("guided one") and began a war to unify the tribes in western and central Sudan. His followers took the name “Ansar (Ansar (Sudan))s” ("followers") which they continue to use today, in association with the single largest political grouping, the Umma Party (National Umma Party Sudan) (once led by a descendant of the Mahdi, Sadiq al Mahdi). Taking advantage of conditions resulting from Ottoman-Egyptian exploitation and maladministration, the Mahdi led a nationalist revolt culminating in the fall of Khartoum on 26 January 1885. The interim governor-general of the Sudan, the British Major-General Charles George Gordon, and many of the fifty thousand inhabitants of Khartoum were massacred. The population of metropolitan Khartoum (including Khartoum, Omdurman, and Khartoum North) is growing rapidly and ranges from six to seven million, including around two million displaced persons from the southern war zone as well as western and eastern drought-affected areas. History From 1983 to 1997, the Sudan was divided into five regions in the north and three in the south, each headed by a military governor. After the 1985 coup, regional assemblies were suspended. The RCC was abolished in 1996, and the ruling National Islamic Front changed its name to the National Congress Party. The executives, cabinets, and senior-level state officials are appointed by the president and their limited budgets are determined by and dispensed from Khartoum. The states, as a result, remain economically dependent upon the central government. Khartoum state (Khartoum (state)), comprising the capital and outlying districts, is administered by a governor. Legislative branch The country is currently in an interim (transitional) period following the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on 9 January 2005 that officially ended the civil war (Second Sudanese Civil War) between the Sudanese Government (based in Khartoum) and the southern-based Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) rebel group. The newly formed National Legislature (National Legislature of Sudan), whose members were chosen in mid-2005, has two chambers. The National Assembly (National Assembly of Sudan) (''Majlis Watani'') consists of 450 appointed members who represent the government, former rebels, and other opposition political parties. The Council of States (Council of States of Sudan) (''Majlis Welayat'') has 50 members who are indirectly elected by state legislatures. All members of the National Legislature serve six-year terms. The country’s transport facilities consist of one WikiPedia:Khartoum Commons:Category:Khartoum Dmoz:Regional Africa Sudan Localities Khartoum
and is housed in the impressive century old Palace Cathedral. The palace contains many relics and pieces related to Sudan's administrative and modern political history, from paintings of Sir Gordon Pasha to the Presidential cars of more recent rulers. *'''The Changing of the Guard''' This is a ceremony held on the first Friday of every month, where the Black guard and the White Guard of the Presidential Palace swap over. The Ceremony is performed near the South Gate of the Palace
of Sudan , the first specialized university for ICT (Information and communication technologies) inter-related studies in Sudan, founded by Dr. Abubaker Mustafa. *National College for Medical & Technical Studies, *National Ribat University, *University of Medical Sciences and Technology, better known as UMST, it was founded in 1996 by Prof. Mamoun Humaida as Academy of Medical Science & Technology. Transportation Air Khartoum is home to the largest airport
north of modern Khartoum, Sudan, west of Kadabas, and south of the Nubian Desert, together making up part of the Sahara's eastern flank http: www.volcano.si.edu world volcano.cfm?vnum 0205-06- . It is located at WikiPedia:Khartoum Commons:Category:Khartoum Dmoz:Regional Africa Sudan Localities Khartoum
moved to Khartoum to attend the Khartoum Commercial Secondary School. His musical interest evolved to oud (lute), which he learnt by himself. British soldiers fought in scarlet tunics for the last time at the Battle of Gennis in the Sudan on 30 December 1885. They formed part of an expeditionary force sent from Britain to participate in the Nile Campaign of 1884-85, wearing the "home service uniform" of the period including scarlet tunics, although some regiments sent from India were in khaki drill. A small detachment of infantry which reached Khartoum by steamer on 28 January 1885 were ordered to fight in their red coats in order to let the Mahdist rebels know that the "real" British forces had arrived. Haythornthwaite, Philip J. (1995) ''The Colonial Wars Sourcebook'', London: Arms and Armour Press, ISBN 1854091964, p. 35 * 1865 - American Civil War: The Confederate States of America reluctantly agrees to the use of African American troops. * 1884 - The siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins (ends on January 26, 1885). * 1900 - Boer War (Second Boer War): British (United Kingdom) forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State. Sheila Musaji is an active voice in the Islamic and interfaith communities, and involves herself with a large number of organizations, projects, and events. In the past she has been one of the American delegates to the second annual International Muslim Women's Conference in Khartoum, Sudan; the first Muslim Baccalaureate speaker at Amherst College, Massachusetts; the coordinator of the First North American Muslim Pow Wow in Abiquiu, New Mexico; and a participant in the Parliament for the World's Religions in Chicago. WikiPedia:Khartoum Commons:Category:Khartoum Dmoz:Regional Africa Sudan Localities Khartoum
