October 1836, King Louis Philippe (Louis Philippe I) had it placed in the center of Place de la Concorde, where a guillotine used to stand during the Revolution. He was all but lost from history until the discovery, in the 19th century, of Amarna, the site of Akhetaten, the city he built for the Aten. Early excavations at Amarna by Flinders Petrie sparked interest in the enigmatic pharaoh, whose tomb was unearthed in 1907 in a dig led by Edward R. Ayrton. Interest in Akhenaten
an ankh and another where she precedes a Horus hawk wearing the double crown of united Egypt, representing the pharaoh whom she protects. thumb 150px right One of the two Luxor (Image:Louxor obelisk Paris dsc00780.jpg) obelisks in the Place de la Concorde in Paris right thumb Tip of Hatshepsut's fallen obelisk, Karnak Karnak Temple Complex (Image:Obelisk5.jpg), Luxor, Egypt Image:Hippodrome Oblisk.jpg right thumb The Obelisk of Tuthmosis
never be in Concord over this". The joke relies not only upon the fact that Obelix' name is a pun on the word "obelisk", but also to the fact that Napoleon's soldiers took a Luxor Obelisk with them to France and that it can still can be viewed in the Place de la Concorde in Paris. History Mövenpick Hotels and Resorts began in 1973 with the opening of two hotels near Zurich Airport and in Regensdorf. The company was originally called The Mövenpick Hotel Group
The site is located on the west bank of the Nile, across the river from modern-day Luxor. Lesko p. 2 The village is laid out in a small natural amphitheatre, within easy walking distance of the Valley of the Kings to the north, funerary temples to the east and south-east, with the Valley of the Queens to the west. Cambridge Ancient History, p. 379 The village may have been built apart from the wider population in order to preserve secrecy in view of sensitive nature of the work carried out in the tombs. "Archaeologica: the world's most significant sites and cultural treasures", Aedeen Cremin, p. 91, Frances Lincoln, 2007, ISBN 0711228221 right thumb 200px Statue from the intact Tomb of Kha and Merit (Turin Museum) (File:Statuette of Kha (TT8).jpg) Zawahiri enlisted Mustafa Ahmed Hassan Hamza, the new emir of Islamic Groups and its military leader, Ahmed Refai Taha, both exiles in Afghanistan with him, to sabotage the initiative with a massive terrorism attack that would provoke the government into repression. Wright, ''Looming Towers'', (2006), p.256-7 So on November 17, 1997 Al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya killing campaign climaxed with the attack at the Temple of Hatshepsut (Deir el-Bahri) in Luxor, in which a band of six men dressed in police uniforms machine-gunned and hacked to death with knives 58 foreign tourists and four Egyptians. "The killing went on for 45 minutes, until the floors streamed with blood. The dead included a five-year-old British child and four Japanese couples on their honeymoons." Altogether 71 people were killed. The attack stunned Egyptian society, devastated the tourist industry for a number of years, and consequently sapped a large segment of popular support for violent Islamism in Egypt. *28 April 1996 – Europa Hotel shooting, Cairo. killing of 18 Greek (Greece) tourists mistaken for Jews.
. The '''Ebers Papyrus''', also known as '''Papyrus Ebers''', is an Egyptian medical papyrus (Egyptian medical papyri) dating to circa 1550 BC (16th century BC). Among the oldest and most important medical papyri of ancient Egypt, it was purchased at Luxor, (Thebes (Thebes (Egypt))) in the winter of 1873–74 by Georg Ebers. It is currently kept at the library (Leipzig University Library) of the University of Leipzig, in Germany. Modern history of the papyrus Like the Edwin Smith Papyrus, the Ebers Papyrus came into the possession of Edwin Smith (Edwin Smith (Egyptologist)) in 1862. The source of the papyrus is unknown, but it was said to have been found between the legs of a mummy in the Assassif district of the Theban (Thebes, Egypt) necropolis. The papyrus remained in the collection of Edwin Smith until at least 1869 when there appeared, in the catalog of an antiquities dealer, an advertisement for "a large medical papyrus in the possession of Edwin Smith, an American farmer of Luxor." (Breasted 1930) The Papyrus was purchased in 1872 by the German (Germany) Egyptologist and novelist Georg Ebers (born in Berlin, 1837), after whom it is named. In 1875, Ebers published a facsimile with an English-Latin vocabulary and introduction, but it was not translated until 1890, by H. Joachim. Ebers retired from his chair of Egyptology at Leipzig on a pension and the papyrus remains in the University of Leipzig library. An English translation of the Papyrus was published by Paul Ghalioungui. The papyrus was published and translated by different researchers (the most valuable is German edition Grundriss der Medizin der alten Ägypter, and based on this Paul Ghalioungui edition). Mediterranean warfare and the Sea Peoples Around this time large-scale revolts took place in several parts of the Eastern Mediterranean, and attempts to overthrow existing kingdoms were made as a result of economic and political instability by surrounding people who were already plagued with famine and hardship. Part of the Hittite (Hittites) kingdom was invaded and conquered by the so-called Sea Peoples whose origins - perhaps from different parts of the Mediterranean, such as the Black Sea, the Aegean and Anatolian regions - remain obscure. The thirteenth and twelfth-century inscriptions and carvings at Karnak and Luxor are the only sources for "Sea Peoples", a term invented by the Egyptians themselves and recorded in the boastful accounts of Egyptian military successes: Sandars (1978). In Middle East countries, including Lebanon, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Qatar, the word typically describes a waterfront promenade usually paralleled by a main road, such as the renowned Corniche Beirut and the Doha Corniche. In Cairo, the Corniche ("كورنيش" WikiPedia:Luxor Dmoz:Regional Africa Egypt Localities Luxor commons:الأقصر
scenery and a bustling modern life. Districts Although a relatively small town by Egyptian population standards, Luxor is quite extensive. It divides naturally into the areas on each side of the river Nile.
