Mauritius

What is Mauritius known for?


made regular

opening in 1910 In mid 1904 he was appointed as Governor of the Seychelles (List of Governors of the Seychelles), which had become a separate colony from Mauritius in 1903. On 21 October 1907 he married Margaret Agnes Feilding (Margaret Davidson), who was the daughter of General Sir Percy Feilding (Percy Feilding). As Governor Davidson involved himself in the development of the new colony and made regular visits throughout the colony to increase the visibility of his role. During his


business attacks

to business attacks on organized labour around the world. The WCL soon obtained consultative status within the International Labour Organisation and joined the International Council of the World Social Forum. In 1860 the 2nd Battalion was sent to the Mauritius where it spent 5 years, after which it left for Burma and then to the Andaman Islands in 1867. Two years later it was based on the Indian (British India) mainland. It returned


acting high

, he obtained MacGregor's services as chief medical officer of Fiji. There he had to grapple with a terrible epidemic of measles, which resulted in the death of 50,000 natives. In 1877 he was made receiver-general and subsequently a variety of other offices was added, including the colonial secretaryship. On more than one occasion he acted as governor, and was also acting high commissioner and consul-general for the western Pacific. In 1884 the ship ''Syria'', with coolies for Fiji, ran ashore about 15 miles from Suva. MacGregor organized a relief expedition and personally saved several lives; his report made no mention of his own deeds, but they could not remain hidden, and he was given the Albert Medal (Albert Medal (lifesaving)), and the Clarke gold medal of the Royal Humane Society of Australasia for saving life at sea. In January 1886 he represented Fiji at the meeting of the federal council of Australasia held at Hobart. In 2002 Mtunzini became a landing point for the SAFE (SAFE (cable system)) state of the art Optical fiber Submarine communications cable, linking Melkbosstrand to the West with Saint Paul (Réunion), Baie Jacotet (Mauritius), Cochin (India) and Penang (Malaysia). '''Cargados Carajos Shoals''' (also known as the '''Saint Brandon Rocks''') are a group of about 16 small islands and islets on an extended reef in the Indian Ocean northeast of Mauritius. The islands have a total land area of 1.3 km². The reef measures more than 50 km from north to south, and is 5 km wide, cut by three passes. The reef area is 190 km². The islands have a small transient population, mostly fishermen, 63 in number on census night (Census of 2000). http: www.gov.mu portal sites ncb cso report hpcen00 disa intro.htm They are rich in flora and fauna. The islands are classified as a dependency of Mauritius, which is more than 300 km south, and are administered from Port Louis. The islands are part of the Mascarene Islands. The islands are covered with white granular sand from eroded coral, and a thick layer of guano can be found in most places. Sea turtles take advantage of the low population of the islands and lay eggs on their beaches. It's problematic how long this refuge will exist without international protection, as the Mauritius economy is among the fastest growing on earth. The price of sugar (Mauritius's main crop, introduced by the French; it represents 17% of Mauritius's exports) is dropping and tourism is filling the economic gap. History This atoll was settled in the last half of the 18th century by coconut plantation workers from Mauritius (then known as Île de France). Little is known about the condition of the workers who were mostly of African (African diaspora) origin. Most probably they lived in conditions close to slavery. The company exploiting the plantation was called the Chagos Agalega Company. The influence of Bihari music in seen in regions such as Mauritius, South Africa and the Caribbean, where a large of Bihari indentured labourers were taken as coolies during the nineteenth century as well as Pakistan and Bangladesh where many Bihari Muslims migrated to after the partition of India. '''Navinchandra Ramgoolam''' http: www.gov.mu portal site pmsite menuitem.482a84fe37e55503040d013400b521ca , GCSK (Order of the Star and Key of the Indian Ocean), FRCP (Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians), MP (Member of Parliament) (born नवीन चन्‍द्र रामगुलाम on 14 July 1947) is a Mauritian (Mauritius) politician who has been Prime Minister of Mauritius since 2005; previously he was Prime Minister from 1995 to 2000. He also serves as Minister of Defence, Home Affairs and External Communications, as well as Leader of the National Assembly (National_Assembly_of_Mauritius). Being the leader of the Mauritian Labour Party, he serves as Member of Parliament for constituency No. 5 Triolet & Pamplemousses (Triolet, Mauritius) since 1991. The first real standard design came in 1859 with the First National Standard box. Commons:Category:Mauritius WikiPedia:Mauritius Dmoz:Regional Africa Mauritius


