Israel

What is Israel known for?


medical publications

, and Egypt. She has also performed on "Monday Night Football" and "The Miss Texas Pageant." - IMI Galatz (IMI Galil) Sniper rifle Israel 7.62x51mm Sniper version of the IMI Galil assault rifle. - '''Aaron Valero''' (1913–2000) was an Israeli physician and educator who helped establish hospitals and medical schools, authored medical publications and contributed greatly to the advancement of medical education in Israel in the latter


founding political

In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Palestinian groups (Palestinian fedayeen) launched a wave of attacks (Palestinian political violence)


literary efforts

; In Israel, Appelfeld made up for his lack of formal schooling and learned Hebrew, the language in which he began to write. His first literary efforts were short stories, but gradually he progressed to novels. He completed his studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Today, Appelfeld lives in Mevaseret Zion and teaches literature at Ben Gurion University of the Negev. The weather can also play a major factor. For example, the February average temperature minimum


defense program

1145684--canada-may-not-buy-f-35-fighter-jets-ottawa-admits title Canada may not buy F-35 fighter jets, Ottawa admits accessdate 23 March 2012 last Campion-Smith first Bruce date March 13, 2012 The United States is projected to spend an estimated US$323 billion for development and procurement on the F-35 program, making it the most expensive defense program ever. "Pentagon's F

ballistic missile . The LRTR would be amongst the key elements of the Indian Ballistic Missile Defense Program. DRDO would provide the technology to private and public manufacturers to make these high power systems. *3D Multi Function Control Radar (MFCR) was developed as part


song set'

by the air defense's performance in the 1973 Yom Kippur War. The 1987 "Locomotion" release was a huge hit in Minogue's native Australia, reaching number one on the AMR singles chart and remaining there for seven weeks. The song set the record as the biggest Australian single of the decade. Throughout Europe and Asia the song also performed well on the music charts, reaching number one in Belgium, Finland, Ireland, Israel, Japan, and South Africa. Pankin had


offering international

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amp open

of books, see www pittsburghbiblicalgarden. Irene Jacob, Director. Rodef Shalom garden showcases Biblical beauty plants, y Toby Tabachnick , Jewish chronicleamp;open & '''Israeli''' athletes competed

, 2010 amp;open & Chottiner, Lee, "Pittsburgh's Jewish Pirates: MOTs playing ball in ’Burgh for 127 years," ''The Jewish Chronicle'', accessed 7 19 09


controversial game

ALEKSANDR "SASCHA" GOMELSKY The Soviet team, with Vladimir Kondrashin as their coach, won their first Olympic gold medal that year, in a controversial game against the United States national basketball team. thumb 300px M163 Hovet. (Image:M163-hatzerim-2.jpg) The '''Machbet''' (Hebrew: מחבט, meaning "racquet") is an Israeli upgrade of the M163 (M163 VADS) self-propelled automatic anti-aircraft gun, based in turn on the M113 (M113 armored personnel carrier) armored personnel carrier. In addition to the 20 mm M61 Vulcan rotary cannon it is armed with 4-tubes FIM-92 Stinger surface-to-air missile launcher. The Machbet comes equipped with an upgraded tracking system and has the ability to share information with local high power radar. The vehicle carries 1800 rounds of 20 mm ammunition and 8 stinger missiles. The '''Intel Core microarchitecture''' (previously known as the '''Next-Generation Micro-Architecture''', or '''NGMA''') is a multi-core processor (central processing unit) microarchitecture unveiled by Intel in Q1 2006. It is based around an updated version of the Yonah (Yonah (microprocessor)) core and could be considered the latest iteration of the P6 microarchitecture (P6 (microarchitecture)), which traces its history back to the Pentium Pro introduced in 1995. The high power consumption and heat intensity of NetBurst (NetBurst (microarchitecture))-based processors, the resulting inability to effectively increase clock speed, and other bottlenecks such as the inefficient pipeline were the primary reasons Intel abandoned the NetBurst microarchitecture. The Core microarchitecture was designed by Israel's Intel Israel (IDC) team that previously designed the Pentium M mobile processor. How Israel saved Intel 222 px thumb left ''Orthosia cerasi'' (Fabricius, 1775) (Image:Rundflügel-Kätzcheneule (Orthosia cerasi) - Raupe 1 HS.jpg) The '''Common Quaker''' (''Orthosia cerasi'') is a moth of the family Noctuidae. Some authors prefer the synonym ''Orthosia stabilis'' ( Denis (Michael Denis) & Schiffermüller (Ignaz Schiffermüller) 1775 ). It is distributed throughout Europe and is also found in Turkey, Israel, Transcaucasia and eastern Siberia. Species There are over a dozen known species of ''Nothosaurus''. The type species is ''N. mirabilis'', named in 1834 from the Germanic (Germany) Muschelkalk. Other species include ''N. giganteus'' (previously known as ''Paranothosaurus'') from Osnabrück (Osnabrück (district)), Germany; Commons:Category:Israel Wikipedia:Israel Dmoz:Regional Middle East Israel


