Kahnawake

What is Kahnawake known for?


complex history

; gallery Historic membership issues The complex history of Kahnawake has included a variety of indigenous peoples, although the Mohawk became by far the majority, and their practice of adopting captives, including Europeans. In addition, there was some European settlement after the reserve land was "donated" by the French Crown (Crown (heraldry)) in the mid-17th century, and the French government stationed French colonial troops there (who formed liaisons with local women


population amp

Begins&SearchPR 01&B1 Population&Custom 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Kahnawake area_total_km2 area_land_km2 50.41 area_water_km2 area_water_percent population_as_of 2006 population_footnotes population_note population_total ~8000 population_density_km2 140.9 population_blank1_title Pop


community

Begins&SearchPR 01&B1 Population&Custom 2006 Statistics Canada Community Profile: Kahnawake area_total_km2 area_land_km2 50.41 area_water_km2 area_water_percent population_as_of 2006 population_footnotes population_note population_total ~8000 population_density_km2 140.9 population_blank1_title Pop

of the Mohawk Nation within the borders of Canada, including Kanesatake on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River northwest of Montreal; Akwesasne, which straddles the borders of Quebec, Ontario and New York; and the Six Nations of the Grand River First Nation north of Lake Erie. In the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the community was historically considered one of the Seven Nations of Canada. The name is derived from the Mohawk (Mohawk language) word

and Saint-Philippe (Saint-Philippe, Quebec). Led by the Mohawk Council of Kahnawake and Kahnawake's Inter-governmental Relations Team, the community has filed claims with the government of Canada. It is seeking monetary compensation and symbolic recognition of its claim. Rosenburg, Dan, 1999: "Land claims issue dragging its heels", ''The Eastern Door'' 8(4) Image:Landclaim.jpg Image:Kahnawake ca 1860.jpg Historic photo of Kahnawake, ca. 1860 <


