character, referred to solely in dialogue and props, until his return to Hastings in May 1945 during the intended last episode ("All Clear (Foyle's War Series Six#"All Clear")"). Apologising to Sam for his poor treatment of her, he tries to resume their relationship — she, though initially only able to accept that they meet as "friends", appears to be thawing towards him by the end of the episode. In the seventh series, he is mentioned as living in London, but he
government of Iran. Police later remove them from the plane. (Reuters) (CNN) (BBC) * All is set for the local council elections in Malta which shall take place tomorrow. The results are expected to be in favour of the Malta Labour Party, the current opposition party. !--Many accuse
. His paintings, which combine a realistic observation of the human state, both physical and emotional, with a dramatic use of lighting, had a formative influence on the Baroque school of painting (Baroque painting).role &nation &prev_page 1&subjectid 500115312 Getty profile, including variant spellings of the artist's name. Caravaggio trained as a painter in Milan under a master who had
of the world. Joe studies journalism and media. Donna was one of the backing singers for J. Anvil at the Maltese (Malta) pre-selection for the Eurovision Song Contest 2011. Her debut solo single was due for release in November 2011.
in the world. The Neolithic temple builders 3800–2500 BC endowed the numerous temples of Malta and Gozo with intricate bas relief designs, including spirals evocative of the tree of life and animal portraits, designs painted in red ochre, ceramics, and a vast collection of human form sculptures, particularly the Venus of Malta. These can be viewed at the temples themselves (most notably, the Hypogeum and Tarxien Temples), and at the National Museum of Archaeology in Valletta. Malta is currently
, Kuwait, Belarus, Belgium, China, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macau, Singapore, Australia, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, New Zealand, Iran, Russia, United Arab Emirates , Malaysia and Vietnam. The TONI&GUY salons in the USA are headed up by Toni's younger brother Bruno Mascolo. It also manufactures many products in the UK including award winning haircare label.m Professional Haircare which includes
in the heart of the island. Surrounded by the scenic town of Rabat (Rabat (Malta)), this fortress is one of Malta's finest jewels, boasting architecture, history and a quality cup of coffee with a splendid view. Mdina gets very peaceful and romantic in the evenings when the day trippers leave. Valletta is similar in that it boasts a rich history, only being the modern capital, it is very much alive and much more modern, serving as both a shopping area during the day and offering an array of museums and cultural sites. Of particular note is St John's Co-Cathedral, built by one of the earlier Grandmasters of the Knights Hospitaller. It contains the various chapels of the Knights' langues, with Caravaggio paintings, tapestries and various relics of immense value to the Maltese heritage. The very floors of the Cathedral are the tombs of the most famous knights of the Order of St John, and a crypt, though off-limits to tourists, hosts the bodies of some of the most illustrious of Grandmasters, including the city's founder, Jean de Valette. Must see attractions include the UNESCO World Heritage sites such as the '''Hypogeum''' and the '''megalithic temples''' that can be admired on both Gozo and Malta and are the oldest in the world! In Gozo, a rural atmosphere is predominant. Billy Connolly purchased a home in Gozo several years ago, owing to the island's quiet and relaxing nature. Visitors will be interested in taking a look at the impressive geographical feature of the Inland Sea, carved out by the Mediterranean. One is also obliged to visit the Citadel, Gozo's version of Mdina. Gozo is situated 5 km north west of Malta and can be reached by a 25 minute crossing from Cirkewwa, the harbour of Malta. For a look into more traditional Maltese life, the seldom seen south of Malta is a possible option for visitation. Townships like Ghaxaq often escape public notice, but some of the island's finest churches lie in the south. The many churches of Malta are testaments to the style and design of their times. Many towns in the north were stripped of their culture due to rapid urbanisation, but this has been felt less in the south of Malta. If you visit Malta in summer, be sure you visit one of the town village feast. Every town or village has at least one feast dedicated to a saint. The feast usually lasts for one week (in most cases from Monday to Sunday), with its peak being usually on Saturday. During this week, the village or town will be decorated with several ornaments and work of arts such as statues, lights and paintings on tapestry. In most cases, the feast would also be furnished with fireworks, both air and ground (which are quite spectacular and rather unique to Malta). In most cases, the ground fireworks are presented the day before the actual feast day late at night. There are differences