What is Madagascar known for?

population producing

substantial economic growth but the benefits were not evenly spread throughout the population, producing tensions over the increasing cost of living and declining living standards among the poor and some segments of the middle class. As of 2014, the economy has been weakened by the recently concluded political crisis and quality of life remains low for the majority of the Malagasy population. Etymology In the Malagasy language, the island of Madagascar is called ''Madagasikara''

time production

. In northern Nigeria, it is used with millet powder to prepare ''kunun tsamiya'', a traditional pap mostly used as breakfast, and usually eaten with bean cake. Two or three species of ''Alopochen'' from the Madagascar region have become extinct in the last 1000 years or so: * Mauritian Shelduck, ''Alopochen mauritianus'' - Mauritius, late 1690s By the time production ended in 1981 the factory at Saratov had produced 1,011 aircraft

political education

Mancham) fled to the UK and South Africa due to political persecution and fear of the new government's alignment with the Soviet Union, Tanzania and North Korea. René also faced international pressure regarding his government's former requirement that all applicants to the country's secondary education system graduate a compulsory National Youth Service which included traditional curricula, political education and, according to critics, ideological indoctrination

distinctive species

. It is estimated that Africa alone hosts at least 1,600 species. Central America and Mexico have approximately 120 species, as far north as the Rio Grande in southern Texas. Madagascar has its own distinctive species (''Oxylapia'', ''Paratilapia'', ''Paretroplus'', ''Ptychochromis'', and ''Ptychochromoides''), only distantly related to those on the African mainland. ref name "fishbase_CS"

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: ''Zoosphaerium'') journal African Invertebrates volume 51 issue 1 pages 133–161 url http: Wesener_etal_2010_51_1_466.aspx Australasia and South East Asia. ref name "Field

" They have thirteen body segments, and do not possess repugnatorial glands. Five species, all in the genus ''Procyliosoma'' are present in New Zealand, and around thirty species in three or more genera are present in Australia.

major training

for "Yankee Station", a half-a-world away. The next day, the ship's complement of men and machines was brought up to full strength as ''America'' recovered the remainder of CVW-6's aircraft off the coast of the Carolinas. En route, she conducted one last major training exercise. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, was the next stop en route to southeast Asia, ''America'' s first to that city and continent. Now with her course set almost due east, ''America'' sailed through waters she had

elaborate building

of a 30 cm long tube, was described in 1822 by Aubert du Petit-Thouars, and later Charles Darwin famously predicted that there must be some specialised animal to feed from it: By 1642 he started building the Chateau de Montagne on his estate called La Fontaine. This was an elaborate building, credited as being one of the grandest ever constructed in the Americas, though today it is in ruins. The grounds of La Fontaine were also heavily planted with exotic tropical plants. He

size including

in Madagascar and in Brazil. '''Bassas da India''' (also called '''Basse de Judie''') is part of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands. It is an uninhabited, roughly circular atoll about to the east) and Mozambique

home victory

is the national team of Madagascar and is controlled by the Fédération Malagasy de Football. It has never qualified for the finals of the World Cup (FIFA World Cup) or the Africa Cup of Nations. Among its biggest wins was a 1–0 home victory over Egypt (Egypt national football team) in the qualification rounds (2004 African Cup of Nations qualification) of the 2004 African Cup of Nations. Reflecting the official name of the country at the time, the team was known

related species

"hinchcliffe98" The '''Broad-billed Roller''', ''Eurystomus glaucurus'', is a member of the roller family of birds which breeds across tropical Africa and Madagascar in all but the driest regions. It is a wet season breeder, which migrates (bird migration) from the northern and southern areas of its range towards the moister equatorial belt in the dry season. There is a closely related species in Madagascar, the Madagascar Malachite Kingfisher, or Malagasy

Adaptive radiations Oceanic islands are frequently inhabited by clusters of closely related species that fill a variety of ecological niches, often niches that are filled by very different species on continents. Such clusters, like the Finches of the Galapagos, Hawaiian honeycreepers, members of the sunflower family on the Juan Fernandez Archipelago and wood weevils on St. Helena are called adaptive radiations because they are best explained by a single


'''Madagascar''', officially the '''Republic of Madagascar''' ( ) and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of Southeast Africa. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar (Madagascar (island)) (the fourth-largest island (List of islands by area) in the world), as well as numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from India around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. Consequently, Madagascar is a biodiversity hotspot; over 90 percent of its wildlife (wildlife of Madagascar) is found nowhere else on Earth. The island's diverse ecosystems and unique wildlife are threatened by the encroachment of the rapidly growing human population and other environmental threats.

Initial human settlement of Madagascar occurred between 350 BC and AD 550 by Austronesian peoples arriving on outrigger canoes from Borneo. These were joined around AD 1000 by Bantu (Bantu peoples) migrants crossing the Mozambique Channel from East Africa. Other groups continued to settle on Madagascar over time, each one making lasting contributions to Malagasy cultural life. The Malagasy ethnic group (Malagasy people) is often divided into eighteen or more sub-groups (Ethnic groups of Madagascar) of which the largest are the Merina (Merina people) of the central highlands.

Until the late 18th century, the island of Madagascar was ruled by a fragmented assortment of shifting socio-political alliances. Beginning in the early 19th century, most of the island was united and ruled as the Kingdom of Madagascar (Merina Kingdom) by a series (List of Malagasy monarchs) of Merina nobles (andriana). The monarchy collapsed in 1897 when the island was absorbed into the French colonial empire, from which the island gained independence in 1960. The autonomous state of Madagascar has since undergone four major constitutional periods, termed Republics. Since 1992 the nation has officially been governed as a constitutional democracy from its capital at Antananarivo. However, in a popular uprising in 2009 (2009 Malagasy political crisis) president Marc Ravalomanana was made to resign and presidential power was transferred in March 2009 to Andry Rajoelina in a move widely viewed by the international community as a ''coup d'état''. Constitutional governance was restored in January 2014 when Hery Rajaonarimampianina was named president following a 2013 election (Malagasy general election, 2013) deemed fair and transparent by the international community.

In 2012, the population of Madagascar was estimated at just over 22 million, 90 percent of whom live on less than two dollars per day. Malagasy (Malagasy language) and French (French language) are both official languages of the state. The majority of the population adheres to traditional beliefs (Malagasy mythology), Christianity (Christianity in Madagascar), or an amalgamation of both. Ecotourism and agriculture, paired with greater investments in education, health and private enterprise, are key elements of Madagascar's development strategy. Under Ravalomanana these investments produced substantial economic growth but the benefits were not evenly spread throughout the population, producing tensions over the increasing cost of living and declining living standards among the poor and some segments of the middle class. As of 2014, the economy has been weakened by the recently concluded political crisis and quality of life remains low for the majority of the Malagasy population.

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