called natural

sugar. So-called '''raw sugars (Natural brown sugar)''' comprise yellow to brown sugars made by clarifying the source syrup by boiling and drying with heat, until it becomes a crystalline solid, with minimal chemical processing. Raw beet sugars result from the processing of sugar beet juice, but only as intermediates ''en route'' to white sugar. Types of raw sugar include ''demerara'', ''muscovado'', and ''turbinado''. Mauritius and Malawi export


modern open

-detaillees cnat-region pib_reg.xls title Produits Intérieurs Bruts Régionaux en euros par habitant author Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques format XLS accessdate 2008-12-10 The total GDP of the island was US$18.8 billion in 2007. As of 2001, there were 300,000 main-line telephones and, in 2005, there were 610,000 mobile phones. The telephone system has its centre in Saint-Denis, and the domestic telephone system uses a modern

open wire and microwave relay network. The international system employs a radiotelephone system, with connections to Comoros, France and Madagascar. A new microwave relay station to Mauritius is also in use, along with one Intelsat satellite-earth station. After Trafalgar, large-scale fighting at sea was limited to the destruction of small, fugitive French squadrons and amphibious operations which again captured the colonies which had been restored at Amiens, along with France's Indian Ocean base at Mauritius. Parkinson, pp. 114, 117–8, 131–40; Rodger, ''Command'', pp. 542–3, 545–8, 555–7 In 1807 French plans to seize the Danish fleet led to a pre-emptive British attack on Copenhagen, resulting in the surrender of the entire Danish navy. Parkinson, pp. 120–1; Rodger, ''Command'', p. 549 The impressment of British and American sailors from American ships contributed to the outbreak of the War of 1812 (1812–1814) against the United States, in which the naval fighting was largely confined to commerce raiding and single-ship actions. Rodger, ''Command'', pp. 564–72 The brief renewal of war after Napoleon's return to power in 1815 did not bring a resumption of naval combat. Rodger, ''Command'', p. 562 Other nearby island countries and territories include Zanzibar to the west, Mauritius, Rodrigues, Agalega and Réunion to the south, Comoros and Mayotte to the southwest. Seychelles, with an estimated population of 86,525, has the smallest population of any African state (List of countries by population). Commons:Category:Mauritius WikiPedia:Mauritius Dmoz:Regional Africa Mauritius


