Kosovo

What is Kosovo known for?


summer term

;!-- Deleted image removed: Image:Stchris1.jpg thumb right 235px St Christopher School, Letchworth Garden City


controversial articles

with the regular local elections in the rest of Serbia (Serbian local elections, 2008). The squadron has taken part in most operations the British armed forces have been involved with in recent years, including the Falklands War, the first Gulf War, operations in Kosovo and the war in Iraq (Operation Telic) in 2003. From my own experience, Chris 73 is a dedicated and sensitive admin who has tactfully edited on some highly controversial articles, such as Kosovo smoothing some of the nationalist and biased POV. GeneralPatton (User:GeneralPatton) 18:30, 3 Feb 2005 (UTC) Since Desert Shield Desert Storm, USTRANSCOM has continued to prove its worth during contingencies—such as Desert Thunder (Operation Desert Thunder) (enforcement of UN resolutions in Iraq) and Allied Force (NATO operations against Serbia)--and peacekeeping endeavors—for example, Restore Hope (Operation Restore Hope) (Somalia), Support Hope (Rwanda), Uphold Democracy (Operation Uphold Democracy) (Haiti), Joint Endeavor (Operation Joint Endeavor) (Bosnia-Herzegovina), and Joint Guardian (Operation Joint Guardian) (Kosovo). Likewise, the command has supported numerous humanitarian relief operations transporting relief supplies to victims of natural disasters at home and abroad. After terrorist attacks (11 September 2001 attacks) on 11 September 2001 that killed nearly 3,000 people and wounded thousands more, USTRANSCOM became a vital partner in the United States' Global War On Terrorism (War on Terrorism) supporting the warfighter in Operation Enduring Freedom (Afghanistan) and Operation Iraqi Freedom (2003 invasion of Iraq) (Iraq). From October 2001 to the present, USTRANSCOM, its components, and its national partners have transported over 2.2 million passengers and nearly


keeping trademark

in an war in Kosovo in 1999 resulted in a hiatus that lasted a few years. The group was then composed of Ajs Nigrutin and Timjah, with Wikluh Sky joining later. Songs recorded in that period showed major improvement over their early efforts, developing their rapping skills drastically while still keeping trademark irreverent lyrics. They joined forces with Oneya, then an up-and-coming beatmaker who was working on starting the first Serbian hip-hop label, Bassivity. They had


year battle

for the federal government to address concerns that same-sex marriage will be a step towards it. The results will be published in December or January. (CTV) * The five-year battle to live in Canada ended for Sanja Pecelj's as she arrived in Halifax (Halifax Regional Municipality, Nova Scotia). Having spent 441 days in a church basement for sanctuary from being deported to Kosovo where her house had been


small style

and Vojvodina) I wouldn't be surprised if either had the necessary 60 stubs. However, I would ask that the usual 60 stubs be shown if we're to keep it. Caerwine (User:Caerwine) Caerwhine (User_talk:Caerwine) 16:06, 16 December 2005 (UTC) **According to


numerous training

Administration Mission in Kosovo Interim Administration Mission . Following the end of World War II, the division saw frequent reorganizations and deactivations. Although the 29th did not see combat through most of the next 50 years, it participated in numerous training exercises throughout the world. It eventually saw deployment to Kosovo as a commanding element in Kosovo Force, and units of the division also deployed to locations such as Guantanamo Bay Naval Base and Afghanistan


heavy opposition

a lengthy and often violent dispute with Serbia, Kosovo declared independence in February 2008 and is recognised by 107 countries out of 193 around the world, despite heavy opposition from Serbia, which continues to consider Kosovo an illegitimately separated province of Serbia. Kosovo's far north along with two small regions elsewhere are under the control of local Serbian authorities, indicating a Serb majority in these parts. Kosovo is largely an Albanian-speaking and Muslim area (though


including silver

Prime Minister Robert Fico in Belgrade. History Archaeologists have found various artifacts including silver female earrings and bronze belt-buckles in Bronze Age tumuli in Pëllumbas, one of the villages of Berat. These items are similar to other artifacts found in northern Albania (Kukës (Kukës District) and Mat (Mat District)), Kosovo (Gjilane (Gjilane District)) and northwestern Greece (Pogoni).


