52: 16–17. In the northeast of their range they live close to rivers, valleys and in ravine forests, but avoid areas with more than of snowfall. Geptner, V. G., Sludskii, A. A. (1972). ''Mlekopitaiuščie Sovetskogo Soiuza.'' Vysšaia Škola, Moskva. (In Russian; English translation: Heptner, V.G., Sludskii, A.A., Komarov, A., Komorov, N.; Hoffmann, R.S. (1992).
, Pencak Silat, which comes in numerous different flavors, and Iko's skills got the attention of Jackie Chan. thumb 300px Sundanese traditional singing performance (Image:SambaSunda Quintett in Cologne (0244).jpg) Indonesian literature has shown considerable domestic success as themes got more liberal and freedom of speech was expanded, but not a lot has made its way onto the world stage. Torch-bearer '''Pramoedya Ananta Toer''''s works were long-banned in his own homeland, but the post-Suharto era
been followed by Indonesia and Thailand, which garners positive response in comparison to the Idol (American Idol) series. International versions *'''Indonesia''': ''Akademi Fantasi Indosiar'' - has finished 5 seasons. The show will return for the sixth installment after 4 years of hiatus. Season 1 was aired in December 2003, on Indosiar. In 2011, the show will be continued on MNCTV with a new name, ''Viva AFISTAR''. *'''Mexico''': ''La Academia'' - hosted
long in Central Jakarta, Indonesia. It is located about 1 km south of the national museum, Monas and due west of the Gondangdia main line train station. Opportunity International Australia also provides support services to its loan recipients such as business training, financial literacy training and community development initiatives. Australian Development Gateway It currently works
performance usually includes at least one hamd, which is traditionally the first song in the performance. The author’s second novel, ''Blood is a Stranger'' was set in Australia's Arnhem Land and Indonesia. ''Blood is a Stranger'', William Heinemann, Australia, 1988; ISBN 085561 160 X This covered the ‘issue’ of the misuse of uranium mining and dangers of nuclear weapons, a theme in Perry’s early writing and documentary film-making. Stephen Knight
such as rubber, coffee and tea but he branched out to the financial sector by acquiring a bank. This move made him a wealthy man. Cheong Fatt Tze died in Indonesia in 1916. His body was sent back to China to be buried. On its final journey through Penang, Singapore and Hong Kong, the overseas Chinese were greatly saddened by the loss of this great personality. The Chinese government sent a high-ranking official to his funeral and ordered the National Archives to record his life
are "under-reporting" the number of human cases of the deadly H5N1 (w:H5N1) Avian Flu (w:Avian Flu) (Bird Flu) virus, but also said that the countries are not hiding them "deliberately." thumb 320px right File picture of Mt Merapi. Photo credit: '' w:user:Blethrow Wikipedian Blethrow (Image:Blethrow merapi1.jpg)'' (GFDL (s:GNU Free Documentation License)) An Indonesian (w:Indonesia) government volcanologist reports that Mount Merapi (w:Mount Merapi) spewed lava
13th century, and under Gajah Mada, its influence stretched over much of Indonesia. Although Muslim traders first traveled through Southeast Asia early in the Islamic era, the earliest evidence of Islamized populations (The spread of Islam in Indonesia) in Indonesia dates to the 13th century in northern
General Suharto , outmaneuvered the politically weakened Sukarno and was formally appointed president in March 1968. His New Order administration (New Order (Indonesia)) was supported by the US government, US National Archives, RG 59 Records of Department of State;
, and that George III (George III of the United Kingdom) was welcome to pay homage to the Chinese court, the deeply offended British government aborted all further attempts to reconcile relations with the Qing regime. None of these states are typically referred to as republics. The current usage of republic in Muslim countries is borrowed from the western meaning, adopted into the language in the late 19th century. Bernard Lewis. "The Concept of an Islamic Republic"
