Kashan

What is Kashan known for?


historical interest

The etymology of the city name comes from Kasian, the original inhabitants of the city, whose remains are found at Tapeh Sialk dating back 9,000 years; later this changed to Kashian, hence the town name. Between the 12th and the 14th centuries Kashan was an important centre for the production of high quality pottery and tiles. In modern Persian (Persian language), the word for a tile (''kashi'') comes from the name of the town. History Archeological discoveries in the Sialk Hillocks which lie 4 km west of Kashan reveal that this region was one of the primary centers of civilization in pre-historic ages. Hence Kashan dates back to the Elamite (Elamite Empire) period of Iran. The Sialk ziggurat still stands today in the suburbs of Kashan after 7,000 years. The artifacts uncovered at Sialk reside in the Louvre in Paris and the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, and Iran's National Museum (National Museum of Iran). By some accounts although not all Kashan was the origin of the three wise men who followed the star that guided them to Bethlehem to witness the nativity of Jesus, as recounted in the Bible. Elgood, Cyril. ''A Medical History of Persia and the Eastern Caliphate: From the Earliest Times Until the Year A.D. 1932.'' Cambridge Library Collection - History of Medicine. Cambridge University Press, 2010. ISBN 1108015883 p. 34 Whatever the historical validity of this story, the attribution of Kashan as their original home testifies to the city's prestige at the time the story was set down. Abu-Lu'lu'ah Pirouz Nahāvandi, the Persian (Persian people) soldier who was enslaved (Ma malakat aymanukum) by the Islamic conquerors and eventually assassinated the caliph Umar al-Khattab in AH 23 (643 4 CE), reportedly fled to Kashan after the assassination and lived there some years before being finally caught and executed. His tomb is one of Kashan's conspicuous landmarks (see gallery below). Sultan Malik Shah I of the Seljuk dynasty (Seljuk Turks) ordered the building of a fortress in the middle of Kashan in the 11th century. The fortress walls, called ''Ghal'eh Jalali'' still stand today in central Kashan. Kashan was also a leisure vacation spot for Safavi (Safavid dynasty) King (Monarch)s. ''Bagh-e Fin'' (Fin Garden), specifically, is one of the most famous gardens of Iran. This beautiful garden with its pool and orchards was designed for Shah Abbas I as a classical Persian (Persian literature) vision of paradise. The original Safavid buildings have been substantially replaced and rebuilt by the Qajar dynasty although the layout of trees and marble basins is close to the original. The garden itself however, was first founded 7000 years ago alongside the ''Cheshmeh-ye-Soleiman''. The garden is also notorious as the site of the murder of Mirza Taghi Khan known as Amir Kabir, chancellor of Nasser-al-Din Shah, Iran's King in 1852. thumb House of Borujerdis. 1870s. (File:Kashan-borujerdis house.jpg) The earthquake of 1778 leveled the city of Kashan and all the edifices of Shah Abbas Safavi, leaving 8000 casualties. But the city started afresh and has today become a focal tourist attraction via the numerous large houses from the 18th and 19th centuries, illustrating the finest examples of Qajari (Qajar dynasty) aesthetics. Today Although there are many sites in Kashan of potential interest to tourists, the city remains largely undeveloped in this sector, with fewer than a thousand foreign tourists per year. Qamsar and Abyaneh are notable towns around Kashan, which attract tourists all year around. The nearby town of Niasar features a man-made cave and fireplace of historical interest. Kashan is internationally famous for manufacturing carpets, silk and other textiles. Kashan today houses most of Iran's mechanized carpet-weaving factories, and has an active marble and copper mining industry. Kashan and suburbs have a population of 400,000. Ghaleh Jalali is not located in the centre of kashan as the text indicates. It is located on the edge of souther margin of the old wall of the city. As a matter of fact the southern part of the wall and the Ghaleh ( the citadel ) join up and forms just one piece. Out of wall areas used to be simply irrigated farm lands, but today is sporadically residential. Main sights Kashan's architectural sights include: * Agha Bozorg Mosque (Agha Bozorg Mosque, Kashan) * Āmeri House * Boroujerdi House (Borujerdis House) * Jalali castle * Tabātabāei House (Tabatabaei House) * Abbāsi House (Abbasian House) * Attarha House * Al-e Yaseen House * Sultan Amir shrine and bath (Sultan Amir Ahmad Bathhouse) * ''40 Dokhtaran'' Fortress * Pirouz Nahavandi


collection history

National Museum . By some accounts although not all Kashan was the origin of the three wise men who followed the star that guided them to Bethlehem to witness the nativity of Jesus, as recounted in the Bible. Elgood, Cyril. ''A Medical History of Persia and the Eastern Caliphate: From the Earliest Times Until the Year A.D. 1932.'' Cambridge Library Collection - History of Medicine. Cambridge University Press, 2010. ISBN 1108015883 p. 34 Whatever the historical


ancient architecture

*Kashan rug *List of the historical structures in the Isfahan province *Sialk - Kashan's ancient architecture. *Traditional Persian residential architecture References Category:Populated places in Kashan County Category:Cities in Iran Category:Cities in Isfahan Province Category:Iranian


