Kingdom of Iberia

What is Kingdom of Iberia known for?


Christianity

;!--- Optional: Date of disestablishment --- event1 date_event1 event2 Adoption of Christianity (Christianity in Georgia (country)) as state religion date_event2 326 ? AD 337 ? AD p1 Achaemenid Empire p2 Colchis s1 Principate of Iberia image_map Georgian States Colchis and Iberia (600-150BC)-en.svg image_map_alt image_map_caption

and acknowledged the reign over all the Caucasian area, it recognized Mirian III (Mirian III of Iberia), the first of the Chosroid dynasty, as king of Iberia . The event is related

with the mission of a Cappadocian woman, Saint Nino, who since 303 had preached Christianity in the Georgian kingdom of Iberia (Eastern Georgia) . However, after the emperor Julian (Julian the Apostate) was slain during his failed campaign


period main

needed date August 2014 . Roman period This close association with Armenia (Kingdom of Armenia (antiquity)) and Pontus (Kingdom of Pontus) brought upon the country an invasion (Pompey's Georgian campaign) (65 BC) by the Roman (Roman Empire) general Pompey, who was then at war with Mithradates VI of Pontus, and Armenia; but Rome did not establish her power permanently over Iberia. Nineteen years later, the Romans again

and Persians and ensured Byzantine predominance in western and eastern Georgia (Georgia (country)) until the invasion of the Caucasus by the Arabs (Caliphate) The Arabs reached Iberia about 645 and forced its eristavi (prince), Stephanoz II (637-c. 650), to abandon his allegiance to Byzantium and recognize the Caliph as his suzerain


time part

of Caucasian Albania :File:Aghuank.jpg "at that time part of the Caucasian Albanian state-lay in the northeastern part of the province of Hereti" http: upload.wikimedia.org wikipedia commons 6 64 Armenia%2C_Colchis%2C_Iberia%2C_Albania%2C_Etc.jpg :File:Caucasus 300 map alt de.png , until it ended its existence and united with Kolkheti and Svania to make up Kingdom of Iberia in around 4 BC. After that, the region was a separate kingdom within Georgian cultural and political influence. There are data that support the assertion that in the fourth to fifth centuries Hereti was already a political component of Georgia; this is corroborated by surviving Georgian cultural monuments dating to the sixth to eighth centuries. The territory took part in establishing united Georgian Kingdom after it was incorporated into Georgia (Georgia (country)) in the 8th century. For ages, the territory now called Saingilo has been a historic part of Georgia. During the medieval era what later became known as Saingilo was mostly controlled by the kingdom of Georgia. King of Armenia Valens was reluctant to bestow a royal title upon Pap in order not to violate an earlier treaty signed by Jovian (Jovian (Emperor)) in July 363. Valens dispatched his ''magister peditum praesentalis '' Arintheus to Armenia just as Shapur invaded the country in pursuit of Pap who was hiding near the Roman frontier in Lazica. Meanwhile Terentius restored Sauromaces (Sauromaces II of Iberia) to the throne of Iberia (Kingdom of Iberia), but the king appointed by the Persians, Aspacures (Mihrdat III of Iberia) retained control of the eastern part of that kingdom. Instead of going after Pap, Shapur concentrated his attack on the now long besieged fortress of Artogerassa which fell in the winter of 370, the royal treasure was captured by the Persians and Pap's mother Queen Parandzem raped and murdered. Shapur also began systematically persecuting the local Christians by forcing apostasy to Mazdaism, a form of Orthodox Zoroastrianism.


legendary

, that modern scholarship interpret as a semi-legendary narrative. Stephen H. Rapp. ''Studies in medieval Georgian historiography: early texts and Eurasian contexts'', vol 601. Peeters Publishers, 2003. ISBN 90-429-1318-5, 9789042913189. P. 275. "While P’arnavaz may in fact be a fabrication, it is more feasible that over time the memory of the historical P’arnavaz accumulated a legendary facade." One such chronicle, ''Moktsevai Kartlisai'' (“ Conversion of Kartli

