) lat 49.82746 long 24.02277 directions SW 1.5 km from old town - Tram 3, 5, 9, 11 to 'Kultury Park' phone +380 32 2727877 hours price content in the Halych district of the city , interesting garden art local value ( 1984 ). is one of the best organized and modern green zones containing a concert and dance hall, stadium, the town of attractions, central stage, numerous cafes and restaurants. In the park there are Ferris wheel. - Located between the streets Striyske , Guardyisko
str lat 49.8253 long 24.0030 directions West 4km - Between the streets of Chuprinky (former Pushkina) and Pryrodnoiu - Tram 2 to stop 'Hordynskyh St' phone hours price content The land area 10.8 ha. There is a flower collection, educational area and a small research farm. Also the collection include about 200 species of trees and shrubs. * Commons:Category:Lviv Wikipedia:Lviv Dmoz:Regional Europe Ukraine Provinces Lviv Oblast Lviv
Swedish Championship , a title he's won six times since, including three times in a row from 1997 to 1999. That year, he also won a bronze medal at the Junior World Championships in Lviv. In 1991, he made his debut at the World Championship in Göteborg, and surprised many by winning silver (silver medal). This promising performance was followed up by two fourteenth-places at the next World Championship, before he won the last single-event World Championships in an extra play-off race against Dane Hans Nielsen (Hans Nielsen (speedway rider)) and Australian Craig Boyce. In 1993 he won the Speedway World Pairs Championship with Per Jonsson and Henrik Gustafsson. He also won the 1994 World Team Championship (Speedway World Team Cup). After many successful military campaigns against the Poles, Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky made a triumphant entry into Kiev on Christmas 1648 where he was hailed liberator of the people from Polish captivity. In February 1649, during negotiations in Pereiaslav (Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi) with a Polish delegation, Khmelnytsky had made it clear to the Poles that he was the Knyaz of Ruthenia that stretches all the way to Lviv, Chelm, Halych, and build with the Tatar's help. J. Michałowski, Księga pamiętnicza..., s. 366-367. He warned them about his intention to resume his military campaign. Its geographical location had a positive influence on its development and growth. The town became a flourishing trade center being located on the major trade route between Halych and Lviv and especially during the 15th to 16th century due to support from the Polish king Jan III Sobieski. It also was destroyed during one of the Tatars raids in 1523. The city was later rebuilt and included a castle for defense purposes which later in 18th century was demounted by the Austrian authorities. In 1634 the city was destroyed once again by another Tatar raid. In times of the Khmelnytsky Uprising the Cossack Hetmanate army was reinforces here by the Hungarian regiments of prince Rákóczi (George II Rákóczi) of Transylvania. After the partition of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in 1772 the city became a part of the Austro-Hungary (see: Partitions of Poland). During the revolutionary times in the empire the Ruthenian Council is created in the city in 1848. During 1872-1875 the city was connected to a railroad network. Its first wooden train station was built in 1875. During these times it starting to industrialize. Among the most influencing citizens of the city were Doctor Yevhen Olesnytsky, Father Oleksa Bobykevych, and Father O.Nyzhankivsky. That was about Czechoslovakia. Yes - at the same time, names which were in use in the early twentieth century should, I think, clearly be mentioned - Lemberg for Lviv, for instance, was in common use (it is the location of the 1911 Britannica article, for instance); similarly with Pressburg for Bratislava. john (User:John Kenney) k (User_talk:John Kenney) 05:34, 10 Jun 2005 (UTC) 180px right thumb Antoni Cieszyński (File:Antoni Cieszynski.jpg) '''Antoni Cieszyński''' (b. 31 May 1882 in Oels (Oleśnica), Silesia, Germany - 4 July 1941 in Lwów (Lviv), Poland) was a Polish (Poland) physician, dentist and surgeon. Commons:Category:Lviv Wikipedia:Lviv Dmoz:Regional Europe Ukraine Provinces Lviv Oblast Lviv
