What is Jayapura known for?

difficult fighting

for this task were the 24th (24th Infantry Division (United States)) and 41st Infantry Divisions. Pimlott, p. 129. The Task Force established itself ashore after a successful amphibious assault on 19 April 1944. It then began an offensive in that area to remove Japanese forces, before establishing air bases there. The battle was a vicious one; the jungles and swamps made difficult fighting ground, and it was not until 6 June that the area was secured. The entire Japanese 18th Army was cut off from its bases by the force. Following this campaign the corps directed the seizure of the island of Biak, which was secured by 24 June, to complete the advances necessary for the subsequent invasion of the Philippine Islands. On 20 August Major General Innis P. Swift succeeded General Eichelberger as commander of the corps. Awards ''Coronado'' received four battle stars for her World War II service: the Bismarck Archipelago operation (Bismarck Archipelago), the Hollandia operation (Jayapura), the Western New Guinea operation (Western New Guinea), and the Leyte Gulf operation (Battle of Leyte). - DJJ WAJJ Sentani Airport Jayapura, Indonesia - In May 2006, tour-guide Paul Raffaele led an Australian ''60 Minutes (60 Minutes (Australian TV program))'' crew to report on the people. Wikipedia:Jayapura Commons:Category:Jayapura

bright red

incisus'') is endemic to dense vegetation waters of Lake Sentani in Jayapura, Papua (Papua (province)). The males are bright red and with age grow a high back. Their colours change depending on their mood, but subordinate males do not display bright colours. They grow up to 15 cm (6 inches) in size, but often attain a smaller size of around 10 cm (4 inches). World War II, 1943-1945 Following shakedown (Shakedown (testing)), ''San Pedro'' sailed for the Southwest Pacific. She performed escort (Escort destroyer) duty briefly in the Admiralty Islands at the beginning of April 1944; and at the end of the month, became part of forces attempting to consolidate the western New Guinea area. Her first mission took her to Hollandia (Jayapura), and she subsequently advanced to Biak in June, Noemfoor Island in July, and Cape Sansapor in August. During September, she escorted a convoy of tugs and barges to Morotai with sufficient equipment to set up a fully equipped base for PT boats. Torch relay The chairman of Indonesian National Sport Committee of South Sumatera province, Muddai Madang, said that the flame for SEA Games will be taken from the eternal flame in Desa Mrapen, Purwodadi in the province of Central Java. The flame from Merapen was also used for 2008 Asian Beach Games and 1997 Southeast Asian Games torch relays. The relay will start in Purwodadi and scheduled to arrive in Palembang on November 11, 2011. It will travel through several Indonesian provinces before it will be following the route across 15 South Sumatran regencies. The torch will passed in 6–11 November through Borobudur, Yogyakarta, Semarang, Komodo Island and Kupang, Jayapura, Makassar, Balikpapan and Samarinda, Jakarta, and finishing in Palembang, South Sumatera. Torch Relay Day 1 - Borobudur The journey will involve 45 torchbearers for every single leg of the relay. http: www.infoseagames-sumsel.com the-flame-for-sea-games-is-from-merapen.html Wikipedia:Jayapura Commons:Category:Jayapura


Bonins raid (15 June – 16 June), Battle of the Philippine Sea (19 June – 20 June); and 2nd Bonins raid (24 June). During the Battle Of the Philippine Sea, ''Belleau Wood's'' planes sank the Japanese carrier . 1944 Joining Task Force 58 (Fast Carrier Task Force), ''Cowpens'' sailed from Pearl Harbor on 16 January 1944 for the invasion of the Marshalls. Her planes pounded Kwajalein and Eniwetok the last 3 days of the month to prepare

, Netherlands East Indies, (September – October 1944) Five days later, she sailed with a fast carrier force which struck the great enemy base at Truk on 16-17 February and hit Saipan on 22 February. She then proceeded via Majuro to Espiritu Santo. She got underway again on 15 March, escorting as those aircraft carriers supported landings on Emirau Island (Landing on Emirau) on 20 March and struck Palau, Yap

