Mauritius

What is Mauritius known for?


made large

in that it is generally thinner and larger. In Trinidad and Tobago there are two ways of having paratha the first is made large and can be eaten hot of the tawa, this is the common home version. The most popular is commonly called "buss up shot", an onomatopoeia referring to the method of making it; generally this involves the finished, hot roti being struck to break it up into smaller strip-like pieces. "Burst-up shirt" is a misnomer used by people unfamiliar with the local Trinidadian


song number

, ''Renommée'' struck after her mainsail was set on fire. The British captured ''Néréide'' five days later at Tamatave, Madagascar. ''Clorinde'' escaped. The entire film was shot in nine and half months with a substantial part of it shot in Mauritius. During the bicycle sequence in the "Yeh Ladki Hai Deewana" song number, Kajol lost control of her bike, fell flat on her face and was knocked unconscious while also injuring her knee. Years later while


winning numerous

Commons:Category:Mauritius WikiPedia:Mauritius Dmoz:Regional Africa Mauritius


food called

, Spain, the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Senegal, Mauritius, Madagascar, Lebanon, and Jordan. It ceased to operate as a worldwide brand on June 1, 2006, when it was replaced by Orange (Orange SA). African and Afro-Caribbean In South Africa, cornmeal mush is a staple food called mealie (Mielie-meal) pap (pap (food)); elsewhere in Southern Africa it is called phutu-(pap) or is'tshwala. It is similar


beautiful drawings

''), illustrated by many beautiful drawings. Other books followed : " ''Mélanges de botanique et de voyages'' " and " ''Histoire particulière des plantes orchidées recueillies dans les trois îles australes de France, de Bourbon et de Madagascar'' " ( L'île de France is the present island of Mauritius and L'île de Bourbon is the present La Réunion). He did pioneering botanical work by his descriptions of orchids from this region : 52 species from Mauritius and 55 from La


previous knowledge

Almirante" (Admiral Islands). Previous knowledge of the islands by Arab and Indian traders is possible. Along with the Seychelles, the islands were first claimed by France in 1742. Formal possession was asserted in 1756. By the Treaty of Paris (1814), the islands were passed officially to the British, as a part of Mauritius. In 1909, the Seychelles became a separate colony, thereby including the Amirantes. On November 8, 1965, the United Kingdom split Île Desroches from the Seychelles to become part of the newly created British Indian Ocean Territory. The purpose was to allow the construction of military facilities for the mutual benefit of the United Kingdom and the United States. On June 23, 1976, Île Desroches was returned to the Seychelles as a result of it attaining independence. Desroches has been named after the Chevalier des Roches, the Governor of Mauritius (then Île de France) and Réunion (then Bourbon) from 1767 to 1772. It was explored by the Chevalier de la Billioère in 1771. Poivre was named in 1771 by Chevalier de la Biollière after Pierre Poivre, the famous "Peter Pepper" and Intendant of Mauritius (then Île de France) and Réunion (then Bourbon) from 1769 to 1772. * 20 August - The Israeli government (Israel) informs the United Nations Special Committee on Apartheid that it has taken all necessary steps to ensure that no arms, ammunition, or strategic materials may be exported from Israel to South Africa in any form, directly or indirectly ** Mauritius bars South Africa and Portugal from her sea and airports Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited (MTML) MTNL has set up its 100% subsidiary, Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited. (MTML) in Mauritius, for providing basic, mobile (mobile phone) and international long distance services as second operator in Mauritius. Necessary licenses were obtained in January 2004. MTML has already started its ILD (Internet Listing Display) & CDMA based basic services in Mauritius. In Mauritius, 44,312 telephone connections are operational from a total switching capacity of 50,000. Moreover, through joint ventures with local telecommunications providers, MTML plans to offer Internet access through its wireless network by February 2007. Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited (MTML) MTNL has set up its 100% subsidiary, Mahanagar Telephone Mauritius Limited. (MTML) in Mauritius, for providing basic, mobile (mobile phone) and international long distance services as second operator in Mauritius. Necessary licenses were obtained in January 2004. MTML has already started its ILD (Internet Listing Display) & CDMA based basic services in Mauritius. In Mauritius, 44,312 telephone connections are operational from a total switching capacity of 50,000. Moreover, through joint ventures with local telecommunications providers, MTML plans to offer Internet access through its wireless network by February 2007. Early career and priesthood Maurice Couve de Murville was born in Saint-Germain-en-Laye, west of Paris, into a distinguished French family originally from Mauritius. He was a cousin and namesake of Maurice Couve de Murville (1907–1999), a French politician in the Huguenot branch of the family, who served as Foreign Minister (1958–1968) and briefly Prime Minister (Prime Minister of France) under General Charles de Gaulle. In 1936, his father took him from France along with his mother and twin brothers to settle at Leatherhead in Surrey, at the age of 7. His mother died in 1945 in England. She was buried alongside other Souchon family members in Effingham, Surrey. thumb Saya de Malha and Nazareth Bank (File:Nazareth Bank-1794 Samuel Dunn Wall Map of the World in Hemispheres - Geographicus - World2-dunn-1794.jpg) on 1794 Samuel Dunn map section The '''Saya de Malha Bank''' (also Sahia de Malha Bank, Modern Portuguese: ''saia de malha'', English ''mesh skirt'') is the largest submerged bank (bank (topography)) in the World, part of the vast undersea Mascarene Plateau. It lies east of Madagascar, southeast of the Seychelles, and north of the Nazareth Bank, the Cargados Carajos shoals, and the island of Mauritius, and currently falls mostly under International waters. The closest land is the tiny Agalega Islands (a remote dependency of Mauritius), some Commons:Category:Mauritius WikiPedia:Mauritius Dmoz:Regional Africa Mauritius


