Kosovo

What is Kosovo known for?


program+top


numerous reasons

Kosovo lignite reserves compared to the world In 2009 the Industry sector (Industry of Kosovo) accounted for 22.60 of GDP and a general workforce of 800,000 employees. It's on the 150th place, compared to the rest of the world.


show appearances

" The concert benefit was filmed live in Modena, Italy, during the summer of 1999 and was released for sale on September 21, with funds being donated to relief efforts for natural disasters in Guatemala and Kosovo. Carey made several live television and award show appearances at this time, and recorded her own Fox Broadcasting Company special, titled ''The Mariah Carey Homecoming Special''. A mini-concert filmed at Carey's old high school in Huntington, New York, the special aired on Fox on December 21, 1999. Carey performed "Heartbreaker" and its accompanying remix at the MTV European Music Awards (1999 MTV Europe Music Awards), held on November 11, 1999, in Dublin, Ireland. Additionally, the song was performed on ''The Oprah Winfrey Show'', the British music chart program ''Top of the Pops'', and ''The Today Show (Today (NBC program))'', which included a performance of "Can't Take That Away (Mariah's Theme)" and "Hero". "Thank God I Found You was performed live at the 2000 American Music Awards (American Music Awards of 2000) as well as on several European programs, including ''Top of the Pops'' and ''Friday Night's All Wright (Ian Wright)'' in the United Kingdom, NRJ (NRJ Radio) and ''Soulier d'Or (European Golden Shoe)'' in France, ''Wetten, dass..?'' in Germany, and ''Quelli che... il Calcio'' in Italy. The album's final two releases, "Can't Take That Away (Mariah's Theme)" and "Against All Odds (Take a Look at Me Now)", were performed on ''The View (The View (U.S. TV series))'' and at the 2000 Blockbuster Entertainment Awards (Blockbuster Inc.). Composition Sources differ regarding the initial composition of the division. Pavlowitch Pavlowitch 2007 (#Pavlowitch 2007), p. 177 states that sixty percent of its recruits were composed of Muslims and the rest were Yugoslav ''Volksdeutsche'' (Germans of Yugoslavia) who made up the majority of its officers (Officer (armed forces)) and NCO (Non-commissioned officer)s, but Tomasevich Tomasevich (2001) (#Tomasevich 2001), pp. 498-499 states that it was formed with 23,200 Muslims and 2,800 Croats, with mostly German officers. Whilst Tomasevich states it was the largest of the Muslim SS Divisions with 26,000 men, Lepre indicates that the prescribed strength of the division was reduced from 26,000 to 21,000, Lepre (1997) (#Lepre 1997), pp. 138-139 and Cohen states that the division achieved a maximum strength of 17,000 in April 1944. Cohen (1996) (#Cohen 1996), p. 101 The number of Christians was higher than directed by Himmler, who had allowed a 10% Christian component only after the recruitment of sufficient Muslims proved difficult. Lepre (1997) (#Lepre 1997), p. 35 The division had a Muslim Imam for each battalion other than the all-German signal battalion. Lepre (1997) (#Lepre 1997), p. 75 For about six months the division included about 1,000 ethnic Albanians from Kosovo and the Sandžak region who were formed into the 1st Battalion of the 2nd Regiment, which later became the 1st Battalion of the 28th Regiment. Lepre (1997) (#Lepre 1997), pp. 48-49 During the final phase of Operation Osterei, I 28 (made up of Albanian soldiers) was withdrawn from the fighting and transferred to Pristina in Kosovo to form part of the 21st Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Skanderbeg (1st Albanian) being raised by order of Himmler. A new I 28 was raised from other divisional units and new recruits. History The airline was established in July 1997 and started operations in January 1998 using decommissioned aircraft of the Ukrainian air force. Since 1998 UCA have been used to fulfil UN programmes in Yugoslavia (Kosovo) and Africa (Sierra Leone, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo) to deliver relief cargo, transport peacekeeping troops and evacuate refugees. It is 100% owned by the State Property Fund of Ukraine. The airline was shut down by the Ukrainian civil aviation authority over safety concerns in 2009. The carrier was also been blacklisted by the European Union. ::"East Timor", ABC News, ABC TV (Australian Broadcasting Corporation) ::"Liberation Day in Kosovo (Kosovo)", Nine Network ::"The East Timor Crisis (East Timor)", SBS (Special Broadcasting Service) ''Carabinieri'' units have been dispatched all over the world in peacekeeping missions, including Bosnia, Kosovo, Afghanistan and Iraq. The party has been led by Zmago Jelinčič since its founding in 1991. Jelinčič has often shifted the focus of the party's ideology in order to suit changing popular sentiment in Slovenia. In the early 1990s the party led a chauvinist discourse against immigrants from former Yugoslav republics. This was somewhat moderated later, but the party continues to voice strongly anti-Croatian positions. Among other things, Jelinčič has proposed that the national border with Croatia be sealed, apart from two custom stations for trade, until the territorial dispute with Croatia is resolved (primarily the issue of the maritime border on the Gulf of Piran and several small areas along the land border). He also advocates improving relationships with Serbia and has opposed the independence of Kosovo. The SNS frequently and loudly demands better treatment of Slovene minorities in Italy, Austria (Carinthian Slovenes) and Hungary (Hungarian Slovenes). Non-state actors have increasingly become vital for opinion building in international fora and actively participate in a number of multilateral processes, such as the Human Rights Council. International Organizations also rely on non-state actors, particularly NGOs in the form of implementing partners in the national context. An example of the crucial role non-state actors can play in peace-building, is the contribution of COHRE (Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions) for the international protection of housing, land and property (HLP) rights in Kosovo by conceptualizing the Housing and Property Directorate (now Kosovo Property Agency) within the framework of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo. K. Hassine, Regularizing Property Rights in Kosovo and Elsewhere, 2010, ISBN 978-3-86553-340-1 In November 2006, Okean Elzy visited Kosovo, Serbia, where musicians had a concert for peace makers from Ukraine, Poland, Germany, USA and other countries, which include international contingent of peace makers. However political and security co-operation was hampered with China seeing little chance of headway there. Europe was leading the desire for NATO expansion and intervention in Kosovo, which China opposed as it saw them as extending US influence. However by 2001 China moderated its anti-US stance in the hopes that Europe would cancel its arms embargo but pressure from the US led to the embargo remaining in place. Due to this, China saw the EU as being too weak, divided and dependent on the US to be a significant power. Furthermore, it shared too many of the US' concerns about China's authoritarian system and threats of force over Taiwan. Even in the economic sphere, China was angered at protectionist measures against its exports to Europe and the EU's opposition to giving China the status of market economy in order to join the WTO (World Trade Organization).