centuries; and Ukrainian art from the end of the 18th to the beginning of the 20th centuries. Music Lviv has an active musical and cultural life. Apart from the Lviv Opera it has symphony orchestras, chamber orchestras and the Trembita Chorus. Lviv has one of the most prominent music academy and music colleges in Ukraine the Lviv Conservatory and also has a factory for the manufacture of stringed musical instruments.Lviv has been the home of numerous composers such as Mozart's son
, Ukrainian SSR (Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic), Soviet Union DATE OF DEATH At the early roots of pedology as a separate study was G. Stanley Hall, who was also instrumental in the development of modern educational psychology. The term "pedology" was suggested in 1893 by an American researcher, Oscar Chrisman. At the end of the 19th century, pedology as a comprehensive study of the child became active in Europe as an attempt to create a study of children in the manner of natural sciences. In 1909 a Pedological Society was organized by Professor Kazimierz Twardowski in Lviv, Austro-Hungary (now Ukraine). In 1910 a similar society was organized in Kraków. In 1911 the first World Congress in Pedology was held in Brussels, Belgium, with attendants from 22 countries. Other activities Besides of the summer school, ECPYN organises different other activities, like regional conferences in different parts of Europe and youth programs on ECPM conferences. Examples of these are the regional conference in Tbilisi (Georgia (Georgia (country))) in October 2010 and the Winter schools in Lviv (Ukraine) in January 2011 and Esztergom (Hungary) in January 2012. The '''Cemetery of the Defenders of Lwów''' ( Commons:Category:Lviv Wikipedia:Lviv Dmoz:Regional Europe Ukraine Provinces Lviv Oblast Lviv
beneath a city gate in a blue field. The current version of the symbol was adopted by the city council in 1990. According to principles of the blazoning it features a lion passant Or, beneath a castle gate Or, in azure field. Important tournament victories: Budapest 1989 - I-II places (tied), Vienna 1990 - I-VI, Gausdal 1991 - I-II, Katowice 1992 - I-II, Metz 1993 - I-III, Pardubice 1993 - I-V, Las Palmas 1993 - I-II, Pardubice 1994 - I-II, Stockholm 1994 95 - I, Stockholm 1995 96 - I, Asti 1996 - I, Reggio Emilia (Reggio Emilia chess tournament) 1996 97 - I, Buenos Aires 1998 - I-V, Cutro 1999 - I, Shanghai 2000 - I-II, Barlinek 2001 - I-III, Kavala 2001 - I-II, Bad Wiessee 2001 - I-IV, Wijk aan Zee (Corus chess tournament) 2002, tournament "B" – I, Budapest 2004 - I, Vlissingen 2006 - I, Wijk aan Zee 2007, tournament "C" – I, Elsinore 2007 - I-V, Mumbai 2008 - I-VI, Hilversum 2009 - I-IV, Vlissingen 2009 - I. Runner-up in major tournaments in Hastings (Hastings International Chess Congress) 1993 94 (behind John Nunn), Polanica Zdroj 1995 (behind Veselin Topalov), Pamplona 1998 99 (behind Alexander Morozevich), Lviv 2000, (FIDE Category 17) behind Vassily Ivanchuk. Polanica Zdroj 1998 (Category 17) - III-VI places. Krasenkow achieved notable successes in rapid chess: USSR Cup (Tallinn 1988) - I-II places (tied), European Championships (Gijon 1988) - IV-VII, GMA tournament (Murcia, 1990, with more than 100 Grandmasters (International Grandmaster) participating) - V-VI, USSR Cup (Lviv, 1990) - I, CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) Cup (Moscow, 1991) - I, Russian Open Cup (Moscow, 1997) - I, León (León, Spain) 2010 - I-II. Commons:Category:Lviv Wikipedia:Lviv Dmoz:Regional Europe Ukraine Provinces Lviv Oblast Lviv
awarded ''Best International Band''. thumb right Oleksander Ohloblyn (Image:Ogloblin.jpg) Ohloblyn traced his ancestry to the Novhorod-Siversky region of Left-bank Ukraine, which had formed an important part of the autonomous Ukrainian "Hetmanate" in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and throughout his professional career as a historian retained a lively interest in this area and wrote frequently about it. Educated at the universities in Kiev, Odessa, and Moscow, from 1921 to 1933 he taught history at the Kiev Institute of People's Education (as Kiev University was known after the revolution), but during Joseph Stalin's purges, was dismissed from his posts, forced to recant his allegedly "bourgeois nationalist" views, and suffered repression including several months of imprisonment. In the late 1930s he returned to teaching at Kiev and Odessa universities. When the Germans occupied Kiev