and an Indonesian-themed (Indonesia) Sulawesi Aviary. In 1992, CEMEX began its push into the international landscape with the purchase of Spain's two largest cement companies, Valenciana de Cementos (Valcem, currently head of CEMEX Spain) and Cementos SANSON. Venezuela's largest cement company, VENCEMOS, was acquired by CEMEX in 1994, and plants were purchased the same year in the United States and in Panama. In 1995 CEMEX acquired a cement company in the Dominican Republic, and with the purchase of a majority stake in a Colombian cement company in 1996, CEMEX became the third largest cement company in the world. In 1997-1999, the company expanded its scope to include Asia and Africa, making major purchases in the Philippines, Indonesia and Egypt, as well as Costa Rica. The acquisition of U.S. based Southdown (Southdown (corporation)) made CEMEX the largest cement company in North America, and further international purchases were made in the following two years—a Thai (Thailand) company in 2001, and in 2002, a Puerto Rican (Ponce Cement, Inc.) company. country Insular Southeast Asia region Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore creator thumb right 200px Otak-otak of Muar town Muar (Image:otak-otak.JPG), Malaysia '''''Otak-otak''''' is found in certain parts of Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore. The word otak-otak came from the old Sanskrit word which means flour. The southern Malaysian town of Muar (Muar (town)) in Johor is a popular destination for it — people from surrounding states and even Singaporeans often visit to buy the famous otak-otak in bulk. It is commonly known in Singapore as ''otah''. ''Otak'' means ''brains'' in Indonesian (Indonesian language) and Malay (Malay language), and the name of the dish is derived from the idea that the dish somewhat resembles brains, being grey, soft and almost squishy. Dmoz:Regional Asia Indonesia Commons:Category:Indonesia Wikipedia:Indonesia
, TMTouch Celcom in Malaysia, AVCO in Nepal and Mobitel in Sri Lanka. related Cham (Cham (Asia)), E De (E De people), Malay (Malay people), Filipino (Filipino people) The '''Jarai''' (also '''Người Gia Rai''', '''Gia Rai''', or '''Gia-rai''') is an ethnic group based primarily in Vietnam's Central Highlands (Tay Nguyen). The Jarai language is a member of the Malayo-Polynesian (Malayo-Polynesian languages) branch of the Austronesian (Austronesian languages) language
'''Indonesia''' ( ), is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising thousands of islands (List of islands of Indonesia). "The Naming Procedures of Indonesia's Islands", ''Tenth United Nations Conference on the Standardization of Geographical Names'', New York, 31 July – 9 August 2012, United Nations Economic and Social Council It encompasses 34 provinces (Provinces of Indonesia). Two provinces were Special Administrative Regions (one (Special Region of Yogyakarta) for being governed by pre-colonial monarchy and another one (Aceh) for using the Sharia Law), with an estimated population of over 252 million people, making it the world's fourth most populous (List of countries by population) country. Indonesia's republican form of government comprises an elected legislature and president. The nation's capital city is Jakarta. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, the Philippines, Australia (Australia–Indonesia border), Palau, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) and a member of the G-20 major economies. The Indonesian economy (Economy of Indonesia) is the world's 17th (List of countries by GDP (nominal)) largest by nominal GDP.
The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trade region since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries CE (Common Era), and Hindu (Hinduism in Southeast Asia) and Buddhist (Buddhism) kingdoms flourished. Indonesian history (History of Indonesia) has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Muslim traders brought the now-dominant Islam (Islam in Southeast Asia), while European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku (Maluku Islands) during the Age of Discovery. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism (Dutch East Indies), Indonesia secured its independence (Indonesian National Revolution) after World War II. Indonesia's history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, mass slaughter (Indonesian killings of 1965–66), corruption (Corruption in Indonesia), separatism, a democratization process (Post-Suharto era), and periods of rapid economic change.
Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic (Ethnic groups in Indonesia) and linguistic groups (Languages of Indonesia). The largest – and politically dominant – ethnic group are the Javanese (Javanese people). A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a majority Muslim population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it. Indonesia's national motto, ''"Bhinneka Tunggal Ika"'' ("Unity in Diversity" ''literally,'' "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world's second highest level of biodiversity. The country has abundant natural resources, yet poverty remains widespread.