public advocacy

;withdraw from its public advocacy of democracy and human rights". "This whole tendency to see ourselves as the center of political enlightenment and as teachers to a great part of the rest of the world strikes me as unthought-through, vainglorious and undesirable", he said in an interview with the ''New York Review of Books'' in 1999. "I would like to see our government gradually withdraw from its public advocacy of democracy and human rights. I submit that governments


running political

, Bosnia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo and Russia. freedomhouse.org: Map of Freedom in the World, 2008 Serbia The province of Kosovo is the subject of a long-running political and territorial dispute between the Serbian (and previously, the Yugoslav (Yugoslavia)) government and Kosovo's largely ethnic-Albanian population. International negotiations began in 2006 to determine final status (''See


significant power

as it saw them as extending US influence. However by 2001 China moderated its anti-US stance in the hopes that Europe would cancel its arms embargo but pressure from the US led to the embargo remaining in place. Due to this, China saw the EU as being too weak, divided and dependent on the US to be a significant power. Furthermore, it shared too many of the US' concerns about China's authoritarian system and threats of force over Taiwan. Even in the economic sphere, China was angered at protectionist measures against its exports to Europe and the EU's opposition to giving China the status of market economy in order to join the WTO (World Trade Organization).


opposition+social

Paul Bérenger of the Mauritian Militant Movement and Navin Ramgoolam of the opposition Social Alliance. (IOL) (BBC) Kosovo War No legal changes to Yugoslav borders according to the Resolution 1244, but effective political and economic separation of Kosovo from the rest of Yugoslavia under United Nations temporary


