Krujë

What is Krujë known for?


social history

They started to be known as the ''llacifac'' and were the first Christians to arrive after the creation of the town. After Serb reprisals in the Debar region, thousands of locals fled to Tirana. In 1807, Tirana became the center of the Sub-Prefecture of Krujë-Tirana. After 1816, Tirana languished under the control of the ''Toptani'' family of Krujë. Later, Tirana became a Sub-Prefecture of the newly created Vilayet of Shkodër and Sanjak of Durrës. In 1889, the Albanian language started to be taught in Tirana's schools, while the patriotic club Bashkimi was founded in 1908. On 28 November 1912, the national flag was raised in agreement with Ismail Qemali. During the Balkan Wars, the town was temporarily occupied by the Serbian army, and it took part in uprising of the villages led by Haxhi Qamili. In 1917, the first city outline was compiled by Austro-Hungarian architects. * Lorenzo de' Medici becomes sole ruler of Florence (Florence, Italy). * Fourth Siege of Krujë: The Fourth Siege of Krujë by the Ottoman Empire of Krujë in Albania occurred in 1478 and resulted in the town's capture after the failure of three prior sieges. * Vladislav II of Bohemia makes peace with Hungary. January&ndash;December * June &ndash; Second Siege of Krujë (Second Siege of Krujë (1466)): Mehmed II leads an army of 150,000 in an attempt to quash the Albanian resistance by taking Krujë. The Albanians repulse him and the Ottoman army retreats from Albania. * August 26 &ndash; A conspiracy against Piero di Cosimo de' Medici, led by Luca Pitti and Borso d'Este, is discovered and put down in Florence. He returned to Germany and rejoined the Imperial German Army (German Army (German Empire)) under the pseudonym "Count of Kruja".<


resistance

. In the mid-1910s Krujë was one of the battlefields of the conflict between the short-lived Republic of Central Albania, founded by Essad Toptani, and the Principality of Albania. In 1914 Toptani managed to seize the town but during the same year it was reincorporated by Prênk Bibë Doda in the Principality of Albania. During WWII it was the center of the activities of resistance leader Abaz Kupi. The museums of Krujë include the Skanderbeg museum (Skanderbeg Museum), located

quickly extended its authority in central Albania. Pearson vol.1 p.84 Following the Italian invasion of Albania the country became a protectorate of the Kingdom of Italy (Kingdom of Italy (1861–1946)). Mustafa Merlika-Kruja, a native of Krujë, who became the Prime Minister of the new regime ordered the formation of a 300-man gendarmerie force to defend the town against resistance groups. However, soon afterward, resistance

leader Abaz Kupi, another native of the town, created one of the first permanent resistance forces of Albania in Krujë and gradually took control of the region. Fischer p.111 In 1943 at the assembly of Tapizë Balli Kombëtar proposed to the LNÇ (National Liberation Movement (Albania)) the creation of provisional resistance government, with Krujë as the capital city, but this proposal was rejected by the LNÇ leaders. Fischer p.150 In the end


history ancient

On 28 November 1443 Skanderbeg gained control over Krujë by deceiving its subaşi with forged sultan's letter. In 1444 Skanderbeg incorporated it in the League of Lezhë, the confederation of the Albanian principalities. From 1450 until


world art

and educator Sources ;Notes *

European University page 32 accessdate 26 February 2011 * *


important football

; Sports Krujë's most important football club is KS Kastrioti, founded in 1926 and briefly renamed as ''Puna Krujë'' in 1951. The club's home ground is Kastrioti Stadium, which has a capacity of 8,500 people. Infrastructure Health In 1922 the Director General of Health Services appointed the first director of health services in Krujë, Ihsan Korça while the last to hold the post before the establishment of the Socialist People's Republic of Albania was Abdulla Mehmeti. The first hospital and the first polyclinic of Krujë were built in 1946 and 1948 respectively. History of health services in the district of Krujë During 1968–69 a new medical laboratory and a department of surgery were added and expanded. In 1970 the Directorate of Hygiene and Epidemiology of the district was established in the town. In 1977-9 a new hospital and polyclinic were built, while in 1986 the first Obstetrics and gynaecology hospital of the town was opened. In 2008 the first hospital was rebuilt and renamed after its first director Stefan Gjoni. See also * History of Albania * List of cities in Albania * Geography of Albania * Tourism in Albania * Church ruins, Krujë Notable people *Mustafa Merlika-Kruja, former Prime Minister of Albania *Abaz Kupi, WWII resistance leader and founder of the Legality Movement *Sulejman Zalla, patriot and educator Sources ;Notes The '''Fourth Siege of Krujë''' by the Ottoman Empire of Krujë in Albania occurred in 1478, following the death of the Skanderbeg, and resulted in the town's capture after the failure of three prior sieges. ***Gjergj Thopia (Gjergj, Lord of Durrës), Duke of Durazzo ***Elena Thopia, Lady of Krujë, married Konstantin Balšić ***Voislava Thopia In 1430, Gjon Kastrioti led an unsuccessful uprising against the Ottoman Empire in the city of Krujë in what is now Albania. He was defeated again by the Ottoman forces of Isak-Beg.


