Iraq

What is Iraq known for?


style love

in 1977 while in exile in Najaf, Iraq with his father and was rumored by supporters of his father to have been murdered by SAVAK. Moin, ''Khomeini'', (2001), 184–5 Ahmad Khomeini, who died in 1995 at the age of 49, was also rumoured to be a victim of foul play, but at the hands of Islamic regime.


quot decades

each offering a "thumbs-up" gesture. Al-Jamadi had been a suspect in a bomb attack that killed 12 people in a Baghdad Red Cross facility. The '''2002 prize''' was awarded to Jimmy Carter for "decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions


early+great

), considered as the ancestor of all the mosques in the western Islamic world, John Stothoff Badeau and John Richard Hayes, ''The Genius of Arab civilization: source of Renaissance''. Taylor & Francis. 1983. p. 104 is one of the best preserved and most significant examples of early

great mosques. Founded in 670 AD, it dates in its present form largely from the Aghlabid (Aghlabids) period (9th century). Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qantara mediterranean heritage) The Great Mosque of Kairouan is constituted of a massive square minaret, a large courtyard surrounded by porticos and a huge hypostyle prayer hall covered on its axis by two cupolas. ref name "kairouan


leading traditional

, India, Iraq, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brazil, Mexico, the Arab League, the African Union and many others. Though many nations opposed the war, no foreign government openly supported Saddam Hussein, and none volunteered any assistance to the Iraqi side. Leading traditional allies of the U.S. who had supported Security Council Resolution 1441 (UN Security Council Resolution 1441), France, Germany and Russia, emerged as a united front opposed to the U.S.-led invasion, urging that the UN weapons inspectors be given time to complete their work. Penner is a member of the Mennonite Central Committee and has been involved in refugee assistance and anti-war causes through its Peace and Social Concerns Committee. In 2003, he tried to mobilize international support for an initiative to prevent the American-led invasion of Iraq (2003 invasion of Iraq). Under this plan, Iraqi President (President of Iraq) Saddam Hussein would have turned over his weapons in return for protection by Russia, France, and Germany. The international contacts never materialized, however, and the plan ultimately came to nothing. Lindor Reynolds, "Cloak-and-dagger plan makes great story", ''Winnipeg Free Press'', 24 March 2003, A7. unit commands No. 10 Squadron (No. 10 Squadron RAF) 12th (Corps) Wing No. 20 Group (No. 20 Group RAF) No. 52 (Corps) Wing No. 3 (Indian) Wing (subsequently redesignated No. 1 (Indian) Wing) No. 1 Flying Training School Aden Command (British Forces Aden) RAF Cranwell (Royal Air Force College Cranwell) British Forces in Iraq RAF Middle East (RAF Middle East Command) battles World War I After the War he moved to India and commanded No. 52 (Corps) Wing and No. 3 (Indian) Wing (subsequently redesignated No. 1 (Indian) Wing). He was appointed Officer Commanding, No. 1 Flying Training School in 1924, Group Captain - Administration at RAF Halton in 1925 and Officer Commanding, Aden Command (British Forces Aden) in 1928. He went on to be Director of Training at the Air Ministry in 1929 before being made Air Officer Commanding RAF Cranwell (Royal Air Force College Cranwell) in 1933, Air Officer Commanding British Forces in Iraq in 1934 and Air Member for Personnel in 1937. Commons:Category:Iraq WikiPedia:Iraq Dmoz:Regional Middle East Iraq


production oil

invasion of Iraq (w:invasion of Iraq) in 2003, Iraqi (w:Iraq) oil production (w:oil production) figures have been bleak. However, new signs are being revealed that Iraqi oil output is at its best since the fall of Hussein. The Iraqi oil minister, Hussain al-Shahristani (w:Hussain al-Shahristani), stated that about 2.5 million barrels of oil are now produced per day, a figure that has seen a rise lately. During the invasion of Iraq, lead by the United States (w:United States), oil output


manufacturing photographs

of Democracy in Africa", however the White House said his trip to Belgrade was purely a private mission unrelated to his appointment as a Special Envoy. BBC News - Europe - Yugoslavia to Free PoWs 1 May 1999 Synopsis In London, a tabloid (tabloid (newspaper format)) journalist finds an opportunity to further his career by manufacturing photographs supposedly depicting British (United Kingdom) soldiers


