Medzhybizh

What is Medzhybizh known for?


humor

and his exploits are legendary within both the Jewish and non-Jewish communities. Hershel is also buried in the old Jewish cemetery in Medzhybizh, though his grave is unmarked. One legend has it that in a fit of rage Rabbi Boruch himself was responsible for Hershel's death. Wiesel, Elie, 1978, ''Four Hasidic masters and their struggle against melancholy:'' Univ. of Notre Dame Press, p. 54-56 Learsi. R., 1961, ''Filled with Laughter: A Fiesta of Jewish Folk Humor


main focus

the stories of the Baal Shem Tov's travels, accompanied by his close disciples, and led by his non-Jewish wagon driver. Dovber, in contrast, set up his court in Mezhirichi, where his lameness restricted him, and devoted his main focus to articulating the mystical-philosophical system within the Baal Shem Tov's teachings to his close circle of disciples, who would lead the future movement. The simple folk were also able to visit during the Sabbath public attendancies of Dovber, and receive spiritual


humor'

and his exploits are legendary within both the Jewish and non-Jewish communities. Hershel is also buried in the old Jewish cemetery in Medzhybizh, though his grave is unmarked. One legend has it that in a fit of rage Rabbi Boruch himself was responsible for Hershel's death. Wiesel, Elie, 1978, ''Four Hasidic masters and their struggle against melancholy:'' Univ. of Notre Dame Press, p. 54-56 Learsi. R., 1961, ''Filled with Laughter: A Fiesta of Jewish Folk Humor


