What is Netherlands known for?

experimental studies


studies about

exceptional medical

and safe, as the Nazis turn Amsterdam upside-down. Europe Most Western European countries have put in place a mechanism to fund formal care and, in a number of Northern (Northern Europe) and Continental European countries, arrangements exist to at least partially fund informal care as well. Some countries have had publicly organized funding arrangements in place for many years: the Netherlands adopted the Exceptional Medical Expenses Act (ABWZ) in 1967, and in 1988 Norway

called team

territories of Australia, Austria, The Bahamas, Belgium, Bermuda, Canada, the Dominican Republic, El Salvador, France, Germany, Guam, the Netherlands, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Poland, Spain, Switzerland, Scotland, England and Wales (In The United Kingdom.) The Breckenridge International Snow Sculpture Championships in Breckenridge, Colorado began in 1990. A group of local snow sculptors called Team Breck, which

famous concentration

is officially a part of the Drechtsteden. A portion of the small village of Kinderdijk, which boasts the largest and most famous concentration of windmills in the Netherlands, is part of Alblasserdam. '''Albrandswaard''' ( ) is a municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. The municipality had a population of 19,607 in 2004, and covers an area of 23.75 km² (9.17 mile²) of which 1.57 km

main contemporary

de la Comunidad de Madrid. Published on Revista ''ADN''. Winter 2003 EL NATURISMO LIBERTARIO EN LA PENÍNSULA IBÉRICA (1890-1939) by Jose Maria Rosello and whose main contemporary currents are anarcho-primitivism and social ecology. Anarcho-pacifism is a tendency which rejects the use of violence in the struggle for social change (see non-violence). It developed "mostly in the Netherlands, Britain (United Kingdom), and the United States, before and during the Second World War (World War II)". Christian anarchism is a movement (Christian movement) in political theology that combines anarchism and Christianity. Commons:Category:Netherlands Dmoz:Regional Europe Netherlands Wikipedia:Netherlands