scale fighting

open wire and microwave relay network. The international system employs a radiotelephone system, with connections to Comoros, France and Madagascar. A new microwave relay station to Mauritius is also in use, along with one Intelsat satellite-earth station. After Trafalgar, large-scale fighting at sea was limited to the destruction of small, fugitive French squadrons and amphibious operations which again captured the colonies which had been restored at Amiens


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Archive ) Kulula.com. Retrieved on 6 February 2011. "Physical address Cnr. 1 Marignane Drive and Atlas Road Bonaero Park 1619 South Africa " Switzerland and Mauritius have ratified the convention, while it has been signed (but not ratified) by the United States. In addition, the European Commission recommended in July 2006 that its member


historic range

Dugongs are found in warm coastal waters from the western Pacific Ocean to the eastern coast of Africa, along an estimated of coastline between 26° and 27° degrees to the north and south of the equator. Their historic range is believed to correspond to that of seagrasses from the Potamogetonaceae and Hydrocharitaceae families. The full size of the former range is unknown, although


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situated at the heart of an ancient sugar mill. Discover the history of Mauritius and its sugarcane adventure exposed over 5,000m². Souvenirs, tasting of special unrefined sugars as well as local rum. Do thumb right Climbing Le Pouce (Image:Le_Pouce,_Mauritius.jpg) *'''Views''' — For a spectacular 360⁰ view of Port Louis and the north, climb Le Pouce or ‘the thumb', at 812 m (2,664 ft). It is an easy 2h climb from the village of Petit Verger (near St. Pierre), and takes another 2 hr to walk into Port Louis (map). The top of Signal Mountain also offers a spectacular view of Port Louis and the North. It is much easier to climb Signal Mountain from Labourdonnais Street as there is a tarred jogging track and it takes around 45 minutes to walk to the top. Starting from Saint Louis is also possible. *'''Tour the Moka mountains''' — by quad bike, horse or 4-wheel drive at the accessible 1,500-hectare (3,700-acre) nature park of Domaine Les Pailles. Travel to the sugar mill and rum distillery by train or horse-drawn carriage before dining in one of four restaurants. *'''Deep sea fishing''' — Mauritius is ideally positioned for game-fishing. Depending on the time of year it is possible to catch blue or black marlin, sailfish, wahoo, yellow fin tuna, giant trevally, dogtooth tuna, bonito, dolphinfish, sharks and many more. The majority of the big game fishing boats are well equipped with VHF radio, mobile telephone, GPS navigation system, radar, radio telephone, safety equipment, Penn International reels, life jackets, medical kits, fire extinguishers, flares, and all related fishing equipment such as fighting chairs and rods (usually 9). You can choose between half day and full day fishing trips . Big game fishing is best on the west coast of Mauritius because the currents swirl around the foot of Le Morne, creating a marine environment attractive to bait fish, which in turn attracts the larger fish. Boats usually accommodate up to 5 anglers and full day trips typically include both breakfast and lunch in the price. *Head to '''Grand Baie''' — For watersports such as parasailing, an underwater walk, submarine and semi-submersible scooters, or to La Cuvette, a long beach with clear water between Grand Baie and Cap Malheureux, for sailing, windsurfing and waterskiing. *'''Safari jeep trips''' — The Safari Jeep trip takes place in Yemen natural reserve park on the West Coast of Mauritius. It hosts two of the longest rivers on the island – Rivière Rempart and Tamarin River – and is a haven for all sorts of native and exotic wildlife. The actual size of this natural reserve is of around 4,500 hectares. The Yemen Park is the setting for Safari trips where you will have a thrilling ride and will be able to see many beautiful animals such as Zebras, ostriches, African antelopes, Java deer, monkeys, ducks and geese, and will see extraordinary panoramic views of this breathtaking part of the island. *'''Safari quad biking trips''' — Experience an adventurous Quad biking activity in the most amazing natural setting! quad-biking activity in the 4,500 hectares of Yemen natural reserve park. More than a quad bike outing, it is a trip through a real safari. During the trip it is possible to see deers, zebras, ostriches, African antelopes, wild boars and many more; this a very big added bonus to this activity *'''Swim''' — At the northern beaches such as Trou aux Biches, shaded by casuarinas, Mont