. Cicely Tyson, born on 19 December 1933, Oscar (Academy Award)-nominated in 1972, former wife of Miles Davis and winner of multiple Emmy Awards, is of Nevisian descent. Both her parents emigrated from Nevis to Harlem, New York. Rupert Crosse, the first African American to be nominated for an Academy Award as Best Supporting Actor is of Nevisian descent. Runako Morton, Nevisian cricketer (1978-2012) Constance Baker Motley (1921–2005), who as a young lawyer represented Martin Luther King, Jr., has Nevisian heritage and owned a home in Brown Hill, Nevis, near her ancestral home. Both her mother and father emigrated from Nevis. She attained fame as the first African-American woman appointed as a United States Federal judge, the first African-American woman elected to the New York State Senate and the first woman to serve as Manhattan borough president. She was also the first African-American woman to serve on the federal judiciary (1966), as well as the first African-American and the first woman to become Chief Judge of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York (1982). Mel B, the former "Scary Spice" of the Spice Girls, born on 29 May 1975 in Leeds, has a Nevisian father. Angela Griffin, actress, born 19 July 1976 in Leeds, has a Nevisian father. She is a British actress and television presenter who has been active on British television since the early 1990s. United States Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer has a vacation home on Nevis. In February 2012 he was robbed in his home at machete-point. Fox News See also * Nevis Historical and Conservation Society * Arthur Anslyn, marine expert References '''Notes''' wikipedia:Nevis


vocal opposition

by the large troop presence. Despite vocal political opposition, Barbados used the stamps, to the pleasure of King George (George III of Great Britain). In Jamaica there was also vocal opposition, which included threats of violence. There was much evasion of the stamps, and ships arriving without stamped papers were allowed to enter port. Despite this, Jamaica produced more stamp revenue (£2,000) than any other colony. Andrew J. O'Shaughnessy, "The Stamp Act crisis


development culture

. A gallon (3.79 litres) of cane juice from Nevis yielded 24 ounces (0.71 litres) of sugar, whereas a gallon from Saint Kitts yielded 16 ounces (0.47 litres). Twenty percent of the British Empire's total sugar production in 1700 was derived from Nevisian plantations. Watts, David (1987). ''The West Indies: Patterns of Development, Culture and Environmental Change Since 1492''. Cambridge University Press, 1987, p. 285. Exports from West


hamilton+estate

Hamilton Estate, New River Estate, Coconut Walk Estate, The Lime Kiln, and Cottle Church. *'''Culturama''' is an annual cultural festival celebrated in the first week of August, as part of the Emancipation Day weekend. *'''Green vervet monkeys'''. Nevis is one of only three West Indian islands which have a population of these handsome large monkeys, which were introduced and became naturalized many centuries ago. The monkeys have extremely long tails, and they spend a lot of time on the ground


calypso

was given a more organised form in 1974, including a Miss Culture Show and a Calypso (Calypso music) Competition, as well as drama performances, old fashion Troupes (including Johnny Walkers, Giant and Spear, Bulls, Red Cross and Blue Ribbon), arts and crafts exhibitions and recipe competitions. According to the Nevis Department of Culture, the aim is to protect and encourage indigenous folklore, in order to make sure that the uniquely Caribbean culture can "reassert itself and flourish

; the Moonlight Night" . ''Musical Traditions'', 1 November 2002. Retrieved 8 May 2007. Among the Nevisians recorded were chantey-singing fishermen in a session organised in a rum shop in Newcastle; Santoy, the Calypsonian, performing calypso (Calypso music)s by Nevisian ballader and local legend Charles Walters Abrahams, Roger D. "Charles Walters - West Indian Autolycus

, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Sint Eustatius, Saint John (Saint John, U.S. Virgin Islands), Saint Lucia, Grenada, Saba, Nevis and Anguilla, the latter two of which are especially known for popular calypso competitions. Christmastime Carnivals are held on Montserrat, Saint Croix (Saint Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands), Saint Martin and Saint Kitts; Montserrat's distinctive Carnival includes masquerade (Masquerade ceremony)s and steelbands, and both islands also feature


local+guest

and beach bar has their own version; the one from Sunshine's Beach Bar is called a "Killer Bee". Sleep There are a number of different places to stay on Nevis, ranging from luxury hotels to small local guest houses, and also including house rentals. Some places to stay are right on the beach, some are inland but have a beach that they will run you to; one is up on the mountainside, which is cooler. The hotels and inns are: * wikipedia:Nevis

Nevis

right thumb 250px The east coast of Nevis, partially protected by coral reef (File:Nevis Aerial.jpg)s. Long Haul Bay is seen in the foreground. right thumb 250px Main Street, Charlestown, Nevis (File:Nevis Charlestown.jpg). right thumb 250px Part of the west coast of Nevis, including the location of Monuments and memorials to Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson#Sites overseas Nelson's Spring (File:Nevis 2008.jpg) thumb The view looking inland from the Nevis airport, 2008 (File:Vance Amory International Airport, Nevis.JPG)

'''Nevis''' is a small island in the Caribbean Sea that forms part of the inner arc of the Leeward Islands chain of the West Indies. It is located near the northern end of the Lesser Antilles archipelago, about 350 km east-southeast of Puerto Rico and 80 km west of Antigua. Its area is 93 km² and capital is Charlestown (Charlestown, Nevis).

Nevis and the island of Saint Kitts to the northwest form the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis. The two islands are separated by a shallow two-mile (3.22 km) channel known as "The Narrows". Nevis is conical in shape with a volcanic peak known as Nevis Peak at its centre. The island is fringed on its western and northern coastlines by sandy beaches that are composed of a mixture of white coral sand with brown and black sand which was eroded and washed down from the volcanic rocks that make up the island. The gently-sloping coastal plain (0.6 miles 1 km wide) has natural freshwater springs as well as non-potable volcanic hot springs, especially along the western coast.

The island was named ''Oualie'' ("Land of Beautiful Waters") by the Caribs (Island Caribs) and ''Dulcina'' ("Sweet Island") by the early British settlers. The name, ''Nevis'', is derived from the Spanish, ''Nuestra Señora de las Nieves'' (which means Our Lady of the Snows (Dedication of Saint Mary Major)); the name first appears on maps in the 16th century. Hubbard, Vincent K. (2002). ''Swords, Ships & Sugar: History of Nevis''. Corvallis, Oregon: Premiere, ISBN 1-891519-05-0, pp. 20-23 (Captain Gilbert, Captain Smith), 25 (pearl diving), 41-44 (name Dulcina, treaty with Spain, first settlement), 69-70 (privateers, Captain Francis), 79-85 (slave trade, Royal African Company, Queen of the Caribees), 86-102 (Caribs), 113-120 (d'Iberville, buccaneers), 138-139 (Great Britain's wealth derived from West Indian sugar and slave trade, 1776 starvation), 194-195 (Alexandra Hospital), 211-223 (electricity, Anguilla in 1967, OECD blacklist). Nevis is also known by the sobriquet "Queen of the Caribees", which it earned in the 18th century, when its sugar plantations created much wealth for the British.

Nevis is of particular historical significance to Americans because it was the birthplace and early childhood home of Alexander Hamilton. For the British, Nevis is the place where Horatio Nelson was stationed as a young sea captain, and is where he met and married a Nevisian, Frances Nisbet, the young widow of a plantation-owner.

The majority of the approximately 12,000 citizens of Nevis are of primarily African descent. English is the official language, and the literacy rate, 98 percent, is one of the highest in the Western Hemisphere.

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