Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic

What is Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic known for?


unique collection

: Destruction of Armenian Khatchkars in Old Jougha (Nakhichevan) In April 2006 British ''The Times'' wrote about the destruction of the cemetery in the following way: A Medieval cemetery regarded as one of the wonders of the Caucasus has been erased from the Earth in an act of cultural vandalism likened to the Taleban blowing up the Bamiyan Buddhas in Afghanistan in 2001. The Jugha cemetery was a unique collection of several thousand carved stone crosses on Azerbaijan’s


open military

of Congress Nakhchivan became a scene of conflict during the Nagorno-Karabakh War. On May 4, 1992, Armenian forces shelled the raion of Sadarak (Sadarak Rayon). Contested Borders in the Caucasus: Chapter VII: Iran's Role as Mediator in the Nagorno-Karabakh Crisis by Abdollah Ramezanzadeh Russia Plans Leaner, More Open Military


centuries year

- 1831 13,342 3 sup>


quot victory'

. This was fulfilled when Nariman Narimanov, leader of Bolshevik Azerbaijan issued a declaration celebrating the "victory of Soviet power in Armenia," proclaimed that both Nakhchivan and Zangezur should be awarded to the Armenian people as a sign of the Azerbaijani people's support for Armenia's fight against the former DRA government: De Waal. ''Black Garden'', p. 129.


ties quot

Kingdom British occupation at the close of the First World War (World War I). In July 1920, the Soviet Union occupied the region and on July 28, declared the Nakhchivan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic with "close ties" to the Azerbaijan SSR, beginning seventy years of Soviet rule. In January 1990 Nakhchivan declared independence from the USSR to protest the suppression of the national movement in Azerbaijan, and became the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic within the newly independent Republic of Azerbaijan a year later. The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is an autonomous area of Azerbaijan, governed by its own elected legislature. The region continues to suffer from the effects of the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan (Armenia-Azerbaijan War), and its Karki (Karki, Azerbaijan) exclave has been under Armenian occupation ever since. The administrative capital is the city of Nakhchivan (Nakhchivan (city)). Vasif Talibov has been the leader of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic since 1995. Hans-Joachim Hoppe: Nachitschewan – Vorposten Aserbaidschans (Nakhchivan – outpost of Azerbaijan), in "Eurasisches Magazin" (in German), August 2, 2011 Etymology Variations of the name Nakhchivan include '''Nakhichevan''', ''Encyclopædia Britannica'': Nakhichevan '''Naxcivan''', "'' Merriam-Webster Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary '', 11th ed. 2003. (ISBN 0-87779-809-5) New York: Merriam-Webster, Inc. '''Naxçivan''', ''Encyclopædia Britannica'': Nakhichevan '''Nachidsheuan''', Flavius Josephus and the Flood of Noah '''Nakhijevan''', Plant Genetic Resources in Central Asia and Caucasus: History of Armenia '''Nakhchawan''', — ایروان جانلیغی) also known as '''Čoḵūr Saʿd''' Hewsen, Robert H (Robert H. Hewsen). and George Bournoutian. "Erevan." Encyclopedia Iranica. Accessed January 3, 2009. , was an administrative territory that was established Safavid Persia in the early 17th century. It covered an area of roughly 7,500 square miles, and corresponded to most of present-day central Armenia, most of the Iğdır Province of present-day Turkey, and the Sharur and Sadarak rayons of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of present-day Azerbaijan.


taking service

;ref name "GreatSoviet" of an uprising against the Arabs led by Persian M. Whittow, ''"The Making of Byzantium: 600-1025"'', pp. 195, 203, 215: Excerpts:'' Iranian Azerbaijan was the scene of frequent anti-Califhate and anti-Arab revolts during the 8th and 9th centuries, and Byzantine sources talk of Persian warriors seeking refuge in the 830s from the caliph's armies by taking service under the Byzantine emperor Theophilos. ... Azerbaijan had a Persian population and was a traditional centre of the Zoroastrian religion. ... The Khurramites were a ... Persian sect, influenced by Shiite doctrines, but with their roots in a pre-Islamic Persian religious movement.'' Armenian historian Vardan Areveltsi, c. 1198 – 1271 notes: In these days, a man of the PERSIAN race, named Bab, who — ایروان جانلیغی) also known as '''Čoḵūr Saʿd''' Hewsen, Robert H (Robert H. Hewsen). and George Bournoutian. "Erevan." Encyclopedia Iranica. Accessed January 3, 2009. , was an administrative territory that was established Safavid Persia in the early 17th century. It covered an area of roughly 7,500 square miles, and corresponded to most of present-day central Armenia, most of the Iğdır Province of present-day Turkey, and the Sharur and Sadarak rayons of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of present-day Azerbaijan.