historic membership

; gallery Historic membership issues The complex history of Kahnawake has included a variety of indigenous peoples, although the Mohawk became by far the majority, and their practice of adopting captives, including Europeans. In addition, there was some European settlement after the reserve land was "donated" by the French Crown (Crown (heraldry)) in the mid-17th century, and the French government stationed French colonial troops there (who formed liaisons with local women and had children by them). Shopkeepers also formed families, and through the 18th century, many marriages occurred between European men and Indian women. As a result, many Kahnawake people are of mixed ethnicity, of Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, French, English, Anglo-American, Scots and Irish descent but identify as Mohawk. Since their culture was matrilineal, mixed-race children were assimilated within the mother's family and the nation. Faribault-Beauregard, Marthe, 1993: ''Mariages de Saint-François-Xavier du Sault St. Louis, 1735-1972'', Montréal: Société généalogique canadienne-française In other areas of Canada, Métis (Métis people (Canada)), descendants of European trappers and indigenous women, have formed what has become a separate, recognized ethnic group, as in some regions they established a distinct hunting and trading culture. By the 1790s and early 19th century, visitors often described the "great mixture of blood" at Kahnawake. They noted that many children who appeared to be of European ancestry were being brought up as Mohawk culturally. Weld,Isaac, 1807: ''Travels through the United-States and Upper and Lower Canada during the years 1795, 1796, 1797'', Volume 2. New York: Augustus M. Kelley section from the existing A-30 to Route 132 in Candiac will be redesignated Autoroute 930 (Quebec Autoroute 930) once construction ends in 2012. 86 15px (Image:Qc207.svg) R-207 (Quebec Route 207) 15px (Image:Qc221.svg) R-221 (Quebec Route 221) Kahnawake, Saint-Rémi (Saint-Rémi, Quebec), Saint-Isidore (Saint-Isidore, Montérégie, Quebec) group3 '''Adjacent communities''' list3 '''Acton Vale (Acton Vale, Quebec):''' CFID 103.7 (CFID-FM) • '''Akwesasne:''' CKON 97.3 (CKON-FM) • '''Châteauguay''': CHAI 101.9 (CHAI-FM) • '''Joliette''': CJLM 103.5 (CJLM-FM) • '''Kahnawake''': CKKI 89.9 (CKKI-FM) • CKRK 103.7 (CKRK-FM) • '''Lachute''': CJLA 104.9 (CJLA-FM) • '''Laval (Laval, Quebec)''': CJLV 1570 (CJLV) • CFGL 105.7 (CFGL-FM) • '''Longueuil''': CHMP 98.5 (CHMP-FM) • CHAA 103.3 (CHAA-FM) • '''Saint-Constant (Saint-Constant, Quebec)''': CJMS 1040 (CJMS) • '''Saint-Hyacinthe (Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec)''': CFEI 106.5 (CFEI-FM) • '''Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu''': CFZZ 104.1 (CFZZ-FM) • '''Saint-Jérôme (Saint-Jérôme, Quebec)''': CIME 103.9 (CIME-FM) • '''Salaberry-de-Valleyfield''': CKOD 103.1 (CKOD-FM) • '''Vaudreuil-Dorion''': CJVD 100.1 (CJVD-FM) group4 Adjacent markets Raids In the early morning hours of October 16, 1780, Lieutenant Houghton of the British Army's 53rd Regiment of Foot and a single Grenadier, along with 300 Mohawk (Mohawk nation) warriors from the Kahnawake Reserve (Kahnawake) in the British province of Quebec (province of Quebec (1763-1791)), attacked and burned the towns of Royalton (Royalton, Vermont), Sharon (Sharon, Vermont) and Tunbridge (Tunbridge, Vermont) along the White River in eastern Vermont. This raid was launched in conjunction with other raids led by Major Christopher Carleton of the 29th Regiment of Foot along the shores of Lake Champlain and Lake George (Lake George (New York)) and Sir John Johnson of the King's Royal Regiment of New York in the Mohawk River valley, to attempt to drive the Vermonters out of Vermont and to burn anything of military value that might be used by the Green Mountain Boys if they decided to attack Montreal or Quebec City again. Four Vermont settlers were killed and twenty six were taken prisoner to Quebec. CKGM files for frequency swap On September 7, 2011, the CRTC announced the applicants for the 690 kHz frequency previously occupied by CINF. Among these included Bell Media, who plan on using 690 as a new frequency for CKGM. Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2011-571, September 7, 2011. The reasoning for the swap is to take advantage of 690's around-the-clock clear-channel (Clear-channel station) frequency, especially during nighttime hours when most sporting events, especially hockey, takes place; at 990, the station is forced to broadcast at a lower power at night, broadcasting directionally towards the north to protect CBW and CBY, significantly decreasing its coverage area in the suburban areas and on the South Shore. Other frequencies CKGM considered moving to was 940 kHz, though doing so would take six months to make the move, as opposed to three months if CKGM is awarded 690; and 600 kHz (formerly used by CINW's predecessor, CIQC, before moving to 940 in 1999), but it would require building new towers, and the only suitable site for broadcast is in Kahnawake, on land owned by competing broadcaster, Cogeco. Fagstein: "Clear Channel Cagematch: CKGM frequency change", November 3, 2011. *Gesgapegiag (Gesgapegiag, Quebec) :fr:Gesgapegiag - Mi'kmaq (Mi'kmaq people) *Kahnawake - Mohawk (Mohawk nation) Quebec Kanesatake - Mohawk (Mohawk nation) The latter name was also given to a northern settlement on the St. Lawrence River opposite Lachine (later Montreal). Also known as ''Kahnawake'', the Canadian settlement was founded by 1718 as a Jesuit mission for the Iroquois converts to Christianity who wanted to withdraw from 'moral corruption' by their pagan kinsmen. '''CKRK-FM''' is an English-language (English language) Canadian (Canada) radio station located in the Kahnawake Mohawk Territory (Mohawk nation), a First Nations reserve (Indian reserve) near Montreal, Quebec.


