Kyrgyzstan

What is Kyrgyzstan known for?


business knowledge

?' publisher EurasiaNet.org date 15 June 2011 accessdate 26 March 2013 revolts, economic troubles,

Knowledge publisher Globaledge.msu.edu date 20 December 1998 accessdate 26 March 2013 transitional governments,


liberal stance

the suppression of nationalist activity under Joseph Stalin, who controlled the Soviet Union from the late 1920s until 1953. The early years of glasnost had little effect on the political climate in Kyrgyzstan. However, the Republic's press was permitted to adopt a more liberal stance and to establish a new publication, ''Literaturny Kirghizstan'', by the Union of Writers. Unofficial political groups were forbidden, but several groups that emerged in 1989 to deal with the acute housing crisis were permitted to function. According to the last Soviet census in 1989, ethnic Kyrgyz made up only 22% of the residents of the northern city of Frunze (Bishkek) (now Bishkek), while more than 60% were Russians, Ukrainians, and people from other Slavic (Slavic peoples) nations (only 36 percent of Bishkek residents surveyed said Russian was their first language). Commons:Category:Kyrgyzstan WikiPedia:Kyrgyzstan Dmoz:Regional Asia Kyrgyzstan


related+amp--+or'

-late Triassic period (230-225 million years ago). Fossils have been found from the Madygen Formation of Kyrgyzstan along with the unusual reptile ''Longisquama''. It was approximately eight inches (20 cm) long, with an extremely long tail, and weighed about 7.5 grams. It may have been closely related — or perhaps even ancestral — to pterosaurs, Peters, D., 2000. A Redescription of Four Prolacertiform Genera and Implications for Pterosaur Phylogenesis. - Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 106(3): 293-336 although this remains controversial. Unlike pterosaurs, its main flight membrane was stretched between long back legs rather than its very short front limbs. thumb left ''Sharovipteryx mirabilis''. (File:Sharovipteryx mirabilis jconway.png) '''''Longisquama''''' is an extinct genus of lizard-like reptile. There is only one species, ''Longisquama insignis'', known from a poorly preserved skeleton and several incomplete fossil impressions from the Middle (Middle Triassic) to Late Triassic Madygen Formation in Kyrgyzstan. It is known from a type fossil specimen; slab and counterslab (PIN 2548 4 and PIN 2584 5), and five referred specimens of possible integumentary appendages (PIN 2584 7 through 9). All specimens are in the collection of the Paleontological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in Moscow. Anti-Turkism does not only refer to intolerance against the Turks of Turkey, but also against the Turkic-speaking (Turkic states) post-Soviet states, including Azerbaijan, Commons:Category:Kyrgyzstan WikiPedia:Kyrgyzstan Dmoz:Regional Asia Kyrgyzstan


poor work

for "poor work" in dealing with the growing protests against his government. (Interfax) (Reuters) (Link dead as of 03:16, 15 January 2007 (UTC)) (RIA Novosti) (BBC) USA (United States) and UN (United Nations) appeal for calm and negotiations. (Bloomberg) (Bloomberg) * The College of Bishops of the Scottish Episcopal Church reiterates that it has no policy that treats being in a same-sex partnership as "a bar to the exercise of an ordained ministry". (BBC) ...that '''superfecundation''' is the fertilization of two or more ova (ovum) by sperm from separate acts of sexual intercourse and can lead to twins with different fathers? ...that '''Toktogul Satilganov''' was the most famous of the Kyrgyz (Kyrgyzstan) Akyn storytellers? * Commons:Category:Kyrgyzstan WikiPedia:Kyrgyzstan Dmoz:Regional Asia Kyrgyzstan