strict social

something like "Waarschuwing: blauwalg". If in doubt, ask someone. Respect The Dutch are supposed to be the most informal and easy-going people in Europe and there are few strict social taboos to speak of. It's unlikely that Dutch people will be offended simply by your behaviour or appearance. In fact, it's more likely that visitors themselves will be offended by overly ''direct'' conversation. Nevertheless, the standards for ''overt'' rudeness and hostility are similar to those in other western European countries. The exception to this openness is personal wealth. For instance, it's considered vulgar to reveal how rich you are, so asking somebody about this will be considered nosy and will probably just get you an evasive answer. Likewise, it's not advisable to be forceful about your own religion or to assume a Dutch person you've met is a Catholic or a Calvinist, since most people do not adhere to any faith at all. In urban areas it's not considered rude to ask somebody about this, but you'll generally be expected to be entirely tolerant of whatever the other person believes and not attempt to proselytize in any way. Openly religious behaviour is usually met with bewilderment and ridicule rather than hostility. An exception is the Dutch Bible Belt which runs from Zeeland into South Holland, Utrecht and Gelderland, and consists of towns with many strong Dutch Reformed Christians, who are more likely to be insulted by different religious views. Openly nationalist sentiments are likewise viewed with some suspicion among the general public, although there are a number of celebrations like Queen's Day (''Koninginnedag'', 30 April) and during football championships. Some people dress in orange and or get drunk, but you don't have to fear hostility to foreigners. Social etiquette In the Netherlands, cheek-kissing is a common way of greeting among women and between women and men. Two men will generally shake hands. Kissing is particularly suitable for informal occasions. For greetings, it's typically used for people who are already acquainted. It's also common practice when congratulating someone, and is common among strangers in that case too. Hand shaking is more appropriate for formal occasions. Trying to shake hands when offered a kiss or refusing a kiss altogether could be considered odd or rude. Dutch people will kiss three times alternating right and left cheeks. This could lead to awkward situations for British people and many other Europeans, being used to just two kisses. Also, always kiss on the cheeks instead of giving air-kisses. Gay and lesbian travellers thumb Gay Pride in Amsterdam (File:Gay Pride Amsterdam 2009c.jpg) As mentioned above, the Netherlands is quite liberal when it comes to '''homosexuality''' and by far is considered to be '''one of the gay-friendliest countries in the world.''' The Netherlands has a reputation of being the first country to recognise same-sex marriage, and openly displaying your orientation wouldn't cause much upset in the Netherlands. However, even a gay friendly country like the Netherlands has room for some criticisms of homosexuality, but this varies depending on where one travels. Regardless, with violence and discrimination against gays being rare as well as the legal status of same-sex marriage in the Netherlands, this country may be considered a '''gay utopia''' and should be safe for gays and lesbians (except sometimes in Islamic neighbourhoods in the major Dutch cities, after big football matches, or in demonstrations if there is a violent attitude in general). If you express opposition to LGBT rights, Dutch people are not likely to get angry, though they might make clear to you that they do not agree with your thoughts. Don't get mistaken by Dutch using 'gay' ('homo') as a swearword, as this doesn't mean, in many cases, that they oppose homosexuality. They just don't want to be too serious about it. Recent polls indicate that more than 90% of Dutch people think homosexuality is moral and should be accepted, though only 25% to 30% of ethnic Turks and Moroccans in the Netherlands agree with this. Location and language Outside the provinces of North and South Holland (and probably Utrecht and Flevoland), it's considered disrespectful to speak as if you're in Holland. Only 2 of the ''twelve'' provinces of the Netherlands are 'Holland'. For instance, people from the province of Friesland (''Fryslân'' in Frisian) are proud of their region, so they don't like to be confused with the dominant part of the Netherlands - Holland. Traditionally, the Dutch have some degree of animosity towards Germany. Although for the older generation this may be serious due to experiences in the second World War, for most this is a good-natured rivalry, especially in football. However, do not confuse the two countries! If someone asks if the other speaks Dutch and is answered in German (eg: ''ein bisschen''), they will be corrected in a not necessarily friendly manner. On a lesser scale this also applies to people who say they are in Belgium, though the language part isn't important, unless you unhappily speak with a Flemish person and you start to talk in French! Dutch people usually make jokes about Belgians, Germans, Moroccans, Turks, Jews and some World War II-related subjects. Some of these jokes could be considered as racist or discriminatory. Connect The country code for the Netherlands is '''31'''. The outbound international prefix is '''00''' so, to call the US, substitute '''00 1''' for '''+1''' and for the UK '''00 44''' for '''+44'''. The '''cellular phone network''' in the Netherlands is GSM 900 1800. The cell phone networks are operated by KPN, Vodafone and T-Mobile; other operators use one of these 3 networks. The networks are high quality and cover every corner of the Netherlands. If you're bringing your own (GSM) cell phone to call (or receive calls) whilst in The Netherlands, make sure to check the relevant "roaming" charges for your provider, as they vary substantially. Receiving phone calls on a cell phone using a Dutch SIM card is free in most cases; charges apply if you're using a foreign SIM card, as the call is theoretically routed through your country of origin. It may be cheaper to buy a pay-as-you-go SIM card to insert into your GSM phone, or even to buy a very cheap pay-as-you-go card+phone bundle. Providers that specialize in discount rates to foreign countries include Lyca, Lebara, Ortel and Vectone. To enjoy '''cheap international calls''' from the Netherlands you can use low-cost dial-around services such as Qazza BelBazaar pennyphone SlimCall telegoedkoop beldewereld teleknaller Dial-around services are directly available from any landline in the Netherlands. No contract, no registration is required. Most dial-around services offer USA, Canada, Western Europe and many other countries at the price of a local call so you can save on your phone expenses easily. They also work from public payphones. There are few public phone booths left in the Netherlands. They are mostly found at train stations. Telfort booths accept coins, whereas most KPN booths accept only prepaid cards or credit cards. Some new public phones have been installed which accept coins again. Note that tariffs (per unit or amount of calling time) can differ between public phones in a truly public area and the same types of machines in a more public-private area. 0800 numbers are toll-free while 09xx numbers are charged at premium rates. Mobile phones have numbers in the 06 range, and calls to cell phones are also priced at higher rates. (National) Directory Inquiries can be reached via '''1888''', '''1850''' and various other 'Inquiry-operators'. Rates differ by operator, but are usually rather high, more than €1 per call, as well as per-second charges. International Directory Inquiries can be reached on 0900 8418 (Mon-Fri 8AM-8PM, €0.90 per minute). Phone numbers can also be found on the Internet, free of charge, on, De and for opening times visit Internet access With the exception of some low-end service providers, all mobile operators support '''GPRS'''. KPN, Vodafone and T-Mobile offer '''UMTS''' (and HSDPA) service in almost all parts of the country, with 3G coverage widely available and faster "4G" advertised services quickly becoming available throughout 2014, especially for KPN and Vodafone users. Dutch sim cards are also available with mobile internet access, typically from €10 for 1 GB and a month validity. '''Internet cafés''' are increasingly rare but can still be found in major cities and usually also provide international calling booths. Many public libraries provide Internet access, usually at a charge. Wireless Internet access using '''Wi-Fi''' is quite widely available. It's usually a free service in pubs, restaurants and many attractions. In hotels the situation differs, with free service in some and high rates in others. Free Wi-Fi is offered in many of the larger railway stations, an increasing number of NS intercity trains, local trains of some of the other operators, and some regional buses, and Schiphol offers limited free service as well as better (and longer) use for a charge. Commons:Category:Netherlands Dmoz:Regional Europe Netherlands Wikipedia:Netherlands