social structure

for the Jewish institutions, such as observance of kashrut, the social structure of the town, liaison with the town's nobles, and control of the Jewish court (Beth din). Hasidic leaders included Rabbi Boruch of Medzhybizh (1757–1811), the Baal Shem Tov's grandson. Rabbi Boruch was notable for his principle of ''malkhus'' ("royalty") and conducted his court accordingly. He was also known for his "melancholy" and he had a fiery temper. Many of his grandfather's disciples and the great Hasidic leaders of the time, regularly visited Rabbi Boruch, including the Magid of Chernobyl (Chernobyl (Hasidic dynasty)), the Magid of Mezritch (Maggid of Mezritch), Rabbi Shneur Zalman of Liadi (Schneur Zalman of Liadi) (founder of the Chabad Hasidic movement), and others. In an attempt to remedy Rabbi Boruch's melancholy, his followers brought in Hershel of Ostropol as a "court jester" of sorts. Hershel was one of the first documented Jewish comedians and his exploits are legendary within both the Jewish and non-Jewish communities. Hershel is also buried in the old Jewish cemetery in Medzhybizh, though his grave is unmarked. One legend has it that in a fit of rage Rabbi Boruch himself was responsible for Hershel's death. Wiesel, Elie, 1978, ''Four Hasidic masters and their struggle against melancholy:'' Univ. of Notre Dame Press, p. 54-56 Learsi. R., 1961, ''Filled with Laughter: A Fiesta of Jewish Folk Humor:'' Thomas Yoseloff, p. 183-184. Rabbi Nachman of Breslav (1772–1810), the Baal Shem Tov's great-grandson, was born in Medzhybizh but left at an early age. He became the founder of the Breslover (Breslov (Hasidic dynasty)) Hasidim. Another Hasidic leader, Rabbi Avraham Yehoshua Heshel of Apt (Opatów) (1748–1825) "The Apter Rov", made Medzhybizh his home from 1813 until his death in 1825. The Apter Rov is also buried in the old Jewish cemetery in Medzhybizh, very close to the Baal Shem Tov's grave. The Heshel family (Apta (Hasidic dynasty)) became one of the foremost Hasidic rabbinic dynasties and various descendants remained in Medzhybizh well into the 20th century. The non-Hasidic rabbinic leadership of Medzhybizh was controlled by the Rapoport-Bick dynasty (Rapoport-Bick (rabbinic dynasty)), the most important of all the non-Hasidic rabbinic dynasties of Medzhybizh. Rabbi Dov Berish Rapoport (d. 1823) was the first to make Medzhybizh his home. He was the grandson of Rabbi Chaim haCohen Rapoport of Lviv (d. 1771), a notable sage during the mid-18th century. Dov Berish Rapoport's grave can be seen today at the old Jewish cemetery in Medzhybizh. Other rabbis of this dynasty include Rabbi Isaac Bick (1864–1934) who immigrated to America in 1925 and founded a synagogue in Rhode Island. Rabbi Chaim Yekhiel Mikhel Bick (1887–1964) was the last known rabbi to reside in Medzhybizh. He left Medzhybizh for New York in 1925. It is not known whether Medzhybizh had another rabbi when it served as a Jewish ghetto in World War II. The Rapoport Dynasty (Rapoport-Bick (rabbinic dynasty)) traces its roots back to Rabbi Jacob Emden (1697–1776) who was involved in the Frankist (Jacob Frank) debates and his father Rabbi Tsvi Hirsh Ashkenazi (Tzvi Ashkenazi), known as the ''Chacham Tsvi'' (1660–1718). The Rapoports themselves are a long distinguished rabbinic family who traces their roots back to Central Europe and Northern Italy in the 15th century. The first Rapoport rabbi to make his home in Medzhybizh was Rabbi Dov Berish Rapoport (d. 1823). He was the grandson of Rabbi Chaim haCohen Rapoport of Lviv (d. 1771), who was also involved in the Frankist (Jacob Frank) debates. Rabbi Dov Berish became the head of the Jewish court (''Av Beth Din'') and leader of the entire Jewish community of Medzhybizh. However, in a dispute with Rabbi Moshe Chaim Ephraim, the Baal Shem Tov's grandson around the year 1800, the non-Hasidic and the Hasidic communities separated into two leadership groups. The Rapoport Bick family continued to control the town's Jewish religious court. The Hasidic community at the time chose Rabbi Issachar Dov-Ber Landa to represent them in official matters. Interestingly, both Rabbis Rapoport and Landa are buried side-by-side in