historic position

and Pakistan are sometimes included. The predominant religion in Central Asia is Islam. Central Asia has a long rich history mainly based on its historic position on the famous Silk Road. It has been conquered by Mongols, Persians (Persian people), Tatars, Russians, Sarmatian and thus has a very distinct, vibrant culture. The culture is influenced by Chinese (Chinese people), South Asian, Persian (Persian people), Arabian, Turkish (Turkish people), Russian (Russian people), Sarmatian and Mongolian cultures. The people of the steppes of Central Asia have historically been nomadic people but a unifying state was established in Central Asia in the 16th century: The Kazakh Khanate. He is a substitute for the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, a member of the Delegation for relations with the Palestinian Legislative Council and a substitute for the Delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan and EU-Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia. Education * Kazakhstan, 30 August * Kyrgyzstan, May 5 (1993). See Constitution of Kyrgyzstan. * Lithuania, October 25 (1992). See Constitution of Lithuania. He is also a former member of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (European Parliament Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs), a former substitute for the Committee on Transport and Tourism (European Parliament Committee on Transport and Tourism), a former member of the delegation to the EU (European Union)–Armenia, EU–Azerbaijan and EU–Georgia (Georgia (country)) Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, a former member of the delegation to the EU–Kazakhstan, EU–Kyrgyzstan and EU–Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia, and a former substitute for the delegation for relations with the People's Republic of China. European Parliament (2004-2006) In 2004 (European Parliament Election, 2004) he was elected to the European Parliament representing the North-West (European Parliament Election, 2004 (Italy)#Seats) region for the Democrats of the Left, part of the Socialist Group (Party of European Socialists), and sat on the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs. He was a substitute for the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, a member of the Delegation to the European Union-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan and EU-Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia, and a substitute for the Delegation for relations with Belarus. He left the European Parliament on his re-election to the Chamber of Deputies in 2006, and he was appointed as Minister of Economic Development in the government of Prime Minister Romano Prodi on May 17, 2006. She is a substitute for the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality and the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. She is also a member of the Delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan and EU-Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia. Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, a member of the Delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan and EU-Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia and a substitute for the Delegation to the EU-Romania Joint Parliamentary Committee. He is a substitute for the Committee on Budgets and a member of the Delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan and EU-Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia. Wojciechowski was a Member of the Bureau of the European People's Party (EPP) from 2004-2006 and is vice-chair of the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. Wojciechowski was dismissed from his PSL party following his decision to leave the EPP for the Union for Europe of the Nations EU parliamentary grouping. Wojciechowski is a substitute for the Committee on Budgetary Control and a member of the Delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan and EU-Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia. Jo‘rayev's lyrics are often quoted and his music enjoyed by numerous fans. He is often invited to other countries, such as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Russia. While Jo'rayev usually writes both the music and lyrics to his songs, he also uses the works of classical poets such as Ali-Shir Nava'i, Rumi, Babur, and Jami in his songs. In 2008, Jo'rayev organized gateherings at his home to celebrate the works of Rumi. Commons:Category:Kyrgyzstan WikiPedia:Kyrgyzstan Dmoz:Regional Asia Kyrgyzstan


blue light

in 1996-1999, Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan from April 13, 1999 to December 21, 2000, and president of the Kyrgyz Stock Exchange in 2001-2004. right 200px (File:National emblem of Kyrgyzstan.svg) The '''emblem of Kyrgyzstan''' was adopted following the dissolution of the Soviet Union on 2 June 1992. The emblem has a circular form which mostly bears the color blue. Light blue is known as the Kyrgyz color of courage and generosity (c.f. the flag of Kazakhstan and the emblem of Kazakhstan). To the left and right of the coat of arms, wheat and cotton are displayed. In the upper part, the name of the country appears in Kyrgyz (Kyrgyz language) "Кыргыз Республикасы" (''Kyrgyz Respublikasy''). '''Batken Province''' (Kyrgyz (Kyrgyz language): '''Баткен областы''', ''Batken oblast''; Commons:Category:Kyrgyzstan WikiPedia:Kyrgyzstan Dmoz:Regional Asia Kyrgyzstan


