Margraviate of Austria

What is Margraviate of Austria known for?


dark green

Holy_Roman_Empire_1000_map-en.svg image_map_caption Map of the Holy Roman Empire near year 1000, showing the ''Margraviate of Austria'' (Eastern March) on the eastern border, between the Duchy of Bavaria (dark green) and the Kingdom of Hungary. capital Vienna latd 48 latm 13 latNS N longd 16 longm 22 longEW E national_motto national_anthem common_languages Austro-Bavarian German (Austro-Bavarian language) religion Roman Catholic (Roman Catholicism) currency leader1 Leopold I (Leopold I, Margrave of Austria) (first Babenberg (House of Babenberg) margrave) leader2 Leopold IV (Leopold IV, Duke of Bavaria)¹ (last margrave) year_leader1 976–994 year_leader2 1136–41 title_leader Margrave of Austria legislature house1 type_house1 house2 type_house2 footnotes 1: Also Dukes of Bavaria (List of rulers of Bavaria) from 1139. Category:1156 disestablishments Austria (Category:Marches of the Holy Roman Empire) Category:States and territories established in 976 Category:Medieval Austria In the modern Holy Roman Empire, two original marches developed into the two most powerful states in Central Europe: the ''Mark Brandenburg (Margraviate of Brandenburg)'' (the nucleus of the later Kingdom of Prussia) and Austria (Margraviate of Austria) (which became heir to various, mainly 'Hungarian' and 'Burgundian' principalities). Austria was originally called ''Marchia Orientalis'' in Latin, the "eastern borderland", as (originally roughly the present Lower -) Austria formed the eastern outpost of the Holy Roman Empire, on the border with the Magyars and the Slavs. During the 19th and 20th centuries the term was sometimes translated as ''Ostmark'' by some Germanophones, but medieval documents attest only the vernacular name ''Ostarrîchi''. Another Mark in the south-east, Styria (March of Styria), still appears as ''Steiermark'' in German (German language) today. *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) **Alfonso II (Alfonso I of Aragon) (1104–1134) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor) (1056–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Herman II (Herman II, Margrave of Baden) (1073–1130) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Berthold I (Berthold I of Baden) (1061–1073) **'''Duchy of Bavaria''' - Welf I (Welf I, Duke of Bavaria) (1070–1101) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Duchy of Bohemia''' - Vratislav II (Vratislav II of Bohemia) (1061–1085; king, 1085–1092) **'''Duchy of Bavaria''' - Welf I (Welf I, Duke of Bavaria) (1070–1101) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Duchy of Bohemia''' - Vratislav II of Bohemia (1061–1085; king, 1085–1092) **'''Duchy of Bavaria''' - Welf I (Welf I, Duke of Bavaria) (1070–1101) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Duchy of Bohemia''' - Vratislav II (Vratislav II of Bohemia) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Sancho I (Sancho I of Aragon) (1063–1094) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold II (Leopold II of Austria) (1075–1095) *'''County of Auvergne''' - Robert II (Robert II of Auvergne) (1064–1096) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Sancho I (Sancho I of Aragon) (1063–1094) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold II (Leopold II of Austria) (1075–1095) *'''County of Auvergne''' - Robert II (Robert II of Auvergne) (1064–1096) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Sancho I (Sancho I of Aragon) (1063–1094) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold II (Leopold II of Austria) (1075–1095) *'''County of Auvergne''' - Robert II (Robert II of Auvergne) (1064–1096) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Sancho I (Sancho I of Aragon) (1063–1094) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold II (Leopold II of Austria) (1075–1095) *'''County of Auvergne''' - Robert II (Robert II of Auvergne) (1064–1096) **Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold II (Leopold II of Austria) (1075–1095) *'''County of Auvergne''' - Robert II (Robert II of Auvergne) (1064–1096) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Kingdom of Aragon''' - Peter I (Peter I of Aragon and Navarre) (1094–1104) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria) (1095–1136) *'''County of Auvergne''' - William VI (William VI, Count of Auvergne) (1096–1136) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Berthold I (Berthold I of Baden) (1061–1073) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Berthold I (Berthold I of Baden) (1061–1073) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Berthold I (Berthold I of Baden) (1061–1073) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Berthold I (Berthold I of Baden) (1061–1073) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Margraviate of Baden''' - Berthold I (Berthold I of Baden) (1061–1073) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *#Henry IV (Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor), King of the Romans (1056–1087), Holy Roman Emperor (1084–1105) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (Sophie of Bar) (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Ernest (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (Sophie of Bar) (1033–1092) *'''Bishopric of Augsburg''' - Heinrich II, Bishop of Augsburg (1047–1063) *'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) *'''County of Bar''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1093) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III, King of Germany (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor), King of Germany (List of German Kings and Emperors) (1039–1056) Duke of Swabia (1038–1045) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *#Henry III (Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor) (1039–1056) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Conrad II (Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor) (1024–1039) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Conrad II (Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor), Roman Emperor (List of German Kings and Emperors) (1024–1039) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092) *'''Holy Roman Empire''' - Conrad II (Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor) (1024–1039) **'''Margraviate of Austria''' - Adalbert (Adalbert, Margrave of Austria) (1018–1055) **'''Barrois''' - Sophie, Countess of Bar (1033–1092)