Choisy, a 2 km (1.2 mi) narrow white stretch of sand curving north from there, and Péreybère, a little cove between Grand Baie and Cap Malheureux. thumb right Glass bottomed boat in Grand Bay (Image:View_from_the_bottom_of_the_boat_Grand_Baie.JPG) *'''Scuba diving''' — When you dive in Mauritius you can explore coral reefs, multi-colored marine life, ship wrecks dating back to the 18th and 19th centuries, or some ships sunk more recently which create beautiful artificial reefs. There are numerous dive sites strewn all around the island. One of the well-known and popular dive sites in Mauritius is the Cathedral, which is located off the Flic en Flac on the western coast of Mauritius. Other dive sites in Mauritius include the Whale Rock and Roche Zozo that is an underwater rock pinnacle, and the submerged crater near Ile Ronde. Mauritius is almost completely encircled by a barrier coral reef which is home to many sponges, sea anemones and a variety of brightly colored fish such as Damselfish, Trumpet fish, Boxfish and clown fish, as well as the orange Mauritian scorpionfish. Most of the dive sites are located on the west coast around Flic-en-Flac or in the north, at Trou aux Biches or at the Northern Islands. The best time to go diving is from November to April with very good visibility underwater. The Mauritius Scuba Diving Association (MSDA) can provide further information. *'''Watch dolphins''' — Up-close in their natural habitat off the western coast (Tamarin) of the island. *'''Speedboat''' — Rides are available from Trou d'eau Douce to the popular island playground of Ile aux Cerfs for beaches, golf and watersports. Or, for a quieter day, a catamaran to the Northern Islands - Gabriel Island, Flat Island and Gunner's Quoin. *'''Hiking and trekking''' — In Mauritius with breathtaking views of mountains, rivers, and forests. Enjoy a hiking trip through the fields, trekking on a zip line or on a bike, and discover this magnificent nature paradise Mauritius being a volcanic island has several breathtaking summits and valleys to explore on foot. You can visit the Black River Gorges National Park, a 6,794-hectare (16,788-acre) forest, to see indigenous plants, birds and wildlife. Black River Peak trail goes to Mauritius' highest mountain, while the Maccabee Trail starts nearby and plunges into the gorge to Black River. *'''Tandem skydiving''' — Experience a 10,000 ft skydive in Mauritius. Enjoy a spectacular scenic flight and a visually awesome tandem skydive. Tandem skydiving refers to a type of skydiving where a student skydiver is connected via a harness to a tandem instructor. The instructor guides the student through the whole jump from exit through freefall, piloting the canopy, and landing. The student needs only minimal instruction before making a tandem jump. *'''Horse racing''' — The Mauritius horse racing club commonly called the Champ de Mars was founded in 1812, making it the oldest horse-racing club in the Southern Hemisphere. Horse racing is the most popular sport in Mauritius, and you can expect to have about 30,000 visitors on each race day. The horse racing season usually starts in April and ends in late November. There are an average of 9 and a maximum of 12 horses per race. On average some 60 horses participate on each racing day. It is highly recommended to go and experience the electric atmosphere of horse racing in Mauritius. For those interested it is also possible have a VIP treatment in one of the VIP suites while enjoying snacks and drinks and a clear view of the race from your private balcony *'''Parasailing''' — For those looking for a fun sea-air activity, you can try parasailing. You will be rewarded with a breathtaking bird's eye view of the beautiful lagoon and beaches. The parasailing begins with a short safety briefing. Then you will be taken by boat to the launch pod where you will take off and start the parasailing. No steering is actually necessary as the sail follows the course of the boat *'''Water ski''' — Water-skiing is one of the most popular water sports in Mauritius. You can enjoy water skiing along several of Mauritius’ coasts or in a few of the lakes. The best area for water skiing is considered to be the north area of the island, along the coasts, where the lagoon provides full protection from the big waves of the open sea and offers ideal water skiing conditions of very calm sea *'''Watch dolphins''' — Go on a speed boat trip and watch dolphins in the open sea. You can choose between 2 hr trip, half day and full day trips where you will get to watch with the bottlenose dolphin and the spinner dolphin, which have made of the West Coast of Mauritius a place for them to rest before going to the deep sea for their