Kingdom of Prussia

What is Kingdom of Prussia known for?


history prominent

of the imperialist (imperialism) or expansionist (expansionism) ideologies of several nations throughout history. Prominent examples include the Ancient Assyrian Empire, the Greek city state of Sparta, the Roman Empire, the Aztec nation, the Kingdom of Prussia, the British Empire, the Empire of Japan, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (which would later become part of the Soviet Union), the Italian Colonial Empire during the reign of Benito Mussolini


performing military

was normally a military decoration only, though there were instances of it being awarded to civilians for performing military functions. Two examples of this were civilian test pilots Hanna Reitsch and Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg, who were awarded the Iron Cross First Class and Second Class respectively for their actions as pilots during the Second World War. History The settlement was established in the 10th century, when Sorbs erected a castle on a sandy island


political sense

forces. *1864 – Second War of Schleswig: The Danish (Denmark) navy defeats the Austrian (Austrian Empire) and Prussian (Kingdom of Prussia) fleets in the Battle of Heligoland (Battle of Heligoland (1864)). *1873 – ''Der Krach (Panic of 1873)'': Vienna stock market crash heralds the Long Depression. Main line In a historical and political sense, the Main line is referred to as the northern border of Southern Germany, with its predominantly

, but contended that despite his lack of political sense was nonetheless successful because of his strong moral character. Schnitzler was born in Berlin the son of German (German Empire) vice consul Julius Eduard von Schnitzler, scion of a Cologne banking dynasty, who had been ennobled (Ennoblement) by the state of Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia) in 1913. Karl-Eduard attended a boarding school at Bad Godesberg and joined the ''Sozialistische


free independent

, Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia) and Russia (Russian Empire) The '''Free, Independent, and Strictly Neutral City of Kraków The Polish variant of Kraków is occasionally retroactively applied in English to the historical Free City. (Cracow) with its Territory''' ( ), more commonly known as either the '''Free City of Kraków''' or '''Republic of Kraków''' (


main including

Republic and Prussia had stipulated that the latter would ensure the Holy Roman Empire's neutrality in all the latter's territories north of the demarcation line of the river Main (Main (river)), including the British continental dominions of the Electorate of Hanover and the Duchies of Bremen-Verden (Bremen-Verden). To this end, Hanover (including Bremen-Verden) also had to provide troops for the so-called ''demarcation army'' maintaining this state of ''armed neutrality

neutrality in all the latter's territories north the demarcation line of the river Main (Main (river)), including Hanover. Regular Hanoveran troops, therefore, had been commandeered to join the multilateral so-called "Demarcation Army." His efforts were in vain. In 1803, he was senior army commander, and replaced Wallmoden as commander of the on the Weser 1 June. With the advance of French forces on one side and 24,000 Prussian soldiers on the other


event based

lands in the Russian Empire in 1803–4 and again in 1808. A poignant retelling of this event based on what Goethe (Johann Wolfgang von Goethe) had personally witnessed can be found in his long poem ''Hermann and Dorothea''. thumb Traditional costumes of Alsace (File:Alsace4.jpg) France was provoked by the Ems Dispatch into the Franco-Prussian War (1870–71), and was defeated by the Kingdom of Prussia and other German states. The end of the war led to the unification


satirical poem

;query.nytimes.com" the son of Christiane Weitling and Guilliaume Terigeon, the latter a French soldier in Napoleon's army who died in Russia in 1812. His parent were not married. A tailor's apprentice, Weitling began to travel as a journeyman tailor in 1830, when he joined the clothing firm of Höpfner & Walseck in Leipzig. There he first displayed his talent as an activist with a satirical poem published locally. In 1832, he went to Dresden, and later Vienna.<


hard famous

'' and a Russian Empire army under Levin August, Count von Bennigsen near the town of Preußisch Eylau in East Prussia. Haythornthwaite, Philip J., ''Die Hard! Famous Napoleonic Battles'', Cassell, London, 1996, chapter 3 Late in the battle, the Russians received a timely reinforcement from a Prussian (Kingdom of Prussia) division. The town is now called Bagrationovsk and it is a part of Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia. The engagement was fought during