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) is an ethnic Albanian (Albanians) politician in Kosovo who served as the Prime Minister of Kosovo for the best part of a year. He was nominated by Kosovan President Ibrahim Rugova and elected Prime Minister by the Kosovo Parliament on 23 March 2005 following his predecessor Ramush Haradinaj's indictment for war crimes and subsequent resignation. Kosumi resigned on 1 March 2006 amid widespread unpopularity and was replaced by former rebel leader Agim Çeku. He also served as the deputy chairman of the Alliance for the Future of Kosovo. DATE OF BIRTH 20 March 1960 PLACE OF BIRTH Tuxhec Kosovska Kamenica, Kosovo (Yugoslavia (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia)) DATE OF DEATH According to the documentary ''The Brooklyn Connection'', M82s smuggled into Kosovo by sympathizers in the United States have quickly become popular long range sniper rifles in the Kosovo Liberation Army. In Northern Ireland during the 1990s, the South Armagh Brigade of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) used Barrett rifles against the British Army and the Royal Ulster Constabulary police. "16.9 Based on the findings of the investigation concluding that the Barrett .50 calibre rifle used on 12 February 1997 was not the same weapon used in sniper shootings in South Armagh between 1990 and 1994..." Police Ombudsman report, 13 December 2006. Harris has variously written for the TV shows ''Bones (Bones (TV show))'' and ''CSI: Crime Scene Investigation'', appeared frequently as a debunker of urban legends on the TLC Network program ''Mostly True Stories: Urban Legends Revealed'', done voiceover work on an episode of ''Buffy the Vampire Slayer (Buffy the Vampire Slayer (TV series))'', contributed to several comic book projects published by ''Dark Horse Comics'', and narrated an audiobook on Kosovo by Noam Chomsky. He has also contributed to ''National Lampoon (National Lampoon (magazine))'', the ''Chicago Tribune'', Paul Krassner's magazine ''The Realist'', and numerous other publications. The British Army has also played an increasingly prominent role in peacekeeping operation, gaining much respect for its comparative expertise in the area. In 1992, during the wars in the Balkans provoked by the gradual disintegration of Yugoslavia, UN forces intervened in Croatia and later Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina). British forces contributed as part of UNPROFOR (United Nations Protection Force). Mallinson, p. 446 The force was a peacekeeping one, but with no peace to keep, it proved ineffective and was replaced by the NATO IFOR though this was in turn replaced the following year by SFOR. Mallinson, p. 447 As of 2005, Britain's contribution numbers about 3,000 troops. In 1999 the UK took a lead role in the NATO war against Slobodan Milošević's forces in Kosovo. Mallinson, p. 448 After the air war ended, the Parachute Regiment and Royal Gurkha Rifles provided the spearhead for ground forces entering Kosovo. In 2000, British forces, as part of Operation Palliser, intervened in a civil war ravaged Sierra Leone, with the intention of evacuating British, Commonwealth and EU citizens. The SAS also played a prominent role when they, along with the Paras, launched the successful Operation Barras to rescue 6 soldiers of the Royal Irish Regiment (Royal Irish Regiment (1992)) being held by the rebels. The British force remained and provided the catalyst for the stabilisation of the country. Mallinson, p. 478 She has reported nearly every violent conflict since the late 1980s