the Medzhybizh Jewish cemetery, just a few steps away from the Baal Shem Tov's grave. Jewish institutions in Medzhybizh thumb 18th century gravestones at the old Jewish cemetery in Medzhybizh (File:Old Jewish Cemetery Medzhibozh 1989.jpg) thumb Gravestone of the Baal Shem Tov in Medzhybizh (File:BaalShemMatzeivoh.JPG) Medzhybizh was the home to at least two synagogue buildings and numerous small minyanim. One synagogue still stands today but is used for other purposes. It was the synagogue of R. Avraham Yehoshua Heshel, the Apter Rov. In early 2008, it was bought by the Ohalei Zaddikim organization and is slated for reconstruction. The other synagogue, the Baal Shem Tov's old wooden synagogue, was torn down for firewood during World War II. It has recently been rebuilt according to plan. Rebbe Nachman was born in the town of Medzhybizh, Ukraine. His mother, Feiga, was the daughter of Adil (also spelled Udel), daughter of the Baal Shem Tov, founder of Hasidic Judaism. His father Simcha was the son of Rabbi Nachman of Horodenka (Gorodenka), one of the Baal Shem Tov's disciples, after whom Rebbe Nachman was named. Rebbe Nachman had two brothers, Yechiel Zvi and Yisroel Mes, and a sister, Perel. ''Until the Mashiach'', p. 2. DATE OF BIRTH 4 April 1772 PLACE OF BIRTH Medzhybizh, Ukraine DATE OF DEATH 16 October 1810 After the death of the Lithuanian prince Vytautas (Vitovt) in 1430, Podolia was incorporated into Podolian Voivodeship of the Polish Crown (Crown of the Kingdom of Poland), with the exception of its eastern part, the Province of Bratslav (Bratslav Voivodeship), which remained with Lithuania until its union with Poland in the Union of Lublin of 1569. Apart from an Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) occupation (1672 - 1699) and administration as Podolia Eyalet, the Poles retained Podolia until the partition (Partitions of Poland)s of their country in 1772 and 1793, when the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and Imperial Russia annexed the western and eastern parts respectively. During Ottoman rule, Podolia was a province with its center was Kamaniçe (Kamianets-Podilskyi) and was divided sanjaks of Kamaniçe, Bar (Bar, Ukraine), Mejibuji (Medzhybizh) and Yazlofça (Yazlovets). http: tr.wikipedia.org wiki Podolya_Eyaleti Eyalet of Podolia birth_date August 7, 1865 birth_place Medzhybizh, Ukraine, Russian Empire death_date November 18, 1921 Berdyczewski was born in 1865 in the town Medzhybizh in western Ukraine, the birth place of Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer, (also known as the Baal Shem Tov), founder of Hasidism, to a family of Hasidic Rabbis. His father was the town Rabbi. In his youth he began to read works from the Jewish Enlightenment, and their influence is noticeable in his works. Berdyczewski was forced to divorce his first wife following her family’s objection to his involvement with secular literature. He then moved to the Volozhin Yeshiva, but there too, his pursuit of unconventional literature stirred anger and objection. DATE OF BIRTH August 7, 1865 PLACE OF BIRTH Medzhybizh, Ukraine DATE OF DEATH November 18, 1921 *Mattersdorf (Mattersdorf (Hasidic dynasty)) (from Mattersburg, Austria) *Mezhbizh (Mezhbizh (Hasidic dynasty)) (from Medzhybizh), Ukraine; Also see Apter Rov (Apter Rebbe) *Mishkoltz (Mishkoltz (Hasidic dynasty)) (from Miskolc, Hungary) Biography Sirkis was born in Lublin in 1561. At age fourteen he went to the ''yeshiva'' of Solomon ben Judah. After remaining there some time he went to Brest-Litovsk, where he attended the yeshiva of Rabbi Phoebus. While still a youth he was invited to the rabbinate of Pruzhany, near Slonim. Later he occupied the rabbinates of Lubkow, Lublin, Medzyboz (Medzhybizh), Belz, Szydlowka, and finally Brest-Litovsk and Kraków, succeeding in each of the two last-mentioned places his teacher R. Phoebus. *Medzhybizh, town in Western Ukraine (till 1795 Międzybórz in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth), famous for Hassidism *R. Arieh Lieb Rapoport (d. 1759), rabbi in Prezwork *R. Dov Berish Rapoport (d. 1823), rabbi in Medzhybizh, married into the Emden family *Rapoport-Bick (rabbinic dynasty)