building traditional

. Thereafter, Naumann joined the SS (Schutzstaffel). In 1937 he was Chief of the Propaganda Office in Breslau. section of the route between the lakes was too great for building traditional locks (Lock (water transport)); an ingenious system of Canal


school taking

Prussian Province of Westphalia (now in North Rhine-Westphalia), on 14 January 1892 to the Lutheran (Lutheranism) pastor Heinrich Niemöller and his wife Pauline née Müller, and grew up in a very conservative home. In 1900 the family moved to Elberfeld where he finished school, taking his abitur exam in 1910. The city of Königsberg in Prussia (Kingdom of Prussia) (now Kaliningrad, Russia) was set on both sides of the Pregolya Pregel

Kingdom of Prussia

conventional_long_name Kingdom of Prussia native_name ''Königreich Preußen'' common_name Prussia continent Europe region Central Europe country Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Denmark, Belgium and the Czech Republic were formally parts of Prussia. status State (States of the German Confederation) of the German Confederation (partly, 1815–1866) State (States of the North German Confederation) of the North German Confederation (1867–1871) State (States of the German Empire) of the German Empire (1871–1918) year_start 1701 year_end 1918 image_flag Flag of Prussia 1892-1918.svg flag_type Flag image_coat Wappen Deutsches Reich - Königreich Preussen (Grosses).png symbol Coat of arms of Prussia symbol_type Royal coat of arms national_motto national_anthem image_map German Empire - Prussia (1871).svg image_map_caption The Kingdom of Prussia (dark red) at its greatest extent, after the de facto incorporation of Saxe-Lauenburg in 1866. capital Berlin latd 52 latm 31 latNS N longd 13 longm 24 longEW E common_languages '''Official:''' German (German language) header '''Recognised:''' content religion government_type title_leader King (List of monarchs of Prussia#Kingdom of Prussia (1701–1918)) leader1 Frederick I (Frederick I of Prussia) year_leader1 1701–1713 leader2 William II (William II, German Emperor) year_leader2 1888–1918 title_deputy deputy1 Adolf Heinrich (Adolf Heinrich von Arnim-Boitzenburg) year_deputy1 1848 deputy2 Maximilian William (Prince Maximilian of Baden) year_deputy2 1918 legislature ''Landtag (Landtag of Prussia)'' house1 ''Herrenhaus (House of Lords of Prussia)'' house2 ''Abgeordnetenhaus (Abgeordnetenhaus (Prussia))'' era event_start Frederick I (Frederick I of Prussia) date_start 18 January event1 Jena-Auerstedt (Battle of Jena-Auerstedt) date_event1 14 October 1806 event2 Congress of Vienna date_event2 9 June 1815 event3 date_event3 5 December 1848 event4 Germany unified (Unification of Germany) date_event4 18 January 1871 event_end date_end 28 November event_post Treaty of Versailles date_post 28 June 1919 stat_year1 1816 stat_pop1 10349031 stat_year2 1871 stat_pop2 24689000 stat_year3 1910 stat_pop3 34472509 stat_area3 348779 currency p1 Holy Roman Empire flag_p1 Banner of the Holy Roman Emperor with haloes (1400-1806).svg p2 Brandenburg-Prussia flag_p2 Flag of Brandenburg (1660–1750).svg p3 Royal Prussia flag_p3 Flag of Prussia (1466-1772) Lob.svg p4 Free City of Danzig (Napoleonic) flag_p4 Gdansk flag.svg p5 Swedish Pomerania flag_p5 Naval Ensign of Sweden.svg border_p5 no p6 Electorate of Hesse flag_p6 Flag of Hesse.svg p7 Free City of Frankfurt flag_p7 Flagge der Freien Stadt Frankfurt.png p8 Duchy of Nassau flag_p8 Flagge Herzogtum Nassau (1806-1866).svg p9 Kingdom of Hanover flag_p9 Flag of Hanover 1837-1866.svg p10 Duchy of Holstein flag_p10 Flag of Denmark.svg p11 Duchy of Schleswig flag_p11 Flag of Denmark.svg p12 Saxe-Lauenburg flag_p12 Flag of Lauenburg.svg s1 Free State of Prussia flag_s1 Flag of Prussia (1918–1933).svg today footnotes

