Kingdom of Dambadeniya

What is Kingdom of Dambadeniya known for?


international studies

a Resolution author R. B. Herath year 2002 publisher Trafford Publishing isbn 978-1553-697-93-0 pages 18–21 Unlike the previous invaders, he looted (Looting), ransacked, and destroyed everything in the ancient Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa Kingdoms beyond recovery. temple in formal speech) section of worship and Tenavaram's agraharam (brahmadeya or chaturvedimangalam) - the Iyer or Tamil Brahmin quarter of the heterogenous Tenavaram village as warranting protection. A close connection existed over a long period between the Iyers of the agraharam of Tenavaram and the kings who had exercised authority over the southern and southwestern lowlands. Pocaracan Pantitan of Tenavarai, who carried the honorary designation ''Tenuvaraipperumal'' before his name, wrote the ''Caracotimalai'', a treatise on astrology in metrical Tamil verse. The author recited it in the presence of the king at the court of Kurunegal in 1324. A panegyric account of the royal patron at this court, Parakramabahu IV (1302 – 1326) of Dambadeniya, is in the introductory stanzas of this work. The author's honourific title, ''Tenuvarai-Perumal'', literally means "The Prince of Tenavarai." Several other Tamil Hindus are mentioned with the special designation ''Tenuvarai Perumal'' in documents issued by the kings of the Kotte Kingdom in the 15th and 16th centuries, such as Bhuvanekabahu VII of Kotte, a Sinhala and Hindu monarch who signed all of his official proclamations in Tamil. Among the names of many Hindus listed in the Kudumirissa Inscription are included those of two individuals who had the designation Tenuvarai-p-perumal. They are Tiskhanda Tenuvarapperumal and Sarasvati Tenuvarapperumal. These "Perumals" were officiating priests of the temple and exercised authority over the administration of the town and the temple.


migration

location Peradeniya isbn 978-8170-031-48-2 quote ..His invasion in 1215 was more or less a looting expedition.. page 25 url http: books.google.com ?id VRngAAAAMAAJ&dq His priorities in ruling were to extract as much as possible from the land and overturn as many of the traditions of Rajarata as possible. His reign saw the massive migration of native Sinhalese people to the south and west of Sri Lanka, and into the mountainous interior, in a bid

and overturn as many of the traditions of Rajarata as possible. His reign saw the massive migration of native Sinhalese people to the south and west of Sri Lanka, and into the mountainous interior, in a bid to escape his power. Sri Lanka never really recovered from the impact of Kalinga Magha's invasion. King Vijayabâhu III, who led the resistance, brought the kingdom to Dambadeniya (Kingdom of Dambadeniya). The north, in the meanwhile, eventually evolved into the Jaffna kingdom.<

they came from, this is so up until the Kingdom of Dambadeniya to the Kingdom of Kandy. During the time of the Kingdom of Dambadeniya to the Kingdom of Kandy the island of Sri Lanka was under great upheaval and house or dynasty is very hard due to lack of information and sources. After the invasion of Kalinga Magha with the intent of ruling the whole island the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa was sacked which saw the massive migration of the Sinhalese to the south and west


history founding

footnote_b footnote_h footnotes today Sri Lanka The '''Kingdom of Dambadeniya''' was a medieval kingdom in what is present day Sri Lanka. It reigned from 1220–1354. History Founding The first king to choose Dambadeniya as his capital


Polonnaruwa

of the infobox. Use sparingly. -- empire government_type Monarchy event_start Fall of Polonnaruwa date_start !-- Optional: Date of establishment

after "event_end"-- date_post p1 Kingdom of Polonnaruwa flag_p1 image_p1 p2 flag_p2 p3 flag_p3 p4

image_map_caption image_map2 image_map2_alt image_map2_caption capital Dambadeniya Yapahuwa Polonnaruwa Kurunagala capital_exile latd latm latNS longd longm longEW national_motto national_anthem common_languages Sinhala


