Kufra

What is Kufra known for?


514

footnotes '''Kufra''' is a basin (Depression (geology)) Bertarelli (1929), p. 514. and oasis group in the Kufra District of southeastern Cyrenaica in Libya. At the end of nineteenth century Kufra became the center and holy place of the Senussi order. It also played a minor role in the Western Desert Campaign of World War II. It is located in a particularly isolated area

centres of population. From it raids were made on French territory. In 1907 a French column from Kanem entered Bourku, but after capturing Am Galakka, the principal Senussi station, retired. The city lies in the largest oasis in the Kufra basin. Bertarelli (1929), p. 514. It is one of the most heavily irrigated oases (oasis) in the Sahara. thumb left Crown Prince Hasan shaking hands with Hussein Maziq (File:Hassan ar Reda Wedding.jpg), governor


long range

by the Italian Auto-Saharan Company near Jebel Sherif, when leading "T" Patrol in reconnaissance of the planned attack on Kufra. The Free French from Chad, with General Leclerc (Philippe Leclerc de Hauteclocque)'s leading a combined force of Free French and Chad native troops, acted together with the British Long Range Desert Group, attacked and took Kufra in the Battle of Kufra (Battle of Kufra (1941)). In later stages of the Western Desert Campaign

, Kufra was used as a staging post for Allied units such as the Long Range Desert Group and the Special Air Service. In May 1942 it was a location of the Tragedy at Kufra, where three South African Air Force Bristol Blenheim aircraft became lost and after landing safely the crews subsequently died due to lack of water. After the war After the Axis were expelled from North Africa, and when after the war it became part of independent Libya, the Kufra Airport Buma

, but the Equatoria Corps in the south was composed of Christians. Maj Gen L G Whistler (Lashmer Whistler), The Sudan Defence Force, British Army Review, Issue 6, July 1951 - state at that point four infantry camel units, signals regiment, AA artillery regiment, other units During World War II, the SDF augmented allied forces engaging Italians in Ethiopia. They also served during the Western Desert Campaign, supporting Free French and Long Range Desert Group operations


early modern

, but was by that point in ruin, its wells dry, its herds returned to the wild. Hopkins & Levtzion, 1981, 125. In the late 15th century, Leo Africanus reported an oasis in the land of the ''Berdoa'', visited by a caravan coming from Awjila. It is possible that this oasis was identical with either the Al Jawf or the Tazirbu oasis, and on early modern maps, the Al Kufra region was often labelled as ''Berdoa'' based on this report. The ''Berdoa'' possibly correspond to the Toubou, a Nilo-Saharan speaking tribal people indigenous to the region. Kufra did not fall under the dominion of either the Arabs (History of Islamic Tripolitania and Cyrenaica) or the Ottomans (Ottoman Tripolitania) and was part of a Toubou Sultanate with capital in Tazirbu. In the 1840s, the Toubou were colonized by the Arabized Berber tribe of Zuwayya and eventually by the Italians (History of Libya as Italian colony) in the 1930s. Early Western contact and The Senussi The territory of Kufra was first explored by Westerners beginning with the 1873 74 expedition by German Gerhard Rohlfs (Friedrich Gerhard Rohlfs). fjexpeditions.com,''Expeditions to the Libyan Desert'' Al-Ahram Weekly, ''Man of the Desert''. 10 August 2000- about Ahmed Hassanein Rohlfs G. 1875. Drei Monate in der libyschen Wüste. Cassel: Verlag von Theodor Fischer, 340 p. Rare; reprinted as ISBN 3-927688-10-X. Rohlfs accompanied by Paul Friedrich August Ascherson and others. Rohlfs reportedly first reached the oasis from the north in 1879. 7 - The Libyan Sahara Territory was divided into four military districts administered from the desert oases (oasis) towns of Ghat (Ghat, Libya), Brak (Brak, Libya), Murzuk and Hun (Hun, Libya). The Senussi order Kufra oasis area in the southeastern Libyan Desert was not separately administered by the Italians, although in 1932 they built a fort at the holy place of El Tag above it. This territory was administrered only by the Italian military, and in 1936 was increased with the Aouzou Strip from France's Chad.