rostislav

. It was given to Prince Svyatoslav (Sviatoslav II of Kiev) by the prince of Kiev in the year 1146. In 1148, ownership transferred to Rostyslav (Rostislav I of Kiev), the son of Yuri Dolgoruky. The wooden fortress that stood there was destroyed in 1255. After the Mongol incursion, by 1360, the town and surrounding territory passed into the hands of the Lithuanians (History of Lithuania). The town suffered from numerous attacks by the Tatars in 1453, 1506, 1516, 1546, 1558, 1566


special connection

by the Czartoryski family and his house shows up on several town censuses. There were two fundamentally different rabbinic leaders in the town, those who were Hasidic and those who were not. In general, both groups got along, but the followers of the Hasidic leaders believed they had a special connection with God (Names of God in Judaism) and were cult-like in their devotion to their "rebbe". The non-Hasidic leaders tended to follow a scholarly path and were more responsible


modern building

of ongoing restoration efforts. The location of its famous graves are now protected by a modern building. The Apter Rov's shul is currently undergoing renovation. A complete re-creation of the Besht's shul was recently constructed on its original site. Jewish history and culture thumb The fortress-like Sirkes Shul in Medzhybizh, probably built in the 17th century (photo taken in 1935) (File:Sirkes Shul Medzhibozh 1935.jpg) File:Inside Sirkes Shul Medzhibozh 1930.jpg thumb The interior

