Mahdia

What is Mahdia known for?


military history

of the Western Mediterranean, which allowed the First Crusade to be supplied by sea. Fuller, J.F.C., ''A Military History of the Western World, Volume I'', Da Capo Press, 1987, p. 408 ISBN 0-306-80304-6 The Zirid dynasty had its residence here in the 11th century, but was brought to an end by the Norman conquest of the city in 1148. In 1160 the city came under Almohad rule. Tunisia: History. LookLex Encyclopaedia. The role of the capital was taken over by Tunis in the 12th century during the Almohad era, which it remained during the Hafsid Dynasty. Some buildings still exist from the 10th and 11th centuries, such as the Great Mosque (Great mosque of Mahdia) and the Casbah, which have helped make the city an important tourist attraction. Later the city was subject to many raids. In 1390 it was the target of the Mahdian Crusade, when a French army laid siege to the city but failed to take it. The city was captured (Capture of Mahdiye (1550)) by the Spaniards in 1550. A Spanish garrison remained there until 1553. Charles V (Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor) then offered the charge of the town to the Order of Saint John (Knights Hospitaller) who ruled Malta (History of Malta under the Order of Saint John) but they refused it deeming it too expensive. '''Philip of Mahdia''', of Greek (Greeks) origin, was the emir of Palermo, the second ''ammiratus ammiratorum (Admiral)'', and successor of the great George of Antioch. He was a eunuch who rose through the ranks of the royal ''curia'' in Palermo until he was eventually one of King Roger II's most trusted men. On George's death in year 546 of the Hegira (Hijri year) (AD 1151 or 1152), Roger appointed him to the highest post in the kingdom. In 1060 Pisa engaged in its first battle with Genoa, and the Pisan victory helped to consolidate its position in the Mediterranean. Pope Gregory VII recognized in 1077 the new "laws and customs of the sea" instituted by the Pisans, and Emperor Henry IV granted them the right to name their own consuls, advised by a Council of Elders. This was simply a confirmation of the present situation, because in those years the marquis had already been excluded from power. In 1092 Pope Urban II awarded Pisa supremacy over Corsica and Sardinia, and at the same time raised the town to the rank of archbishopric. Pisa sacked the Tunisian city of Mahdia in 1088. Four years later Pisan and Genoese ships helped Alfonso VI of Castile to force El Cid out of Valencia.


408

of the Western Mediterranean, which allowed the First Crusade to be supplied by sea. Fuller, J.F.C., ''A Military History of the Western World, Volume I'', Da Capo Press, 1987, p. 408 ISBN 0-306-80304-6 The Zirid dynasty had its residence here in the 11th century, but was brought to an end by the Norman conquest of the city in 1148. In 1160 the city came under Almohad rule. Tunisia: History. LookLex

to Genoa, Venice (Republic of Venice), and Pisa. This enabled the troops of the First Crusade to be supplied by sea. In 1092 Genoa and Pisa in collaboration with Alfonso VI of León and Castile attacked the Muslim Taifa of Valencia and besieged Tortosa with support from troops


political cultural

The Fatimids established the Tunisian city of Mahdia and made it their capital city, before conquering Egypt, and building the city of Cairo in 969. Thereafter, Cairo became the capital of the caliphate, with Egypt becoming the political, cultural, and religious centre of the state. The 4th century AH 10th century CE has been called by Louis Massignon ‘the Ismaili century in the history of Islam’. In his “Mutanabbi devant le siècle ismaëlien de l’Islam”, in Mém. de l’Inst. Français


oil works

: www.islalocalcouncil.com promseng.htm#claude publisher Senglea Local Council accessdate 5 October 2014 The emperor ordered the Viceroy of Sicily, Juan de Vega, to dismantle Mahdia despite it being a strategically important stronghold. The demolition tasks were carried out by Hernando de Acuña. Shortly after Mahdia was reoccupied by the Ottomans, but only to live by fishing and oil-works, and the town lost its logistic and commercial importance. It remained under Turkish rule until the 19th century. During the Nazi Occupation of Tunisia in World War II, Mahdia was the site where Khaled Abdelwahhab hid approximately two dozen persecuted Jews (Tunisian Jews). Climate '''Philip of Mahdia''', of Greek (Greeks) origin, was the emir of Palermo, the second ''ammiratus ammiratorum (Admiral)'', and successor of the great George of Antioch. He was a eunuch who rose through the ranks of the royal ''curia'' in Palermo until he was eventually one of King Roger II's most trusted men. On George's death in year 546 of the Hegira (Hijri year) (AD 1151 or 1152), Roger appointed him to the highest post in the kingdom. In 1060 Pisa engaged in its first battle with Genoa, and the Pisan victory helped to consolidate its position in the Mediterranean. Pope Gregory VII recognized in 1077 the new "laws and customs of the sea" instituted by the Pisans, and Emperor Henry IV granted them the right to name their own consuls, advised by a Council of Elders. This was simply a confirmation of the present situation, because in those years the marquis had already been excluded from power. In 1092 Pope Urban II awarded Pisa supremacy over Corsica and Sardinia, and at the same time raised the town to the rank of archbishopric. Pisa sacked the Tunisian city of Mahdia in 1088. Four years later Pisan and Genoese ships helped Alfonso VI of Castile to force El Cid out of Valencia.