massive

to restore to the throne someone who had just fought against them. * 1450 - The Albanians, under Skanderbeg, rout Ottoman forces under Sultan Murad II. * 1466 & 1467 - The Albanians under Skanderbeg, defend Krujë against massive Ottoman armies led by Sultan Mehmed II * 1468 - Skanderbeg dies. * 1468 - Skanderbeg dies. * 1478 - Krujë falls (Fourth Siege of Krujë (1478)) to the Ottoman Turks; Shkodër falls a year later. Subsequently, many Albanians flee to southern

and declared a holy war against the Turks. - 1466 The Albanians, led by Skanderbeg, began the defense of Krujë against massive Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) armies. - - 1478 ''Fourth Siege of Krujë (1478)'': Krujë fell to the Ottoman Empire, causing many Albanians to flee to southern Italy, Greece, Egypt (Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)), and elsewhere, and others to convert to Islam. - - Krujë District

, Selcë, Vukël, Lëpushë, Nikç, Tamarë, Tuzi, Ulqin (Ulcinj), Tivar (Bar, Montenegro), Plavë, Gucia (Gusinje), Pejë (Peć), Gjakovë (Đakovica), Prizren) The '''Krujë castle''' ( ) is a castle in the city of Krujë, Albania and the center of Skanderbeg's battle against the Ottoman Turks. The castle withstood three massive sieges from the Turks, with garrisons usually no larger than 2,000-3,000 men. Mehmed II "


780

-36289-X, 9780521362894'' page 780 After the fall of Progon Dynasty (House of Progon) in 1216, the principality came under Grigor Kamona and Gulam of Albania. Finally the Principality was dissolved on 1255. Around 1230 the two main centers of Albanian settlements, one around Devoll river (Devoll (river)) in what is now central Albania,

&sa X&oi book_result&ct result&resnum 1&ved 0CCgQ6AEwAA#v onepage&q %22the%20Albanians%20dominated%20the%20central%20regions%20of%20what%20is%20now%20the%20Albanian%20republic%2C%20in%20the%20areas%20which%20are%20drained%20by%20the%20Devollit%20river%22&f false The New Cambridge Medieval History: c. 1198-c. 1300 Volume 5 . Cambridge University Press, 1999 ISBN 0-521-36289-X, 9780521362894'' page 780-781: "the Albanians dominated the central regions of what

, reprint Publisher Cambridge University Press, 1999 ISBN 0-521-36289-X, 9780521362894'' page 780-781 It was in 1190, when a local Albanian noble called Progon (Progon of Kruja) created the Principality of Arbër, with its capital at Krujë. After the fall of Progon Dynasty (House of Progon) in 1216, the principality came under Grigor Kamona and Gulam of Albania. Finally the Principality was dissolved on 1255. After deserting, Skanderbeg re-converted to Roman


932

; A conspiracy against Piero di Cosimo de' Medici, led by Luca Pitti and Borso d'Este, is discovered and put down in Florence. He returned to Germany and rejoined the Imperial German Army (German Army (German Empire)) under the pseudonym "Count of Kruja".

Krujë

'''Krujë''' ( ) is a town in north central Albania. The population at the 2011 census was 11,721. 2011 census results Located between Mount Krujë and the Ishëm River, the city is only 20&nbsp;km from the capital of Albania, Tirana.

Inhabited by the Illyrian (Illyrians) tribe of the Albani (Albani (Illyrian tribe)), in 1190 Krujë became the capital of the first autonomous Albanian state in the middle ages, the Principality of Arbër. Later it was the capital of the Kingdom of Albania (Kingdom of Albania (medieval)), while in the early 15th century Krujë was conquered by the Ottoman Empire, but then recaptured in 1443 by Skanderbeg, leader of the League of Lezhë, who successfully defended it against three Ottoman sieges until his death in 1468.

The Ottomans took control of the town after the fourth siege (Fourth Siege of Krujë) in 1478, and incorporated it in their territories. A 1906 local revolt against the Ottoman Empire was followed by the 1912 Declaration of Independence of Albania (Albanian Declaration of Independence). In the mid-1910s Krujë was one of the battlefields of the conflict between the short-lived Republic of Central Albania, founded by Essad Toptani, and the Principality of Albania. In 1914 Toptani managed to seize the town but during the same year it was reincorporated by Prênk Bibë Doda in the Principality of Albania. During WWII it was the center of the activities of resistance leader Abaz Kupi.

The museums of Krujë include the Skanderbeg museum (Skanderbeg Museum), located in the environs of the Krujë castle, and the national ethnographic museum.

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