research working

. authorlink1 John Mearsheimer last2 Walt first2 Stephen M. authorlink2 Stephen Walt work KSG Faculty Research Working Paper Series url http: web.hks.harvard.edu publications getFile.aspx?Id 209 id KSG Working Paper No. RWP06-011 publisher Harvard University year 2006 month March ssrn 891198 format PDF accessdate 2011-12-11 Due to the immense power of the veto, permanent members often now meet privately and then present their resolutions to the full council, which critics

; http: www.ft.com cms s 0 a73539f0-071e-11e1-8ccb-00144feabdc0.html#axzz1dAGyakso Eli Berman. Commons:Category:Israel Wikipedia:Israel Dmoz:Regional Middle East Israel


huge natural

Israel has a technologically advanced market economy with substantial government participation. It depends on imports of crude oil, grains, raw materials and military equipment. Despite limited natural resources, Israel has intensively developed its agricultural and industrial sectors over the past 30 years. This may change in light of recent discoveries of huge natural gas and some oil finds off Israel's shores, which will reduce imports and increase government revenues. Israel is largely self-sufficient in food production except for grains. Cut diamonds, high-technology equipment, aircraft, high-tech defense systems, chemicals and chemical products, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, rubber, plastics, and textiles and services in various fields are the leading exports. For many years Israel posted sizable current account deficits, which were covered by large transfer payments from abroad and by foreign loans. However, the tight fiscal policy of recent years and the high growth rates have led Israel to a budget surplus in 2006. Roughly half of the government's foreign debt is owed to the US, which is its major source of economic and military aid. The influx of Jewish immigrants from the former USSR during the period 1989-99 coupled with the opening of new markets at the end of the Cold War, energized Israel's economy, which grew rapidly in the early 1990s. But growth began moderating in 1996 when the government imposed tighter fiscal and monetary policies and the immigration bonus petered out. Growth was a strong 6.4% in 2000. But the bitter Israeli-Palestinian conflict, increasingly the declines in the high-technology and tourist sectors, and fiscal austerity measures in the face of growing inflation have led to declines in GDP in 2001 and 2002. However, in 2007 the economic growth was 5.3% and the inflation was only 0.4%. In the first six months of 2008 tourism has grown with 45%. In 2011 Israel had been one of the best performing economies in the OECD with low unemployment, relatively high growth rate, increased tourism and stable fiscal and monetary policies. People The most obvious division in Israel's society is between Jews - who make up 75% of the population in Israel proper and 15%-40% in areas captured by Israel during the Six-Day War (West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Golan Heights) - and non-Jews (mostly Israeli-Arabs), who make up nearly all of the rest. As well, some 350,000 people who emigrated to Israel from the former Soviet Union are not considered Jews according to halacha (Jewish law), though they largely identify with the Israeli mainstream. In terms of religious backgrounds, 77% are Jewish, 16% are Muslim, 4% are Christian Arabs and 2% are Druze (a Muslim offshoot considered heretical by mainstream Islam). There are also deep divisions within Jewish society. First is the cultural division between the 'Ashkenazim', who lived in Europe for nearly 2000 years and are generally considered wealthier and politically better connected, and the 'Sephardim' and 'Mizrahim', who immigrated from the Middle East, Yemen and North Africa (Sephardi and Mizrahi immigrants from Europe tend to match the socio-economic profile of Ashkenazim.) In recent years, the divide between these ethnic groups has, however, grown much less acute and intermarriage has become common. While ethnic divisions have weakened as the native-born population has increased, religious tensions between 'secular' and 'Orthodox' Jews have increased. The spectrum ranges from the stringently-orthodox 'haredim', only 15% (2008 est.) of the population but able to wield a disproportionate amount of power thanks to Israel's fractious coalition politics, to 