quot mix

section from the existing A-30 to Route 132 in Candiac will be redesignated Autoroute 930 (Quebec Autoroute 930) once construction ends in 2012. 86 15px (Image:Qc207.svg) R-207 (Quebec Route 207) 15px (Image:Qc221.svg) R-221 (Quebec Route 221) Kahnawake, Saint-Rémi (Saint-Rémi, Quebec), Saint-Isidore (Saint-Isidore, Montérégie, Quebec) group3 '''Adjacent communities''' list3 '''Acton Vale (Acton Vale, Quebec):''' CFID 103.7 (CFID-FM) • '''Akwesasne:''' CKON 97.3 (CKON-FM) • '''Châteauguay''': CHAI 101.9 (CHAI-FM) • '''Joliette''': CJLM 103.5 (CJLM-FM) • '''Kahnawake''': CKKI 89.9 (CKKI-FM) • CKRK 103.7 (CKRK-FM) • '''Lachute''': CJLA 104.9 (CJLA-FM) • '''Laval (Laval, Quebec)''': CJLV 1570 (CJLV) • CFGL 105.7 (CFGL-FM) • '''Longueuil''': CHMP 98.5 (CHMP-FM) • CHAA 103.3 (CHAA-FM) • '''Saint-Constant (Saint-Constant, Quebec)''': CJMS 1040 (CJMS) • '''Saint-Hyacinthe (Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec)''': CFEI 106.5 (CFEI-FM) • '''Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu''': CFZZ 104.1 (CFZZ-FM) • '''Saint-Jérôme (Saint-Jérôme, Quebec)''': CIME 103.9 (CIME-FM) • '''Salaberry-de-Valleyfield''': CKOD 103.1 (CKOD-FM) • '''Vaudreuil-Dorion''': CJVD 100.1 (CJVD-FM) group4 Adjacent markets Raids In the early morning hours of October 16, 1780, Lieutenant Houghton of the British Army's 53rd Regiment of Foot and a single Grenadier, along with 300 Mohawk (Mohawk nation) warriors from the Kahnawake Reserve (Kahnawake) in the British province of Quebec (province of Quebec (1763-1791)), attacked and burned the towns of Royalton (Royalton, Vermont), Sharon (Sharon, Vermont) and Tunbridge (Tunbridge, Vermont) along the White River in eastern Vermont. This raid was launched in conjunction with other raids led by Major Christopher Carleton of the 29th Regiment of Foot along the shores of Lake Champlain and Lake George (Lake George (New York)) and Sir John Johnson of the King's Royal Regiment of New York in the Mohawk River valley, to attempt to drive the Vermonters out of Vermont and to burn anything of military value that might be used by the Green Mountain Boys if they decided to attack Montreal or Quebec City again. Four Vermont settlers were killed and twenty six were taken prisoner to Quebec. CKGM files for frequency swap On September 7, 2011, the CRTC announced the applicants for the 690 kHz frequency previously occupied by CINF. Among these included Bell Media, who plan on using 690 as a new frequency for CKGM. Broadcasting Notice of Consultation CRTC 2011-571, September 7, 2011. The reasoning for the swap is to take advantage of 690's around-the-clock clear-channel (Clear-channel station) frequency, especially during nighttime hours when most sporting events, especially hockey, takes place; at 990, the station is forced to broadcast at a lower power at night, broadcasting directionally towards the north to protect CBW and CBY, significantly decreasing its coverage area in the suburban areas and on the South Shore. Other frequencies CKGM considered moving to was 940 kHz, though doing so would take six months to make the move, as opposed to three months if CKGM is awarded 690; and 600 kHz (formerly used by CINW's predecessor, CIQC, before moving to 940 in 1999), but it would require building new towers, and the only suitable site for broadcast is in Kahnawake, on land owned by competing broadcaster, Cogeco. Fagstein: "Clear Channel Cagematch: CKGM frequency change", November 3, 2011. *Gesgapegiag (Gesgapegiag, Quebec) :fr:Gesgapegiag - Mi'kmaq (Mi'kmaq people) *Kahnawake - Mohawk (Mohawk nation) Quebec Kanesatake - Mohawk (Mohawk nation) The latter name was also given to a northern settlement on the St. Lawrence River opposite Lachine (later Montreal). Also known as ''Kahnawake'', the Canadian settlement was founded by 1718 as a Jesuit mission for the Iroquois converts to Christianity who wanted to withdraw from 'moral corruption' by their pagan kinsmen. '''CKRK-FM''' is an English-language (English language) Canadian (Canada) radio station located in the Kahnawake Mohawk Territory (Mohawk nation), a First Nations reserve (Indian reserve) near Montreal, Quebec.


bright title

''kahnawà:ke'', meaning "place of the rapids", referring to their major village Caughnawaga (Caughnawaga Indian Village Site) near the rapids of the Mohawk River in New York. When converted Catholic Mohawk moved to the Montreal area, they named the new settlement after their former one.


film roles

that Kateri was canonized a saint on October 21, 2012; she is the first Native American Catholic saint. * Louis Jackson (1843-?) - author of ''Our Caughnawaga's in Egypt: A Narrative of what was seen and accomplished by the contingent of North American Indian voyageurs who led the British boat expedition for the relief of Khartoum up the cataracts of the Nile'' (1885). * Alex Rice - actress featured in numerous TV and film roles, including two of the ''Twilight'' films. * Mike

