Kashan

What is Kashan known for?


title science

as the cobalt blue pigment in the decoration of pottery. It is possible that the cobalt ore was also exported to China. . In 1301 Abū'l-Qāsim, who came from a family of tilemakers based in Kashan, wrote a treatise


special ties

. They often have very symmetrical and balanced designs. They usually have a single medallion that is surrounded with vines and palmettos. One of the main quality characteristics of Tabriz rug (Carpet)s is the weaving style, using special ties that guarantee the durability of the rug in comparison for example with Kashan rug (Carpet)s. The city of Esfahan is the provincial capital; and the counties of this province are as follows: Aran va Bidgol, Ardestan, Esfahan (city) Esfahan


numerous historical/

such as Isfahan and Shiraz, Kashan is a common destination for foreign tourists due to numerous historical places. Get in A highway connects Kashan to Tehran via Qom. Kashan it is just 2.5 hours from Tehran. Get around See thumbnail Fin garden (File:Finn bagh kashan 2013-1.jpg) '''Agha Bozorg Mosque''' is a historical mosque in Kāshān, Iran. The mosque was built in the late 18th century by master-mimar Ustad Haj Sa'ban-ali, the mosque and theological school


traditional

settlement_type City image_skyline Tabatabaei2.jpg imagesize 300px image_caption Tabatabaei House (Khaneh Tabatabaei ha), early 1800s, Kashan. A fine example of traditional Persian architecture. image_flag image_seal image_map map_caption pushpin_map Iran pushpin_label_position bottom pushpin_mapsize 300

House '' has become a famous landmark and sample of Persian traditional residential architecture. '''Kashan''' ( is a city in and the capital of Kashan County, in the province (Provinces of Iran) of Isfahan (Isfahan province), Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 248,789, in 67,464 families. ref>

*Kashan rug *List of the historical structures in the Isfahan province *Sialk - Kashan's ancient architecture. *Traditional Persian residential architecture References Category:Populated places in Kashan County Category:Cities in Iran Category:Cities in Isfahan Province Category:Iranian


large traditional

, 2007. Link: Chnpress.com

عباسیان) is a large traditional historical house built during the late 18th century, the house is a beautiful example of Kashani residential architecture. It is said to have been the property of a famous cleric. It has six courtyards that would fit the needs of different families. One of the chambers has a ceiling designed with mirror pieces so as to give the impression of a starry sky under the nocturnal glitter of candlelight. The house is now a public museum. '''Tabatabaie Residence''' A large


beautiful historical

Persian-Khwarezmian dynastic architectural style, consisted of a courtyard, porch and conical dome decorated with turquoise coloured tiles, and painted ceilings. '''Fin Garden''' is one of the most beautiful historical gardens of the middle-east and the world. It contains Kashan's Fin Bath, where Amir-Kabir a famous vizier of Qajarid was murdered by the King Nasereddin Shah. The garden covers 2.3 hectares with a main yard surrounded by ramparts with four circular towers. In keeping with many of the Persian gardens of this era, the Fin Garden employs a great many water features. It's one of nine world heritage Persian Gardens. '''Sialk Ziggurat''', is claimed to be the world's oldest ziggurat, dating to the 3rd millennium BC, tucked away in the suburbs of the city. '''Ghal'eh jalali''' '''Kashan Bazaar''' the bazaar with fantastic its mudbrick architecture is one of the jewels of the city. Pay a small amount to one of the touts hanging around the bazaar and you will be led to the roof of the bazaar, where you can get an idea of the technical marvel of building such large structures from mudbricks and have a wonderful view over the old city. '''Timcheh Amin-o-dowleh''' Do * Go shopping in traditional bazaar. * Visit beautiful rose gardens in the suburbs of the city and see how traditional methods for rose water production works during spring season. Buy Carpet and rose water are the two world known products of the city. Traditional cookies. Pomegranate. Eat Goosht-e-loobia, Gheymerize koolooche ye Kashan (khoshk dry) Drink dugh (salt lassy ) Sleep *'''Eshan House''' -The most atmospheric place to stay is Eshan House across the road from one of the mosques, off Fazele Naraji street (walking on the right side of the street from Kamal-ol-Mol square, you cannot miss the "Eshan" sign). It is a really nice traditional house converted into a hotel, with a beautiful courtyard and free Wifi and breakfast. Standard price is 300,000 rials for a room which can sleep three people, but it is very possible to bargain. (Dec 2010: Dutch traveller paid 150,000 for 1 person). They have both traditional rooms where you sleep on the floor and rooms with bed. It is highly recommended to get a traditional room. Also ask one of the friendly staff to order traditional Iranian food. *'''Golestan Hostel''' -Negative reviews from many travellers. Not clean and not a nice place for women travellers. *'''Amir Kabir Hotel''' * WikiPedia:Kashan Commons:Category:Kashan