between one village feast and another, and some are more attractive and more famous than others. Some of the most famous feasts are those of Our Lady of the Lily in Mqabba (third Sunday of June), Saint Philip in Zebbug (second Sunday of June), Mount Carmel in Zurrieq (Sunday before the last of July), Saint Mary of Imqabba, Qrendi, and Ghaxaq (on the 15th of August), Saint Catherine of Zurrieq (first Sunday of September) and the Nativity of Our Lady in Naxxar (on the 8th of September). During the month of April, a fireworks contest occurs in the Valletta Floriana area, where different fireworks factories compete with each other exhibiting their finest works both ground fireworks and air fireworks. It is spectacular and above all its free to attend to. Quite a few wine festivals are organized during summer, two of which are organized in Valletta and one in Qormi. It is a great experience to taste several Maltese wines at very cheap prices. (In the Qormi festival (September) and Delicata winefestival (August), you buy a 10 euro cup, and you can drink as much as you like; in the Marsovine winefestival (July), you buy a cup and 14 tokens for 10 euros). A beer festival (July–August) is also organized in Ta' Qali. Finally, Malta's megalithic temples are the oldest free-standing structures on Earth, and one should not forget to take walks in the countryside. The most popular tourist destinations of Sliema and St. Julians probably have the least to offer as regards a taste of Malta, though they continue to be the most frequented. They are the most modern of locations, with most old buildings having been knocked down due to the monstrous construction industry fuelling the economy. Malta's main nightlife area can be found here, especially in Paceville. Do Sample the local delicacies. In Summer, the island is perfect for water sports and beach activities. The island has been described as an open-air museum by some; one is unlikely to run out of things to see during a visit to Malta. Each township has its own unique sights to offer if one pays close enough attention. Almost all Malteses citizens have not even visited all the wonders and attractions that this island offers. Hiking in the countryside offers a taste of rural Malta, especially if trekking along the coast of Gozo. Sailing is a wonderful option, as Malta boasts an impressive array of caves, scenic sunsets, and other views. The island is surrounded by a limitless number of beaches. thumb Valletta Carnival (File:Carnival in Valletta - Show.jpg) There are a number of great annual festivals worth attending. '''Valletta Carnival''' - February March Malta Carnival national activities will be held in Valletta and Floriana. Dance and costume competitions will take place in the capital and Floriana followed by defiles which include triumphal floats, bands, grotesque masks and lots of dance. Malta Carnival is an unforgettable experience of fun, colour, art and merriment. '''Għanafest - Malta Mediterranean Folk Music Festival''' - June The Malta Mediterranean Folk Music Festival is a fabulous 3-day event of Mediterranean folk music, including Maltese folksongs (għana), Maltese songwriters and folk ensembles, together with guest folk musicians from neighbouring Mediterranean countries. Għanafest also hosts a series of workshops on traditional instruments and a special programme for children, and is complemented by traditional Maltese food and the marvelous surroundings of the Argotti Botanical Gardens in Floriana. '''Malta Jazz Festival''' - July The Malta Jazz Festival has a special place in Malta’s Cultural Calendar, attracting great stars of the international jazz scene to Malta. It has become a hub for the exchange of musical experience - an encounter between musicians of international fame and gifted local artists. The magnificent setting of the historic Ta’ Liesse wharf in Valletta’s Grand Harbour makes the Malta Jazz Festival a uniquely memorable experience. '''Malta Arts Festival''' - July The Malta Arts Festival is the highlight of Malta’s Cultural Calendar - a showcase of diverse top quality theatre, music and dance performances, and offers something from almost all artistic forms, including collaborations between Maltese and foreign artists. The Festival events are held in various venues in and around Valletta, mostly open-air, taking advantage of Malta’s cool summer evenings. The Festival’s joint performances and workshops, together with its specially-commissioned works, enhance local artistic development and provide impetus for cultural innovation. '''Notte Bianca''' - September October Notte Bianca is held annually in Valletta and is a spectacular, night-long celebration of culture and the arts. State palaces, historic buildings and Museums open their doors almost all night, playing host to visual art exhibitions and music, dance and theatre performances. Streets and squares become platforms for open-air activities, and many cafes and restaurants extend their hours and run pavement stalls. All areas of the Capital City, from the Entrance Gate to the far end of the peninsula, are involved and all events are free of charge. '''Isle of MTV Malta Special''' - Held annually at the Fosos square in Floriana, it is the largest open air free concert in Europe. Worldwide acclaimed artists take the stage in front of an enthusiastic crowd of over 50,000 people. 