and conquered the area, until being defeated at the end of the 4th century BC by Prince Pharnavaz (Pharnavaz I of Iberia), at that time a local chief . The story of Alexander’s invasion of Kartli, although legendary, nevertheless reflects the establishment of Georgian monarchy in the Hellenistic period and the desire of later Georgian literati to connect this event to the celebrated conqueror. Rapp, Stephen H. (2003), ''Studies


amp

. Its population, known as the Caucasian Iberians, formed the nucleus of the Georgian people (Kartvelians), and the state, together with Colchis to its west, would form

ruler Mihdrat I (Mithridates I of Iberia) (AD 58-106) as "the friend of the Caesars" and the king "of the Roman-loving Iberians." . The next two centuries saw a continuation of Roman influence over the area, but by the reign of King Pharsman II (Pharsman II of Iberia) (116 – 132) Iberia had

Rosen, Jeffrey Jay Foxx. ''Georgia: A sovereign country of the Caucasus'' * Thomson, Robert W. ''Rewriting Caucasian History'' (1996) ISBN 0-19-826373-2 * Braund, David. ''Georgia in Antiquity: A History of Colchis and Transcaucasian Iberia, 550 BC-AD 562'' (New York: Oxford University Press, 1994) ISBN 0-19-814473-3 * Lang, David Marshall. ''The Georgians'' (London: Thames & Hudson, 1966) * Toumanoff, Cyril. ''Studies in Christian Caucasian History''. Washington D.C.: Georgetown


302

Antiquity Antiquity status Kingdom (Monarchy) status_text Vassal of the Seleucid Empire (302–159 BC) and the Roman Empire (65–63 BC, 36–32 BC, 1–117 AD) empire government_type Monarchy year_start ca. 302 BC year_end

In Medieval Georgian Historiography: Early Texts And Eurasian Contexts'', pp. 141-142. Peeters Publishers, ISBN 90-429-1318-5. Pharnavaz I and his descendants Pharnavaz, victorious in a power struggle, became the first king of Iberia (List of monarchs of Caucasian Iberia) (c. 302-c. 237 BC) . According to the later Georgian chronicles, after driving back an invasion, he subjugated the neighboring areas, including a significant part of the western


888

. A successor, Adarnase II of Tao-Klarjeti, formally a vassal of Byzantium, was crowned as the “king of Georgians” in 888 . Eastern and Western Iberians The similarity of the name with the old inhabitants of the Iberian peninsula, the 'Western' Iberians, has led to an idea

IV (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Padla I (Padla I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (881–893) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912

) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I of Kakheti


918

) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I of Kakheti

Kvirike I , Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890

–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I


958

;ndash;953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike

II of Kakheti Kvirike II , Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **''' Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia Kingdom

of Armenia ''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia''' - Gagik I (Gagik I of Armenia) (989–1020) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994


