Majdal Shams

What is Majdal Shams known for?


http: www.google.com

Elementary School in the Arab town of Shefa-Amr in Israel. Largest bowl of tabbouleh Previous holders of the Guinness World Record (Guinness World Records) for the largest tabbouleh include Lebanon (October 2009), Natacha Yazbeck, Agence France-Presse (October 25, 2009). http: www.google.com hostednews afp article ALeqM5iUFBnQI4X0EHl-JujzklXqJRP6kg "Salad days


breaking

edge of the village with bullhorns to shout messages to friends and relatives on the Syrian side of the ceasefire line. Hannah Russell ed., ''Breaking Down the Fence: Addressing the Illegality of Family Separation in the Occupied Syrian Golan'' (Majdal Shams: Al-Marsad, The Arab Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Syrian Golan, 2010). Through the 1970s, and often later, many households refused to pay taxes to the state of Israel. Felicia Langer, ''With My Own

Russell ed., ''Breaking Down the Fence: Addressing the Illegality of Family Separation in the Occupied Syrian Golan'' (Majdal Shams: Al-Marsad, The Arab Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Syrian Golan, 2010):49; Bashar Tarabieh, “Education, Control, and Resistance in the Golan Heights,” ''Middle East Report'' 195 195 (May–August 1995): 44 During the 1990s, large numbers of residents began to receive permission to cross the ceasefire line to conduct religious pilgrimages or attend


culture arts

of cellphones. Culture Majdal Shams has a thriving arts scene. Local bands like Toot Ard http: www.haaretz.com culture arts-leisure music-that-straddles-the-jamaica-algeria-border-live-from-the-golan-heights-1.386912 and Hawa Dafi have toured internationally. Local visual artists are supported by the Fateh Mudarris Center for Arts and Culture http: rt.com news druze-golan-heights-israel Majdal Shams was featured


local+visual

of cellphones. Culture Majdal Shams has a thriving arts scene. Local bands like Toot Ard http: www.haaretz.com culture arts-leisure music-that-straddles-the-jamaica-algeria-border-live-from-the-golan-heights-1.386912 and Hawa Dafi have toured internationally. Local visual artists are supported by the Fateh Mudarris Center for Arts and Culture http: rt.com news druze-golan-heights-israel Majdal Shams was featured in the award-winning film, ''The Syrian Bride'' (2004). The town is home to several non-governmental organizations, including Golan for the Development of the Arab Villages. and Al-Marsad : Arab Human Rights Center in Golan Heights. also * at 520 m above sea level. * Jesus Trail - a 65 km hiking and pilgrimage route in the Galilee region of Israel that traces routes Jesus may have walked, connecting many sites from his life and ministry. The trail begins in Nazareth, and passes through Sepphoris, Cana (Kafr Kanna), the Horns of Hattin, Mount Arbel Cliffs, the Sea of Galilee, Capernaum, Tabgha, the Mount of Beatitudes, Tiberias, the Jordan River, Mount Tabor, and Mount Precipice. *Golan Trail - a 125 km route from the slopes of Mt. Hermon to the southern Golan Heights. It passes many towns and settlements including Majdal Shams, Nimrod (Nimrod, Golan Heights), Masade, Buq'ata, Odem, Merom Golan, and Ein Zivan. *Valley of Springs Trail - a 120 km route in and around the Jordan Valley (Jordan Valley (Middle East)), terminating in Beit She'an and on Mount Gilboa near Kibbutz Meirav. The trail connects numerous springs (for which the area is famous) and other historical and natural attractions. 55 Kiryat Shmona, Maayan Baruch, HaGoshrim, She'ar Yashuv, Dafna, Dan (Dan (kibbutz)), Snir, Si'on Junc., Neve Ativ, Majdal Shams, Mas'adah, Buq'ata, El Rom, Merom Golan, Ein Zivan, Ortal, Katzrin, Beit Saida Junc., Gadot, Mishmar HaYarden, Mahanaim, Camp Yiftah, Hazor HaGelilit -