story taking

cover a major ongoing story taking place in the US? Seems like a double standard to me. - Jpo (User:Jpo) 23:22, Mar 22, 2005 (UTC) **** I agree in principle, though I don't care one way or the other about this particular item. Keep in mind that we don't have Namibian current events or Kyrgyzstanian current events to exile stories to like they are for American current events. —Korath (User:Korath) (Talk (User talk:Korath)) 23:41, Mar 22, 2005 (UTC) '''Transit Center at Manas''' (formerly '''Manas Air Base''' and unofficially '''Ganci Air Base''') is a United States military installation at Manas International Airport, near Bishkek, the capital of Kyrgyzstan, primarily operated by the U.S. Air Force (United States Air Force). Central Asia Central Asia is deemed to consist of the five former Soviet Socialist Republics: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. However, Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan are sometimes included. The predominant religion in Central Asia is Islam. Central Asia has a long rich history mainly based on its historic position on the famous Silk Road. It has been conquered by Mongols, Persians (Persian people), Tatars, Russians, Sarmatian and thus has a very distinct, vibrant culture. The culture is influenced by Chinese (Chinese people), South Asian, Persian (Persian people), Arabian, Turkish (Turkish people), Russian (Russian people), Sarmatian and Mongolian cultures. The people of the steppes of Central Asia have historically been nomadic people but a unifying state was established in Central Asia in the 16th century: The Kazakh Khanate. He is a substitute for the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, a member of the Delegation for relations with the Palestinian Legislative Council and a substitute for the Delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan and EU-Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia. Education * Kazakhstan, 30 August * Kyrgyzstan, May 5 (1993). See Constitution of Kyrgyzstan. * Lithuania, October 25 (1992). See Constitution of Lithuania. He is also a former member of the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs (European Parliament Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs), a former substitute for the Committee on Transport and Tourism (European Parliament Committee on Transport and Tourism), a former member of the delegation to the EU (European Union)–Armenia, EU–Azerbaijan and EU–Georgia (Georgia (country)) Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, a former member of the delegation to the EU–Kazakhstan, EU–Kyrgyzstan and EU–Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia, and a former substitute for the delegation for relations with the People's Republic of China. European Parliament (2004-2006) In 2004 (European Parliament Election, 2004) he was elected to the European Parliament representing the North-West (European Parliament Election, 2004 (Italy)#Seats) region for the Democrats of the Left, part of the Socialist Group (Party of European Socialists), and sat on the European Parliament's Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs. He was a substitute for the Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, a member of the Delegation to the European Union-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan and EU-Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia, and a substitute for the Delegation for relations with Belarus. He left the European Parliament on his re-election to the Chamber of Deputies in 2006, and he was appointed as Minister of Economic Development in the government of Prime Minister Romano Prodi on May 17, 2006. She is a substitute for the Committee on Women's Rights and Gender Equality and the Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety. She is also a member of the Delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan and EU-Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia. Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection, a member of the Delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan and EU-Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia and a substitute for the Delegation to the EU-Romania Joint Parliamentary Committee. He is a substitute for the Committee on Budgets and a member of the Delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan and EU-Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia. Wojciechowski was a Member of the Bureau of the European People's Party (EPP) from 2004-2006 and is vice-chair of the European Parliament's Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development. Wojciechowski was dismissed from his PSL party following his decision to leave the EPP for the Union for Europe of the Nations EU parliamentary grouping. Wojciechowski is a substitute for the Committee on Budgetary Control and a member of the Delegation to the EU-Kazakhstan, EU-Kyrgyzstan and EU-Uzbekistan Parliamentary Cooperation Committees, and for relations with Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Mongolia. Jo‘rayev's lyrics are often quoted and his music enjoyed by numerous fans. He is often invited to other countries, such as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Russia. While Jo'rayev usually writes both the music and lyrics to his songs, he also uses the works of classical poets such as Ali-Shir Nava'i, Rumi, Babur, and Jami in his songs. In 2008, Jo'rayev organized gateherings at his home to celebrate the works of Rumi. Commons:Category:Kyrgyzstan WikiPedia:Kyrgyzstan Dmoz:Regional Asia Kyrgyzstan