food and very affordable. The restaurant is on two floors (there is a pleasant internet cafe on the 3rd floor), upstairs is more lively with Ethiopian pop on the plasma screen. About 25SP each for a big meal and coffee. A good choice if you are looking for somewhere with music playing and a bit of atmosphere. 15°33'41.47"N, 32°33'45.27"E *'''Salt n Peeper'''. Buri area, north end of Obeid Khatim Street - Next to Buri family park. +249 918678748. Only Pakistani restaurant in Sudan. Speciality in Pakistani spicy tasty dishes. Bahri *'''Asian Biryani Restaurant'''. Khartoum North - As the name suggests this place specialises in Biryanis - and very tasty they are too. More of a cafe than a restaurant this is a good choice for lunch rather than a slap-up dinner. Lamb Biryani and a some salad for 8SP. The restaurant, and the supermarket next door, sells excellent mango juice for 1SP a bottle (Maaza). Easy to get to, head over the Burri Bridge, take the first right, and its on your left. GPS 15°37'25.35"N, 32°33'25.69"E Downtown *'''Papa Costa'''. Located in the center of Khartoum, and reasonably priced. Service charges are minimal, food is reasonably good, but service level is so-so. You can choose food from steak to pasta. They charge 3% service charge and 10% government tax. Omdurman *'''Kandahar, souq Libya''' Eating at Kandahar in souq Libya is probably the most unique and authentic culinary experience in khartoum. The format there is rather different firstly you choose the meat that you want cooked usually a choice between camel meat and lamb, you then hand over the meat you have chosen to be cooked and prepared as part of a meal. Kandahar is one of the few places in khartoum where you can find camel meat. It is located in Souq Libya in the peripheries of Omdurman. Drink thumb 300px Sunset in Khartoum. (File:Khartoum and the Nile.jpg) It's best to prepare yourself to be alcohol-free for your stay: there are places serving 'special tea' dotted around and non-alcoholic beers are available, but in general it's more hassle than it's worth to track down alcohol during a short visit. For long-termers, however, the market does exist - via diplomatic bags and other routes... apparently. Sleep Note that a 5% tourism tax and 15% VAT may well be added to your bill - Khartoum's hotels are inconsistent in telling you about these taxes in advance, and (especially for cheaper hotels) inconsistent in paying this money to the tax authorities. Remember to ask if there are any hidden extras before booking. Budget *'''Blue Nile Sailing Club'''. An alternative to Khartoum's hotels, on the river's southern bank just east of the confluence, the club often accommodates overlanders and accommodates tent camping on its grounds. The club is fenced, monitored, inexpensive and offers expansive river views. It is also home to a river gunboat that once belonged to Horatio Kitchener and now houses the club's offices. *'''Hotel Africa'''. A cheap and not-so-cheerful hotel for those on a budget. No hot water, dubious cleanliness but only $40 per night. Africa Road - the Korean Restaurant is attached. (GPS Google Earth co-ordinates 15°34'32.92"N, 32°33'1.01"E) *'''Khartoum Youth Hostel'''. House no 66 Street 47, Khartoum 2, +249 183480385 or 0912500322 (mobile) Opened in 2007 and part of Hostelling International this is the best option for non-camping travellers on a budget. Beds from 35SDG (March 2012). Mid range * WikiPedia:Khartoum Commons:Category:Khartoum Dmoz:Regional Africa Sudan Localities Khartoum
''' (Arabic: شندي) is a town in northern Sudan, situated on the east bank of the Nile 150 km northeast of Khartoum. Shandi is also about 45 km southwest of the ancient city of Meroe. Located in the River Nile (River Nile (state)) wilayah, Shandi is the center of the Ja'aliin tribe and an important historic trading center. Its principal suburb on the west bank is Al-Matamma. A major traditional trade route across the Bayuda desert connects Al-Matamma
was the offering of financial subsidies to Egypt, Jordan, and Syria by Libya, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. The conclusion of the summit resulted in what became known as the "three nos (Khartoum Resolution)": no peace, no negotiation, and no recognition of Israel. Although they were still privately working against each other, Nasser and Faisal publicly rode through the streets of Khartoum in an open-top car with their hands clasped in a show of unity to please the crowds. WikiPedia:Khartoum Commons:Category:Khartoum Dmoz:Regional Africa Sudan Localities Khartoum
Universities Public universities in Khartoum are: *Al-Neelain University, *Al Zaiem Alazhari University, *Bahri University, formally Juba University before the separation and Juba University returned to the South. *Omdurman Islamic University, * International University
, Riyadh'' Most of the region is a semi-arid (Semi-arid climate) plain and thus insufficient for supporting a large and complex civilization. While the Marrah Mountains offer plentiful water, the Daju people created the first known Darfurian civilization based in the mountains, though they left no records beside a list of kings. The Tunjur displaced the Daju in the fourteenth century and introduced Islam. The Tunjur sultans intermarried with the Fur people Fur
thumb Satellite view of Khartoum (File:Khartoum, Sudan.JPG) thumb right Khartoum with White and Blue Niles (File:whiteandblueniles.jpg)
'''Khartoum''' ( '', literally "the hose (wikt:hose)". is the capital and second largest city of the Republic of Sudan (Sudan) and of the Sudanese state of Khartoum (Khartoum (state)). It is located at the confluence of the White Nile, flowing north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, flowing west from Ethiopia. The location where the two Niles meet is known as the "''al-Mogran''", meaning the Confluence. The main Nile continues to flow north towards Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea.
Divided by the Niles, Khartoum is a tripartite metropolis with an estimated overall population of over five million people, consisting of Khartoum proper, '') to the west.