a traditional religious education. He studied Islamic theology, history, Arabic and Persian (Persian language) grammar, and classical literature in madrasas in Karbala and Najaf (both in Iraq). He returned to Iran in 1918 and lived in Shiraz (Shiraz, Iran), Isfahan (Isfahan (city)), and finally in Tehran, where he became involved in politics of the day. Quran Some Shias consider this verse to refer to Shia sacred sites of Najaf
, who founded the Dawa (Islamic Dawa Party) movement in Najaf, Iraq during the early 1960s.
Infobase Publishing isbn 978-0-8160-5767-2 page 140 It contains the tombs of several prophets and many of the devout from around the world aspire to be buried there, to be raised from the dead with Imām Alī on Judgement Day (Last Judgement). Over the centuries, numerous hospices, schools, libraries and Sufi convents were built around the shrine to make the city the center of Shīʻa learning and theology. The Najaf seminary is one of the most important teaching centres in the Islamic world. Ayatollah Khomeini (Ruhollah Khomeini) lectured there from 1964 to 1978. wikipedia:Najaf
; It is the capital of Najaf Governorate. It is widely considered the third holiest city of Shi'a Islam and the center of Shia political power in Iraq. The city is home to the Imam Ali Shrine, and hosts millions of pilgrims yearly. Religious significance Najaf is considered sacred by both Shi'a and Sunni Muslims. Najaf is renowned as the site of the tomb of Alī ibn Abī Tālib (Ali) also known as "Imām Alī"the First Imam of the Shiites, the cousin and son-in-law
in important Shia shrine , ''The Boston Globe (Boston Globe)'', April 2, 2003. "For the world's nearly 120 million Muslim Shiites, Najaf is the third holiest city behind Mecca and Medina in Saudi Arabia." ''Religious rivalries and political overtones in Iraq'' CNN.com, April 23, 2003 "Miscellaneous
a city that possessed a multicultural and religious people. Below is a qoute taken from the Iraq Center for Investigative Journalism, "Mohammed al-Mayali Director of Inspectorate Effects of the province of Najaf said , "The excavations which we have had for years and we still, on the graves confirm that the Najaf contains the largest Christian cemetery in Iraq, cemetery area of 1416 acres called (or Khashm), and the cemetery has a large extension of the province of Najaf " Mayali adds
- and finished his master degree in the same subject. The title of his thesis is “Custody Rules in Sharia and Law” which was published as a book later. He then left Iraq and went to Egypt to pursue his doctorate education. He received his PhD in economics in 1978 and his dissertation discusses the Islamic view of exploitation of labor. As Najaf is famous with Shiite Islamic religious schools and Arabic literature, Al-Waeli studied under prominent religious figures. He learned
are creating now is an Iraq of anarchy and chaos. And as long as we stay there, the chaos will get worse." Early life Mírzá Abu'l-Fadl was born in a village near Gulpaygan, Iran, sometime in the months of June or July 1844. His family were prominent religious scholars in the village; his father, Mirza Muhammad Rida Shari`atmadar, was a religious leader, and his mother, Sharafu'n-Nisa, was related to the prayer leader (Imams#Prayer leader) of the town. Abu'l-Fadl completed his preliminary education in Gulpaygan, and then successively went to Arak (Arak, Iran), Karbala and Najaf to continue his education. In 1868 he left to Isfahan (Isfahan (city)) to study Islamic sciences at one of the religious colleges in the city; he was given a room by one of the prayer leaders, Imam-Jum`ih, Sayyid Muhammad Sultanu'l-`Ulama, who was a friend of his father's. Abu'l-Fadl remained at the college for three years, becoming well versed in several branches of knowledge. Abu'l-Fadl's father died in the winter of 1871, and after his death, Abu'l-Fadl's brothers schemed against him and took all their father's inheritance. When the Kingdom of Iraq was formed in 1921 by the British (British Mandate of Mesopotamia), the Persian government refused to recognize the state, claiming Najaf and Karbala as "holy places of Persia". wikipedia:Najaf
and Kufa in Iraq (Mesopotamia) in the Middle East. There is uncertainty whether the places mentioned in this verse correspond to modern places of the same name. For example, the Hebrew word for the Tigris has been suggested to be Hiddekel, but the locations of the Pishon and Gihon are generally unknown.
are important elements of religious devotion. Portraits of Ali — with veiled and unveiled face alike — can be bought in Iran around shrines and in the streets, to be hung in homes or carried with oneself, while in Pakistan, India and Bangladesh they notoriously ornate trucks, Saudi Aramco World : Masterpieces to Go: The Trucks of Pakistan buses and rickshaws. http
, died in 1977 while in exile in Najaf, Iraq with his father and was rumored by supporters of his father to have been murdered by SAVAK. Moin, ''Khomeini'', (2001), 184–5 Ahmad Khomeini, who died in 1995 at the age of 49, was also rumoured to be a victim of foul play, but at the hands of Islamic regime. wikipedia:Najaf
the Iraqi regime’s Medina, Baghdad, and Nebuchadnezzar Armored Divisions, military airfields, facilities and command and control infrastructure. VFA-25 returned to the United States in May 2003. - Najaf align center NJF align center ORNI Al Najaf International Airport - The domination of the Sunni creed during the first nine Islamic centuries characterizes the religious history of Iran during this period. There were however some exceptions to this general domination which
! '' ShiaNews.com the Imam Ali Mosque is considered by Shiites as the third holiest Islamic site. ''Iran Diary, Part 2: Knocking on heaven's door'' Asia Times Online Muslim Shiites Saint Imam Ali Holy Shrine - 16 Images Cultural Heritage Photo Agency '' http
'''Najaf''' ( ; BGN (United States Board on Geographic Names): ''An Najaf'') is a city in Iraq about 160 km (roughly 100 miles) south of Baghdad. Its estimated population in 2008 is 560,000 people. It is the capital of Najaf Governorate. It is widely considered the third holiest city of Shi'a Islam and the center of Shia political power in Iraq. The city is home to the Imam Ali Shrine, and hosts millions of pilgrims yearly.