Kriminalpolizei

What is Kriminalpolizei known for?


involvement

Allied Powers began their own programme of de-Nazification. It was understood that, in a totalitarian state, few people could participate in public service without being simultaneously members of the Nazi Party. Party membership alone was not viewed as sufficient grounds for dismissal, but allegations of involvement or complicity in Nazi war crimes or crimes against humanity were investigated and any police official convicted was sentenced in the usual way. However the Allied Powers

Generalleutnant der Polizei. Berlin Police Commissioner in the 1920s and an early member of both the Sturmabteilung (SA) and the Schutzstaffel (SS), as well as President of Interpol (from June 1942-43). Nebe was appointed head of the Kriminalpolizei (Criminal Police) or Kripo under Heydrich as chief of the SiPo and later the RSHA. Executed in 1944 for alleged involvement in the 20 July Plot. * Konstantin von Neurath - Foreign Minister of Germany (1932-1938) and Reichsprotektor (Governor


title century

+rassenhy&source bl&ots TCynIrJsaC&sig lU7XYLLiiiTaaCUcGnxLB4kgo-Y&hl en&ei yFVKSsrVFZq5jAevxbhj&sa X&oi book_result&ct result&resnum 1 title Century of genocide author Samuel Totten, William S. Parsons, Israel W. Charny date 2006-06-30 The Kripo aided in the round ups of Roma and their deportations to concentration camps (Nazi concentration camps) and extermination camps. Post World War II In 1945, the occupying


early member

Generalleutnant der Polizei. Berlin Police Commissioner in the 1920s and an early member of both the Sturmabteilung (SA) and the Schutzstaffel (SS), as well as President of Interpol (from June 1942-43). Nebe was appointed head of the Kriminalpolizei (Criminal Police) or Kripo under Heydrich as chief of the SiPo and later the RSHA. Executed in 1944 for alleged involvement in the 20 July Plot. * Konstantin von Neurath - Foreign Minister of Germany (1932-1938) and Reichsprotektor (Governor


close connection

or RSHA). Lumsden, Robin. ''A Collector's Guide To: The Allgemeine - SS'', p 83. The RSHA symbolized the close connection between the SS (a party organization) and the police (a state organization). After the Nazi party rose to power in Germany, Wirth served in the Württemberg police force. He had joined the uniformed police (''Orpo'') in 1910 before the onset of World War I. Wirth rose to become the captain of detectives ( The Blue Police was subordinate to German Ordnungspolizei.


political power

As the Nazi party monopolized political power in Germany, key government functions such as law enforcement were absorbed by the SS, while many SS organizations became de facto government agencies. To maintain the political power and security of the Nazi party (and later the nation), the SS established and ran the ''SD (Sicherheitsdienst)'' (Security service) and took over the administration of ''Gestapo'' (Secret state police), ''Kripo (Kriminalpolizei)'' (criminal


habit

letters—such as ''Gestapo'' rather than ''GSP'' (for ''Geheime Staatspolizei'', secret state police); ''Flak'' rather than ''FAK'' (for ''Fliegerabwehrkanone'', anti-aircraft (Anti-aircraft warfare) gun); ''Kripo'' rather than ''KP'' (for ''Kriminalpolizei'', detective division police). The extension of such contraction to a pervasive or whimsical degree has been mockingly labeled ''AbKüFi'' (for ''Abkürzfimmel'', strange habit of abbreviating). Examples of AbKüFi include


regular

and the recovery of stolen property. Investigators may be assigned to precinct detective squads or one of dozens of specialized investigative units that have borough, citywide or regional jurisdiction. ''Kripo'' candidates are mostly regular state police officers who have done well in police school and in their first years of street duty. After rigorous screening and examination, a small number are chosen to receive a technical education in criminology at a police college. Those completing the course

investigative police), and the ''Orpo (Ordnungspolizei)'' (regular uniformed police). Lumsden, Robin. ''A Collector's Guide To: The Allgemeine – SS'', pp. 80–84. Moreover, legal jurisdiction over the SS and its members was taken away from the civilian courts and given to courts run by the SS itself. These actions effectively put the SS above the law. File:Bundesarchiv Bild 102-00009, Kradschützen der SS-Leibstandarte.jpg thumb left Troops