successful play

, regularly finishing in the top 10 before falling down to Division 2 in the 1987–88 season (1987–88 French Division 1). During Sochaux's 24-year run in the first division, the club played in European competitions four times. In the 1980–81 season, Sochaux surprised many by reaching the semi-finals of the UEFA Cup. In the round, the club was defeated by Dutch (Netherlands) club AZ (AZ (football club)) 4–3 on aggregate. The club's successful play during this stint was predominantly due to the creation of the club's academy in 1974, which paid immediate dividends. Player such as Bernard Genghini, Yannick Stopyra, Joël Bats, and Philippe Anziani were among the inaugural graduates who were instrumental in Sochaux's domestic success. Lille OSC initially began its existence playing at the Stade Henri Jooris. The stadium had been previously used by Olympique Lillois and, following the merger, became Lille's permanent facility. The facility was named after Henri Jooris, who served as president of Olympique Lillois from 1910–1932. In 1974, Lille moved into the recently-completed Stade Grimonprez Jooris. The stadium was inaugurated on 28 October 1975 with Lille contesting a match against Dutch (Netherlands) club Feyenoord. In 2003, it was announced by Lille OSC and the city that the site of the Stade Grimonprez Jooris would be used to build the club's new stadium. Lille, subsequently, moved into the Stade Lille-Metropole (Stadium Nord Lille Métropole) in nearby Villeneuve-d'Ascq. Due to the Stade Lille-Metropole not meeting the requirements to host UEFA Champions League matches, Lille hosted home matches at the Stade Félix Bollaert in Lens (RC Lens) and Stade de France in Saint-Denis. The city of Aachen is near the Belgian (Belgium) and Dutch (Netherlands) borders and as a result ''Alemannia'' has had frequent contact with clubs from those countries. Their first game was against the Belgian side ''R. Dolhain F.C. (List of football clubs in Belgium)'', one of that country's earliest clubs. The team played in the Rhineland-Westphalia FA and won its first championship there in 1907, before joining the newly formed Westdeutsche Fussball Verband in 1909. The club grew steadily as interest in football increased. They qualified for the Rheingauliga in 1921, built their own stadium in 1928, and earned admittance to the Oberliga the following year. There is a total of six stages in the game, each set in a distinct Eurasian country: Hong Kong, France, Holland (Netherlands), England, Italy and Japan. As in the original game, the player will be pitted against numerous types of recurring enemy characters thorough the game. The only returning enemy characters from the original SNES game are the Andore family. Rolento (List of characters in the Street Fighter series#Rolento), a boss character who was in the first ''Final Fight'' but omitted from the SNES port, appears as a boss character in this game (with his name spelled "Rolent"). '''Candy Dulfer''' (born 19 September 1969) is a Dutch (Netherlands) smooth jazz alto saxophonist (alto saxophone) who began playing at the age of six. She founded her band, Funky Stuff, when she was fourteen years old. Her debut album ''Saxuality'' (1990) received a Grammy Award nomination. Dulfer has released nine studio albums, two live albums, and one compilation album. She has performed and recorded songs with other notable musicians, such as her father Hans Dulfer, Prince (Prince (musician)), Dave Stewart (David A. Stewart), Van Morrison, and Maceo Parker. She hosts the Dutch television series ''Candy meets...'' (2007), in which she interviews fellow musicians. Early life Candy Dulfer was born on 19 September 1969 in Amsterdam in the Netherlands, as the daughter of saxophonist Hans Dulfer. Commons:Category:Netherlands Dmoz:Regional Europe Netherlands Wikipedia:Netherlands

including metal

. The band started to garner attention in Europe, with mentions in several media including ''Metal Hammer'', ''Rock Sound'', ''Classic rock'', ''Kerrang!'', ''Metal Hammer Germany (Metal Hammer (Germany))'' and ''Aardshock''. In August 2004 the band did a six week tour through Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Czech Republic, the Netherlands and the UK (United Kingdom). From September to November The Butterfly Effect played 32 shows in 40 days. Album sales

have exceeded 10,000 units in the UK and Europe, and the band has also had some success in South Africa. Distribution deals saw the album being released by RSK in the UK (United Kingdom), Sony in Germany, Suburban in Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. The band started to garner attention in Europe, with mentions in several media including ''Metal Hammer'', ''Rock Sound'', ''Classic rock'', ''Kerrang!'', '' Metal