contributions quot

) argues that this culture and its "new contributions" are "nevertheless in line with the cultural traditions of the previous period", and remarks that "to attribute a historical value to ... the slender links with northwestern Iran and northern Afghanistan ... is a mistake", since "it could well be the spread of particular objects and, as such, objects that could circulate more easily quite apart from any real contacts." Antonini (1973), Stacul and other


highly sweet

. ''Tang'' is another drink thought to be useful for the health and good for hangovers. It is made from gassed spring water that is mixed with a salted creamy yogurt called ''souzmu''. Other drinks Kyrgyz have their own cognac distiller, which produces excellent, albeit highly sweet cognac, with the preferred brand being "Kyrgyzstan Cognac", which the locals sometimes call ''Nashe Cognac'', meaning "our cognac". You can also find an excellent selection of not so excellent local and imported beers as many Kyrgyz have been taking to drinking beer versus harder spirits. Locally produced beers include Arpa, Nashe Pivo, and Karabalta. Arpa is highly recommended by beer connoisseurs. While being considered a common person's beer, its style is somewhat similar to an American Pale Ale (less hoppy than its Indian counterpart). Due to the fact that Kyrgizes prefer more vodka than beer (actually, half litre of both costs the same...), beer is staying in tubes for longer time. Regular cleaning service is not common. Bottled beers are better, except their strange habit to pour all the beer into the glass at once. There are also a multitude of bottled waters (carbonated or still) from various regions of the country. Especially popular with southerners is the slightly saline "Jalalabad Water". Sleep Many private citizens rent out their flats to foreigners and a fairly luxurious flat could be agreed for quite low price a week. Noting that the average salary was $US44 in 2004, now it could twice as big, you may think you are paying excessively. Look for cable TV, toilet and bath and clean quarters. More adventurous visitors may wish to stay in a "yurta," for example in Bishkek it costs from 3 dollar a night in "yurtadorm". These are boiled wool tents used by nomads. Some tourist agencies in Bishkek will arrange this sort of stay, but be prepared to truly live the lifestyle of the nomad which includes culinary delicacies which may seem foreign to the western palette. For those wishing to have home stays arranged in advanced there with the Community Based Tourism (CBT). They can organize home stays in most cities and villages in Kyrgyzstan. They can also arrange yurt stays and trekking. While many such organizations keep the majority of payment for themselves, CBT Kyrgyzstan claims that between 80 to 90% of payment will go to your host family. Amenities will vary between homes and locals, but overall some great travel experiences can be had such as, being invited to an impromptu goat feast, or enjoying fermented mares milk with nomads. Learn For those who are interested in learning Kyrgyz or Russian languages - there are universities you can go and there is a private school called the London School. The London School in Bishkek offers pretty cheap individual lessons for about $4 hour and home stay cultural programs. Work Kyrgyzstan's greatest export is its people departing for Russia, Kazakhstan, and even Europe for better opportunities. There are few opportunities for foreigners, except with development organizations, that generally hire off-shore. There are also few opportunities to teach European languages, as many Kyrgyz that studied abroad have returned with near fluency and will charge much less than you. If you wish to volunteer, there is a very active and diverse NGO community that would appreciate your assistance. If you come to Kyrgyzstan on a 30 day tourist visa, you will not be able to extend your visa. If you come to work or volunteer you should apply for a longer term visa. Also, Americans and Europeans on long term visas must register with OVIR. Information on this process is available on the websites of the US Embassy. It is an easy, inexpensive, straightforward process not fraught with corruption or delays in most cases. Stay safe Kyrgyzstan is constantly engulfed in strifes and political turmoil, and several countries advise foreigners to not travel to Kyrgyzstan at this time. While the US travel advisory tells foreigners that some attacks on Westerners have occurred, the view of Kyrgyz people on this is varied. Fights and assaults generally focus around nightclubs and bars, just as in any other large city. There is to date no indication that Bishkek is particularly dangerous to foreigners. As for other cities in the Kyrgyz Republic, there is little evidence. Tourists will of course be drawn by Kyrgyzstan's amazing natural beauty although travel by car through mountain passes and villages is not advisable. Although bride-kidnapping is illegal in Kyrgyzstan, it is still common, particularly in rural areas, so women should be very careful - it would therefore be preferable that women travel with male family members or other men who they can trust to keep them safe. According to the United States Embassy, two American women were bride-knapped in rural Kyrgyzstan in 2007, and you certainly don't want to be one of them. In the past there have been occasional reports of foreigners being approached by persons impersonating police and asking for documents in order to find an excuse to extort money. These reports are uncommon, but one should always be on guard. You could also work for local language schools. The London School in Bishkek is usually good for working as a TEFL teacher or learning Russian and Kyrgyz languages. Corruption Corruption is a serious issue in Kyrgyzstan, and the locals are ultimately convinced that the police are not to be trusted. Many officers will stop and ask for a bribe. Stay healthy thumb A village drug store in Tamchy (File:E8287-Tamchy-drugstore.jpg) Your biggest risk in Kyrgyzstan are car wrecks and accidents while crossing the street or falling into a hole in the sidewalk. You should also exercise caution around stray animals and avoid approaching dogs. Food and drinking water safety vary substantially by region. Kyrgyz claim the national drink, Kumys, is extremely healthy and will cure you of innumerable ailments. Cope A popular local source of information for tourists is the regularly published ex-pat run Spektator magazine which features tourism and culture articles focusing on Kyrgyzstan and the wider Central Asian region. Respect Western norms of respect are standard. Though nominally a Muslim country the Kyrgyz people are highly westernized. No special dress codes are in effect. Although standards of dress in Bishkek are Western and often revealing, in the south of the country women would be advised to dress more conservatively or risk attracting unwanted male attention. Evenings can be charged as alcohol intoxication can be quite prevalent at this time. Proceed with caution. Connect Commons:Category:Kyrgyzstan WikiPedia:Kyrgyzstan Dmoz:Regional Asia Kyrgyzstan


