Najaf

What is Najaf known for?


numerous writings

Bbc.co.uk date 1989-06-04 accessdate 2010-03-19 He taught political philosophy, Islamic history and ethics. Several of his students (e.g. Morteza Motahhari (Morteza Motahari)) later became leading Islamic philosophers and also ''marja.'' As a scholar and teacher, Khomeini produced numerous writings on Islamic philosophy, law, and ethics.


quot huge

throughout its reign. *A RAF (Royal Air Force) Panavia Tornado is brought down by "friendly fire" by a US Patriot missile (MIM-104 Patriot) battery. *Coalition forces took control of a large complex of buildings in An Najaf Province near the city of Najaf. Some news sources proclaimed that this was a "huge chemical weapons plant" but The Pentagon Pentagon officials called such announcements "


foul play

, died in 1977 while in exile in Najaf, Iraq with his father and was rumored by supporters of his father to have been murdered by SAVAK. Moin, ''Khomeini'', (2001), 184–5 Ahmad Khomeini, who died in 1995 at the age of 49, was also rumoured to be a victim of foul play, but at the hands of Islamic regime. wikipedia:Najaf


religious history

the Iraqi regime’s Medina, Baghdad, and Nebuchadnezzar Armored Divisions, military airfields, facilities and command and control infrastructure. VFA-25 returned to the United States in May 2003. - Najaf align center NJF align center ORNI Al Najaf International Airport - The domination of the Sunni creed during the first nine Islamic centuries characterizes the religious history of Iran during this period. There were however some exceptions to this general domination which


quot speaking'

. - Early life Born in Khānīābād (southern Tehran), Safavi studied in Najaf, Iraq and worked in Abadan's petroleum installations in the province of Khuzestan for a while. He is said to have been known for his striking looks and his "mesmerizing" speaking ability. Taheri, ''The Spirit of Allah'', (1985), p.98 Life Born into a Persian (Persian peoples) family in Dashti in Bushehr Province, Iran in 1896. Ali Dashti received


written works

written works and lectures. In 2003 (2003 in Iraq), Petraeus, then a Major General, saw combat for the first time when he commanded the 101st Airborne Division during V Corps's (V Corps (United States)) drive to Baghdad. In a campaign chronicled in detail by Pulitzer Prize-winning author Rick Atkinson of ''The Washington Post'' in the book ''In the Company of Soldiers'', Petraeus led his division through fierce fighting south of Baghdad, in Karbala, Al Hillah


history shows

of the city and here the body was secretly buried. No tomb was raised and nobody knew of the burial place except for a few trusted people. History shows us that Najaf is indeed an ancient city that has its beginning stretching far before the birth of Islam. Archaeological discoveries show the existence of a populace dating back to the times of Christ Jesus. Najaf possesses one of the largest burial grounds in the vicinity for Christians. The centuries following have proven this to be an also a city that possessed a multicultural and religious people. Below is a qoute taken from the Iraq Center for Investigative Journalism, "Mohammed al-Mayali Director of Inspectorate Effects of the province of Najaf said , "The excavations which we have had for years and we still, on the graves confirm that the Najaf contains the largest Christian cemetery in Iraq, cemetery area of 1416 acres called (or Khashm), and the cemetery has a large extension of the province of Najaf " Mayali adds, "We have found indications found on the graves of Christianity represented by sign of the cross, as we found on a piece of stone written on them (Abdul Christ), a known pre-Christian character of Islam, in the city of confusion and found the relics At Alvrchih dating back to the Sassanid period and the period of pre-Islam Mayali assured that "The graves discovered in the site or Khashm are five types: first, the graves covered with a tractor pottery as the number differs from the tomb to another and the lowest number is 6 jars (where six dead), The second type is covered by the type of stone, and the third type of graves covered with And about the archaeological finds said Mayali "was discovered glass bottles used to store perfume and different kinds in terms of manufacture, wherein rare species and some cups, as it is known puzzling glass industry in that period, is unique to this industry, and different archaeological finds in the graves of the dead to another, according to Antiquities discovered in the tomb indicate that the deceased is a man or woman, through the ornaments and types, and most of the discoveries are glass bottles, necklaces of beads of agate and pottery jars small and big, and seals the fee animal, and pots by the writings of old. And that most of the pots by the sign of the cross, and this evidence of their conversion to Christianity and some of the discoveries by the Jewish writings, even after the Islamic period, there remained areas of Christian and Jewish areas, and this indicates the religious coexistence, which leads us to the attention of archaeologists Western site Mayali disclosed that "The graves discovered in the Sea of Najaf and Manathira similar and are the shops or appointed as Asmahunha Shaya _ _ Sea of Najaf in a low area and the oldest dating back to the Sassanid period, i.e., to nearly 2000 years." (http: www.ijrda.net 2012 11 najaf-home-to-largest-cemetery-of.html) It is narrated that more than a hundred years later the Abbasid Caliph, Harun al-Rashid, went deer hunting outside Kufa and the deer sought sanctuary at a place where the hounds would not pursue it. On inquiry as to why the place was a sanctuary Harūn ar-Rashīd was told that it was the burial place of Ali. Harūn ar-Rashīd ordered a mausoleum to be built on the spot and in due course the town of Najaf grew around the mausoleum. Under the rule of the Ottoman Empire Najaf experienced severe difficulties as the result of repeated raids by Arab desert tribes and the Persian army and acute water shortages caused by the lack of a reliable water supply. The number of inhabited houses in the city had plummeted from 3,000 to just 30 by the start of the 16th century. When the Portuguese traveller Pedro Texeira passed through Najaf in 1604, he found the city in ruins, inhabited by little more than 500 people. wikipedia:Najaf


religious family

, who founded the Dawa (Islamic Dawa Party) movement in Najaf, Iraq during the early 1960s.


quot speaking

. - Early life Born in Khānīābād (southern Tehran), Safavi studied in Najaf, Iraq and worked in Abadan's petroleum installations in the province of Khuzestan for a while. He is said to have been known for his striking looks and his "mesmerizing" speaking ability. Taheri, ''The Spirit of Allah'', (1985), p.98 Life Born into a Persian (Persian peoples) family in Dashti in Bushehr Province, Iran in 1896. Ali Dashti received


traditional religious

a traditional religious education. He studied Islamic theology, history, Arabic and Persian (Persian language) grammar, and classical literature in madrasas in Karbala and Najaf (both in Iraq). He returned to Iran in 1918 and lived in Shiraz (Shiraz, Iran), Isfahan (Isfahan (city)), and finally in Tehran, where he became involved in politics of the day. Quran Some Shias consider this verse to refer to Shia sacred sites of Najaf

Najaf

'''Najaf''' ( ; BGN (United States Board on Geographic Names): ''An Najaf'') is a city in Iraq about 160 km (roughly 100 miles) south of Baghdad. Its estimated population in 2008 is 560,000 people. It is the capital of Najaf Governorate. It is widely considered the third holiest city of Shi'a Islam and the center of Shia political power in Iraq. The city is home to the Imam Ali Shrine, and hosts millions of pilgrims yearly.

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