the local Ukrainian population remembered the Baal Shem Tov's healing powers during his lifetime and they were afraid of his powerful magic even beyond the grave. The old Jewish cemetery contains a modern building over the graves of the important Jewish dignitaries. Other gravestones in this cemetery are worth visiting as the artwork on many stones shows a level of cultural achievement matching the rise of importance of the town. The oldest burial in this cemetery dates from 1555. Toward the central western portion of town is the new Jewish cemetery, which is only in fair condition. Here Jews are buried from the early 19th century through modern times. Outside of town to the west, and adjacent to the Southern Bug river, is the Nazi mass killing site where approximately 3,000 Jews were buried. A monument marks the site. The three ravines that holds the graves are covered in concrete. Famous people associated with Medzhybizh *Rabbi Joel Sirkes (1561–1640), "the Ba"ch," major halachist and Talmud commentator. *Rabbi Israel ben Eliezar Baal Shem Tov (1698–1760), founder of Chasidism *Rabbi Boruch of Medzhybizh (1757–1811), son of Udl the daughter of the Baal Shem Tov (Ba'al Shem Tov) *Rabbi Nachman of Breslav (1772–1810), Great Grandson of the Baal Shem Tov and founder of the Breslov (Breslov (Hasidic dynasty)) Hasidic dynasty *Rabbi Ze'ev Wolf Kitzes (~1685-1788), disciple of the Baal Shem Tov. Buried next to the Baal Shem Tov in Medzhybizh. *Hershel of Ostropol (early 19th century), Jewish comedy figure *Rabbi Avraham Yehoshua Heshel of Apt (Opatów) (1748–1825), the "Apter Rov" and founder of the Apt Mezhbizh Zinkover (Apta (Hasidic dynasty)) Chasidic (Chasidism) rabbinic dynasty *Micha Josef Berdyczewski (Micha Bin Goryon) (1865–1921), Hebrew author *Joseph Barondess (1867–1928), after living with his wife in Medzhibozh, immigrated to the US in 1888 and became an important labor leader and politician *Leonid Afanasyevich Berdichevski (1908–1944), son of Micha Josef Berdyczewski, rose to the rank of Lt. Colonel in the Soviet army during World War II. Was awarded "Hero of the Soviet Union" because of a heroic stand where he was mortally wounded in a tank battle near Yelgava. *Milton Shprintzen (1912–2007), born in Medzhybizh, escaped pogroms to emigrate first to Montreal and then to New York in the 1920s. Beginning work as a laborer in textile companies, he worked his way to partnership in a textile firm in New York City and after retiring from that business, he started a new career in finance working until he was past 90. Legacy.com Secure Server *Abraham Colfin (1912–1992) born Abraham Chalfin Ha-Cohen in Medzhybizh, escaped with his mother and two brothers, emigrating first to Romania and then to New York in 1922. Began working in Merchant Marine and then as a cutter and Union Organizer with Local 10 of the ILGWU. Retired as a dress cutter and grader for Kasper of Leslie Fay. *Charles Colfin (1915–1988) born Yehoshua Chalfin Ha-Cohen, escaped with family, served with the 34th Infantry Division during World War II from North Africa through the invasions of Italy and Southern France. Received Bronze Star with Oak Leaf Clusters. *Ilya Isaacovich Frenkel (1917–2006) World War II veteran, protagonist in Hershel Polianker's novel "Teacher from Medzhibozh." Bibliography *Chapin, David A. and Weinstock, Ben, ''The Road from Letichev: The history and culture of a forgotten Jewish community in Eastern Europe, Volume 1 and Volume 2''. ISBN 0-595-00666-3 and ISBN 0-595-00667-1 iUniverse, Lincoln, NE, 2000. *Rabinowicz, Tzvi M. ''The Encyclopedia of Hasidism'': ISBN 1-56821-123-6 Jason Aronson, Inc., 1996. *Rosman, Moshe, ''Founder of Hasidism'': ISBN 0-520-20191-4 Univ. of California Press, 1996. *Rosman, Moshe, "Miedzyboz and Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov", ''Zion'', Vol. 52, No. 2, 1987, p. 177-89. Reprinted within ''Essential Papers on Hasidism'' ed, G.D. Hundert ISBN 0-8147-3470-7, New York, 1991. *Rosman, Moshe, ''The Lords' Jews: Magnate-Jewish Relations in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during the Eighteenth Century'', ISBN 0-916458-47-4 Cambridge, MA, 1990. *Polyanker, Hirsh, ''Der lerer fun Medzshibozsh (Teacher from Medzhibozh, Учитель из Меджибожа)'', Moscow, 1982, LC Control No.: 83116737. References External links *Pictures of Medzhybizh - Sights, cities and maps of Ukraine on Map of Ukraine *About Medzhybizh *Medzhybizh information *Where is Medzhybizh? * Map * History of Jewish Community in Medzhibozh * Rebbe Nachman was born in the town of Medzhybizh, Ukraine. His mother, Feiga, was the daughter of Adil (also spelled Udel), daughter of the Baal Shem Tov, founder of Hasidic Judaism. His father Simcha was the son of Rabbi Nachman of Horodenka (Gorodenka), one of the Baal Shem Tov's disciples, after whom Rebbe Nachman was named. Rebbe Nachman had two brothers, Yechiel Zvi and Yisroel Mes, and a sister, Perel. ''Until the Mashiach'', p. 2. DATE OF BIRTH 4 April 1772 PLACE OF BIRTH Medzhybizh, Ukraine DATE OF DEATH 16 October 1810 After the death of the Lithuanian prince Vytautas (Vitovt) in 1430, Podolia was incorporated into Podolian Voivodeship of the Polish Crown (Crown of the Kingdom of Poland), with the exception of its eastern part, the Province of Bratslav (Bratslav Voivodeship), which remained with Lithuania until its union with Poland in the Union of Lublin of 1569. Apart from an Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) occupation (1672 - 1699) and administration as Podolia Eyalet, the Poles retained Podolia until the partition (Partitions of Poland)s of their country in 1772 and 1793, when the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and Imperial Russia annexed the western and eastern parts respectively. During Ottoman rule, Podolia was a province with its center was Kamaniçe (Kamianets-Podilskyi) and was divided sanjaks of Kamaniçe, Bar (Bar, Ukraine), Mejibuji (Medzhybizh) and Yazlofça (Yazlovets). http: tr.wikipedia.org wiki Podolya_Eyaleti Eyalet of Podolia birth_date August 7, 1865 birth_place Medzhybizh, Ukraine, Russian Empire death_date November 18, 1921 Berdyczewski was born in 1865 in the town Medzhybizh in western Ukraine, the birth place of Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer, (also known as the Baal Shem Tov), founder of Hasidism, to a family of Hasidic Rabbis. His father was the town Rabbi. In his youth he began to read works from the Jewish Enlightenment, and their influence is noticeable in his works. Berdyczewski was forced to divorce his first wife following her family’s objection to his involvement with secular literature. He then moved to the Volozhin Yeshiva, but there too, his pursuit of unconventional literature stirred anger and objection. DATE OF BIRTH August 7, 1865 PLACE OF BIRTH Medzhybizh, Ukraine DATE OF DEATH November 18, 1921 *Mattersdorf (Mattersdorf (Hasidic dynasty)) (from Mattersburg, Austria) *Mezhbizh (Mezhbizh (Hasidic dynasty)) (from Medzhybizh), Ukraine; Also see Apter Rov (Apter Rebbe) *Mishkoltz (Mishkoltz (Hasidic dynasty)) (from Miskolc, Hungary) Biography Sirkis was born in Lublin in 1561. At age fourteen he went to the ''yeshiva'' of Solomon ben Judah. After remaining there some time he went to Brest-Litovsk, where he attended the yeshiva of Rabbi Phoebus. While still a youth he was invited to the rabbinate of Pruzhany, near Slonim. Later he occupied the rabbinates of Lubkow, Lublin, Medzyboz (Medzhybizh), Belz, Szydlowka, and finally Brest-Litovsk and Kraków, succeeding in each of the two last-mentioned places his teacher R. Phoebus. *Medzhybizh, town in Western Ukraine (till 1795 Międzybórz in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth), famous for Hassidism *R. Arieh Lieb Rapoport (d. 1759), rabbi in Prezwork *R. Dov Berish Rapoport (d. 1823), rabbi in Medzhybizh, married into the Emden family *Rapoport-Bick (rabbinic dynasty)