energy community

for electricity and natural gas. Participating are the member partners of the pact (without Moldova) as well as Greece and Turkey. ** This process was also enhanced by the recent creation of a common European Energy Community between the European Union and the countries participating in the pact (without Moldova) and Kosovo. Turkey has delayed its participation with six months, because of problems with implementation of the environment (Natural environment) parts of the acquis communautaire. Moldova, Ukraine and Norway are expected to join later. - ! rowspan "2" ''' EU (European Union) ''' !!rowspan "2" ''' EFTA (European Free Trade Association) ''' !!rowspan "2" ''' Turkey CU (EU-Turkey Customs Union) ''' !!rowspan "2" ''' Croatia ''' !!rowspan "2" ''' Republic of Macedonia ''' !!rowspan "2" ''' Albania ''' !!rowspan "2" ''' Bosnia and Herzegovina ''' !!rowspan "2" ''' Serbia and Montenegro ''' !!rowspan "2" ''' Kosovo '''!!rowspan "2" ''' Moldova ''' !! rowspan "2" ''' Ukraine ''' !!rowspan "2" ''' Georgia (Georgia (country)) ''' !!rowspan "2" ''' Armenia ''' !!rowspan "2" ''' Azerbaijan ''' -


aggressive military

strikes on Afghanistan and Sudan (August 1998) bombings of Sudan and Afghanistan.” Antiwar.com has consistently opposed all U.S. interventionism (Interventionism (politics)), from the bombing of Serbia to the present occupations of Afghanistan and Iraq. It has also condemned aggressive military action and other forms of belligerence on the part of other governments, as well as what contributors view as the fiscal and civil liberties consequences of war. “Who We Are”, Antiwar.com (Randolph Bourne Institute, 2010) (April 21, 2010). Wen Stephenson of ''The Atlantic'' described the site as marked by “a decidely sic right-wing cast of thought.” Wen Stephenson, “Not Your Father’s Antiwar Movement,” The Atlantic Online (''Atlantic Monthly'', April 14, 1999) (April 21, 2010). Its founders characterize themselves as libertarians, “Frequently Asked Questions,” Antiwar.com (Randolph Bourne Institute, n.d.) (April 21, 2010) , and the two principal co-founders were involved in libertarian Republican politics, at the time. According to 2007 data published in 2008 by Freedom House, the countries of Europe that cannot be classified liberal (Liberal democracy) electoral democracies (Electoral democracy) are Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Bosnia, Kazakhstan, Kosovo and Russia. freedomhouse.org: Map of Freedom in the World, 2008 Serbia The province of Kosovo is the subject of a long-running political and territorial dispute between the Serbian (and previously, the Yugoslav (Yugoslavia)) government and Kosovo's largely ethnic-Albanian population. International negotiations began in 2006 to determine final status (''See Kosovo status process''). Kosovo declared independence on 17 February 2008. Career Petritsch’s experience in the former Yugoslavia stretches back to 1997 when he was appointed Austrian Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. From October 1998 to July 1999 he served as the European Union’s Special Envoy for Kosovo and in February and March 1999 as the European Union’s Chief Negotiator at the Kosovo peace talks in Rambouillet and Paris. Petritsch’s diplomatic career also has seen him serve in Paris and New York. Career Petritsch’s experience in the former Yugoslavia stretches back to 1997 when he was appointed Austrian Ambassador to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. From October 1998 to July 1999 he served as the European Union’s Special Envoy for Kosovo and in February and March 1999 as the European Union’s Chief Negotiator at the Kosovo peace talks in Rambouillet and Paris. Petritsch’s diplomatic career also has seen him serve in Paris and New York. In the 18th century, Alberto Fortis visited the Morlachs and found that they sang beautiful verses of epic poetry related to the Turkish occupation of Serbian Kosovo. They sang the verses along with the traditional single stringed instrument called gusle goo-slae . This poetry was collected by the Scottish man-of-letters Lord Bute, who was close to King George III. In 1943 a number of Albanians from Kosovo and the Sandžak region were recruited into the 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Handschar (1st Croatian). They were used to form Battalion I 2 (later I 28) and received first rate training in southern France and Neuhammer, Germany. This was perhaps the best trained and equipped Nazi Albanian military formation during the war and was transferred directly from combat in Bosnia to Kosovo via rail on 17 April 1944 to form part of the newly created SS ''Skanderbeg'' division. The head of Waffen SS recruitment, SS-Obergruppenführer (Obergruppenführer) Gottlob Berger reported to Himmler that the Albanians "...were quite sad about leaving." Lepre, George, ''Himmler's Bosnian Division: The Waffen-SS Handschar Division 1943-1945'', (Atlgen, PA: Schiffer Military History, 1997) ISBN 0-7643-0134-9, page. 165. In 1943 a number of Albanians from Kosovo and the Sandžak region were recruited into the 13th Waffen Mountain Division of the SS Handschar (1st Croatian). They were used to form Battalion I 2 (later I 28) and received first rate training in southern France and Neuhammer, Germany. This was perhaps the best trained and equipped Nazi Albanian military formation during the war and was transferred directly from combat in Bosnia to Kosovo via rail on 17 April 1944 to form part of the newly created SS ''Skanderbeg'' division. The head of Waffen SS recruitment, SS-Obergruppenführer (Obergruppenführer) Gottlob Berger reported to Himmler that the Albanians "...were quite sad about leaving." Lepre, George, ''Himmler's Bosnian Division: The Waffen-SS Handschar Division 1943-1945'', (Atlgen, PA: Schiffer Military History, 1997) ISBN 0-7643-0134-9, page. 165. In February 1944 the decision was taken, following the modest success of SS ''Handschar'' in Bosnia, to raise a parallel unit inside Albania. According to Bernd Fischer, the Division included 1500 Pows, "natives of Kosovo who had served in the Yugoslav army, plus remnants of the failed Albanian army and gendarmerie, volunteers from both old and new Albania." Bernd Jurgen Fischer "Albania at War", page.185 Xhafer Deva, an Albanian from Kosovo and periodically the Interior Minister under the Nazi puppet regime, helped with recruitment. The Division was called ''SS Skënderbeu'' in Albanian (Albanian language). The Division participated in the Wehrmacht Operation "Fuchsjagd", known to the Communists as the "Battle of Debar", over 18 to 27 August 1944 (during the first week of Ramadan). The Division fought alongside Albanian government soldiers, tribal bands from the Roman Catholic Mirdita clan, an Albanian (Albanians) nationalist ''četa'' from Debar itself and approximately 800 men from Colonel Abaz Kupi's Zogist-Legality (Royalist) faction. The town of Debar was not captured and the campaign against Communist partisans in central Albania was a failure, only leading to further desertions. The only other action partaken was assisting the orderly Wehrmacht withdrawal over October to November 1944. Over 700 men of this SS Division, along with approximately 5000 local Kosovo-Albanians recruited by Xhafer Deva, aided the Germans evacuating through Kosovo and resisted incursions by both Communist partisans and Bulgarian incursions. '''Kačanik''' or '''Kaçanik''' (