international brand

the sweltering summer heat. Try visiting the '''Medine Estate Refinery''' shop at Bambous (4 km from Flic en Flac), on the west of the Island, for a wide variety of locally produced rums and liquors. Sleep There are many international brand hotels in Mauritius but there are some luxurious hotels which are owned by Mauritian companies as well. An increasing trend is for tourists to chose self catered bungalows and apartments, many of them located directly on the beach. . There are also possibilities for foreigners to buy villas (many of them in compound located directly on the beach) in Mauritius through the IRS or RES Scheme. Stay safe The crime rate has decreased in recent years and Mauritius is a much safer country for visitors than most other destinations. The Tourism Police and Coast Guards patrol regularly in areas frequented by tourists, and most cities, beaches and other major attractions are under camera surveillance. Nevertheless, you should exercise common sense and look out for suspicious behaviour, as you would anywhere in the world as tourist are usually more vulnerable to theft. Be a smart traveller. Before your trip: Organize comprehensive travel insurance and check what circumstances and activities are not covered by your policy. Register your travel and contact details, so that you can be contacted in an emergency. Some advice: * Secure your valuables materials. * Littering of waste and smoking in public places, renting unlicensed taxis are severely fined by the police and gross misconduct may also be entitled to jail. * Respect others and avoid dispute. * If you are a victim of any crime, report it to the police right away. Stay healthy Mauritius is a risk area for infection with dengue fever (also known as "breakbone fever" from the muscular paroxysms sometimes induced). No vaccine is available. However no cases of dengue fever have been recorded in the country for several years now. Since 2005 during the high season a certain type of mosquito called the Aedes albopictus causes the viral illness Chikungunya and the insect is more likely to be around in the daytime. It is important to use anti-mosquito protection at all times. Mosquitoes are more prevalent in rural areas but they can also inhabit the beach in the tourist zone and may lead to swollen joints and or rashes. Symptoms last from one week up to several months depending how seriously you are affected. Some people recover quickly but it can take several months to recover completely. It shouldn't put you off visiting Mauritius. Just take good care to cover yourself completely in the best mosquito repellent you can find and re-apply again after swimming. Sleep under a mosquito net. Spray the bedroom well before going to bed with a good repellent and take an electric repellent to plug into the power supply. You can buy plenty of repellents of all types locally in Mauritius quite cheaply including bracelets for kids. Here is a website with comprehensive information on the Chikungunya virus - Health Protection Surveillance Centre’s website: 1991 86% of the population had antibodies indicating that they had been exposed to the hepatitis A virus, following an epidemic of the disease in 1989. Hepatitis A vaccination is generally recommended for travel in East Africa (and most other places) by the CDC. Depending on the time of the year, many of the beaches are infested with sea urchins, and it is not uncommon to see broken glass on the beach or in the water. It is a very good idea to either buy or bring plastic wet shoes when venturing into the water. This is generally not a problem at the big hotels as the designated swimming areas on the beaches are regularly cleaned of urchins and debris. Use wet shoes nonetheless. Reef fish in Mauritius have been found to contain a neurotoxin similar, but not identical, to that found in Caribbean reef fish. It is important not to eat peanuts or take alcohol if you eat coral or reef fish like sea bass, snapper, mullet, grouper, there are many more. The fish eat the toxic algae that grows on the coral reefs. Don't eat intestines or testes of the fish as higher concentrations of the toxin collect here. The symptoms include gastrointestinal upset, vomiting and diarrhea and sometimes numb feelings of the arms and legs. Telephone numbers * Commons:Category:Mauritius WikiPedia:Mauritius Dmoz:Regional Africa Mauritius


influential family

the vegetation in that area closely trimmed. They seem to prefer new growth rather than mature growth because of the high-protein, low-fiber content. These tortoises are, however, endangered (endangered species), mainly because of the destruction of their habitat by humans and because of poaching. Early life France Antelme was born on March 12, 1900, in Curepipe, Mauritius, to an influential family of planters and politicians. After attending


period annual

it represents a humanism of diversity (Multiculturalism). Overview Since independence in 1968, Mauritius has developed from a low-income, agriculturally based economy to a middle-income diversified economy with growing industrial, financial, and tourist sectors. For most of the period, annual growth has been in the order of 5% to 6%. This compares very favourably with other sub-Saharan African countries and is largely due to sustained progress in economic conditions; between