Group 21 (MAG 21). On 2 June, CarDiv 22 started north for Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshalls (Marshall Islands). On 4 August, ''Santee'' reached newly-won Guam. The 81 aircraft of MAG 21 became the first planes to operate from the reconquered island. Joining Task Force 58 (Fast Carrier Task Force) in January 1944, ''North Carolina'' escorted aircraft carriers as the flagship of Admiral Willis A. Lee for much of the year, providing support for airborne strikes on Kwajalein

run low

exhaustion and malnutrition were rendered ineffective for the remainder of the war, despite Adachi's efforts to achieve some form of self-sufficiency by planting crops and giving priority in rations to the sick. As ammunition began to run low, many of Adachi's commanders resorted to banzai charges against the Allied beachhead at Aitape rather than surrender. By the end of the war in September 1945, most of his forces had been annihilated. Of Adachi's original 140,000 men, barely 13,000 were still alive when the war ended. He surrendered to the Australian 6th Division at Wewak, New Guinea. right 240px thumb Major General Horace Robertson (Image:Japanese surrender (AWM 019296).jpg) (right) accepts the sword of Japanese Lieutenant General Hatazō Adachi (left) The warship reached Milne Bay on 7 April and, the following day, headed on to Cape Sudest, where she became a unit of TF 77 for the amphibious assault at Humboldt Bay (Teluk Yos Sudarso). During the assault, she screened aircraft carriers and acted as fighter director until 24 April when she departed to escort a convoy back to Cape Sudest. From there she moved to Morobe Bay, where she spent the remainder of the month in availability alongside ''Dobbin'' (USS Dobbin (AD-3)) (AD-3). During the first week in May, ''Taylor'' escorted a convoy from Cape Cretin to the Hollandia (Jayapura) invasion area and acted as fighter director ship once more. She returned to Cape Cretin on 7 May and departed again two days later to screen a convoy of LST (Tank landing ship)s to the Russell Islands subgroup in the Solomons. On 13 May, the destroyer reported back to the 3d Fleet (U.S. 3rd Fleet) in the Solomons, dropped off the convoy, and departed again to screen another convoy to New Caledonia. Assigned to TU 77.4.24, an escort carrier unit, ''Richard W. Suesens'' sailed for the Philippines 14 October. On 16 October, TG 77.4 rendezvoused with TG 78.6 to provide air coverage for transports en route from Hollandia (Jayapura) to Leyte (Leyte (island)). Through the landings on 20 October and the covering operations which followed, the DE, alternating plane guard and screening duties continued to operate with the "jeep" carriers. On 22 October TU 77.4.24 was dissolved. ''Richard W. Suesens'' with six CVE (Escort aircraft carrier)'s, three DD's, and four other DE (Destroyer escort)'s formed TU 77.4.2 and with TU 77.4.1 and TU 77.4.3 took up patrol duties to the east of Leyte Gulf whence their planes could provide air support for the amphibious forces, fly CAP (Combat air patrol) and ASP Wikipedia:Jayapura Commons:Category:Jayapura

service history

between the 8 July and 10 August. She proceeded via Hollandia (Jayapura), New Guinea, to Leyte Gulf, Philippines, where she patrolled 7 to 11 December to protect shipping from enemy surface attacks. She screened for the amphibious assault force that landed on Mindoro Island, Philippines, 15 December, and shot down three enemy planes that day. From 27 December to 2 January 1945 she screened ships resupplying U.S. Army forces on Mindoro. Service history Until

for the invading troops on 21 and 22 April, then operated out of Seeadler Harbor to bombard Sawar and Wakde on 29 and 30 April and to patrol between Aitape and Tanamerah. Service history Departing Norfolk, Virginia 10 November 1944, ''Cyrene'' arrived at Manus (Manus Island) on 13 December to escort two squadrons of motor torpedo boats to Hollandia (Jayapura), New Guinea. She then sailed on convoy duty to Leyte (Leyte Island), arriving 1 January 1945. ;Dates : 1950