50% who are 'modern orthodox' and finally 45% who consider themselves secular, although still adhere to some traditions. While secular Jews are widespread throughout all of Israel, orthodox Jews tend to concentrate mostly in certain cities such as Jerusalem, Bnei Brak and Ashdod. Holidays thumb Cyclists ride down a deserted Highway in Tel Aviv on Yom Kippur (File:Yom Kippur on Highway 20 Tel-Aviv.jpg) thumb Fireworks celebrating "Independence day" (File:Independence Day Tel Aviv 2008.jpg) ;Israel's time: is + 2 hr from GMT (UTC) so when it's 18:00 in London, or 13:00 in New York (EST), it's 20:00 in Israel. '''Daylight savings time''' (Summer time) begins on the Friday before the last Sunday in March, and ends on the first Sunday after 1 October unless that Sunday is ''Rosh Hashana'', in which case the transition occurs on the first Monday after 1 October. ;Shabbat: Many businesses and transport companies do not operate on "Shabbat" (the Sabbath) which begins Friday afternoon and ends Saturday night, while many places do not reopen renew service until Sunday morning. The same holds true for major Jewish or national holidays, so plan your itinerary accordingly. ;Public Holidays: Different levels of activity stop in Israel depending on the festival or holiday, and different areas will see different levels of activity on these days. Public transportation usually stops completely on most holidays. Holidays in Israel follow the Jewish calendar, which means that the Gregorian date will vary from year to year although tending to fall within the same 6-week period. In the Jewish tradition, a new day begins at sunset, meaning that Jewish holidays begin on the eve of the official date (not at midnight). A list of Gregorian dates matched with the National holidays and Jewish holidays can be found at the National and Jewish holidays section of "GoIsrael" site. A more elaborate list of Jewish holidays and dates can be found at the Jewish holidays section of the Chabad site, although some of the holidays mentioned there are scarcely celebrated or have no influence on day-to-day activities. Official national holidays in '''bold''': *'''Jewish New Year''' ''(Rosh Hashanah)'' falls between 5 September and 5 October *Fast Day of Gedaliah ''(Tsom Gedalyah ben Ahikam)'' falls two days after the first day of Rosh Hashanah (New Year) *'''Day of Atonement''' ''(Yom Kippur)'' falls between 14 September and 14 October. The holiest day in the Jewish Calendar on which EVERYTHING comes to a halt: all businesses, banking, shopping, entertainment, restaurants, '''public and private''' traffic , etc. Children on bicycles, rollerblades and skateboards flood the streets of secular towns. Emergency vehicles have limited mobility. *'''Feast of Tabernacles (Booths)''' ''(Sukkot)'' falls between 19 September and 19 October. Only the first and last days are national holidays, but some disruption occurs during the intermediate days. *Assembly of the Eighth Day ''(Simchat Torah Shemini Atzeret)'' falls between 26 September and 26 October. Street festivals and dancing are common in most cities and towns on the preceding evening. *Yitzhak Rabin's Remembrance Day ''(Yom Hazikaron le Yitzhak Rabin)'' is on 5 November. It is a memorial day. *Feast of Lights (''Hanukkah'' or 're-dedication') falls between 27 November and 27 December. An observance rather than a holiday, it is celebrated by lighting an additional candle on each evening of the celebration until all eight branches of the ''Hanukkyah'' are lit, and by eating jelly doughnuts, ''suvganiot''. *Tenth of Tevet Fast ''(Tsom Asarah b-Tevet)'' *Fifteenth of Shvat ''(Tu Bi'shvat)'' is the New Year of the Trees (similar to an Arbor Day) *Fast of Esther ''(Ta`anit Ester)'' *'''Memorial Feast for the Triumph of Esther''' ''(Purim)'' falls between 24 February and 26 March (between 25 February and 27 March in Jerusalem.) Children and adults dress in costumes and street parades are common on this day. In Jerusalem, Purim is celebrated one day later than in the rest of Israel and is officially known as ''Shushan Purim''. *'''Passover''' ''(Pesach)'' falls between 26 March and 25 April (''Only the first and last days are national holidays, however there may be some disruption during the intermediate days''). No leavened bread or grain products are sold or served in most places during this week (including beer and some alcohols). *Seventh