2012 saw the performances of Nelly Furtado, Flo Rida and Will.I.Am. Dive Malta is a great place to dive, with it being possible to dive all year around. The water temperature varies from a cool 14°C in February March to warm 26°C in August. The visibility of water is generally high, making it a good place to learn diving as well. The dive sites are located close to shore. Consequently, most dives start there, making everything easier and cheaper. The dive sites include rocky reefs, some wrecks and cave diving (especially interesting is the dive in the Inland Sea in Gozo). There will tend to be more marine life during the warmer months, when you can hope to see tuna, octopus, moray eels, seahorses, fire worms, soft coral along with the usual sea grass and underwater ridges. Christmas in Malta Christmas is a largely religious affair on the Maltese islands. This is because most Maltese people are Catholics. During the festive season, various Christmas cribs, or Presepji, as they're called in Maltese, can be seen on display in churches, shopping centres, etc. The Maltese people have many Christmas customs that are unique to the island. A very popular traditional Christmas dessert is ''Qagħaq tal-Għasel''. These are light pastry rings filled with honey. Buy
common_name Malta image_flag Flag of Malta.svg image_coat Coat of arms of Malta.svg image_map EU-Malta.svg map_caption
with other European Union member states. east
is Ta' Dmejrek, at , near Dingli. Although there are some small rivers at times of high rainfall, there are no permanent rivers or lakes on Malta. However, some watercourses have fresh water running all year round at Baħrija near Ras ir-Raħeb, at l-Imtaħleb and San Martin, and at Lunzjata Valley in Gozo. Phytogeographically (Phytogeography), Malta belongs to the Liguro-Tyrrhenian province of the Mediterranean Region within the Boreal Kingdom
in the Mediterranean (History_of_the_Mediterranean_region#Modern_era), as it was closer to the European continent than the island of Malta. The small volcanic point was an important strategic point in the Mediterranean to the world's largest sea force of the time, being closer to Spain and Italy than Malta, the next closest. The British fleet landed, named it Graham Island, after Sir James Graham (Sir James Graham, 2nd Baronet), the First Lord of the Admiralty (Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty), and planted their flag, the Union Jack. Initial conflict In August 1831 the volcano had risen to above sea level, although still only a couple of rocks, but the British Navy thought it was very suitable as a base to control the traffic in the Mediterranean (History_of_the_Mediterranean_region#Modern_era), as it was closer to the European continent than the island of Malta. The small volcanic point was an important strategic point in the Mediterranean to the world's largest sea force of the time, being closer to Spain and Italy than Malta, the next closest. The British fleet landed, named it Graham Island, after Sir James Graham (Sir James Graham, 2nd Baronet), the First Lord of the Admiralty (Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty), and planted their flag, the Union Jack. Trivia In 1979, the NME (New Musical Express) reported that a court in Malta had stopped the album being sold because the lyrics of ''“Religion”'' offended public morals and decency. ''“T-Zers”'' column (''New Musical Express'', 1 September 1979) Nectar source It is an important nectar source plant for honeybees as well as the large blue butterfly which feeds exclusively on wild thyme. All thyme species are nectar sources, but wild thyme covers large areas of droughty, rocky soils in southern Europe. Croatia, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Greece, North Africa, Malta, the Berkshire Mountains and Catskill Mountains of the northeastern United States, Canada and New Zealand are especially famous for wild thyme honey. See also: Monofloral honey a
in Greece, Poland, Italy, Ireland, Malta, Estonia, Denmark and Sweden. He is the author or co-author of 24 books and over 500 articles. His most influential books are ''An Economic Theory of Democracy'' (1957) and ''Inside Bureaucracy'' (1967); widely translated, both are credited as major influences on the public choice school of political economy. Later, Downs concerned himself with housing policy, writing about rent control and housing affordability. ''The Revolution in Real Estate Finance'' (1985) predicted a long-term housing slowdown and decrease in housing prices. Most recently, Downs has involved himself with transportation economics. His book ''Stuck in Traffic'' (1992), which detailed the economic disadvantages of traffic congestion and proposed road pricing as the only effective means of alleviating it, was denounced by traffic engineers for its insistence on the futility of congestion relief measures. However, enough of his