Kosovo

'''Kosovo''' (

Kosovo is landlocked in the central Balkan Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Pristina. It is bordered by the Republic of Macedonia and Albania to the south, Montenegro to the west, and the uncontested territory of Serbia to the north and east. In antiquity, the Dardanian Kingdom (Dardani#Dardanian Kingdom), and later the Roman province of Dardania (Dardani#Roman Dardania) was located in the region. It was part of Serbia in the Middle Ages, and many consider the Battle of Kosovo of 1389 to be one of the defining moments in Serbian medieval history (Medieval Serbia). After being part of the Ottoman Empire from the 15th to the early 20th century, in the late 19th century Kosovo became the centre of the Albanian independence movement with the League of Prizren. As a result of the defeat in the First Balkan War (1912–13), Ottoman Empire ceded (Treaty of London (1913)) Vilayet of Kosovo to the Balkan League; Kingdom of Serbia took its larger part, while Kingdom of Montenegro annexed the western part (Metohija) before both countries became a part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia after World War I. After a period of Yugoslav unitarianism (Yugoslavism) in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the post-World War II Yugoslav (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) constitution established the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija within the Yugoslav constituent republic of Serbia (Socialist Republic of Serbia).

Long-term severe ethnic tensions between Kosovo's Albanian (Albanians) and Serb populations left Kosovo ethnically divided, resulting in inter-ethnic violence, including the Kosovo War of 1998–99. Schabnel, Albrecht; Thakur (ed), Ramesh (ed). ''Kosovo and the Challenge of Humanitarian Intervention: Selective Indignation, Collective Action, and International Citizenship'', New York: The United Nations University, 2001. Pp. 20. The war ended with a military intervention of NATO (NATO bombing of Yugoslavia), which forced the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia to withdraw its troops from Kosovo, which became a UN protectorate (United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo) under UNSCR 1244. On 17 February 2008 Kosovo's Parliament declared independence (2008 Kosovo declaration of independence). It has since gained diplomatic recognition as a sovereign state by . Serbia refuses to recognise Kosovo as a state, although with the Brussels Agreement of 2013 (Brussels Agreement (2013)) it has accepted the legitimacy of Kosovo institutions and its special status within Serbia. The agreement solidified that public institutions in Kosovo are exclusively operated by Kosovo's elected government, and not Serbia's.

Kosovo is not a member of the United Nations due to its lack of diplomatic recognition from several countries. It is, however, a member of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), World Bank, International Road and Transport Union (IRU), Regional Cooperation Council, Council of Europe Development Bank, Venice Commission and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Within the European Union (European Union member states), 23 of 28 members have recognised the Republic; Cyprus, Greece, Romania, Slovakia, and Spain have not. EU 5 "less likely than ever" to recognize Kosovo “B92 – News”, Retrieved 31 March 2014

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