The '''Kingdom of Prussia''' ( ) was a German kingdom (Monarchy) that existed between 1701 and 1918 and included parts of present-day Germany, Poland, Russia, Lithuania, Denmark, Belgium and the Czech Republic. Marriott, J. A. R., and Charles Grant Robertson. The Evolution of Prussia, the Making of an Empire,. Rev. ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1946. It was the driving force behind the unification of Germany in 1871, and was the leading state of the German Empire until its dissolution in 1918. Although it took its name from the region called Prussia (Prussia (region)), it was based in Brandenburg (Margraviate of Brandenburg), where its capital was Berlin.

Prussia was a great power from the time it became a kingdom, through its predecessor, Brandenburg-Prussia, which became a military power under Frederick William (Frederick William, Elector of Brandenburg), known as "The Great Elector". Fueter, Eduard (1922). World history, 1815–1920. United States of America: Harcourt, Brace and Company. pp. 25–28, 36–44. ISBN 1-58477-077-5. Danilovic, Vesna. "When the Stakes Are High—Deterrence and Conflict among Major Powers", University of Michigan Press (2002), p 27, p225-p228 Aping the Great Powers: Frederick the Great and the Defence of Prussia's International Position 1763–86, Pp. 286-307. The Rise of Prussia

Prussia continued its reign of power under the guidance of Frederick II (Frederick II of Prussia) (Frederick the Great), the third son of Frederick William I of Prussia. Horn, D. B. "The Youth of Frederick the Great 1712-30." In Frederick the Great and the Rise of Prussia, 9-10. 3rd ed. London: English Universities Press, 1964. Frederick the Great was credited for starting the Seven Years' War, holding his own against Austria, Russia, France and Sweden and establishing Prussia’s role in the German states, as well as establishing the country as a European great power. Horn, D. B. "The Seven Years' War." In Frederick the Great and the Rise of Prussia, 81-101. 3rd ed. London: English Universities Press, 1964. After the might of Prussia was revealed it became a major power for the German states. Throughout the next hundred years they went on to win many battles for the German states. Atkinson, C. T. A History of Germany, 1715-1815,. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1969. It was because of their power that they continuously tried to unify all the German states under their rule. After the Napoleonic wars the issue of unifying Germany into one country caused revolution throughout the German states each wanting their own constitution. Prussia tried once unsuccessfully to unify German states and end the fighting. The first was called the North German Confederation lasted from 1867-1871 and included many but not all of the German states. It was seen as more of an alliance of military strength in the aftermath of the Austro-Prussian War but many of its laws were later used in the German empire. The German Empire lasted from 1871-1918 and was the successful unification of all the German states under Prussian power. This was due to the defeat of Napoleon III in the Franco-Prussian war of 1870-1871. The war united all the German states against a common enemy, and with the victory came an overwhelming wave of patriotism which changed the opinions of those against unification. In 1871, Germany unified into a single country with Prussia the dominant power. Prussia is considered the legal predecessor (Succession of states) of the unified German Reich (1871–1945) and as such a direct ancestor of the current German state (Germany). The formal abolition of Prussia, carried out on 25 February 1947 by the ''fiat'' of the Allied Control Council referred to an alleged tradition of the kingdom as a bearer of militarism and reaction (Reactionism), and made way for the current setup of the German states. However, the '''Free State of Prussia''' ( ), which has become one of the largest cultural organisations in the world. Langels, Otto: "Constitutional Reality: 50 years of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation", in German, Deutschlandradio, 25 July 2007

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