amp

subsequent rulers resided. The original march coincided with the modern Wachau, but was shortly enlarged eastwards at least as far as the Wienerwald (Vienna Woods). Under Margrave Ernest the Brave (Ernest, Margrave of Austria) (1055–1075), the colonisation of the northern Waldviertel up to the Thaya river and the Bohemian march of Moravia was begun, and the Hungarian March was merged into Austria. The margraves' residence later was moved down the Danube

margravial authority in the region during the interval 900–976. Margravial Austria reached its greatest height under Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria), a great friend of the church and founder of abbeys. He patronised towns and developed a great level of territorial independence. In 1139, Leopold IV (Leopold IV, Duke of Bavaria) inherited Bavaria. When his successor, the last margrave, Henry Jasomirgott, was deprived of Bavaria in 1156, Austria was elevated to a duchy

in the 1278 Battle on the Marchfeld. Notes *Reuter, Timothy. ''Germany in the Early Middle Ages 800–1056''. New York: Loman, 1991


century history

Pölten , at Klosterneuburg Monastery and Heiligenkreuz Abbey. The early margraviate was populated by a mix of Slavic and native Romano-Germanic peoples who were apparently speaking Rhaeto-Romance languages, remnants of which remain today in parts of northern Italy (Friulian (Friulian language) and Ladin (Ladin language)) and in Switzerland (Romansh (Romansh language)). In the Austrian Alps some valleys retained their Rhaeto-Romance speakers until the 17th century. History


900

from circa 900 until 976 leads some to posit that a Pannonian or Austrian march existed against the Magyars, alongside the other marches which had been incorporated into Bavaria by 952 (Carniola (March of Carniola), Carinthia (March of Carinthia), Istria (March of Istria), and Verona (March of Verona)). Semple, 42. However, much of (Lower) Pannonia was still conquered by the Magyars. In 976, during a general restructuring of Bavaria upon the insurrection of Duke

margravial authority in the region during the interval 900–976. Margravial Austria reached its greatest height under Leopold III (Leopold III, Margrave of Austria), a great friend of the church and founder of abbeys. He patronised towns and developed a great level of territorial independence. In 1139, Leopold IV (Leopold IV, Duke of Bavaria) inherited Bavaria. When his successor, the last margrave, Henry Jasomirgott, was deprived of Bavaria in 1156, Austria was elevated to a duchy


994

Catholicism Roman Catholic currency leader1 Leopold I (Leopold I, Margrave of Austria) (first Babenberg (House of Babenberg) margrave) leader2 Leopold IV (Leopold IV, Duke of Bavaria)¹ (last margrave) year_leader1 976–994 year_leader2 1136–41 title_leader Margrave of Austria legislature house1 <


976

Catholicism Roman Catholic currency leader1 Leopold I (Leopold I, Margrave of Austria) (first Babenberg (House of Babenberg) margrave) leader2 Leopold IV (Leopold IV, Duke of Bavaria)¹ (last margrave) year_leader1 976–994 year_leader2 1136–41 title_leader Margrave of Austria legislature house1 <

;!--- Name of first chamber --- type_house1 house2 type_house2 footnotes 1: Also Dukes of Bavaria (List of rulers of Bavaria) from 1139. The '''Margraviate of Austria''' was a southeastern frontier march (march (territory)) of the Holy Roman Empire created in 976 out


verona

from circa 900 until 976 leads some to posit that a Pannonian or Austrian march existed against the Magyars, alongside the other marches which had been incorporated into Bavaria by 952 (Carniola (March of Carniola), Carinthia (March of Carinthia), Istria (March of Istria), and Verona (March of Verona)). Semple, 42. However, much of (Lower) Pannonia was still conquered by the Magyars. In 976, during a general restructuring of Bavaria upon the insurrection of Duke

Margraviate of Austria

The '''Margraviate of Austria''' was a southeastern frontier march (march (territory)) of the Holy Roman Empire created in 976 out of the territory on the border with the Kingdom of Hungary (Kingdom of Hungary in the Middle Ages). Originally under the overlordship of the Dukes of Bavaria (Duchy of Bavaria), it was ruled by margraves of the Franconian Babenberg dynasty (House of Babenberg). It became an Imperial State in its own right, when the Babenbergs were elevated to Dukes of Austria (Duchy of Austria) in 1156.

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