famous historic

rose water. * Town of Niasar is notable for an incredible man-made cave and a historical fire place. * Abyaneh, a famous, historic Iranian village is in Natanz County (Matin Abad), near Kashan. With a unique reddish hue, the village is one of the oldest in Iran, attracting numerous native and foreign tourists year-round, especially during traditional feasts and ceremonies. The village has been called an entrance to Iranian history. The local clothing, for example, is in a style


white long

of great antiquity. An Abyunaki woman typically wears a white long scarf (covering the shoulders and upper trunk) which has a colourful pattern and an under-knee skirt. Even the most immediate villages' women have different dress style so that one could tell if she is from Abyaneh or not. *Isfahan * Na'in is another desert city, to the south. It's a small and quiet town at the edge of desert. A perfect pattern of a desert town. Everything you like to see in a desert town you can find


high quality

He was transferred to Laleh hospital (Laleh Park) in Tehran the following day. frame thumb right Map showing the area of the Elamite Empire (in red) and the neighboring areas. The approximate Bronze Age (File:Elam Map.jpg) extension of the Persian Gulf is shown. Proto-Elamite civilization grew up east of the Tigris and Euphrates alluvial plains; it was a combination of the lowlands and the immediate highland areas to the north and east. At least three proto-Elamite states merged to form Elam: Anshan (Anshan (Persia)) (modern Fars (Fars Province)), Awan (Awan dynasty) (probably modern Luristan), and Shimashki (modern Kerman). References to Awan are generally older than those to Anshan, and some scholars

production of broad beans with high quality in terms of the taste, cooking periods and color. However, broad beans have a very short season (roughly two weeks.) The season is usually in the middle of spring. When people have access to fresh beans in season, they cook them in brine and then add vinegar and ''Heracleum persicum'' depending on taste. They also make an extra amount to dry to be used year round. The dried beans can be cooked with rice, which forms one of the most famous dishes

Tabriz is the major center for production of the famous Iranian Rugs (Persian carpet). Their high quality is greatly valued in world markets. Tabrizi rug (Carpet)s and carpets usually have ivory backgrounds with blue, rose, and indigo motifs


numerous historical/

such as Isfahan and Shiraz, Kashan is a common destination for foreign tourists due to numerous historical places. Get in A highway connects Kashan to Tehran via Qom. Kashan it is just 2.5 hours from Tehran. Get around See thumbnail Fin garden (File:Finn bagh kashan 2013-1.jpg) '''Agha Bozorg Mosque''' is a historical mosque in Kāshān, Iran. The mosque was built in the late 18th century by master-mimar Ustad Haj Sa'ban-ali, the mosque and theological school


architecture traditional

*Kashan rug *List of the historical structures in the Isfahan province *Sialk - Kashan's ancient architecture. *Traditional Persian residential architecture References Category:Populated places in Kashan County Category:Cities in Iran Category:Cities in Isfahan Province Category:Iranian


louvre

discoveries in the Sialk Hillocks which lie 4 km west of Kashan reveal that this region was one of the primary centers of civilization in pre-historic ages. Hence Kashan dates back to the Elamite (Elamite Empire) period of Iran. The Sialk ziggurat still stands today in the suburbs of Kashan after 7,000 years. The artifacts uncovered at Sialk reside in the Louvre in Paris and the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, and National Museum of Iran Iran's


large traditional

, 2007. Link: Chnpress.com

عباسیان) is a large traditional historical house built during the late 18th century, the house is a beautiful example of Kashani residential architecture. It is said to have been the property of a famous cleric. It has six courtyards that would fit the needs of different families. One of the chambers has a ceiling designed with mirror pieces so as to give the impression of a starry sky under the nocturnal glitter of candlelight. The house is now a public museum. '''Tabatabaie Residence''' A large

Kashan

right thumb 240px Amin-o-Dowleh, Persian Royal envoy to the court of Napoleon III (Image:Napoleon-Kashan.jpg). thumb 250px Timcheh-e Amin o Dowleh, Kashan Bazaar (Image:Teemcheh.jpg) (19th century). Persian architects used these structures to naturally decrease temperatures, regulate sunlight, and ventilate the interior spaces during the daytime. right thumb 250px The rug of Kashan. (Image:Kashan rug.jpg)

thumb 250px The Agha Bozorg Mosque (Image:Aghabozorg kashan.jpg) and its "sunken" courtyard (18th century) thumb 250px Tomb of Pirouz Nahavandi (Image:Abu lulu tomb.jpg) is not far from Fin Garden. thumb 250px The ''Borujerdi ha House (Image:Sagfh borujerdi ha.jpg)'' has become a famous landmark and sample of Persian traditional residential architecture.

'''Kashan''' (

The etymology of the city name comes from Kasian, the original inhabitants of the city, whose remains are found at Tapeh Sialk dating back 9,000 years; later this changed to Kashian, hence the town name. Between the 12th and the 14th centuries Kashan was an important centre for the production of high quality pottery and tiles. In modern Persian (Persian language), the word for a tile (''kashi'') comes from the name of the town.

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