-Johnston Car Company Ltd. In 1905 the company's name was changed to the Arrol-Johnston Car Company Ltd. In the same year, the company introduced a 3023cc ''12 15hp (Horsepower)'' model of more modern appearance; this, however, still used an opposed-piston engine. There was also a three-cylinder version of the dogcart; this was an uncouth 16 hp with the centre cylinder being of greater bore than the outer two. A 1905 Dogcart with solid wooden disc wheels still survives
("guided one") and began a war to unify the tribes in western and central Sudan. His followers took the name “Ansar (Ansar (Sudan))s” ("followers") which they continue to use today, in association with the single largest political grouping, the Umma Party (National Umma Party Sudan) (once led by a descendant of the Mahdi, Sadiq al Mahdi). Taking advantage of conditions resulting from Ottoman-Egyptian exploitation and maladministration, the Mahdi led a nationalist revolt culminating in the fall of Khartoum on 26 January 1885. The interim governor-general of the Sudan, the British Major-General Charles George Gordon, and many of the fifty thousand inhabitants of Khartoum were massacred. The population of metropolitan Khartoum (including Khartoum, Omdurman, and Khartoum North) is growing rapidly and ranges from six to seven million, including around two million displaced persons from the southern war zone as well as western and eastern drought-affected areas. History From 1983 to 1997, the Sudan was divided into five regions in the north and three in the south, each headed by a military governor. After the 1985 coup, regional assemblies were suspended. The RCC was abolished in 1996, and the ruling National Islamic Front changed its name to the National Congress Party. The executives, cabinets, and senior-level state officials are appointed by the president and their limited budgets are determined by and dispensed from Khartoum. The states, as a result, remain economically dependent upon the central government. Khartoum state (Khartoum (state)), comprising the capital and outlying districts, is administered by a governor. Legislative branch The country is currently in an interim (transitional) period following the signing of a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) on 9 January 2005 that officially ended the civil war (Second Sudanese Civil War) between the Sudanese Government (based in Khartoum) and the southern-based Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) rebel group. The newly formed National Legislature (National Legislature of Sudan), whose members were chosen in mid-2005, has two chambers. The National Assembly (National Assembly of Sudan) (''Majlis Watani'') consists of 450 appointed members who represent the government, former rebels, and other opposition political parties. The Council of States (Council of States of Sudan) (''Majlis Welayat'') has 50 members who are indirectly elected by state legislatures. All members of the National Legislature serve six-year terms. The country’s transport facilities consist of one WikiPedia:Khartoum Commons:Category:Khartoum Dmoz:Regional Africa Sudan Localities Khartoum
) and the southern-based Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) rebel group. The newly formed National Legislature (National Legislature of Sudan), whose members were chosen in mid-2005, has two chambers. The National Assembly (National Assembly of Sudan) (''Majlis Watani'') consists of 450 appointed members who represent the government, former rebels, and other opposition political parties. The Council of States (Council of States of Sudan) (''Majlis Welayat'') has 50 members who are indirectly elected by state legislatures. All members of the National Legislature serve six-year terms. The country’s transport facilities consist of one WikiPedia:Khartoum Commons:Category:Khartoum Dmoz:Regional Africa Sudan Localities Khartoum
