director of Teatro Avenida in Maputo, the capital of Mozambique. He now spends at least half the year in Maputo working with the theatre and writing. Recently he built up his own publishing house (Leopard Förlag) in order to support young talents from Africa and Sweden. * Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Somalia (which includes ''Somaliland'' Somaliland is not included in the United Nations geoscheme, as it is internationally
. The presidential elections in the Southern African nation Mozambique (w:Mozambique) have resulted in a landslide victory for the ruling Frelimo party (w:Mozambican Liberation Front). The party's candidate, Armando Guebuza (w:Armando Guebuza), was elected to the presidential post for the five-year term starting in 2005 with 63.7% of the vote. The countries to receive debt cancellation from the IMF, WB and the African Development Fund are Benin (w:Benin), Bolivia (w:Bolivia), w:Burkina Faso
the Portuguese real. So far, the CNIS appears to have concentrated its international outreach within the continent of Africa. They have implemented surgical skills training courses in Addis Ababa, Jimma, Gondor, Mekele, and Hawassa in Ethiopia; Blantyre and Lilongwe in Malawi; Bamako, Mali; Maputo in Mozambique; Butare in Rwanda; Dar es Salaam and Moshi in Tanzania; and Mbarara and Gulu in Uganda. The CNIS has begun obstetrical skills training programs in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Kampala, Uganda. They initiated injury control center work in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania and Kampala, Uganda. Derick Odembo of Kenya and Mozambique agreed that it was still difficult to migrate. Dwayne from South Africa claimed his grandmother had learnt to use Firefox (the web browser) and she was a hundred years old! *February 20–24: CONCACAF Gold Cup 2005 Caribbean Preliminary Competition – Winners: Cuba (Cuba national football team), Jamaica (Jamaica national football team) and Trinidad and Tobago (Trinidad and Tobago national football team) (Participating Countries: Barbados (Barbados national football team), Cuba (Cuba national football team), Jamaica (Jamaica national football team) and Trinidad and Tobago (Trinidad and Tobago national football team)) *February 26 – August 14: Cosafa Castle Cup 2005 (Participating Countries: Group A: South Africa, Mauritius, Madagascar and Seychelles Group B: Botswana, Namibia, Mozambique and Zimbabwe Group C: Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zambia) *March 5–13: East Asian Football Championships 2005 Preliminary Competition – Winner: North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea) (Participating Countries: North Korea (Democratic People's Republic of Korea), Hong Kong (Hong Kong, China), Chinese Taipei, Mongolia and Guam) * A roof at a marketplace in Moscow collapses under heavy snow at approximately
, Iran, Libya, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Ethiopia, Iraq and Yemen. large number of international students are from Pakistan & Sudan , local and international, study under convertible loans or scholarships from the Education Sponsorship Unit of Petronas itself. Background Swahili is a language spoken in Kenya
in the charity's inaugural live stage show, both as a stand-up and portraying a willing 'victim' in his partner Pamela Stephenson's act of sawing a man in half to create two dwarves (dwarfism). In the South African, Namibian, Zambian, Botswana and Zimbabwean context, the term '''Coloured''' (also known as '''''Bruinmense''''', '''''Kleurlinge''''' or '''''Bruin Afrikaners''''' in Afrikaans) refers to an heterogeneous ethnic group who
acts as a gateway for both the central interior portion of the country as well as the land-locked nations of Zimbabwe, Zambia and Malawi. Beira was originally developed by the Portuguese Mozambique Company in the 19th century, and directly developed by the Portuguese colonial government from 1947 until Mozambique gained its independence from Portugal in 1975. * '''RTP Internacional''' or RTPi is the international television service. In Macau and East Timor, it is retransmitted locally, together with local programming c ; * '''RTP África''', another international television service directed towards the African communities. In Angola, Mozambique, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau and São Tomé e Príncipe it is retransmitted locally, together with local programming b d ; * '''RTP Açores''', a regional opt-out channel broadcast in the Azores Islands; He was assistant to Johannes Peter Müller and later curator of the Berlin Zoological Museum. In September 1842 he travelled to Mozambique via Angola. He returned to Berlin with an enormous collection of natural history specimens. He wrote ''Naturwissenschaftliche Reise nach Mossambique... in den Jahren 1842 bis 1848 ausgeführt'' (1852-82). He replaced Martin Lichtenstein as curator of the museum in 1858, and in the same year he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. In a few years time he greatly increased the Berlin Museum's herpetological (herpetology) collection to a size comparable to those of Paris and London. Adler, Kraig. 