religious history

; thumb left 250px Imam Reza shrine (File:Imam reza shrine in Mashhad.jpg), the greatest religious site in Iran, which was built in 9th century and the pilgrimage site for all Muslims since then. The domination of the Sunni creed during the first nine Islamic centuries characterized the religious history of Iran during this period. There were however some exceptions to this general domination which emerged in the form of the Zaydīs (Zaidiyyah) of Tabaristan, the Buwayhid


historical interest

The etymology of the city name comes from Kasian, the original inhabitants of the city, whose remains are found at Tapeh Sialk dating back 9,000 years; later this changed to Kashian, hence the town name. Between the 12th and the 14th centuries Kashan was an important centre for the production of high quality pottery and tiles. In modern Persian (Persian language), the word for a tile (''kashi'') comes from the name of the town. History Archeological discoveries in the Sialk Hillocks which lie 4 km west of Kashan reveal that this region was one of the primary centers of civilization in pre-historic ages. Hence Kashan dates back to the Elamite (Elamite Empire) period of Iran. The Sialk ziggurat still stands today in the suburbs of Kashan after 7,000 years. The artifacts uncovered at Sialk reside in the Louvre in Paris and the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, and Iran's National Museum (National Museum of Iran). By some accounts although not all Kashan was the origin of the three wise men who followed the star that guided them to Bethlehem to witness the nativity of Jesus, as recounted in the Bible. Elgood, Cyril. ''A Medical History of Persia and the Eastern Caliphate: From the Earliest Times Until the Year A.D. 1932.'' Cambridge Library Collection - History of Medicine. Cambridge University Press, 2010. ISBN 1108015883 p. 34 Whatever the historical validity of this story, the attribution of Kashan as their original home testifies to the city's prestige at the time the story was set down. Abu-Lu'lu'ah Pirouz Nahāvandi, the Persian (Persian people) soldier who was enslaved (Ma malakat aymanukum) by the Islamic conquerors and eventually assassinated the caliph Umar al-Khattab in AH 23 (643 4 CE), reportedly fled to Kashan after the assassination and lived there some years before being finally caught and executed. His tomb is one of Kashan's conspicuous landmarks (see gallery below). Sultan Malik Shah I of the Seljuk dynasty (Seljuk Turks) ordered the building of a fortress in the middle of Kashan in the 11th century. The fortress walls, called ''Ghal'eh Jalali'' still stand today in central Kashan. Kashan was also a leisure vacation spot for Safavi (Safavid dynasty) King (Monarch)s. ''Bagh-e Fin'' (Fin Garden), specifically, is one of the most famous gardens of Iran. This beautiful garden with its pool and orchards was designed for Shah Abbas I as a classical Persian (Persian literature) vision of paradise. The original Safavid buildings have been substantially replaced and rebuilt by the Qajar dynasty although the layout of trees and marble basins is close to the original. The garden itself however, was first founded 7000 years ago alongside the ''Cheshmeh-ye-Soleiman''. The garden is also notorious as the site of the murder of Mirza Taghi Khan known as Amir Kabir, chancellor of Nasser-al-Din Shah, Iran's King in 1852. thumb House of Borujerdis. 1870s. (File:Kashan-borujerdis house.jpg) The earthquake of 1778 leveled the city of Kashan and all the edifices of Shah Abbas Safavi, leaving 8000 casualties. But the city started afresh and has today become a focal tourist attraction via the numerous large houses from the 18th and 19th centuries, illustrating the finest examples of Qajari (Qajar dynasty) aesthetics. Today Although there are many sites in Kashan of potential interest to tourists, the city remains largely undeveloped in this sector, with fewer than a thousand foreign tourists per year. Qamsar and Abyaneh are notable towns around Kashan, which attract tourists all year around. The nearby town of Niasar features a man-made cave and fireplace of historical interest. Kashan is internationally famous for manufacturing carpets, silk and other textiles. Kashan today houses most of Iran's mechanized carpet-weaving factories, and has an active marble and copper mining industry. Kashan and suburbs have a population of 400,000. Ghaleh Jalali is not located in the centre of kashan as the text indicates. It is located on the edge of souther margin of the old wall of the city. As a matter of fact the southern part of the wall and the Ghaleh ( the citadel ) join up and forms just one piece. Out of wall areas used to be simply irrigated farm lands, but today is sporadically residential. Main sights Kashan's architectural sights include: * Agha Bozorg Mosque (Agha Bozorg Mosque, Kashan) * Āmeri House * Boroujerdi House (Borujerdis House) * Jalali castle * Tabātabāei House (Tabatabaei House) * Abbāsi House (Abbasian House) * Attarha House * Al-e Yaseen House * Sultan Amir shrine and bath (Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse) * ''40 Dokhtaran'' Fortress * Pirouz Nahavandi