large defense

supporting the United Nations allies by sending a contingent of troops to join coalition forces and by opening up to pre-positioning of weapons and supplies. Foreign relations Although Oman enjoys a high degree of internal stability, regional tensions in the aftermath of the Persian Gulf War (Gulf War) and the Iran-Iraq war continue to necessitate large defense expenditures. In 2001, Oman budgeted $2.4 billion for defense—about 33% of its gross domestic product. Oman maintains a small but professional and effective military, supplied mainly with British (United Kingdom) equipment in addition to items from the United States, France, and other countries. British officers, on loan or on contract to the Sultanate, help staff the armed forces, although a program of "Omanization" has steadily increased the proportion of Omani officers over the past several years. *1997 – 19-year-old British au pair Louise Woodward, convicted by a Cambridge, Massachusetts, jury of second-degree murder the day before, is sentenced to life in prison. *1998 – Iraq disarmament crisis begins: Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors. *1999 – EgyptAir Flight 990 traveling from New York City to Cairo crashes off the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, killing all 217 on-board. The '''olive''' ( Commons:Category:Iraq WikiPedia:Iraq Dmoz:Regional Middle East Iraq


local construction

for modest workers who helped the city to recover from war wounds, charging far less than local construction workers. Many of these refugees are being repatriated with the assistance of UNHCR but there are still sizable groups of Afghan and Iraqi refugees in Tehran who are reluctant to leave, being pessimistic about the situation in their respective country of origin. Afghan refugees are mostly Persian-speaking Hazara (Hazara people) or Tajiks (Tājik people), speaking a dialect of Persian


major early

ian civilization began. By 3500 BC the Sumerians were living and trading beyond the Strait of Hormuz, venturing out as far as the Indus River and the Red Sea. The Sumerians were conquered by the Semitic Akkadians in 2340, becoming united under Babylon from 1792 - 1750 BC. Lastly, Uqair was an historic meeting place of major early Arabian political importance. In 1922, prominent politicians and leaders met to discuss and from new boundaries


young military

. Underway 6 June, she transited the Straits of Gibraltar and reached Rhodes on the morning of 20 June. For the next three weeks, ''Barry'' operated with 6th Fleet, conducted standard ASW exercises, until 14 July when a coup, organized by young military officers, seized Baghdad and declared a republic in Iraq. The Lebanese (Lebanon) government, led by a Christian president, Camille Chamoun, feared a similar revolution might grow out of a Pan-Arab insurgency active in the Bekaa

Iraq

'''Iraq''' ( ''), is a country with an autonomous region, called Iraqi Kurdistan, in Western Asia. The country borders Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west. The capital, Baghdad, is in the center of the country and its largest city. The largest ethnic groups in Iraq are Arabs and Kurds. Other ethnic groups include Assyrians (Assyrian people), Turcoman (Iraqi Turkmens), Shabaki (Shabak people), Armenians (Armenians in Iraq), Mandeans, Circassians (Circassians in Iraq) and Kawliya form the minorities. Around 95% of the country's 36 million citizens are Shia or Sunni Muslims, with Christianity, Yarsan, Yezidism and Mandeanism also extant.

Iraq has a narrow section of coastline measuring Two major rivers, the Tigris and Euphrates, run south through the center of Iraq and flow into the Shatt al-Arab near the Persian Gulf. These rivers provide Iraq with significant amounts of fertile land.

The region between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers is often referred to as Mesopotamia and thought to be the birthplace of writing and the world's oldest civilizations (cradle of civilization). The area has been home to continuous successive civilizations since the 6th millennium BC. At different periods in its history, Iraq was the center of the indigenous Akkadian (Akkadian Empire), Sumerian (Neo-Sumerian Empire), Assyrian (Neo-Assyrian Empire), and Babylonian (Neo-Babylonian Empire) empires. It was also part of the Median (Median Empire), Achaemenid (Achaemenid Assyria), Hellenistic (Seleucid Empire), Parthian (Arsacid Empire), Sassanid (Sassanid Empire), Roman (Roman Empire), Rashidun (Rashidun Caliphate), Umayyad (Umayyad Caliphate), Abbasid (Abbasid Caliphate), Mongol (Ilkhanate), Safavid (Safavid Empire), Afsharid (Afsharid dynasty), and Ottoman (Ottoman Empire) empires, and under British (United Kingdom) control as a League of Nations mandate.

Iraq's modern borders were mostly demarcated in 1920 by the League of Nations when the Ottoman Empire was divided by the Treaty of Sèvres. Iraq was placed under the authority of the United Kingdom as the British Mandate of Mesopotamia. A monarchy was established in 1921 and the Kingdom of Iraq gained independence from Britain in 1932. In 1958, the monarchy was overthrown and the Republic of Iraq was created. Iraq was controlled by (Ba'athist Iraq) the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (Ba'ath Party (Iraqi-dominated faction)) from 1968 until 2003. After an invasion (2003 invasion of Iraq) by the United States and its allies (Multi-National Force – Iraq), Saddam Hussein's Ba'ath Party was removed from power and multi-party parliamentary elections (Iraqi parliamentary election, December 2005) were held. The American presence in Iraq (Iraq War) ended in 2011 but the Iraqi insurgency (Iraqi insurgency (post-U.S. withdrawal)) continued and intensified as fighters from the Syrian Civil War spilled into the country.

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