1989. ''Contributions to the History of Herpetology''. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. 202 pp. * 1985 Afghanistan. On 4 September 1985, a Bakhtar Afghan Airlines An-26 was shot down by a SAM (Surface-to-air missile) near Kandahar, killing all 52 people on board. * 1986 Mozambique. On 30 March 1986, a Mozambique Air Force (Military of Mozambque) An-26 crashed while trying to land at Pemba Airport (Pemba Airport (Mozambique)). All 3 crew and 41 of the 46 passengers were killed. * 1988 Angola. On 27 April 1988, a Cuban Air Force An-26 was accidentally shot down by Cuban troops stationed at Techamutete, killing all 29 people on board. coords region_served Angola, Ascension Island, Botswana, Comoro Islands, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Réunion, São Tomé and Príncipe, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe, as well as St. Helena and Tristan da Cunha, which are both territories of the United Kingdom, along with the Kerguelen Islands, which is a territory of France. membership The '''Southern Africa-Indian Ocean Division of Seventh-day Adventists''' ('''SID''') is a sub-entity General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists. Its headquarters are in Irene, Pretoria, the executive capital of South Africa. It covers the area of the nations of Angola, Ascension Island, Botswana, Comoro Islands, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Réunion, São Tomé and Príncipe, Seychelles, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia, Zimbabwe, as well as St. Helena and Tristan da Cunha, which are both territories of the United Kingdom, along with the Kerguelen Islands, which is a territory of France. :''"National liberation movement" redirects here. For specific groups known by that name, see National Liberation Movement.'' thumb right 250px Flag of Mozambique (Image:Flag of Mozambique.svg); independent from Portugal since 1975, after the Carnation Revolution in Lisbon, with the Kalashnikov (AK-47) as symbol of the armed struggle against the Portuguese empire, the book as symbol of instruction (Education) and a farm instrument as symbol of economic growth ** The Algerian war of independence against France (1954–1962). ** In Angola (MPLA, FNLA, UNITA), Mozambique (FRELIMO), Guinea-Bissau (PAIGC, FLING), and Cape Verde (PAIGC) against Portugal ** In Cameroon, by the UPC (Union of the Peoples of Cameroon) against France In 2007 a documentary ''Ingrid Jonker, her Lives and Time'' by Mozambique-born South African film and documentary maker Helena Nogueira was released in South Africa. Hailed as the definitive work on Jonker this is the first literary documentary (Documentary film) to ever get theatrical release in South Africa. http: www.ingridjonker.com Mozambique Channel Zambia (41.6%), Angola (18.4%), Zimbabwe (15.6%), Mozambique (11.8%), Malawi (8.0%), Tanzania (2.0%), Namibia, Botswana - Indian Ocean Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Botswana - Zambezi Mozambique, Malawi - He was originally a lieutenant of Shaka, but in 1823 he had a quarrel with him and rebelled. Rather than face ritual execution, he fled northwards with his tribe. He first travelled to Mozambique but in 1826 he moved west into the Transvaal (South African Republic) due to continued attacks by his enemies. As he conquered the Transvaal he absorbed many members of other tribes and established a military despotism, such as Mzilikazi's attacks in the Nzunza kraal at Esikhunjini, where the Nzunza king Magodongo and others were kidnapped and subsequently killed at Mkobola river. For the next ten years, Mzilikazi dominated the Transvaal. This period, known locally as the Mfecane (crushing) was characterised by devastation and murder on a grand scale as Mzilikazi removed all opposition and remodelled the territory to suit the new Ndebele order. He used the method of scorched earth to keep distance to all surrounding kingdoms. The death toll has never been satisfactorily determined but the region was so depopulated that the Trekboers were able to occupy and take ownership of all the best land in the 1830s due to the low population of the area. Path Of Blood; Peter Becker,2nd edition, Penguin Books 1979 Mhudi; Sol Plaatje, Lovedale Press, Johannesburg 1930 It is native to Botswana, Burundi, Congo (DR Congo), Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe; and is possibly extinct in Burundi and Angola.
