is kite-surfing hotspot, and naturist heaven Other destinations * Bečići — with a 2 km long fine sandy beach, it is home to numerous resorts and hotels * Biogradska Gora National Park — some of the last remaining untouched forests in Europe, and beautiful small lake where You can fish Yourself * Durmitor National Park — rafting through the Tara Canyon, the deepest canyon in Europe, is one of the most popular activities in Montenegro * Lovćen National Park — beautiful
mountain with natural, cultural and historical scenery * Mount Ostrog — the amazing monastery situated on the almost vertical cliff of Mount Ostrog * Perast — beautiful small village, a UNESCO World Natural and Historical Heritage Site * Prokletije National Park - hiking and mountain climbing are this park's main attraction * Skadar Lake National Park — the largest lake on the Balkans and the natural habitat of the very diverse flora and fauna * Sveti Stefan — picturesque town-hotel, a former fishermen town on the small peninsula near Budva (currently closed for renovation) * Ada Bojana — an island on river delta located on southern-most tip offers a paradise for naturists and kite-surfing crowd * Porto Montenegro — mega-yacht port and glamorous Mediterranean-style new settlement made out of reconstructed docking facilities and factory * Rose (Rose (Montenegro)) — scenic settlement on the western side of Lustica, Boka Bay Get in Most foreign tourists enter Montenegro directly by air, by road from Croatia or occasionally by sea from Italy. The land routes from Bosnia, Serbia, Kosovo and Albania are mainly used by tourists from those respective countries. Holders of travel documents containing a valid Schengen visa, a valid visa of the United States of America or a permission to stay in these countries may enter and stay, i.e. pass through the territory of Montenegro up to seven days, and not longer than the expiry of visa if the period of validity of visa is less than seven days. Visit for more details. However, border guards are not fully aware of this information, and they might tell you that you require a visa to enter Montenegro. Stay calm and politely ask them to recheck their information. They will fill a form with your passport and car registration information which can take up to 1 hour! As of Nov 2010, nationals of the following states may enter, pass through the territory of and stay in Montenegro up to 90 days with a valid travel document without a visa: Andorra , Argentina, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bermuda, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Guatemala, Greece, Holy See, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Macedonia (Macedonia (country)), Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Nicaragua, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, New Zealand, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, El Salvador, San Marino, Seychelles, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, Uruguay, United States of America and Venezuela. The exemption from the visa requirement also applies to the holders of valid travel documents issued by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. By plane '''Podgorica airport''' is Montenegro's main international airport. It is situated 12 km (7.5 miles) south of Podgorica. It is a hub for Montenegro's national airline carrier, Montenegro Airlines. One can get from the airport to Podgorica centre by taking the minibus, which usually waits in front of the terminal. The taxi to the centre will be more expensive, usually at €15. From the city centre (Republic Place) to the Airport, metered Taxi costs €5-6. One thing to notice about Podgorica airport is the lack of bus service to the coast. Hence, as soon as you exit the terminal, you will be surrounded by guys asking if you want a taxi. At this point, they are competing to see how much they can squeeze you for. Montenegro is most definitely not a cheap country, but still, keep your wits about you. Hotels in Kotor will offer airport transfer for approx 70-80 euros, so don't listen to guys quoting EUR120 or more for the drive to the coast. If you say "forget that", and take a taxi to the centre, they may try to bargain when you're in the car... at least here it's one-to-one. '''Tivat airport''' is situated near the city of Tivat, on the Montenegin coast. It has regular flights to Belgrade throughout the year, and has charter flights to major European destinations during the summer. Tivat airport is 20km