fishing. *'''Walk with lions & cheetahs''' — Experience a one-on-one encounter with lions and cheetahs. Feel the adrenaline rush, the sense of excitement and know how it is to be so close to these amazing creatures. From the moment you meet the lions, your adventure shall begin. Under the coolness of the trees you can take pleasure in viewing the lions from very close, see them playing and hopping on the rocks of the river banks and scaling the trees. The lions roam freely amongst the participants giving them the unique opportunity of being in close contact with them. *'''Blue safari submarine''' — See the wonderful underwater tropical fish without even getting your feet wet. Going underwater to 35 m depth on board of a real submarine. You will get to visit a shipwreck, explore the rich coral reefs, and observe and encounter various species of fish. The submarine is air-conditioned with fully transparent-glassed cabin so you will enjoy exceptionally clear panoramic views of the extraordinary underwater world. At 35 m undersea, you may see some rare species and will explore the underwater world just like on any other traditional safari. *'''Underwater submarine scooter adventure''' — Pilot your own underwater scooter by yourself or as a couple to 3-4 m depth in full safety. Comfortably seated one behind the other, you breath freely and naturally in a broad common, transparent and panoramic cupola which allow you to discover and to enjoy full the view of the reef and marine life, while communicating all along with your partner. You will receive full briefing about the easy control of the underwater scooter, and will be equipped with a diving suit for warmth and full safety *'''Sea kayaking''' — A great way to explore the fine greenery of the lagoons, or the open waters of the Indian Ocean. It is possible to find wide range of sea kayaking trips and packages from breezy, calmer routes, to a few days trip surrounding the island in the deep ocean waters. This is also possible to have a kayak trip to any of the small islets surrounding the main island such as Ile D'Ambre Island. *'''Rock climbing''' — Rock climbing on the South West coast of Mauritius. You will get to experience rock climbing in a beautiful setting Of the Belle Vue Cliffs, where the caves of "La Pointe aux Caves" are nestled and in close proximity from the famous lighthouse of Albion. This a great outdoor sport where you will learn the basic techniques of knots, safe climbing and rock progression from Mauritius’ top professional guides. As part of rock climbing excursion you will be trained on some breathing exercises to maximize climbing performance over rock faces and cliffs *'''Canyoning''' — For those seeking more adrenalin and thrill, canyoning is your ideal excursion, which challenges you to abseil down the steep walls of the canyons using nature watercourses and canyoning gear. The canyoning is offered in few locations in Mauritius. The canyoning (known also as canyoneering) in Mauritius consists of travelling in canyons using a variety of techniques that may include walking, climbing, jumping, abseiling, and or swimming *'''Rodrigues island''' — Tiny, rugged, volcanic it lies 550 km (340 mi) northeast of Mauritius and is known as the ‘anti-stress' island. The capital, Port Mathurin, is only seven streets wide, with a Creole population. Rodrigues offers walking, diving, kitesurfing and deep sea fishing. *'''Tamarind waterfalls''' — The Tamarind Falls (''also known as Tamarin Falls'') are a beautiful attraction of the southwest of Mauritius. These falls are awkward to reach, but no doubt, it's worth the effort. Tamarind Falls on the Interior portion of the island is an incredible string of about 7 waterfalls surrounds by green mountains and is tucked away beyond a sugar cane filled. Bring something to swim in as there are numerous pools beneath certain falls to take a dip in. There are some spots that require getting a little dirty and some traction on your shoes, but it is well worth it. First time visitors would be advised not to go unguided. No doubt this is one of the most beautiful and calmest places in Mauritius, and one of the best places for nature and animals lovers, and for finding exotic plants and birds. *'''La Vanille Réserve des Mascareignes''' — The park which is home to various species of animals, reptiles and plants is set in a beautiful rain forested valley with natural freshwater springs, full of prawns and fish. It is commonly referred to as ‘The Crocodile Park', for its thousands of Nile crocodiles. It is the only place worldwide to breed aldabra tortoises. There is also a mini zoo of Mauritian fauna where you can find most of the Mauritian mammals and reptiles including skinks, phelsumas (geckos), tortoises, turtles, bats, deer, mongooses, monkeys, pigs, as well as domestic livestock such as goats, fat-tailed sheep and donkeys. At the park shop, you'll find crocodile belts and other crocodile goods. Buy Money The Mauritian rupee (French: ''roupie mauricienne'') has been in use since 1877 and we use the ISO 4217 international currency code of '''MUR''' placed before the amount in all our articles. However, when you're shopping locally, you may also see the ₨ sign, both with and without a full stop and placed before or after the amount. Banknotes come in MUR25, 50, 100, 200, 500, 1,000, and 2,000 denominations and you may find MUR1, MUR5 and MUR10 coins in circulation. '''Approximate''' exchange rates in September 2013 were: :USD1 MUR32.0 :€1 MUR39.6 :GBP1 MUR46.9 :CHF1 MUR32.0 :CAD1 MUR28.8 :JPY100 MUR29.8 :CNY1 MUR4.84 :ZAR1 MUR2.99 :XAF100 MUR6.03 Shop Mauritius is not at all like Bali or Thailand. Don't expect the local merchants to be interested in a long bargaining game. Many shops will not come down on price at all and even at the markets don't expect more than a 10-20% discount. There are bargains to be had however. Many large brand names in the textile world are manufactured in Mauritius and you can often find over runs or slightly flawed items at a fraction of the European prices. It is also a good place to find unique designed jewellery, wide range of hand crafts such as: artificial flowers, model boats, wooden art and more. It is possible to reach the main shopping centres by public transportation, or to take a full day shopping tour which includes a driver to take you to the main centers and handcrafts workshops. The Caudan Waterfront in Port Louis offers an variety of shops (including designer shops) and is an ideal place for shopping by Tourist. If you are looking for traditional articraft, the place to shop is Port Louis Central Market (Bazaar Port Louis). Eat Mauritius is a paradise for the senses, not only for the eyes with its beautiful landscape, but also for the palate. Gastronomes will find a variety of flavours and aromas inherited from the different migrations through its history. Culinary traditions from France, India, China and Africa, the best-known and appreciated cuisines in the world, have been passed on through generations. Depending on the region, rice or a variety of flat bread called chapattis or roti, called farata (paratha) by the local people, is eaten with curries. The extensive use of spices like saffron, cinnamon, cardamom, and cloves and herbs like thyme, basil, and curry leaves are the common ingredients that provide some powerful, yet subtle, savour. Dal, a variety of lentil soup, are many and varied according to which type of lentil is used; vegetables, beans, and pickles accompany the dishes. Dholl puri and roti, originally an Indian delicacy have become the fish and chips of Mauritians. Biryani from Mughal origins is a dish expertly prepared by the Muslim community, with meat mixed with spiced rice and potatoes. You can buy many snacks on the streets of Mauritius including the famous gateaux piments (a variant of the Indian vadai ; literally, chilli cakes), and vegetable or meat samosas (puffs), along with octopus curry in bread. The tomato and onion based dish called Rougaille (pronounced ''rooh-guy'') is a variation of the French ragoût . The dish usually consists of meat or seafood (corned beef and salted snoek fish rougaille are very popular with the locals) and all Mauritians eat this dish often if not daily. Mauritians have a sweet tooth and make many types of 'gateaux', as they are called. The cakes vary and you can find cakes very much like those in France and others similar to Indian sweets like Gulab Jamun and Rasgulla among many others. Check out the queues where the street sellers are selling their type of snacks and the longest queue will probably have the tastiest food on sale and is very cheap. When leaving Mauritius, don't wait until you go through passport control if you want to have a snack. The coffee shop after passport control is not value for money. You would be better off visiting the snack bar before check-in and taking your purchases through with you; however, remember that due to the liquids, aerosols and gels rules, you are limited to the amount of liquids you can take through the passport control. Drink Mauritius produces a wide range of cane rum. It is very cheap and is a nice drink when mixed with cola and ice. Don't forget the coconut water with a dash of lime and a splash of local rum over ice. The serious amateur will try to find a bottle of five years old (or older) rum. Worth the price difference! If you are staying in a hotel where the drinks are wildly expensive consider