historic battle

independence most trade links were with Taraz. The historic Battle of Talas occurred here. '''Issyk Kul Province''' (Kyrgyz (Kyrgyz language): '''Ысык-Көл областы''') is a province (''oblast'') of Kyrgyzstan. Its capital is Karakol. It is surrounded by Almaty Province, Kazakhstan (north), Chui Province (west), Naryn Province (southwest) and Xinjiang, China (southeast). He began studies at the Mining Technical School in southern Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan

'''Kyrgyzstan''' ( Landlocked and mountainous, Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the southwest and China to the east. Its capital (Capital city) and largest city (List of cities in Kyrgyzstan) is Bishkek.

Kyrgyzstan's history spans over 2,000 years and encompasses a wide variety of cultures and empires, including Persian, Mongol, Russian, and Soviet. Although geographically isolated by its highly mountainous terrain – which has allowed for the preservation of its ancient culture – Kyrgyzstan has historically been at the crossroads of several great civilizations, namely as part of the Silk Road and other commercial and cultural routes. Though long inhabited by a succession of independent tribes and clans, Kyrgyzstan has periodically come under foreign domination due to its strategic location, attaining sovereignty as a nation-state only after the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Since independence, Kyrgyzstan has officially been a unitary (Unitary state) parliamentary republic, although it continues to endure ethnic conflicts, Kyrgyzstan is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States, the Eurasian Economic Union, the Collective Security Treaty Organization, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, the Turkic Council, the TÜRKSOY community and the United Nations.

Ethnic Kyrgyz (Kyrgyz people) make up the majority of the country's 5.7 million people, followed by significant minorities of Uzbeks and Russians. The official language, Kyrgyz (Kyrgyz language), is closely related to the other Turkic languages, although Russian (Russian language) remains widely spoken, a legacy of Russification. The majority of the population (64 percent) are nondenominational Muslims. "Chapter 1: Religious Affiliation". The World's Muslims: Unity and Diversity. Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project. August 9, 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2013

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