buses ply the same routes as Chapas but typically stop a great deal more often so are inadvisable for anything other than short journeys. The chapas themselves, particularly on shorter routes, are generally in shockingly poor condition. Expect seats, doors and interiors falling apart. Having said that since 2007 2008 the Mozambican government has been regulating prices on key routes which means chapa travel in Mozambique is extremely good value. In larger cities this translates to signs with destinations and prices in chapa stations (EG - Junta in Maputo), these prices will not come down no matter how hard you negotiate but many an enterprising chapa conductor navigator bouncer will try to extort you if you are silly enough to ask what a price is. If in doubt ask at your hotel, a local or as a last resort simply hand them a large note; often they will assume you know the correct fare and give you the correct change. Since about the beginning of 2011, there are now government registered chapas and unregistered chapas. While both are unsafe and are in many accidents each year, always take the government chapas. These can be recognized by being the large buses. These buses are newer and thus slightly safer. They cost slightly more (at the time this was written they were 10 mets a journey, and unregistered were 5). Unregsitered chapas though are extremely dangerous and overcrowded and should never be used if you can help it. Taxis Once only found in Maputo taxis can now be found in many cities throughout the country. They never have meters so you must negotiate regarding cost before your journey. Taxis are often in as perilous condition as chapas (from balding tires to someone sitting in the passenger seat holding a plastic gas can with the cars fuel line going in to it) and breakdowns should be considered likely. Never pay for your journey until you reach your destination. If you are female, never take a taxi alone, especially not one found on the side of the road. If you must, ask around for the number of a trusted taxi driver who will come pick you up and can usually be there in under half an hour depending on how far away they are. Always add ten minutes or more to how long they say they will take to collect you though. In Maputo there is a flat rate of 200Mts for any journey in the city center. Longer journeys (EG to Junta) cost 400Mts and up. In the early morning they will often attempt to gouge you, doubling the price to 400Mts, as there are often very few taxi's about at this time. Chapas can also be rented as taxis but are typically more expensive and far less comfortable. Air Domestic '''flights''' are the fastest and most sane way to get around the country if you can afford it. Linhas Aereas de Moçambique flies between the major cities. A detailed timetable for domestic flights is available as a pdf file at The flights themselves are actually on extremely modern, clean and well maintained planes and are a stark contrast to the other transport options in the country. LAM operate an old style booking system where you can reserve a flight over the telephone and then pay for it on check in. If you do use this facility ensure that you confirm your flight 72 hours before departure or your reservation will likely be canceled. Alternatively all LAM offices in towns and airports can book and receive payment for flights throughout the country. It is not advisable to pay using credit card due to the level of corruption present in all state enterprises including LAM. Rail '''Trains''' aren't really very useful, considering there's only one and it's in the far north of the country traveling from Nampula to Cuamba near the Malawian border. See ''get in'' above for more details. Mine clearance from the old coastal railway running the length of the country has been finished in many areas but with the costs involved and the level of corruption in the country it will be decades before any rail service with reasonable coverage arrives in the country. Talk The official language of Mozambique is Portuguese (Portuguese phrasebook), though many people speak English in the capital Maputo and in touristy areas. The further north you travel the less likely you are to encounter English speakers, and as you enter more rural areas even Portuguese is limited. Swahili (Swahili phrasebook) is useful in the far north of the country as you get close to Tanzania, especially along the coast, and Nyanja (Nyanja phrasebook) is spoken near the border with Malawi and Zambia. Some native words from the Shona language can be useful if you are traveling near Cabora Bassa. See thumbnail The São Sebastião fort on Ilha de Mozambique (File:Fortaleza de São Sebastião-01.jpg) * Ilha de Mozambique, i.e. Mozambique Island is the only UNESCO World Heritage Site in Mozambique. The island boasts colonial architecture including probably the oldest European building in the Southern Hemisphere and beaches. * The historic town of Inhambane. * Sites from the civil war all over the country and the Museum of Revolution in Maputo to learn more about recent events in the country's