Lahore

What is Lahore known for?


business friendly

sector. Textiles, cement, steel, heavy machinery, chemicals, food, banking and insurance are the major segments contributing to Karachi's GDP. In February 2007, the World Bank identified Karachi as the most business-friendly city in Pakistan. WikiPedia:Lahore


education career

. A tragedy that befell a poor but sincere interfaith peasant couple is heart-rending. The final pages of the book witnesses the events that led to the tragic end of Mahatma Gandhi. The plan of the slaughter of The 'Father of the Nation' by Nathuram Ghodse and men mesmerizes the reader. Education, Career in Academia and Pakistan Army Omar joined the Pakistan Army in 1971 and left it at the rank of a captain in 1973 because of the military action in Baluchistan by Zulfikar Ali Bhutto


founder lead

, Psychedelic rock, Alternative rock '''Junoon''' (Urdu: '''جنون''', literal English translation: "obsession passion") is a sufi rock band from Lahore, Punjab (Punjab (Pakistani province)), Pakistan, formed in 1990. The band is directed by founder, lead guitarist and songwriter, Salman Ahmad, who was soon joined by keyboardist Nusrat Hussain and vocalist Ali Azmat. Junoon is Pakistan's most successful band; the ''Q magazine'' regarded them as "One of the biggest bands in the world" and ''The New York Times'' called Junoon "the U2 of Pakistan". Junoon featuring Salman Ahmad: The U2 of the Muslim World Retrieved on 30 May 2010 Since their inception, the group has released a collective total of nineteen albums: seven studio albums; one soundtrack; two live albums; four video albums; and four compilations. Junoon is also South Asia's most successful band of all time with more than 25 million records sold worldwide. Salman Ahmad Talks “Rock and Roll Jihad” in New York City Retrieved on July 25, 2010. Early years (1980–1989) Junoon's roots stretch back to Tappan, New York, in the 1970s. Salman Ahmad left Lahore, Pakistan, for New York with his family when he was eleven, and received his baptism in rock music when a friend offered him a ticket to a Led Zeppelin concert. Salman Ahmad was so enthralled by the show that he saved $235 to buy his own electric guitar. He also befriended Brian O'Connell (Brian O'Connell (musician)) in Tappan, another young aspiring musician, with whom Ahmad formed their first band together by the name of "Eclipse". Before the two friends could take their aspirations out of the basement and onto a bigger stage, Salman Ahmad's parents moved back to Pakistan in 1981, and Salman began to study medicine at Lahore's King Edward's Medical College (King Edward Medical College). Junoon - Biography Retrieved on May 30, 2010 ‘Prof. Rock Star’ Urges Muslim Students in Queens to Rock Out Retrieved on July 25, 2010 In March 1999, the Prime Minister of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, in a spirit of cross-border friendship, invited the band to perform at the anniversary of his government in Delhi. Travelling in the same gilded bus that Vajpayee had travelled cross-border to shake hands with Pakistan and sign the Lahore declaration, Junoon crossed the Wagah border from Lahore into India. In a very emotional performance before the Prime Minister, they performed the Jupiters hit, "Dosti" onstage with Indian group, Silk Route (Silk Route (band)). Later the same year, Junoon released their fifth studio album, ''Parvaaz'', which was recorded and mixed at Abbey Road Studios in London and was hailed by many critics as the finest work by Junoon to date and was released by EMI internationally and by Lips Records in Pakistan. The album was mostly based on the poetry of Bulleh Shah and singles from the album such as "Bulleya", "Sajna", "Ghoom" and "Mitti" were a success and did well at the music charts. The album was produced by John Alec who came from New York to work on the band's fifth studio album. Also in 1999, UNESCO invited