religious activities

are ''Kausilumina'', which is considered a great piece of literature. Unifying the three kingdoms that existed within Sri Lanka at that point of time is regarded as greatest achievement. King Bosath Vijayabahu, as the eldest son of King Parakramabahu the second was crowned in 1270. He was well known for his modest behaviour and for his religious activities. He was killed in the second year of his reign by a minister called Miththa. After the demise of his elder brother Vijayabahu, Bhuvanekabahu I (Bhuvanekabahu I of Sri Lanka), as the next in line to the throne, shifted the capital to Yapahuwa for reasons of security. He followed his father's footsteps as a writer and continued with the religious activities started by his brother Vijayabahu IV. Rule from Yapahuwa After the assassination of Vijayabahu IV his brother became king after a series of conflicts with several dissident generals thus became Bhuvanekabahu I. He considered Dambadeniya as insecure so he made Yapahuwa a rock fortress his permanent residence. Yapahuwa served as the capital of Sri Lanka in the latter part of the 13th century (1273–1284). Built on a huge, 90 meter high rock boulder in the style of the Sigiriya rock fortress, Yapahuwa was a palace and military stronghold against foreign invaders. The palace and fortress were built by King Buvanekabahu I (1272–1284) in the year 1273. Many traces of ancient battle defences can still be seen, while an ornamental stairway, is its biggest showpiece. On top of the rock are the remains of a stupa, a Bodhi tree enclosure, and a rock shelter cave used by Buddhist monks, indicating that earlier this site was used as a Buddhist monastery, like many boulders and hills in the area. There are several caves at the base of the rock. In one of them there is a shrine with Buddha images. One cave has a Brahmi script inscription. At the southern base of the rock there is a fortification with two moats and ramparts. In this enclosure there are the remains of a number of buildings including a Buddhist shrine. There is also a Buddhist temple called Yapawwa Rajamaha Vihara built during the Kandyan period. The Tooth Relic was brought from Dambadeniya and kept in the Tooth Temple built for the purpose at the top of the third staircase. The relics were carried away from the temple here to South India by the Pandyas, and then recovered in 1288 by Parakkramabahu III (1287–1293), who temporarily placed them in safety at Polonnaruwa. Yapahuwa was one of the ephemeral capitals of medieval Sri Lanka. The citadel of Yapahuwa lying midway between MATARA and GALLE was built around a huge granite rock rising abruptly almost a hundred meters above the surrounding lowlands. In 1272, King Bhuvenakabahu transferred the capital from Polonnaruwa to Yapahuwa in the face of Dravidian invasions from South India, bringing the Sacred Tooth Relic with him. Following the death of King Bhuvenakabahu in 1284, the Pandyans of South India invaded Sri Lanka once again, and succeeded in capturing Sacred Tooth Relic. Following its capture, Yapahuwa was largely abandoned and inhabited by Buddhist monks and religious ascetics. Culavamsa Rule from Polonnaruwa Parakramabahu III who was son of Vijayabahu III and grandson of Parakramabahu II became king in Polonnaruwa.He tried to bring back the tooth relic to island via establishing diplomatic relationships with the Pandyan Kingdom.He succeeded and housed the tooth relic in the temple of tooth in polonnaruwa. King died after reigning five years in 1303.& Rule from Kurunagala Bhuvanekabahu II son of Bhuvanekabahu I succeeded his cousin in 1303 and shifted capital to nearby Kurunagala and ruled for two years until his death in 1305. Kurunegala was the capital city of Sri Lanka from 1300-1341. It was a kingdom following kingdom of Yapahuwa (Yapahuwa). Kurunegala, capital of the Kurunegala District and the modern day province of Wayamba, was used as a royal capital for around half a century with five kings of the Sinhala dynasty reigning as monarchs. The first ruler was King Buvanekabahu II (1293–1302) the son of Buvanekabahu I of Yapahuwa and cousin to King Parakramabahu III of Polonnaruwa. He was followed not long after by the reign of his son King Parakramabahu IV (1302–1326). Parakramabahu not only translated the Buddhist Jataka tales into Sinhala, he also commissioned a number of temples to be built including the Alutnuwara Dewale in the Kegalla District. Not much is known about his successor Bhuvanaikabahu III who ruled for 9 years and the next two following rulers Vijayabâhu V and Bhuvanaikabâhu IV nor the reason why the capital was soon after moved again. But we do know that the brother of Bhuvanaikabâhu IV, King Parâkkamabâhu V began his reign under the new kingdom of Gampola (1344–1408). Kurunegala, was once known as Hasthishailya-pura and in some literature as Athugal-pura (Ethagala). It is the "city of the elephant rock" which is a literal translation and is so named because of a large elephant shaped rock decorating the landscape. Nestled in with other large rocks, folk legend relates how the rocks were all transformed animals. Once, long ago there was a severe drought and the people became alarmed when many animals began consuming the water and threatened the water supply, so a local witch helped out by turning some of them into stone. The other rocks such as monkey rock and tortoise rock, etc., were named after the different animals and today, on top of the elephant rock sits a gigantic 88&nbsp;ft tall Buddha. Kurunegala was also one of the districts in which the sacred tooth relic of the Buddha was kept and venerated. In the 13th century the city had a main citadel and today only a few remains are left of the tooth relic temple apart from a few stone steps and part of a doorway. During the time of King Parakramabahu IV (1302–1326), there was a strong religious revival and rituals concerning the relic were re-ordered in a more systematic way as recorded in the Dalada Sirita. Later on after the capital changed, the tooth relic was removed to the new capital Jayavardanapura Kotte closer to Colombo by king Virabahu but subsequent Portuguese colonial power in 1505 began to cause the deterioration of buddhist activities and fearing for the safety of the relic, it was secreted away by buddhist monks to the kingdom of Sitawaka ruled by king Mayadunne. For a time it was moved around and placed in different locations including the cave temple of Ridivihara about 13 miles from Kurunegala and in the Delgamuva Vihara in Ratnapura. It was from Ratnapura that the tooth relic was finally brought to its current resting place at the temple of the tooth, in Senkadagala (Kandy) by King Vimaladharmasuriya I (1592–1603). Though prior to all these events, the tooth relic had also been kept for a time at Polonnaruwa, Yapahuwa and Dambadeniya. Throughout the district and near by, other archaeological cities and sites can be found dating from different periods. The earlier capitals include the city of Panduvasnuwara in the north-west where visitors can see the remains of a moated palace along with buddhist monasteries dating from the 12th century, Dambadeniya to the south-west, dating from the mid-13th century, and the fortress of Yapahuwa in the north (circa 1301). King Buvanekabahu II established Kurunegala as a kingdom at around 1300 A.C. His son succeeded as king Parakramabahu IV. Rule of king Parakramabahu IV He is the greatest king of Kurunegala period. He was known as Panditha Parakramabahu II because of his services towards Buddhism, education and literature. His services and authority have been witnessed even beyond Kurunegala as far as Kandy, Kegalle, Colombo, Ratnapura, Kalutara, Galle and most of the Southern areas. He wrote a book named Dalatha Siriththa. He built the Asgiriya Viharaya in Kandy. Rule after king Parakramabahu IV Two kings named Buvanekabahu III and Vijayabahu V (Savulu Vijayabahu) ruled the kingdom. Economy and military At the time of the Polonaruwa perdiod Sri Lanka was known as the granary of the east meaning the flourishment and the export of padddy; yet belonging in the dry zone of Sri Lanka where a little amount of water could be used.Sri Lankan of those days were really wise and intelligent ready to save for the future they deserve much respect for they cared for the people by saving water in big tanks and lakes to be used during period with no rainfall.Due to this the trade during the period of Polonaruwa was highly developed in Sri Lanka.furthermore they exported ivory., gems and many other exporting valuables to earn a good income to the country. The Polonaruwa kings had to go through many wars and many drawbacks.even Parakramabahu the great had to wrestle with the other provincial leaders of SriLanka.he also had to war against queen Sugala who had the Tooth relic in her possession. thus, we could clearly understand that there was many battles in thirst and hunger for power. Culture Education Parakramabahu IV the son of Bhuvanekabahu II was a very wise and intelligent king who was also known as Panditha Parakramabahu.He was responsible for writing 'Dalada sirita'. He renamed Mahanuwara as Senkadagale,the king was also responsible in translating pali books into sinhala * 1) Sinhala bodhiwamsa * 2) Safle kidura, Da kaval Literature The Dambadeniya period is considered as the golden era of Sinhala literature. Important literary works such as Pansiya panas Jathakaya, Sinhala Thupavamsa, Dalada Siriththa, Sarajothi malai were written during the period. Several books in Sinhala, Pali & Sanskrit were written in this time. Among them are books of poetry such as Kausilumina, Muwadewdawatha, Sidath sangarawa, Buthsarana, Saddharma Rathnawaliya. The stone inscriptions in this period include keulgama mavilipitiya, Narambadde Ududumbara Lipiya, Rambukana Dewala Lipiya, Aluthnuwara Dewala Lipiya, Galapatha Viharaya Shila Lipiya. Parakramabahu II wrote two books namely Visuddi Marga Sannasa and Kavisilumina. ;Pali books * Rupasiddiya * Mahawansaya * Thupawansaya * Sawahini See also * Sri Lanka * History of Sri Lanka * List of Sri Lankan monarchs References temple in formal speech) section of worship and Tenavaram's agraharam (brahmadeya or chaturvedimangalam) - the Iyer or Tamil Brahmin quarter of the heterogenous Tenavaram village as warranting protection. A close connection existed over a long period between the Iyers of the agraharam of Tenavaram and the kings who had exercised authority over the southern and southwestern lowlands. Pocaracan Pantitan of Tenavarai, who carried the honorary designation ''Tenuvaraipperumal'' before his name, wrote the ''Caracotimalai'', a treatise on astrology in metrical Tamil verse. The author recited it in the presence of the king at the court of Kurunegal in 1324. A panegyric account of the royal patron at this court, Parakramabahu IV (1302 – 1326) of Dambadeniya, is in the introductory stanzas of this work. The author's honourific title, ''Tenuvarai-Perumal'', literally means "The Prince of Tenavarai." Several other Tamil Hindus are mentioned with the special designation ''Tenuvarai Perumal'' in documents issued by the kings of the Kotte Kingdom in the 15th and 16th centuries, such as Bhuvanekabahu VII of Kotte, a Sinhala and Hindu monarch who signed all of his official proclamations in Tamil. Among the names of many Hindus listed in the Kudumirissa Inscription are included those of two individuals who had the designation Tenuvarai-p-perumal. They are Tiskhanda Tenuvarapperumal and Sarasvati Tenuvarapperumal. These "Perumals" were officiating priests of the temple and exercised authority over the administration of the town and the temple.