louvre

discoveries in the Sialk Hillocks which lie 4 km west of Kashan reveal that this region was one of the primary centers of civilization in pre-historic ages. Hence Kashan dates back to the Elamite (Elamite Empire) period of Iran. The Sialk ziggurat still stands today in the suburbs of Kashan after 7,000 years. The artifacts uncovered at Sialk reside in the Louvre in Paris and the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, and National Museum of Iran Iran's


teaching efforts

, and Bukhara. During his time in Ashgabat, Haji Muhammad Rida Isfahani, a prominent Bahá'í was assassinated; Abu'l-Fadl acted as the spokesman on behalf of the Bahá'í at the trial of the murders, and helped establish the independence of the Bahá'í Faith from Islam for the Russian government. In Samarkand, his teaching efforts allowed for the conversion of the first Afghan (Afghanistan) Bahá'í, Dr. `Ata'u'llah Khan. Later, Asfar took advantage of a rebellion in the Samanid army and seized power in Gurgan (presently called Golestan (Golestan Province)) in northern Iran. Asfar also took Amol, Ghazvin, Zanjan, and the city of Rey (Rey, Iran) and appointed Mardavij as the governor of Zanjan. In 927, due to Asfar's increasingly erratic behavior, a powerful opposition emerged against him and the next year Mardavij joined this opposition, defeated Asfar, and took over Asfar's possessions. At this time, Mardavij officially founded the Ziyarid dynasty. Shortly after, Mardavij raised an army to encounter the Abbasid Caliph first in Hamadan and Kashan, and finally in Isfahan (Isfahan (city)). * Sialk ziggurat near Kashan, Iran (3200BCE) * Ġgantija - megalithic temple complex on the island of Gozo (part of Malta, c.3600–2500 BCE) WikiPedia:Kashan Commons:Category:Kashan

Kashan

right thumb 240px Amin-o-Dowleh, Persian Royal envoy to the court of Napoleon III (Image:Napoleon-Kashan.jpg). thumb 250px Timcheh-e Amin o Dowleh, Kashan Bazaar (Image:Teemcheh.jpg) (19th century). Persian architects used these structures to naturally decrease temperatures, regulate sunlight, and ventilate the interior spaces during the daytime. right thumb 250px The rug of Kashan. (Image:Kashan rug.jpg)

thumb 250px The Agha Bozorg Mosque (Image:Aghabozorg kashan.jpg) and its "sunken" courtyard (18th century) thumb 250px Tomb of Pirouz Nahavandi (Image:Abu lulu tomb.jpg) is not far from Fin Garden. thumb 250px The ''Borujerdi ha House (Image:Sagfh borujerdi ha.jpg)'' has become a famous landmark and sample of Persian traditional residential architecture.

'''Kashan''' (

The etymology of the city name comes from Kasian, the original inhabitants of the city, whose remains are found at Tapeh Sialk dating back 9,000 years; later this changed to Kashian, hence the town name. Between the 12th and the 14th centuries Kashan was an important centre for the production of high quality pottery and tiles. In modern Persian (Persian language), the word for a tile (''kashi'') comes from the name of the town.

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