from Budva and Herceg-Novi and 60 km from Bar. Destinations covered from these airports are listed in detail on the website of 'Airports of Montenegro'. Destinations covered by Montenegro Airlines, as well as booking information, can be found on the website of the carrier. '''Dubrovnik airport''' in Croatia is a half hour drive from the Montenegro border and the coastal city of Herceg-Novi, and is served by many major airlines, so it might be a good option for tourists coming by plane. * '''Podgorica and Tivat Airport Bus Service, Car Rental and VIP Limo Transfers''' * '''Airport and City Transfer''' By train There are one daytime and one overnight train (two in summer) from Belgrade. Trains go through Bijelo Polje, Kolašin, Podgorica and ends in Bar, Montenegro's main seaport. The railway through the Dinaric Mountains is considered as one of the most scenic railways in Europe. Travel by train is the cheapest way to get to Montenegro, but the quality of service is not very good. Trip time is 10h from Belgrade to Podgorica (11h to Bar), but expect considerable delays. Ticket from Belgrade to Podgorica costs €19.20, plus €3 compulsory seat reservation or €6 berth reservation. Tickets can be purchased at Serbian railway e-shop bus Montenegro is well connected with neighbouring countries and ticket prices are all under €25. During the summer, more seasonal lines are being introduced. By car European routes E65, E80, E762, E763 and E851 pass through the country, connecting it to Croatia , Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo and Albania. There are no roads in Montenegro built to full motorway standard, as all roads are of single carriageway type. Almost all roads in Montenegro are curvy, mountainous roads, and speeds over 80km h are not permitted. The general speed limit within a built-up area is 50km h. Roads in the northern mountainous region require additional caution during the winter. Driving with headlights is obligatory, even during the daytime; so is the use of seat belts. A €10 'ecological fee' for passenger cars used to be collected at the border posts when entering Montenegro, but it was scrapped in 2012. By ship There is a regular ferry line (Ferries in the Mediterranean) from Bar to Bari in Italy. The Bar-Bari line operates throughout the year, with service several times weekly during the summer. A trip to Bari takes around 8 hours. To check the timetables, go to website with all Adriatic ferry routes. There is also ferry service from Bari, Italy, to Dubrovnik in Croatia. From there, bus service is available to Montenegro - the Dubrovnik bus station is adjacent to the port where the ferry docks. Get around thumb 300px Beach of Becici (File:Bečići Beach.jpg) By train There is local train service, operating from Bar, through Podgorica and Kolasin and Mojkovac to Bijelo Polje. It is the cheapest way to travel from north to south and vice versa, the quality of service is not on the high level. Montenegro received new trains from Switzerland in the last months, replacing some of the older rolling stock that what used for local services. The level of quality should be up with European standards. Montenegro Railways also reactivated the train route to Niksic, providing a scenic and pretty cheap journey, without being slower than the bus. By bus This may be the easiest way to get around Montenegro. Buses are frequent (especially during the summer), safe and are more or less on schedule. Ticket prices within Montenegro are all under €15. Examples of prices: Podgorica-Ulcinj €6, Podgorica-Cetinje €3,Cetinje-Kotor €5, etc. Local buses usually have no airconditioning. Besides the buses, there are minibuses at bus stations that are usually slightly cheaper, but are actually a faster and more comfortable option. By car As there is no real highway in Montenegro; most roads are two-lane only, with frequent addition of a third overtaking lane, and generally are not up to European standards. Most roads are curvy and mountainous, so speeds over 80 km h (50 mph) are rarely legal, and rarely safe. The speed limit is 80km h on the open road, unless signs specify otherwise. The speed limit inside the cities is 50km h. The use of safety belts and headlights during the day is compulsory, and the use of cellphones while driving is prohibited. Signposts used in Montenegro are almost identical to those used in EU countries. Local drivers tend to drive fast, and to get involved into dangerous overtakings. Traffic jams are common during the peak of