literary works

bodhiwamsa * 2) Safle kidura, Da kaval Literature The Dambadeniya period is considered as the golden era of Sinhala literature. Important literary works such as Pansiya panas Jathakaya, Sinhala Thupavamsa, Dalada Siriththa, Sarajothi malai were written during the period. Several books in Sinhala, Pali & Sanskrit were written in this time. Among them are books of poetry such as Kausilumina, Muwadewdawatha, Sidath sangarawa, Buthsarana, Saddharma Rathnawaliya. The stone inscriptions in this period include keulgama mavilipitiya, Narambadde Ududumbara Lipiya, Rambukana Dewala Lipiya, Aluthnuwara Dewala Lipiya, Galapatha Viharaya Shila Lipiya. Parakramabahu II wrote two books namely Visuddi Marga Sannasa and Kavisilumina. ;Pali books * Rupasiddiya * Mahawansaya * Thupawansaya * Sawahini See also * Sri Lanka * History of Sri Lanka * List of Sri Lankan monarchs References temple in formal speech) section of worship and Tenavaram's agraharam (brahmadeya or chaturvedimangalam) - the Iyer or Tamil Brahmin quarter of the heterogenous Tenavaram village as warranting protection. A close connection existed over a long period between the Iyers of the agraharam of Tenavaram and the kings who had exercised authority over the southern and southwestern lowlands. Pocaracan Pantitan of Tenavarai, who carried the honorary designation ''Tenuvaraipperumal'' before his name, wrote the ''Caracotimalai'', a treatise on astrology in metrical Tamil verse. The author recited it in the presence of the king at the court of Kurunegal in 1324. A panegyric account of the royal patron at this court, Parakramabahu IV (1302 – 1326) of Dambadeniya, is in the introductory stanzas of this work. The author's honourific title, ''Tenuvarai-Perumal'', literally means "The Prince of Tenavarai." Several other Tamil Hindus are mentioned with the special designation ''Tenuvarai Perumal'' in documents issued by the kings of the Kotte Kingdom in the 15th and 16th centuries, such as Bhuvanekabahu VII of Kotte, a Sinhala and Hindu monarch who signed all of his official proclamations in Tamil. Among the names of many Hindus listed in the Kudumirissa Inscription are included those of two individuals who had the designation Tenuvarai-p-perumal. They are Tiskhanda Tenuvarapperumal and Sarasvati Tenuvarapperumal. These "Perumals" were officiating priests of the temple and exercised authority over the administration of the town and the temple.


