Nanjing

What is Nanjing known for?


professional opera

Company , Jiangsu Peking Opera Institute and Nanjing Xiaohonghua Art Company among others. Jiangsu Province Kun Opera is one of the best theatres for Kunqu, China's oldest stage art. A brief introduction to Jiangsu Province Kunqu Theatre It is considered a conservative and traditional troupe. Nanjing also has professional opera troupes for the Yang, Yue (shaoxing), Xi and Jing (Chinese opera varieties) as well as Suzhou pingtan, spoken theatre and puppet theatre. Jiangsu Art Gallery is the largest gallery in Jiangsu Province, presenting some of the best traditional and contemporary art pieces of China; Jiangsu Art Gallery, Synotrip. many other smaller-scale galleries, such as Red Chamber Art Garden and Jinling Stone Gallery, also have their own special exhibitions. Festivals WikiPedia:Nanjing commons:南京


studies location

: books.google.com books?ct result&id P3tpAAAAMAAJ&dq ma+bufang+liu+wenhui&q ma+bufang+tibetans title Historical themes and current change in Central and Inner Asia: papers presented at the Central and Inner Asian Seminar, University of Toronto, April 25–26, 1997, Volume 1997 author Michael Gervers, Wayne Schlepp, Joint Centre for Asia Pacific Studies year 1998 publisher Joint Centre for Asia Pacific Studies location pages 73, 74, 76 isbn 189529634X pages 195 accessdate 2010-06-28

P3tpAAAAMAAJ&dq ma+bufang+liu+wenhui&q ma+bufang+tibetans title Historical themes and current change in Central and Inner Asia: papers presented at the Central and Inner Asian Seminar, University of Toronto, April 25–26, 1997, Volume 1997 author Michael Gervers, Wayne Schlepp, Joint Centre for Asia Pacific Studies year 1998 publisher Joint Centre for Asia Pacific Studies location pages 73, 74, 76 isbn 189529634X pages 195 accessdate 2010-06-28


work cultural

in various sources as either Gorge or Gorch. File:Sunzhongshan.jpg thumb 260px Recumbent effigy of Dr. Sun Yat

by a Czech (Czechs) sculptor, whose name is rendered in various sources as either Gorge or Gorch. ** Macau


style legal

government attempted to develop Western-style legal and penal systems. Few of the Guomindang codes, however, were implemented nationwide. Although government leaders were striving for a Western-inspired system of codified law, the traditional Chinese preference for collective social sanctions over impersonal legalism (Legalism (Chinese philosophy)) hindered constitutional and legal development. The spirit of the new laws never penetrated to the grass-roots level or provided hoped


conservative modern

, the mausoleum of Sun Yat-sen (Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum) opened in Nanjing, China. The body of Dr. Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925), considered the "Father of Modern China", is interred beneath a sarcophagus of white marble with a sculpted effigy of Dr. Sun on top, supine and dressed in conservative modern Chinese attire. The park and mausoleum were designed by Chinese architect Lu Yanzhi, though the recumbent effigy was carved by a Czech (Czechs) sculptor, whose name is rendered

-sen in Nanjing, China. In 1929, the mausoleum of Sun Yat-sen (Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum) opened in Nanjing, China. The body of Dr. Sun Yat-sen (1866–1925), considered the "Father of Modern China", is interred beneath a sarcophagus of white marble with a sculpted effigy of Dr. Sun on top, supine and dressed in conservative modern Chinese attire. The park and mausoleum were designed by Chinese architect Lu Yanzhi, though the recumbent effigy was carved


top amp

Nánjīng Lùkǒu Guójì Jīchǎng ) is the main airport of Nanjing, the capital of China's Jiangsu province. The airport is located in the suburban Jiangning District, over 35 km to the south from Nanjing's downtown area. image_map Nanjing_and_Hangzhou.jpg map_caption '''Nanjing''' (top) & '''Hangzhou''' (bottom) subdivision_type Country subdivision_type1 Major Cities subdivision_name1 Shanghai Nanjing br >


international activities

WikiPedia:Nanjing commons:南京


extensive food

and jukebox. A sort of eclectic menu that offers pub fare like burgers or Indian food like vindaloo. The service can be slow, so don't try to grab a quick lunch here. If you're hurting for an ale or stout (Chinese beer is invariably light) you can break up the monotony with a nice heavy import. *There is an extensive '''food court underneath Xinjiekou''' off of Fashion Lady shopping mall with lots and lots of options. Included is a Dairy Queen. Splurge *


defense holding

and Shouyang, Emperor Taiwu began a withdraw, and on the way, insulted by the Liu Song general Zang Zhi (臧質), he put Xuyi (盱眙, in modern Huai'an, Jiangsu) under siege, and, after both sides suffered heavy losses but with the defense holding, quickly withdrew. This campaign appeared to heavily wear out both empires and demonstrated the cruel parts of Emperor Taiwu's personality well, as Sima Guang described it in this manner: Since 1982, Tay has conducted the DHSCO on performance tours