quot major

," major halachist and Talmud commentator. *Rabbi Israel ben Eliezar Baal Shem Tov (1698–1760), founder of Chasidism *Rabbi Boruch of Medzhybizh (1757–1811), son of Udl the daughter of the Baal Shem Tov (Ba'al Shem Tov) *Rabbi Nachman of Breslav (1772–1810), Great Grandson of the Baal Shem Tov and founder of the Breslov (Breslov (Hasidic dynasty)) Hasidic dynasty *Rabbi Ze'ev Wolf Kitzes (~1685-1788), disciple of the Baal Shem Tov. Buried next to the Baal Shem Tov in Medzhybizh. *Hershel of Ostropol (early 19th century), Jewish comedy figure *Rabbi Avraham Yehoshua Heshel of Apt (Opatów) (1748–1825), the "Apter Rov" and founder of the Apt Mezhbizh Zinkover (Apta (Hasidic dynasty)) Chasidic (Chasidism) rabbinic dynasty *Micha Josef Berdyczewski (Micha Bin Goryon) (1865–1921), Hebrew author *Joseph Barondess (1867–1928), after living with his wife in Medzhibozh, immigrated to the US in 1888 and became an important labor leader and politician *Leonid Afanasyevich Berdichevski (1908–1944), son of Micha Josef Berdyczewski, rose to the rank of Lt. Colonel in the Soviet army during World War II. Was awarded "Hero of the Soviet Union" because of a heroic stand where he was mortally wounded in a tank battle near Yelgava. *Milton Shprintzen (1912–2007), born in Medzhybizh, escaped pogroms to emigrate first to Montreal and then to New York in the 1920s. Beginning work as a laborer in textile companies, he worked his way to partnership in a textile firm in New York City and after retiring from that business, he started a new career in finance working until he was past 90. Legacy.com Secure Server *Abraham Colfin (1912–1992) born Abraham Chalfin Ha-Cohen in Medzhybizh, escaped with his mother and two brothers, emigrating first to Romania and then to New York in 1922. Began working in Merchant Marine and then as a cutter and Union Organizer with Local 10 of the ILGWU. Retired as a dress cutter and grader for Kasper of Leslie Fay. *Charles Colfin (1915–1988) born Yehoshua Chalfin Ha-Cohen, escaped with family, served with the 34th Infantry Division during World War II from North Africa through the invasions of Italy and Southern France. Received Bronze Star with Oak Leaf Clusters. *Ilya Isaacovich Frenkel (1917–2006) World War II veteran, protagonist in Hershel Polianker's novel "Teacher from Medzhibozh." Bibliography *Chapin, David A. and Weinstock, Ben, ''The Road from Letichev: The history and culture of a forgotten Jewish community in Eastern Europe, Volume 1 and Volume 2''. ISBN 0-595-00666-3 and ISBN 0-595-00667-1 iUniverse, Lincoln, NE, 2000. *Rabinowicz, Tzvi M. ''The Encyclopedia of Hasidism'': ISBN 1-56821-123-6 Jason Aronson, Inc., 1996. *Rosman, Moshe, ''Founder of Hasidism'': ISBN 0-520-20191-4 Univ. of California Press, 1996. *Rosman, Moshe, "Miedzyboz and Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov", ''Zion'', Vol. 52, No. 2, 1987, p. 177-89. Reprinted within ''Essential Papers on Hasidism'' ed, G.D. Hundert ISBN 0-8147-3470-7, New York, 1991. *Rosman, Moshe, ''The Lords' Jews: Magnate-Jewish Relations in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth during the Eighteenth Century'', ISBN 0-916458-47-4 Cambridge, MA, 1990. *Polyanker, Hirsh, ''Der lerer fun Medzshibozsh (Teacher from Medzhibozh, Учитель из Меджибожа)'', Moscow, 1982, LC Control No.: 83116737. References External links *Pictures of Medzhybizh - Sights, cities and maps of Ukraine on Map of Ukraine *About Medzhybizh *Medzhybizh information *Where is Medzhybizh? * Map * History of Jewish Community in Medzhibozh * Rebbe Nachman was born in the town of Medzhybizh, Ukraine. His mother, Feiga, was the daughter of Adil (also spelled Udel), daughter of the Baal Shem Tov, founder of Hasidic Judaism. His father Simcha was the son of Rabbi Nachman of Horodenka (Gorodenka), one of the Baal Shem Tov's disciples, after whom Rebbe Nachman was named. Rebbe Nachman had two brothers, Yechiel Zvi and Yisroel Mes, and a sister, Perel. ''Until the Mashiach'', p. 2. DATE OF BIRTH 4 April 1772 PLACE OF BIRTH Medzhybizh, Ukraine DATE OF DEATH 16 October 1810 After the death of the Lithuanian prince Vytautas (Vitovt) in 1430, Podolia was incorporated into Podolian Voivodeship of the Polish Crown (Crown of the Kingdom of Poland), with the exception of its eastern part, the Province of Bratslav (Bratslav Voivodeship), which remained with Lithuania until its union with Poland in the Union of Lublin of 1569. Apart from an Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) occupation (1672 - 1699) and administration as Podolia Eyalet, the Poles retained Podolia until the partition (Partitions of Poland)s of their country in 1772 and 1793, when the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and Imperial Russia annexed the western and eastern parts respectively. During Ottoman rule, Podolia was a province with its center was Kamaniçe (Kamianets-Podilskyi) and was divided sanjaks of Kamaniçe, Bar (Bar, Ukraine), Mejibuji (Medzhybizh) and Yazlofça (Yazlovets). http: tr.wikipedia.org wiki Podolya_Eyaleti Eyalet of Podolia birth_date August 7, 1865 birth_place Medzhybizh, Ukraine, Russian Empire death_date November 18, 1921 Berdyczewski was born in 1865 in the town Medzhybizh in western Ukraine, the birth place of Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer, (also known as the Baal Shem Tov), founder of Hasidism, to a family of Hasidic Rabbis. His father was the town Rabbi. In his youth he began to read works from the Jewish Enlightenment, and their influence is noticeable in his works. Berdyczewski was forced to divorce his first wife following her family’s objection to his involvement with secular literature. He then moved to the Volozhin Yeshiva, but there too, his pursuit of unconventional literature stirred anger and objection. DATE OF BIRTH August 7, 1865 PLACE OF BIRTH Medzhybizh, Ukraine DATE OF DEATH November 18, 1921 *Mattersdorf (Mattersdorf (Hasidic dynasty)) (from Mattersburg, Austria) *Mezhbizh (Mezhbizh (Hasidic dynasty)) (from Medzhybizh), Ukraine; Also see Apter Rov (Apter Rebbe) *Mishkoltz (Mishkoltz (Hasidic dynasty)) (from Miskolc, Hungary) Biography Sirkis was born in Lublin in 1561. At age fourteen he went to the ''yeshiva'' of Solomon ben Judah. After remaining there some time he went to Brest-Litovsk, where he attended the yeshiva of Rabbi Phoebus. While still a youth he was invited to the rabbinate of Pruzhany, near Slonim. Later he occupied the rabbinates of Lubkow, Lublin, Medzyboz (Medzhybizh), Belz, Szydlowka, and finally Brest-Litovsk and Kraków, succeeding in each of the two last-mentioned places his teacher R. Phoebus. *Medzhybizh, town in Western Ukraine (till 1795 Międzybórz in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth), famous for Hassidism *R. Arieh Lieb Rapoport (d. 1759), rabbi in Prezwork *R. Dov Berish Rapoport (d. 1823), rabbi in Medzhybizh, married into the Emden family *Rapoport-Bick (rabbinic dynasty)