previous record

3557 kilograms, which surpasses Israel’s previous record of 2359 kilograms. Israel (specifically, the Arab residents of Majdal Shams in the Golan Heights who made a bowl of tabbouleh weighing 2359 kg in March 2008), "Israel." ''Guinness World Records 2010''. 2010. and Palestinian residents of Ramallah in the West Bank (June 2006). " Largest tabbouleh record


http://www.google.com

Elementary School in the Arab town of Shefa-Amr in Israel. Largest bowl of tabbouleh Previous holders of the Guinness World Record (Guinness World Records) for the largest tabbouleh include Lebanon (October 2009), Natacha Yazbeck, Agence France-Presse (October 25, 2009). http: www.google.com hostednews afp article ALeqM5iUFBnQI4X0EHl-JujzklXqJRP6kg "Salad days


major water

By the late 19th century, Majdal Shams was an important regional center and home of the local Ottoman administrator (Mudir). G. Schumacher, ''The Jaulan: Surveyed for the German Society for the Exploration of the Holy Land'' (London: Richard Bentley and Son, 1888): 10 In times of strife, residents of the surrounding villages travelled to Majdal Shams for safety because of the village's elevation and proximity to a major water source at Birkat Ram. During the winter of 1895, for example, Druze residents of neighboring communities sheltered in Majdal Shams during a local conflict between irregular Druze and Circassian militias. Drummond Hay, “Despatch No. 76 from Mr. Drummond Hay, Consul-General, Beyrout, to SirPhilip Currie, British Ambassador, Constantinople, 6 December 1895, regarding the fears of the Druzes of Mount Hermon of an attack by the Circassians and Kurds,” in Bejtullah Destani ed., Minorities in the Middle East, Druze Communities 1840-1974, Volume 3: 1866-1926 (London: Archive Editions, 2006): 192-194 In the late 19th century, Americans and Europeans began visiting Majdal Shams. In 1870, missionaries associated with the Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America opened a school and church in the town. The mission school operated until 1885, when it was closed by Turkish authorities. ''Papers relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States, Transmitted to Congress, With the Annual Message of the President, December 8, 1885 ''(Washington: Government Printing Office, 1886): 836-839 Majdal Shams also attracted foreign geologists such as William Libbey because of the town's proximity to an exposed strata of Jurassic-era fossils. William Libbey and Franklin E. Hoskins, ''The Jordan Valley and Petra II ''(New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1905): 353 Fossils excavated at Majdal Shams were acquired by the American University of Beirut and Harvard University. Charles E. Hamlin, "Results of an Examination of Syrian Molluscan Fossils, Chiefly from the Range of Mount Lebanon," ''Memoirs of the Museum of Comparative Geology at Harvard College ''10.3 (April 1884). Some travelers wrote vivid descriptions of Majdal Shams. Herbert Rix visited the town around 1907, and commented that "The whole place swarms with children, and many of them are so pretty that the traveller is at first greatly attracted to them." Herbert Rix, ''Tent and Testament: A Camping Tour in Palestine with Some Notes on Scripture Sites'' (London: Williams and Norgate, 1907): 98 James Kean, who wrote about the town in the 1890s, described Majdal Shams as a "remarkable village" and noted that it was "famous for the manufacture of steel blades." James Kean, ''Among the Holy Places: A Pilgrimage Through Palestine'' (London: T.F. Unwin, 1895): 290-294 Workshops in Majdal Shams continued to make souvenir daggers for European tourists until the 1950s. Munir Fakher Eldin, “Art and Colonial Modernityin the Occupied Golan Heights” (Lecture, Fatah Mudarris Center, Majdal Shams,28 June 2012) French Mandate and Independent Syria Majdal Shams played a significant role in the Great Syrian Revolt of 1925-1927. In October 1925, a few months after Syrian Druze had begun fighting French forces in the nearby province of Jabal al-Duruz, a group of the town's Druze residents looted local Christian property. Mandate authorities sent