largest food

, a former Magistrate of Mauritius, and wife Marie-Louise Carcenac (1817–1857), daughter of Pierre Carcenac (1771–1819) and wife Marie Françoise Dessachis. Eleven of her twelve children with de Lesseps survived their father: Amul is the largest food brand in India and world's largest pouched milk brand with an annual turnover of US $2.2 billion (2010-11). Amul's sales turnover Currently Unions making up GCMMF have 3.1 million producer members with milk collection average of 9.10 million litres per day. Besides India, Amul has entered overseas markets such as Mauritius, UAE, USA, Oman, Bangladesh, Australia, China, Singapore, Hong Kong and a few South African countries. Its bid to enter Japanese (Japanese people) market in 1994 did not succeed, but it plans to venture again. Amul hopes to flow into Japanese market In November 1642, headed east from Mauritius on latitude 44 (44th parallel north) and missing the south coast of Australia, Tasman sighted land (the west coast of the island of Tasmania), and followed the southern coastline around to the east coast. Tasman sent a party ashore at Blackman Bay, on the Tasman Peninsula, who planted a flag and encountered a few of the native inhabitants. Believing he had found a large territory, Tasman named it Van Diemen's Land in honour of his patron. The name "Van Diemen's Land" name was retained when British settlement began there in 1803. It became a byword for horror in England because of the severity of its convict settlements such as Port Arthur (Port Arthur, Tasmania) and Macquarie Harbour (Macquarie Harbour Penal Station). The name had acquired such odium that when it became a self-governing colony in 1855, one of the first acts of the new legislature was to change its name to Tasmania. "Tasmania is preferred, because 'Van Diemen's Land' is associated among all nations with bondage and guilt"John West remarked at the opening of his ''History of Tasmania'' (Launceston: Dowling) 1852, vol I:4). But the old name lingered for many years—Tasmanians were referred to as Vandemonians until the turn of the century. Van Diemen is also commemorated in Van Diemen Gulf on the coast of northern Australia. In addition to the natural expansion of its range, Cattle Egrets have been introduced (introduced species) into a few areas. The species was introduced to Hawaii in 1959, and to the Chagos Archipelago in 1955. Successful releases were also made in the Seychelles and Rodrigues (Rodrigues (island)), but attempts to introduce the species to Mauritius failed. Numerous birds were also released by Whipsnade Zoo in England, but the species was never established. Commons:Category:Mauritius WikiPedia:Mauritius Dmoz:Regional Africa Mauritius


year collaboration

. Commercial breakthrough In 1990, Toby met Mauritian (Mauritius) singer Jacqueline Nemorin. This became the beginning of a 10-year collaboration between the two. Together with Farian, Toby produced Nemorin’s first album “The Creole Dance” on BMG. Charles E. Johnson (Chuck) is the founder and Managing General Partner of Tano Capital, a California-based family office and alternative asset management firm, with offices in Singapore, Shanghai, Mumbai, Mauritius and San Francisco Bay Area. * In Pristina, Kosovo, three bombs explode almost at the same time 9:30 PM. They explode near Kosovo's parliament building and EAR (European Agency for Reconstruction) building; at the Commercial Bank near the OSCE (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe) building; and local United Nations peacekeeping headquarters. No injuries are reported. President Ibrahim Rugova and prime minister Bajram Kosumi state that the explosions were intended to "destabilize" the region prior to assessment of possibilities for future independence. (B92) (Reuters AlertNet) * In Mauritius, parliamentary elections (Elections in Mauritius) begin. The main rivals are prime minister Paul Bérenger of the Mauritian Militant Movement and Navin Ramgoolam of the opposition Social Alliance. (IOL) (BBC) * In Malaysia, medical experts gather in a bird flu (H5N1) conference in Kuala Lumpur. (Channel News Asia) (BBC) Military career Staveley was born in York, the son of William Staveley and Henrietta Henderson. He entered the British Army in 1798 as an ensign. Staveley fought in several conflicts in the Peninsular War (Battle of Talavera, Battle of Fuentes de Onoro, Battle of Vittoria, Battle of the Pyrenees, Battle of Toulouse (Battle of Toulouse (1814)), Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo (Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo (1810)) and Battle of Badajoz (Battle of Badajoz (1812)) and many other minor actions). He went to Mauritius in 1821 and served in various roles (deputy quartermaster-general and commandant of Port Louis) before becoming Commander and Lieutenant Governor of Hong Kong (Commander British Forces in Hong Kong) in 1847. The evolutionarily famous dodo (''Raphus cucullatus'') is a now-extinct bird that lived on the Island of Mauritius, which is approximately 500 miles east of Madagascar. When Portuguese (Portugal) sailors arrived on the island, the possible combination of over-hunting and introduction of new predators (i.e. pigs, macaques) seems to have led to its extinction by approximately 1700. Due to its lack of fear of humans and inability to fly, the dodo was easy prey, and thus became known for its apparent stupidity. At the 2001 African Junior Championships (African Junior Athletics Championships) in Mauritius he competed at 5000 and 10000 metres, finishing 1st and 2nd, respectively. Two years later the championships were held in Cameroon, and he won both events. At the 2003 All-Africa Games (Athletics at the 2003 All-Africa Games) he finished 4th in 10000 metres and 6th in 5000 metres. At the 2003 World Championships (2003 World Championships in Athletics) in Paris he missed the 5000 metres final. However, he managed to win a bronze medal in the 10,000 m at the 2003 Afro-Asian Games (Athletics at the 2003 Afro-Asian Games). British colonial era Thurston states during his time(1909),The Paraiyars are very largely employed as domestic servants by Europeans and the Christian Paraiyas had become ' Native Christian ' caste, and achieved University honours, the wearing of the surplice, and the rod of the pedagogue, Thurston (1909), Vol. VI, pp. 114. and a number of them emigrated to Ceylon, Mauritius, South Africa, the West Indies, the Straits Settlements (Straits Settlements), and to Fiji. Thurston (1909), Vol. VI, pp. 89. Paraiyars as a Disinherited sons Since then, Spur has grown into an international restaurant chain with 240 South African and 29 international outlets, including restaurants in Australia, Botswana, Ireland, Kenya, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, and Zimbabwe. The '''Tamil people''' are an ethnic group from South Asia with a recorded history going back almost two millennia. The oldest Tamil communities are those of southern India and north-eastern Sri Lanka. In addition, there are also a number of Tamil emigrant communities scattered around the world, especially in Malaysia, Singapore, Fiji, Mauritius, and South Africa, with more recent emigrants also found in Australia, Canada, and parts of Europe. Commons:Category:Mauritius WikiPedia:Mauritius Dmoz:Regional Africa Mauritius