Service Force, US 7th Fleet, at Milne Bay, New Guinea, on 23 August. ''Salamonie'' joined the Leyte (Battle of Leyte) invasion force in Hollandia (Jayapura) on 8 October 1944 and later supported both the Morotai and Mindoro strike forces. She spent the final months of the war supporting Allied operations in the Philippines. Service history ''Bancroft'' arrived at Dutch Harbor, Alaska, 17 September 1942 and remained in the Aleutian Islands until late August

numerous traditional

, Melanesians, and Austronesians (Austronesian peoples). The region is predominantly dense forest where numerous traditional tribes live such as the Dani (Dani people) of the Baliem Valley, although the majority of the population live in or near coastal areas. The largest city in the region is Jayapura. The official and most commonly spoken language is Indonesian (Indonesian language). Estimates of the number of tribal languages in the region range from 200 to over 700, with the most

year providing

Group 21 (MAG 21). On 2 June, CarDiv 22 started north for Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshalls (Marshall Islands). On 4 August, ''Santee'' reached newly-won Guam. The 81 aircraft of MAG 21 became the first planes to operate from the reconquered island. Joining Task Force 58 (Fast Carrier Task Force) in January 1944, ''North Carolina'' escorted aircraft carriers as the flagship of Admiral Willis A. Lee for much of the year, providing support for airborne strikes on Kwajalein, Namur (Roi-Namur), Truk (twice), Saipan, Tinian, Guam, Palau, Woleai, and Hollandia (Jayapura) in January–April. Also in April, ''North Carolina'' destroyed defensive installations on Ponape (Pohnpei) before setting course for Pearl Harbor for repairs to a damaged rudder. With repairs completed, the battleship joined with ''Enterprise'' on 6 June for assaults within the Marianas; as part of these, ''North Carolina'' used her main battery to bombard Saipan and Tanapag. Admiral King then requested that, during April, the Eastern Fleet should engage Japanese forces in their area and hold them there to reduce the opposition to an American seaborne assault on Hollandia (now Jayapura) (Jayapura) and Aitape on the north coast of Netherlands New Guinea. An airborne attack by the Eastern Fleet (including Task Force 58.5) on Sabang (Sabang, Indonesia), off Sumatra was executed (Operation Cockpit). Surprise was achieved: military and oil installations were heavily damaged by the attacks, aggravating Japanese fuel shortages. The American involvement was extended to capitalise on the success with a second attack, this time on Surabaya, eastern Java, on 17 May (Operation Transom). The distances for this operation necessitated replenishment at sea. Again, the defenders were unprepared and significant damage was made to port, military and oil infrastructure. After this, on 18 May, ''Saratoga'' and her destroyers returned to the Pacific after what Admiral Somerville called "''a profitable and very happy association of Task Group 58.5 with the Eastern Fleet''". On 18 April, ''Long'' sailed for the invasion of the Hollandia (currently known as Jayapura) (Jayapura) area; she entered Humboldt Bay (Teluk Yos Sudarso) 22 April, made an exploratory sweep, and then fired a close-in preinvasion bombardment. ''Long'' arrived at Guadalcanal early in May to prepare for the Marianas assault, for which she sailed 4 June. Arriving Saipan 13 June for preinvasion sweeps west of the island, ''Long'' served as radar picket and guard ship until 24 June, then after a voyage to the Marshalls (Marshall Islands), screened Wikipedia:Jayapura Commons:Category:Jayapura