troops to restore order, and community leaders contacted the central command of the revolt for assistance defending the town against the French. Lenka Bokova, Laconfrontation franco-syrienne à l’époque du mandat, 1925-1927 (Paris:Editions L’Harmattan, 1990), 220-221 In response, rebel leader Zaid al-Atrash (brother of Sultan al-Atrash) led a force of 1,000 men to Majdal Shams. Zaid al-Atrash drove French troops from the area and established a rebel garrison in Majdal Shams to guard the road between Damascus and Marjayoun. Bokova, ''La confrontation'', 223 The garrison housed up to 10,000 rebels until April 1926, when French forces launched a renewed attack on the town. During the assault, French soldiers destroyed much of Majdal Shams and killed approximately 80 residents of the town. Tayseer Mara’i and Usama R. Halabi, “Life Under Occupation in the Golan Heights,” ''Journal of Palestine Studies'' 22.1 (Autumn 1992), 78-93; Hassan Khater, ''Monument to the Maryrs of the Great Syrian Revolt'', 1925, Buq’ātha, Golan Heights Beginning in the 1930s, Majdal Shams residents and community leaders became involved in political developments in nearby Mandatory Palestine. During the 1936–39 Arab revolt in Palestine, traditional leader Assad Kanj Abu Salah proposed forming a local militia to assist the rebels. The plan did not come to fruition; according to conflicting accounts, the militia never formed, or engaged in only a single symbolic attack on the Syria-Palestine border. Laila Parsons, The Druze Between Palestine and Israel, 1947-49 (New York: St.Martin’s Press, 2000): 31; Yoav Gelber, “Druze and Jews in the War of 1948,” Middle Eastern Studies 31.2 (April 1995): 234 During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Abu Salah's son Sultan formed a militia of 300 local men. The militia offered to serve as paid mercenaries for Zionist forces, but later volunteered with Palestinian and Arab forces. Gelber, “Druze and Jews": 233; Kais M. Firro, ''The Druzes in the Jewish State: A Brief History'' (Brill: Leiden, 1999): 43-44 Majdal Shams was integrated into economic networks that extended into Lebanon and other parts of Syria. The town traded local grapes for olives grown in Fiq (Fiq, Syria), 50 kilometers to the south. Sakr Abu Fakhr, “Voices from the Golan,” ''Journal ofPalestine Studies 29.4'' (August 2000): 9 Men from Majdal Shams harvested cedar wood in Lebanon, which they manufactured into plows and sold in as-Suwayda. Abu Fakhr, "Voices": 14 In the 1950s, some local residents travelled to Lebanon to work in construction. Munir Fakher Eldin, “Art and Colonial Modernity in the Occupied Golan Heights” (Lecture, Fatah Mudarris Center, Majdal Shams, 28 June 2012) Residents of Majdal Shams received access to Syrian state services. By the 1960s, there was a public elementary school in Majdal Shams. Residents attended the regional high school and registered marriages at the court in Quneitra. Aharon Layish, ''Marriage, Divorce and Succession in the Druze Family: A Study Based on Decisions of Druze Arbitrators and Religious Courts in Israel and the Golan Heights'' (Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1982): 36; Sakr Abu Fakhr, “Voices from the Golan,” ''Journal of Palestine Studies'' 29.4 (August 2000): 15 These institutions served to integrate the community into the broader region and state. Israeli occupation thumb 250px Majdal Shams in winter (File:PikiWiki Israel 30172 Cities in Israel.JPG) thumb 250px The Purple Line (ceasefire line) barrier (File:Majdal Shams border 11.jpg) between the Israeli-occupied portion of the Golan Heights and Syrian controlled territory Since the June 1967 Six-Day War, Majdal Shams has been under Israeli control. During the 1967 Six Day War, residents of the nearby towns of Ain Fit, Banias, Jubata ez-Zeit, and Za'ura took shelter in Majdal Shams. After Israeli forces had secured the area, soldiers forced refugees across the ceasefire line into Syrian controlled territory, but permitted residents of Majdal Shams and a few other communities to remain in their homes. Tayseer Mara’i and Usama R. Halabi, “Life Under Occupation in the Golan Heights,” ''Journal