the epithet "The Reggae Mecca of Scandinavia" by the Swedish National TV4 (TV4 (Sweden)), on the grounds that the festival then was the only festival in Scandinavia specifically dedicated to reggae. The third Uppsala Reggae Festival was awarded that year's cultural award by Swedish National Radio Broadcasting, and the fourth festival featured the largest reggae lineup ever to play in Scandinavia. Since 2002, the festival has been held in August each year in Uppsala, 70 km north
criticized his speech because it undermined a Mecca summit dedicated to showing Islam's moderate face.(DailyStar)(UN)business manufacturing feeds ap 2005 12 08 ap2379169.html (AP) (KUNA)
, No. 7, December 23, 1977 '''Hajj Heroes: return victorious!''' On September 10, 1978 in an address in Atlanta, Georgia he took the first steps toward separating his Ministry (Christian ministry) from the World Community of Al-Islam American Muslim Mission and expanding it to the broader Muslim and non Muslim peoples of the world by resigning as Chief Imam and appointing a six member council to lead the Community. Imam W. Deen Muhammad speaks form Harlem, N.Y. Book
from Mecca and Medina. D'Herelle used phages he collected from plague-infected rats during his 1920 visit to Indochina on human plague patients, with claimed success. The British Empire initiated a vast campaign against plague based on his results. 1927, d'Herelle himself changed his focus to new targets: India and cholera. Coins In 1925, transitional copper coins for ¼ and ½ ghirsh were minted in Mecca by `Abd al-`Azīz Āl Sa`ūd (Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia). These were
al-Ḥiǧāz '', literally "the barrier") is a region in the west of present-day Saudi Arabia. Defined primarily by its western border on the Red Sea, it extends from Haql on the Gulf of Aqaba to Jizan. Its main city is Jeddah, but it is probably better known for the Islamic holy cities of Mecca and Medina. As the site of Islam's holy places the Hejaz has significance in the Arab and Islamic historical and political landscape. The region is so
filming in Mecca but Warner Bros. initially refused to put up the money for location shooting. New Jersey was considered for filming the Mecca segments. In the end, Lee got money and permission together for filming in Mecca. The 1979 Revolution (Iranian Revolution) in Iran radically transformed the political landscape in the Middle East, as the hereditary monarchy of the Shah of Iran (Mohammad Reza Pahlavi) was deposed in favor of a Shi'a theocracy. In the same year, anti-monarchist dissidents in Saudi Arabia seized the Grand Mosque (Grand Mosque Seizure) in Mecca, and accused the Saudi royal family of being insufficiently Islamic and so unfit to rule the Kingdom. Fearing that the 1979 Revolution in Iran could lead to similar Islamic upheaval in Saudi Arabia, Fahd spent considerable sums after ascending the throne in 1982 to support Saddam Hussein's Iraq in its war with Iran. Obituary: King Fahd, ''BBC News'', 1 August 2005. Retrieved 10 June 2008. He also changed his royal title to "custodian of the two holy mosques" (Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques), and took steps to support the conservative Saudi religious establishment, including spending millions of dollars on religious education, further distancing himself from his inconvenient past. Wood, Paul. Life and legacy of King Fahd, ''BBC News'', 1 August 2005. Retrieved 10 June 2008. Representation of some genuine experience Even in that part of the book which might be supposed to represent some genuine experience there are the plainest traces that another work has been made use of, more or less - we might almost say as a framework to fill up. This is the itinerary of the German knight Wilhelm von Boldensele, written in 1336 at the desire of Cardinal Hélie de Talleyrand-Périgord (Hélie de Talleyrand-Périgord, Bishop of Auxerre). A cursory comparison of this with Mandeville leaves no doubt that the latter has followed its thread, though digressing on every side, and too often eliminating the singular good sense of the German traveller. We may indicate as examples Boidensele's account of Cyprus, of Tyre (Tyre, Lebanon) and the coast of Palestine, of the journey from Gaza to Egypt, passages about Babylon of Egypt (Babylon Fortress), about Mecca, the general account of Egypt, the pyramids (Giza pyramid complex), some of the wonders of Cairo, such as the slave-market, the chicken-hatching stoves, and the apples