Junoon to perform at their Millennium Peace concert held in Paris, France. Junoon were presented with an award "Outstanding Achievements in Music and Peace" by UNESCO. The event was attended by many well known artists from around the world like Yesudas, Unesco award for musician K.J. Yesudas Lionel Richie, Montserrat Caballe and Zubin Mehta. Famous actors like Gregory Peck, Sidney Poitier, and Peter Ustinov were also present at the concert. By the end of the year, Junoon toured to Bangladesh, where 45,000 ecstatic fans attended the concert at the Bangladesh Army Stadium in Dhaka. On February 16, 2003, Junoon performed at the Basant Festival Show held in Lahore. On May, 5, the band went to Karachi to perform at the PAF Creek Club. On June 18, Junoon performed live at the Royal Albert Hall, London, England. On July, 17, the documentary ''The Rock Star and the Mullahs'' by Wide Angel (Wide Angle (TV series)) was aired on BBC based upon Junoon and music in Islam. "Wide Angle" The Rock Star and the Mullas (2003) Retrieved on July 16, 2010. The Rock Star & The Mullahs Retrieved on July 16, 2010. In December, Junoon released their seventh studio album, ''Dewaar''. Dewaar Review Retrieved on May 18, 2009 Back to Junooni style Retrieved on April 17, 2011. The single "Garaj Baras" was selected as the soundtrack of the Bollywood movie ''Paap'' directed by Pooja Bhatt, Paap Soundtrack Review Retrieved on July 16, 2010. the song topped the charts in the country again in 2004. Another single off the album "Pappu Yaar" shot to the #1 spot on the music charts in Pakistan. This was the album which last featured the trio together. After the release of the band's seventh studio album bassist, Brian O'Connell (Brian O'Connell (musician)) went back to United States and vocalist, Ali Azmat went on to pursue his career as a solo singer. In April 2004, Junoon released their third compilation album, ''Dewaar: The Best of Junoon''. In August, Junoon released ''Ghoom Taana'' video and a special documentary entitled "Building Bridges" which was screened at a launch ceremony in Karachi in time for the Independence Day celebrations of Pakistan and India. On October 14, Journeyman Pictures released a short film documentary based on Pakistani music featuring local rock bands, Junoon and Fuzön. Retrieved on March 20, 2010 Breakup (2005–2008) '' Dewaar '' was the album which last featured the trio together. After the release of the album Brian O'Connell (Brian O'Connell (musician)) went back to United States. My Position in Junoon is Temporarily Non-existent Retrieved on July 27, 2010. Since his departure, Pakistani musician Mekaal Hasan and the band's producer John Alec have been playing bass guitar for live shows in place. On February 2, 2005, Junoon performed a charity concert for the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami victims (2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami) at Alhamra Auditorium (Alhamra Arts Council) in Lahore. On March 3, Salman Ahmad appeared on the documentary ''It's My Country Too: Muslim Americans'' aired on BBC television documentary (documentary film) strand This World (This World (television programme)). It's My Country Too Retrieved on July 27, 2010 The last Junoon concert to feature Ali Azmat took place in Dubai, UAE in March 2005 after which Ali Azmat went on to pursue his career as a solo singer. Ali Azmat Explains Going Solo Retrieved on April 19, 2011. Later the same year, he released his debut solo album, ''Social Circus (Social Circus (album))''. Social Circus Review Retrieved on July 25, 2010. Social Animal Retrieved on July 25, 2010. Social Circus: Ali Azmat launches first solo album Retrieved on April 17, 2011. Shehryar Ahmad, the band manager also departed from the band. Salman Ahmad also released his debut solo album, ''Infiniti (Infiniti (album))'' in July 2005. Junoon splitting Retrieved on May 18, 2009. WikiPedia:Lahore


