of Shusha. The statue from Liepāja was going to be destroyed too by the order of the new independent Latvian authorities, but it was rescued by the Russian Navy, located in Liepāja until mid-1990s, and it was transported to Kaliningrad and is now placed near the Baltic Fleet Naval Aviation headquarters in Kaliningrad, Russia. During the Soviet era, a large fishing trawler and Pioneer (Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union) detachments were named after him. thumb 150px A monument of Stepanyan in the town of Shusha (Image:Nelson-Stepanyan-Shushi-DSC.jpg). There were four statues dedicated to him: one in Yerevan, the second in Liepāja, the third in Stepanakert and the last in his home town of Shusha. The statue from Liepāja was going to be destroyed too by the order of the new independent Latvian authorities, but it was rescued by the Russian Navy, located in Liepāja until mid-1990s, and it was transported to Kaliningrad and is now placed near the Baltic Fleet Naval Aviation headquarters in Kaliningrad, Russia. During the Soviet era, a large fishing trawler and Pioneer (Young Pioneer organization of the Soviet Union) detachments were named after him. thumb Tamara Ehlert. (File:Tamara Ehlert (1959).JPG) '''Tamara Ehlert''', aka '''Tamara Traumann''' (born 28 December, 1921, in Königsberg, now Kaliningrad; died 8 September, 2008, in Munich) was a German (Germany) writer and lyricist. Trained in theatre and dance, during the Second World War she worked as a telephone and radio operator. She worked as an interpreter for the British occupation government after the war. From 1951 onwards, she was employed by the Bayerischer Rundfunk. WikiPedia:Kaliningrad Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Kaliningradskaya Oblast Kaliningrad commons:Калининград
and Nationalization", in: ''Popularizing National Past. 1800 to Present'', Edited by Stefan Berger, Chirs Lorenz, and Billie Melman, Routledge 2012, pp. 288–307. *Kaliningrad Region, General Information Kommersant, Russia's daily On-line * WikiPedia:Kaliningrad Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Kaliningradskaya Oblast Kaliningrad commons:Калининград
is Lower Pond (Lower Pond (Kaliningrad)), an artificial lake. Lower Pond is surrounded by a promenade and is an area for recreation especially in summer. North of the Lower Pond is the larger Upper Pond (Upper Pond (Kaliningrad)) in northern Kaliningrad. Bridges Leonhard Euler's 1736 paper on the puzzle of the Seven Bridges of Königsberg was a seminal work in the field of topology. Only two of the structures from his era survive. Culture Education An important education centre in Kaliningrad is the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University. It is the successor to the Albertina (University of Königsberg), which was the old university of Königsberg founded in 1544, and whose faculty included noted scholars as Abraomas Kulvietis, Stanislovas Rapalionis, Immanuel Kant, and Jan Mikulicz-Radecki. Music The modern city of Kaliningrad is home to the Kaliningrad Regional Philharmonic and Symphony Orchestra, the Lik (Ngelik) male chamber choir (Choir) and the Garmonika Russian music (Music of Russia) ensemble, WikiPedia:Kaliningrad Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Kaliningradskaya Oblast Kaliningrad commons:Калининград
, Immanuel. ''Observations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and Sublime''. Trans. John T. Goldthwait. University of California Press, 1961, 2003. ISBN 0-520-24078-2 It is often held that Kant lived a very strict and predictable life, leading to the oft-repeated story that neighbors would set their clocks by his daily walks. He never married, but did not seem to lack a rewarding social life - he was a popular teacher and a modestly successful author even before starting on his major philosophical works. right thumb Statue of Immanuel Kant in Kaliningrad (File:Kant Kaliningrad.jpg) ( Königsberg), Russia During his own life, there was much critical attention paid to his thought . He did have a positive influence on Reinhold (Karl Leonhard Reinhold), Fichte, Schelling (Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling), Hegel, and Novalis during the 1780s and 1790s. The school of thinking known as German Idealism developed from his writings. The German Idealists Fichte and Schelling, for example, tried to bring traditional "metaphysically" laden notions like "the Absolute," "God," or "Being" into the scope of Kant's critical thought. There is much debate in the recent scholarship about the extent to which Fichte and Schelling actually overstep the boundaries of Kant's critical philosophy, thus entering the realm of dogmatic or pre-Critical philosophy. Beiser's ''German Idealism'' discusses some of these issues. Beiser, Frederick C. ''German Idealism: The Struggle against Subjectivism, 1781–1801.'' Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2002. In so doing, the German Idealists tried to reverse Kant's view that we cannot know that which we cannot observe. upright thumb Immanuel Kant's tomb today (File:Immanuel Kant Tomb.jpg) Kant's tomb is today in a mausoleum adjoining the northeast corner of Königsberg Cathedral in what is now known as Kaliningrad, Russia. The mausoleum was constructed by the architect Friedrich Lahrs and was finished in 1924 in time for the bicentenary of Kant's birth. Originally, Kant was buried inside the cathedral, but in 1880 his remains were moved outside and placed in a neo-Gothic chapel adjoining the northeast corner of the cathedral. Over the years, the chapel became dilapidated before it was demolished to make way for the mausoleum, which was built on the same spot, where it is today. Russia has an embassy in Rome and consulates in Genoa, Milan and Palermo, and Italy has an embassy in Moscow (Embassy of Italy in Moscow), a consulate in Saint Petersburg, two consulte generals (in Ekaterinburg and Kaliningrad), and two embassy branches in (Samara (Samara, Russia) and Volgograd). Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe and the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe. In 1817, he became a professor at Königsberg University (Kaliningrad) and full professor of zoology in 1821, and of anatomy in 1826. In 1829 he taught briefly in St. Petersburg, but returned to Königsberg. In 1834 Baer moved back to St Petersburg and joined the St Petersburg Academy of Sciences, first in zoology (1834–46) and then in comparative anatomy and physiology (1846–62). His interests while there were anatomy, ichthyology, ethnography, anthropology and geography. While embryology had kept his attention in Königsbert, then in Russia von Baer engaged in a large deal of field research, including the exploration of the island Novaya Zemlya. The last years of his life (1867–76) were spent in Dorpat, where he became a leading critic of Charles Darwin. WikiPedia:Kaliningrad Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Kaliningradskaya Oblast Kaliningrad commons:Калининград