of paradise, i.e. plantains, the Red Sea, the convent on Sinai (Sinai Peninsula), the account of the church of the Holy Sepulchre, etc. * 620: Muhammad's night journey (Isra and Mi'raj to Jerusalem (Islamic sources) * 624: Jerusalem loses its place as the Qibla (focal point for Muslim prayers) to Mecca, 18 months after the Hijra (Hijra (Islam)) (Muhammad's migration to Medina) * c.625: According to Sahih al-Bukhari, Muhammad ordained the Al-Aqsa Mosque as one of the three holy mosques of Islam Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 21, Number 281: "Do not set out on a journey except for three Mosques i.e. Al-Masjid-AI-Haram, the Mosque of Allah's Apostle, and the Mosque of Al-Aqsa, (Mosque of Jerusalem)." * Embattled energy tycoon Mikhail Khodorkovsky has quit as CEO of Yukos. War on Terrorism : Saudi Arabian authorities have broken up, for the second time, a militant ring in Mecca amid a wide crackdown on Islamic extremists (Islamism). The police combated militants in the streets of the holy city of Mecca, killing two of the suspects and uncovering a large cache of weapons. The raid on two buildings in Mecca's al-Share'a neighborhood foiled a terrorist (terrorism) operation "that did not respect the sanctity of holy places and the month of Ramadan". Paul Bremer says that attacks on coalition forces in Iraq will get worse unless intelligence improves; he says several hundred terrorists have entered Iraq from neighbouring countries. Security officials in Saudi Arabia order 4600 extra troops into Mecca to provide increased security during Ramadan, saying that additional attacks could occur at any moment. Questions surround Yasser Arafat after further allegations about money moved out of the West Bank to secret bank accounts. highly publicized cases of deadly panic occurred during massive public events. The layout of Mecca was extensively redesigned by Saudi authorities in an attempt to eliminate frequent stampedes, which kill an average of 250 pilgrims every year.
thumb The route the pilgrim (File:Hajj1.gif)s take during the Hajj in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. The ''Hajj'' is a pilgrimage that occurs during the Islamic month (Islamic calendar) of Dhu al-Hijjah to the holy city of Mecca. Every able-bodied Muslim is obliged to make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime . Farah (1994), p.145-147<
?page freeway4 title Exclusive Hip Hop News, Audio, Lyrics, Videos, Honeys, Wear, Sneakers, Download Mixtapes publisher Hiphopgame.com date 2009-03-19 accessdate 2011-02-11 and released by Rhymesayers Entertainment. ''The Stimulus Package'' will be released February 16, 2010. ) refers to a clan within the Meccan (Mecca) tribe of Quraish (Quraysh (tribe)). The clan names itself
; however, it did have the support of a young lawyer from Bombay, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, who was later to rise to leadership roles in both the League and the Indian freedom movement. In later years, as the full ramifications of the pact unfolded, it was seen as benefiting the Muslim minority ''élites'' of provinces like UP and Bihar more than the Muslim majorities of Punjab and Bengal, nonetheless, at the time, the “Lucknow Pact,” was an important milestone
to make me work hard; if I didn't work he used to beat me and he used to work me to exhaustion." ''Al Farooq, Umar'', Muhammad Husayn Haykal.chapter no:1 page no:45 Early life Umar was born in Mecca to the Banu Adi clan, which was responsible for arbitrations among the tribes. His father was Khattab ibn Nufayl and his mother was Hantammah daughter of Hashaam. He was the cousin of Khalid ibn al-Walid, a general who would play an important role later
during his later political rule, Umar said, "My father Al-Khittab was a ruthless man. He used to make me work hard; if I didn't work he used to beat me and he used to work me to exhaustion." ''Al Farooq, Umar'', Muhammad Husayn Haykal.chapter no:1 page no:45 Muslims remained in peace in Medina for approximately a year before the Quraish raised an army to attack them. In 624 Umar participated in the first Battle between Muslims and Quraish of Mecca i.e
'''Mecca''' Rarely, Bakkah. ( above sea level. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the ''hajj'' ("pilgrimage") period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of ''Dhu al-Hijjah''.
As the birthplace of Muhammad and the site of Muhammad's first revelation (revelation) of the Quran (specifically, a Hira cave