history * Wildlife and nature in Gorongosa National Park. Do * '''Dive''', see Diving in Mozambique for details. * '''Tours and Safaris''', a number of tour operators can help you reach Mozambique's highlights. The most reputable as per guide books Lonely Planet and Bradt are Mozaic Travel and Dana Tours in the south, and Kaskazini in the north. Buy The currency of Mozambique is the '''new Metical''' (''Meticais Nova Família'', '''MZN'''), plural ''meticais'' (Mts, pronounced 'meta-caysh'), divided into 100 centavos. Three zeroes were dropped from the currency in 2006. Old currency could be exchanged at banks up to the end of December 2012. People will occasionally still refer to the old currency, so if someone asks for "1 million", they generally mean one thousand new meticais. Note that many businesses in the tourist centers are run by South Africa ns and prices are often quoted in Rand (for which the usual abbreviation is ZAR). In this guide prices are also quoted in Rand when applicable. US$, ZAR, British pounds and Euros are freely convertible at commercial rates at any bank or exchange. Other currencies such as Canadian or Australian dollars or Japanese Yen, are not accepted anywhere, even at official banks and exchanges. There is very little black market currency exchange, since the commercial exchanges offer the best market rate. You cannot exchange meticais outside Mozambique, but you can convert them back at exchanges prior to leaving the country. Also you cannot buy meticais outside Moçambique. ATMs are present throughout the country; Standard, Millennium Bim, BCI, ProCredit and Barclays are the brands you are most likely to run in to. Standard accepts Visa & MasterCard, Millennium accepts all international cards including Maestro Cirrus cards while Barclays doesn't seem to accept any cards with great regularity. ATMs have transaction limits on withdrawals, which vary with the bank. Millennium Bim limits withdrawals to 3,000 Mts, BCI to 5,000 and Standard Bank to 10,000; you can always insert your card again to withdraw more money. Everything in Mozambique that does not have a price attached can be bargained down to whatever you consider a reasonable price to be. Remember that while laughing when they give you an insane price is perfectly OK you should not get outwardly angry or hostile, you will be unlikely to get a reasonable price if you do. If in doubt about what a fair price is ask your hotel. No one in Mozambique, including often backpacker lodges, have change. The 1000Mzn and 500Mzn are almost impossible to use day to day, so change them down in to more manageable notes in any bank. The one exception to this rule is chapa drivers, if you find yourself running low on small bills pay for your 15Mzn fare with a 100Mzn note. Eat As a country the Portuguese (Portugal) occupation has a profound impact on local foods that has produced some of the most unique and interesting cuisine within Southern Africa. Towards the coast a great deal of seafood is used within even the most basic of dishes, however, in land the maize based partridges common throughout Africa becomes staple but with some Portuguese flair. * '''Piri-Piri''', also known as the '''African bird's-eye chili''' this extremely strong chili is common is sauce form throughout the country. * '''Pãozinho ''', also known as '''Portuguese rolls''' or '''Prego(beef) no pãu and bifana (pork) '''. A floury and often semi-sweet bread roll, typically served with meat in the center. * '''Matapa''', a seafood (clam, crab or prawn)stew made with Casave leaves and generally served over rice. This is one of the Mozambique staples. * '''Camarão National''', are Mozambican prawns marinaded in a Piri-Piri, garlic, onion, lemon and vinegar. * '''Cray fish''' and '''other seafood'''. These are caught off the beach throughout the country and will generally be prepared with a piri-piri marinade, served with rice and matapa. * '''Kakana''' This is a bitter tasting local vegetable. Drink All tap water in Mozambique should be assumed to be unsafe to drink, even if it is not harmful it usually has some sediment that your stomach will not be used to. Most western oriented lodgings either provide a fresh water source or sell bottled water. Beer In Mozambique '''Cervejas de Mocambique''' which are owned by '''SABMiller''' have a virtual monopoly on beer brewing. The three most popular brands are 2M (remember to pronounce it doysh-em or you will end up with an extra beer), Laurentina Clara and Manica. Other local African beers such as Castle and Windhoek are reasonably widely available but are not as popular as in neighboring countries due to the high quality of the local brews. Liquors Locally produced spirits such as vodka and gin are relatively common throughout the country and are relatively inexpensive. The local drink is Cashu made of the peel from the cashew nut. According to the locals it's very good for a man's libido. It has a sour taste. Sleep Accommodation ranges from inexpensive guesthouses and backpacker orientated accommodation through to some of the most expensive resort