in the fall of 1941, Ohloblyn was elected head of the Kiev Municipal Council, a post which he held from September 21 to October 25, and was a member of the Ukrainian National Council which tried to organize Ukrainian life under the difficult conditions of the occupation. he desperately tried to save from execution some of Jews he knew but the German commandant of Kiev informed him that "''the Jewish issue (Final solution) belongs to exclusive jurisdiction of Germans and they will solve it at their own discretion''" (in Russian). Politics under the Nazis was not to his taste and he quickly retired from his public positions and returned to his scholarly work. In 1942 he worked as a director of Kiev Museum-Archive of Transitional Period , whose exhibition compared life under Bolsheviks and under Germans. In 1943 he moved to Lviv in western Ukraine and in 1944 to Prague. Upon the approach of the Red Army, he fled west to Bavaria. From 1946 to 1951, he taught at the Ukrainian Free University in Munich. In 1951, he moved to the United States where he was active in various Ukrainian emigre scholarly institutions such as the Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences in the US and the Ukrainian Historical Association. From 1968 to 1970, he was a Visiting Professor of History at Harvard University. '''David Josef Bach''' (Lemberg (now Lviv), Ukraine, August 13, 1874 – London, UK, January 30, 1947) was an important and influential figure in the cultural life of early twentieth-century Vienna. Life and career Polonska-Vasylenko studied history under Mitrofan Dovnar-Zapol'skiy at Kiev University and from 1912 was a member of the Kiev-based Historical Society of Nestor the Chronicler. From 1916, she was a lecturer at Kiev University and Director of its archeological museum. During the 1920s, the most liberal years of Soviet rule, she was a professor at the Kiev Institutes of Geography, Archeology, and Art, and a Research Associate at the All-Ukrainian Academy of Sciences (VUAN). She witnessed, but survived the Joseph Stalin purges of the 1930s and was a member of the reorganized and Sovietized academy from 1937 to 1941. In 1940, she received her doctorate and became a professor at Kiev University. During the German occupation, she directed the Kiev Central Archive of Old Documents and worked in Kiev City Administration, was responsible for renaming of streets and consulted Kiev Archive Museum of Transitional Period (dedicated to achievements of German occupation and crimes of Communists). As the tide of the war turned against the Germans, she fled west, first to Lviv, then to Prague, and finally to Bavaria. She was a Professor at the Ukrainian Free University in Prague (1944–45), and moved together with this institution to Munich where she continued to teach until her death in 1973. In the 1960s, she took an active part in the establishment of the American-Based Ukrainian Historical Association and was its Vice-president from 1965. Apart from military education of the Ukrainian youth, the UVO tried to prevent cooperation between Ukrainians and Polish authorities. The UVO was involved in a bitter struggle with the Poles during the 1920's. The group was treated harshly and retaliated with violence. It was, however, rather a military protective group rather than a terrorist underground. John Armstrong. ''Ukrainian Nationalism''. second edition Libraries Unlimited, 1963. p 21 It organized a number of assassination attempts on some of the most renowned Polish and Ukrainian politicians, some of which were successful. Among such attempts were a failed assault on Józef Piłsudski and Voivod of Lwów (Lwów Voivodship) Kazimierz Grabowski on September 25, 1921, the successful murder of Ukrainian poet Sydir Tverdohlib and assassinations of Ukrainian activists Wasyl Pihulak and Iwan Bachmaszczuk in 1922, G. Motyka, Ukraińska partyzantka, 1942-1960, PAN, 2006, p. 37 as well as a failed attack on Poland's president Stanisław Wojciechowski in 1924 and ''BBWR (Bezpartyjny Blok Współpracy z Rządem)'' deputy chairman Tadeusz Hołówko. It organized three bomb attacks on the Eastern Trade Fair in Lwów in 1929, bombings of train stations, railway tracks, pumping stations, burnt and blown up police buildings (e.g. in Jaworowo, Gródek, Uhnów, Lubaczów) and Polish households; it was also active in destruction of telegraph, telephone