of Palestine Studies'' 22.1 (Autumn 1992): 79 As Israel and Syria fortified the ceasefire line, which ran along the eastern edge of Majdal Shams, the community was isolated from the rest of Syria. Many residents were separated from their relatives living or working in Syrian-controlled territory—as many as 50% from at least one sibling, parent, or child. Peter Ford, “Families Long for an End to Shouting,” ''Christian Science Monitor'' (27 October 1992): 7 During the 1970s, the Israeli government actively worked to integrate Majdal Shams into Israel. The state opened a public elementary school in Majdal Shams and a public secondary school in the nearby town of Mas'ade. “The Struggle of Identity Between the Israeli Education System and the Syrian Arab Programs: Paper Presented By Al Marsad, the Arab Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Syrian Golan, on Behalf of the Convenio 2015 at the WEF Forum, Haifa,30 October 2010” (Lecture, WEF Forum Haifa, 30 October 2010); Bashar Tarabieh, “Education, Control, and Resistance in the Golan Heights,” ''Middle East Report'' 195 195 (May–August 1995): 44 These schools originally used curricula developed for Arab citizens of Israel, and later adopted curricula designed specifically for Druze children. The Struggle of Identity Between the Israeli Education System and the Syrian Arab Programs: Paper Presented By Al Marsad, the Arab Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Syrian Golan, on Behalf of the Convenio2015 at the WEF Forum, Haifa, 30 October 2010” (Lecture, WEF Forum Haifa, 30 October 2010); Mara’i and Halabi, “Life Under Occupation”: 81 Israeli authorities confiscated large amounts of private and communal land for military use and earmarked a disproportionate percentage of local water resources for Israeli settlements. Al-Marsad: The Arab Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Syrian Golan, “The Occupied Syrian Golan: Background” (Majdal Shams: Al-Marsad, The Arab Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Syrian Golan, 2010) As a result, many residents who had previously worked in agriculture were forced to seek employment with Israeli companies, often in construction. Majdal Shams retained close ties to Syria. Residents frequently gathered at the eastern edge of the village with bullhorns to shout messages to friends and relatives on the Syrian side of the ceasefire line. Hannah Russell ed., ''Breaking Down the Fence: Addressing the Illegality of Family Separation in the Occupied Syrian Golan'' (Majdal Shams: Al-Marsad, The Arab Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Syrian Golan, 2010). Through the 1970s, and often later, many households refused to pay taxes to the state of Israel. Felicia Langer, ''With My Own Eyes: Israel and the Occupied Territories 1967-1973'' (London: Ithaca Press, 1975): 118-119 In 1981,when the Israeli Knesset formally annexed at 520 m above sea level. *Jesus Trail - a 65 km hiking and pilgrimage route in the Galilee region of Israel that traces routes Jesus may have walked, connecting many sites from his life and ministry. The trail begins in Nazareth, and passes through Sepphoris, Cana (Kafr Kanna), the Horns of Hattin, Mount Arbel Cliffs, the Sea of Galilee, Capernaum, Tabgha, the Mount of Beatitudes, Tiberias, the Jordan River, Mount Tabor, and Mount Precipice. *Golan Trail - a 125 km route from the slopes of Mt. Hermon to the southern Golan Heights. It passes many towns and settlements including Majdal Shams, Nimrod (Nimrod, Golan Heights), Masade, Buq'ata, Odem, Merom Golan, and Ein Zivan. *Valley of Springs Trail - a 120 km route in and around the Jordan Valley (Jordan Valley (Middle East)), terminating in Beit She'an and on Mount Gilboa near Kibbutz Meirav. The trail connects numerous springs (for which the area is famous) and other historical and natural attractions. 55 Kiryat Shmona, Maayan Baruch, HaGoshrim, She'ar Yashuv, Dafna, Dan (Dan (kibbutz)), Snir, Si'on Junc., Neve Ativ, Majdal Shams, Mas'adah, Buq'ata, El Rom, Merom Golan, Ein Zivan, Ortal, Katzrin, Beit Saida Junc., Gadot, Mishmar HaYarden, Mahanaim, Camp Yiftah, Hazor HaGelilit -