quot voice

when she sortied with Task Group 34.8 (TG 34.8), the Northern Attack Group for Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa. The objective assigned to this group was Mehedia (Mahdia) near Port Lyautey and the port itself. The ships arrived off the assault beaches early in the morning of 8 November and began preparations for the invasion. ''Texas'' transmitted Lieutenant General (Lieutenant General (United States)) Dwight D. Eisenhower's first "Voice of Freedom"


great commercial

dīwān year 2002 publisher Cambridge University Press location Cambridge isbn 0521816920 url http: books.google.nl books?id pXXYfJ9woRwC&dq %22ali+ibn+yahya%22+zirid&hl nl&source gbs_navlinks_s page 85 Africa * Unable to feed its population during a famine, the emir of the great commercial center of Mahdia has to recognize the de facto protectorate of Roger II of Sicily. '''Philip of Mahdia''', of Greek (Greeks) origin, was the emir of Palermo, the second ''ammiratus ammiratorum (Admiral)'', and successor of the great George of Antioch. He was a eunuch who rose through the ranks of the royal ''curia'' in Palermo until he was eventually one of King Roger II's most trusted men. On George's death in year 546 of the Hegira (Hijri year) (AD 1151 or 1152), Roger appointed him to the highest post in the kingdom. In 1060 Pisa engaged in its first battle with Genoa, and the Pisan victory helped to consolidate its position in the Mediterranean. Pope Gregory VII recognized in 1077 the new "laws and customs of the sea" instituted by the Pisans, and Emperor Henry IV granted them the right to name their own consuls, advised by a Council of Elders. This was simply a confirmation of the present situation, because in those years the marquis had already been excluded from power. In 1092 Pope Urban II awarded Pisa supremacy over Corsica and Sardinia, and at the same time raised the town to the rank of archbishopric. Pisa sacked the Tunisian city of Mahdia in 1088. Four years later Pisan and Genoese ships helped Alfonso VI of Castile to force El Cid out of Valencia.


world power

crescents; in 1793 the number of crescents was reduced to one and an eight-pointed star was later added on, when the rule of the Ottoman Empire ended, Turkey was the only Muslim state regarded as a world power at the time. Its flag was known from West Africa to the Far East, and helped to popularize the crescent and star among the Muslim populations of many countries of Asia and Africa. Muhammad Ali, who became Pasha of Egypt in 1805, introduced the first national flag of Egypt, red with three white crescents, each accompanied by a white star. This flag, in turn, influenced the design of the first flag of independent Egypt, which was green with a white crescent and three white stars to symbolize the peaceful co-existence of Muslims, Christians and Jews. During the past two centuries the crescent and star has featured on the flags of other Muslim countries. Operation Torch On 23 October 1942, ''Texas'' embarked upon her first major combat operation when she sortied with Task Group 34.8 (TG 34.8), the Northern Attack Group for Operation Torch, the invasion of North Africa. The objective assigned to this group was Mehedia (Mahdia) near Port Lyautey and the port itself. The ships arrived off the assault beaches early in the morning of 8 November and began preparations for the invasion. ''Texas'' transmitted Lieutenant General (Lieutenant General (United States)) Dwight D. Eisenhower's first "Voice of Freedom" broadcast, asking the French not to oppose Allied landings on North Africa. When the troops went ashore, ''Texas'' did not come immediately into action to support them. At that point in the war, amphibious warfare doctrine was still embryonic; and many did not recognize the value of a pre-landing bombardment. Instead, the Army insisted upon attempting surprise. ''Texas'' finally entered the fray early in the afternoon when the Army requested her to destroy an ammunition dump near Port Lyautey. One more gunfire mission was provided on the 10th before the ceasefire on 11 November. Action Report, Battleship Texas, 19 November 1942 http: commons.wikimedia.org wiki File:N._Africa_Nov_1942_gun_firing.jpg Thus, unlike in later operations, she expended only 273 rounds of '''Philip of Mahdia''', of Greek (Greeks) origin, was the emir of Palermo, the second ''ammiratus ammiratorum (Admiral)'', and successor of the great George of Antioch. He was a eunuch who rose through the ranks of the royal ''curia'' in Palermo until he was eventually one of King Roger II's most trusted men. On George's death in year 546 of the Hegira (Hijri year) (AD 1151 or 1152), Roger appointed him to the highest post in the kingdom. In 1060 Pisa engaged in its first battle with Genoa, and the Pisan victory helped to consolidate its position in the Mediterranean. Pope Gregory VII recognized in 1077 the new "laws and customs of the sea" instituted by the Pisans, and Emperor Henry IV granted them the right to name their own consuls, advised by a Council of Elders. This was simply a confirmation of the present situation, because in those years the marquis had already been excluded from power. In 1092 Pope Urban II awarded Pisa supremacy over Corsica and Sardinia, and at the same time raised the town to the rank of archbishopric. Pisa sacked the Tunisian city of Mahdia in 1088. Four years later Pisan and Genoese ships helped Alfonso VI of Castile to force El Cid out of Valencia.