Mauritius

'''Mauritius''' ( southwest, form part of the Mascarene Islands. The area of the country is 2,040 km 2 . The capital and largest city is Port Louis.

Mauritius claims sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago (United Kingdom) and Tromelin Island (France). The United Kingdom excised the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritian territory prior to Mauritian independence in 1965. The UK gradually depopulated the archipelago's indigenous population (Depopulation of Diego Garcia) and leased its biggest island, Diego Garcia, to the United States. The US soon thereafter established a military base on Diego Garcia.

The island of Mauritius was visited during the medieval period by the Arabs (Arab people) and then by the Portuguese (Kingdom of Portugal), who named it ''Dina Arobi'' and ''Cirne'', respectively. The island was uninhabited until the Dutch Republic established a colony in 1638, with the Dutch naming the island after Prince Maurice van Nassau (Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange). The Dutch colony was abandoned in 1710, and, five years later, the island became a French colony and was named Isle de France (Isle de France (Mauritius)). Due to its strategic position, Mauritius was known as the "star and key" of the Indian Ocean.

Mauritius became an important base on the trade routes from Europe to the East before the opening of the Suez Canal and was involved in the power struggle between the French and the British. The French won the Battle of Grand Port, their only naval victory over the British during these wars, but they could not prevent the British from landing (Invasion of Isle de France) at Cap Malheureux three months later, and formally surrendered on the fifth day of the invasion, 3 December 1810, on terms allowing settlers to keep their land and property, the use of the French language, and the law of France in criminal and civil matters. Under British rule, the island's name reverted to Mauritius. The country became an independent state on 12 March 1968, following the adoption of a new constitution (Constitution of Mauritius) and became a republic in 1992 within the Commonwealth (Commonwealth of Nations).

The people of Mauritius (Mauritians) are multiethnic (Multiracial) and multicultural (Multiculturalism). Most Mauritians are multilingual; Mauritian Creole, English, French, and Asian languages are used. The island's government is closely modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system, and Mauritius is highly ranked for democracy (Democracy Index) and for economic (List of countries by economic freedom) and political freedom (Freedom in the World). Along with the other Mascarene Islands, Mauritius is known for its varied flora and fauna (Wildlife of Mauritius), with many species endemic (Endemism) to the island. The island is widely known as the only known home of the dodo, which, along with several other avian species, was made extinct by human activities relatively shortly after the island's settlement.

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