forces garrisoned at Pengcheng and Shouyang, Emperor Taiwu began a withdraw, and on the way, insulted by the Liu Song general Zang Zhi (臧質), he put Xuyi (盱眙, in modern Huai'an, Jiangsu) under siege, and, after both sides suffered heavy losses but with the defense holding, quickly withdrew. This campaign appeared to heavily wear out both empires and demonstrated the cruel parts of Emperor Taiwu's personality well, as Sima Guang described it in this manner: Taixu was born in Hǎiníng (海


current projects

born in Nanjing, China) was a Ming Dynasty Chinese (Chinese people) writer, best known as the author of the mythological-fantasy novel ''Fengshen Yanyi''. Chinese revolutionary, founder of the Kuomintang, and 1st President of the Republic of China At the foot of the second peak of Mount Zijin (Purple Mountain) in Nanjing, China Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum Will released his debut Mandarin solo album in 2002, ''Gecko Stroll'' (壁虎漫步). On 21 December 2007 Pan was special guest at Taiwanese artist Shin (Shin (singer))'s debut solo concert tour in Nanjing, where they preformed their track "Shut Up" from Pan's sixth album ''Play It Cool''. Xinhua News Agency Taiwan rock singer A-Shin shows off new stage image 19 December 2007. Retrieved 2011-05-25 His 2009 album, ''007 (007 (album))'' was released at Family Mart convenience stores in Taiwan along with those of S.H.E and Angela Zhang. It features a duet, "Be with You" with American R&B singer Akon. He held a series of solo concerts at the Taipei Arena from 6 December 2009 to July 2010. Biography Zhang was born in Nanjing in 1906. Before the Second Sino-Japanese War, he worked as a teacher, journalist and minor official. His prolific literary career started out in the 1920s. Hung-Yok Ip. "Fashioning Appearances: Feminine Beauty in Chinese Communist Revolutionary Culture". ''Modern China''. Vol. 29, No. 3 (Jul. 2003), pp. 329–361 ''Sage Publications, Inc''. http: www.jstor.org stable 3181296 By the early 1930s Zhang had joined both the League of Left-Wing Writers and Mao's (Mao Zedong) Chinese Communist Party. Anderson, Marston. ''The Limits of Realism: Chinese Fiction in the Revolutionary Period''. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1990. P. 155. ''Escholarship Program''. ''California Digital Library''. Retrieved March 14, 2009. http: ark.cdlib.org ark: 13030 ft4s2005qm During the war and after the establishment of the People's Republic of China, he continued to write and held various official posts, including the editorship of the literary journal ''Renmin Wenxue'' (''People's Literature''). Being a metropolitan city with many foreign interests invested in it, other countries, such as the United States, the United Kingdom, and France attempted to negotiate a ceasefire between Japan and China. However, Japan refused, instead continuing to mobilize troops in the region. On February 12, American, British, and French representatives brokered a half-day cease fire for humanitarian relief to civilians caught in the crossfire. On 30 January, Chiang Kai-shek decided to temporarily relocate the capital from Nanjing to Luoyang as an emergency measure, since Nanjing's proximity to Shanghai could make it a target. In 1937, the North China Area Army had chased Song Zheyuan's 29th Army to the south along the Jinpu Railway (see Tianjin–Pukou Railway Operation) after his defeat in the Battle of Lugou Bridge. After Japan won the Battle of Nanjing, the North China Area Army advanced southward to establish a Japanese connection between Beijing and Nanjing, ignoring the non-expansionist policy of the Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo. Most mechanized and air forces in Eastern China were wiped out in the Battle of Shanghai in 1937. Although new equipment was purchased, it had yet to be shipped. Young and untested at his father's death Yang Wo had relied on the director of the guard, Xu Wen, for his ascension, but later grew to resent Xu Wen's influence. However before he could pull himself free, Yang Wo was assassinated by Xu Wen and his colleague Zhang Hao in 908. Wen and Hao had initially planned to divide Wu between themselves and submit to Liang, but they soon fell out. Xu Wen installed Yang Wo's younger brother Longyan (Yang Longyan) and had Zhang Hao killed. Yang Longyan was a mere puppet with Xu Wen as the state's true ruler. Wen made himself Runzhou governor and moved his command to Jinling (Nanjing). The regular administration at the capital was left to his son Xu Zhixun. After Zhixun's murder in 918 this position was inherited by Wen's stepson, Zhigao (Li Bian). In 919 Yang Longyan proclaimed himself King of Wu and inaugurated a new era name (Chinese era name), thus for the first time Wu officially claimed to be a sovereign state. Longyan died of illness in 922 and was succeeded by his brother, Xingmi's fourth son, Yang Pu. As before, Xu Wen had the real power. He prodded Yang Pu to proclaim himself emperor, but died in 927 before this could happen. 