. In 1998 the Kaliningrad Higher school of the Internal Affairs Ministry (Ministry of Internal Affairs (Russia)#Russian Federation) published the methodical textbook ''"Nonverbal communications. Developing role-playing games 'Mafia' and 'Murderer'"'' for a course on "Visual psychodiagnostics", to teach various methods of reading body language and nonverbal signals. Петров С.В., Холопова Е.Н. «Невербальная коммуникация. Развивающие ролевые игры „Мафия「 и „Убийца「». Учебно-методическое пособие - Калининград: КВШ МВД России, 1998 Borders and neighbors Soviet borders were the longest of any nation and extended 37,000 miles (62,710 kilometers). The Soviet Union measured some 10,000 kilometers from Kaliningrad on the Gdansk Bay in the west to Ratmanova Island (Big Diomede Island) in the Bering Strait, or roughly equivalent to the distance from Edinburgh, Scotland, west to Nome, Alaska. WikiPedia:Kaliningrad Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Kaliningradskaya Oblast Kaliningrad commons:Калининград
of mistakes to various Lithuania-related articles (example Klaipeda region http: en.wikipedia.org w index.php?title Klaipeda_Region&diff 14179407&oldid 13997997 ). Also where revert wars happened, he in most places written interesting historical information in the talk pages which weren't known to me, but as I checked, were true; as he studies history, and there are not many Lithuanians able to contribute here and knowing these things well, I think he is useful. I agree that sometimes he makes an article POV, but sometimes that article is POV of other side at the start (due to lack of Lithuanian editors many articles have Polish, Belorussian and other POVs about Lithuanian history). However, such disputed can be resolved, as they were resolved on Talk:Confederation for example. Although insults and lack of reasoning - a problem, but I think it got better with time, at start it was mostly insults, while now there is more reasoning I think, facts and information, as well explainings if he does reverts. The problem with some unexplained reverts (fewer of them now though) comes from fact that certain information would not be doubted in Lithuania, therefore for some it might seem even "wrong" that someone doubts it and requests more information, especially immidietly after coming to wikipedia. And, there is a real problem with Poles deleting Lithuanian names (which Zivinbudas and I add in brackets together with e.g. German names which are already added there) of cities in Poland even if they used to have Lithuanian majority and such (example: Goldap), and even if they are very different from Polish ones and etc. while Poles at the same time adds Polish names to cities of Belarus, Ukraine, Kaliningrad Oblast, Lithuania, Latvia, etc. even to those cities where Poles never made even significant minority (examples: Panevežys, Siauliai, Jelgava, Kaliningrad); current arguements for that are like "there are more Poles who speaks English so more historical English sites using Polish names", which might make it seem to some that these people thinks of Lithuanian language as lesser;This is just an example of a thing which might annoy Lithuanian and I think things like this one is what causes Zivinbudas to write for example anti-Polish sentiments and push more Lithuanian POV as a 'retalliation'. Not saying that such retalliating is good, but I think it changes with time. DeirYassin (User:DeirYassin) 05:46, 30 May 2005 (UTC) * 9. ''Westsamländische Mundart'', around Pillau (Baltiysk) (Baltiysk) * 10. ''Ostsamländische Mundart'', around Königsberg (Kaliningrad), Labiau (Polessk) (Polessk) and Znamensk (Wehlau) (Znamensk, Kaliningrad Oblast) * 11. ''Mundart des Ostgebietes'', around Insterburg (Chernyakhovsk) (Chernyakhovsk), Memel (Klaipėda) (Klaipėda) and Sovetsk (Tilsit) (Sovetsk, Kaliningrad Oblast) ::As for werether city name is new or a form of old name, I think it tells much if it is still used commonly. E.g. Kaliningrad is a new name for that city, therefore in Lithuanian now Kaliningradas is used more commonly than Karaliaučius; while Balstogė is a form of Bialystok so Balstogė is still used commonly. Then again, it might be so only in Lithuanian. Then again, even if names are form of same name, they might be very different sometimes, so differenet that it might be hard to understand that it is same town. Of the four remaining Flying ''P-Liners'' (Flying P-Liner), the former ''Padua'' is the only one still in use, mainly for training purposes, with her home ports in Kaliningrad (formerly Königsberg) and Murmansk. After the ''Sedov'', another former German ship, she is the largest traditional sailing vessel still in operation. - Kaliningrad WikiPedia:Kaliningrad Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Kaliningradskaya Oblast Kaliningrad commons:Калининград
. The city comes out in full force to party under the dazzling fireworks, concerts, performances, sports, arts and car-related events. Buy *
Baltic Federal University in Kaliningrad claims to maintain the traditions of the Albertina. Personal Married to Vera Sergeevna Usachova (née Nazarova) from the Kaliningrad. They have one daughter, Zhenya. His mother, Anna Grigorevna Usachova resides in Donetsk. His father is deceased. He has a brother, five years older, and a twin sister, five minutes older. He enjoys photography and video production.