quot field

Rohlfs set his camp north of Buema, and since then the locality is known as "Garet-en-Nasrani" ("Field of the Christian" in Arabic). Kufra Airport is located in Buma. *''Ez-Zurgh'', situated 4 km to the south of Al Jawf. It consists of a line of Palm trees (Arecaceae). Until the Italian occupation it was inhabited only by slaves. *''Et-Tleilíb'' and ''Et-Talláb'', both situated to the southwest of Al Jawf. The latter is the farthest from Al Jawf, lying 20 km away. On the north edge of the basin there is the village of El Tag, which means crown in Arabic, which does not contain an oasis. Bertarelli (1929), p. 515. It was founded by Sayyid Muhammad al-Mahdi as-Senussi, the son of the founder of the Senussi order, when he moved to Kufra and is considered the holy place of Senussi. Climate Kufra has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification: ''BWh''). 7 - The Libyan Sahara Territory was divided into four military districts administered from the desert oases (oasis) towns of Ghat (Ghat, Libya), Brak (Brak, Libya), Murzuk and Hun (Hun, Libya). The Senussi order Kufra oasis area in the southeastern Libyan Desert was not separately administered by the Italians, although in 1932 they built a fort at the holy place of El Tag above it. This territory was administrered only by the Italian military, and in 1936 was increased with the Aouzou Strip from France's Chad.


people working

turned to be a spot gathering Libyan-Sudanese criminal organizations involved in the illegal transport of immigrants, police officers controlling the boundaries and the need of people working in local productive activities. The village of Kufra has long been suspected and accused by European Parliamentary delegations as being criminally instrumental in assisting migrants. In 2007, they defined Kufra as ''a free zone, a sort of starting Centre of Temporary Permanence Centre of Temporary Permanence


flamboyant

are the Tibesti Hotel and Uzu Hotel, and several other hotels have opened in recent years to cater for increased demand. Handicrafts are found in the many souks in the city, but are of little significance to the economy. - AKF HLKF Kufra Airport Kufra, Libya - On 7 November 1933, Balbo was appointed Governor-General of the Italian colony (colonialism) of Libya (Italian Libya). Mussolini looked to the flamboyant Air Marshal


extravagant projects

water discovered during the quest for oil, and is intended to improve the country's agricultural output. 7 - The Libyan Sahara Territory was divided into four military districts administered from the desert oases (oasis) towns of Ghat (Ghat, Libya), Brak (Brak, Libya), Murzuk and Hun (Hun, Libya). The Senussi order Kufra oasis area in the southeastern Libyan Desert was not separately administered by the Italians, although in 1932 they built a fort at the holy place of El Tag above it. This territory was administrered only by the Italian military, and in 1936 was increased with the Aouzou Strip from France's Chad.


agricultural projects

 km and can be observed from space. This is one of Libya's largest agricultural (agriculture) projects. Because only about 2 percent of Libya's land receives enough rainfall to be cultivated, this project uses the underground aquifer. The green circles in the desert frequently indicate tracts of agriculture supported by center-pivot irrigation. The agricultural project is an easy-to-recognize landmark for orbiting astronauts aboard the International Space Station. ref>


original research


long battle

War started and, after the Suez Canal was closed to Italian shipping, connections with Italian East Africa became mainly aerial, using Kufra and its strategic location. Kufra, thanks to its key role for the Italian Royal Army (Regio Esercito (World War II)), soon became a target for the Allies, with Free France and British desert troops beginning a long battle for its conquest. On 31 January 1941 Pat Clayton, an explorer recruited by British Intelligence, was captured

Kufra

'''Kufra''' is a basin (Depression (geology)) Bertarelli (1929), p. 514. and oasis group in the Kufra District of southeastern Cyrenaica in Libya. At the end of nineteenth century Kufra became the center and holy place of the Senussi order. It also played a minor role in the Western Desert Campaign of World War II.

It is located in a particularly isolated area, not only because it is in the middle of the Sahara Desert but also because it is surrounded on three sides by depressions (Depression (geology)) which make it dominate the passage in east-west land traffic across the desert. For the colonial Italians, it was also important as a station on the north-south air traffic to Italian East Africa. These factors, along with Kufra's dominance of the southeastern Cyrenaica region of Libya, explains the oasis' strategic importance and why it was a point of conflict (Battle of Kufra) during World War II.

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