based international

nuclear issue , the role of Islamism worldwide, the Arab-Israeli conflict, and the way forward in Kosovo, Iraq and the Western Sahara; and * Strongly supporting a rules-based, rather than force-based, international order, in particular significantly influencing UN resolutions and institutional structures in relation to the new international norm of the ‘responsibility to protect’. International Crisis Group - About International Crisis Group * '''Asia:''' Afghanistan, Bangladesh, China Taiwan Strait, India (Kashmir), Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Myanmar Burma, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Tajikistan, Thailand, Timor-Leste, Turkmenistan, Sri Lanka, Uzbekistan * '''Europe:''' Abkhazia, Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus, Georgia (Georgia (country)), Kosovo, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia, South Ossetia, Turkey * '''Latin America:''' Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Haiti, Venezuela Variants In Albanian cuisine, minced meat (usually beef), rice and sliced potatoes are cooked in spices (salt, pepper, vegeta (vegeta (food)), paprika), folded into large leaves of steamed or boiled collard greens, then baked. There are other variations depending on personal taste and availability. White cabbage is used mainly among Albanians in Kosovo, whereas Albanians in Montenegro use alternately collard greens or white cabbage. In the former Yugoslavia, this dish is known as ''sarma'' (сарма). right thumb 180px Armenian traditional national dish of the dolma (File:Armenian dolma.jpeg) *Geographical term: **In Albania, Kosovo, Republic of Macedonia, Greece, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Serbia: ***Drin (river), in Albania, Kosovo and the Republic of Macedonia In the early years of the new millennium, squadrons home ported at NAS Brunswick continued to fulfill their missions by flying intelligence, surveillance, reconnaissance and maritime patrol sorties in Operation Joint Guardian in Kosovo and Operation Deliberate Forge in Bosnia in support of U.S. and NATO forces. Following the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks against the U.S., those same squadrons began flying missions in support of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in the Middle East. thumb right 200px The Balkan Peninsula, as defined by the Danube-Sava-Kupa line. (File:Balkanpeninsula.png) This concept is based on a geographic argument, that is, on the boundaries of the Balkans (which is considered a synonym by the supporters). The countries located fully in the peninsula are the following: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, ''Kosovo'' (Limited recognition (List of states with limited recognition)) , Bulgaria, Greece, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), and Montenegro. Based in San Francisco, PC World's original edition is published in the United States however it is also available in other countries (51 in total), sometimes under a different name: * ''PC World'' in Albania, Australia, Bangladesh, Bulgaria, Brazil, Denmark, Greece, Hungary, India (from July 2006), Italy, Kosovo, New Zealand, Norway, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Spain, Romania, Turkey, Vietnam, Ecuador. * ''PC Advisor'' in Ireland and the United Kingdom. (Another now-discontinued magazine called ''Personal Computer World'' and a ''PC World (PC World (retailer))'' retailer —neither related to the ''PC World'' magazine —already exist or existed in those markets.) As part of Joint Force Harrier, 3 Squadron operated alongside the Fleet Air Arm Sea Harriers (BAE Sea Harrier), and was capable of deployment from the Royal Navy aircraft carriers. Operations included Operation Allied Force over Kosovo in 1999, Operation Palliser over Sierra Leone in 2000 and Operation Telic over Iraq in 2003. In August 2004, it was announced that 6 Harriers would be deployed to Afghanistan in support of NATO forces. *Norway: Coalition Party (Norway) (''Samlingspartiet'') *Kosovo: Coalition Party (Kosovo) In 1999 he made his first film for Hardcash Productions, ''Prime Suspects'', about a massacre in Kosovo for Channel 4's ''Dispatches (Dispatches (TV series))'' programme. This film won the Royal Television Society (RTS) award for International Current Affairs in 1999.


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embargo. Cook was also embarrassed when his apparent offer to mediate in the dispute between India and Pakistan over Kashmir was rebuffed. The ethical dimension of his policies was subject to inevitable scrutiny, leading to criticism at times. *''ArabNews'' reports that Saddam Hussein demanded that the UN Security Council lift the "embargo against Iraq", denounce the United States and the United Kingdom as "liars", strip Israel of weapons of mass destruction and force Israel to withdraw from "Palestine and occupied Arab land (Palestinian territories)". says it will send troops to join any war against Iraq , largely a symbolic measure thanking the United States and NATO for intervening in Kosovo in the 1999 Kosovo War. *The largest synagogue in Europe was opened in Baku. *Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia) in Plasnica and Centar Župa *Kosovo in Prizren and Mamuša *part of Bulgaria Khalilzad, along with most U.S. politicians, supported (International reaction to the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence#States which formally recognise Kosovo as independent) Kosovo's independence (2008 Kosovo declaration of independence). * On 7 June 2003 in Kabul, a taxi packed with explosives rammed a bus carrying German ISAF personnel, killing four soldiers and wounding 29 others; one Afghan bystander was killed and 10 Afghan bystanders were wounded. The 33 German soldiers, after months on duty in Kabul, were en route to the Kabul International Airport for their flight home to Germany. At the time, Germans soldiers made up more than 40% of ISAF. * A study by Care International in the summer of 2003 reported that Kosovo had one peacekeeper to 48 people, East Timor one for every 86, while Afghanistan has just one for every 5,380 people. * In May 2005 ISAF Stage 2 took place, doubling the size of the territory ISAF was responsible for. The new area was the former US Regional Command West consisting of Badghis, Farah, Ghor, and Herat Provinces. * 5 August 2005: Italian General Mauro del Vecchio assumed command of ISAF. During 2005 Italy commanded four multinational military operations: in Afghanistan, Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina), Kosovo and Albania. * September 2005: ISAF Stage 2 was completed under the Regional Command of Italy. In September 2005, the Alliance also temporarily deployed 2,000 additional troops to Afghanistan to support the 18 September provincial and parliamentary elections. IRC operations began inside Kosovo in 1997 and were expanded in 1999 to meet the needs of Kosovar refugees in Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Albania, Montenegro and Bosnia. Also in 1997, the IRC opened a UK office. Åsne Seierstad studied at the University of Oslo where she successfully completed her studies in Russian, Spanish and the history of philosophy. From 1993 until 1996 she reported for the Arbeiderbladet in Russia and in 1997 from China. From 1998 until 2000 she worked for the national television network NRK (Norsk Rikskringkasting) where she reported from the Serbian breakaway province of Kosovo. ''With Their Backs To The World: Portraits from Serbia (With Their Backs to The World: Portraits of Serbia)'', her first book, is an account of this time. (This book was extended and republished in 2004 when she again visited Serbia. The name was changed slightly, to ''Portraits of Serbia'', signaling that Serbia’s back is no longer turned to the world.) His brigade command was the 504th Parachute Infantry Regiment (504th Parachute Infantry Regiment (United States)) of the 82nd Airborne Division (82nd Airborne Division (United States)). He served as the Assistant Division Commander, 1st Armored Division (1st Armored Division (United States)), in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Following that tour, he served as the 66th Commandant at the United States Military Academy at West Point. At West Point, he reined in hazing rituals and revamped the curriculum. Later, he took command of the 1st Infantry Division (1st Infantry Division (United States)), the “Big Red One,” in Würzburg, Germany, from David L. Grange, which provided the first U.S. ground forces into Kosovo. He served as the Deputy Commander (Forward), Combined Forces Command, US Central Command (United States Central Command) during Operation Iraqi Freedom (Iraq War). International remakes ''Only Fools and Horses'' was sold to countries throughout the world. Australia, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Republic of Ireland, Israel, Kosovo, Macedonia (Republic of Macedonia), Malta, Montenegro, New Zealand, Pakistan, Serbia, Slovenia, South Africa and Spain are among those who purchased it.