collecting your tipples while you are out and about from the local village shops or supermarkets where the prices are much cheaper. The local beer Phoenix costs around MUR30 (little more than one pound sterling) for a pint. Usually served very cold. The local Black Eagle beer, brewed in Nouvelle France is one to watch out for as well. Definite refreshment to match the sweltering summer heat. Try visiting the '''Medine Estate Refinery''' shop at Bambous (4 km from Flic en Flac), on the west of the Island, for a wide variety of locally produced rums and liquors. Sleep There are many international brand hotels in Mauritius but there are some luxurious hotels which are owned by Mauritian companies as well. An increasing trend is for tourists to chose self catered bungalows and apartments, many of them located directly on the beach. . There are also possibilities for foreigners to buy villas (many of them in compound located directly on the beach) in Mauritius through the IRS or RES Scheme. Stay safe The crime rate has decreased in recent years and Mauritius is a much safer country for visitors than most other destinations. The Tourism Police and Coast Guards patrol regularly in areas frequented by tourists, and most cities, beaches and other major attractions are under camera surveillance. Nevertheless, you should exercise common sense and look out for suspicious behaviour, as you would anywhere in the world as tourist are usually more vulnerable to theft. Be a smart traveller. Before your trip: Organize comprehensive travel insurance and check what circumstances and activities are not covered by your policy. Register your travel and contact details, so that you can be contacted in an emergency. Some advice: * Secure your valuables materials. * Littering of waste and smoking in public places, renting unlicensed taxis are severely fined by the police and gross misconduct may also be entitled to jail. * Respect others and avoid dispute. * If you are a victim of any crime, report it to the police right away. Stay healthy Mauritius is a risk area for infection with dengue fever (also known as "breakbone fever" from the muscular paroxysms sometimes induced). No vaccine is available. However no cases of dengue fever have been recorded in the country for several years now. Since 2005 during the high season a certain type of mosquito called the Aedes albopictus causes the viral illness Chikungunya and the insect is more likely to be around in the daytime. It is important to use anti-mosquito protection at all times. Mosquitoes are more prevalent in rural areas but they can also inhabit the beach in the tourist zone and may lead to swollen joints and or rashes. Symptoms last from one week up to several months depending how seriously you are affected. Some people recover quickly but it can take several months to recover completely. It shouldn't put you off visiting Mauritius. Just take good care to cover yourself completely in the best mosquito repellent you can find and re-apply again after swimming. Sleep under a mosquito net. Spray the bedroom well before going to bed with a good repellent and take an electric repellent to plug into the power supply. You can buy plenty of repellents of all types locally in Mauritius quite cheaply including bracelets for kids. Here is a website with comprehensive information on the Chikungunya virus - Health Protection Surveillance Centre’s website: 1991 86% of the population had antibodies indicating that they had been exposed to the hepatitis A virus, following an epidemic of the disease in 1989. Hepatitis A vaccination is generally recommended for travel in East Africa (and most other places) by the CDC. Depending on the time of the year, many of the beaches are infested with sea urchins, and it is not uncommon to see broken glass on the beach or in the water. It is a very good idea to either buy or bring plastic wet shoes when venturing into the water. This is generally not a problem at the big hotels as the designated swimming areas on the beaches are regularly cleaned of urchins and debris. Use wet shoes nonetheless. Reef fish in Mauritius have been found to contain a neurotoxin similar, but not identical, to that found in Caribbean reef fish. It is important not to eat peanuts or take alcohol if you eat coral or reef fish like sea bass, snapper, mullet, grouper, there are many more. The fish eat the toxic algae that grows on the coral reefs. Don't eat intestines or testes of the fish as higher concentrations of the toxin collect here. The symptoms include gastrointestinal upset, vomiting and diarrhea and sometimes numb feelings of the arms and legs. Telephone numbers * Commons:Category:Mauritius WikiPedia:Mauritius Dmoz:Regional Africa Mauritius