close association

(Category:Caucasian Iberia) Category:States and territories established in the 4th century BC Category:5th-century disestablishments Edward Gibbon, Volume II, Chapter XLII, discusses Iberia as one of the areas in the "Barbaric world" **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Padla I (Padla I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (881–893) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat I (890–912) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot II (914–928) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot II (914–928) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot II (914–928) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot II (914–928) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike I (Kvirike I of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (893–918) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot II (914–928) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot II (914–928) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Padla II (Padla II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (918–929) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot II (914–928) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Padla II (Padla II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (918–929) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot II (914–928) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Padla II (Padla II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (918–929) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot II (914–928) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Adarnase IV (Adarnase IV of Iberia) (888–923) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Padla II (Padla II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (918–929) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot II (914–928) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Padla II (Padla II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (918–929) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot II (914–928) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Padla II (Padla II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (918–929) *'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot II (914–928) *'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) *'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Padla II (Padla II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (918–929) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot II (914–928) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Padla II (Padla II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (918–929) **#Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Padla II (Padla II of Kakheti) (918–929) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - David II (David II of Iberia) (923–937) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia''' - Gagik I (Gagik I of Armenia) (989–1020) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - David (David of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia''' - Gagik I (Gagik I of Armenia) (989–1020) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - David (David of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia''' - Gagik I (Gagik I of Armenia) (989–1020) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - David (David of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia''' - Gagik I (Gagik I of Armenia) (989–1020) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - David (David of Kakheti) (976–1010) **# Gagik I (989–1020) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - David (David of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat II (977–989) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - David (David of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia''' - Smbat II (977–989) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - David (David of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat II (977–989) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - David (David of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat II (977–989) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - David (David of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat II (977–989) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - David (David of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia''' - Smbat II (977–989) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - David (David of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat II (977–989) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - David (David of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat II (977–989) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - David (David of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat II (977–989) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - David (David of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat II (977–989) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - David (David of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Smbat II (977–989) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - David (David of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (976–1010) **#Smbat II (977–989) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - David (David of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (976–1010) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Bagrat II (Bagrat II of Iberia) (958–994) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Ashot III (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti) (929–976) **#Ashot III, King of Armenia (953–977) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) **'''Kingdom of Armenia (Bagratuni Kingdom of Armenia)''' - Abas I (Abas I of Armenia) (928–953) **'''Kingdom of Iberia''' - Sumbat I (Sumbat I of Iberia) (937–958) **'''Principality of Kakheti (Kakheti)''' - Kvirike II (Kvirike II of Kakheti), Prince of Kakheti (List of sovereigns of Kakheti) (929–976) Initially this territory was a province of Caucasian Albania :File:Aghuank.jpg "at that time part of the Caucasian Albanian state-lay in the northeastern part of the province of Hereti" http: upload.wikimedia.org wikipedia commons 6 64 Armenia%2C_Colchis%2C_Iberia%2C_Albania%2C_Etc.jpg :File:Caucasus 300 map alt de.png , until it ended its existence and united with Kolkheti and Svania to make up Kingdom of Iberia in around 4 BC. After that, the region was a separate kingdom within Georgian cultural and political influence. There are data that support the assertion that in the fourth to fifth centuries Hereti was already a political component of Georgia; this is corroborated by surviving Georgian cultural monuments dating to the sixth to eighth centuries. The territory took part in establishing united Georgian Kingdom after it was incorporated into Georgia (Georgia (country)) in the 8th century. For ages, the territory now called Saingilo has been a historic part of Georgia. During the medieval era what later became known as Saingilo was mostly controlled by the kingdom of Georgia. King of Armenia Valens was reluctant to bestow a royal title upon Pap in order not to violate an earlier treaty signed by Jovian (Jovian (Emperor)) in July 363. Valens dispatched his ''magister peditum praesentalis '' Arintheus to Armenia just as Shapur invaded the country in pursuit of Pap who was hiding near the Roman frontier in Lazica. Meanwhile Terentius restored Sauromaces (Sauromaces II of Iberia) to the throne of Iberia (Kingdom of Iberia), but the king appointed by the Persians, Aspacures (Mihrdat III of Iberia) retained control of the eastern part of that kingdom. Instead of going after Pap, Shapur concentrated his attack on the now long besieged fortress of Artogerassa which fell in the winter of 370, the royal treasure was captured by the Persians and Pap's mother Queen Parandzem raped and murdered. Shapur also began systematically persecuting the local Christians by forcing apostasy to Mazdaism, a form of Orthodox Zoroastrianism.

Kingdom of Iberia

In Greco-Roman geography, '''Iberia''' (Greek (Ancient Greek) ) was the name for a kingdom of the Southern Caucasus, centered on present-day Eastern Georgia (Georgia (country)). Around the first centuries BC and AD the land south of the Greater Caucasus and north of the Lesser Caucasus was divided between Kolchis in the west, Caucasian Iberia in the center and Caucasian Albania in the east. To the southwest was Armenia and to the southeast Atropatene. Iberia, also known in Georgian (Georgian language) as '''Kartli''' ( Its population, known as the Caucasian Iberians, formed the nucleus of the Georgian people (Kartvelians), and the state, together with Colchis to its west, would form the nucleus of the medieval Kingdom of Georgia. Ronald Grigor Suny. ''The Making of the Georgian Nation''. Indiana University Press, p. 13 ISBN 0-253-20915-3. William Coffman McDermott, Wallace Everett Caldwell. ''Readings in the History of the Ancient World''. p. 404.

The term ''Caucasian Iberia'' is used to distinguish it from the Iberian Peninsula in Western Europe.

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