poem quot

. The economy of Medzhybizh deteriorated because the railroad line bypassed the town to the south. The nearby town of Letychiv, however, flourished. In the late 1880s through World War I, Medzhybizh became a centre of military activity, housing an important garrison within its castle grounds. A commemorative plaque marks the place where the famous Ukrainian poet Taras Shevchenko stayed in October 1846 participating in an Archeological expedition. It is here that he composed his famous poem

"Rozryta mohyla" - ''The Ransacked Grave''. Soviet rule After the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution (Russian Revolution of 1917), the territory was occupied by German and Hungarian troops until the end of World War I. Medzhybizh was the scene of numerous pogroms during the Russian Civil War (Ukrainian Civil War) of 1919–1922. The town changed hands many times as different militia units from either the Bolsheviks, Ukrainian Nationalists, Poles, or Whites (White movement) gained


quot made

:'' Thomas Yoseloff, p. 183-184. Rabbi Nachman of Breslav (1772–1810), the Baal Shem Tov's great-grandson, was born in Medzhybizh but left at an early age. He became the founder of the Breslover (Breslov (Hasidic dynasty)) Hasidim. Another Hasidic leader, Rabbi Avraham Yehoshua Heshel of Apt (Opatów) (1748–1825) "The Apter Rov", made Medzhybizh his home from 1813 until his death in 1825. The Apter Rov is also buried in the old Jewish cemetery in Medzhybizh

Medzhybizh

'''Medzhybizh''', previously known as Mezhybozhe, population 1731, (Census 2001) ( ) is a town (Urban-type settlement) in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province (Oblast)) of western Ukraine. It is located in the Letychivsky Raion (district (Raion)), 25 kilometres from the Khmelnytskyi (Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine) on the main highway between Khmelnytskyi and Vinnytsia at the confluence of the Southern Buh and Buzhok rivers. Medzhybizh was once a prominent town in the former Podolia Province. Its name is derived from "mezhbuzhye", which means "between the Buzhenka (and the Buh (Southern Bug)) Rivers". It is known as the birthplace of the Jewish Hasidic (Hasidic Judaism) mystical religious movement.

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