translating

of SriLanka.he also had to war against queen Sugala who had the Tooth relic in her possession. thus, we could clearly understand that there was many battles in thirst and hunger for power. Culture Education Parakramabahu IV the son of Bhuvanekabahu II was a very wise and intelligent king who was also known as Panditha Parakramabahu.He was responsible for writing 'Dalada sirita'. He renamed Mahanuwara as Senkadagale,the king was also responsible in translating pali books into sinhala * 1) Sinhala


massive

location Peradeniya isbn 978-8170-031-48-2 quote ..His invasion in 1215 was more or less a looting expedition.. page 25 url http: books.google.com ?id VRngAAAAMAAJ&dq His priorities in ruling were to extract as much as possible from the land and overturn as many of the traditions of Rajarata as possible. His reign saw the massive migration of native Sinhalese people to the south and west of Sri Lanka, and into the mountainous interior, in a bid

and overturn as many of the traditions of Rajarata as possible. His reign saw the massive migration of native Sinhalese people to the south and west of Sri Lanka, and into the mountainous interior, in a bid to escape his power. Sri Lanka never really recovered from the impact of Kalinga Magha's invasion. King Vijayabâhu III, who led the resistance, brought the kingdom to Dambadeniya (Kingdom of Dambadeniya). The north, in the meanwhile, eventually evolved into the Jaffna kingdom.<

they came from, this is so up until the Kingdom of Dambadeniya to the Kingdom of Kandy. During the time of the Kingdom of Dambadeniya to the Kingdom of Kandy the island of Sri Lanka was under great upheaval and house or dynasty is very hard due to lack of information and sources. After the invasion of Kalinga Magha with the intent of ruling the whole island the Kingdom of Polonnaruwa was sacked which saw the massive migration of the Sinhalese to the south and west


122

; The Jaffna kingdom never came under the rule of any kingdom of the south except on one occasion; in 1450, following the conquest led by king Parâkramabâhu VI (Parakramabahu VI of Kotte)'s adopted son, Prince Sapumal (Bhuvanekabahu VI of Kotte). He ruled

Gnanaprakasar first Swamy title A Critical History of Jaffna publisher Asian Educational Services year 2003 location New Delhi page 122 isbn 81-206-1686-3 He ruled the North from AD 1450 to 1467. The next


quot size

after "event_end"-- date_post p1 Kingdom of Polonnaruwa flag_p1 image_p1 p2 flag_p2 p3 flag_p3 p4

flag_p4 p5 flag_p5 s1 Kingdom of Gampola flag_s1 image_s1 s2 flag_s2 s3 flag_s3 s4 flag_s4 s5

Kingdom of Dambadeniya

The '''Kingdom of Dambadeniya''' was a medieval kingdom in what is present day Sri Lanka. It reigned from 1220–1354.

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