the summer season. Pedestrians are noutorious for jaywalking in every Montenegrin city. Drivers tend to be extremely vocal, so don't take it personally if a driver yells at you. By rent-a-car Rent-a-car business are numerous and prices start from 20 EUR per day for Toyota Yaris. By thumb Hitchhiking works pretty great in Montenegro. See Hitchwiki for more details. Specific roads Roads from Podgorica to Bar and to Niksic are fairly good and easy to drive on. The roads from Podgorica through Cetinje to Budva and to Petrovac are both in good condition, but are curvy mountainous roads which rarely permit speeds over 70km h. The road from Podgorica north to Kolasin, and then on to Zabljak or Serbia, is considered dangerous during the winter, especially the part through the Moraca canyon. It is recommended that one takes the bus to the north during the cold or rainy days, as bus drivers are experienced and know the road. The old road from Cetinje to Kotor is mostly a narrow one-lane road offering stunning views of Kotor from above, but exercise extreme caution when passing on-coming traffic, over-taking and around corners. Talk WikiPedia:Montenegro Dmoz:Regional Europe Montenegro
.shtml#two title History - World Wars: Partisans: War in the Balkans 1941 - 1945 publisher BBC date accessdate 2011-08-12 However, while some Chetnik units did engage in marginal Milazzo (1975) (#Milazzo 1975), p.182 resistance activities for limited periods, Milazzo (1975) (#Milazzo_1975), pp. 103-105 the Chetnik movement Milazzo (1975) (#Milazzo_1975), pp.185-186 ref>
; Milazzo (1975) (#Milazzo 1975), p.182 resistance activities and avoided accommodations with the enemy. Ramet (2006) (#Ramet 2006), p. 147 Milazzo (1975) (#Milazzo 1975), p. 21 Over a period of time, and in different parts of the country, the Chetniks were drawn progressively Tomasevich (1975) (#Tomasevich 1975) into collaboration
of standard Bosnian (Bosnian language), Croatian (Croatian language) and Serbian (Serbian language), so all are mutually intelligible and are a single language by that criterion, despite being distinct national standards. Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian, Or Montenegrin? Or Just 'Our Language'?, ''Radio Free Europe'', February 21, 2009 Mijat
The three-finger salute was widely used by unionists in Montenegro during their rallies before the Montenegrin independence referendum (Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006). :1857-59 - Governor of Baghdad. :1862 - Repressed the insurrection in Montenegro and took possession of Cetinje. :1864 - Made field marshal. Career As a leading authority in the field, Dr. Williams has assisted nearly two dozen states and sub-state entities in major international peace
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date 2010-01-07 accessdate 2012-12-07 thumb left 160px Tara River Canyon Tara Canyon (File:Tara River Canyon.jpg), deepest canyon in Europe and the second-deepest in the world Montenegro was also listed in "10 Top Hot Spots of 2009" to visit by Yahoo Travel, describing it as "Currently ranked as the second fastest growing tourism market in the world (falling just behind China)". WikiPedia:Montenegro Dmoz:Regional Europe Montenegro
Orthodox Church in Montenegro. Founded in 1219 by Saint Sava, it is now one of the most prominent dioceses in the Serbian Orthodox Church. The current Metropolitan (Metropolitan bishop) is Amfilohije (Metropolitan Amfilohije). His current title is "Archbishop of Cetinje and Metropolitan of Montenegro and the Littoral". The history of Montenegro begins at this point. Ivan Crnojević bought a printing press in Venice a few years before his death in 1490. His son Đurađ
"Mediaeval Deccan history" They have a common origin with the Chavuse (Arab (Gujarat)) community of Gujarat. Serbia signed the CEFTA enabling exports of all products originating from Serbia without customs and other fees in the region: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Moldova, Montenegro and UNMIK-Kosovo (Kosovo). In 2009, the CEFTA countries were
that are worth going to and may range from typical music concerts to local festivities involving free food and drinks. Usually wine and seafood. * '''Bokeska Noc''' (3rd week of August) - Celebrations under masks by the iconic fortifications of Kotor where each year a hateful figure is burned, and celebrations out in the open continues till early morning. * '''Sun Dance Festival''' (end of July) - infamous Exit festival has found a new home for summer season and the biggest music happening in SE