day of Passover ''(Shvi'i shel Pesach)'' falls between 1 April and 1 May. *'''Holocaust Remembrance Day''' ''(Yom HaZikaron LaShoah VeLaGevurah)'' falls between 7 April and 7 May. Air raid sirens sound at 10:00 and the entire country comes to an eerie standstill for two minutes. Places of entertainment are closed on this day and its eve. *'''Fallen Soldiers Remembrance Day''' ''(Yom Hazikaron)'' falls between 14 April and 14 May. Air raid sirens sound on the eve and in the morning; the entire country observes a minute of silence in memory of its fallen soldiers and terror attack victims. *'''Independence Day''' ''(Yom Ha-Atzmaut)'' falls between 15 April and 15 May. Large street festivals, city-wide parties and fireworks displays are held on the eve. The day is usually celebrated by sightseeing and picnicking. *33rd day of the `Omer ''(Lag Ba'omer)'': bonfires are common on the eve. *Jerusalem Day ''(Yom Herut Yerushalayim)'': parades and festivals occur in Jerusalem. *'''Pentecost''' ''(Shavuot)'' falls between 15 May and 14 June *Seventeenth of Tammuz fast ''(Tsom Shiva` Asar b-Tammuz)'' *Ninth of Av fast ''(Tisha B'Av)'' commemorates the destruction of the First and Second Temples. *Fifteenth of Av ''(Tu B'Av)''. Festival of Love. Electricity thumb Israeli type plugs. Old type on the left, new type on the right, and a ubiquitous hybrid socket that also accepts type C plugs (File:Israeli-type-H-plugs-and-socket.jpg) The voltage in Israel is 220V, and the frequency is 50Hz. The electric outlets used are type H and Type C. Type H is a uniquely Israeli three-pronged standard, but most modern type H outlets can also accept type C European two-pronged plugs. In fact, most electronic devices in Israel use type C plugs. For more information on plug types, please see our Electrical systems article. The special phone number 103 can be used to reach the customer service center. Climate Many tourists visit Israel in the summer, not realizing the potential of other seasons. Summer in Israel is very hot, the coastal areas are humid as well as hot, and the landscapes are parched brown since it never rains in summer. The other three seasons, in contrast, have absolutely beautiful weather. In spring and autumn the temperature is near-perfect every day and nearly all days are sunny. Winter is a mixture of cold rainy days and cool, sunny days which are great for hiking and touring. So while summer may be the most convenient time to visit Israel, any other season is much more enjoyable. Especially in summertime, suggestions to wear a hat and drink more water than you're used to are important. Regions Israel possesses a number of diverse regions, with landscapes varying between coast, mountain, valley and desert landscapes, with just about everything in between. Beyond the towns and cities, each region of Israel holds its own unique attractions. The metropolitan areas of Jerusalem and Tel Aviv form very much their own regions; from north to south, however, Israel's regions are as follows: Commons:Category:Israel Wikipedia:Israel Dmoz:Regional Middle East Israel

Israel

'''Israel'''

On 29 November 1947, the United Nations General Assembly recommended the adoption and implementation of the Partition Plan (United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine) for Mandatory Palestine. Borders for a new Jewish state were specified by the UN (United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine) but ultimately not recognized by either Israel or neighboring countries.

The population of Israel (Demographics of Israel), as defined by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics, was estimated in 2014 to be 8,146,300 people. It is the world's only Jewish-majority state (Jewish population by country); 6,110,600 citizens, or 75.3% of Israelis, are designated as Jewish (Israeli Jews). The country's second largest group of citizens are denoted as Arabs (Arab citizens of Israel), with 1,686,000 people (including the Druze and most East Jerusalem Arabs). Armenians (Armenians in Israel), Circassians (Circassians in Israel), Roma (Romani diaspora#Israel) and others. Israel also hosts a significant population of non-citizen foreign workers and asylum seekers from Africa and Asia.

In its Basic Laws (Basic Laws of Israel), Israel defines itself as a Jewish and Democratic State.

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