of Amun-Re, 2nd left: View of night in Luxor Temple, 2nd right: Colossi of Memnon Statue, Middle left: Pillars of Great Hypostyle Hall ancient site, Middle right: Hatshepsut Temple in Deir el-Bchari, 4th left: RamsesⅡstatue in Karnak Temple, 4th right: Needle Monument in Karnak Temple, Bottom: View of Pillars of Great Hypostyle Hall ancient site image_flag flag_size image_seal seal_size image_shield shield_size
luxor.gov.eg As the site of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes (Thebes, Egypt), Luxor has frequently been characterized as the "world's greatest open air museum", as the ruins of the temple (Egyptian temple) complexes at Karnak and Luxor (Luxor Temple) stand within the modern city. Immediately opposite, across the River Nile, lie the monuments
is a loanword from the Latin ''castrum'' "fortified camp". '''Online Etymology Dictionary''': Luxor History thumb left Pharaonic statue in Luxor Temple (File:Egypt.LuxorTemple.02.jpg) Luxor was the ancient city of Thebes, the great capital of Egypt during the New Kingdom, and the glorious city of the god Amon-Ra. The city was regarded in the Ancient Egyptian texts as ''w3s.t'' (approximate
. 58 foreign tourists and four Egyptians killed. He also funded the notable excavations at Luxor in Egypt, as well as establishing a Classical Studies School in Athens. In addition, he provided the funding for the construction of the Palestine Archaeological Museum in East Jerusalem - the Rockefeller Museum. Restorations and constructions in France, Egypt, Greece and Jerusalem - see ''Memoirs'', (pp.44-48). Discovery and reconstruction The papyrus
; ref * Shenzhen, China (People's Republic of China), since 1993 友好城市 (Friendly cities), 市外办 (Foreign Affairs Office), 2008-03-22. (Translation by Google Translate.) 国际友好城市一览表 (International Friendship Cities List), 2011-01-20. (Translation by Google
-Mahor at Saqqara, Sixth Dynasty, Teti, c. 2340 BC. thumb right 250px Ancient Egyptian carved scene of circumcision, from the inner northern wall of the Temple of Khonspekhrod (File:Circumcision Precinct of Mut.png) at the Precinct of Mut, Luxor, Egypt. Eighteenth dynasty (Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt), Amenhotep III, c. 1360 BC. '''Luxor Temple''' is a large Ancient Egyptian temple complex located on the east bank of the Nile River in the city today known
gauge networks in countries such as Morocco, Congo (Democratic Republic of the Congo), Angola, Namibia and South Africa, but these have mostly been dismantled or converted. Some also survive in Egypt: in the countryside around Luxor, narrow gauge railways are used for the transportation of sugar cane. The 2008 edition of the travel guide Lonely Planet's guide to Egypt says that the poem was inspired by the fallen statue of Ramesses II at the Ramesseum, a memorial temple built by Ramesses at Thebes (Thebes (Egypt)), near Luxor in Upper Egypt. Lonely Planet 2008 guide to Egypt, 271 This statue, however, does not have "two vast and trunkless legs of stone", nor does it have a "shattered visage" with a "frown And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command." Nor does the base of the statue at Thebes have any inscription, although Ramesses's cartouche is inscribed on the statue itself. Biography He was born in 292 in Thebes (Thebes, Egypt) (Luxor, Egypt) to pagan parents. According to his hagiography, he was swept up against his will in a Roman army recruitment drive at the age of 20, a common occurrence during the turmoils and civil wars of the period, and held in captivity. It was here that local Christians would daily bring food and comforts to the inmates, which made a lasting impression on him, and he vowed to investigate Christianity further when he got out. He was able to get out of the army without ever having to fight, was converted and baptized (314). He then came into contact with a number of well known ascetics and decided to pursue that path. He sought out the hermit Palaemon and came to be his follower (317). King Tutankhamun's mummy still rests in his tomb in the Valley of the Kings. On November 4, 2007, 85 years to the day after Carter's discovery, the 19-year-old pharaoh went on display in his underground tomb at Luxor, when the linen-wrapped mummy was removed from its golden sarcophagus to a climate-controlled glass box. The case was designed to prevent
of Ramesses II. She is said to be the King's daughter of his body, and is the first in a procession of princesses. She is followed by Meritamen in this procession. Bintanath appears twice as a princess in Abu Simbel. Together with Nebettawy she flanks the southern most colossus on the facade of the great temple. On one of the pillars inside the temple she is shown offering flowers to the goddess Anuqet. Kitchen, K.A., Rammeside Inscriptions, Translated
of a social stigma attached to public drunkenness. Although Egyptians themselves sometimes choose to ignore this, for a foreigner to be drunk in public can give a bad impression. Most local pubs tend to be testosterone-filled hard-drinking dens where lone foreigners and especially lone women may feel uncomfortable. That said, there are numerous places in Luxor to buy alcohol. Many restaurants, above the basic on the street places, sell lager and wine. They are generally made obvious by Stella
'''Luxor''' ( Luxor has frequently been characterized as the "world's greatest open air museum", as the ruins of the temple (Egyptian temple) complexes at Karnak and Luxor (Luxor Temple) stand within the modern city. Immediately opposite, across the River Nile, lie the monuments, temples and tombs of the West Bank Necropolis (Theban Necropolis), which includes the Valley of the Kings and Valley of the Queens. Thousands of tourists from all around the world arrive annually to visit these monuments, contributing greatly to the economy of the modern city.