gloomy predictions about congestion were proven right that he successfully published a second edition, ''Still Stuck in Traffic'' (2004). Downs' recommendations are starting to see implementation, largely in the form of high occupancy toll (HOT) lanes in the medians of crowded American freeways, and through congestion pricing, already implemented in several cities around the world: Singapore Road pricing Singapore's experience (see Area Licensing Scheme and Electronic Road Pricing); London (see London congestion charge); Stockholm (see Stockholm congestion tax); Valletta, Malta; Controlled Vehicular Access, CVA Technology, 1 May 2007 Valletta traffic congestion considerably reduced and Milan Milan introduces traffic charge Milan Introduces Congestion Charge To Cut Pollution Congestion fee leaves Milan in a jam *Romaniotes are Greek (Greek language)-speaking Jews from the Balkans that lived there from the Hellenistic era until today. *Sephardim (Sephardi Jews) are Jews whose ancestors lived in Spain (History of the Jews in Spain) or Portugal (History of the Jews in Portugal), where they lived for possibly as much as two millennia before being expelled in 1492 by the Catholic Monarchs (''see Alhambra decree''); they subsequently migrated to the Islamic North African Maghreb and Ottoman Empire (both at the time considered safe havens for Jews). In the Ottoman Empire the Sephardim mostly settled in the European portion of the Empire (Balkans), and mainly in the major cities such as Constantinople (Istanbul), Thessaloniki, Sarajevo, Monastir (Monastir, Macedonia) – modern-day Bitola in the Republic of Macedonia, Sofia and other cities in Bulgaria, and Bursa. Prior to World War II, Thessaloniki, which today is the second largest city in Greece, had a large and flourishing Sephardic community of approximately 50,000. Another was the community of Maltese Jews (History of the Jews in Malta) in Malta. Others settled in Italy (History of the Jews in Italy) and the Netherlands (History of the Jews in the Netherlands), and Latin America (History of the Jews in Latin America). Among those who settled in the Netherlands, some would again relocate to the United States, establishing the country's first organized community of Jews and erecting the United States' first synagogue. Other Sephardim remained in Spain and Portugal as anusim (forced converts to Catholicism), which would also be the fate for those who had migrated to Spanish and Portuguese ruled Latin America. ** Spanish and Portuguese Jews ''Nação'' – West Europe Sephardim Language travel Some organizations combine language study with foreign travel in "exotic" destinations (Thailand, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Malta, Morocco, Cyprus, Peru (ACUPARI) etc.), which allow greater immersion and understanding of the destination country's culture and language. thumb 190px right Irina and Felix in exile (Image:In exile Irina and Felix.jpg) Following the abdication of Tsar Nicolas II (Nicholas II of Russia),the Yussupovs returned to the Moika Palace before traveling to the Crimea. They later returned to the Palace to retrieve jewellery and two paintings by Rembrandt (Rembrandt Harmenszoon van Rijn), the sale proceeds of which helped sustain his family in exile. In the Crimea the family boarded a British warship, HMS Marlborough (HMS Marlborough (1912)), which took them from Yalta to Malta. Felix Yussupov enjoyed boasting about the murder of Rasputin while on the ship. One of the British officers noted that Irina "appeared shy and retiring at first, but it was only necessary to take a little notice of her pretty, small daughter to break through her reserve and discover that she was also very charming and spoke fluent English". King, p. 209 From there, they traveled to Italy, then by train to Paris. In Italy, lacking a visa, Felix bribed the officials with diamonds. In Paris, they stayed a few days in Hotel Vendôme before going on to London. ;
'''Malta''' Malta has two official languages: Maltese (Maltese language) and English (English language).
Malta's location has historically given it great strategic importance as a naval base, and a succession of powers, including the Phoenicians, Romans (Roman Empire), Moorish (Emirate of Sicily), Normans, Sicilians (Kingdom of Sicily), Habsburg Spain, Knights of St. John (Knights Hospitaller), French (First French Republic) and British (British Empire), have ruled the islands. Malta gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1964 and became a republic in 1974. Malta was admitted to the United Nations in 1964 and to the European Union in 2004; in 2008, it became part of the Eurozone.
Malta has a long Christian legacy and its Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Malta is sometimes traditionally claimed to be an Apostolic see because, according to the Acts of the Apostles, (
Malta is a popular tourist destination with its warm climate, numerous recreational areas, and architectural and historical monuments, including nine UNESCO World Heritage Sites (World Heritage Site): Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum (Hypogeum of Ħal-Saflieni),