(CBC) * The government denies the request for a public inquiry into the Air India incident. In an e-mail sent to the families of the victims, B.C.'s Ministry of Attorney General says, "that there are no grounds on which the Crown could launch an appeal." (CBC) In recent years, Serbia has seen an increasingly swift foreign direct investment trend, including metal processing industry US Steel, building

production painting

as an apprentice in Leiden, the town of his birth. Like many Dutch (Netherlands) painters of his time, Jan van Goyen studied art in the town of Haarlem with Esaias van de Velde. At age 35, he established a permanent studio at Den Haag (The Hague). Crenshaw tells (and mentions the sources) that Van Goyen's landscape paintings rarely fetched high prices, but he made up for the modest value of individual pieces by increasing his production, painting thinly and quickly with a limited palette of inexpensive pigments. Despite his market innovations, he always sought more income, not only through related work as an art dealer and auctioneer but also by speculating in tulips and real estate. Although the latter was usually a safe avenue of investing money, in Van Goyen's experience it led to enormous debts. Paulus Potter rented one of his houses. Though he seems to have kept a workshop, his only registered pupils were Nicolaes van Berchem, Jan Steen, and Adriaen van der Kabel. Jan van Goyen entry in the Netherlands Institute for Art History The list of painters he influenced is much longer. export-goods tea, horticultural products, coffee, petroleum products, fish, cement export-partners UK (United Kingdom) 10.2%, Netherlands 9.4%, Uganda 9.1%, Tanzania 8.9%, US (United States) 6.4%, Pakistan 5.7% (2008) imports $9.215 billion (2009 est.) export-goods export-partners Japan 19.9%, South Korea 17%, Taiwan 11.2%, Singapore 9.9%, United States 8.4%, Netherlands 4.8%, China 4.4% Pakistan 2.4% (2007) imports $26.54 billion f.o.b. (2008 est.) By contrast, in the Netherlands kickboxing was introduced in its Japanese form, by Jan Plas and Thom Harinck who founded NKBB (The Dutch Kickboxing Association) in 1976. Harinck also founded the MTBN (Dutch Muay Thai Association) in 1983, and the WMTA (World Muay Thai Association) and the EMTA (European Muay Thai Association) in 1984. On 4 May, German forces in the Netherlands, Denmark, and northwestern Germany under Dönitz's command surrendered to Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery (Bernard Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein) at the Lüneburg Heath, just southeast of Hamburg, signalling the end of World War II in northwestern Europe. thumb 250 px right A korfball match in the Netherlands (Image:Jump korfball zkv alo.jpg) between 'ZKV Zaandam' and 'ALO' '''Korfball''' ( Commons:Category:Netherlands Dmoz:Regional Europe Netherlands Wikipedia:Netherlands

controversial views

of the Dutch (Netherlands) bishops. It was commissioned and authorized by the Catholic hierarchy of the Netherlands, "to make the message of Jesus Christ sound as new as it is" The Catechism, which sold record number of copies throughout the world, contains controversial views, which were reviewed by a group of Cardinals. They pointed to several errors but decided to "nonetheless leave by far the greatest part of the New Catechism untouched. So too, they support the praiseworthy intention


The '''Netherlands''' (

The Netherlands' name literally means "Low Country (Low Countries)", inspired by its low and flat geography, with only about 50% of its land exceeding one metre above sea level (Above mean sea level). Most of the areas below sea level are man-made. Since the late 16th century, large areas (polders) have been reclaimed (land reclamation) from the sea and from lakes, amounting to nearly 17% of the country's current land mass.

With a population density of 406 people per km² – 497 if water is excluded – the Netherlands is a very densely populated country (List of sovereign states and dependent territories by population density) for its size. Only Bangladesh, South Korea and Taiwan have both a larger population and a higher population density. Nevertheless, the Netherlands is the world's second largest exporter of food and agriculture products, after the United States. Netherlands: Agricultural exports top 80 billion Euros Holland is world-leading exporter of agri-food products

The Netherlands was one of the first countries in the world to have an elected parliament, and since 1848 it has been governed as a parliamentary (parliamentary system) democracy and a constitutional monarchy, organised as a unitary state. The Netherlands has a long history of social tolerance and is generally regarded as a liberal (liberalism) country, having legalised abortion, prostitution and euthanasia, while maintaining a progressive drugs policy (drug policy of the Netherlands). In 2001 it became the world's first country to legalize same-sex marriage (same-sex marriage in the Netherlands).

The Netherlands is a founding member of the EU (European Union), Eurozone, G-10 (Group of Ten (economic)), NATO, OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development), WTO (World Trade Organization) and a part of the trilateral Benelux economic union. The country is host to the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons and five international courts: the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, the International Criminal Court and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. The first four are situated in The Hague, as is the EU's criminal intelligence agency Europol and judicial co-operation agency Eurojust. This has led to the city being dubbed "the world's legal capital". , specifically, ''"In the 1990s, during his term as United Nations Secretary-General, Boutros Boutros-Ghali started calling The Hague the world's legal capital."'' The Netherlands is also a part of the Schengen Area.

The Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 17th of 177 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom.

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