year driving

''' is outside the NCA * '''Lahore Zoo'''Located in the heart of the town and set in modern style is the Lahore zoo founded in 1872. It is one of the oldest Zoos in the sub continent. The material used in some of the construction even bears the marks of 1853. The Lahore zoo attracts a large crowd throughout the year. Driving along the Sharah-e-Quaid-e-Azam, just ahead of the charring cross and opposite to the WAPDA House is the main gate of the Zoo * '''Lawrence Gardens & Library''', also known as the Bagh-e-Jinnah, It is opposite to Lahore Chamber of Commerce and Industry. It is among the biggest gardens of Lahore. * '''Chamman Ice Cream'''. A famous ice-cream parlour offers 20 different flavours. They also offer milk-shake of various kinds. * '''WAPDA house building''' the WAPDA House building is, an example of a modern office block, with a glass dome and a roof garden. * '''Summit Memorium''' is in the locale more commonly known as Charing Cross. Few know the presence of a library museum below the Charing Cross roundabout that is all about the OIC and Islamic Summit and is a treat to visit. * '''Punjab Provincial Assembly Building''' * '''Shahdin Manzil''' * '''Free Mason Hall''' * '''Al Hamra Arts council''' * '''Lahore Fortress''' the Fortress Stadium is an attempt to combine the architecture of a fort like Rohtas with a sports stadium. Many exhibitions held here. The Stadium is the site of the famous Horse and Cattle Show in March. '''Joyland''' amusement park is also located here. * '''Ferozsons Book Center''' * '''Masjid-e-Shohada''' * '''Lovers park''' * '''Saman Abad''' Other Sights * Masterpieces of '''Mughal architecture''' are scattered throughout the city, even in neighborhoods that today seem a little dilapidated. Buildings and sites include '''Shalimar Gardens''' (a three-tiered formal garden built in the 1600s, and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, located along the GT Road towards Wagah. Entrance Rs200 for foreigners), '''Chauburji Gate''' at Chauburji Chowk, and many tomb and mausoleums such as the ones of '''Jahangir''' and '''Nur Jahan''' in the suburb of Shahdara. : Check this website '''Lahore, Pakistan: Traditional and Historical Architecture''' (free access) for information, plans, and photo galleries of many monuments. * Following the canal side road to the east of the city is '''Jallo Park'''. It is a large drive-in park with drive in zoo and a man made lake. Spread over an area of 450 acres it has expanses of lawns, a forest research center, a children's park, a small museum and a gift shop. '''Sozo Water Park''' is another attraction in this park. Also see '''Sindbad''', '''Joy Land''' and '''Sky Land'''. The Park is 28 km from Lahore. It can be visited by road and by rail. A rail car leaves for Jallo Railway Station every half hour. *'''Race Course Park''' Situated on Jail Road, Race Course Park deservedly attracts not only town dwellers but visitors as well. It is a huge park featuring vast lush grounds as well as a lake for boat riding. The park hosts special flower shows during the spring season. Another salient feature of the park is its well maitained jogging track. *'''Gulshan-e-Iqbal Park''' Gulshan-e-Iqbal park in Allama Iqbal Town *'''Hiran Minar''' is set in peaceful environs near Lahore. Hiran means deer. It used to be favorite hunting sport of all Muslim kings, especially of Moghals. Jehangir erected this minaret to commemorate the death of his pet deer (Maans Raaj). It served a double purpose as from it top the hunters could locate the habitations of deers. It is a beautiful picnic as well as a historic spot. A high Bara Dari Ghat is constructed right in middle of a Talab. A man made big lake, boating facility is also available. A good garden lay out is surrounding the place. *'''Chhanga Manga''' is a man-made forest 68 km from Lahore. There is a lake, and a miniature railway, which winds its way through its forest. Chhanga Manga has 12,510 acres of plantations. It is a popular picnic spot spread over 50 acres with a lake and rowboats, motorboats, children's park, swimming pool, cafeteria, canteen and rest houses * '''The Daata Darbar''' is the shrine to Lahore's patron saint, Hazrat Daata Ganj Bakhsh. This vast modern structure is always filled with people praying, collecting or bestowing alms, or eating at the huge charity 'langar' or soup kitchen. * '''Gawal mandi food street''' * '''Old Anarkali food street''' * '''Trafalgar Square''' A replica of the famous Trafalgar Square in London is located inside Bahria Town Lahore. Mini Egypt and a Zoo also worth a visit. * '''Wagah Border''' The border between Pakistan and India is also an attraction for tourists. There is a ceremony at the border everyday and is a must see for all. For foreigners, crossing the Wagah border and visiting the Golden Temple is a lifetime experience. Museums thumb Lahore Museum (File:Close view of Lahore Museum .jpg) * WikiPedia:Lahore


exceptional beauty

the discipline required to rule the empire. Finally, Akbar allowed this son to return to the main palace in Lahore. Since this day was one of great celebration, the harem of Akbar decided to hold a great Mujra (dance performance) by a beautiful girl named Nadeera, daughter of Noor Khan Argun. Since she was an exceptional beauty, "like a blossoming flower", Akbar called her Anarkali (blossoming pomegranate). During her first and famous Mujra in Lahore Prince Saleem fell