of the SS Leibstandarte at a Nazi procession in 1939. Himmler was named the chief of all German police (nominally in that role subordinate to Interior Minister Wilhelm Frick) on June 17, 1936. He thereby assumed control of all of the German states' regular police forces and, nationalizing them, formed the ''Ordnungspolizei'' and the ''Kriminalpolizei''. Williams, Max. ''Reinhard Heydrich: The Biography: Volume 1'', 2001, p 77.<


fighting crime

law enforcement while the SiPo consisted of the secret state police (Geheime Staatspolizei or Gestapo) and criminal investigation police (Kriminalpolizei or Kripo). The Kriminalpolizei was a corps of professional detectives involved in fighting crime and the task of the Gestapo was combating espionage and political dissent. On 27 September 1939, the SS security service, the Sicherheitsdienst (SD) and the SiPo were folded into the Reich Main Security Office (Reichssicherheitshauptamt or RSHA). Lumsden, Robin. ''A Collector's Guide To: The Allgemeine - SS'', p 83. The RSHA symbolized the close connection between the SS (a party organization) and the police (a state organization). After the Nazi party rose to power in Germany, Wirth served in the Württemberg police force. He had joined the uniformed police (''Orpo'') in 1910 before the onset of World War I. Wirth rose to become the captain of detectives ( The Blue Police was subordinate to German Ordnungspolizei.


historical record

The Blue Police was subordinate to German Ordnungspolizei.


radical

police job. Frick was elected to the ''Reichstag (Reichstag (Weimar Republic))'' in May 1924 and associated himself with the radical Gregor Strasser; he climbed to posts of leadership in the NSDAP (Nazi Party), becoming ''Fraktionsführer'' (parliamentary leader) in 1928. Rulers Index The original series is set in Vienna and focuses on the three-man staff of an office of the Kriminalpolizei

the Wehrmacht. Incorporated specifically into ''Einsatzgruppe D'' were a number of Albanian, Serbo-Croatian and possibly Bosnian volunteers, who were organized by Mohammad Amin al-Husayni, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem.

Kriminalpolizei

After Hitler took office in January 1933, the Nazis began a programme of "coordination (Gleichschaltung)" of all aspects of German life, in order to consolidate the Nazi Party's hold on power. McNab, Chris. ''The Third Reich'', p 14. In July 1936, the Prussian central criminal investigation department ''(Landeskriminalpolizeiamt)'' became the central criminal investigation department for the entire Reich, the ''Reichskriminalpolizeiamt''. It was merged, along with the central office of the secret state police, the ''Geheime Staatspolizei'' or Gestapo into the ''Hauptamt Sicherheitspolizei''. Nebe was appointed head of the ''Reichskriminalpolizeiamt'', and reported to Heydrich.

In September 1939, the ''Reichssicherheitshauptamt'' or Reich Main Security Office (RSHA) was created as the command organization for the various state investigation and security agencies.

The ''Kriminalpolizei'' were mostly plain-clothes detectives, worked in conjunction with the ''Ordnungspolizei'', the uniformed branch of the police and other agencies such as the ''Geheime Feldpolizei''. The policy directives came from the ''SS-Hauptamt''. The Kripo was organized in a hierarchical system, with central offices in all towns and smaller cities. These, in turn, answered to headquarters offices in the larger German cities which answered to the Central Office of the ''Kriminalpolizei'', a department of the RSHA.

The ''Kriminalpolizei'' was mainly concerned with serious crimes such as rape, murder and arson. A main area of the group's focus was also on "blackout burglary," considered a serious problem during bombing raids when criminals would raid abandoned homes, shops and factories for any available valuables. The Kripo was also one of the sources of manpower used to fill the ranks of the ''Einsatzgruppen'' and several senior Kripo commanders, Arthur Nebe among them, were assigned as ''Einsatzgruppen'' commanders. thumb left 150px Kripo researchers measure a Sinti (File:Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1989-110-32, Eva Justin --- und Dr. Adolf Würth bei Schädelmessung.jpg) boy's head in anthropological studies of criminals, Stuttgart in 1938 As part of the Nazi doctrines on crime and race, the ''Rassenhygienische und Bevolkerungsbiologische Forschungsstelle'' ( The Kripo aided in the round ups of Roma and their deportations to concentration camps (Nazi concentration camps) and extermination camps.

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