Montenegro

What is Montenegro known for?


music theme

Milenković, with Električni Orgazam member Goran Čavajda, Riblja Čorba member Zoran Ilić, and a former Bezobrazno Zeleno member Bojan Vasić, formed the band Babe (Babe (Serbian band)). In 1993 Bajaga i Instruktori released the album ''Muzika na struju'' (''Electric Music''). The song "Marinina tema" ("Marina's Theme") was written for the theatre play ''Život Jovanov'' (''Life of Jovan'') directed by Darko Bajić, and the theme (Theme (music)) "


show great

found in a cave near Xarrë include flint and jasper objects and fossilized animal bones, while those found at Mount Dajt comprise bone and stone tools similar to those of the Aurignacian culture. The Paeolithic finds of Albania show great similarities with objects of the same era found at Crvena Stijena in Montenegro and north-western Greece. During the Bronze Age, several artifacts from tumulus burials have been unearthed in central and southern Albania, showing close connection with sites in southwestern Macedonia (Macedonia (region)) and Lefkada, Greece. Archeologists have come to the conclusion that from the middle of the third millennium BC, these regions were inhabited by Indo-European people who spoke an early form of Greek (Proto-Greek language). A part of them later moved to Mycenae around 1600 BC and founded the Mycenaean civilisation (Mycenaean Greece) there. WikiPedia:Montenegro Dmoz:Regional Europe Montenegro


power ancient

right 250px 1080 AD. The zenith of Dukljan power. Ancient times Pliny (Pliny the Elder), Appian and Ptolemy mentioned the ''Docleatae'' as living in the maritime region, holding the town of ''Doclea'' (old Podgorica). In 9 AD the Romans (Roman Empire) conquered the region. Slavs colonized the area in the 6th century, and had by the 10th century formed a semi-independent principality called Duklja in suzerainty to the Byzantine Empire. Middle Ages


news publications

'') and Montenegro (''Vijesti''), are also in this format. The most recent European newspaper to join this trend is ''De Tijd'' ''L'Echo'', Belgium's main economic news publications (March 13th 2012). Student publication ''The University Observer'' became Ireland's first Berliner-sized paper in September 2009. '''Turbo-folk''' is a musical sub-genre that originated in the Balkans. Having mainstream popularity in Serbia, although closely associated with Serbs Serbian


political skills

in approximately 30 years of peace between the two states until the deposition of Abdul Hamid II. Uğur Özcan, II. Abdülhamid Dönemi Osmanlı-Karadağ Siyasi İlişkileri(Political relations between the Ottoman Empire and Montenegro in the Abdul Hamid II era)Türk Tarih Kurumu, Ankara 2013. ISBN 9789751625274 The political skills of Abdul Hamid and Nicholas I played a major role on the mutually


growing international

'''Serbia and Montenegro''' competed at the '''2004 Summer Olympics''' in Athens, Greece. The nation competed previously as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia at the 2000 Summer Olympics. This was the last appearance of a joint Montenegrin (Montenegro) and Serbian state at the Summer Olympics. - Kotor, Montenegro The old town is car free. 23,481 The old Mediterranean port of Kotor, surrounded by an impressive city wall, is very well preserved and protected by UNESCO. - * other initiatives limited to some states, such as the European Defence Initiative


distinctive physical

reside since immigrating from the Western Balkans. They are particularly concentrated in rural Edirne (Edirne Province) in Turkey and in Eastern Thrace. They generally consider themselves as an ethnic group distinct from other Muhajir (Muhajir (Turkey))s. Gajal folk are reported to be of distinctive physical traits featuring a shorter stature and a darker complexion than other settlers to whom they are local.