accommodation in the region. Hotels Hotels in Mozambique are generally ungraded and, particularly in the less traveled parts of the country, have not been updated since independence. In some cases you can pay up to $50USD a night for a hotel room that should be in the $5 - $10 range based on facilities. On the other end of the scale Mozambique hosts some of the most incredible, and expensive, hotels and resorts in the world. Backpacker lodges Maputo, Tofo Beach, Vilanculos and Pemba have several backpacker lodges each and are geared up for the budget traveler. There are some backpacker options elsewhere in the country but often the only option for a budget traveler will be transient labor guesthouses or cheap hotels. Self catering In most major tourist areas many self-catering options exist If you do bring your own gas based cooking equipment keep in mind the typical backpacker lindal valve gas canisters are not available anywhere in the country. Camping and caravaning Dedicated camp sites with security are available in almost all coastal towns and you can often camp in rural areas with a village chief's blessing (If you do decide to use this option a small offering such as food, liquor or cigarettes can be very useful). If taking a caravan keep in mind that a great deal of roads in Mozambique degenerate in to sandy paths that require 4WD, it is advisable to only stick to popular areas along the EN1. Purchasing land or property If someone offers to "sell" you land in Mozambique walk away immediately, it is a scam. Private ownership of land in Mozambique is impossible, all land is owned by the government and will only be provided for foreign use, under a 99 year lease, under very specific circumstances. Learn * '''Universidade Eduardo Mondlane''', is the oldest and largest university in the country. Work * You may be able to find work '''teaching''' at a school such as The American International School of Mozambique If you're a certified divemaster or instructor you could try helping out at one of the '''dive shops''' in Tofo Beach, Vilanculos or Ponta d'Ouro. Stay safe Risks are much the same as many other countries in Africa (and significantly less than some, including parts of South Africa). Nevertheless muggings, robberies, rape and murder do occur, so the normal precautions should be taken. Women absolutely should never walk alone on beaches, in recent years, attacks on women have grown in tourist areas. In particular it's worth checking with local hostels and other travelers as to where dangerous areas are. But in general the Mozambican people are extremely warm and friendly and you will encounter far less hassle than in almost all of the countries surrounding it. Police In Mozambique the police do not exist to help you, only to try and extort money of you. Do not trust them under any circumstances. Insisting to be taken to a police station is unlikely to improve your situation, with the exception of in Maputo, the police have been known to rob tourists blind and throw them in a cell. Instead mention contacting your embassy or the anti-corruption hot line to verify a fine and always ask for a receipt. If you have cause to go to a police station (''e.g.'', filing a police report for insurance purposes after a theft), do not take any valuables or excessive currency with you and try to '''''always''''' go with someone else. Speed limits In Mozambique the speed limit in town is 60km h (unless contrary road signs) and 100km h elsewhere. There are mobile speed traps on the EN1 which specifically target foreign visitors. Bribery When dealing with the Mozambican police never suggest a bribe, simply listen to whatever lecture they care to give and ask "What can we do about this?". Often they will simply let you go, if they do ask for a bribe the amount is entirely negotiable and can range from a bottle of coke (carrying no identification) through to several hundred USD (minor drug infractions). Identification By law you must carry a form of identification with you at all times and present it to the police on request. As a result you should always carry a notarized copy of your passport photo page, visa and entry stamp with you at all times. Ask your hotel where to locate a notary or contact your local embassy as soon as you enter the country. In Maputo, there is one on Av. Lenine, close to Mimmo's, and another on Av. Armando Tivane (one block west of Av. Nyerere) between Av. Mao Tse-Tung and Av. 24 de Julho. They are not particularly easy to find, ask around. If you are asked for identification by the police and you do not have a notarized copy under no circumstances give them your passport, if you do then it will likely cost you a great deal of money to get it back, often simply talking to them a while will get them to go away. Land mines While most of the country has been cleared there is still an on-going risk in rural areas away from the EN1 in Sofala, Tete, Manica, Gaza, Inhambane and Maputo provinces. It should be noted that only 2 or 3 incidents a year occur with landmines and they are all well outside the tourist trail. Stay