represent the government, former rebels, and other opposition political parties. The National Assembly is an appointed parliament and replaced the latest elected parliament. As the military position of the CSM continued to decline in 1977, Malloum's political overtures to the rebel groups and leaders became increasingly flexible. In September Malloum and Habré met in Khartoum to begin negotiations on a formal alliance. Their efforts culminated in a carefully drafted agreement, the Fundamental Charter, which formed the basis of the National Union Government of August 1978. Malloum was named president (Head of state) of the new government, while Habré, as prime minister, became the first significant insurgent (insurgency) figure to hold an executive position in a postcolonial government. In 1997 Plantu opened a gallery in Khartoum, Sudan. In Budapest, the president of the Hungary (Hungarian Republic), Árpád Göncz, inaugurated an exhibit of Plantu and Gabor Papai. He also opened a new gallery opens at the French Arts centre of Mexico City. Finally, a collection of his work was exhibited at CRAC in Valence (Valence, Drôme), France. African Union (AU) *The AU met in Khartoum on January 23 and January 24, 2006. It decided against the extradition of former Chadian president Hissène Habré to Belgium and announced the formation of a commission to find an African judiciary to try (Trial (law)) him. Denis Sassou Nguesso, President (Heads of state of the Republic of the Congo) of the Republic of the Congo, became the Chairperson of the African Union's Assembly of Heads of State. The chair was originally supposed to return to Sudan, but at the request of several AU members, President (List of Presidents of Sudan) of Sudan Omar al-Bashir decided to relinquish his position in view of the AU's participation in the resolution of the Darfur conflict. Members agreed that his chairmanship would affect the credibility of the AU. * The confluence at Lokoja, Nigeria, where the Niger (Niger River) and Benue (Benue River) rivers merge. * The Sudanese capital of Khartoum, located at the confluence of the White Nile and the Blue Nile. This merging point is the beginning of the Nile. * Columbus, Ohio in the United States is located at the confluence of the Scioto (Scioto River) and Olentangy (Olentangy River) rivers. On 1 December 2007 Baroness Warsi travelled to Khartoum, with the Labour peer Lord Ahmed (Nazir Ahmed, Baron Ahmed), to mediate in the Sudanese teddy bear blasphemy case: a British citizen teaching at Unity High School (Unity High School (Sudan)) had been prosecuted and jailed for insulting Islam (Islam and blasphemy), after allowing her class to name a teddy bear Mohammed. Although the peers' meeting with the Sudanese President (president of Sudan) Omar al-Bashir did not lead directly to Gillian Gibbons being pardoned, it is acknowledged that, along with the enormous efforts made by her family, friends, and others, it may have been an indirect and helpful contribution to her release. Teacher speaks of Sudan 'ordeal' - BBC News - 4 December 2007 Tory peer's triumph delights Cameron - ''The Guardian'' - 4 December 2007 On January 19, 2006, Abdelwahid was arrested, along with nineteen other rebels, after participating in an interview to Radio France Internationale in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum, in which he stated that "FUC's relations with the Sudanese government are friendly - very close", and argued that this was in line with the tradition under which successive Chadian rebellions had seized power with some degree of support from Khartoum. WikiPedia:Khartoum Commons:Category:Khartoum Dmoz:Regional Africa Sudan Localities Khartoum
was created '''Baron Kitchener''', of Khartoum and of Aspall in the County of Suffolk (Aspall, Suffolk), on 31 October 1898 as a victory title commemorating his successes, and began a programme of restoring good governance to the Sudan. The programme had a strong foundation, based on education at Gordon Memorial College as its centrepiece—and not simply
with a dictator in Sudan", arguing that: President Omar al-Bashir has been indicted by the International Criminal Court for genocide, is escalating bombing and food aid obstruction in Darfur, and he now threatens the entire north-south peace process ... the evidence shows that incentives alone are insufficient to change Khartoum's calculations. International support should be sought immediately for denying debt relief, expanding the ICC indictments, diplomatically isolating the regime, suspending all non-humanitarian aid, obstructing state-controlled bank transactions and freezing accounts holding oil wealth diverted by senior regime officials. WikiPedia:Khartoum Commons:Category:Khartoum Dmoz:Regional Africa Sudan Localities Khartoum