Kanentakeron Phillips - actor featured is numerous TV and film roles, most notably in ''The Last of the Mohicans (1992 film)''. * Tracey Deer - two-time Gemini Award-winning filmmaker and producer director writer of upcoming television series "Mohawk Girls". * John Kim Bell (1952 - ) - Conductor, first Aboriginal person to conduct a symphony orchestra * Robert (Bobby) Simpson (Bobby Simpson (ice hockey)) - Former professional ice hockey player who was drafted


centuries quot

;It is Our Custom - The Persistence of Kahnawake’s Council of Chiefs in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries&quot; , ''Kahnawake Branch of the Mohawk Nation'', accessed 22 Feb 2010 The inequalities in landownership among Kahnawake residents led to resentment of the wealthy. For instance, in 1884, the mixed-race sons of the late George de Lorimier were the largest and wealthiest landowners in the community. Some Kahnawake residents questioned whether people who were


show support

and Native American tribes came to Kanesatake from other areas to show support. In addition, for several weeks, Mohawk at Kahnawake blockaded the approach to the Mercier Bridge, which ran through their land. # Saukkomies (User:Saukkomies), interested in many diverse subjects, but specializing in the earth sciences (including climatology, astronomy, geology, oceanography, and paleontology), and the social sciences (including history, anthropology, sociology, human geography


community support

(or offenders for that matter), but that have a restorative framework. Indigenous groups are using the restorative justice process to try to create more community support for victims and offenders, particularly the young people. For example, different programs are underway at Kahnawake, a Mohawk (Mohawk nation) reserve in Canada, and at the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation of the Oglala Lakota nation, within the United States. Since 2000, Kahnawake, a ''Kanien’kehá:ka'' reserve

Kahnawake

The '''Kahnawake Mohawk (Mohawk nation) Territory''' ( in Mohawk (Mohawk language), ''Kahnawáˀkye'' Rudes, B. ''Tuscarora English Dictionary'' Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999 in Tuscarora (Tuscarora language)) is a reserve (Indian reserve) of the traditionally Iroquoian-speaking Mohawk nation on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River in Quebec, Canada, across from Montreal. Recorded by French Canadians in 1719 as a Jesuit mission (Mission (Christian)), it has also been known as ''Seigneury Sault du St. Louis'', ''Caughnawaga'' and 17 European spelling variations of the Mohawk ''Kahnawake''.

Kahnawake's territory totals an area of 48.05 square kilometres. Its resident population numbers about 8,000, with a significant number living off the territory. Its land base today is unevenly distributed due to federal Indian Act law that oversees individual land possession, unlike the Canadian norms that apply to the land around it. ''Kahnawake'' residents originally spoke their Mohawk language, and some learned French (French language) when under French rule. Allied with the British government during the American Revolutionary War and the Lower Canada Rebellion, they have since become mostly English speaking.

Although people of European descent traditionally call the residents of Kahnawake Mohawk, their autonym (endonym) is ''Kanien’kehá:ka'' (the "People of the Flint" also another version "those who speak the language Kanienka"). The ''Kanien’kehá:ka'' were historically the most easterly nation of the ''Haudenosaunee'' (Six Nations Iroquois Confederacy) and are known as the "Keepers of the Eastern Door". They were the first Iroquois tribe west of the Hudson River in present-day New York, where they protected other parts of the confederacy to the west against invasion by tribes from present-day New England and the coastal areas.

Kahnawake is one of several Kanien’kehá:ka territories of the Mohawk Nation within the borders of Canada, including Kanesatake on the north shore of the St. Lawrence River northwest of Montreal; Akwesasne, which straddles the borders of Quebec, Ontario and New York; and the Six Nations of the Grand River First Nation north of Lake Erie. In the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, the community was historically considered one of the Seven Nations of Canada.

The name is derived from the Mohawk (Mohawk language) word ''kahnawà:ke'', meaning "place of the rapids", referring to their major village Caughnawaga (Caughnawaga Indian Village Site) near the rapids of the Mohawk River in New York. When converted Catholic Mohawk moved to the Montreal area, they named the new settlement after their former one. The highly visible proximity of the Lachine Rapids no doubt also influenced their naming decision.

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