including major

; Kossol Roads, Palau Islands; Ulithi; and Okinawa (Okinawa Island). ***Maluku Islands including major cities such as: Ambon, Maluku, Ternate City, and Tidore. ***All provinces in West Papua (West Papua (province)) including major cities such as: Jayapura, Biak, and Merauke. ***All provinces in Papua (Papua (province)) including all major islands in the province. Service history ''Foreman'' arrived at Funafuti, Ellice Islands on 28 January 1944 to begin nine months of convoy escort duty in the southwest Pacific. She guarded the movement of men and supplies as well as of larger combatant ships in the lengthy series of operations necessary to consolidate Allied (Allies of World War II) control of the northern Solomon Islands and western New Guinea. Several times she also served on anti-submarine patrol. Sailing for Sydney, Australia, for upkeep on 29 September, ''Foreman'' returned to Hollandia (Jayapura) on 18 October, and put to sea on 26 October to escort two hospital transports to newly assaulted Leyte, arriving on 30 October. One of the transports was completely loaded that day, and before midnight, ''Foreman'' and this transport sailed for Kossol Roads. Returning to Majuro 6 April 1944, ''Frazier'' sailed a week later with a fast carrier task group for attacks on Wakde and Sawar, New Guinea, on 21 and 22 April, in coordination with the landings at Aitape and Hollandia (Jayapura). The task group also struck at targets in the Caroline Islands as it sailed back to arrive at Kwajalein 4 May. From 10 May to 27 July, ''Frazier'' patrolled the bypassed Japanese-held islands in the Marshalls, which included Wotje, Jaluit, and Mille (Mili Atoll). She bombarded Mille on 26 May, and on 9 June sent her motor whale-boat in under the guns of Taroa to rescue 10 survivors of a flying boat previously sent in to rescue a downed aviator and were stranded when their plane was damaged by a shore battery. Two weeks later she rescued two Marine (United States Marine Corps) aviators off Mille. Subsequent service Through the summer of 1944, ''England'' sailed throughout the northern Solomons (Solomon Islands), providing the escort services necessary for the building up of bases, preparations for the renewed assaults on Japanese territories to the north, and provision of supplies to garrison forces on the islands of the southwest Pacific. In August, she underwent repairs at Manus, and between 24 September and 15 October voyaged from the Treasury Islands to Sydney, Australia. From the Treasuries, she sailed guarding a convoy to Hollandia (Jayapura), where she arrived on 18 October, and on the 26th got underway on the first of two voyages to escort reinforcement convoys to newly invaded Leyte. She returned to Manus and local escort duty on 2 December. The respite afforded the destroyer escort was a brief one, however, for she got underway on 1 November for Hollandia (Jayapura) and Seeadler Harbor, escorting a convoy. Entering Humboldt Bay (Yos Sudarso Bay) on the 4th, ''Willmarth'' anchored there over the next two days before proceeding to sea to screen the sortie of TG 78.4 — Wikipedia:Jayapura Commons:Category:Jayapura

sound blue

'' in Altenfjord, Norway, badly damaging her and killing 122 of her crew. Two Barracudas are lost. Humble, Richard, ''Hitler s High Seas Fleet'', New York: Ballantine Books Inc., 1971, p. 147. Sturtivant, Ray, ''British Naval Aviation: The Fleet Air Arm, 1917–1990'', Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1990, ISBN 0-87021-026-2, p. 108. 1943-1944 Following trial runs in Long Island Sound, ''Blue Ridge

fishing oil

widely spoken including Dani, Yali, Ekari and Biak. The predominant religion is Christianity (often combined with traditional beliefs) followed by Islam. The main industries include agriculture, fishing, oil production, and mining. Extinction In 2012, the Tampoto tribe in Skow Mabo village, Jayapura, was on the brink of extinction, with only a single person (a man in his twenties) still living; the Dasem tribe in Waena area, Jayapura, also is near extinction, with only one family consisting of several people still alive. A decade ago, the Sebo tribe in the Kayu Pulau region, Jayapura Bay, died out. Hundreds of Papuan tribes have their own individual languages; they unable to compete in the acculturation process with other groups, and some tribes have resisted acculturation. By contrast, the Dayak tribes in Kalimantan are able to interact with people from outside and adapt without losing their separate cultural identities. Wikipedia:Jayapura Commons:Category:Jayapura


thumb 275px Jayapura city (File:jayapura2.jpg) thumb 275px Jayapura at night (File:jayapura3.jpg) thumb 275px A workers' mural in Jayapura, Indonesia (File:Jayapura workers mural.jpg) '''Jayapura City''' ( ) is the provincial capital of Papua (Papua (province)), Indonesia. It is situated on the island of New Guinea. It is situated on Yos Sudarso Bay (formerly known as '''Humboldt Bay'''). It covers an area of 935.92 sq.km, and borders Jayapura Regency to the west, Keerom Regency to the south, the nation of Papua New Guinea to the east, and the Pacific Ocean to the north. It had a population of 256,705 at the 2010 Census; Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011. the latest official estimate (as at January 2014) is 315,872.

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