Kosovo

'''Kosovo''' (

Kosovo is landlocked in the central Balkan Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Pristina. It is bordered by the Republic of Macedonia and Albania to the south, Montenegro to the west, and the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east. In antiquity, the Dardanian Kingdom (Dardani#Dardanian Kingdom), and later the Roman province of Dardania (Dardani#Roman Dardania) was located in the region. It was part of Serbia in the Middle Ages, and many consider the Battle of Kosovo of 1389 to be one of the defining moments in Serbian medieval history (Medieval Serbia). After being part of the Ottoman Empire from the 15th to the early 20th century, in the late 19th century Kosovo became the centre of the Albanian independence movement with the League of Prizren. As a result of the defeat in the First Balkan War (1912–13), Ottoman Empire ceded (Treaty of London (1913)) Vilayet of Kosovo to the Balkan League; Kingdom of Serbia took its larger part, while Kingdom of Montenegro annexed the western part (Metohija) before both countries became a part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia after World War I. After a period of Yugoslav unitarianism (Yugoslavism) in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the post-World War II Yugoslav (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) constitution established the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija within the Yugoslav constituent republic of Serbia (Socialist Republic of Serbia).

Long-term severe ethnic tensions between Kosovo's Albanian (Albanians) and Serb populations left Kosovo ethnically divided, resulting in inter-ethnic violence, including the Kosovo War of 1998–99. Schabnel, Albrecht; Thakur (ed), Ramesh (ed). ''Kosovo and the Challenge of Humanitarian Intervention: Selective Indignation, Collective Action, and International Citizenship'', New York: The United Nations University, 2001. Pp. 20. The war ended with a military intervention of NATO (NATO bombing of Yugoslavia), which forced the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to withdraw its troops from Kosovo, which became a UN protectorate (United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo) under UNSCR 1244. On 17 February 2008 Kosovo's Parliament declared independence (2008 Kosovo declaration of independence). It has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by . Serbia refuses to recognise Kosovo as a state, although with the Brussels Agreement of 2013 (Brussels Agreement (2013)) it has accepted the legitimacy of Kosovo institutions and its special status within Serbia. The agreement solidified that public institutions in Kosovo are exclusively operated by Kosovo's elected government, and not Serbia's.

Kosovo is not a member of the United Nations due to its lack of diplomatic recognition from several countries. It is, however, a member of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, International Road and Transport Union (IRU), Regional Cooperation Council, Council of Europe Development Bank, Venice Commission and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Within the European Union (European Union member states), 23 of 28 members have recognised the Republic; Cyprus, Greece, Romania, Slovakia, and Spain have not. EU 5 "less likely than ever" to recognize Kosovo “B92 – News”, Retrieved 31 March 2014

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