poles and committed a number of expropriation attacks - amongst them - the robbery of 100,000 złoty (then the equivalent of 20,000 dollars) from a Lviv Post Office in 1925. G. Motyka, Ukraińska partyzantka, 1942-1960, PAN, 2006, p. 43 The terrorist actions of the UVO became one of the reasons for creation of the Polish Border Defence Corps. '''Szymon Okolski''' (1580–1653), also known as '''Simon Okolski''', was a well-known Polish-Lithuanian (Polish-Lithuanian commonwealth) historian, theologian, and specialist in heraldry. His own clan and coat of arms were that of Rawicz (Rawa Coat of Arms). Born in Kamieniec Podolski, died in Lviv. He headed chairs of theology in Lviv and Bologna. A member of the Dominican Order, in 1641 he became a superior of the Dominican monastery in Kamieniec Podolski. In 1648 Okolski accepted the post of the ''prowincjał'' (province leader) of the Dominican Order in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth-controlled Ruś territories. The center of the province was located in Lviv. '''Szymon Okolski''' (1580–1653), also known as '''Simon Okolski''', was a well-known Polish-Lithuanian (Polish-Lithuanian commonwealth) historian, theologian, and specialist in heraldry. His own clan and coat of arms were that of Rawicz (Rawa Coat of Arms). Born in Kamieniec Podolski, died in Lviv. He headed chairs of theology in Lviv and Bologna. A member of the Dominican Order, in 1641 he became a superior of the Dominican monastery in Kamieniec Podolski. In 1648 Okolski accepted the post of the ''prowincjał'' (province leader) of the Dominican Order in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth-controlled Ruś territories. The center of the province was located in Lviv. * Blessed (Beatification) Vilmos Apor (1892 – 1945), bishop of the diocese of Győr, beatified in 1997 * Blessed Nykyta Budka (1877 – 1959), auxiliary bishop of Lviv (Lwów), beatified in 2001 * Fr. Edward Flanagan (1886 – 1948), founder of Boys Town (Girls and Boys Town) in the USA thumb left Polish sailors raise the Polish flag on ''Danae'' Commons:Category:Lviv (File:ORP Conrad.jpg) Wikipedia:Lviv Dmoz:Regional Europe Ukraine Provinces Lviv Oblast Lviv
In 981, the Cherven Towns area was captured by Vladimir I and fell under the rule of Kievan Rus. Halych-Volyn Principality thumb right A 17th-century portrait depicting Lev I of Galicia Knyaz Lev of Galicia-Volhynia (File:Lev Danylovich of Halych.PNG) with the silhouette of Lviv in the background Lviv was founded by King Daniel of Galicia in the Ruthenian (Ruthenians) principality of Halych-Volhynia (Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia) and named in honour of his son
cars, International festival of academic music "Virtuosi", Stare Misto Rock Fest, Medieval Festival "Lviv Legend", The International "Etnovyr" Folklore festival, initiated by UNESCO's, International Festival of Visual Art "Wiz- Art", International theatrical festival "Golden Lion", Lviv Lumines Fluorescent Art Festival, Festival of Contemporary Dramaturgy, International Contemporary Music Festival "Contrasts", Lviv International
, the previous home of Dynamo Kyiv (which presently only uses the stadium for major European matches). The alternative stadiums include: Ukraina (Ukraina Stadium) (Lviv), Dnipro Stadium (Dnipropetrovsk), Chornomorets (Chornomorets Stadium) (Odessa), Metalist (Metalist Stadium) (Kharkiv), and now most recently Donbass Arena, along with many others. However as new infrastructure and stadiums are built (especially in preparation for Euro 2012), other venues
will include stadiums in the cities of Lviv, Donetsk, Odessa, among others. Stadiums The most important matches of the Ukrainian national team are held in Kiev's Olimpiysky National Sports Complex, the previous home of Dynamo Kyiv (which presently only uses the stadium for major European matches). The alternative stadiums include: Ukraina (Ukraina Stadium) (Lviv), Dnipro Stadium (Dnipropetrovsk), Chornomorets (Chornomorets Stadium) ( Odessa
'''Lviv''' ( , Latin: ''Leopolis'', ''the city of the lion'') is a city in western Ukraine that was once a major population centre of the Halych-Volyn Principality, the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, the Habsburg Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria, and later the capital of Lwów Voivodeship during the Second Polish Republic.