healthy * '''Malarial prophylaxis''' is essential in all parts of Mozambique. Chloroquine Paludrine are now as ineffective as in other parts of east Africa, and it's worth going to see your doctor to get decent protection. If you are in country and suspect you have Malaria there are clinics in every town that will administer a test for approximately 50Mts, the treatment also costs 50Mts if you have malaria. * '''Get all your vaccine shots before arriving''' Medical facilities in Mozambique are now generally reasonably stocked, but it is always worth getting a range of vaccinations before you leave. Prevention is better than cure. It is worth considering carrying some clean needles sterile set if you are visiting out of the way areas, purely as remote medical facilities may have problems getting hold of them. * '''Mind what you eat.''' As common in most countries in the world, if you are concerned about the standards of hygiene in a place, don't eat there. * '''Do not have unprotected sex.''' As in many parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, there is a very high HIV incidence, currently at '''12%'''(preliminary data from National HIV Survey, 2010) * '''Do not drink tap water or use any ice.''' South of the Zambezi river that divides the country, Mozambique is much more developed, especially around Maputo, tourist areas such as Inhambane and the industrial city of Beira. Here, especially in built-up areas, it is safe to drink the tap water, hence water in this area is marketed as "mineral water" and not "drinking water" and is sold at an inflated price as a semi-luxury item (sometimes for as much as 50 or 60 Meticais in backpackers lodges and restaurants). The infrastructure in the north of the country is much less developed and, as such, caution must be exercised, especially in rural areas and the area near Palma and bordering Tanzania. The tap water is usually safe to drink in the main cities such as Nampula and Pemba, and on Mozambique Island. If you are ever unsure about the quality of the tap water, water-purifying liquids (normally chlorine-based) are widely available and very cheap, costing around 40 cents for a large bottle - the most popular brand is "Certeza" and it is easy to find. You could also consider bringing puri-tabs if you are planning on going well off the "beaten track". * '''Private clinics.''' There are a few private health clinics in Maputo that will also arrange repatriation in emergencies. Clinica da Sommerschield (tel: 21 493924) Clinica Suedoise (tel: 21 492922). *'''Electric showers'''. In any accommodation, check the shower fitting. A rather dangerous type manufactured in Brazil is popular, which contains an unearthed 4kW electric heater. DO NOT touch the fitting when in use, they have been known to give severe electric shocks. Better still, switch the power off (there should be a nearby circuit breaker) and have a cold shower. Be similarly cautious with any other type of electrical shower heater. Connect Mobile phones '''mCel''' is the state-owned provider, and as of yet the government has only licensed one other company, the South-African owned '''Vodacom Mozambique'''. Apparently a third is arriving shortly. GPRS (data and internet) are available on mCel, with 3G in Maputo and other main cities. The APN for Internet is isp.mcel.mz and for WAP it is wap.mcel.mz with an IP address 10.1.4.35. Vodacom have 3G in many towns and GPRS Edge elsewhere. The APN is internet. Check your phone manual for setting instructions. The mCel service is not entirely reliable, especially outside Maputo. Vodacom is generally very good. While it is OK to buy credit from the hundreds of vendors roaming the streets wearing mCel or Vodacom shirts you should never buy SIM cards starter packs, in many cases they sell them at hugely inflated prices and often they will be from one of the many recalled batches that no longer work. Any mobile phone store can sell you a working starter pack for around 50Mts. Internet Internet is widely available in Maputo, with many internet cafes and all major hotels having internet access. Both mCel and Vodacom have introduced internet to cellphone and USB modems. See above for further information. Outside Maputo internet coverage is sporadic and mostly available in places frequented by tourists. Local Telecommunication de Mozambique (TDM) offices almost always have internet although speed and availability can be problematic. Radio There are many FM stations in Maputo, offering a variety of music and speech. Away from the capital, Radio Mozambique will be heard in many places and BBC World Service have their English Portuguese service in the main cities. There are numerous small community radio stations serving smaller towns villages. A new radio station called LM Radio (Lifetime Music Radio), broadcasts in English on 87.8 FM in Maputo and Matola. The radio station offers a wide range of music from the 60s, 70s and 80s together with a blend of modern day music in the same style and flavor. The radio station also provides regular travel and safety tips for visitors to Mozambique.