century story

language Lithuanian ''vilkolakis'' and Romanian (Romanian language) ''vârcolac''. The term is a compound word derived from вълк (''vâlk'') вук (''vuk''), meaning "wolf" and ''dlaka'', meaning "(strand of) hair" (i.e. having the hair, or fur, of a wolf), and originally meant "werewolf" (it still has that meaning in the modern Slavic languages, and a similar one in Romanian: see ''vârcolac''). It is also noteworthy that in the eighteenth century story ''Vrykolokas'' by Pitton de Tournefort (Joseph Pitton de Tournefort), he refers to the revenant as a "werewolf" (loups-garous) which may have also been translated as ''bug-bears'', a strange word that has nothing to do with bugs nor bears, but is related to the word ''bogey'', which means spook, spirit, hobgoblin, etc. ''Vampires, Burial, and Death-Folklore and Reality'' by Paul Barber (1988) Vali-Ballou Press, Birmingham, NY. p 26. However, the same word (in the form ''vukodlak'') has come to be used in the sense of "vampire" in the folklore of Western Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Montenegro (while the term "vampir" is more common in Eastern Serbia, Former Yugoslavic Republic of Macedonia and in Bulgaria). Apparently, the two concepts have become mixed. Петровић, Сретен. Српска митологиjа Even in Bulgaria, original folklore generally describes the ''vârkolak'' as a sub-species of the vampire without any wolf-like features. Иваничка Димитрова. Българска народна митология. С.1983.стр. 163-164. Compare alsohey the description in Naiden Gerov's Dictionary of the Bulgarian Language ("Речник на блъгарский язик“) (1895–1904) It may also be noted that the Sanskrit word for wolf is vṛ́ka (commonly pronounced as vrika). * Turkey currently not a member of the EU, however uses the blue European strip on the left of the plate as a member of European Customs Union (European Union Customs Union) (only member of the union without EU membership), with the country code (TR), but without the 12-EU stars sign. License plates consist of letters and digits in combinations of 99 AB 999, 99 A 9999, 99 ABC 99, 99 AB 9999 or 99 A 99999 where the first two digits show which province the vehicle is registered from. First two digits numbers go from 01 to 81 (as there are 81 provinces in Turkey) and each one is assigned to a province with alphabetical order e.g. 01 is the code of the province Adana or 34 is the code of the province Istanbul. All 81 provinces uses "01 AB 123" style plates initially until all combinations ran out, then the province starts to use 01 A 1234 then 01 ABC 12 etc. As a result, three largest provinces i.e. Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir are currently issuing 99 AB 9999 style plates since they used all combinations of previous series but the province Sivas for example, still issues 99 AB 999 plates as having a modest population and number of vehicles. 99 A 99999 series are not regular since they are only used in provinces where commercial vehicles are abundant e.g. Bursa to distinguish these vehicles there from passenger cars. Letters "I" and "O" are only used in the middle 01 ABC 12 series e.g. 34 YOC 34 or 06 TIL 56 to avoid confusion with numerals "1" and "0" respectively. Also some letters combinations like "PKK" are banned due to their referring to state-enemy organizations or racy words. * Serbia and Montenegro, currently not a member of the EU, used the following system until 2007: MM 12-34, MM 123-45 or MM 123-456 (MM being two letter abbreviation of municipality (Serbia_and_Montenegro#Administrative_divisions)), and having state flag (of former FR Yugoslavia, later Serbia and Montenegro) between municipality and numbers. Montenegro left that system in 2007, and introduced new format: MM AB 123, with coat of arms (Coat of arms of Montenegro) in circular shape between municipality and letter sequence. Blue strip with MNE country code is placed in the left side, with vacant place for EU stars, in case of joining the Union. Serbia also uses new system with blue strip country code SRB: MM 123-AB and MM 1234-AB, with coat of arms (Coat of arms of Serbia) between municipality and number sequence. The following system is used for taxi vehicles: BG 123 TX or BG 1234 TX, where a TX combination is reserved for this purpose only. * Most countries, including Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Ireland (Republic of Ireland), Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Montenegro, Norway, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, and Slovenia (formerly also Italy—until October 1993—, Lithuania and Spain—until 2000—, and Albania—until 2011—), have systems in which there is a direct link between a letter or letters appearing on the plate and the town or district where the plate was issued (e.g. ''"B"'' and ''"M"'' in Germany for Berlin and Munich, ''"TN"'' and ''"ZV"'' in Slovakia for Trenčín and Zvolen, ''"BG"'' and ''"KG"'' in Serbia for Belgrade and Kragujevac and "''AX''" and "''KY''" in Greece for Achaia and Corfu). Some countries, including Austria, Germany, Slovenia, and Switzerland even include a regional or municipal coat of arms on the plate. * France (until 2009), Turkey and Russia use a system with an indirect number relation to the car's place of registration. WikiPedia:Montenegro Dmoz:Regional Europe Montenegro


releasing albums

and United Arab Emirates Although he expected a major boom, there was almost no response from the audience and Toma was hugely disappointed. But, he continued releasing albums and continuously changed places, kafanas and hotels where he was the resident singer. He sang all over Yugoslavia, from Bosnia to Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia (Socialist Republic of Macedonia) and even Croatia. Image:Royal Standard of Nicholas II, Crown Prince of Montenegro.svg‎ thumb right