Mauritius

'''Mauritius''' ( southwest, form part of the Mascarene Islands. The area of the country is 2,040 km 2 . The capital and largest city is Port Louis.

Mauritius claims sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago (United Kingdom) and Tromelin Island (France). The United Kingdom excised the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritian territory prior to Mauritian independence in 1965. The UK gradually depopulated the archipelago's indigenous population (Depopulation of Diego Garcia) and leased its biggest island, Diego Garcia, to the United States. The US soon thereafter established a military base on Diego Garcia.

The island of Mauritius was visited during the medieval period by the Arabs (Arab people) and then by the Portuguese (Kingdom of Portugal), who named it ''Dina Arobi'' and ''Cirne'', respectively. The island was uninhabited until the Dutch Republic established a colony in 1638, with the Dutch naming the island after Prince Maurice van Nassau (Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange). The Dutch colony was abandoned in 1710, and, five years later, the island became a French colony and was named Isle de France (Isle de France (Mauritius)). Due to its strategic position, Mauritius was known as the "star and key" of the Indian Ocean.

Mauritius became an important base on the trade routes from Europe to the East before the opening of the Suez Canal and was involved in the power struggle between the French and the British. The French won the Battle of Grand Port, their only naval victory over the British during these wars, but they could not prevent the British from landing (Invasion of Isle de France) at Cap Malheureux three months later, and formally surrendered on the fifth day of the invasion, 3 December 1810, on terms allowing settlers to keep their land and property, the use of the French language, and the law of France in criminal and civil matters. Under British rule, the island's name reverted to Mauritius. The country became an independent state on 12 March 1968, following the adoption of a new constitution (Constitution of Mauritius) and became a republic in 1992 within the Commonwealth (Commonwealth of Nations).

The people of Mauritius (Mauritians) are multiethnic (Multiracial) and multicultural (Multiculturalism). Most Mauritians are multilingual; Mauritian Creole, English, French, and Asian languages are used. The island's government is closely modelled on the Westminster parliamentary system, and Mauritius is highly ranked for democracy (Democracy Index) and for economic (List of countries by economic freedom) and political freedom (Freedom in the World). Along with the other Mascarene Islands, Mauritius is known for its varied flora and fauna (Wildlife of Mauritius), with many species endemic (Endemism) to the island. The island is widely known as the only known home of the dodo, which, along with several other avian species, was made extinct by human activities relatively shortly after the island's settlement.

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