played roles

the mid-to-late-1940s, 1950s, 1960s, 1970s and early-1980s. She played roles in big films like ''Halaku'' (1956), ''Chalti Ka Naam Gaadi'' (1958), ''Kaagaz Ke Phool'' (1959), ''Taj Mahal'' (1963) (for which she received the Filmfare's Award for Best Supporting Actress), ''Do Raaste'' (1969), and ''Pakeezah'' (1972). She retired in 1983 after the release of ''Razia Sultan'' (1983) in which she played Empress Shah Turkhan. She died in Bombay in 2004 after 21 years of retirement when she was 78


small industry/

advanced IT park in the country. Lahore is famous as the hub of handmade carpet manufacturing in Pakistan. At present, hand-knitted carpets produced in and around Lahore are among Pakistan's leading export products, and their manufacturing is the second-largest cottage and small

industry. Craftsmen in Lahore produce almost every type of handmade carpet using popular motifs such as medallions, paisleys, traceries, and geometric designs. The Lahore Design Centre at the Punjab Small Industries Corporation maintains a separate section of carpet designing to experiment with new designs. Lahore is famous for single-wefted designs in Turkoman and Caucasian style and double-wefted Mughal types. Lahore has head offices of many multi national and important national corporations. National corporations like WAPDA, Pakistan Railway, Pakistan Cricket Board, Pakistan Hockey Federation, Pakistan Football Federation, SUI Northern gas, Packages Ltd, NesPak, Qurshi, SUFI and multinationals like Nestle Pakistan Ltd, ABB, McDonald's, Metro, Makro and Hyperstar (Carrefour)all have their headquarters in Lahore. thumb Expo Centre Lahore (File:Expo Center Lahore.JPG)The Lahore Expo Centre (Expo Centre Lahore) is one of the biggest projects in the history of the city and was inaugurated on 22 May 2010. WikiPedia:Lahore


book including

Patient '', the character Kip (The English Patient#Kip), an Indian sapper in the British army who is a native of Lahore and knows personally many of the locations mentioned in the book including "The gun Zamzama", several times quotes ''Kim'', which he considers as representing the colonialist occupiers of his city and his country. WikiPedia:Lahore


history architectural

* List of people from Lahore * List of streets in Lahore * List of tallest buildings in Lahore * List of urban areas by population References WikiPedia:Lahore


traditional red

 km²) near the village of Kot Khalsa, some eight kilometers west of the Amritsar City on Amritsar - Lahore highway, next to Khalsa College, Amritsar. G.N.D.U. presents a picture of modern architecture. Traditional red brick geometrical blocks represent its regard for time-honoured values and its commitment to scientific advancement. Making its humble beginning in an annexe of the adjoining Khalsa College, the University today boasts thirty seven academic departments, two

Lahore

'''Lahore''' ( ) is the capital city of the Pakistani province of Punjab (Punjab, Pakistan) and the second largest (List of most populated metropolitan areas in Pakistan) metropolitan area in the country. It is the largest native Punjabi (Punjabi people)-populated city in the world and an important historical center in South Asia. With a rich history dating back over a millennium, Lahore is a main cultural center of Punjab region and Pakistan. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains an economic, political, transportation, entertainment, and educational hub. It is referred to as the "Mughal City of Gardens (Mughal gardens)" due to the historic presence of gardens in and around the city dating back to the Mughal period.

Lahore successively served as a regional capital of the empires of the Shahi kingdoms in the 11th century, the Ghaznavids in the 12th century, the Ghurid State (Ghurid dynasty) in the 12th and 13th centuries and the Mughal Empire in the 16th century. From 1802 to 1849, Lahore served as the capital city of the Sikh Empire. In the mid-19th and early 20th century, Lahore was the capital of the Punjab region under the British Raj. The traditional capital of Punjab for a millennium, Lahore was the cultural centre of the northern Indian subcontinent which extends from the eastern banks of the Indus River to New Delhi. Lahore Cantonment, globalsecurity.org

Lahore is referred to as the cultural heart of Pakistan as it hosts most of the arts, cuisine, festivals, music, film-making, gardening and intelligentsia of the country. Lahore has always been a centre for publications, where 80 percent of Pakistan's books are published and remains the foremost centre of literary, educational and cultural activity in Pakistan.

According to the 1998 census, Lahore's population was 6,319,000.

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