#c5deb0 region5description This region is entirely situated within the Dinaric Alps, famous for its untouched wild nature. A must is the Tara River Canyon in Durmitor National Park. Žabljak is Montenegro's winter sports capital. Cities * Podgorica — the capital, and administrative centre as well as biggest city in Montenegro, intensively developed in last decade * Budva — fortified Old Town surrounded by high-rises, resorts and new developments is the most popular
ethnic_groups 45% Montenegrins 29% Serbs 9% Bosniaks 7% Albanians 10% others ethnic_groups_year 2011 demonym Montenegrin government_type Parliamentary republic leader_title1 President (President of Montenegro) leader_name1 Filip Vujanović leader_title2 Prime Minister (Prime Minister of Montenegro) leader_name2 Milo Đukanović leader_title3 President (President of the Parliament of Montenegro) of the Parliament leader_name3 Ranko Krivokapić legislature Skupština (Parliament of Montenegro) area_rank 161st area_magnitude 1 E10 area_km2 13,812 area_sq_mi 5,332 percent_water 1.5 population_estimate_rank 164th population_estimate_year 2014 population_census 703,208 population_census_year 2014 population_density_km2 73 population_density_sq_mi 175 population_density_rank 121st GDP_PPP_year 2014 GDP_PPP $9.499 billion GDP_PPP_rank GDP_PPP_per_capita $15,219.452 GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank 76th GDP_nominal_year 2014 GDP_nominal $4.66 billion GDP_nominal_rank GDP_nominal_per_capita $7,466.174 GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank 80th sovereignty_type Events established_event1 Duklja was vassal of Byzantine empire in established_date1 6th century established_event2 Semi-independent dukedom of Duklja (Doclea) (History of Montenegro#Duklja) established_date2 9th century established_event3 Kingdom of Zeta recognition established_date3 1077 established_event4 Independent dukedom established established_date4 1356 established_event5 Independent dukedom reestablished established_date5 1441 established_event6 Principality (Principality of Montenegro) founded established_date6 1 January 1852 established_event7 Recognition by the Ottoman Empire established_date7 3 March 1878 established_event8 Kingdom (Kingdom of Montenegro) proclaimed established_date8 28 August 1910 established_event9 Creation of Yugoslavia established_date9 1 December 1918 established_event10 established_date10 3 June 2006 Gini_year Gini_change Gini Gini_ref Gini_rank HDI_year 2013 HDI_change increase HDI 0.789 HDI_ref HDI_rank 51st currency Euro (€ (Euro sign)) b currency_code EUR country_code time_zone CET (Central European Time) utc_offset +1 time_zone_DST CEST (Central European Summer Time) utc_offset_DST +2 drives_on right calling_code +382 (Telephone numbers in Montenegro) ISO_3166-1_alpha2 ME ISO_3166-1_alpha3 MNE ISO_3166-1_num 499 vehicle_code MNE cctld .me footnote_a Constitution (Constitution of Montenegro) names '''Cetinje''' as the Old Royal Capital (''prijestonica'') of Montenegro. footnote_b Adopted unilaterally (Montenegro and the euro); Montenegro is not a member of the Eurozone.
In the 9th century, there existed three Slavic principalities on the territory of Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half, Travunia, the west, and Rascia, the north. In 1042, ''archon'' Stefan Vojislav led a revolt that resulted in the independence of Duklja and the establishment of the Vojislavljević dynasty. Duklja reached its zenith under Vojislav's son, Mihailo (Mihailo of Duklja) (1046–81), and his grandson Bodin (Constantine Bodin) (1081–1101). ''). Large portions fell under the control of the Ottoman Empire from 1496 to 1878. Parts were controlled by Venice. From 1515 until 1851 the prince-bishops (vladikas) of Cetinje were the rulers. The House of Petrović-Njegoš ruled until 1918. From 1918, it was a part of Yugoslavia. On the basis of an independence referendum held on 21 May 2006 (Montenegrin independence referendum, 2006), Montenegro declared independence on 3 June of that year.
Classified by the World Bank as a middle-income country, Montenegro is a member of the UN, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Council of Europe, the Central European Free Trade Agreement and a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean. Montenegro also is a candidate (Accession of Montenegro to the European Union) for joining the European Union Crna Gora od danas kandidat and NATO (Accession of Montenegro to NATO).