;Bosworth, R. J. B page 84" Bosworth, Richard J. B., ''Explaining Auschwitz And Hiroshima History Writing and the Second World War 1945-1990'', London: Routledge, 1994, p. 84. ISBN 978-0-415-10923-9 In 1945, Hillgruber fled west to escape the Red Army, another experience that was to have much influence on him. After his release he studied at the University of Göttingen, where he received a PhD in 1952. As a student, Hillgruber was a leading protégée of the medievalist Percy Ernst Schramm, an academic who, as Eberhard Jäckel commented, regarded World War II as a normal war that regrettably the Nazis were not as skilled at waging as they should have been. Dijk, Ruun van (1999), p. 533. Much of Hillgruber's early work reflected Schramm's influence. He spent the decade 1954-1964 working as school teacher. In 1960 he married Karin Zieran, with whom he had three children. Hillgruber worked as a professor at the University of Marburg (1965–1968), the University of Freiburg (1968–1972) and the University of Cologne (1972–1989). In the late 1960s he was a target of radical student protesters. Lukacs (1997), p. 35. He died in Cologne of throat cancer. - bgcolor "efefef" Kaliningrad, Russia (Kaliningrad) '''6''' Kiev, Ukraine (Kiev) '''5''' - - Kaliningrad, Russia (Kaliningrad) '''2''' Kiev, Ukraine (Kiev) '''4''' - bgcolor "efefef" thumb 200px right A Gomelavia Ilyushin Il-76 (File:Il-76 at LKTB.jpg) at Brno Airport (Brno-Tuřany Airport) At the time of its closure, Gomelavia served Minsk, Kaliningrad and Moscow from its base at Gomel. WikiPedia:Kaliningrad Dmoz:Regional Europe Russia Administrative Regions Kaliningradskaya Oblast Kaliningrad commons:Калининград
, 9-00 - 12-00 price content *
@kaliningrad.polemb.net address Kashtanovaya Alley, 51 lat long directions phone +7 (4012) 976-440, +7 (4012) 218-741 (visa issues) tollfree fax +7 (4012) 976-443 hours Mon-Fri, 9-00AM - 2-00PM price content Visa Centers *
content * Go next thumb Curonian Spit (Image:KgradKurshk.jpg) * Curonian Spit A nearly 50-km-long
'''Kaliningrad''' ( ), is a seaport city (types of inhabited localities in Russia) and the administrative center of Kaliningrad Oblast, the Russian exclave (Enclave and exclave) between Poland and Lithuania on the Baltic Sea. The territory borders on NATO and European Union members Poland and Lithuania, and is geographically separated from the rest of Russia (Enclave and exclave).
The locality was a site of the ancient Old Prussian settlement fort Twangste. In 1255, a new fortress was built on this site by the Teutonic Knights during the Northern Crusades, and was named "Königsberg" in honour of King Ottokar II of Bohemia. The town was part of the State of the Teutonic Order, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, Prussia and Germany (until 1945). Until the end of World War II, the area formed the northern part of the former East Prussia. The city was largely destroyed during World War II; its ruins were captured by the Red Army in 1945 and its German population fled or was removed by force (Flight and expulsion of Germans (1944–50)). It was renamed Kaliningrad on July 4, 1946 Decree of July 4, 1946 in honor of Mikhail Kalinin. In 2005 Kaliningrad celebrated its 750 years of existence.
According to the 2010 Census (Russian Census (2010)), its population was 431,902 —an increase from 430,003 recorded in the 2002 Census (Russian Census (2002)).