29 November 927 Yang Pu acceded the throne as Emperor of Wu. Xu Zhigao was made grand marshal and director of the Chancellery. He married Margot Victor in 1936, and took a position at the National Central University in Nanjing. His mathematical work was seriously affected by the wartime situation in China. He taught at the National Tung-Chi University (Tongji University) in Shanghai in the academic year 1946–47, and then went to the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton (Princeton, New Jersey), where he returned to his research. From 1948 to 1977 he was a professor at Johns Hopkins University. Radar The ship is the first Chinese ship fitted with a multifunction Active Phased Array Radar with four antenna arrays, with a reported name Type 348 Radar. China originally imported a Ukrainian C-band active phased array radar for evaluation, but decided that the radar did not meet the Chinese requirement. Instead, China adopted a domestic S-band multifunction active phased array radar with four antenna arrays. The radar is developed by the Research Institute of Electronic Technology (also more commonly known as the 14th Institute) at Nanjing, Jiangsu province, and it is a successor to the 14th Institute's earlier developed Type H LJG-346 SAPARS ('''S'''hipborne '''A'''ctive '''P'''hased '''A'''rray '''R'''adar '''S'''ystem) that was completed in 1998. Chinese discovered that the S-band adopted by the American AN SPY-1 passive phased array could be better suited for the requirements for the active phased array radar as well. The radar has reported name of Type 348 Radar and a maximum range of 450 km, and a maximum resolution of 0.5 metres. However, under an earlier but completely different contract, Ukraine did provide cooling technologies for the antenna to China. According to many Chinese claims on the internet, the name assigned for Type 348 radar is Sea Lion, but others claim the name only applies to the export version. Transportation The Nanjing-Jinjiang-Yancheng Highway passes through from south to north and National Highway 328 goes from west to east. All the townships are connected by well paved ways. The old and new Yangzhou Canal, Zhonggan river, Jiangyan-Qintong river, and east and west Jiangyan-Huangqiao rivers provide a very good river transportation system. It takes few than 3 hours to Nanjing or Shanghai. Out of the total 1044 km² area, large amount of them are low swamps, and the water area measures about 15%. The routes to get to Jiangyan includes: * Take buses from Shanghai or Nanjing through National Highway 328 (China National Highway 328) or Nanjing-Jinjiang-Yancheng Highway. In fall 623, the Tang general Fu Gongshi, who had served as the deputy of the powerful general Li Fuwei (Du Fuwei) the Prince of Wu as the military governor of the lower Yangtze region, rebelled against Tang rule while Li Fuwei was at Chang'an, declaring himself the Emperor of Song. Emperor Gaozu commissioned Li Xiaogong to attack Fu, again making Li Jing Li Xiaogong's assistant, and also sending other generals Huang Junhan (黃君漢) and Li Shiji to attack Fu from other fronts. Li Xiaogong and Li Jing sailed down the Yangtze, attacking and defeating the Song generals at multiple battles. Fu ordered his generals Feng Huiliang (馮慧亮) and Chen Dangshi (陳當世) to take up position at Mount Bowang (博望山, in modern Ma'anshan, Anhui, preparing for the assault, instructing Feng and Chen not to engage Li Xiaogong, but to wear him down. However, Li Xiaogong, under Li Jing's suggestion, cut off their supply route, and when Feng and Chen's food supplies ran low, they challenged Li Xiaogong. Against suggestions by some officers that he bypass Feng and Chen and attack the Song capital Danyang (丹楊, in modern Nanjing, Jiangsu) directly, Li Xiaogong, again with Li Jing's suggestion, confronted Feng and Chen, initially using the weaker segment of his forces to battle Feng and Chen and, after initial losses, draw Feng and Chen in deeper, and then attacked them, defeating them decisively, with the aid of Li Fuwei's subordinate general Kan Leng (闞稜). After the victory, Li Xiaogong and Li Jing attacked Danyang. Fu, in fear, abandoned Danyang and fled east, but was captured by the local men and delivered to Danyang. Emperor Gaozu, praising Li Jing, made the comment: "Li Jing is the fatal illness for Xiao and Fu. How could even Han Xin, Bai Qi, Wei Qing, or Huo Qubing exceed him?" Subsequently, Li Xiaogong was put in charge of the region, and Li Jing served as his assistant. it was said that Li Jing contributed much in pacifying the region after the region had seen much bloodshed for years. *1936: Coup attempt, the February 26 Incident, crushed by Hirohito. Kōki Hirota becomes prime minister (March 9). Japan signs its first pact with Germany (November 25) and occupies Tsingtao (December 3). Mengchiang established in Inner Mongolia. *1937: Senjūrō Hayashi becomes prime minister (February 2). Prince Konoe Fumimaro becomes prime minister (June 4). Battle of Lugou Bridge (July 7). Japan captures Beijing (July 31). Japanese troops occupy Nanjing (December 13), beginning the Nanjing massacre. *1938: Battle of Taierzhuang (March 24

Nanjing

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'''Nanjing''' (

Located in the lower Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta economic zone, Nanjing has long been one of China's most important cities.

With a total population of 8.16 million

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