of Egypt Middle Kingdom royal Theban style, Edna R. Russman et al. ''Eternal Egypt: Masterworks of Ancient Art from the British Museum,'' pp. 210–211. and stelae (stele) from this period were once more of the same quality. This reflects a possibly natural conservative tendency to revive fashions from the pre-Hyksos era. Despite this, only three positively identified statuary images of Ahmose I survive: a single shabti kept at the British Museum, presumably from his tomb (which has never been positively located), and two life-size statues; one of which resides in the New York Metropolitan Museum, the other in the Khartoum Museum. Edna R. Russman et al. ''Eternal Egypt: Masterworks of Ancient Art from the British Museum.'' p. 210–211. All display slightly bulging eyes, a feature also present on selected stelae depicting the pharaoh. Based on style, a small limestone sphinx that resides at the National Museum of Scotland, Edinburgh, has also been tentatively identified as representing Ahmose I. Russman, Edna A. "Art in Transition: The Rise of the Eighteenth Dynasty and the Emergence of the Thutmoside Style in Sculpture and Relief", Hatshepsut: From Queen to Pharaoh . p.24–25. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. 2005. ISBN 1-58839-173-6 '''Omdurman''' (Standard Arabic '''Umm Durmān''' أم درمان) is the second largest city in Sudan and Khartoum State (Khartoum (state)), lying on the western banks of the River Nile, opposite the capital, Khartoum. Omdurman has a population of 2,395,159 (2008) and is the national centre of commerce. With Khartoum and Khartoum North or Bahri, it forms the cultural and industrial heart of the nation. * 9 June 1958: Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom) flew into the new airport in a de Havilland Heron of the Queen's Flight (Air transport of the Royal Family and government of the United Kingdom) to perform the opening. The first "official" flight to depart Gatwick following the reopening ceremony was a BEA DC-3 (Douglas DC-3) operating a charter (charter flight) for Surrey County Council (Surrey) to Jersey and Guernsey. Gatwick was the world's first airport with a direct railway link and the first to combine mainline rail travel, trunk road facilities and an air terminal building in one unit. It was also one of the first to have an enclosed pier-based terminal, which allowed passengers to walk under cover to waiting areas close to aircraft with only a short walk outdoors. Another novel feature of Gatwick's new air terminal was its modular design. This permitted subsequent, phased expansion. * 1958 59: BEA started using Gatwick. Sudan Airways and BWIA West Indies Airways were among Gatwick's first scheduled overseas airlines. The former's ''Blue Nile'' services were the first scheduled flights from Gatwick by a foreign airline. launched on 8 June 1959 These services operated between Khartoum and London Gatwick via Cairo, Athens and Rome, initially using Airwork (Airwork Services) Vickers Viscount aircraft. British United Airways (BUA) assumed this operation the following year, as a result of the Airwork – Hunting-Clan (Hunting-Clan Air Transport) merger. (BUA were also acting as Sudan Airways's technical advisers.) WikiPedia:Khartoum Commons:Category:Khartoum Dmoz:Regional Africa Sudan Localities Khartoum
taxes). Air-Conditioned rooms with direct dial telephone and big balconies. Acropole Hotel offers an international cuisine with Greek and Italian Specialities. * WikiPedia:Khartoum Commons:Category:Khartoum Dmoz:Regional Africa Sudan Localities Khartoum
, the town of Kassala, and Port Sudan. Renowned for their prestigious history and their unique and ancient culture, Nubians have the highest degree of literacy and assumed control of vital governmental offices throughout the history of the Sudan. Despite their knowledge of Arabic and their devotion to Islam, Nubians retained a considerable self-consciousness and tended to maintain tightly knit communities of their own in the towns. He attended two meetings from August 11–20 in 1988, along
in Khartoum. The Air carrier carrier
thumb Satellite view of Khartoum (File:Khartoum, Sudan.JPG) thumb right Khartoum with White and Blue Niles (File:whiteandblueniles.jpg)
'''Khartoum''' ( '', literally "the hose (wikt:hose)". is the capital and second largest city of the Republic of Sudan (Sudan) and of the Sudanese state of Khartoum (Khartoum (state)). It is located at the confluence of the White Nile, flowing north from Lake Victoria, and the Blue Nile, flowing west from Ethiopia. The location where the two Niles meet is known as the "''al-Mogran''", meaning the Confluence. The main Nile continues to flow north towards Egypt and the Mediterranean Sea.
Divided by the Niles, Khartoum is a tripartite metropolis with an estimated overall population of over five million people, consisting of Khartoum proper, '') to the west.