white

of the kings of Damascus and Lucha (yellow with a white crescent); Cairo (white with a blue crescent); Mahdia in Tunisia (white with a purple crescent); Tunis (white with a black crescent); and Buda (white with a red crescent). Some of the 14 and 15th-century portolanos show the flag of Tunis as red with one or two crescents, which is presented on several portolanos as a symbol of the Ottoman Empire. From 16th to the 18th centuries this flag is usually shown with three white

of Egypt, red with three white crescents, each accompanied by a white star. This flag, in turn, influenced the design of the first flag of independent Egypt, which was green with a white crescent and three white stars to symbolize the peaceful co-existence of Muslims, Christians and Jews. During the past two centuries the crescent and star has featured on the flags of other Muslim countries. Operation Torch On 23 October 1942, ''Texas'' embarked upon her first major combat operation

of a Franciscan friar. There are discrepancies between these sources as far as the colours of fields or crescents are concerned. However, an account of flags from the Middle East and North Africa by the author of Libro de Conoscimento confirms the widespread use of the crescent of flags in that region. These include: the flags of the kings of Damascus and Lucha (yellow with a white crescent); Cairo (white with a blue crescent);Mahdia; in Tunisia (white


critical role

, and the promontory on which an important military settlement had been since the time of the Phoenicians. In 1087 the town was attacked (Mahdia campaign) by raiding ships from Genoa and Pisa who burned the Muslim fleet in the harbor. The attack played a critical role in Christians' seizure of control


early centuries

of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragon unsuccessfully. '''Philip of Mahdia''', of Greek (Greeks) origin, was the emir of Palermo, the second ''ammiratus ammiratorum (Admiral)'', and successor of the great George of Antioch. He was a eunuch who rose through the ranks of the royal ''curia'' in Palermo until he was eventually one of King Roger II's most trusted men. On George's death in year 546 of the Hegira (Hijri year) (AD 1151 or 1152), Roger appointed him to the highest post in the kingdom. In 1060 Pisa engaged in its first battle with Genoa, and the Pisan victory helped to consolidate its position in the Mediterranean. Pope Gregory VII recognized in 1077 the new "laws and customs of the sea" instituted by the Pisans, and Emperor Henry IV granted them the right to name their own consuls, advised by a Council of Elders. This was simply a confirmation of the present situation, because in those years the marquis had already been excluded from power. In 1092 Pope Urban II awarded Pisa supremacy over Corsica and Sardinia, and at the same time raised the town to the rank of archbishopric. Pisa sacked the Tunisian city of Mahdia in 1088. Four years later Pisan and Genoese ships helped Alfonso VI of Castile to force El Cid out of Valencia.

Mahdia

'''Mahdia''' ( al-Mahdiya), is a Tunisian coastal city with 79,545 inhabitants, south of Monastir (Monastir, Tunisia) and southeast of Sousse.

Mahdia is a provincial centre north of Sfax. It is important for the associated fish-processing industry, as well as weaving. It is the capital of Mahdia Governorate.

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