contemporary political

is contemporary Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina and parts of Croatia like Dalmatia and Dubrovnik as ethnically Serb, with, IMO, very visible contemporary political implications. This is not a presentation of some variants of historical discourse, but a national propaganda. Now-HRE is not completely one-sided in his approach, nor does he, according to the wiki record, see '''all''' things as black-and-white. He's a person one can talk to. He's someone I cannot help but feel an effection for. '''But''': 1. to "enthrone" HRE as an administrator would lead to endeless bickering & edit wars, especially over controversial pages . I think that virtually all Croatian and Bosniak wikipedians would be rather firm in not accepting his position, mainly because he's got a reputation of a denier of vital parts of Bosniak, Montenegrin and Croatian identity and history. The talk pages of a zillion articles would fill to overflowing 2. all HRE's "positive" and "neutral" contributions are overshadowed by his, IMO, very partial approach to sensitive issues that have been mentioned in others's comments. Sorry-no.Mir Harven (User:Mir Harven) 13:32, 23 April 2006 (UTC) #'''Oppose''' Holy is a great manipulator ready to lie in order to achive his goals. He spread propaganda all the time, everyone can check. This is what Holy said to one administrator about myself in order to block me: ''Greetings, vandal-fighter! I must say that I come bearing ill news, unfortunatly. I am an goodf (at least I think) historian, and am currently re-writing the articles of Doclea, Zeta (state), Rascia, Travunia, Zachlumia and Pagania. User:Emir_Arven is changing those articles. That would vandalism if he didn't actually think that way. For instance, he is deleting and changing (to a strange way) the beautiful lyrics of the poet Petar Petrović Njegoš (see?). I am afraid that my slow connection and little free time will not leave me enough time to revert all the incorrect date, unfortunatly. '''HolyRomanEmperor 19:44, 24 November 2005 (UTC)''''' And I have never visited Rascia, Travunia, Zahumlje and Pagania articles. As you can see above, he said: "User:Emir_Arven is changing those articles." Just check the history of these articles...He also did the same thing many times. I can quote all those cases (about alleged Vladimir Corovic source, about Ivo Andric, about Husein Gradascevic etc.). He is a great manipulator and nationalist. He put the source in the article and says it is a valid source, but when I check it, in most cases it is false. Also check his block log. He had many conflicts with Croat, Bosniak and Albanian users.--Emir Arven (User:Emir Arven) 14:15, 23 April 2006 (UTC) '''Sinan Sakić''' (Serbian Cyrillic: Синан Сакић, WikiPedia:Montenegro Dmoz:Regional Europe Montenegro

Montenegro

ethnic_groups 45% Montenegrins 29% Serbs 9% Bosniaks 7% Albanians 10% others ethnic_groups_year 2011 demonym Montenegrin government_type Parliamentary republic leader_title1 President (President of Montenegro) leader_name1 Filip Vujanović leader_title2 Prime Minister (Prime Minister of Montenegro) leader_name2 Milo Đukanović leader_title3 President (President of the Parliament of Montenegro) of the Parliament leader_name3 Ranko Krivokapić legislature Skupština (Parliament of Montenegro) area_rank 161st area_magnitude 1 E10 area_km2 13,812 area_sq_mi 5,332 percent_water 1.5 population_estimate_rank 164th population_estimate_year 2014 population_census 703,208 population_census_year 2014 population_density_km2 73 population_density_sq_mi 175 population_density_rank 121st GDP_PPP_year 2014 GDP_PPP $9.499 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_per_capita $15,219.452 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank 76th GDP_nominal_year 2014 GDP_nominal $4.66 billion GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_per_capita $7,466.174 GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank 80th sovereignty_type Events established_event1 Duklja was vassal of Byzantine empire in established_date1 6th century established_event2 Semi-independent dukedom of Duklja (Doclea) (History of Montenegro#Duklja) established_date2 9th century established_event3 Kingdom of Zeta recognition established_date3 1077 established_event4 Independent dukedom established established_date4 1356 established_event5 Independent dukedom reestablished established_date5 1441 established_event6 Principality (Principality of Montenegro) founded established_date6 1 January 1852 established_event7 Recognition by the Ottoman Empire established_date7 3 March 1878 established_event8 Kingdom (Kingdom of Montenegro) proclaimed established_date8 28 August 1910 established_event9 Creation of Yugoslavia established_date9 1 December 1918 established_event10 established_date10 3 June 2006 Gini_year Gini_change Gini Gini_ref Gini_rank HDI_year 2013 HDI_change increase HDI 0.789 HDI_ref HDI_rank 51st currency Euro (€ (Euro sign)) b currency_code EUR country_code time_zone CET (Central European Time) utc_offset +1 time_zone_DST CEST (Central European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +2 drives_on right calling_code +382 (Telephone numbers in Montenegro) ISO_3166-1_alpha2 ME ISO_3166-1_alpha3 MNE ISO_3166-1_num 499 vehicle_code MNE cctld .me footnote_a Constitution (Constitution of Montenegro) names '''Cetinje''' as the Old Royal Capital (''prijestonica'') of Montenegro. footnote_b Adopted unilaterally (Montenegro and the euro); Montenegro is not a member of the Eurozone.

'''Montenegro''' (

In the 9th century, there existed three Slavic principalities on the territory of Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. In 1042, ''archon'' Stefan Vojislav led a revolt that resulted in the independence of Duklja and the establishment of the Vojislavljević dynasty. Duklja reached its zenith under Vojislav's son, Mihailo (Mihailo of Duklja) (1046–81), and his grandson Bodin (Constantine Bodin) (1081–1101). ''). Large portions fell under the control of the Ottoman Empire from 1496 to 1878. Parts were controlled by Venice. From 1515 until 1851 the prince-bishops (vladikas) of Cetinje were the rulers. The House of Petrović-Njegoš ruled until 1918. From 1918, it was a part of Yugoslavia. On the basis of an independence referendum held on 21 May 2006 (Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006), Montenegro declared independence on 3 June of that year.

Classified by the World Bank as a middle-income country, Montenegro is a member of the UN, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Council of Europe, the Central European Free Trade Agreement and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean. Montenegro also is a candidate (Accession of Montenegro to the European Union) for joining the European Union Crna Gora od danas kandidat and NATO (Accession of Montenegro to NATO).

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