language accessdate 2006-05-21 Cuba also has historically good ties with a number of other African countries, including Angola (Angolan-Cuban relations), Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Namibia (Cuban-Namibian relations) and Algeria. * Morocco * Mozambique (updated to 2003) Greenman (User:Greenman) 8 Nov 2003 The '''Comoros archipelago''' consists of four main islands aligned along a northwest-southeast axis at the north end of the Mozambique Channel, between Mozambique and the island of Madagascar. Still widely known by their French names, the islands officially have been called by their Swahili (Swahili language) names by the Comorian government. They are Njazidja (Grande Comore), Mwali (Mohéli), Nzwani (Anjouan), and Mahoré (Mayotte). The islands' distance from each other—Njazidja is some 200 kilometers from Mahoré, forty kilometers from Mwali, and eighty kilometers from Nzwani—along with a lack of good harbor facilities, make transportation and communication difficult. The islands have a total land area of 2,236 square kilometers (including Mahoré), and claim territorial waters of 320 square kilometers. Le Karthala (2316 m) on Grande Comore is an active volcano. From April 17 to 19, 2005, the volcano began spewing ash and gas, forcing as many as 10,000 people to flee. Parties ''193''
-time.com mlc whatis cwalk.shtml title Cakewalks - Early Syncopation publisher Replay.web.archive.org date 2007-04-03 accessdate 2011-05-19 Schuller considers the syncopation of the habanera rhythm to be "an idiomatic corruption, a flattened-out mutation of what was once the true polyrhythmic character of African music". Schuller, Gunther (1968). ''Early Jazz - Its Roots and Musical Development'' (Oxford University Press), p. 15 ISBN 19-500097-8 0-19-504043
the nations of western Europe in terms of public education, political stability, technological progress and economic prosperity. In colonial affairs, Delagoa Bay was confirmed as a Portuguese possession in 1875, whilst Belgian activities in the Congo (1880s) and a British ultimatum denied Portugal a land link between Angola and Mozambique at the peak of the Scramble for Africa. After living in Zambia and other African countries, Mankell was invited to become the artistic
'''Mozambique''' ( ), is a country in Southeast Africa bordered by the Indian Ocean to the east, Tanzania to the north, Malawi and Zambia to the northwest, Zimbabwe to the west, and Swaziland and South Africa to the southwest. It is separated from Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel to the east. The capital and largest city is Maputo (previously called Lourenço Marques (Maputo) before independence).
Between the 1st and 5th centuries AD, Bantu (Bantu languages)-speaking peoples migrated from farther north and west. Swahili, and later also Arab, commercial ports existed along the coasts until the arrival of Europeans. The area was explored by Vasco da Gama in 1498 and colonized by Portugal from 1505. After over four centuries of Portuguese rule, Mozambique gained independence (Mozambican War of Independence) in 1975, becoming the People's Republic of Mozambique shortly thereafter. After only two years of independence, the country descended into an intense and protracted civil war (Mozambican Civil War) lasting from 1977 to 1992. In 1994, Mozambique held its first multiparty elections and has remained a relatively stable presidential republic since.
Mozambique is endowed with rich and extensive natural resources. The country's economy is based largely on agriculture, but industry, mainly food and beverages, chemical manufacturing, aluminium and petroleum production, is growing. The country's tourism sector is also growing. South Africa is Mozambique's main trading partner and source of foreign direct investment. Portugal, Brazil, Spain and Belgium are also among the country's most important economic partners. Since 2001, Mozambique's annual average GDP growth has been among the world's highest. However, the country ranks among the lowest in GDP per capita (List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita), human development (List of countries by Human Development Index), measures of inequality (List of countries by inequality-adjusted HDI), and average life expectancy.
The only official language of Mozambique is Portuguese, which is spoken mostly as a second language by about half of the population. Common native languages include Swahili (Swahili language), Makhuwa (Makhuwa language) and Sena (Sena language). The country's population of around 24 million is composed overwhelmingly of Bantu people (Bantu peoples). The largest religion in Mozambique is Christianity, with significant minorities following Islam and African traditional religions. Mozambique is a member of the African Union, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union, the Non-Aligned Movement and the Southern African Development Community, and an observer at La Francophonie (Organisation internationale de la Francophonie).