. Arriving Pearl Harbor on 4 March, she got underway for Majuro five days later and for the next month conducted antisubmarine patrols and participated in the blockade of enemy-held atolls in the Marshall Islands, returning to Pearl Harbor on 2 May. There, she underwent intensive fire support training and 31 May departed with Task Group 52.17 (TG 52.17) for Saipan. Approaching that island on the night of 13 14 June, she sank . A few hours later
. After discharging her ammunition, she returned to Seattle 2 April. ''Pyro'' decommissioned at Seattle 12 June and was struck from the Navy List 3 July. She was turned over to the War Shipping Administration 14 July 1946, and in March 1950 she was sold to the National Metal and Steel Co. Terminal Island, California for scrapping. The first AFRS stations established under the Central Pacific Command were set up on the Tarawa Atoll and islet of Makin (Butaritari), both located
was gained, close bombardment by battleships. Guam was chosen as a target because its large size made it suitable as a base for supporting the next stage of operations towards the Philippines, Taiwan and the Ryukyu Islands; the deep-water harbor at Apra (Apra Harbor) was suitable for the largest ships; and the two airfields would be suitable for B-29 Superfortress bombers. The weak defenses of the Palaus and the potential for airfield construction made them attractive targets
. Third, fourth and fifth war patrols, October 1942 – May 1943 ''Flying Fish'' cleared Pearl Harbor 27 October, headed for her patrol area south of the Marshall Islands. Three times on this third patrol she launched bold attacks on Japanese task forces, only to suffer the frustration of poor torpedo performance, or to score hits causing damage which postwar evaluation could not confirm. She arrived at Brisbane (Brisbane, Australia) for refit on 16 December 1942. Her second war patrol
Commons:Category:Marshall Islands WikiPedia:Marshall Islands Dmoz:Regional Oceania Marshall Islands
, and many in the government and public perceived that the United States was more vulnerable than it had ever been before. Duck-and-cover exercises quickly became a part of Civil Defense drills that every American citizen, from children to the elderly, practiced to be ready in the event of nuclear war (Nuclear warfare). In 1950, during the first big Civil Defense push of the Cold War; the movie ''Duck and Cover (Duck and Cover (film))'' was produced (by the Federal Civil Defense Administration (Federal Civil Defense Authority)) for school showings in 1951. At the time, it was believed the main dangers of a Hiroshima-type nuclear blast were from heat and blast damage Commons:Category:Marshall Islands WikiPedia:Marshall Islands Dmoz:Regional Oceania Marshall Islands
of the early
actions of the Pacific War. Among them were the 1 February 1942 raid on the Marshall Islands, in which he destroyed a Japanese bomber on the ground, and the 24 February attack on Wake Island. Following her shakedown, ''Porterfield'' joined Task Force 53 (TF 53), getting underway 12 January 1944 and arriving off the Marshalls (Marshall Islands) on the 31st. ''Porterfield'''s first job was shore bombardment on Ennomennet and Ennubirr Islands, followed by harassing and neutalizing fire on Roi (Roi-Namur) and Namur (Namur (island)). As the Japanese advanced south and east through the islands of the southwest Pacific, ''McCall'' headed in that direction with ''Enterprise'' and Commons:Category:Marshall Islands WikiPedia:Marshall Islands Dmoz:Regional Oceania Marshall Islands
of them still have U.S. bases within their territories. In the case of Okinawa, which came under U.S. administration after the battle of Okinawa during World War II, this happened despite local popular opinion. Patrick Smith, also at http: www.nytimes.com 1998 03 06 opinion 06iht-edsmith.t_0.html -- Pay Attention to Okinawans and Close the U.S. Bases, International Herald Tribune (Opinion section), March 6, 1998
in the Wikipedia geographical article, '''Micronesia''', consisting of: * the islands of the western Pacific Ocean, including the Marshall Islands, Kiribati, Federated States of Micronesia, and Northern Mariana Islands. Ideology The UC favour the concept of independence-association (Associated state) similar to the Marshall Islands. However, the UC has taken a radical stance in favour of strict adherence to the terms of the Nouméa Accord, no talks
relying on China , and not Japan, as its strategic partner in East Asia for the coming years. Sun Yat-sen. The International Development of China page 298. China Cultural Service, Taipei, 1953 The system continued intensifying until reaching hurricane status at 0000 UTC on January 30, and it reached major hurricane status on February 2, reaching maximum sustained winds of 115 mph (185 km h) and a minimum central barometric pressure of 985 bar (unit
The '''Marshall Islands''', officially the '''Republic of the Marshall Islands''' ( ) is an island country located near the equator in the Pacific Ocean, slightly west of the International Date Line. Geographically, the country is part of the larger island group of Micronesia, with the population of 68,480 people spread out over 24 low-lying coral atolls, comprising 1,156 individual islands and islets. The islands share maritime boundaries (Maritime boundary) with the Federated States of Micronesia to the west, Wake Island to the north, Wake Island is claimed as a territory of the Marshall Islands, but is also claimed as an unorganized (Unorganized territory), unincorporated territory of the United States, with ''de facto'' control vested in the Office of Insular Affairs. Kiribati to the south-east, and Nauru to the south. The most populous atoll is Majuro, which also acts as the capital (Capital city).
Micronesian colonists gradually settled the Marshall Islands during the 2nd millennium BC, with inter-island navigation made possible using traditional stick chart (Marshall Islands stick chart)s. Islands in the archipelago were first explored by Europeans (Ethnic groups in Europe) in the 1520s, with Spanish (Spanish people) explorer Alonso de Salazar sighting an atoll in August 1526. Other expeditions by Spanish and English ships followed, with the islands' current name stemming from British explorer John Marshall (John Marshall (British captain)) (1788).
The European powers recognized the islands as part of the Spanish East Indies in 1874. However, Spain sold the islands to the German Empire in 1884, and they became part of German New Guinea in 1885. In World War I the Empire of Japan occupied the Marshall Islands, which in 1919 the League of Nations combined with other former German territories to form the South Pacific Mandate. In World War II, the United States conquered the islands in the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign. Along with other Pacific Islands, the Marshall Islands were then consolidated into the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands governed by the US. Self-government was achieved in 1979, and full sovereignty in 1986, under a Compact of Free Association with the United States.
Politically, the Marshall Islands is a presidential (Presidential system) republic in free association (Associated state) with the United States, with the US providing defense, subsidies, and access to social services. With few natural resources, the islands' wealth is based on a service economy, as well as some fishing and agriculture; aid from the United States represents a large percentage of the islands' gross domestic product. The country uses the United States dollar as its currency.
The majority of the citizens of the Marshall Islands are of Marshallese descent, though there are small numbers of immigrants from the Philippines and other Pacific islands. The two official languages are Marshallese (Marshallese language), which is a member of the Malayo-Polynesian languages, and English (English language). Almost the entire population of the islands practises some religion, with three-quarters of the country either following the United Church of Christ – Congregational in the Marshall Islands (UCCCMI) or the Assemblies of God.