local news

in Lebanon as it sets third Guinness food record" . Retrieved October 26, 2009. The Daily Star date 26 October 2009 location Beirut quote The tabbouleh dish weighed in at an even more astonishing


phrase quot

being marked by the Sa'ar Stream; however, administratively usually they are being lumped together. Etymology The origin of the name Majdal Shams is obscure. One hypothesis traces the name to the Northwest Semitic phrase "tower of sun," possibly in reference to the town's elevation. at 520 m above sea level. *Jesus Trail - a 65 km hiking and pilgrimage route in the Galilee region of Israel that traces routes Jesus may have walked, connecting many sites from his life and ministry. The trail begins in Nazareth, and passes through Sepphoris, Cana (Kafr Kanna), the Horns of Hattin, Mount Arbel Cliffs, the Sea of Galilee, Capernaum, Tabgha, the Mount of Beatitudes, Tiberias, the Jordan River, Mount Tabor, and Mount Precipice. *Golan Trail - a 125 km route from the slopes of Mt. Hermon to the southern Golan Heights. It passes many towns and settlements including Majdal Shams, Nimrod (Nimrod, Golan Heights), Masade, Buq'ata, Odem, Merom Golan, and Ein Zivan. *Valley of Springs Trail - a 120 km route in and around the Jordan Valley (Jordan Valley (Middle East)), terminating in Beit She'an and on Mount Gilboa near Kibbutz Meirav. The trail connects numerous springs (for which the area is famous) and other historical and natural attractions. 55 Kiryat Shmona, Maayan Baruch, HaGoshrim, She'ar Yashuv, Dafna, Dan (Dan (kibbutz)), Snir, Si'on Junc., Neve Ativ, Majdal Shams, Mas'adah, Buq'ata, El Rom, Merom Golan, Ein Zivan, Ortal, Katzrin, Beit Saida Junc., Gadot, Mishmar HaYarden, Mahanaim, Camp Yiftah, Hazor HaGelilit -


studies

, “Life Under Occupation in the Golan Heights,” ''Journal of Palestine Studies'' 22.1 (Autumn 1992), 78-93; Hassan Khater, ''Monument to the Maryrs of the Great Syrian Revolt'', 1925, Buq’ātha, Golan Heights Beginning in the 1930s, Majdal Shams residents and community leaders became involved in political developments in nearby Mandatory Palestine. During the 1936–39 Arab revolt in Palestine, traditional leader Assad Kanj Abu Salah proposed forming a local militia to assist

the rebels. The plan did not come to fruition; according to conflicting accounts, the militia never formed, or engaged in only a single symbolic attack on the Syria-Palestine border. Laila Parsons, The Druze Between Palestine and Israel, 1947-49 (New York: St.Martin’s Press, 2000): 31; Yoav Gelber, “Druze and Jews in the War of 1948,” Middle Eastern Studies 31.2 (April 1995): 234 During the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, Abu Salah's son Sultan formed a militia of 300 local men

, “Voices from the Golan,” ''Journal ofPalestine Studies 29.4'' (August 2000): 9 Men from Majdal Shams harvested cedar wood in Lebanon, which they manufactured into plows and sold in as-Suwayda. Abu Fakhr, "Voices": 14 In the 1950s, some local residents travelled to Lebanon to work in construction. Munir Fakher Eldin, “Art and Colonial Modernity in the Occupied Golan Heights” (Lecture, Fatah

Majdal Shams

'''Majdal Shams''' ( first under martial law (Israeli Military Governorate), but since 1981 under Israeli civil law, and incorporated into the Israeli system of local councils (local council (Israel)). Majdal Shams is the largest of the four remaining Druze-Syrian communities on the Israeli-occupied side of Mount Hermon and the Golan Heights, together with Ein Qiniyye, Mas'ade and Buq'ata. Geographically a distinction is made between the Golan Heights and Mount Hermon, the boundary being marked by the Sa'ar Stream; however, administratively usually they are being lumped together.

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