Formerly capital of the historical region of Galicia (Galicia (Eastern Europe)), Lviv is now regarded as one of the main cultural centres of today's Ukraine (Ukrainian culture). The historical heart of Lviv with its old buildings and cobblestone streets has survived Soviet and Nazi occupation during World War II largely unscathed. The city has many industries and institutions of higher education such as Lviv University and Lviv Polytechnic. Lviv is also a home to many world-class cultural institutions, including a philharmonic orchestra and the famous Lviv Theatre of Opera and Ballet. The historic city centre (Old Town (Lviv)) is on the UNESCO World Heritage List (List of World Heritage Sites in Europe#Ukraine). Lviv celebrated its 750th anniversary with a ''son et lumière (son et lumière (show))'' in the city centre in September 2006.
The archaeological traces of settlement on the site of Lviv city date from as early as the 5th century. Archaeological excavations in 1977 showed Lendian (Lendians) settlement between the 8th and 10th centuries AD. In 1031 the settlement site with the rest of adjacent region was conquered from Mieszko II Lambert King of Poland by prince Yaroslav the Wise. After the invasion of Batu Khan, the city was rebuilt in 1240 by King Daniel (Daniel of Galicia) of the Rurik Dynasty, ruler of the medieval Ruthenian (Ruthenians) kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, and named after his son, Lev (Lev I of Galicia).
The first record of Lviv in chronicles dates from 1256. In 1340 Galicia (Galicia (Eastern Europe)) including Lviv were incorporated into the Kingdom of Poland (Kingdom of Poland (1025–1385)) by Casimir III the Great by inheritance from prince Bolesław Jerzy II of Mazovia. In 1356, Lviv received Magdeburg Rights from King Casimir III the Great. Lviv belonged to the Kingdom of Poland (Crown of the Kingdom of Poland) till 1772. Under subsequent partitions (Partitions of Poland), Lviv became part of the Austrian Empire. From 1918, the city of Lviv became the capital of the Lwów Voivodeship of the Second Polish Republic, until the Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939; it later fell into German hands. On 22 July 1944, following the successful Lwów Uprising, Lviv was liberated from Nazi occupation by Polish troops (Armia Krajowa), cooperating with advancing Soviet forces.
From the 15th century the city acted as a major Polish and later also as a Jewish cultural centre, with Poles and Jews comprising a demographic majority of the city until the outbreak of World War II, and the Holocaust, and the population transfers of Poles (Polish population transfers (1944–1946)) that followed. The other ethnic groups living within the city – Germans, Ruthenians (Ukrainians), and Armenians – also contributed greatly to Lviv's culture. With the joint German–Soviet Invasion of Poland at the outbreak of World War II, the city of Lwów and its province (Lwów Voivodeship) were annexed by the Soviet Union (territories of Poland annexed by the Soviet Union) and became part (occupation of Poland (1939–45)) of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic from 1939 to 1941. Between 30 June 1941 and 27 July 1944 Lwów was under German occupation, and was located in the General Government. On 27 July 1944 it was captured (Lwów Uprising) by the Soviet Red Army (Red Army). According to the agreements of the Yalta Conference, Lwów was transferred to the Ukrainian SSR, most of the Poles living in Lwów were deported into lands newly acquired from Germany under terms of the Potsdam Agreement (officially termed Recovered Territories in Poland), and the city became the main centre of the western part of Soviet Ukraine, inhabited predominantly by Ukrainians with a significant Russian minority.
After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the city of Lviv remained a part of the now independent Ukraine, for which it currently serves as the administrative centre of Lviv Oblast, and is designated as its own raion (district) within that oblast.
On 12 June 2009 the Ukrainian magazine ''Focus (Focus (Ukrainian magazine))'' judged Lviv the best Ukrainian city to live in. Lviv is the best city for living in Ukraine – rating, UNIAN (Ukrainian Independent Information Agency) (12 June 2009) Its more Western European flavor has earned it the nickname the "Little Paris of Ukraine" . The city expected a sharp increase in the number of foreign visitors as a venue for UEFA Euro 2012, and as a result a major new airport terminal has been built.