military role

widely interpreted as a warning to Armenia. Azerbaijan: A Country Study: Efforts to Resolve the Nagorno-Karabakh Crisis, 1993, The Library of Congress However, Armenia did not launch any further attacks on Nakhchivan and the presence of Russia's military warded off any possibility that Turkey might play a military role in the conflict. After a period of political instability, the Parliament of Azerbaijan turned to Heydar Aliyev and invited him to return from exile in Nakhchivan to lead the country in 1993. Today, Nakhchivan retains its autonomy as the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic and is internationally recognized as a constituent part of Azerbaijan governed by its own elected legislative assembly (Supreme Assembly of Nakhchivan). Richard Plunkett and Tom Masters. ''Lonely Planet: Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan'', p. 243. ISBN 1-74059-138-0 A new constitution for Nakhchivan was approved in a referendum on November 12, 1995. The constitution was adopted by the republic's assembly on April 28, 1998 and has been in force since January 8, 1999. State Structure of Nakhchivan However, the republic remains isolated, not only from the rest of Azerbaijan, but practically from the entire South Caucasus region. Vasif Talibov, who is related by marriage to Azerbaijan's ruling family, the Aliyevs, serves as the current parliamentary chairman of the republic. — ایروان جانلیغی) also known as '''Čoḵūr Saʿd''' Hewsen, Robert H (Robert H. Hewsen). and George Bournoutian. "Erevan." Encyclopedia Iranica. Accessed January 3, 2009. , was an administrative territory that was established Safavid Persia in the early 17th century. It covered an area of roughly 7,500 square miles, and corresponded to most of present-day central Armenia, most of the Iğdır Province of present-day Turkey, and the Sharur and Sadarak rayons of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of present-day Azerbaijan.


wrestling world

. * Abdurrakhman en-Neshevi, medieval literary figure. * Mammed Said Ordubadi, writer. * Heyran Khanum, late medieval poet. * Elşen Hudiyev, contemporary poet and writer. * Mammad Araz, poet. Others * Bahruz Kangarli, Azerbaijani painter. * Haji Aliyev, Wrestling, World and European champion. * Vladimir Makogonov, chess International Master and Grandmaster (Grandmaster (chess)). * Ajami Nakhchivani, architect and founder of the Nakhchivan school


quot victory

. This was fulfilled when Nariman Narimanov, leader of Bolshevik Azerbaijan issued a declaration celebrating the "victory of Soviet power in Armenia," proclaimed that both Nakhchivan and Zangezur should be awarded to the Armenian people as a sign of the Azerbaijani people's support for Armenia's fight against the former DRA government: De Waal. ''Black Garden'', p. 129.


conducting military

where war between the two seemed inevitable. Turkey Orders Armenians to Leave Azerbaijan, Moves Troops to the Border. The Salt Lake Tribune. September 4, 1993. pg. A1. The tension reached its peak, when Turkish heavy artillery shelled Nakhchivan side of Nakhchivan-Armenian border, from Turkish border for 2 hours. Iran also reacted to Armenia's attacks by conducting military maneuvers along its border with Nakhchivan in a move

Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic

The '''Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic''' ( ) is a landlocked (landlocked country) exclave (Enclave and exclave) of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The region covers 5,500  km 2 with a population of 410,000, bordering Armenia (length of frontier 221 km) to the east and north, Iran (179 km) to the south and west, and Turkey (only 15 km) to the northwest.

The area that is now Nakhchivan became part of the Safavid dynasty of Persia in the 16th century. In 1828, after the last Russo-Persian War and the Treaty of Turkmenchay, the Nakhchivan Khanate passed into Imperial Russian (Russian Empire) possession. After the 1917 February Revolution, Nakhchivan and its surrounding region were under the authority of the Special Transcaucasian Committee of the Russian Provisional Government and subsequently of the short-lived Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic. When the TDFR was dissolved in May 1918, Nakhchivan, Nagorno-Karabakh, Zangezur (today the Armenian province of Syunik (Syunik Province)), and Qazakh were heavily contested between the newly formed and short-lived states of the Democratic Republic of Armenia (DRA) and the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (ADR). In June 1918, the region came under Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) occupation. Under the terms of the Armistice of Mudros, the Ottomans agreed to pull their troops out of the Transcaucasus to make way for British (United Kingdom) occupation at the close of the First World War (World War I). In July 1920, the Soviet Union occupied the region and on July 28, declared the Nakhchivan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic with "close ties" to the Azerbaijan SSR, beginning seventy years of Soviet rule. In January 1990 Nakhchivan declared independence from the USSR to protest the suppression of the national movement in Azerbaijan, and became the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic within the newly independent Republic of Azerbaijan a year later.

The Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic is an autonomous area of Azerbaijan, governed by its own elected legislature. The region continues to suffer from the effects of the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan (Armenia-Azerbaijan War), and its Karki (Karki, Azerbaijan) exclave has been under Armenian occupation ever since. The administrative capital is the city of Nakhchivan (Nakhchivan (city)). Vasif Talibov has been the leader of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic since 1995. Hans-Joachim Hoppe: Nachitschewan – Vorposten Aserbaidschans (Nakhchivan – outpost of Azerbaijan), in "Eurasisches Magazin" (in German), August 2, 2011

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